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Top Harvest Vermicast Production
 

Top Harvest Vermicast Production

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Bedding, feedstock and design with proper culturing through moisture management

Bedding, feedstock and design with proper culturing through moisture management

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    Top Harvest Vermicast Production Top Harvest Vermicast Production Presentation Transcript

    • VERMICULTURE in the Tropics • VERMI is Latin for “bulati” or worm • Make sure you have composting worms (Epigeic), “manure worms” like: 1. Red wiggler, Tiger, Indian blue 2. Best for tropics: African night-crawler Soil dwelling (Anecic) worms will not survive in compost. They live vertically in burrows and eat through soil. Compost worms do not survive in soil for long, they need high concentrations of organic matter Endogeic worms build complex lateral burrow systems through all layers of the upper mineral soil. These worms rarely come to the surface.
    • Soil dwelling (Anecic) composting worms (Epigeic) Liveverticallyinburrowsandeatthroughsoil do not survive in soil for long, they need high concentrations of organic matter live horizontally Endogeic
    • Vermicast is the enriched fertilizer left on the surface from the earthworm’s digestive processes while eating the feedstock 100% pure vermicast
    • Vermicast close up Vermiculture: The AfricanVermiculture: The African Night crawler produces aNight crawler produces a natural pelletized fertilizernatural pelletized fertilizerNaturally Pelletized Deposited on the surface so you don’t need to screen No Screening 100% pure vermicast
    • Vermi Uses • Soil amendment • Potting soil • Live Bulati Sales
    • • Potting soil
    • Universal MixUniversal Mix 1/4 Soil1/4 Soil 1/4 Sand1/4 Sand 1/4 Vermicast1/4 Vermicast 1/4 Uling na ipa1/4 Uling na ipa
    • Potting cups Solder iron Re-use plastic
    • No TransplantNo Transplant ShockShock
    • Chinampas in Xochimilco
    • The "floating gardens", actually an artificial peninsula.
    • Mucking for blocks Chinampero scooping up canal muck.
    • Chinampero, or canal farmer, poking holes and dropping seeds in his soil blocks. Most men are Aztec descendants and have continued on today the craft of canal farming. However, fewer and fewer families are sustained with their farms, due to the drainage of the shallow lake basin to make room for buildings and resorts.
    • QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    • Definition of Chinampas: An artificial island, or A long, narrow strip of farm land surrounded on at least three sides by water. Properly maintained, they can produce several crops a year and will remain fertile for centuries without having to lie fallow. Each Chinampa is 300 feet long and between 15-30 feet wide(and any size with this proportion). The surface of the garden is a 2-3 feet above the water and is topped every year with the sediment found at the bottom of the water canal that surrounds it.
    • Management Principal 1 1. Feedstock - use composted or EM aged manures, fermented kitchen waste or aerobic composts Cover new beds with a coco lumber sawdust mulch or straw mulch to prevent ants from infecting bed
    • QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    • Bokashi Production Vermi Bokashi • Mix 2 sacks manure 1 sack sawdust or wet dayami • Add EM/molasses 150ml ea. diluted in 3.0 liters water • Remix materials • Add 20-40 L water for 30-40% moisture content Cow Manure Saw dust Cow Manure Mol EM
    • 2. Air - O2 - oxygen is needed • do not allow compaction • 0.4-meter max depth allows air to exchange • use fork to aerate bed weekly Management Principal 2
    • Small hand rakeSmall hand rakeSmall hand rakeSmall hand rake
    • Large rakeLarge rakeLarge rakeLarge rake
    • Management Principal 3 • 3. Bedding/structure- Contained in a vessel, box, plastic container or a drum. A cover or roof is required for regulating moisture. Surface area is the limiting factor, not depth of substrates. Keep protected from predators. • Compacted soil or cement flooring is good • More than 40cm depth is not beneficial as the worms compete for surface area not depth, plus compaction limits their activity.
    • Hollow Block
    • PrecastPrecast CementCement
    • C.I.B.C.I.B.
