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  • 1. THE POCKET OXFORD THEATRE COMPANYPresentsRomeo and Juliet PRIMARIA WORKPACKTeachers note: This didactic material consists of pre-show activities designed to help teachers preparethe students for the experience of watching a piece of theatre in a foreign language.Due to The Pocket Oxford Theatre Companys interactive style and use of audience participation,certain details contained in this show will change over the course of the performance. The charactersand plot will remain unaffected.
  • 2. SHAKESPEARE (1564-1616)William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England in 1564. His parentswere quite rich and he studied Greek and Latin. He married Anne Hathaway in 1582.Shakespeare then moved to London to become a playwright and actor with thesuccessful theatre company The Lord Chamberlains Men. Shakespeare remainedwith the company until he retired in 1610.Shakespeare wrote 37 plays in total and 154 sonnets (lyrical poems of 14 lines). Hisplays are categorised into three genres; comedy, tragedy and history plays. Thetragedy, Romeo and Juliet was one of Shakespeares earliest plays (written between1591-95), Romeo and Juliet is a play about two young lovers, who come from twofeuding families, the Montagues and the Capulets.Stratford,Shakespeare was alive during the Elizabethan Era; as Queen Elizabeth I was Britain’sfirst female queen, and a supporter of the theatre. Shakespeare died in 1616, aged 52.He is still widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and theworlds greatest playwright, although he is often referred to as the bard, which simplymeans the poet. The house in which Shakespeare was born, Stratford-Upon-Avon WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE & ANNE HATHAWAYAnne Hathaway grew up Stratford-upon-Avon, England. Anne married Shakespearein November 1582 when she was 26 years old; Shakespeare was only eighteen. Theyhad three children and for most of their married life, Shakespeare lived in Londonwriting and performing his plays, while she remained in Stratford. However hereturned to Stratford for a period every year and when he retired from the theatre in1613, he chose to live in Stratford with Anne rather than London. Anne Hathaway diedin 1623 at the age of 67.
  • 3. THEATRESBefore the first theatres were built in England, actors travelled around the country ingroups known as players. They travelled and performed in wagons and carriedportable stages, which the audience would stand around to watch their simpleproductions, usually based on religious stories. The first purpose-built theatre waserected in 1576 by James Burbage, and simply called The Theatre. Due to itspopularity, by 1600 there were a number of playhouses in London. The Theatre waspulled down in 1598 and was rebuilt in a new location and renamed The Globe. Thisbecame the theatre where Shakespeare would perform and stage his plays. Exterior of The Globe Theatre, LondonThe Globe was a three-story open air building which could hold up to 3,000 people,thus making theatre in Shakespeares day as popular by todays standards as afootball match or pop concert. Spectators (nicknamed Groundlings) could pay onepenny to stand and watch the play or pay two-pence to sit in one of the many galleries.The very rich often paid for a seat on the stage itself.At this time in the theatre there was little or no scenery; the plays were alwaysperformed in daylight (as there was no lighting); and there were only basic costumesand props. Women were not allowed to act in the plays, and instead young boysplayed all the female roles.In 1642, all the theatres in England were closed by the English Parliament, due topressure from the Puritans.
  • 4. Interior of The Globe Theatre, London Why the Puritans were against the Globe Theatre?The Globe theatre and its plays were a new idea. The Globe theatre attracted hugecrowds - upto 3000 people. The theatres were also used for bear-baiting andgambling. The theatre attracted all types of people, including criminals. Many Puritans,strict religious people, thought that theatres were evil and wanted them all closed.In 1642, under the force of the Puritans, the English Parliament closed the theatres. Allactors were to arrested and whipped, and anyone caught watching a play would befined 5 shillings. The Globe Theatre was pulled down.In 1660 the theatres were reopened, but the Globe theatre would not be rebuilt foranother 350 years, not until 1997!
