A Standards-Based Infrastructure for                                                                                 Inter...
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A Standards-Based Infrastructure for Interoperability in Outcome-Based Education

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ICOPER Poster, prepared for ECTEL 2011

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A Standards-Based Infrastructure for Interoperability in Outcome-Based Education

  1. 1. A Standards-Based Infrastructure for Interoperability in Outcome-Based EducationBologna Process: focus onlearning outcomes (studentcentered view) Michael Derntl1, Michael Totschnig2, Joris Klerkx3, Jad Najjar2, Bernd Simon2, and Erik Duval3Learning outcomes state what 1 RWTH Aachen University, Information Systems & Databases, Aachen, Germanya learner 2 WU Vienna, Institute for Information Systems & New Media, Vienna, Austria knows, understands (knowledge), and 3 Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Computer Science, Leuven, Belgium is able to do (skills, competences) derntl@dbis.rwth-aachen.deafter completing a learningprocess. University management specifies and advertises modular, outcome-based programs Objective: Support the full cycle of Program managers define common “course types” and regulations in terms of recommended teaching learning design and delivery using methods, assessment, and evaluation (profiles of) learning technology Instructional designers pick and reuse teaching methods to create learning opportunities that allow standards and specifications learners to achieve intended outcomes Teachers want to pick good-practice course designs and contents for adaptation and delivery Teachers want to focus on subject matter issues, not on process/administration issues Students find learning opportunities matching their needs Students keep (control) institution independent portfolios of achievements Companies and recruiters find graduates matching the job qualifications Development Methodology Metadata based linkage of instructional artifacts «vocabulary» «vocabulary» «vocabulary» «vocabulary» 1 General 1 General Structure Status LearningResourceType PackageFormat PALO 1 1.1 identifier: Identifier [1..*] 1.1 identifier: Identifier [1..*] 1.2 title: Langstring 1.2 title: Langstring 1.3 language: Charstring [1..*] 1.3 language: Charstring [1..*] atomic collection networked draft final revised learning design teaching method assessment design imsld_v1p0 [+ LRE ILOX Manifest- MLO ICOPER Application Profiles 1.4 description: Langstring [0..*] 1.4 description: Langstring [0..*] hierarchical unavailable assessment method ation Package Names] 1.5 keyword: Langstring [0..*] 1.5 keyword: Langstring [0..*] linear assessment resource 1.6 coverage: Langstring [0..*] (used for 4.6 technical. 1.6 coverage: Langstring [0..*] other 1.7 structure: Structure [0..1] otherPlaformRequirements) 1.7 structure: Structure [0..1] [+ LOM and LRE values] 1.8 aggregationLevel: {1,2,3,4} [0..1] 1.8 aggregationLevel: {1,2,3,4} [0..1] «vocabulary» «vocabulary» 2.3 contribute LowToHigh InteractivityType 2 LifeCycle 2 LifeCycle Contribute Contribute 0..1 0..* very low active 2.1 version: Charstring [0..1] 1 role: Role low expositive ICOPER LOM metadata for content and 2.1 version: Charstring [0..1] 1 role: Role 2.2 status: Status [0..1] 2.2 status: Status [0..1] 2 entity: Charstring [1..*] {vCard} 2 entity: Charstring [1..*] {vCard} medium mixed 3 date: DateTime [0..1] 3 date: DateTime [0..1] high very high 0..* 3.2 contribute 3 MetaMetadata «vocabulary» 3 MetaMetadata «vocabulary» Difficulty 1 3.1 identifier: Identifier [1..*] EducationalContext instructional models (IEEE LOM profile); 3.1 identifier: Identifier [1..*] very easy 3.3 metadataSchema: Charstring [0..*] 3.3 metadataSchema: Charstring [0..*] school easy 3.4 language: Charstring [0..1] 3.4 language: Charstring [0..1] higher education medium training hard other very hard 4 Technical 4 Technical 1 4.1 format: Charstring [0..*] wraps 4.1 format: Charstring [0..*] «vocabulary» «vocabulary» 4.2 size: Charstring [0..1] 4.2 size: Charstring [0..1] EndUserRole Role 4.3 location: Charstring [1..*] {URL} 4.3 location: Charstring [1..*] {URL} 4.4 requirement: Requirement [0..