    • Manure Catchment
    • Vermiculture
    • Containers Drums Pails Boxes Tires
    • Hardiflex Coco Lumber
    • Materials Schematic 70 cm 70 cm 60 cm20 cm 20 cm
    • 70 cm 8 ft
    • 4. Water4. Water -- after aeration get moisture between 50%-80%after aeration get moisture between 50%-80% Management Principal 4Management Principal 4
    • 4. Water4. Water -- Sprayer heads can be installedSprayer heads can be installed
    • Tumble Harvest Bait Harvest •To harvest Vermicast: you can run the entire bed to completion in 2 - 3 months. You then hand separate, table harvest, bait harvest or sort with tumbler. Table Harvest You loose your eggs and only recycle your adults- 6 week delay for your replacement stocks that you sell at P500/K
    • 30% vermicast 70% glorified cow manure vermicompost
    • Tumble Harvest Bait Harvest Table Harvest You loose your eggs 100% pure vermicast Top Harvest Method vs. Complete Bed Harvest 30% vermicast 70% glorified cow manure vermicompost
    • T.H.M. Pure Vermicast Harvesting • We use the weekly Top Harvest Method. With T.H.M. you are able to harvest the vermicasts each week without disturbing the worms.This promotes better breeding and propagation • THM with African Night crawlers yields 10 liters vermicast/m2/ week • Just gather with finger or rake action the finished pure vermicasts from the surface of the bed. The worms will avert your activity and burrow deeper down while you take the finished casts from on top. The top is where the African night- crawler leaves its “tae”. No need to Screen! No need to Screen!
    • 100% pure vermicast
    • THM Top Harvest Method Rain protected container
    • First Feedstocking Fill bed with manure, Kitchen waste, vegetables 30% moisture Mulch surface to prevent ants and flies
    • First Feedstocking Wait 2 weeks Then add bulati - worms Increase to 50%-80% MC
    • First Worm Stock Wait 2 -3 weeks Then harvest when castings accumulate
    • First Harvest Harvest every week Or 2 inches
    • Aerate, Water and Wait
    • Next Harvest Every week Or 2 inches
    • Aerate, Water and Wait
    • Next Harvest Every week Or 2 inches
    • Refill Move to one side
    • Refill Move to one side Old beddingNew bedding
    • Worms move in Old beddingNew bedding
    • Worms move in Old beddingNew bedding
    • Harvesting ToolsHarvesting Tools •20 Liter pails20 Liter pails •1/2 gallon scoop1/2 gallon scoop •Vermicast rakeVermicast rake •Hand fork orHand fork or Large forkLarge fork Harvesting ToolsHarvesting Tools •20 Liter pails20 Liter pails •1/2 gallon scoop1/2 gallon scoop •Vermicast rakeVermicast rake •Hand fork orHand fork or Large forkLarge fork Step by Step
    • Withhold water 2 daysWithhold water 2 days prior to harvestingprior to harvesting Withhold water 2 daysWithhold water 2 days prior to harvestingprior to harvesting
    • 8.4 M X •6.5 pales •130 L 8.4 M X •6.5 pales •130 L 96 cm = 8 M2 X 20 Liters / 8 M2 = 16 L/M2 = 130 L 1 2 3 4 5 6 6.5 The Weekly Harvest
    • Bed Date Volume (L) /area L/M 2 In A September 2, 2008 100.0 8.4 11.9 B September 2, 2008 100.0 5.5 18.2 C September 2, 2008 80.0 5.4 14.8 D September 2, 2008 60.0 2.5 24.0 E September 2, 2008 60.0 2.4 25.0 F September 2, 2008 80.0 4.0 20.0 G September 2, 2008 80.0 5.2 15.4 A September 11, 2008 100.0 8.4 11.9 B September 11, 2008 100.0 5.5 18.2 C September 11, 2008 80.0 5.4 14.8 D September 11, 2008 60.0 2.5 24.0 B September 15, 2008 60.0 5.5 10.9 C September 15, 2008 40.0 5.4 7.4 B September 18, 2008 40.0 5.5 18.2 A September 24, 2008 90.0 8.4 10.7 C September 24, 2008 20.0 5.4 14.8 Record Keeping Yield 1,190.0 93.8 12.7
