SOM-102 The Church & Its Mission Having studied the basic foundational truths of the Christian church, it is now time for us to examine moreclosely the church itself. Three basic questions need to be answered in relation to the church, namely What is theChurch? How do we identify the church when we see it? & How is the church supposed to engage the world?
“The Church is a people, acommunity of people, who owetheir existence, their solidarity, & their corporate distinctnessfrom other communities to one thing only – the call of God.” (John Stott)
“The CHURCH is thecovenant community of the people of God.”
POPULATION: 6 billion Nearly 30% of by year 2025: population are below 7.8 billion 15 years oldChristian: 32% 267 nationsMuslim: 21%Hindu: 14% 407.1 million internet usersBuddhist: 7%Non-religious: 15% Operation WorldOthers: 11% 21stCentury Edition The WORLD Today
Evangelicals: 17 of 25 largest84.5 million world cities are(2.8%) in strongholds of1960, 420 Islam, Hinduismmillion (6.9%) & other non-in 2000 Christian religions66% ofevangelicals 26 millionlive in Two ChristianThirds world martyrs in 20th centuryCross-cultural (documented cases)missionaries: Operation World143,189 21st Century Edition The CHURCH Today
KATANGIAN ng Iglesya1. Called in Grace by God Tinawag ng Diyos – De 7:7-8 –The Lord set his heart on you & chose you, even though you didn’t outnumber all the other people. You were the smallest of all nations. You were chosen because the Lord loved you & kept the oath he swore to your ancestors. So he used his mighty right hand to bring you out. He freed you from slavery under Pharaoh (the king of Egypt).
KATANGIAN ng Iglesya1. Called in Grace by God Tinawag ng Diyos – Jn 1:17 – DumatingangKautusansaaminsapamamagitanniMois es; ngunitsapamamagitannamanniJesu-Cristo ay dumatingangkagandahang-loob at katotohanan.
KATANGIAN ng Iglesya2. Gawasapamamagitan ng PananampalatayakayKristo Ep 2:8-9 – Sapagkatdahilsakagandahang-loob ng Diyos kayo ay naligtassapamamagitan ng pananampalataya; at angkaligtasangitoykaloob ng Diyos at hindisapamamagitan ng inyongsarili; hindiitobunga ng inyongmgagawakayatwalangdapatipagmalakiangsin uman.
KATANGIAN ng Iglesya2. Gawasapamamagitan ng PananampalatayakayKristo Ac 4:12 – Kayatsinabini Pedro samgatao, "MgaIsraelita, bakit kayo nagtatakasanangyaringito? Bakitninyokamitinitingnannangganyan? Akalabaninyoynapalakadnaminsiyadahilsasarili naming kapangyarihanokabanalan?
KATANGIAN ng Iglesya3. IsangIglesya(Ep 4:4-6; 1:22-23) 1 Katawan, 1 Ulo, MaramingBahagi(1 Co 12) Kommunidad
KATANGIAN ng Iglesya4. Nagmulasa OT hangangsa NT5. Katangian ng Iglesya Makikita at dimakikita Local & Universal Organism & Organization
MGA PALATANDAAN ng Iglesya1. TRADITIONAL – “Qualities” Unity Holiness Catholicity Apostolicity
MGA PALATANDAAN ng Iglesya2. EXPERIENTIALLYTwo defn: Lutheran & Calvin Worship Word Sacrament Government
MGA PALATANDAAN ng Iglesya1. WORSHIP Common Concept as Praise A Framework Sacred History Reenacted
MGA PALATANDAAN ng Iglesya2. WORD Salita ng Diyos General Overview: 1,200 yrs 40 writers 60 generations Statement: AngBiblia ay Salita ng Diyos&angpinaka-batas Supreme Norm ng Pananampalataya& Gawain
MGA PALATANDAAN ng Iglesya– Authoritative Because… Inspired (God-breathed) Original Copy Inerrant (Walang Mali) Infallible (May karapatan) Plenary (bawatsalita) Internal Witness – Prophecy & Transforming Power Archeology
MGA PALATANDAAN ng Iglesya – OT Validation by Christ – NT Validation by the Holy Spirit
MGA PALATANDAAN ng Iglesya3. SACRAMENTS (ORDINANCES) Baptism o As a sign & seal of covenant o Token of salvation – symbol of reality
MGA PALATANDAAN ng Iglesya Lords Supper Transubstantiation Consubstantiation Commemoration
