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S.A.L.T. S.A.L.T.Grass cut and graze Grass cut and graze S.A.L.T. S.A.L.T. Grass cut and grazeGrass cut and graze S.A.L.T. S.A.L.T. Grass cut and grazeGrass cut and graze S.A.L.T. Grass cut and graze S.A.L.T. Grass cut and graze
Green HouseLivestock Bulati Bulati Potting House Nursery Bulati Rest Room Green House Bulati
opRi s ce cr EM Trials an rn ttu ot ce Co BeRoLe Control Aloha Raised Bed 1m X 10 m 1 kilo Bokashi Kilo = tons 1 kilo Bokashi, 1 kilo minerals 2 kilo Bokashi, 1 kilo minerals 3 kilo Bokashi, 1 kilo minerals X X 1 kilo Bokashi, 2 kilo minerals X X X 2 kilo Bokashi, 2 kilo mineralsX X X 3 kilo Bokashi, 2 kilo minerals 3 kilo Bokashi, 3 kilo minerals 4 kilo Bokashi, 3 kilo minerals
We Practice and Teach The 10 Fundamentals• Crop Rotation • Mulching• Legume Usage • Cover• Companion Cropping Planting • Minimal• Composting Tillage• Green • Insect Habitat Fertilizers Integrated Livestock
Traditional Agriculture Modern Theory of Fertility Urea 46-0-0 pH 7.0 is neutralChemicals•Pollute the environment Ap pH 6.0-7.0 p•They Acidify the soil ly Good for d ire •Lower nutrient uptake Most Ag ctl•Kill beneficial insects yt o•Kill beneficial microbes th e•Consumes humus so il H+ H+ H H+ + Feed the H + H + H+ H + H+ Plant H+ H + H+ H+ Only H+ H H+ H+ + Very Acidic pH 4.5 - 3.5
Traditional Agriculture Modern Theory of Fertility Urea 46-0-0 N-P-K 46% Ammonium nitrogenChemicals•Pollute the environment•They Acidify the soil •Lower nutrient uptake•Kill beneficial insects 50kilo x 46% = 23kilo “N”•Kill beneficial microbes•Consumes humus Feed the Plant Only
Traditional Agriculture Modern Theory of Fertility Urea 2-2-27-7-7 complete 14-14-14 pH 7.0 is neutralChemicals•Pollute the environment Ap pH 6.0-7.0 p•They Acidify the soil ly Good for d ire •Lower nutrient uptake Most Ag ctl•Kill beneficial insects yt o•Kill beneficial microbes th e•Consumes humus so il H+ H+ H H+ + Feed the H + H + H+ H + H+ Plant H+ H + H+ H+ Only H+ H H+ H+ + Very Acidic pH 4.5 - 3.5
Traditional Agriculture Modern Theory of Fertility Urea Million-million-million 2-2-27-7-7 1,000-1,000-1,000 complete 14-14-14 pH 7.0 is neutralChemicals•Pollute the environment Ap pH 6.0-7.0 p•They Acidify the soil ly Good for d ire •Lower nutrient uptake Most Ag ctl•Kill beneficial insects yt o•Kill beneficial microbes th e•Consumes humus so il H+ H+ H H+ + Feed the H + H + H+ H + H+ Plant H+ H + H+ H+ Only H+ H H+ H+ + Very Acidic pH 4.5 - 3.5
Traditional Agriculture Modern Theory of FertilityWhere does the acid come from? H+ Rain Water Nitrogen fertilizers Phosphates
Traditional Agriculture Modern Theory of Fertility Urea Urea 7-7-7 14-14-14 pH 7.0 is neutralChemicals ApPollute environment pH 6.0-7.0 p lyAcidify soil Good for d ireLower nutrient uptake Most Ag ctlKill beneficial insects yt oKill beneficial th emicrobes so ilAluminum poisons soil H+ Al H+ H H+ Al Al + H + Al AlAl - Aluminum is the most abundant Al H+ H+ element in the earth’s crustH + H+ Al Al Al Al (7.5%) Al H + H + Al Al H+ H+ Al Harmless in Neutral soil Al Al H+ H+ Al Al Al Al Toxic AL3+ cations increase and + H Very Acidic pH 3.5-4.5 disturb root growth and function Al H+ Al Al Al Al Al
photosynthesis Plant growth sugar40%-50% sugarMicrobial growth pH 6.0-7.0 H + Good for Most Ag
Dolomite Magnesium carbonate MgCO3 22% Calcium carbonate CaCO3 32% 40%-50% sugar Limestone Microbial growth Sea Shells Egg shellsMg++ Coral H+ pH 6.0-7.0 Mg++ Good for Most Ag Mg++ Mg++ Mg++
