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Educational blogfolio - exploring student teacher's concepts and competency of integrating Web applications and blog features for knowledge construction
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Educational blogfolio - exploring student teacher's concepts and competency of integrating Web applications and blog features for knowledge construction


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  • 1. CITE Research Symposium 2010 Mike H.L. Chui The Hong Kong Institute of Education
  • 2.  Student-teachers (STs) generally perceive an e- portfolio in form of a CD-ROM  Static reflective statement/ Static content  Instructors cannot provide instant feedback corresponding to a specific items  No interaction with other student-teachers  Learning experience in teacher training has not been associated probably  No further e-portfolio development  Environmental issue (dispose over 400 CD-ROMs each academic year)
  • 3.  IT provisions (previous practice):  Briefing for the assessment items of e-portfolios  Creating a Web site with commercial Web authoring tools (hands-on) - academic years before 2008  Computer-based training (CBT) related to Web authoring (self-directed study + in-campus)
  • 4.  Student-teachers (STs) are unable to update their e- portfolios:  Time limit for the trial version of the commercial Web authoring tool  Unable to master the basic HTML manipulation (with/ without the commercial Web authoring tool)  Unable to master the FTP functions  Unable to understand the server-side structures
  • 5.  Not all student-teachers process the technical skills to create e-portfolios (Montgomery & Wiley, 2004)  Only a static Web-based e-portfolio is created (Yuen, C.Y. & Yang, H., 2010)  Viewers cannot leave feedback (Yang, 2008)
  • 6.  By using blogs as e-portfolios  Reduce the technical setbacks for content creation (Martindale & Wiley, 2005)  Allows publishing instantly to the Internet from any Internet connection (Richardson, 2006)  More features for interactions and updatability  Share resources and ideas for reflection, interaction and collaboration (Yuen & Yang, 2010)
  • 7.  Abandon teaching commercial Web authoring tools  Teaching hands-on with using free blog platform + build-in blog features + embedding Web applications (Webapps)/ blog widgets/ Web 2.0 widgets for enhancing communications  Language support (English/ Simplified Chinese/ Traditional Chinese)  Blog posts  Blogroll/ RSS  Possible blog opportunities by using mobile devices  Video instructions support by creating a YouTube channel (for self-directed learning and revision)  Distributing case studies of using blog in teaching and learning
  • 8.  Blogfolio = Blog + Portfolio (Yuen, C.Y. & Yang, H., 2010)  Web-based portfolio for pre-service and in-service teachers (Milman, 1999; Yates, Newsome, & Creighton, 1999; Pierson & Kumari, 2000; Avraamidou& Zembal-Saul, 2006; Campbell, Cignetti, Melenyzer, Nettles, & Wyman, 2007) :  Reorganize  Re-evaluate  Reflect  Result in new insights
  • 9.  An experimental study  Population  FT PGDE(S) – 2008-2009 (107 students)  FT PGDE(S) – 2009-2010 (128 students)  A questionnaire has been adopted and examined by a professional in a discipline of assessment, and distributed to the population who have received the IT provisions and need to submit e-portfolios.  Students are randomly selected as their responses are optional.
  • 10.  Totally 153 questionnaires have been received in two academic years
  • 11. How confident will you use today's Web site builder for blogfolio construction in the future? 2% 20% 32% Very confident Confident Fairly confident Not confident 46%
  • 12. How do you rate your knowledge/ concepts by using blogfolio in learning and teaching after the IT provisions? 4% 0% 0% More knowledgeable No change Confused Very confused 96%
  • 13. Which of the following element(s) in a blogfolio would enhance teacher-students communication? 3% 1% 1% 17% 19% Weather forecasting 5% Discussion forum/ Blog post Background Music/ Music jukebox Poll/ Voting/ Survey 4% Embedded Instant messaging tool Educational Game 13% Embedded Video 4% Instant translation to other language Calendar/ Scheduling tool Photo album Password-protected area 13% 6% Podcasting 14%
  • 14.  How do you (as a teacher) apply blogfolio for knowledge construction?  I can also get more information in the fast developing world.  By creating or adding YouTube on the blogfolio.  Using blog as an interesting/ vivid platform for students and teachers to exchange ideas after classes.  It is very useful for students to keep track on their learning process, especially if they were absent (the classes before). Students can download PowerPoint or worksheet at any time.  Teachers can collect feedback and amend their teaching content and strategies.
