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9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
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9 irrt2 d
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9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
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9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
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9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
9 irrt2 d
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9 irrt2 d

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  • 1. llPOCBE~EHHE 111 l Jl A ' f I 41' t I I 0 . A.A.AaH~nOB, n.r.Kocyn~HO MCTOPMH POCCMM XX- Ha~ano XXI seKa i.laCTb 2
  • 2. A.A.LlaH!-1nos n.r.Kocynl-iHO MCTOPM~ POCCMM XX - Ha'lano XXI seKa PA60'iASI TETPAAb 9 KI13CC /J/1R Jl'la~HXCR 06~eo6pa3088TeilbHbiX Jl'lpe;¥<AeHHM 8 ,qeyx &~aCTRx 'lac b 2 MocKBa cnpocse~eHio1e» 2010
  • 3. Y~K 373.167.1:94(47) BBK 63.3(2)1172 )];18 P a60tJ81! TeTp8,1V> COCTOHT H3 ABYX tJ3CTeH J1 IIPCACTaBJUieT c o6oii KOMnJJeKT yqe6Hhtx 38AaHHH no Kypcy •l1cTopH1! Poc- CHH. XX- aaqaJio XXI aeKa» . B pa60tJHe TeTpa;~H BKJIJO•JeHbt BOIIpOCbl H 3~8Hii.H K A0KyMeHT3M, KpOCCBOPAhJ, TeCThl, A Ha - rpaMMbl H AP - ISBN 978-5-09-023352-1 (2) ISBN 978-5-09-023351-4(oGu-'.) ,. 11JA!ITeJILCTBO o fl pO<'BeH-'eHJH' t, 2005 •l XyiiO»<eCTaeauoe o~>OpNneHue. li:!JIIIT(',1 bCTBO t llpOCBI'lleiH1et, 2005 Br<' npnna aamumeHL>I
  • 4. PA3AEn 4. BEnJ.1KASI OTE~ECTBEHHASI BOHHA 1941- 1945 rr. § 28. CCCP HAKAHYHE BEflJ.1KOH OTE"'ECTBEHH0.:1 B0.:1Hbl 3a)l.aHue 1. 3aOOJIHHTe Ta6JIH~Y. BbllOiJbL, no.lly'lPN.Itbte CCCP u rep.lranueu om 3aK.IliO'leHU.R iJozoBopa o nenanaiJeN.uu CCCP repM6HH.fl 3a.u.anue 2. 3anOJIHHTe T86JIHI.J,Y. Pacutupenue meppumopuu CCCP Ita JanaiJe naKanyne Be.twKou Ome'lecmBenN.oi.L 80UHbL BpeMH npHcoe~HBeH H.fl TeppHTOPH.fl CeHTa6pb 1939 r. MapT 1940 r. l110Hb 1940 r. AsrycT 1940 r. 3
  • 5. 3aJJ.aHHe 3. Cpa.)l(euue Ha peKe XaJlXUH-Fo.,7 ( 1939) JhiHHH cpasneHHSJ C oseTcKo- .5JnOIICIUJe MOUrOJihCKIIC BO~iCKa soiicKa 1. CooTnoweune CIIJJ ua 25 JUORH: Jlli'IHhllt COCT8B ( T blC. 'le.'l.) 12,5 38,0 KoJmtJeCTBO opy~:wii 109 310 Ko.1HtJCCTBO T8BKOB 186 l:J5 Ko.nt'ICCTBO caMOJJCTOB 82 225 2. CooTuornenue CltJJ ua 10 aurycTa: .lJW·IHbiii COCT8B ( T bJC. qen.) 57,0 75,0 Komi'-ICCTBO opyJVtH 512 500 Kom-t<JCCTBO TaHKOn 498 182 Ko.rrrJ'-ICCTBO caMOJJCTOB 515 aoo 3. IlOTe pn JJJf'IHO rO COCT3B8 C 28 11100.11 no 8 CCHTH6pn 18,5 61,0 1939 r. ( Thi C. 'ICJJ.) ' - - CoaemcKo r/JulicKaR Boima 1939- 1940 u. JIHIHIH Cpa BHeHlUJ ConeTCKHe c}JnfiCK ll<' soiicKa BOltCKa 1. CooTuoweuue cJtJJ na 1 ltapTa 1940 r.: Jhtt!Hhlll COCT8B (TblC. 'ICJI .) 960 300 Ko.nJqecToo OPYAHii 11200 2000 KomitJCCTBO TaBKOB 3000 90 KonHqecTno caMoneTOB 3250 500 2. IlOTCpll .'IH'IBOI'O COCTaBa 126,9 48,2 (ThlC. 'ICJJ.) I 1. I1poaH8JUI3HpyJ1:Te A8HHbiC Ta6JHUl, U 38nrill1HTC KpaTKHC BbiBO}hJ . 2. K aKne o6cTOHTeJibCTaa o6ycJJoaun:w HeyJJ.a•m KpacHoi-i ApMlnt a aoiiHe c <l>HHJUlHA1tei-i? 4