  • 5. EXERCISE; FILL THE BLANKSFill in the blanks with the following words:William / Shakespeare / The Globe / Juliet / Puritans / The Theatre / AnneCapulets / Stratford-upon-Avon / 1591-95 / Players / 2 pence / young boys/ 16161/ ____________ Shakespeare was married to _______ Hathaway.2/ They lived in a place called _______________.3/ One of Shakespeares tragedies was called Romeo and _________.4/ Before theatres were built, actors travelled around the country in a wagon and werecalled _____________.5/ The first theatre built in England was called _________________.6/ Romeo and Juliet was written between _____________.7/ In the Elizabethan era women were not allowed to perform on the stage so thefemale roles were played by ______________.8/ It cost ________ to sit in the gallery at the theatres.9/ The theatre that Shakespeare worked at, and part owned, was called________________.10/ William _______________ died in _________.11/ In Romeo and Juliet there are two feuding families called the Montagues and the___________.12/ All the theatres were closed down in 1642 due to pressure from The____________.
  • 6. EXERCISE; TRUE or FALSE ??1. Not many people went to the theatre.2. Theatres only showed plays.3. The Puritans were worried that theatres were a bad influence.4. Puritans thought theatres were educational.5. After 1642, Actors were whipped if they were caught.6. The Globe theatre was demolished.7. You cannot visit the Globe Theatre today.Solutions; 1=F / 2=F / 3= T / 4= F/ 5=T/ 6=T/ 7=F
  • 7. ROMEO AND JULIET by The Pocket Oxford Theatre CompanyThe Globe theatre is full as the audience wait for a new play written by Shakespeare.The play is about to begin when suddenly the Puritans enter and close the theatre.William Shakespeare is very sad and angry because the theatre has been closed andhe is ready to perform his new play, a tragedy called Romeo and Juliet.Shakespeare receives a phone call from Queen Elizabeth I demanding that heperforms his new play for her at her place, today!!Shakespeare does not know what to do, because all the actors have been locked up injail by the Puritans. However his servant, Mrs. P, suggests they perform the playthemselves. But even if they do play the parts of Romeo and Juliet, who will play theother parts? They will need Romeos parents Lord and Lady Montague, and Julietsparents Lord and Lady Capulet; not to mention Juliets cousin Tybalt and Romeosbest friend Mercutio. What on earth will William Shakespeare and Mrs. P do?Will they find any actors?Will they be able to perform the play today?Will there be a happy ending?In order to keep an element of surprise our story is incomplete. We suggest thatstudents are read the synopsis below to give them a general idea of the plot.
  • 8. ROMEO AND JULIET by William Shakespeare - A SYNOPSISA boy and a girl, from families who hate each other bitterly, fall in love but everythinggoes wrong for them and they kill themselves rather than be parted. Most of the playtakes place in fair Verona , an attractive little city in the north of Italy. The actionmoves quickly from the streets to the hall of the Capulets house, then to the orchardbelow Juliets balcony, to Friar Lawrences lonely cell and finally to the vault where theCapulets and the Monatgues view their dead children. The play starts on a Sundaymorning in the middle of July; less than five days later - just before dawn on thefollowing Thursday - it is all over.Act 1A fight between servants of two of the most important families, the Montagues andthe Capulets is broken up by the Prince. Romeo tells Benvolio that he is in love withRosaline. Lady Capulet tells Juliet that she is to marry Paris. Lord Capulet starts toprepare for the celebrations.A servant of Lord Capulet asks Romeo to read the invitation list. Romeo decides togoto the ball to see Rosaline. At the ball Romeo meets and falls in love with Juliet,only afterwards do they discover that their families are sworn enemies.Tybalt recognises Romeo but is prevented from doing anything by Lord Capulet, whodoes not want any trouble.Act 2Benvolio and Mercutio look for Romeo. Juliet tells Romeo that she loves him, andthey exchange vows. Romeo goes to see Friar Lawrence, who agrees to marry themas it may help and end their families feud.Meanwhile Tybalt makes it known that he wishes to challenge Romeo to a duel.Romeo tells the Nurse of his plan to marry Juliet. Juliet blushes when she hears ofthis news.Romeo and Juliet meet at the Friars cell and they are married in secret.Act 3The next day, Mercutio picks a fight with Tybalt. Romeo turns up and tries tointervene.Tybalt kills Mercutio. This makes Romeo angry and he then kills Tybalt.Romeo is now a murderer and is banished from Verona.Act 4Paris goes to Friar Lawrences cell. Paris announces that he is to marry Juliet onThursday. Juliet says that she will stab herself rather than marry Paris. The Friargives her a bottle of potion, that when she drinks it, will make her appear dead for 48hours.The Friars plan is to write to Romeo so that he will be there when she wakes up.Juliet agrees to marry Paris to please her father, who then brings the wedding dayforward to Wednesday.