  • 15.  How do you (as a teacher) apply blogfolio for knowledge construction?  Share knowledge like PowerPoint and video with students.  Teachers can upload learning materials for students to download which facilitate revision.  Teachers can upload extra materials (e.g. video clips/ news clips) for students’ self-directed learning.  Remind students the key learning areas (especially for long vacation)  More opportunities to communicate with students about teaching and learning  Embed different media
  • 16.  Why the selected element(s) could enhance teacher-students communication?  Discussion forum/ Blog post/ Poll/ Voting/ Survey  Can gather information/ comments from students  Students can post private or public messages  Teachers can better understand student's favourite, mood and opinion  Understand students' needs  Important notes can be posted
  • 17.  Why the selected element(s) could enhance teacher-students communication?  Embedding instant messaging tool  Instant feedback can be received  Photo album  Can help students to know more about the teacher  Visualise the life of each others  Share happiness with each other
  • 18.  Why the selected element(s) could enhance teacher-students communication?  Educational game  Can enhance students' interest in learning (about motivation)  Enable interactions between students and teachers  Embedding video  Learning by video is more effective than learning by text
  • 19.  Why the selected element(s) could enhance teacher-students communication?  Others  Teacher and student can share the information or teaching materials at the same time  Interactivity  Students can raise ideas  Supplementary notes  As a medium for students expressing themselves
  • 20.  Student-teachers (STs) are basically satisfied with the user-friendliness of the online Web site builder (i.e. even though some of the respondents are the first-time bloggers  STs also have the tendency to continue building up their knowledge as well as using the builder for learning and teaching activities in the future  STs enjoyed customisation of their own blogfolios with the introduced Webapps which agreed with the founding by Tapscott (2009) in his book about the habits of young people (i.e. the Net Gener). JISC (2008) also highlighted that being able to customise is crucial for e-portfolio construction  JISC (2008) also suggested that a customisable interface of an e- portfolio system would enable learners to explore their identity. A blogfolio is somewhat of a display of personalisation, with a certain extent of customisation, enables learners to explore one’s identities.
  • 21.  Avraamidou, L. & Zembal-Saul, C. (2006) Exploring the influence of Web-based portfolio development on learning to teach elementary science. AACE Journal, 14(2), 178-205.  Campbell, D. M., Cignetti, P. B., Melenyzer, B. J., Nettles, D. H. & Wyman, R. M. (2007) How to develop a professional portfolio: A manual for teachers (4th Ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.  JISC (2008) Effective Practice with e-Portfolios – Supporting 21st century learning. [online] Available from: [Accessed 12 May 2009]  Martindale, T. & Wiley, D. A. (2005) Using Weblogs in scholarship and teaching. TechTrends, 49(2), 55-61. doi:10.1007/BF02773972  Milman, N. (1999) Web-based electronic teaching portfolios for preservice teachers. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, San Antonio, TX.
  • 22.  Pierson, M. E. & Kumari, S. (2000) Web-based student portfolios in a graduate instructional technology program. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, San Diego, CA.  Richardson, W. (2006) Blogs, wikis, podcasts, and other powerful Web tools for classroom. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.  Tapscott. D. (2009) Grown up digital: How the Net Generation is Changing Your World. New York: McGrawHill.  Yang, H. (2008) Blogfolios for student-centered reflection and communication. In M. Iskander (Ed.). Innovative Techniques in Instruction Technology, E-Learning, E-Assessment and Education. Berlin: Springer.  Yates, B., Newsome, J. & Creighton, T. (1999) Standards based technology competencies: Electronic portfolios in preservice education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, San Antonio, TX.  Yuen, S.C.Y., & Yang, H. (2010) Using blogfolios to enhance interaction in e-learning courses. In Yang, H. & Yuen, S. (Eds.). Handbook of research on practices and outcomes in e-learning: Issues and trends (pp. 455-470). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
  • 23. Thank you very much for your participation