Chapter 7 power point


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Chapter 7 power point

  1. 1. Chapter IntroductionSection 1: The President and Vice PresidentSection 2: The President’s JobSection 3: Making Foreign PolicySection 4: Presidential Advisers and Executive AgenciesVisual Summary
  2. 2. Guide to ReadingBig IdeaThe Constitution gives the executivebranch the power to execute, orimplement, the law.
  3. 3. The Office of the President As the head of the executive branch of our federal government, the president holds one of the most powerful and important elective offices in the world.
  4. 4. The Office of the President (cont.)• The president of the United States leads the executive branch of the United States’ government.
  5. 5. The Office of the President (cont.)• Qualifications listed in the Constitution – At least 35 years old – Native-born American citizen – Resident of the U.S. for at least 14 years
  6. 6. The Office of the President (cont.)• Electoral College – Electors cast votes to select the president – Number of votes based on number of Congressional seats – Most states use a “winner-take-all” system for winner of popular vote Presidential Succession
  7. 7. The Office of the President (cont.)• Four-year presidential term; limit of two terms• Salary and benefits: – Annual salary of $400,000 – White House and Camp David – Air Force One for travel
  8. 8. The Office of the President (cont.)• Vice president: – Elected with the president – Becomes president if the president resigns or dies in office
  9. 9. Presidential Succession The office of the president has an established order of succession.
  10. 10. Presidential Succession (cont.)• The Constitution sets up a line of succession in case the president dies or is forced to leave office.
  11. 11. Presidential Succession (cont.)• Twenty-fifth Amendment: – Vice president takes over as president – Names all the positions in line for the presidency
  12. 12. Guide to ReadingBig IdeaThe Constitution gives the executivebranch the power to execute, orimplement, the law.
  13. 13. Constitutional Powers The source for the president’s authority is Article II of the Constitution.
  14. 14. Constitutional Powers (cont.)• The powers of the president are outlined in Article II of the Constitution.• Only federal office elected by entire nation
  15. 15. Constitutional Powers (cont.)• Presidential powers outlined in Constitution: – Veto legislation – Call Congress into special session – Commander in chief of the armed forces – Receive foreign leaders – Make treaties
  16. 16. Constitutional Powers (cont.) – Appoint heads of agencies, judges, ambassadors, and other officials – Pardon or reduce federal sentences• Consults with and gives information to Congress
  17. 17. Roles of the President The president fills many roles that are important to the functioning of the United States government.
  18. 18. Roles of the President (cont.)• The president serves several major functions including the chief executive, the head of the armed forces, and legislative leader.
  19. 19. Roles of the President (cont.)• Chief executive: – Carries out the nation’s laws using cabinet and millions of federal employees – Executive order – Appoints Supreme Court justices and other federal judges
  20. 20. Roles of the President (cont.)• Grants pardons, reprieves, and amnesty• Directs foreign policy
  21. 21. Roles of the President (cont.)• Commander in chief: – Official commander of all branches of the armed forces – Shares power to declare war with Congress
  22. 22. Roles of the President (cont.)• Legislative leader: – President pushes legislation that furthers the president’s goals
  23. 23. Roles of the President (cont.)• Other roles: – Head of state – Economic leader – Party leader
  24. 24. Guide to ReadingBig IdeaUnder our federal system, theexecutive, legislative, and judicialbranches share the responsibility ofgoverning the nation.
  25. 25. The President and Foreign Policy As commander in chief and chief diplomat, the president leads the nation’s armed forces and directs U.S. foreign policy.
  26. 26. The President and Foreign Policy (cont.)• The president’s job includes establishing foreign policy, which can involve the use of diplomacy, military power, or both.• Often centered on national security• Makes Treaties and executive agreements based on economics or mutual defense
  27. 27. The President and Foreign Policy (cont.)• Appointing ambassadors as representatives to other countries• Facilitating or blocking international trade through trade sanctions or embargos
  28. 28. Guide to ReadingBig IdeaThe Constitution gives the executivebranch the power to execute, orimplement, the law.
  29. 29. Organization of the Federal Branch The executive branch is made up of the top advisers and assistants who help the president carry out major duties.
  30. 30. Organization of the Federal Branch (cont.)• The president appoints many advisers and assistants to help carry out the duties of the executive branch.
  31. 31. Organization of the Federal Branch (cont.)• Executive office – Headed by White House Chief of Staff – Contains powerful advisers
  32. 32. Organization of the Federal Branch (cont.)• Office of Management and Budget prepares the federal budget• National Security Council helps with military and foreign policy• Office of Administration performs administrative tasks• Council of Economic Advisers addresses employment, tax policy, inflation, and foreign trade
  33. 33. The Cabinet The cabinet is an advisory group chosen by the president to help accomplish the work of the executive branch.