  • 9. Juliet takes the potion and her family mourn her death.Act 5Balthasar arrives in Mantua with news of Juliets death. Romeo goes to anapothecary to get some poison.Friar Lawrence learns that his messanger did not get to Mantua to give Romeo hismessage because of the Plague. Paris is at Juliets tomb when Romeo arrives. Theyfight and Romeo kills Paris. Romeo sees Juliet and thinks that she is dead so hepoisons himself. Friar Lawrence arrives too late to save Romeo. Juliet wakes to findRomeo dead and kills herself with his dagger.The Montagues and Capulets agree to end their feud and decide to put a statue ofpure gold in the town square.Related Films"Shakespeare: The Animated Tales" Romeo and Juliet (1992)Shakespeare In Love (Gwyneth Paltrow, Judi Dench, 1998)Romeo and Juliet (Leonardo DiCaprio, Claire Danes, Director - Baz Luhrmann, 1996)
  • 10. TOP 5 FACTS ABOUT QUEEN ELIZABETH I1. Queen Elizabeth was born 7th September 1533 at Greenwich Palace, London.2. The father and mother of Queen Elizabeth was the notorious King Henry VIII, andhis second wife Anne Boleyn.3. Queen Elizabeth I died on 24 March 1603 (of blood poisoning) - She was nearly 70years of age.4. Queen Elizabeth I reigned for 45 years, from 1558-1603.5. Queen Elizabeth almost died of Smallpox in 1562 and was left with scars on herface - she covered these using the heavy white make-up which was fashionable atthe time.
  • 11. QUESTION SHEET1. Where was Queen Elizabeth I born?2. Who were her father and mother?3. How old was Queen Elizabeth I when she died4. For how long did Queen Elizabeth I reign?5. Why did Queen Elizabeth I wear such heavy white make-up?WORD SEARCHWe suggest that the students complete the following word-searches whilst discussingthe meaning of each term for a fuller understanding.1/ Find the following theatre words:Plot Casting Actor Play Acts Theatre DramaStage Prop Globe Costume Scene Set Part
  • 12. PUZZLE - Can you get Shakespeare to the Palace?GAME - In The Meaning Of The WordFor this game one student (A) must leave the classroom for a couple of minutes.Once the student (A) has left the room, the class or teacher must decide on anadverb. The student (A) then returns to the room and tries to guess what the adverb isby asking other students (B) to do something in the meaning of the word. Forexample, "Please can you open the door in the meaning of the word" or "Please canyou clean the blackboard in the meaning of the word" etc. The student (B) then has tocomplete the action in the manner of the adverb. This continues until student (A) hasdiscovered the correct adverb. This game is intended to develop the studentsvocabulary, to explore some of the emotional content of the production and toencourage interaction and drama skills.....but also its a lot of fun!!Suggested adverbs - lovingly, crazily, wildly, tiredly, passionately, hungrily, lazily,mysteriously, clumsily, forcefully, dramatically, romantically, impatiently, spookily,carefully, fiercely, thoughtfully etc.
  • 13. DRAWING AND ACTING;Put the students into groups. Have the students draw, or use collage, to depict theirfavourite scenes of Romeo and Juliet, and write a description of the scene. Eachgroup should then write a section of dialogue for the scene they are illustrating.Finally, ask each group to present their drawing and act out the scene in front of theclass.
  • 14. AFTER THE PLAYThe Pocket Oxford Theatre company hope that the students and teachers haveenjoyed the show. We would appreciate any feedback or suggestions. Anycontributions or comments students or teachers would like to make about theproduction may now be made through our new Facebook page when you befriendus at Pocket Oxford. Please stay in touch!Pocket Oxford are a Professional theatre in Education company that tour throughoutSpain. Our current touring productions include Romeo and Juliet (for Primarystudents), The Taming of The Shrew (Taming Shakespeare) and Macbeth. Wedevelop a new production based on a Shakespeare play each academic year, whichcan be made appropriate for students of all ages.We look forward to visiting and entertaining you again in the future. Please contact usat the address below.Contact The Pocket Oxford Theatre Company info@factoriacultural.com Tel – 971765622 Fax - 971765623