"Patches", The Air Force C-123 that took the most enemy ground fire of any aircraft flying herbicide missions in Vietnam (U.S. Air force Photo) Agent Orange• Agent Orange was the code name for a herbicide developed for the military, primarily for use in tropical climates. Although the genesis of the product goes back to the 1940s, serious testing for military applications did not begin until the early 1960s.The purpose of the product was to deny an enemy cover and concealment in dense terrain by defoliating trees and shrubbery where the enemy could hide.• The product "Agent Orange" (a code name for the orange band that was used to mark the drums it was stored in, was principally effective against broad-leaf foliage, such as the dense jungle-like terrain found in Southeast Asia.The product was tested in Vietnam in the early 1960s, and brought into ever widening use during the height of the war (1967-68), though its use was diminished and eventually discontinued in 1971.• Agent Orange was a 50-50 mix of two chemicals, known conventionally as 2,4,D and 2,4,5,T. The combined product was mixed with kerosene or diesel fuel and dispersed by aircraft, vehicle, and hand spraying. An estimated 19 million gallons of Agent Orange were used in South Vietnam during the war.• The earliest health concerns about Agent Orange were about the products contamination with TCDD, or dioxin. TCDD is one of a family of dioxins, some found in nature, and are cousins of the dibenzofurans and pcbs.The TCDD found in Agent Orange is thought to be harmful to man. In laboratory tests on animals, TCDD has caused a wide variety of diseases, many of them fatal. TCDD is not found in nature, but rather is a man-made and always unwanted byproduct of the chemical manufacturing process. The Agent Orange used in Vietnam was later found to be extremely contaminated with TCDD. Dow and Monsanto were sued and paid claims.
Eye Additional Symptoms of Aspartameblindness in one or both eyes Chest Toxicity include the most criticaldecreased vision and/or other eye palpitations, tachycardia symptoms of allproblems such as: shortness of breath deathblurring, bright flashes, squiggly lines, recent high blood pressure irreversible brain damagetunnel vision, decreased night vision birth defects, including mentalpain in one or both eyes Gastrointestinal retardationdecreased tears nausea peptic ulcerstrouble with contact lenses diarrhea, sometimes with blood in stools aspartame addiction and increasedbulging eyes abdominal pain craving for sweets pain when swallowing hyperactivity in childrenEar severe depressiontinnitus - ringing or buzzing sound Skin and Allergies aggressive behaviorsevere intolerance of noise itching without a rash suicidal tendenciesmarked hearing impairment lip and mouth reactions hives Aspartame may trigger, mimic, or causeNeurologic aggravated respiratory allergies such as the following illnesses:epileptic seizures asthma Chronic Fatigue Syndromeheadaches, migraines and (some severe) Epstein-Barrdizziness, unsteadiness, both Endocrine and Metabolic Post-Polio Syndromeconfusion, memory loss, both loss of control of diabetes Lyme Diseasesevere drowsiness and sleepiness menstrual changes Grave’s Diseaseparesthesia or numbness of the limbs marked thinning or loss of hair Meniere’s Diseasesevere slurring of speech marked weight loss Alzheimer’s Diseasesevere hyperactivity and restless legs gradual weight gain ALSatypical facial pain aggravated low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) Epilepsysevere tremors severe PMS Multiple Sclerosis (MS) EMSPsychological/Psychiatric Other Hypothyroidismsevere depression frequency of voiding and burning during Mercury sensitivity from Amalgamirritability urination fillingsaggression excessive thirst, fluid retention, leg swelling, Fibromyalgiaanxiety and bloating Lupuspersonality changes increased susceptibility to infection non-Hodgkinsinsomnia Lymphomaphobias Attention Deficit Disor Aspartame side effects
