I. CALL and ICT (Definition) III. Issues related to ICT II. Benefits & shortcomings of ICT V. Internet as an ICT teaching / learning tool Content Integrating ICT into the classroom IV. The ICT lesson plan VI. Evaluating Internet sites VII. Web based lessons II. Why ICT in ELT?
( C omputer A ssisted L anguage L earning) CALL “ It’s using computers to SUPPORT language teaching and learning SOME WAY.” (Egbert, 2005) Integrating ICT into the classroom CALL (definition)
Hardware: CPUs, printers, digital cameras and audio, etc. Software ( I nformation and C ommunications T echnology) ICT ICT (definition) Text editors, databases, e-mails, spreadsheets, Internet, browsers, CALL software, etc. “ They are the computing and communications facilities and features that variously support teaching, learning and a range of activities in education .” http://www.kented.org.uk/NGfL/ict/definition.htm
Integrating ICT into the classroom Why ICT in ELT?
The growing use of technology in today's world is pushing EFL-ESL teachers to consider the integration of ICT into the classroom.
It can be dynamic and interactive.
ICT gives learners immediate access to richer source materials .
ICT can be effective and efficient.
ICT can be used as a tool for motivating students to learn in a different way.
Web based lessons Integrating ICT into the classroom
Web-based lesson design
Planning an ICT lesson:
Pedagogical approach (Task-based approach)
Stages of task-based activities
Six types of tasks (Willis, 1996) Take part in a dressing-up competition / Write a poem / Talk or write about past customs/ Produce a class magazine / Perform interactions Talk about things you own, past routines/ preferences and find people with similar ones / What generally makes you annoyed? Give advice in response to a letter from an advice column / Guess what’s in a picture / Social studies of young offenders Listen to descriptions of people & identify which person is / Compare ways of doing things in different countries/ Spot the differences Organize days of the week / Rank items in order of importance / Complete a chart / think of 5 ways to classify clothes you wear List things found in a particular place / everyday things / things you can do / qualities needed for a particular job Sample tasks Memory challenge games / ordering and sorting tasks Words / Things / Qualities / People / Places / Job-related skills Brainstorming, fact-finding Completed list or draft mind map Listing Students select the funniest experience, tell the class and give reasons for their choice Anecdotes / Personal reminiscence / Attitudes, opinions, preferences / Personal reactions Narrating, describing, exploring & explaining attitudes, opinions, reactions Social Sharing personal experiences Learners keep a diary describing their progress on a project Students do a comparing, present, justify & discuss solutions for the class to vote on the best one8s) Students design parallel tasks based on data Spot the missing item/ reach consensus from rankings/ justify decisions / Odd one out Follow up Small group activities / Creative writing / Social or historical research / Media projects / real life rehearsals Short puzzles, logic problems, real life problems / incomplete stories / Poems / Case studies Matching to identify someone or something / Compare to find similarities or differences Jumbles lists / Set of instructions / Sorting according to specific criteria / Half completed charts/ Lists of items Starting points Brainstorming, fact-finding, ordering & sorting, comparing, problem solving Analyzing real or hypothetical situations, reasoning and making decisions Matching, finding similarities / differences Sequencing, ranking, categorizing, classifying Processes Projects Solution(s) to problem Matching or assembling/ identifying similarities or differences Information or data ordered & sorted according to specified criteria Outcome Creative tasks Problem solving Comparing Ordering & sorting Task Aspects
Stages of a task based activity Pre-task Warming up ; activating background knowledge Stage Example Task Post-task (Follow-up) Students do something to express themselves in response to an activity. Further practice to make sure students reached lesson objective(s) Ask students to match pictures from a menu with a list of words Go to site play a game (food groups) correct suggestions about food groups organize food using “a lot”, “some”, “little” ask which food from the group classmate eats a lot, some or little report Choose one food from the group in the game. Write about it. Send it to your teacher by e-mail. Description Miguel Mendoza, 2006. British Council, Venezuela
Identify topic from lesson or unit Find sites related to topic Plan/design pre-task, task and follow up activities Lesson plan & external material Web-based lesson design Scan the text Search skills needed Task-based approach Print or store on the computer Web-based lesson design process Miguel Mendoza, 2006. British Council, Venezuela Apply, evaluate and edit (if need be)
Blogs A blog is a website that allows an author to publish instantly on the Internet from any Internet connection .
The ones you use for sending an e-mail Constructivism A reflective, journal-type blog A class blog A shared blog
References Egbert, J. (2005). CALL essentials . TESOL. USA Technologies for languages. British Council. Retrieved information January 17th, 2006. http://searchenglish.britishcouncil.org/SuggestFrame.asp?newURL='http://www.languagesict.org.uk/users/technology_for_languages.htm'&UserID= Chapelle, C. (2001). Computer applications in second language acquisition . Cambridge University Press Information and Communications technologies for language teachers (ICT4LT). Retrieved information January 10th, 2006. http://www.ict4lt.org/en/index.htm Integrating ICT into the classroom