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Second Language Acquisition

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A review about the process involved in second language acquisition.

A review about the process involved in second language acquisition.

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  • 1. SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION
    Prof. Miguel Villanueva Coaguila
  • 2. The process of acquiring a second or foreign language
    TakenfromAppliedLinguisticsDictionary Oxford
    It is the process by which people learn a second language in
    addition to their native language(s).
    Takenfrom www.wikipedia.com
  • 3. Second language acquisition (SLA) is defined as the process of becoming competent or proficient in a second or foreign language, from the first use of a language item to its advanced applications at a later stage
  • 4. The purpose of SLA studies is to describe and explain the way second languages are learned in terms of both linguistic and communicative competence.
  • 5. From a sociolinguistic perspective, acquisition through organized instruction occurs in classrooms with the help of teachers and instructional materials. Acquisition through immersion occurs in social situations using contextual clues.
  • 6. Klein identifies ‘spontaneous’ and ‘guided’ acquisition. The first focuses
    on everyday communication, whereas the second targets the mastery
    of the language system.
  • 7. Krashen distinguishes between ‘acquisition’ and ‘learning’. In his analysis
    of the process of mastering a second language, he reserves ‘acquisition’
    for the subconscious process of learning a language by being exposed to it.
    ‘Learning’, according to him, is the conscious process of mastering a language
    by studying it.
  • 8. Chomsky focuses on the results of SLA, which he defines as ‘competence’
    and ‘performance’. According to him, ‘competence’ in a second language is
    the mastery of the internalized grammar that the ideal speaker or hearer,
    not a real one, has of the whole language.
    Performance’ in Chomsky’s Generative Transformational Grammar,
    on the other hand, refers to a person’s actual use of a language in
    the understanding and production of sentences.

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