Food miles On average, food travels between 2,500 km (1,500) to 4,000 km (2,500 miles) every time that it is delivered to the consumer.Become a localvoreShakey’s Pizza: 1,984 km Ditchay’s: 271 km Aloha House: 2 km
Adsorbtion•Colloids are the smallest particles of soil orOrganic Matter•Colloids are a docking station for cationsthrough Adsorbtion•They are released through microbial activity•Certain fungi accompanied by rootlets willrelease these nutrients through weak acid Root hairs and microbesexudates Na+ Mg++ Symbiotic Colloid Ca++ K+
LUZON A R EAMetro ManilaH arbest Agribusiness C orp. Mr. Arsenio Barcelona Tel. N os.: 671-74-11 to 14 #5 R osemarie Lane, Brgy. Kapitolyo Pasig C ityC ostales N ature Farm Mr. R onald C ostales C P#: (0917)539-3080 Brgy. Gagalot Majayjay, LagunaMatluck Enterprises Mr. Butch Montaño Tel. N os.: 774-8498 #1014 D on Bartolome Baretto St., Phase 6 C P#: (0928)2723873 Fax N o.: 842-6548 BF H omes, Muntinlupa CityPangasinanMr. Eliezar Migallon Mr. Eliezar Migallon C P#: (0915)948-5828 Asansur, Sison, PangasinanMr. Frederick Lagmay Mr. Frederick Lagmay (0912)750-5791IsabelaMesa Verde Farm Engr. Felixberto Maramba C P#: (0917)845-2359 Bo. Luzon, Cabanatuan IsabelaMr. R ufino A. Guellermo Mr. R ufino A. Guellermo C P#: (0917)578-0259 Purok 2 Marasap Grande, San Mateo, IsabelaPalawanAloha H ouse, Inc. Mr. Keith O. Mikkelson Telefax: (048)434-6011 #777 Mitra Road, Brgy. Sta. Monica Ms. Let Cuya C P#: (0917)553-0306 Puerto Princesa C ity 5300 Palaw an VISAYA S A R EASangkay Multi-purpose C oop Mr. Peter Quiminales Land Line: (053)523-2371 C P#: (0908)558-9110 LEYTEIloilo CityMr. Edmund Andrada Mr. Edmund Andrada C P#: (0918)920-6339 Jaro, Iloilo CityD umaguete C ity3GS TR AD IN G Ms. Edith D y or Ms. Arlene C P#: (0926)937-9132 #56 Bldg.2 Public Market, R eal St. D umaguete C ity, N egros OrientalN egros OccidentalMr. Edgar dela Cruz, Jr. Mr. Edgar dela C ruz, Jr. Tel.# (034)312-6436 Gold St. Teachers Village, San C arlos C ity C P#: (0919)402-5798 N egros Occidental MIN DA N A O A READ avao C ityYoshida Farms Mr. Mario Yoshida Tel. N os.: (082)297-2925 / 185 Paseo D el C armen St., Monte Maria Ms. Per Salvador Fax N o.: (082)297-0344 Village, Catalunan Grande, D avao C ityGC DC Marketing Mr. D anny C ayamanda C P#: (0917)701-1226 C atalunan Grande, D avao C ityAxiom Enterprises Mr. Philip Ang C P#: (0920)961-5110 Lt.13 Blk.11 West Fullerton St. R obinsons H ighland Subd.C agayan D e Oro C ity Buhangin, Davao C ityC had Marketing Ms. Lilia Q. Putis C P#: (0920)910-2082 1222 U ranus St., Sunrise Village Mr. Mario Putis Zone Kansw agan, C agayan de Oro CityZam boanga City Misamis OrientalGolden Boys Sports Grill Mr. Lynill M. Leyson C P#: (0916)627-1858 N uñez Extn, Zambonga C ity
Three aspects of soil fertility g tin es nStart an aggressive biological program o il T tio . S tura .C a y Test and balance your soil .E e S C s or e Ba s Th ion Dr. Use natural minerals m izat T ea on Dr. iro Hi Ba Ba R fI Green Ifertilizers ngr ga O t lth ch llan Mr. an am e l br ho d ea Ch Composts ce ce o A et lh M dN dN Bokashi bi a Humus uttr ur cr o iien from en Mi Organic matter tts s Good Soil Structure/Texture