    • Vermicast ppm Manganese 110.55 Iron 677.93 Copper 6.45 Zinc 206.00 Fertilizer Analysis NPK % Lbs/1000gal. K/1000L Lbs/ton k/ton Nitrogen(N) 0.51 42.33 5.06 10.2 4.64 Phosphate (P2 O5 ) 0.82 68.37 8.18 16.47 7.49 Potash (K2 O) 0.25 20.64 2.47 4.97 2.26 Aloha House June 2008 Vermicast
    • Small hand rakeSmall hand rakeSmall hand rakeSmall hand rake
    • Small hand rakeSmall hand rakeSmall hand rakeSmall hand rake
    • Large rakeLarge rakeLarge rakeLarge rake
    • Large rakeLarge rakeLarge rakeLarge rake
    • WaterWater -- after aeration get moisture over 60%after aeration get moisture over 60%
    • 1/3 depth Refilling Vermicast Bed
    • Molasses, Water and mulch
    • Worms will migrateWorms will migrate To new feedstockTo new feedstock In 1-2 weeksIn 1-2 weeks
    • Compost + h2o + molasses + air Basic Compost Tea Aquarium Air Pump Avoid anaerobic pockets! Tilt pail to prevent Putrifaction Spacer
    • CirculateCirculate CompostCompost
    • 1/2 Liter Molasses1/2 Liter Molasses 1 L Vermi Compost1 L Vermi Compost 20 L H2O20 L H2O Aquarium Air Pump
    • Whizbang Double Vortex Compost Tea Brewer Clockwise Counter Clockwise Chaos Exchanger Air Pump Collection Point
    • Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC): found in humans, cattle, and goats. Virotype is strain O157:H7, which causes bloody diarrhea without fever. EHEC can cause hemolytic- uremic syndrome and sudden kidney failure and possesses toxin that can elicit an intense inflammatory response. The Giardia parasite lives in the intestine of infected humans or animals. Giardia is found in soil, food, water, or surfaces that have been contaminated with the feces from infected humans or animals. You can become infected after accidentally swallowing the parasite;
    • Pests Ants Rats Moles Shrews Palawan Wild Cats Impatient Farmers who check too much
    • Vermi Problems • Digging too often -Don’t interrupt them • Also avoid placing near vibration, they will evacuate your culture area. • Prevent drying of bed • Standing water is not desirable • Don’t leave raw material on surface, it attracts ants and other pests. Cover with mulch. Any questions?
    • Nutrient Balance ProblemsNutrient Balance Problems • In compost C/NIn compost C/N • Too much carbonToo much carbon • Slow process, seeds andSlow process, seeds and pathogens not eliminatedpathogens not eliminated • Stunted small wormsStunted small worms • Too much nitrogenToo much nitrogen • runs hotruns hot • Fails to maximize carbonFails to maximize carbon surplussurplus • Wasted resourceWasted resource • Kills wormsKills worms • In soil C/N • Too much carbon • Locks up nitrogen, stunts growth Too much nitrogen • Microbial bloom eats storehouse of nutrients in soil (loss of humus)
    • QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    • QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    • Soil CorrectionSoil Correction Batch kilos Kilos Kilos total WEIGHT/ No. scoops per per per No. VOLUME Pails hectare LITER 20L Pail Pails Carbonized hull 1.56 15.63 500.0 0.4 8 63 Livestock Lime 0.38 3.75 300.0 1.0 20 15 Ag Limestone 1.25 12.50 1,000.0 1.0 20 50 Bokashi 0.31 3.13 100.0 0.4 8 13 Gravel dust 2.00 20.00 2,000.0 1.3 25 80 Gypsum 0.69 6.94 500.0 0.9 12.5 40 Mineral Mix scoops Pails x4 (2 Bag Gypsum) MIX ORDER Carbonized hull 15.00 1.50 6 Gravel dust 1 Livestock Lime 4.00 Ag Limestone 1 Ag Limestone 3.00 1.00 4 Pre-Blended 1 Bokashi 3.00 Carbonized hull 1 Ag Limestone 10.00 1.00 4 Gypsum 0.7 Gravel dust 20.00 2.00 8 Gravel dust 1 Gypsum 7.00 0.70 4 Carbonized hull 1/2 NO GYPSUM Correction scoops Pails MIX ORDER Carbonized hull 1.00 Gravel dust 1 Livestock Lime 2.00 Carbonized hull 1 Carbonized hull 5.00 = 1.00 Blended 1 Bokashi 3.00 Ag Limestone 1 Gravel dust 2.00 Gravel dust 1 Ag Limestone 2.00 Ag Limestone 1