  • 6. 3a~auHe 4. IlpHBCAHTe B COOTBeTCTBHe ,li;RHHbie T30JIHU.hl. N~ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ,I(aThJ 23 asrycTa 1939 r. 17 CeHT.H6pH 1939 r. A orycT 1940 r . Mail - asrycT 1939 30 HOH6pJI 1939 r. 15 :.rapTa 1939 r. 28 HIOHJI 1940 r. M JOJib 1940 r. 12 M8pTa 1940 r. 1 CCHTJI6pH 1939 r. r . Co6wTHe BcTyuncmtc rcpMallCIUIX BOi'ICK B ilpary Cpamcnnc Ha p. XnJ1xuu· r on 38KJIIO'ieHne COBCTCI{O•r<'p- M8HCKOrO ,li.OrOBOpa 0 HC· Hana.n.emm BTop:>Ke1111e repManci<J1X BOi'ICK B ilOJiblliY llo.n.nHcamtc MHpnoro .n.o- rosopa MC>K.D.Y CCCP l1 <f:>HHJIHll)J.HCK Ha4ano pa3pa6oTKn rcp- M8HCKoro nnana nana.nc- Hnst na CCCP BKnJO•IeHne 3cTOHHn, JlaT· BIHI 11 Jll1TBbl B COCT8B CCCP BcTynJieHne COBCTCKl!X sofrcK Ha TeppuTopmo Bcc- capa6nl1 11 Cescp11o~i By- KOBHHLI Haqano COBCTCKO-cjHtHCKOii BOHHbl BrTynJiemte COBCTCIUIX BOHCK H8 TeppHTOpH 10 fTO.fl t.IIIH 5
  • 7. 3a)l;aune 5. Bht6epuTe npaBHJibHblH OTBeT. 1. 0 lleM )l;OrOBOPHJIHCb CCCP H repMaHH.H, ITO,li;ITHCaB )l;Oro- BOP 0 HeHaiTa)l;eHHH H Cel<pCTHblC npOTOKOJlbl K HCMy: a) 0 ,ll;aTe Han a,n:eHH.H repMaHHH Ha AHrmno H <l>panu,wto; 6) o pa3)l;eJie c<t>ep BJIH.HHW.H Mem)l;y MocJ<aoii u BepnHHOM B BocTOllHOH Eaporre; B) o pa3)l;eJie c<t>ep BJIH.HHHH ua BaJIJ<auax .R B A~nm? 2. KTo H3 coaeTCKHx aoeuaqaJihHHKOB PYKOBO,li;HJI npOpbJBOM JIHHHH Mauueprei1:Ma: a) r. K. JKyKOB; 6 ) K. E . BopowHJIOB; B) C. K. THMOWCHJ<O? 3. KaKue Mephi npeAITPHHHJIO coaeTCJ<oe npaBMTCJJbCTBO AJI.H no,ll;rOTOBJ<H 1< aoiine (B03MOmuo uecJ<OJihKO nap1-1RHTOB OTBeTa): a) pa3pa60TI<Y li npOii3BO)l;CTBO HOBbiX o6pa3U.OB BOOpyme- HH.H 11 BOeHHO.if TeXHUKli; 6) yaemillCHHC 6ro.n;meTHblX aCCJirHOB8HHH Ha o6opony; a) yKpen.rrenHe Tpy.n;oBo.if ,n:Hcu;nnnnHhi; r) rrpHBe,II;Clllle npHrpaHH'IHbiX BOCHHbiX OKpyrOB B ITOJIHYIO 60eByFO rOTOBHOCTh; A) paccpe)I.OTO'ICHHe aBnau;HH Ha 38JI8CHbi X 83POAPOMaX, yCHJICHHC IIpOTHBOB03.D;YliiHOH o6opOHbl BOHCI< U BOCHHbiX 06'bCKTOB; r) IIpHBC,II;CHHC B 60eByiO I'OTOBHOCTb l<Opa6JieR H BOCHHO- MOPCKHX 6a3? § 29. HA"'AllO BEm1KOH OTE"'ECTBEHHOH BOHHbl 3aAanne 1. ,1J;ai1:Te ITHCbMCHHbiH OTBCT Ha BOnpoc. B 'ICM 3aKJIIO"'aJIHCb, ua Bam B3rna.n;, rrpHllHRhl KpynHbiX uey.n;aq Kpacuoi% ApMHH B nepable MeCHU.bi BeJIHKOR 0TeqecT- Bennoii BOHHbi? 6
