Confucianism

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Confucianism

  1. 1. Hello.
  2. 2. CONFUCIUS & CONFUCIANISM
  3. 3. WHO IS CONFUCIUS?
  4. 4. 551 – 479 BC PHILOSOPHER
  5. 5. ALL of religions use the GOLDEN RULE to summarize their ethical teachings.
  6. 6. Defined Chinese Society for the past 2000 years
  7. 7. LU (Modern day Shandong Province)
  8. 8. Confucius felt he had a mission to return China to its former glory, to return to the 'Way' or Dao.
  9. 9. Dao -culture of self-cultivation and emphasis on the way of virtue
  10. 10. Confucianism is very much a philosophy for those living in society
  11. 11. Buddhism and Daoism stress withdrawing from the world to seek spiritual enlightenment.
  12. 12. He was never employed in any significant government post during his lifetime. IRONIC 300 years after his death, Confucianism was adopted as China's state philosophy.
  13. 13. CONFUCIANISM‟S ADVOCACY
  14. 14. PROMOTES HARMONY AMIDST CHANGE
  15. 15. The embeddedness of each person in concentric circles of relationships and ethical responsibilities
  16. 16. 1. The importance of family (past, present & future)
  17. 17. 2. The function of a hierarchical social system
  18. 18. 3. The significance of education
  19. 19. 4. The role of government in establishing a political bureaucracy
  20. 20. 4 Key Elements of the Confucian Worldview
  21. 21. Anthropocosmic the great triad 1. heaven (a guiding force), 2. earth (nature), 3. humans
  22. 22. Organic Holism the universe is seen as unified, interconnected, and interpenetrating
  23. 23. Dynamic Vitalism basis of the underlying unity of reality which is ch‟i, constituted of the material force of the universe
  24. 24. Comprehensive Ethics humans are biological- historical-ethical beings who live in a universe of complex correspondences and relationships.
  25. 25. Essential Teachings
  26. 26. The main core of Confucianism is humanism
  27. 27. It focuses on the importance of life and all that affects it such as the family
  28. 28. It does not focus on the belief of the afterlife and of gods
  29. 29. Philosophies
  30. 30. Religion? Ethical Code
  31. 31. "To devote oneself earnestly to one's duty to humanity, and while respecting the spirits, to keep aloof from
  32. 32. Agnostic who believed in spirits and the supernatural but was not interested in them
  33. 33. Built on the foundational belief that man is basically good.
  34. 34. Teachings: *Morality *The importance of justice, sincerity and filial piety - the duty of every son to serve his parents.
  35. 35. ANALECTS
  36. 36. Five Classics
  37. 37. defined as "Utilitarianism" by John Stuart Mills
  38. 38. Five Constants (五常)
  39. 39. Ren(仁, being humane) Best expressed by the golden rule or the ethic of reciprocity. Political dimension: makes rulers take care of subjects
  40. 40. Yi 義: upholding of righteousness and the moral disposition to do good.
  41. 41. Li 禮: Following/respecting of etiquette and norms of daily life
  42. 42. Zhi 智: “He who learns but does not think is lost. He who thinks but does not learn is in great danger.” Education is very important for him.
  43. 43. Xin 信: Refers to keeping one‟s word and being faithful to it. (not to gods, but to one‟s words, tasks, etc.)
  44. 44. Four Virtues (五常)
  45. 45. Zhong 忠: One should be loyal to their superiors and vice versa.
  46. 46. Jie 節: One must exercise self control.
  47. 47. Xiao 孝: Children must respect their parents, but a child has a duty to dispute with his/her parents if necessary
  48. 48. Yi 義: The same as the one in the five constants, which is the moral disposition to do good. Yi 義: The same as the one in the five constants, which is the moral disposition to do good.
  49. 49. Contributions of Confusianism
  50. 50. Public policies Family codes Relationship ethics Education Government
  51. 51. Influenced the Chinese people to respect their leaders and their leaders to set a good example as well
  52. 52. Explained humanity as „to love the people‟ and „to love the masses extensively‟
  53. 53. Development of everyone‟s potential ability‟
  54. 54. Filial Piety
  55. 55. Influenced the „Neo-Confucianism‟ by Zhu-Xi
  56. 56. Bye.

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