Program Costs Microbial health Least expensive - Inoculate Balanced Nutrients Moderate expense - test l) (ch ica and apply e og miGood Soil Structure ol Develop ca humus from i (bMost expensive - l) organic matterImport sand/clay (mechanical)
Sustainable Agriculture Ancient Inoculation Method World Agriculture 169,783,000,000 Kilos Chemical Fertilizers 1,540,572,000 Hectares
Sustainable Agriculture Common Origin Common Methods Dr. Tero UnscientificHan Kyu Cho Higa PhD “Foreign microbes”
THE POLK SYSTEMHistory of the SiloA long time ago, even before man had become accustomedto settled agricultural life, the primitive farmers wereguessing at the secret of the silo. A "pit" was first used as areceptacle for dry grain. The Greeks called such a pit "siros"and the Spanish have a word "ensilar" meaning to store grain ina pit. From these two words comes our term "ensilage." TheRoman farmers stored green forage in air-tight pits and fed the"silage" to their stock. That was two-thousand years ago.1780 - The Swedish pharmacist CW Scheele had already discovered lactic acid in 1780 and theconversion of carbohydrates into lactic acid had been known for ages in food preservation (eg Sauerkraut)or agriculture (silage fermentation). Because of the activity of Boehringer the German companyBoehringer-Ingelheim can be regarded as the pioneer of industrial biotechnology.
2000 BC - Derived from wild grasses, the oat progressed into todayscultivated plant. The oldest known oat grains were found in Egyptianremains from about 2000 BC. Scottish settlers introduced oats intoNorth America in the early 17th century. Before being used as a foodfor humans, oats were used as a livestock feed in the form ofgrain, pasture, hay, or silage.
6,000 years ago…Noah, a man of the soil, planted a vinyard… …he drank some of it’s wine…
Silage Pioneer® inoculant 11CFT is a revolutionary new corn- specific inoculant. It contains a novel strain of Lactobacillus Lactobacillus buchneri which produces fibre-digesting enzymes as it replicates in silage. 11CFT enhances aerobic stability, fibre digestibility, dry matter intake and animal performance.maBarn Silo
Old Time U.S. InoculationHeat inwinter Straw Bedding
Old Time U.S. InoculationInoculated Straw Bedding
1994 Korean Natural Farming Associationapproved by Japanese Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (July 18, 1994) Published Natural Farming by Hankyu Cho (in Korean) Published Utilization of Indigenous Micro-organism (in Japanese) Started publishing Natural Farming Magazine 1967 Founded Less Labor and High Yield Farming Club 1986 Changed name to Korean Natural Farming Center 1993 Korea-Japan Natural Farming Exchange Association established in Japan 1997 Established Natural Farming InstituteNatural Farming InstituteMister Han Kyu Cho
Natural Farming pursues harmony with nature based on the law of nature three spirits : water, air, heat two heats : heat from sky heat from ground three bodies : sky, earth, air Soil and philosophy ⁄ religion Soil has continuously influenced philosophy and religion throughout the world. For example, in ancient Japan, there were many spirits associated with soil (Chamberlain 1973). The famous Outer Shrine of Ise includes separate shrines (betsugu) to the soil and wind. From a modern (scientific) perspective, these shrines are the forerunners of soil science and meteorology.