  • 8. 3a~~:aHne 2. Ilp0t.{HT8HTe )J;OKyMeHT H 38ITHillH Te OTBeTbi H8 B011p0 Cbl. H3 npuK.a3a Cma61CU BepxoBnozo r JI,a6nOICO.ManiJo6anuJJ. J0 270 om 16 a Bzy cma 1941 z. . . • n p 11Ka3b 1Bato: 1. K oMaHA Hp o e H n o n HTpa6 o THHKOB , 80 8peMSI 6oS! cpb18ai0- W.HX C ce6SI 3 HaKH pa3Ili-I"'HSI H A e 3 e p THpy 10W,HX B Tbiil Hill-1 CA a - IOW,HXCSI 8 nneH epa r y, cY~-tTaTb 3IlOCTHbiM I1 Ae3epr~-tpaMH , ceMbH KOTOpbiX nOAile>+<aT apecr y KaK CeMblof Hap y WHBWHX np~-!CS!ry 1-1 n pe- AaBWHX c e o10 P o AHHY Ae3epr~-tpo8 . 0 6 Sl3aTb BCeX BbiWe CTOSIW,HX KOMa HAHp08 H KOM HCCa p o e pac- CTpem1BaTb Ha M e CTe n OA 06Hbi X Ae3 epT1-1pOB 113 Ha"'COCTa8a . 2. ...0 6Sl3 a Tb Ka>+<AOf O BOeHHOCily >+<aw,er O , He 3aBHCI-1M O OT ero c n y >+<e6Ho ro n o no>+<eHI-ISI , nor pe6o ea Tb o T BbiW e CTOSIW,e r o Ha- Yan bHHKa, e c m 1 "'a CTb e ro HaXOAiofTCSI B OKpy>+<eHHH, A paTbCSI A O n OCile AHei1 803M O >+<HOCTH, "'T0 6bl npo61-1TbCSI K CBOHM , H, eCilH TaKOH Ha"!a ilbHHK 111111 "'aCTb KpaCHOapMeHU,eB BMe CTO o p raHH3a- 1_4HH OTnopa epary n peAn OYTYT CAa Tb CSI B n n eH, YHH"'TO >+<aTb HX BCeMiof cpeACT8aMI1, K a K Ha3 eMH b iMI1 , TaK H B03A Y W HbiM H, a c e- MbH CAaBW I-IXCSI 8 n n e H t<p a c Ho apMei1u,ee nHwaTb r o cyA a p c r8eH- Ho r o n oco61-1S1 H n o MOUJ.H . 1. KaKOBhi 6h!JIH 11pHqHHhi noa BJieHHsr CTOJih cypoaoro 11pH.- K a 3a? 2. 0 K aKH.X OCOOelliTOCTSIX BOeHHOrO BpeMeHH MO:>KH O Y3H 8T b 113 p;aHHoro npH.Ka3a ? 3a~~:aBHe 3. Onpep;eJIHTe uaH60Jiee xapaKTep Hhi e 'Iep Thl OJIOKap;hi Jie- HHHrpap;a. l{eM oHa OTJIMqaJiaCh OT o6oponhi p;pyrH x ropop;oB OT HeMeu,KHx soilcK? 7
  • 9. 3a,ll;anue 4. K oro H3 aa~HTHHKOB MocKBhl Bbl aaaeTe? B •J<>M cocTOUT n x IIO,ll;BHr? § 30. HEMELKOE HACTYnnEHHE 1942 r. H nPEAnOCbtnKH KOPEHHOrO nEPEflOMA 3a,ll;auue 1. IlpOaHilJIH3Hpyihe npe,n;CT8BJieHIIbiC Hil-DKe ,ll;OKyMeHThl H C>llliTbl H 38IIHillHTe OTBeThl Ha BODpOChl. <l> aKThl I. 29 KIOJISI 1942 r . ITpe3H.ll:HYM Bepxoaaoro CoBeTa CCCP yqpe,n;HJI HOBble op.n;eua: Cyaoposa 1, 2 H 3-H: cTeneaH; KyTyaoaa 1-:H H 2-:H cTenenH; AneKcaap,pa H eacKoro. 8 Q>eapaJISI 1943 r . 6hlJI y t.Jpe.>K.n;eu op.n;eH KyTyaoaa 3-ii cTenenH. 10 OKTSI6pSI 1943 r. - op.n;eu Bor,lana XMeJibiiHU.Koro 1, 2 H 3-H CTeneHH. 8
  • 10. 3 MapTa 1944 r .- op,l(eHa "YrnaKOBII l · ii 11 2-if cTeneHH; Haxu· MOB8 1-if H 2-ft CTeTieHH. II. 6 SIHBapSI 1943 r . 6hlnn BB('JI'Ilbt noroHhl .l(JISI oqmu,e- pos Kpacao:H ApMtm; 15 cpespanSI .n;nSI JIHttRoro cocTasa BM<t>. III. 18 ceHTSI6pSI 1941 r. npnKaJOM napKoMa o6opoHbl N~ 308 B COOTBeTCTBHH c pemeaueM CTRRKH BepXOBROI'O rnas- HOKOM8H.l(OBaHUSI 100, 127, 153 H 161-SI CTpeJIKOBbie ,l(HBH3HH, oTJIH'I»BmHecR s 6oRx no.n; EJibHeif, 6hJJIJt nepenMeaosaHbi a 1, 2, 3 U 4·10 I'Bap.n;eifCKiie CTpeJIKOBbie ,l(HBI13HH'. 21 MaR 1942 r. "YKaJoM ITpeJH.l(HyMa BepxosHoro CoseTa CCCP J(JIR BOeRHOCJiymall.MX rsap.l(eHCKHX ttRCTeH H COe,ZJ;HHeHHH OhlJIH sse,n;eHbl rsap.n;eticKHe JBaHHR, ycTaHosnea Harpy,n;Hbi H JHaK; s HIOHe 1943 r . 