stood at the bottom of a mountain looking up                             pete goodliffe                                   ...
! apprentice !   journeyman   !   master   !!    shu    !        ha       !     ri     !
dreyfus model     expert    proficient   competentadvanced beginner     novice
novicehave no knowledge      (yet)   want results     (fast)have no experience    need rules can’t judge rules
advanced beginner  some experience   some learning     explicit knowledgecan break free from   rules a littlewill get quic...
competent  mental model made associations formed  understand relative importance of aspectscan approach unknown      probl...
proficient   beyond competency  understand big picture   frustrated by novice      simplificationscan correct previous err...
expert   the pinnaclethere are very few have authority interlink skillscan teach others have intuition  naturally see an a...
where are you?  how far up the mountain?
how high do you  want to go?
The?   Ultimate    Learning    Machine
practicepractice is not a noun     deliberate practice            katas            dojo
stood at the bottom of a mountain looking up                                                          pete goodliffe      ...
stood at the bottom of a mountain looking up           pete goodliffe                                               Pete G...
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Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition, by Pete Goodliffe

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A description of the Dreyfus Levels, by Pete Goodliffe (www.goodliffe.net). This is an excerpt from a larger presentation by Pete, which you can find here: http://www.slideshare.net/petegoodliffe/stood-at-the-bottom-of-a-mountain-looking-up

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Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition, by Pete Goodliffe

  1. 1. stood at the bottom of a mountain looking up pete goodliffe Pete Goodliffe A programmer, a columnist, an author, a teacher. Someone who cares about code. www.goodliffe.net goodliffe.blogspot.com @petegoodliffe
  2. 2. ! apprentice ! journeyman ! master !! shu ! ha ! ri !
  3. 3. dreyfus model expert proficient competentadvanced beginner novice
  4. 4. novicehave no knowledge (yet) want results (fast)have no experience need rules can’t judge rules
  5. 5. advanced beginner some experience some learning explicit knowledgecan break free from rules a littlewill get quickly stuck know where to get answers cant focus out irrelevant details
  6. 6. competent mental model made associations formed understand relative importance of aspectscan approach unknown problems thi go s isplans methodical routes od pla a to into problems be ce
  7. 7. proficient beyond competency understand big picture frustrated by novice simplificationscan correct previous errors & reflect on experiences maximsfocus on important issues tacit knowledge
  8. 8. expert the pinnaclethere are very few have authority interlink skillscan teach others have intuition naturally see an answer
  9. 9. where are you? how far up the mountain?
  10. 10. how high do you want to go?
  11. 11. The? Ultimate Learning Machine
  12. 12. practicepractice is not a noun deliberate practice katas dojo
  13. 13. stood at the bottom of a mountain looking up pete goodliffe references 10,000 hours Outliers. The Story of Success. Malcom Gladwell. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-01792-3. Chapter 2. The Role of Deliberate Practice in the Acquisition of Expert Performance. K. Andrew Ericsson, Raly Th. Krame and Clemens Tescho-Romer. The last man who knew it all Influence: Science and Practice. Robert B. Cialdini. Pearson Education. ISBN-13: 978-0321011473 Four levels of incompetence Maslow’s Four Stages Of Learning. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_stages_of_competence Unskilled and Unaware of It: How Difficulties in Recognizing Ones Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-Assessments Justin KRUGER, David DUNNING. Psychology, 2009, 1, 30-46 Knowledge portfolio The Pragmatic Programmer. Hunt, Thomas Shu Ha Ri See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shuhari Dreyfus Model of Skills Acquisition See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dreyfus_model_of_skill_acquisition Stuart E. Dreyfus; Hubert L. Dreyfus (Feb 1980), A Five-Stage Model of the Mental Activities Involved in Directed Skill Acquisition, Storming Media Effort/Importance of self-belief Dweck, Carol S. Mindset: The New Psychology of Success. Ballantine Books, 2007. Carol Dweck Self-theories: Their role in motivation, personality and development (1999)
  14. 14. stood at the bottom of a mountain looking up pete goodliffe Pete Goodliffe pete@goodliffe.net
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