MGA PALATANDAAN ng Iglesya4. GOVERNMENT Structure o Nature of God – Order (1 Co 14:33) o Demand of the Body – System o Authority to do good & punish evil (Ro 13: 1-5)
MGA PALATANDAAN ng Iglesya– Discipline (Mt 18:15-20) Ethical Demand of God (Is 6:3; De 7:6; 1 Pe 1:16) Holy Standard (Ex 20:17)
MGA PALATANDAAN ng Iglesya Orderly (Mt 18: 15-20) – One on One – With Witness (cf. De 19:15) – Congregation (or through Officers)
MGA PALATANDAAN ng Iglesya Purifying Effect (Pr 22:15) Restoration – Repentance – Forgiveness – Forgetting
NT Principles1. The Bible assumes the appointment of a formal leadership within the church, & that leadership will be provided, with authority, by those so designated within the congregation.2. Leadership Team (cf. Ti. 1:5; Acts 14; Phil. 1:1).3. God appoints individuals to the office of pastor- teacher (Eph. 4:11) – distinct from, yet wholly different from that of the elder, but affirmed by the elders.
BIBLICAL BALANCE The church needs The church also effective pastoral needs a viable lay leadership not just leadership team that in preaching & is an authentic teaching, but also in governing body leadership in with real authority oversight & & responsibility as administration. well.
RATIONALE FOR VIABLE LAY LEADERSHIP The need for collective consensus, or to benefit from the wisdom of the community. The need for continuity. Pastors come & go but the community continues its life & ministry. The need for accountability. A necessary safeguard & accountability structure for the pastor.
MGA GAWAIN ng Iglesya1. FELLOWSHIP2. PROCLAMATION3. SERVICE4. WITNESS
being Gods prophetic voice by revealing the joys of the kingdom of God engaging society with biblical truth to people outside of our faith community truth- kingdom tellin building g TT KB functional showing the love of God mission to people both inside & GN S outside of our faith community though acts ofdeclaring the Good News of mercy, relief rehab &Jesus Christ to all people development good news service
public advocacy in marketplaces like-minded like-minded groups faith communities engage in social justice activepublic square truth- active cooperation tellin promote participation g freedom kingdomtransformation of buildingpublic perception evangelism unity church TT KB charity active planting liberty accountability discipleship functional education intercessory prayer leadership religious government value transformation team livelihood GN S programs schoolsdeclare Jesus as Lord & Saviour development of community free medical- good by the transformed dental clinicsrecognise His news servicecentral role in mercy transforming intentional culturally-relevant rehab the world evangelism relief
MGA GAWAIN ng Iglesya1. FELLOWSHIP (KOINONIA) Common Inheritance (what we share IN together) Cooperative Service (what we share OUT together) Reciprocal responsibility (what we share WITH one another)John Stott
MGA GAWAIN ng IglesyaFELLOWSHIP − BASIS • In Union with Christ (Ep 1) • Induction Into His Body (1 Co 12:12) • Spiritual Unity with One Another (Ep 4) – indissoluble as the Trinity • Called to Experiential Unity (Jo 17:21)
ETHNICITY GENTILE ONE ETHNICITY GENTILEHUMANITYIN CHRIST ETHNICITY GENTILE ETHNICITY JEW
MGA GAWAIN ng IglesyaFELLOWSHIP − PRINCIPLES • In Matters Essential −Unity • In Matters Non-Essential −Liberty • In All Other Matters −Charity
MGA GAWAIN ng Iglesya2. PROCLAMATION (KERYGMA) The Gospel of Jesus"The Spirit of the Lord is with me. He has anointed me to tell theGood News to the poor. He has sent me to announce forgiveness tothe prisoners of sin and the restoring of sight to the blind, to forgivethose who have been shattered by sin, to announce the year of theLords favor.”