6btJIH yTsepm.n;enhl rsap.n;eiicKHe KpacHhie 3H8MeHa. IV. B Mae 1943 r. OhiJI pacnyll.eH KoMHHTepH. HJ ewcmyn~tenust H. B. Cma~tuna na mop3tCecmeennoM Jaceoanuu Moccoeema, nocestUfennoM 24-ii zoiJ06UfUne Be~tu~eoii. O~emst6pbc~eou CO'fUaJtucmu~tec~eou peeoltJOlfUU 6 nost6pR. 1941 z. V1 3TI1 ntoA11, ni1WeHHble COSeCTI1 11 4eCnt, ntOA11 C MOpanbiO >t<I1SOTHbtX, 11MetoT HarnoCTb np113btsaTb K YHH4TO>+<eHI110 sen~-tKoi-1 pyCCKOH HaU.HH, HaU.11H nnexaHOSa H JleHHHa, 6eni1HCKOr O 11 4ep- HbtWeSCKOrO, nywKI1Ha 11 ToncToro, rni1HKI1 11 4ai:iKOSCKOro, ropbKOro 11 4exosa, Ce4eHosa 11 nasnosa, PemtHa 11 Cyp11KOSa, Cysoposa 11 KyTy3osa! HJ pe~tu H. B. Cma~tuna na napaoe Kpacnou ApMuu na Kpacnou nnoufai'Ju e Moc~eee 7 no.R.6p~t 1941 z. Boi-~Ha, KoTopyto Bbt seAeTe, ecTb soi:IHa ocso60AI1TenbHaSI, SOHHa cnpase.n;ni1BaSI. nycTb SAOXHOSnSieT sac 8 3TOi1 SOHHe My- >t<eCTBeHHbiH o6pa3 Haw11x seni1KI1X npeAKOB - AneKcaHApa HescKor o, AM11TpHS1 AoHCKOro, Ky3bMbl MI1H11Ha, AM11TpHS1 no- >t<apcKoro, AneKCaHApa Cyaoposa, Ml1xa~-tna KyTy3oea! nycTb oceHI1T sac no6eAOHOCHoe 3HaMSI een11Koro JleHI1Ha. Aa 3ApascTsyeT Hawa cnasHast POAI1Ha, ee cso6oAa, ee He- 3aSI1CI1MOCTb! HJ iJneenu~ea 3#CypnaJtucma H . K. Bep3tC6UiflCOto 17 HOS16pS1 1941 r. V13 cerOAHSIWHeH nepeAOS11U.bl «npaSAbl»: «Bee Cl1nbt Ha 3aU,V1TY MoCKSbt! ...MOCKBa - CSSITOi:i ropOA AnSI Ka>t<AOro pyccKoro! » B3btsaeM K yyecTsy pyccKoro naTp~-to- 2 Jl,1u1nnoo, KtK"y.r1n na . 9 K JI •• ' ' Hn b 2 9
  • 11. H13Ma, KOrAa CTaJlO O'ieHb TSI>KeJlO. 0 HeM COBCeM 6blll0 3a6bi- TO B r OAbl OTHOCI1TeJlbHOrO 6naronony 'ii-1SI. 9 AeKa6pR 1941 r . n o paAI-10 3ByYana C1-1Mcp0HHSI '-laHKOBCKoro (( 1812 rOA» I KO- ropaSI 6bana Janpew.eHa 24 roAa, 1-160 a Hei:i ecrb u,apcKHH n1MH <<Konb cnaseH .. .» . 24 AeKa6pR 1941 r. MocKOBCKI1H My3eH Jl. Toncroro Ha craHU,11H Merpo <<O xoT- Hbli:i pRA» OTKpban BbiCTaBKY << fepoH3M 1-1 naTp1-10TH3M p yccKoro HapoAa»... OrpOMHbiM cnpocoM nonbJyeTCSI KHI1ra aKaAeMJ.1Ka Tapne « HanoneoH». 1. 0 KaKH x H 3M e HeBHSIX B H,LJ,eonorHH Coa e TcKoro rocy,D,ap- CTBa CBH,lJ,eTeJibCTB YIOT n p ep;CT8BJieHH ble cpaKTbl If. ,D,OKyMeHTbi? 2. Ka.K Bbl p;yMaeTe, n o'leMy 6 hiJIH BHeceHhl no.n;o6Hbi e H.n;eo - JIOrH'leCKHe KOppeKTH Bbi? 3a,LJ;aHHe 2. IIpoqi-1T8H Te p;oKyMeHT H 3anHm HTe oTBeTbi s a nonpocbl. H3 pe'Lu rum.nepa 6 MwnxeH-e 8 noR-6pR- 1942 z. To, 'iTO R nocTy natO He TaK, KaK xorenocb 6ba ApyrHM, o6b- SICHSieTCSI soT YeM : R cHaYana o6AYMbiBatO, Yero, no scei:i sepo- SITHOCTI1, XOTSIT ApyrHe, a JlOTOM AeJlaiO npHHLJ,I-11111aJlbHO 11HaYe. EcnH repp CTanHH, KaK BHAHO, O>t<HAan, YTO Mbl yAapHM Ha u,eHT- 10
  • 12. pallbHOM yYaCTKe (80CTOYHOr O cppOHTa), TO l'l BOBCe He no>+<e- Jlall HacTynaTb TaM . 1-1 He CTOllbKO noTOMY, YTO repp CTalli1H, sepOSITHO, AYMan TaK, a llOTOMY, YTO MHe 3TO 6bll10 He CTOllb y>+< 11 sa>+<Ho. 5I xoTen Bbli:1TI1 K Bonre, np11YeM HMeHHO s onpe- AelleHHOM MecTe, y onpeAeneHHoro ropoAa. CnyYai:iHo oH HO- CHT HMSI caMoro CTalli1Ha. TaK "'TO He AYMal:iTe, YTO 11 ABHrancSI TyAa no 3THM npHYHHaM ... 