Objective: To examine the separation of powers in the American political system.
Separation of Powers: 3 Branches of Government Executive (carries out laws) Legislative (makes laws) Judicial (evaluates laws) President Congress Supreme Court House of Representatives Circuit Courts District Courts Vice President Cabinet Senate
House of Representatives Senate Congress Legislative Branch: Determined by population of each state Capitol Building, Washington, D.C. 2 Senators per state New York has 29 representatives in the House makes laws
House of Representatives Congress Legislative Branch: makes laws Capitol Building, Washington, D.C. Rep. Carolyn McCarthy (left) Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand and (right) Sen. Charles Schumer Senate
President Barack Obama Vice President Joe Biden Executive Branch: carries out laws
President Obama’s Cabinet Executive Branch: carries out laws
(top row, left to right) Stephen Breyer, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Samuel Alito (bottom row, left to right) Anthony Kennedy, John Paul Stevens, Chief Justice John Roberts, Antonin Scalia, David Souter United States Supreme Court Judicial Branch: evaluates laws
Terms of Service President Supreme Court Congress: House of Representatives Congress: Senate Maximum of two four-year terms Unlimited two-year terms Unlimited six-year terms Lifetime appointments Legislative Legislative Judicial Executive