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  • 1. The Principles of the United States Constitution
  • 2. I. Popular Sovereignty
    • The people hold the ultimate authority
    • A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them.
    • Orrin Hatch, Bob Bennett, and Chris Cannon are our elected officials in Congress
  • 3. II. Limited Government
    • Framers wanted to guard against tyranny
    • Government is limited to the power given them in the Constitution.
    • The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep their power can be removed
  • 4. III. Federalism
    • The division of power between State and National Governments
    • Some powers are shared
    • The National Government has the “supreme power”
  • 5. IV. Separation of Powers
    • No one holds “too much” power
    • Legislative branch makes the laws
    • Executive branch carries out the laws
    • Legislative branch interprets the laws
  • 6. Legislative Branch
    • Senate and House of Representatives
    • Make our laws
    • Appropriate Money
    • Regulate Immigration
    • Establish Post Offices and Roads
    • Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation
    • Declare War
  • 7. Executive Branch
    • The President of the United States
    • Chief Executive
    • Chief of State
    • Chief Legislator
    • Commander in Chief
  • 8. Judicial Branch
    • Supreme Court and other Federal Courts
    • Preserve and protect the rights guaranteed by the Constitution
    • Considers cases involving national laws
    • Declares laws and acts “unconstitutional”
  • 9. V. Checks and Balances
    • Prevents the abuse of power in government
    • Each branch can check each other branch
  • 10. Executive Checks
    • Propose laws to Congress
    • Veto laws made by Congress
    • Negotiate foreign treaties
    • Appoint federal judges
    • Grant pardons to federal offenders
  • 11. Legislative Checks
    • Override president’s veto
    • Ratify treaties
    • Confirm executive appointments
    • Impeach federal officers and judges
    • Create and dissolve lower federal courts
  • 12. Judicial Checks
    • Declare executive acts unconstitutional
    • Declare laws unconstitutional
    • Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
    • The Supreme Court holds the final check