5I Aenall 3TO llOTOMy, YTO TaM HaXO- A11TCSI secbMa sa>+<Hbli:i nyHKT. BeAb TaM Mbl oTpe3aeM TpaHc- nopTHble nyTH, no KOTOpbiM nepeB03SITCSI 30 MllH T rpy30B, B TOM YHClle 9 MllH T HecpTH. TyAa CTeKallaCb BCl'l nweHH1.4a 113 ntraHTCKI1X o6nacTei:1 YKpaHHbl, Ky6aHH, YT06bl 3aTeM 6b1Tb TpaHcnopTHposaHHOI:i Ha cesep. TaM A06b1Banacb MapraHL4eBaSI pyAa, TaM HaXOAHTCSI rHraHTCKI1i1 nepesanoYHbiH nyHKT. BoT 3TO see Sl 11 xoTen JaxsaTHTb. 1. 0 K8KOM BOeHHO-CTpaTerl.PJeCKOM npOClJeTe COBeTCKOrO KOM8H,ZJ;OB8HHSI HAeT pe"'b B ,ZJ;OKyMeHTe? 2. KaKHe cTpaTerHt~ecKHe BhlrOAhl npeAnonaraJI M3BJieqb I'HTnep H3 aaxoaTa CTaJIHHrpaAa? 3a,ZJ;auHe 3. BnHmHTe nponym;eHHhi e B TeKcTe A8Tbi H <l>aMJUHH. TeM apeMeHeM 6HTBa Ha Bonre paaaepTbiBaJiach c HapacTa- IOIIHM O>KeCTO':IeHHeM. _____ HeMeU,KHe aoH:cKa npopoaJIH 11
  • 13. <j.>poaT Haunu soiicK H BhiUIJIH K Bonre cesepae e CTan Karpa- )a. pa3BCPHYJ1HCb 6oH 3a ropo,n.. Ero o6opoua 6bJJ18 B03JlO»<eHa H8 62-10 apMHIO, KOM8H,D.YIO~HM KOTOpOI1 6biJI Ha3Haqen rea epan , » aa qacTh 64-i;J ap- MHH, KOTOpoii KOM8H,ll.OB8Jl reHepaJI • 3a~HT- HHKH ropo,n.a OTCT8Jt1BaJ1H K8.)K,ll.bl H KB8pT8Jl, K8JK,D.Oe 3,ll.8HHC. ropcTO'-IK8 rsap,n.eiiu;es H3 ,D.HBH3JtiH reaepana A. H. Po,n.HMD;e- sa, so3rJiaBJUieMaSI cep.maHT OM -------------- • OKOJlO .U.BYX MCCSID;eB o6opOHSIJI8 60JibUIOH l.J:CTblpCX3T8JKBbiH ,D.OM Il8 llJIO- l.D;B,ll.H 9 SIHBapa. 3a~HTH:HKH ,D.OMa, HeCMOTpSI H8 OFI<CCTOqen - Hble 8T8KH rHTJiepOBD;eB, ae ,n.porayJIH 11 BblCTOSlJIH ,D.O KOHD;8. 3a.n;auHe 4. 3anOJIBHTeTa6JIHD;y. He.Jt-teqKuu OlcKynaqu01Uibtu peJtCu~t ua meppumopuu CCCP K a paTeJlhUbJe 3KOHOMK'l CCKHC 0 T B OW CHJ.Ie Me pbl M cpw K BOCHHOOJICllllblM 3 a .nauHe 5. ITo KapTe n oKa)tHtTe JIHIIHIO coseTcKo-repMaHcKoro cllPOH'ra BeCBOH 1942 r. H K HOS16pJO 1942 r . qeM Bbl 06'bSICHHTe CTOJlb CTpeM:nTeJlbHOe npO,LJ;BH)KeHHe rrpOTHBHHK8? 12
  • 14. Kapma eoponeticKoit •wcmu CCCP / o BopoHelK 13
  • 15. 3aJJ;auu e 6. flo KapTe llOK8>KHTe paHOHbi HaH60Jiee acpcpCKTHBHbiX ,u;eif- CTBHH napTH3an H no,u;nonbll.HKOB. Ilo'IeMy HMeHHO 3TH pai1- 0Hhi oKa3aJI.HCh 30HOH napTH3ancKoro ABH>KeHHSI? CM. c. 13. 3aJJ;aHHe 7. 3anOJIHHTe T86JIHJJ,Y. H mozu nepBozo nepuooa BeJtwwu OmettecmBennou BOUH.bt Ha <J>poaTe B TbiJIY Bo BHemHeH OOJIHTHKe § 31. COBETCKHH Tblll B BEllHKOH OTEl4ECTBEHHOH BOHHE 3a)l;aH.He 1. IJpOa.H8JIH3HpyiiTe npe,u;CTB.BJieHHble HH>Ke JJ;OKYMeHTbl Jii cpaKTbi H 38llHillHTe OTBeTbi Ha BOllpOCbf. <JlaKTbf I. IlaTpuapmH:H MecTo6JIJOCTHTeJib Cepruif 38 nepshle .u;sa ro.u;a soH:Hbi BbmycTHJI 23 nocJiaHlHI o .u;aposaHHH pyccKoMy Hapo,u;y no6e,u;hl. ITo ero npe,ll.JIO>KeHHJO sepyiOll.HMH 6htJIH C06p8Hbl cpe,li;CTB8 Ha CTpO.HTeJihCTBO T8HKOBOH KOJIOHHhl HM. ,[(MHTPHSl ,[(OHCKOI'O. 14
