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Bio Char 2
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Bio Char 2

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How we make carbonized rice hull

How we make carbonized rice hull

Published in: Self Improvement
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  • 1. Biochar Keith Mikkelson [email_address]
  • 2. Terra Preta Dark Earth Amazonian Dark Earths "Terra Preta de Indio" Indian Black Earth is the local name for certain dark earths in the Brazilian Amazon region. These dark earths occur in several countries in South America and Europe and Eastern USA. In the Amazon it was created by pre-Columbian Indians from 500 to 2500 years B.P. and abandoned after the invasion of Europeans.
  • 3. Terra Preta <ul><li>Typically, the ability of soils to retain cations in an exchangeable and thus plant-available form (cation exchange capacity [CEC]) increases in proportion to the amount of soil organic matter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biochar has an even greater ability than other soil organic matter to adsorb cations per unit carbon due to its greater surface area, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>greater negative surface charge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>greater charge density </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biochar appears to be able to strongly adsorb phosphate , even though it is an anion, although the mechanism for this process is not fully understood. </li></ul><ul><li>These properties make biochar a unique substance, retaining exchangeable and therefore plant-available nutrients in the soil, and offering the possibility of improving crop yields while decreasing environmental pollution by nutrients considerably </li></ul>Radically transforms soils I.R.R.I. PhilRice
  • 4. Terra Preta sites in Brazil
  • 5. Industrial Biochar
  • 6. Site <ul><li>Rice Hull </li></ul><ul><li>Open Area </li></ul><ul><li>Not too windy </li></ul><ul><li>Access for truck deliveries </li></ul><ul><li>Exhaust won’t disturb people or livestock </li></ul><ul><li>4 Low Tech Methods to Making Biochar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Rice Hull (Ipa) Piles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stoves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Furnace ovens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drum </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>Cooking charcoal </li></ul><ul><li>as a by-product </li></ul>
  • 8. CRH Production <ul><li>Start core fire with wood </li></ul>This starting wood will also turn to charcoal if you do not use a metal vent device
  • 9.  
  • 10. CRH Production <ul><li>Start core fire with wood </li></ul><ul><li>Add rice hull to smother </li></ul>
  • 11.  
  • 12. Venting Venting
  • 13. Vent Vent optional: Accelerates pyrolysis Not required
  • 14. CRH Production <ul><li>Start core fire with wood </li></ul><ul><li>Add rice hull to smother </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for venting </li></ul>
  • 15. Check every hour or two…
  • 16. Smother vents
  • 17. Smother vents
  • 18. CRH Production <ul><li>Start core fire with wood </li></ul><ul><li>Add rice hull to smother </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for venting </li></ul><ul><li>Smother blackened hulls </li></ul>
  • 19. CRH Production <ul><li>Start core fire with wood </li></ul><ul><li>Add rice hull to smother </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for venting </li></ul><ul><li>Smother blackened hulls </li></ul>Go as long as you want, just remember you need water to harvest!
  • 20. Extinguish
  • 21. Use Water
  • 22. HARVESTING <ul><li>Start core fire with wood </li></ul><ul><li>Add rice hull to smother </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for venting </li></ul><ul><li>Smother blackened hulls </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest by spraying water through pile </li></ul>Completely extinguish or it burns to ash. We want charcoal not ash!
  • 23. Use Water
  • 24. Wood Uling
  • 25.  
  • 26. High Grade C.R.H.
  • 27. Rice Hull Stove
  • 28.  
  • 29. Rice Hull Furnace/oven
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32. USES <ul><li>Potting soil </li></ul><ul><li>Bokashi </li></ul><ul><li>Soil amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock bedding </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock feed </li></ul><ul><li>Bokashi Bombs </li></ul><ul><li>(Mud Balls) </li></ul><ul><li>Vermiculture Feedstock </li></ul><ul><li>(They produce a natural pelletized Terra Preta) </li></ul>
  • 33. Universal Mix 1/4 Soil 1/4 Sand 1/4 Vermicast 1/4 Uling na ipa
  • 34. Inoculation Comparison <ul><li>Takes advanced management and time </li></ul><ul><li>No guarantee of results </li></ul><ul><li>Cultures can have contamination </li></ul><ul><li>P 60/ backpack sprayer </li></ul><ul><li>Simple management </li></ul><ul><li>Little time </li></ul><ul><li>Guaranteed results </li></ul><ul><li>Cultures will be pure </li></ul><ul><li>P 1/ backpack sprayer </li></ul>
  • 35.  
  • 36. Transplant Shock Wasted Space
  • 37. <ul><li>Soil Blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Save space </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize transplant shock </li></ul>
  • 38.  
  • 39.  
  • 40.  
  • 41.  
  • 42. Direct seed in blocks
  • 43.  
  • 44. Home Made Soil Blocker
  • 45.  
  • 46. 4&quot; PVC w/ wood plug
  • 47.  
  • 48.  
  • 49.  
  • 50. Soil amendment
  • 51. Builds rich soil
  • 52. <ul><li>Bokashi </li></ul>CRH best carbon source for Bokashi!
  • 53. BOKASHI: Fermented Rice Hull Charcoal (CRH, EM, molasses, rice bran or copra meal or manure) CRH best carbon source for Bokashi!

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