Practices soil preparation with hand tools and carabao Lim’s Natural FarmingDo not use herbicidesDo not use pesticides.No tilling. Minimal TillageNo artificial heating. PCARRD Message BoardUse natural agro-resources. “Heres the recipe we teach… 50% IMO food (recipe above)Use the historical nutrients of the 25% rice bran D1endosperm of seeds. 25% commercial pig food”Maximize the inborn potential.Zero emission of livestock Minimal Wastewastewater, odor and solid waste
Korean Natural Farming Microbial Inoculants - Indigenous Micro organisms (IMO) - Fermented Plant Juice ( FPJ) - Fermented Fruit Juice ( FFJ) - Lactic Acid Bacteria ( LAB) - Oriental Herbal Nutrients (OHN) Herb Hormone - Fermented Fish Amino Acid ( FAA) - Water soluble calcium ( WCA) - Water soluble calcium phosphate Filter and spray (WSCP) Foliar Fertilizers Dilute 100:1Bamboo White Rice Whole Raw Sugar " .......... If you learn and practice natural farming today I.M.O. , you can get more knowledge and skill , it make you feel very happy............ "
1 kilo uncooked rice = approx 2 kilos cooked rice+ 1.5 liters molasses + water ngi, actinomycetesYield = 3 liters mold, fu Rice 30 Molasses 60 90/3 liters P30/liter
Mokichi Okada (1882-1955) The father of Nature Farming MOA 為英文 Mokichi Okada Association 的縮寫 1970’s Yamagishi Miozo Dr. Tero Higa Shibada Genji EM1 Oinoue Yasushi現任會長仍為創始人趙漢珪先生，所推行的自然農法法則（三氣：水氣、熱氣、空氣；二熱：天熱、地熱；三體：天體、地體、氣體），乃是他在過去半世紀中，師法聖經 Mister Han Kyu Cho Kyusei Nature Farming、自然、四建會及良知，並赴日本向山岸巳代蔵 Korean Natural Farming (save earth) Association KNF 1935“Shibada Genji The True Meaning of Enzymes.” KNF 1986 Kyusei Gil Carandang, Andry Lim International “Oinoue Yasushi The Theory of New Cultivation Technology” Training Center THAILAND“Natural Farming is a very elaborate,complicated and precise method ... ” Han Kyu Cho Keith Mikkelson KNF Keith’s Natural Farming
1882-1955 Mokichi Okada 1930’s - K.N.F. Kyusei Nature Farming The main theme of Kyusei Nature Farming is to practice an IDEAL AGRICULTURE. TAKE OF THE EARTH ONLY WHAT YOU CAN RETURN AGAIN! The five principles of ideal agriculture as advocated by Kyusei Nature Farming are: 1. It produces safe and nutritious food to enhance human health. 2. It is economically and spiritually beneficial to both producers (farmers) and consumers. 3. It is sustainable and easily practiced by everyone. 4. It conserves our environment. 5. It produces sufficient food of high quality for an expanding world population. The philosophy and practice of Nature Farming arose from Mokichi Okadas research, in the 1930s and 1940s. He discovered that if our agricultural methods respect the soil and enhance its innate power, then our food will always be rich in natural energy and will nourish and support our health. Human beings can thrive only by living in harmony with Nature. Foreseeing the agricultural situation in 1935, Mokichi Okada presented the ideals of Kyusei Nature Farming, which have contributed significantly to the organic agriculture and nature farming movements in Japan today.In the 1980s, Prof. Dr. Teruo Higa introduced the concept of Effective Micro organisms(EM) to Kyusei Nature Farming. Regular scientific conferences on Nature Farming.
1905 to 1924 Indore Compost System•British botanist Sir Albert Howard is oftenreferred to as the father of modern organic agriculture.•He considered his methods “Nature Farming”, a completephiliosophy of natural farm management.•From 1905 to 1924, agricultural adviser in Bengal, India,where he documented traditional Indian farming practices,found them as superior to his conventional agriculture science.Developed “Indore Compost” system.•His research and further development of these methods isrecorded in his 1940 book, An Agricultural Testament, whichinfluenced many scientists and farmers of the day.