  • 16. II. 4 cennt:6pSJ 1943 r. CTaJJt111 IIJHIIUJJJ B KpeMJJe MHTpo- n:OJJI1Ta CeprHSJ 11 ABYX ,ll;pyntx Bt.tcuutx uepapxoa PyccKoif npaaocnaBHOH u,epKBH. OJJ BWCKH.lHJt o;1,o6pemte naTpHOTHl.le- CKOfr ,ll;CSJTeJibHOCTH .AYXOBeHCTBI.l II ocpytOLLI,UX rrpaBOCJI8BHOH u,epKBH u ,ll;aJI cornacn e aa H36pamH' IlaTrmapxa MocKOBCKoro H BceSJ Pycu. III. 8 ceHTSJ6pR 1943 r. na IIoMCCTIIOM co6ope IIaTpHapxoM PyccKoif rrpaaocnaBHOH u,epKBH 6btJl H36paH MHTponoJJ HT Ceprwi1 . .ll:oKyMeHTbl H3 pemenust floMecmnozo co6opa Pycc~eou rtpaeocaaenou lfepKeu (<Ocy:HCoenue U3Mennu~eo6 eepe u ome'tecmey•> 8 cenmst6pst 1943 z. BcSIKI1i1 BI1HOBHbiH a 113MeHe o6ll..eu.epKosHoMy Aeny 11 nepe- weAW11i1 Ha CTopoHy cpaWI13Ma KaK npOTI18HI1K KpecTa rocnOAHSI Aa YI1Cni1TCSI OTn yYeHHbiM, a eni1CKOn 11n11 Kn11p11K - ni1WeHHbiM caHa. H 3 Knuzu M. ,!.(:HCuaaca (<JlUlfO momaaumapu3Ata•> PyccKI1i1 naTp11apx, KaK TOnbKO scnbiXHyna soi1Ha, HaYan, He cnpaw11saS1 pa3peweHI1SI npaBI1TenbcTsa, paccbmaTb reKTorpacp11- posaHHble nocnaHI1SI npoTI1B HeMeU,K11X 3axsaTYI1KOB... nocnaHI1SI 3TI1 HaXOAI1nl1 OTKni1K, OXBaTbiBaSI He TOnbKO nOAY11HeHHOe eMy CBSIW,eHCTBO, a ropa3AO 6onee W11pOKI1e Kpyr11. 3TI1 8033BaHI1SI 6bln11 np11sneKaTenbHbiMI1 11 no cpopMe - cpeA11 OAHOo6pa311A COBeTCKOH nponaraHAbl OT HI1X BeSinO CBe>KeCTbiO ApesHero pe- nl1f i103HOrO naTp110TI13Ma. CoseTcKaSI snaCTb 6b1CTpo np11cnoco- 611n acb 11 HaYan a On~-tpaTbCSI Ha u,epKOBb, XOTSI npOAOn>Kana CYI1- TaTb ee nepe>t<I1TKOM npownor o ... CTani1H 11HCT11HKT11BHO noHSin, YTO Hl1 ero COU,HanbHaSI CI1CTeMa, Hl1 BnaCTb He YAep>KaTCR nOA yAapaMI1 HeMeU,K11X apM~-ti1, ecn11 He o6paTI1TbCSI K 11CKOHHbiM CTpeMneHHSIM 11 CaM06biTHOCTI1 pycCKOrO HapOAa. 1. KaK H IIOtteMy H3MeHHJIOCb OTHOUieHHe COBeTCKOI'O rocy- ,ll;8pCTB8 K npaBOCJI8BHOH u,epKBH? 2. B 'leM 3aKJitOqaJJCSJ BKJJaA rrpaaocJJaaHo:H rr.epKBti a o6ll.l,ytO no6e)l;y coaeTCKoro Hapo,ll.a Ha,ll. aparoM? 15
  • 17. 33A3HHe 2. IlepeBO,D, 3KOHOMHKH Ha BOeHHbiH Jla,D, 3aBepWHJIC.R JieTOM 1942 r. IlpHBe,D,HTe npHMepbi, ,D,OK33hiB3IO~He 3TO. 3aAaHHe 3. 3anOJIHHTe Ta6JJHll,Y. Haytca u o6pa3o6aHue e zoobt eoilHbL Oco6eaaocTH paasRTHR OcaoBHble MepoapHHTlfH WKOJibl H ,li,OCTI'OKeBiiH B o6n8CTU H8YKH II 16
  • 18. Oco6eHHOCTH paJBHTHH WKOnbl ITpoiJO.II.JICl'Hul' Ocuosnbfe MeponpiUITIUI 11 /OCTH)KPHIUI B o6naCTH H8YKH 17
  • 19. 3a,IJ.aHHe 4. 3anonuHTeTa6nH~y. Ome'l.ecmBelat.aJl KYJLbmypa 6 ZOObL BOUHbt I - llonymipHble llooynSipHhre AKTCpbl IlucaTeJIH DCCHH MY3h!KaJihHbre TCaTpOB l1 D03Tbi HCfiOJIHHTCJHI 18
  • 20. 3a~auue 5. Paara,11.aiiTe Kpoccsop,ll.. 1 ..--- 2 ~ ...-- 3 ~ 14 5 I I 1 6 I I-- ~ r-- 7 18 1-- r-- - 9 - - - - Ilo ropu aouTaJIH: 4. AsTop rroaMbl ({B acnJIHH TepKHH» . 6. KoMnoanTop, aBTOp 7-:H:, JleHHHrpa,u;cKoii CHM<l>OHHH. 8. lla- BeCTHaSI KHHOaKTp:nca. 9. llCIIOJIHHTeJib rJia.BHOH pOJIH B <l:>HJib- Me (jiiapeHb H3 aamero ropo,11.a)). flo sepTHKann: 1. 'Y<IeHbi:H- 3KOHOMHCT. 2. ITncaTeJib, a.BTOp noBeCTH «BOJIOKOJiaMcKoe moc- ce~. 3. K oMnoaHTOp, asTop necHH • TeMHaSI HO'!.h• . 5. IT:nca- TeJibHIUJ,a, asTop nosecTH «Pa.u;yr a». 7. llcnOJIHHTeJih po;m MaJIIOTbl CKypaTOBa B <t:>HJibMe «llBaB rpo3HbiH». 3a~aune 1. § 32. KOPEHHOH nEPEflOM B XOAE BEnHKOH OTE"tECTBEHHOH BOHHbl ITpoauannanpy:H:Te ,u;aHHhie, ooMe~eHnbte s Ta6nniJ,ax, H aa- nnmHTe OTBeTbl Ha BOITpOCbl. 19