  34. 34. The Cabinet (cont.)• The president’s main advisers belong to the cabinet, which is made up of the people who head the major areas of the executive branch. The Executive Office of the President
  35. 35. The Cabinet (cont.)• Cabinet comprises of the heads of 14 departments: – Meets as president needs – Some presidents rely heavily on Cabinet, others less so The President’s Cabinet
  36. 36. The Cabinet (cont.)• Increased roles of vice presidents and First Ladies – Recent presidents have given more responsibility to vice presidents – First Ladies often promote specific social issues
  37. 37. The Federal Bureaucracy The federal bureaucracy has grown over the years and assumes an important role in making public policy.
  38. 38. The Federal Bureaucracy (cont.)• The agencies that make up the federal bureaucracy are responsible for the operation of the federal government.• Implements new laws and decide how they apply to daily life• Administers the day-to-day operations of the federal government
  39. 39. The Federal Bureaucracy (cont.)• Regulates the activities of businesses and individuals• Includes hundreds of independent agencies – Executive agencies work with specialized areas – Government corporations – Regulatory boards and commissions
  40. 40. The Federal Bureaucracy (cont.)• Political appointees• Civil service system based on merit system
  41. 41. The Presidency• The president is head of the executive branch of the federal government and is our nation’s top political leader.• The source for the president’s authority is Article II of the Constitution, which says that “the executive power shall be vested in the president of the United States of America.”
  42. 42. Electing the President• Presidents are elected through an indirect method called the Electoral College.
  43. 43. Responsibilities• According to the Constitution, the president’s main job is to carry out the laws passed by Congress.• As head of the executive branch of government, the president must make decisions that affect the lives of all Americans.
  44. 44. Roles of the PresidentIn carrying out the responsibilities of the office, thepresident must play a number of different roles.These roles are: • Chief executive • Chief diplomat • Commander in chief • Legislative leader • Head of state • Economic leader • Party leader
  45. 45. Tools of Foreign PolicyThe president and Congress use many tools to carryout American foreign policy. These tools include: • Treaties and executive agreements • Appointing ambassadors • Foreign aid • International trade • Military force
  46. 46. Organization of the FederalGovernment• President• Vice President• Executive Office of the President• Executive departments• Federal bureaucracy
  47. 47. Electoral Collegea group of people named by eachstate legislature to select thepresident and vice president
  48. 48. electorperson appointed to vote inpresidential elections for the majorcandidates
  49. 49. displayto put in plain view
  50. 50. outcomethe result of an action or event
  51. 51. executive ordera rule or command that has the forceof law
  52. 52. pardona declaration of forgiveness andfreedom from punishment
  53. 53. reprievean order to delay a person’spunishment until a higher court canhear the case
  54. 54. amnestya pardon to a group of people
  55. 55. requireto have a need for or to order
  56. 56. impactto influence or effect
  57. 57. policya guiding course of action
  58. 58. foreign policya nation’s overall plan for dealing withother nations
  59. 59. national securitythe ability to keep the country safefrom attack or harm
  60. 60. treatya formal agreement between thegovernments of two or more countries
  61. 61. executive agreementan agreement between the presidentand the leader of another country
  62. 62. ambassadoran official representative of acountry’s government
  63. 63. trade sanctionan effort to punish another nation byimposing trade barriers
  64. 64. embargoan agreement among a group ofnations that prohibits them all fromtrading with a target nation
  65. 65. methoda procedure or process of doingsomething
  66. 66. targeta goal or aim
  67. 67. cabineta group of advisers to the presidentthat includes the heads of 14 top-levelexecutive departments
  68. 68. federal bureaucracythe collective agencies andemployees of the executive branch
  69. 69. independent agencyfederal board or commission that isnot part of any cabinet department
  70. 70. government corporationa business owned and operated bythe federal government
  71. 71. political appointeea person appointed to a federalposition by the president
  72. 72. civil service workerperson hired into a federal position
  73. 73. civil service systemthe practice of hiring governmentworkers on the basis of open,competitive examinations and merit
  74. 74. spoils systemrewarding people with governmentjobs on the basis of their politicalsupport
  75. 75. merit systemhiring people into government jobs onthe basis of their qualifications
  76. 76. monitorto watch or observe
  77. 77. rolethe function of a person or thing
  78. 78. To use this Presentation Plus! product: Click the Forward button to go to the next slide. Click the Previous button to return to the previous slide. Click the Home button to return to the Chapter Menu. Click the Transparency button from the Chapter Menu or Chapter Introduction slides to access the TIME Transparency that is relevant to this chapter. From within a section, click on this button to access the relevant Daily Focus Skills Transparency. Click the Return button in a feature to return to the main presentation. Click the Economics Online button to access online textbook features. Click the Reference Atlas button to access the Interactive Reference Atlas. Click the Exit button or press the Escape key [Esc] to end the chapter slide show. Click the Help button to access this screen. Links to Presentation Plus! features such as Graphs in Motion, Charts in Motion, and figures from your textbook are located at the bottom of relevant screens.
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