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26.1 Conventional energy resources Pages 683 - 689
Goal 1 Recognize the  sun  as the ultimate source of energy on Earth
<ul><li>Solar energy  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Producers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maint...
<ul><li>Solar energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stored carbohydrates are burned </li></ul></ul>...
Goal 2 Describe traditional sources of energy
<ul><li>Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oldest source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4% of US households </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Field Crops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corn, hay, straw </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop residues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
<ul><li>Fecal material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal solid wastes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dried and burned </li></ul></ul>
Goal 3 Explain the formation of fossil fuels
<ul><li>Fossil fuels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LONG time needed for formation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decayed, compressed p...
<ul><li>Peat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Old, compressed sphagnum moss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>Coal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compressed organic material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>plants </li></ul></ul></ul><...
<ul><ul><li>Grades of coal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low grade = lignite </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mid-grad...
<ul><li>Petroleum and Natural gas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase 1 of formation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accumulation of de...
<ul><ul><li>Phase 2 of formation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overlain with non-porous rock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S...
Image copyright unknown, by LBR at UGA Found at: www.petroleumworld.com
<ul><li>Thanks to the individuals who have generously shared images with the use of a creative commons’ license. </li></ul...
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26.1 Conventional Energy Resources

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  • Transcript of "26.1 Conventional Energy Resources"

    1. 1. 26.1 Conventional energy resources Pages 683 - 689
    2. 2. Goal 1 Recognize the sun as the ultimate source of energy on Earth
    3. 3. <ul><li>Solar energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Producers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reproduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Storage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eat producers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of solar energy stored in plants </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Solar energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stored carbohydrates are burned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exothermic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Releases energy as heat </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Goal 2 Describe traditional sources of energy
    6. 6. <ul><li>Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oldest source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4% of US households </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.5 billion households worldwide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Field Crops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corn, hay, straw </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop residues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corn furnace </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Fecal material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal solid wastes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dried and burned </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Goal 3 Explain the formation of fossil fuels
    10. 10. <ul><li>Fossil fuels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LONG time needed for formation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decayed, compressed plant material </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Peat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Old, compressed sphagnum moss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10,000 + years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ireland, England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>N. US </li></ul></ul>
    12. 16. <ul><li>Coal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compressed organic material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>plants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>peat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Millions of years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High carbon concentrations </li></ul></ul>
    13. 17. <ul><ul><li>Grades of coal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low grade = lignite </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mid-grade = bitumous coal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High grade = anthracite </li></ul></ul></ul>Image copyrighted by Kentucky Geological Survey and can be viewed at their website: http://www.uky.edu/KGS/coal/coalkinds.htm
    14. 18. <ul><li>Petroleum and Natural gas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase 1 of formation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accumulation of dead organisms in seas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sediments bury and mix with the organisms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decay occurs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat and pressure </li></ul></ul>
    15. 19. <ul><ul><li>Phase 2 of formation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overlain with non-porous rock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slate or Shale </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil and natural gas migrate upwards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pocket created at non-porous rock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fault or folds in rock layer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural gas a waste product of anaerobic bacteria </li></ul></ul>
    16. 20. Image copyright unknown, by LBR at UGA Found at: www.petroleumworld.com
    17. 21. <ul><li>Thanks to the individuals who have generously shared images with the use of a creative commons’ license. </li></ul><ul><li>Tommy the rabbit …. By broterham on Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>Coal plant … by Bruno D Rodrigues </li></ul><ul><li>Campfire … by lord bute on Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>Corn furnace … Wisconsin corn burner llc. </li></ul><ul><li>Dung … by Claude Renault on Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>Shelp lake bog … chickeninthewoods on Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>Sphagnum moss … by John Wesley Barker on Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>Sphagnum moss close up by danteclaus on Flickr </li></ul>
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