  • 21. Coomttownwe cuJL cmopott Ha coBemcKo-zepJitaHCKOM l/Jponme (HOR6po 1942 Z.) ·- Bo~cKa JlJ1HHH CoaeTCKne fepM8111UI CpllBHCfilUI BOHCKil H ce COJ03HIIKOB JlU'IHblH COCT8B (MJUI qen.) 6,6 6,2 Opy,IHUI u Mlf!IOMCTbi (TbiC.) 77,8 51,7 TaHKH (TbJC.) 7,3 5,1 Ca"10n eT w (TblC.) 4,5 3,5 06u~ee coomttowenue cuJL Ha CmaJLu nzpaiJcKOJit nanpaeJLenuu K .lltOJltettmy tta'la.na ~eonmpftacmynJtenuR coeemcKux eoucK ---- JlJIHHU CoaeTCKHe Bo~crta cpasHemrSJ BOHCKa npOT H BHHK8 JIJ1'lllhii-r COCT!l.B (Thl C. '!CJI. ) 1103 1011 - - TaHKII, WTYPMOnhle li C8MOXO,IJ,· 1463 675 Hhi e opy,IJ,uR Opy,li,UH lf MltiiOMCTbl 15 500 10290 BoeBbiC caMoneTbi 1350 1215 1. 0 K8KHX KOpeHHbiX H3MeHeHI.UIX Ha COBeTCKO-repMSH- CKOM (ppOHTe CBU~eTCJJbCTBYIOT ~aHHbie T86JJHI.(? 2. KaKJ:Ie <PaKTOphl ll03BOJIHJIH H3MeHHTb COOTHOIDeHHe CHJI H cpe~cTB a D OJih3Y CCCP? 3. KaK coseTCKHe soi 'rcKa peaJIR30B8JIH JTO npeHMyiiJ;eCTBO 3HMOH 1943 r.? 3a.n.aHue 2. ilOJJb3Y.fiCb ,11,8HHbi MH yqe6HOW JIHTepaTypbl , 38DOJIHHTC Ta6- JIHu;y • 20
  • 22. Coomnowenue cu.n na Cma.nuuzpaiJcteOM cjJponme "nattaJty teonmpHacmyn.nenu.R. coeemcteux ooilciC 19 no.R.6p.R. 1942 z. repMauun CCCP JlH'IHhiH COCTnB TaaKH CaMoJieThi 3aAanue 3. lloJih3y.HCh AnHHhiMH yqe6no.H JIHTepaTypbr, aanonnuTe Ta6JIH:Uy. llomepu cmopon B Cma;wnzpafJcteou 6umee repMnHH.H CCCP Jli'I'IHhiH COCT8B TaHKH CaMoneThi lloJih3YHCh AaHHhiMH yqe6Hoi1 JIHTepaTyphi, 3anoJIHHTe Ta6mu.1,y. Coomnow.enue cu.n cmopon "natta.ny Kypc1wu 6umBbL repM8HHR CCCP JlH'IHhiH COCT8B T aHKH CaMoJieThl lloJih3y.Hch AaHHhiMH yqe6ao.H JIHTepaTyphi, aanoJIHHTe Ta6JIHUY· 21
  • 23. llomepu cmopon 6 6um6e ua KypcKou iJyze r epMaHHJt CCCP Jh tttHbiH COCT8B TaHKn CaMoneThi 3aAauue 6. 3anOJIBHTe Ta6JIHJ.J,y, HCD0Jlb3YSI M8TepHaJihl y q e6HHKa. H mozu Bmopozo amana BOUiibt Ha cppoHTe B ThiJIY Bo aaemHeif DOJIHTHKe § 34. CCCP HA 3ABEPWAtOll.I,EM 3TAnE BTOPOH MHPOBOH BOHHbl 3aAaHue 1. 3aOOJIHHTe Ta6JIH U.Y. 22
  • 24. Oceo6oiJumeJLbHa.H Jltuccu.R Kpacnou Ap.11tuu e Eepone .[(aTa Co6bJTHe ~----------------~---------- - 3a,ZJ;aHue 2. IJpoaH8JIH3HpyifTe ,11;8HHbl e •ra6JJHI.J,hl J1 38llHIDHTe OTBeThl H8 BOIIpOChl. Coomnowenue cu.Jl cmopon na eeponeucKOM meampe 60eHHblX OeUCm6UU (HattaJ/.0 .HHBUp.H 1945 Z.) - JlHHIHl BoticKa BoHCKI.I repMI.IHHH CoBeT· Cp88HCHH51 COI03HH· CKHC KOB BOllCKI.I Hl.l na 3aii8AC BocTOKe Jl11'-lH bl H COCTI.IB (4CJ1.) 5,7 1,9 3,7 6,7 Opy,AHH (ThiC.) 50,0 45,0 56,2 107,3 TaHKlt 11 CAY (TbiC.) 16,1 3,5 8,1 12,1 Boenbie caMOJJeTbl 16 ,7 2,7 4,1 14,7 (ThiC . ) '--- 1. .Kor,na 6MJI OTKpbiT BTopoH ¢ponT B EBporre? 2. KaK Bhi .u.yMaeTe, uo'!eMy OH 6biJJ OTKPblT c TaKMM orro3- ABHHeM? 23
