Ethics
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Ethics

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Ethics Ethics Presentation Transcript

  • MDIOGO CARVALHO Nº 412, MIGUEL PIMENTA Nº495, DANILO FERNANDES Nº 870, TIAGO MONTEIRO Nº 890 INGLÊS CAIC, 2012-2013
  • INDEX  Ethics Definition  Ethics and Science  Ethics and GMF  Ethics and Cloning  Ethics and Medicine  Ethics and Abortion
  • ETHICS DEFINITIONETHICS WHAT IS IT? Ethics, also known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
  • ETHICS DEFINITIONNowadays ethics may be divided into four areas: meta-ethics normative ethics applied ethics descriptive ethics
  • ETHICS AND SCIENCE Ethics and science don’t agree in many things; Ethics tell us what we can do but we should avoid some actions: Science doesn’t tell us us what we should or shouldn’t do, it’s our choice; Some science experiments are not morally correct.
  • ETHICS AND SCIENCE What are science limits? Should everything that is possible to do be done? Should science submit to ethics? To reach something good, should we use unlawful means?
  • ETHICS AND SCIENCE
  • ETHICS AND GMFSHORT DEFINITION OF GMF  Genetically modified foods are foods derived from genetically modified organisms (GMOs). GMOs have had their DNA genetically changed by genetic engineers.  Scientists first discovered that DNA can transfer between organisms in 1946.  The first genetically modified plant was produced in 1983, using an antibiotic-resistant tobacco plant.
  • ETHICS AND GMFSHORT DEFINITION OF GMF  In 2000, with the creation of golden rice, scientists genetically modified food to increase its nutrient value for the first time  This is made to improve the production in this crops and also to change for example their nutrients so it can be healthier and make our meals more balanced.
  • ETHICS AND GMFETHICAL PROBLEMS WITH GMF The controversy in GMF is a dispute over the relative advantages and disadvantages in GMF. The key areas of controversy related to genetically modified GMF are: Risk of harm from GM food, The effect of GM crops on the environment, The impact of GM crops for farmers, including farmers in developing countries, The role of GM crops in feeding the growing world population,
  • ETHICS AND CLONINGSHORT DEFINITION OF CLONING Cloning is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms reproduce asexually.
  • ETHICS AND CLONINGETHICAL PROBLEMS WITH CLONING The ethics of cloning refers to a variety of ethical positions regarding the practice and possibilities of cloning.
  • ETHICS AND MEDICINE The practice of medicine and the practise of ethics are inseparable; Every clinical decision invokes and ethical decision as well; In many instances the ethical issue may not be readily apparent.
  • ETHICS AND MEDICINE Medicine is about “Can we?” Ethics is about “Should we?”
  • ETHICS AND ABORTIONSHORT DEFINITION OF ABORTION Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo. An abortion can occur spontaneously, or it can be purposely induced.
  • ETHICS AND ABORTIONTHE TWO SIDE OF ABORTION Against A new person is killed; Women should be careful and don’t do things without thinking;
  • ETHICS AND ABORTIONTHE TWO SIDES OF ABORTION In Favour There are situations, where women don’t choose if they get pregnant or not. An embryo is not considered a human being yet
  • ETHICS AND ABORTIONETHICAL PROBLEMS WITH ABORTION Is it correct to destroy an embryo or a fetus just because women don’t want the child?