KNFMicrobial Inoculants “Kimchi Farming” - Indigenous Micro organisms (IMO) Fungi, molds w/ actinomycetes - Fermented Plant Juice ( FPJ) Phototrosynthetic Bacteria - Fermented Fruit Juice ( FFJ) - Lactic Acid Bacteria ( LAB) Chop rapidly growing green shoots early morning (banana etc.) Whole Raw Sugar
Capture and Culture Technology Clay JarsForest Products Whole Raw Sugar
Putrifaction“Natural Farming is a very elaborate,complicated and precise method ... ” Han Kyu Cho
“Kimchi Farming” Microbial Inoculants - Indigenous Micro organisms (IMO) Fungi, molds w/ actinomycetes - Fermented Plant Juice ( FPJ) Phototrosynthetic bacteria - Fermented Fruit Juice ( FFJ) Wild Yeast - Lactic Acid Bacteria ( LAB) Yeast + sugar = CO2 + Alcohol > vinegarFFJ = ripe fruitsFPJ = young shoots Chopped ripe tropical fruits J FF Whole Raw Sugar
Keith Mikkelson“Natural Farming is a very elaborate,complicated and precise method ... ” Han Kyu Cho
Microbial Inoculants “Kimchi Farming” - Indigenous Micro organisms (IMO) Mold, Fungi w/ actinomycetes - Fermented Plant Juice ( FPJ) Phototroph - Fermented Fruit Juice ( FFJ) Yeast - Lactic Acid Serum ( LAS) Lactic Acid Bacteria LAB + sugar = CO2 + Lactic acid Ferment rice wash 7 days in clay jarAdd raw milk and sugar - 7 days later decanter clearer fluids L.A.S. Whole Raw Sugar
KNF Inoculation Best Results: Cocktail Mold, Fungi w/ Wild YeastDilution Rate 1:250 E.M.1® actinomycetes Lactic Acid BacteriaKNF 60 ml Phototrosynthetic bacteria Mold, Fungi w/ Wild Yeast actinomycetesPhototrosynthetic Lactic Acid Bacteria Bacteria EM $Tablespoon 15 ml 4 gallons X 3.8 L/g = 15 Liters 15 Liters = 15,000 ml /100= 150 ml
Growing rich, tasty veggies in harmony with nature Jef Van Haute D’Wheelbarrow Farm, Silang, Cavite“…list of many microbes…put together theses microbes form aformula called E.M. (Effective Microorganisms), which is alsoavailable on the market, but at a rather high price.”
For All Inoculation Programs gi w/What to Spray: M old, Fun tes yce•Leaves actinom•Trunks W il d Y e a st•Fruits cteria•Soil Lactic Acid Ba•Roots Phototros ynthetic•Compost b a c t e r ia•Cement•Bedding•Walkways•Barns•Livestock•Odor control•Human safe•Children that smell
Over 1/2 hectare or 1 acre: Consider Power Sprayer
When to Spray: Late Afternoon Early morning After rain Weekly to startLater, maybe monthly
Dr. Hiro Higa found a way to make the best microbes dormant
In Japan Dr. Hiro Higa studied the soil microbial relationshipsanaerobic organisms Photosynthetic bacteria (aerobic + anaerobic) Reduces offensive smell, composes the nutrients for other beneficial microorganisms
Yeast, mold and fungi (aerobic)Promote growth of plants, produce hormones, break down cellulose
In Japan Dr. Hiro Higa studied the soil microbial relationshipsLactic acid bacteria (anaerobic)Lactic acid keeps harmful microorganisms away, preserves
Overview• Microbial inoculant• 100+ species of beneficial microorganisms• Safe to use U.S. Dept. Ag. – GRAS Generally Recognized As Safe• OMRI listed – Status A Organic Materials Review Institute• 116 countries including USA & European countries• For crop production, poultry & livestock production, industrial and community waste management, aquaculture