MGA GAWAIN ng Iglesya2. PROCLAMATION (KERYGMA) The Gospel of Jesus The Gospel is Good News o Christ came to identify with sinners; o died for their sins; & …
MGA GAWAIN ng Iglesyao rose again from the grave for their justificationo The cross is the exclusive ground of salvation for people & victory over Satan
MGA GAWAIN ng Iglesya Pangangailangan ng Pagbabago o Pag-iisip – minimum theological content o Damdamin – repentance, remorse o Kalooban – willful response in faith
MGA GAWAIN ng Iglesya Proclamation of the Gospel is Indispensable (Mt 24:14) o…
In the ChurchMt 13:25, 30, 36; 25:32All beyond the Church Ac 1:8
MGA GAWAIN ng Iglesya The Authority of Proclamation – The Word o Evangelical Theology is …
The Result of ProclamationWitness to the World Membership in Individual Salvation the Church
Why is our church not evangelising?Bakit hindi nag-eevangelize ang ating iglesya?
MGA GAWAIN ng Iglesya3.SERVICE (DIAKONIA)Lifestyle of Service Calvins Concept of Ministry o pietas – piety leitoirgia – service of God caritas – charity diakonia – service of neighbor o Sum of Christian duty – Mk 12:30-31
MGA GAWAIN ng Iglesya Not Equal but Inseparable Duties Model: Jubilee Church (Acts 4)
Anobangginagawa ng MMBCparamahalinotulunganangatingkom unidad? Paano natin malaman ang pangangailangan nila? – Ask the provider? – Ask the needy? Why do you do it?
MGA GAWAIN ng Iglesya4.WITNESS (MARTURIA)Truth-Telling Anobangnaranasan mo saDiyos? PaanonagingmabutiangMa butingBalitasaiyo?
MGA GAWAIN ng Iglesya:WITNESS IF JESUS IS LORD OF THE CHURCH …THEN THE CHURCH MUST: Develop Disciples Send Missionaries1. Obedience to be 1. Doing missions at home & Christlike overseas (Mt 28: 19-20) Be mature (Ep 4:13) 2. Planting healthy, holistic, Be imitators (1 Co 1:11) harvesting churches2. Life of 3. Developing Christian contemplation, prayer, gro culture & values in societies wing in the 4. Working with God to Word, constantly filled establish His reign & with the Holy Spirit, doing realm in the whole world His will (Re 15:11)3. Faithful & fruitful in
MGA GAWAIN ng IglesyaCHURCH IS… PRIESTLY − to offer acceptable spiritual sacrifice of praise & prayer (Ro 12:1-2) MISSIONARY − to declare to others the excellencies of their God (1 Pe 2:5, 9-10)
MGA GAWAIN ng IglesyaRESPONSIBILITIES KOINONIA – the demonstration of the character of the new society KERYGMA – the proclamation of the gospel that calls for repentance of sin & faith in Christ DIAKONIA – reconciliation, healing, & other forms of service MARTURIA– becoming Christlike&witnessing to the ends of the earth, even unto death
The Functional Cell /Ang Cell na may Pagsisilbi
There is no dividing line between the church& the world. Thechurch may precede the world today, yet it is only living todaywhat the world itself is ultimately called to in the future. Thechurch in essence bleeds into the world ever calling it to itstrue destiny. As a foretaste of the renewal of all creation, thechurch cannot be discontinuous with creation. It cannot bediscontinuous with the world because the church is in theprocess of becoming that very world renewed in Christ.Neither can it merely blend into the world for then allMission&renewal is lost. Its presence will be in, among&forthe world even as it will be distinct from the world. This iswhat it means to take on the incarnational nature of Christ. Itis this very incarnational nature that requires the church to be adiscerning community which at times both refuses conformitywith the world while at other times joining in (with what Godis already at work doing). – David Fitch