LANGUAGE ACQUISITION We are designed to walk… That we are taught to walk is impossible. And pretty much the same is true of language. Nobody is taught language. In fact you can’t prevent the child from learning it. Noam Chomsky, The Human Language Serie 2 (1994)
Holophrastic stage. Children’s utterance is one word.
Telegraphic stage: Starting to put words together into sentences.
The words and sentences that children produce at each stage of development conform to the set of grammatical rules.
Humans are born with a predisposition to discover the units that serve to express linguistic meaning.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF GRAMMAR PHONOLOGY SYNTAX PRAGMATIC MORPHOLOGY Children acquire the small set of sounds Common to all languages Overgeneralization. Children Acquire rules of their particular language Children understand word order rules. Language in context By manner of articulation: nasal, glides Stops, liquids, fricatives, and africates. Children’s utterances reflect Their internal grammar. Child assumes that his listener knows Who is talking about. By place of articulation features: Labials, velars, alveolars and palatals
L2 learners construct grammars of the target language.
Fundamental difference hypothesis: L2 acquisition is different from L1
Interlanguage grammar- stages
Transfer of grammatical rules from L1 to L2
Age is a significant factor in L2 acquisition
Second language Teaching Methods Synthetic Approach Bottom- up method Analitical Approach Top- down method Teaching of the grammatical, lexical, phonological, and functional Units of the language The goal is to select topics, tasks that are relevant to the needs and Interests of the learner Grammar translation Content- based instruction