    • Mineral Mix Carbonized hull 24%Livestock Lime 6% Bokashi 5% Ag Limestone 21% Gravel dust 33% Gypsum 11% Carbonized hull Livestock Lime Bokashi Ag Limestone Gravel dust Gypsum
    • Iwahig Carbon ppm 78.84 63.27 2.40 42.91 2,000.00 2,800.00 2,200.00 Manganese Iron Copper Zinc Nitrogen(N) Phosphate (P2O5) Potash (K2O) Carbon ppm Manganese 78.84 Iron 63.27 Copper 2.40 Zinc 42.91 NPK % Nitrogen(N) 2,000.00 0.20 Phosphate (P2 O5 ) 2,800.00 0.28 Potash (K2 O) 2,200.00 0.22
    • Sabang Bat Guano ppm 440.00 5,191.00 36.00 206.00 2,800.00 18,100.00 3,800.00 Manganese Iron Copper Zinc Nitrogen(N) Phosphate (P2O5) Potash (K2O) Bat Gauno ppm Manganese 440.00 Iron 5,191.00 Copper 36.00 Zinc 206.00 NPK % Lbs/1000gal. K/1000L Lbs/ton k/ton Nitrogen(N) 2,800.00 0.28 23.00 2.75 5.54 2.52 Phosphate (P2 O5 ) 18,100.00 1.81 150.00 17.94 36.22 16.46 Potash (K2 O) 3,800.00 0.38 31.00 3.71 7.58 3.45
    • Aloha approx. Potting Volume Weight moisture comments SOIL Liters Kilos content Carbonized hull 200 80 30.0% rained on Sand 200 130 10.0% usually dry Vermicast 200 170 25.0% normal Soil 200 200 25.0% screened Bat gauno 4.0 4 dry dusty Ag. Limestone 2.0 2 dry dusty Bokashi 2.0 1 30.0% moist TOTAL 808 587 Kilos Kilos Kilos approx. WEIGHT/ per per per moisture comments VOLUME LITER 2L Scoop 20L Pail content Iwahig Carbonized hull 0.40 0.8 8.0 30% rained on Const/beach Sand 1.30 2.6 26.0 10.0% usually dry Self Vermicast 0.65 1.3 13.0 25% normal Local Soil 0.85 1.7 17.0 25% screened Timbancaya Bat gauno 1.00 2.0 20.0 dry dusty Pal. Poultry Limestone 1.00 2.0 20.0 dry very dusty Self Bokashi 0.40 0.8 8.0 30% moist New Market Sea Salt 1.10 2.2 22.0 40%? very moist Marcelo Gravel dust 1.25 2.5 25.0 30% rained on Olympic Gypsum 1.00 2.0 20.0 dry dusty
    • Aloha Bokashi ppm 50.99 175.00 3.37 28.17 7,600.00 5,000.00 8,100.00 Manganese Iron Copper Zinc Nitrogen(N) Phosphate (P2O5) Potash (K2O) Bokashi ppm Ca 1.41 Ca/Mg Manganese 50.99 Mg 0.16 8.81 Iron 175.00 Copper 3.37 Zinc 28.17 NPK % Nitrogen(N) 7,600.00 0.76 Phosphate (P 2 O 5 ) 5,000.00 0.50 Potash (K2 O) 8,100.00 0.81
    • Aloha Vermicast ppm 110.55 677.93 6.45 206.00 5,100.00 8,200.00 2,500.00 Manganese Iron Copper Zinc Nitrogen(N) Phosphate (P2O5) Potash (K2O) Bat Gauno ppm Manganese 440.00 Iron 5,191.00 Copper 36.00 Zinc 206.00 NPK % Lbs/1000gal. K/1000L Lbs/ton k/ton Nitrogen(N) 2,800.00 0.28 23.00 2.75 5.54 2.52 Phosphate (P2 O5 ) 18,100.00 1.81 150.00 17.94 36.22 16.46 Potash (K2 O) 3,800.00 0.38 31.00 3.71 7.58 3.45
    • Source Rice hull charcoal you can make Finer crushed powder, faster acting, Calcium Carbonate Aloha All Around Formula from book, any formula is fine Coarser, longer acting, Calcium Carbonate Waste from gravel crushing, Sometimes called Gravel sand Also called Plaster of Paris, found in hardware stores, Calcium Sulphate Mineral Mix 2 1.5 0.4 0.3 3.3 2.0 0.7 Carbonized hull Livestock Lime Bokashi Ag Limestone Gravel dust Gypsum 20 liter Pails Mineral Mix 2 Pails Carbonized hull 1.5 Livestock Lime 0.4 Bokashi 0.3 Ag Limestone 3.3 Gravel dust 2.0 Gypsum 0.7
    • $200.00$200.00
    • 1,500 Watts
    • Aloha Mineral Mix
    • EM Trials Control 1 kilo Bokashi 1 kilo Bokashi, 1 kilo minerals 2 kilo Bokashi, 1 kilo minerals 3 kilo Bokashi, 1 kilo minerals 1 kilo Bokashi, 2 kilo minerals 1 kilo Bokashi, 3 kilo minerals 3 kilo Bokashi, 2 kilo minerals 3 kilo Bokashi, 3 kilo minerals 4 kilo Bokashi, 1 kilo minerals Corn BeansRice RootcropLettuce X X X X X X X X
    • Grows microbes Improves the crop Promotes germination