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Congress Powerpoint

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  • 1. The Legislative Branch Article I Congress
  • 2. House of Representatives
    • Term: 2 years
    • Qualifications
      • 25 years old
      • 7 years as a U.S. citizen
      • Resident of represented state
  • 3. House of Representatives
    • Number of representatives: 435
    • Head of House of Representatives
      • Speaker of the House
      • Decides the committees each member will serve on
      • Decides the order in which bills will be heard
  • 4. House of Representatives
    • Special Powers of the House of Representatives
      • All money (appropriations) bills start here
      • Select the President in an Electoral College tie
      • Write the article of impeachment against high ranking officials
  • 5. Senate
    • Term of office: 6 years
    • Qualifications:
      • 30 years old
      • 9 years a citizen of the U.S.
      • Resident of the represented state
  • 6. Senate
    • Number of Senators: 100
    • Head of the Senate: U.S. Vice President
    • Day to day head of Senate: President Pro Tempore
    • Power: Decides committee members and order bill are debated.
  • 7. Senate
    • Special Powers
      • Approves all treaties
      • Approves all appointments
      • Chooses the Vice President in an Electoral College tie
      • Acts as the jury in all trials of impeachment
  • 8. Congress
    • Both houses:
    • Must keep a Journal:
      • The Congressional Record
    • Must hold sessions at the same time:
      • Sessions begin January 3 rd each year
    • Must have a quorum to do business:
      • 51% of members present on the floor
  • 9. Congress
    • Both houses make their own rules for behavior and punishments
      • Censure: formally reprimand, written in the record
      • Fines and penalties may be set for some offenses
      • Expulsion: members with gross misconduct may be thrown out of office
  • 10. Privileges and Compensation of Congress members:
    • Salary $147,000 per year
    • Medical and dental benefits
    • Free office, parking, and trips to home state
    • Staff budget
    • Tax break on second home
    • Franking privilege- free postage on all mail to constituents
  • 11. Privileges and Compensation of Congress members:
    • Immunity or legal protection:
    • Cannot be sued of anything they say or write while carrying out their duties
    • Cannot be arrested for minor offenses while Congress is in session
    • May not hold in other political office at the same time
  • 12. Powers of Congress
    • Raise and collect taxes
    • Borrow money
    • Regulate commerce
    • Set laws for Naturalization and Bankruptcy
    • Coin Money
    • Punish counterfeiting
    • Post office
    • Copyrights and patents
    • Set up courts
    • Declare war
    • Establish the military and National guard
    • Make rules and allot funds for the military and National guard
    • Punish pirates
    • Run Washington D.C. and all federal property
    • Elastic clause- implied power
  • 13. ELASTIC CLAUSE
    • The necessary and proper clause gives Congress the power to make laws “necessary and proper” to carry out the delegated duties
    • Also known as the ‘elastic clause’ it stretches the power given Congress
  • 14. Powers denied Congress
    • Congress cannot make laws concerning slave trade until 1808
    • Cannot suspend the writ of Habeas Corpus- must show cause for holding a suspect except in wartime
    • No ex post facto law- cannot punish a person for an act committed before there was a law against it.
  • 15. Powers denied Congress
    • No direct tax- the 16 th amendment allows income tax
    • No tax on exports
    • All states must be treated the same
    • Congress must approve all expenditures of the President through laws
    • No titles of nobility
  • 16. Powers denied the States
    • Cannot coin money
    • Cannot have a state militia, troops, or navy
    • Cannot make treaties
    • No ex post facto law
    • Cannot suspend the Writ of Habeas Corpus
    • No import or export tax
    • No titles of nobility
    • Cannot pass any law that the Federal government is not allowed to pass