Yuan Dynasty: China's History

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The Yuan Dynasty
Mongol Conquest of China
Under the Rule of Kublai Khan
Contributions to China
Contributions to the World

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Yuan Dynasty: China's History

  1. 1. Yuan Dynasty (approx. 1280-1368)
  2. 2. Mongol Empire & Yuan Dynasty
  3. 3. The Yuan Dynasty Capital:  Dadu (Beijing) Languages:  Chinese, Mongolian Religions:  Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Chinese folk religion, Tengriism, Christianity, Islam
  4. 4. The Yuan Dynasty Government:  Monarchy Currency:  Paper Currency (Chao), Chinese cash Today part of:  Burma, China, India, North Korea, South Korea, Laos Mongolia, Russia, Hong Kong, Macao, Vietnam
  5. 5. Mongol Conquest of China  Tiemuzhen/Genghis Khan (1162-1227)  Founder and emperor of the Mongol Empire.  Placed in the imperial records as the official founder of Yuan Dynasty by his grandson, Kublai Khan.  Assigned Ögedei Khan as his successor.  Split his empire into khanates.  Conquered many lands across Asia and Europe: North China in the East. Turkey in the West. Russia in the North. Europe was saved from the Mongol invasion when Genghis Khan died after defeating the Western Xia in 1227.
  6. 6. Founding of Yuan Dynasty  Kublai Khan (1260-1294)  Known as the Great Khan.  True founder and emperor of the Yuan Dynasty.  First Mongol (non-Chinese) emperor of China.  Genghis Khan's grandson.  Defeated his younger brother Ariq Böke in a succession war.  Invasions of Japan, in 1274 and 1281, were failures.  Invasion of Java in 1293 was also a failure.  Transferred the Mongol capital from Karakorum to Peking.
  7. 7. Under the Rule of Kublai Khan  Introduced the Mongol customs in China and at the same time the Mongols assimilated themselves to the Chinese culture.  Established a government with institutions resembling the ones in earlier Chinese dynasties and made reforms to maintain his centralized rule.  Centralized the government of China and made himself an absolute monarch.  Made Dadu, which is present-day Beijing, the capital of Yuan.  Made Shangdu the summer capital.  Improved the agriculture of China, extending the Grand Canal, highways, and public granaries. The agricultural techniques used were superior to those of the previous dynasties and food output increased.
  8. 8.  Linked China to the east and west which brought in further influx of various religious and cultural influences.  Supported the Silk Road trade network, allowing the contacts between Chinese technologies and the western ones.  Promoted science and restored the schools, invited scholars, scientists, and artists to his court.  Promoted religion and tolerated all foreign religions and welcomed their missionaries.  Christianity  Islam  Buddhism  Carried on diplomatic relations with the Vatican and the Western nations.  Issued paper banknotes (made from mulberry bark paper) known as Chao. The use of paper currency stimulated the development of commerce.  Marco Polo described his rule as benevolent: relieving the populace of taxes in times of hardships; building hospitals and orphanages; distributing food among the abjectly poor.
  9. 9.  Marco Polo A Venetian traveler. A good friend of Kublai Khan. Worked as an envoy for Kublai Khan. Messenger to the Western world. Told the story of his travels in a book entitled The Travels of Marco Polo.  Catapulted the historical epoch called the "Age of Discovery and Exploration".      father Arrival of Marco Polo and his and uncle at the court of Kublai Khan at Peking.
  10. 10. Contributions to China & to the World  Paper money  Magnetic compass  Blue & white porcelain
  11. 11.  Guns  Hand cannon  Gunpowder  Landscape painting  Four Great Painters:  Huang Gongwang  Ni Zan  Wu Zhen  Wang Meng
  12. 12.  Theatre  Opera  Music  Decimal numbers
  13. 13. Thank you! Yuan Dynasty: China's History Pumar, Korinna Kim S.

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