Asia 845 khmer empire catayas
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Asia 845 khmer empire catayas

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    Asia 845 khmer empire catayas Asia 845 khmer empire catayas Presentation Transcript

    • BY: MERA CATAYAS
    • The Khmer empire was a powerful state in South East Asia lasting from  The official name of the Khmer Empire is
    • The ancient Khmer kings adopted a successful  Being revered as the , the Khmer kings were able to rule over the empire with divine kingship and absolute power
    • Well- chosen strategic location of the Angkor by its founder hampered the attack by its potential enemies which enable its existence for over 6 centuries.
    • Numerous large of • • • • prevent floods over the farmland during the heavy rainfall conserve water storage for use during the dry season.
    • The introduction of in 13th century to the Khmers had turned out to hurt sublimely the basic foundation of the Angkor Empire in the long run.
    • Water become that caused ( like malaria) . There is a that resulted to disrupted the normal water management
    • Because the Khmer Empire had to sustain a large population, the constant farming using fertile soil ultimately led to the such as silt affecting the surplus of food the Khmer people needed.
    • The Khmers were often engaged in warfare with the In fact the Thais in 1431 sacked Angkor and forced the Khmers to work as slaves for them.
    • The Khmer Empire was the largest contiguous empire of South East Asia, based in what is now The name derives from the French which comes from the Khmer word , meaning
    • • The Khmer sculptures were carved from stone    
    •  is one of the most important archaeological sites in South- East Asia.
    •  were bonded with vegetable compound, carved.  was used in large construction projects, carved.  iron rich clay, soft and easy to cut into blocks. Hardens when exposed to the air and sun.
    • 5 genres of music known in Khmer culture even today.     
    •  a celestial dancer for royalty  had a nude chest, has no shoes but with Sampot and Sarong.  had their chests exposed, barefooted and wore a piece of Sampot.
    •  Theravada Buddhism is the in Cambodia. Introduced by King Jayavarman VII in the 12th century.
    • Cambodian king renowned as . Under his rule the temple of Angkor Wat, the world’s largest religious structure, was constructed.
    • posthumous name Paramesvara Greatest contributions is establishment of the Devarāj.
    • His Majesty surpassed other kings by his royal power. His beauty, naturally charming, giving joy to thousands of eyes, much surpassed the beauty of Smara.
    •  He was called "Leper King“  During the first year of his reign, he built about 100 monasteries (ashrams) throughout his kingdom.
    •  Angkor’s original name was Yashodharapura (“Glory-bearing city”) and at its apogee it was the biggest city in the world, covering an area of a thousand square kilometers, close to that of modern Los Angeles in the USA.
    •  The Khmer were festive people, with many celebrations all the year round. Wrestling, horse races, cock fights, fireworks, music and dances were an integral part of their culture.
    •  The empire’s greatest king was Jayavarman VII ( r. 1181 CE - 1215 CE) . He built: Temples Monuments Highways Hundred hospitals, The Angkor Thom complex - a city within a city in Angkor.
    • Article 5 of the Khmer constitution states that the Emperor must: follow the Hindu religion not have betrayed the nation be a member of the Imperial family be physically and mentally capable of performing his/her duties not have committed heinous crimes
    • Anthem of Democratic Kampuchea
    • • Cambodia-travel.com. 2013. Khmer Civilization - History of Cambodia & Angkor Wat. [online] Available at: http://www.cambodia- travel.com/khmer-civilization.htm • Plubins, R. 2013. Khmer Empire. [online] Available at: http://www.ancient.eu.com/Khmer_Empire/ • Alternative History. 2013. List of Emperors of the Khmer Empire (Great Empires). [online] Available at: http://althistory.wikia.com/wiki/List_of_Emperors _of_the_Khmer_Empire
    • • Centre, U. 2013. Untitled. [online] Available at: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/668/gallery/ • Umbc.edu. 2013. Cambodian history. [online] Available at: http://www.umbc.edu/eol/cambodia/histcmus.h tm • Infoplease.com. 2013. Khmer Empire | Infoplease.com. [online] Available at: http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/histor y/khmer-empire.html