*] teacher author 4.4 requirement: Requirement [0..*] 4.5 installationRemarks: Langstring [0..1] author publisher 4.5 installationRemarks: Langstring [0..1] 4.6 otherPlatformRequirements: LangString [0..1] {PackageFormat} learner unknown 4.6 otherPlatformRequirements: LangString [0..1] {PackageFormat} 4.7 duration: Duration [0..1] manager initiator 4.7 duration: Duration [0..1] terminator validator ICOPER ICOPER LOM AP LOM AP 1 5 Educational 5 Educational 5.1 interactivityType: InteractivityType [0..1] 5.1 interactivityType: InteractivityType [0..1] 5.2 learningResourceType: LearningResourceType [1..*] 5.2 learningResourceType: LearningResourceType [1..*] 5.3 interactivityLevel: LowToHigh [0..1] 5.3 interactivityLevel: LowToHigh [0..1] 0..* 5.12 LearningOutcome 5.12 LearningOutcome 5.12.1 identifier: Identifier 5.12.1 identifier: Identifier editor graphical designer technical implementer content provider technical validator IMS CP/LD for instructional models (learning designs, teaching methods, assessment designs 5.4 semanticDensity: LowToHigh [0..1] 5.4 semanticDensity: LowToHigh [0..1] educational validator 0..* 5.5 intendedEndUserRole: EndUserRole [0..*] 5.5 intendedEndUserRole: EndUserRole [0..*] script writer 5.6 context: EducationalContext [0..*] 5.6 context: EducationalContext [0..*] 5.12.2 Level instructional designer 5.12.2 Level 5.7 typicalAgeRange: Langstring [0..*] 5.7 typicalAgeRange: Langstring [0..*] subject matter expert 5.8 difficulty: Difficulty [0..1] 5.8 difficulty: Difficulty [0..1] 5.12.2.1 name: LevelName 5.12.2.1 name: LevelName 5.9 typicalLearningTime: Duration [0..1] 5.9 typicalLearningTime: Duration [0..1] 5.12.2.2 value: Charstring 5.12.2.2 value: Charstring «vocabulary» and assessment methods) 5.10 description: Langstring [0..*] 5.10 description: Langstring [0..*] 5.12.2.3 scheme: Charstring [0..1] 5.12.2.3 scheme: Charstring [0..1] RelationKind 5.11 language: Langstring [0..*] 5.11 language: Langstring [0..*] 5.12.2.4 description: Langstring [0..1] 5.12.2.4 description: Langstring [0..1] implements uses 6 Rights 6 Rights is variation of 0..1 is implemented by 6.1 cost: Boolean [0..1] 6.1 cost: Boolean [0..1] is used by 6.2 copyrightAndOtherRestrictions: Boolean [0..1] 6.2 copyrightAndOtherRestrictions: Boolean [0..1] is part of 0..* 6.3 description: Langstring [0..1] 6.3 description: Langstring [0..1] 7 Relation 7 Relation 1 7.2 Resource 7.2 Resource has part is version of has version is format of has format IMS QTI for assessment resources 7.1 kind: RelationKind 7.1 kind: RelationKind 7.2.1 identifier: Identifier [1..*] 7.2.1 identifier: Identifier [1..*] references 7.2.2 description: Langstring [0..1] 7.2.2 description: Langstring [0..1] is referenced by 0..* 8 Annotation 8 Annotation 8.1 entity: Charstring [0..1] {vCard} 8.1 entity: Charstring [0..1] {vCard} 8.2 date: DateTime [0..1] 8.2 date: DateTime [0..1] is based on is basis for requires is required by Any other resource format (Website, Picture, 8.3 description: Langstring SCORM, etc.) 8.3 description: Langstring «vocabulary» 8.4 type: AnnotationType [0..1] 8.4 type: AnnotationType [0..1] EducationalSetting «vocabulary» face-to-face 9 Classification 9 Classification AnnotationType online «vocabulary» 0..* ClassificationPurpose distant 9.1 purpose: ClassificationPurpose 9.1 purpose: ClassificationPurpose teacher reflection blended 9.2 taxonPath: TaxonPath [0..*] 9.2 taxonPath: TaxonPath [0..*] group size student feedback ICOPER LOD for learning outcome definitions 9.3 description: Langstring [0..1] 9.3 description: Langstring [0..1] educational setting peer review (used for 9.3, if 9.1 purpose = 9.4 keyword: Langstring [0..*] 9.4 keyword: Langstring [0..*] [+ LOM base values] other "educational setting") LOM (IEEE RCD profile) ICOPER PALO for learning outcome profiles (achieved/taught) ICOPER MLO for metadata of learning LOD opportunities (CEN MLO profile)Open ICOPER Content Space – http://icoper.org/oics80,000+ sharable educational resources17 providers, incl. ~4K learning outcomes, ~26K learning designs,~6K teaching methods, ~2K assessment resources Prototype End-User Applications ICOPER was funded by the European Commission as a Best Practice Network under the eContentplus programme – http://www.icoper.org

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