  • 25. 3. 0 tteM CIHtAeTeJib CTBY IOT npHBeAeHHbie B T 8 6 JIHD;e ).1,8H - H ble ? 3aJJ;anHe 3. 3 a nOJIHHTe T86JIHD;y. Terepaa HJITa IloTc~aM 0 CHOBHble BOeH- able pem ea 11n 24
  • 26. lJpoiJO.l)l(l'/IU(' ~ Terepau } fnTn IlOTCA8M 1-- - e.-- OcHOBHbJe nonn· Tli'reCKlfe peme· Rlf.fl I 3 llnmt.twa. K ury.1 1111a. 9 t!.1 ., 'UH'l t. 2 25
  • 27. 3aJJ.anne 4. 3aHOJIHltT(' Ta6.rmt~y. Hnwzu Bmopou .lltupooou 60UHbt BocBHhiC ilOJUiTII'lCCKHP PA3AEn 5. CCCP a 1945- 1953 rr. § 35. BOCCTAHOBflEHHE 3KOHOMJ-1KH 3aJJ.aHne 1. 3anOJIHI-ITe T86JIHU;y 118 OCUOB81111H M8'1'epHaJia y4e6HI1Ka R IIpOKOMMeHTHpy:iiTe. MamepuaJLollbtit ypon, uanecntubtil coeemcKo.llty uapoiJy zumJLepoecKoit azpeccueil fiOTCpH U.n<}lpbt l1oru6: 10 COBCTCKIIX JIIO,li,Cli P aapyrueuo: ropo.noa cen H ,uepe aeH b npOMbiWJICIIHblX npe,u.npi1Stnlii waxT I K l1nOMeTp08 >KeJIC3HbiX ,li.Opor IJoceBHbl(' ll.10Il8/(H COKpaTHJI ~fCb H8 0 6Il.IHH Mll'l'CpllaJi bllbiH y~ep6 COCTaUt JI 26
  • 28. 3a,ZJ;anne 2. 3aiiOJIHHTe Ta6JIH~Y IIO MaTepn aJiaM y -qe6HHKa H OTBeTbTe H8 BOIIpOC. /l,OXOObl COBf'ntCICUX zpaJICOaH U CntOU.MOCmb JICU.JHU 6 nocJLe60PHiibte zoobt IToKaaaTenM ll;liC}>phl Cpe,ZJ;HeMeCH'IHa.H aapnnaTa CTOI1MOCTb: 1 Kr xne6a 1 Kr MHCa 1 Kr CJlHBO"lHOrO M8CJI8 ,ZJ;eCSITKa SII1II, rnepCTHIIOrO KOCTlOM8 Kai<OBhl, na Bam n3rJIH.ZJ;, o6'heKTHBIIhie H cy6'heKTHBHhi e rrpl1'-lHHhl TaKoro THmeJioro noJlomemiH uaceJJeHHH CCCP B no- cJieBoeHHbie rO.ZJ;hi? 27
  • 29. 3a.rr.anHe 3. IlOJI b3yHCb TCKCTOM y<Je6HJ.1Ka, OIIHllillT€ aJJbTepnaTl1.BHbi€ TOliK~i 3p emiH s p yKOBOACTBe CCCP nocne BOHHbJ Ha nepcneKTH- Bht aKOHOMJ.1<JecKoi1: CTpaTerHH. KTo ux npeJJ.cTasmw s rrpaaw- •reJibCTBe u LI;K BKII(6)? 28
  • 30. 3a,!J.aHnc 4. IIpo'IHTaihe ,!I.OKyMenT H OTBeTb'r C Ill uoupochi. H 3 pe'£u H . B. Ctnanuna na co6pa1wu u36upameneii Z. MOCK-6bt 9l}Je6paML 1946 z. 0CHOBI-tble 3aAaYH HOBOr O nsnHneTHero nnaHa COCTOSIT B TOM , YT06bl BOCCTaHOBHTb nOCTpaAaBWHe paHOHbl CTpaHbl, BOCCTaHO- BI1Tb AOBOeHHbiH y p o seHb npOMbiWfleHHOCTI-1 11 cenbCKOro X03SIH- CTBa 11 3aTeM npeB30HTI1 3TOT yposeHb B 6onee Hfll1 MeHee 3Ha- 4HTeflbHbiX pa3Mepax. H e ros o p SI y>t<e o TOM, YTO s 6nH>+<ai1w ee BpeMSI 6yAeT OTMeHeHa KapTOYHaSI CI1CTeMa, OC06oe BHHMaHI1e 6yAeT o6paw,eHO Ha paCWHpeHI1e np0113B0ACTBa npeAMeTOB WH- pOKOrO norpe6ne HHSI, Ha noAHSITHe >t<H3HeHHor o ypoBI-tSI TPYASI- W.HXCSI nyreM nocneAOBaTeflbHOr O CHH>f<eHHSI l..l,eH Ha TOBapb11 Ha wHpoKoe cTpOHTenbcrao BCSIKOr o p oAa Hay4HO-HccneAoaar e n b- CKHx HHCTHTYTOB, MOryUJ,HX AaTb B03MO>f<HOCTb HayKe p a3Bep- HYTb CBOH CHflbl. 1. Co nceMH JIH npHae,n.eHHh1MH noJiomeH H RMH peqw BhJ co- rJiacrroi ? Ilot:IeMy? 2. K naqaJI Y 50-x rr. npoMbLillJICHHOCTb 11 ceJibCKoe X03RM - CTBO CCCP OKa3aJIHCb a KaTacTpO<l>H'iCCKOM noJiomeHJ.HL B TO me speMR oqmu,HaJioHaH nponaraH,n.a ynop Ho TBep.n.wJia o I<O- JioccaJihHhlX ycn exax n pa3BHT HR 3KOHOMHKH cTpaHhr. IIpo- KOMMen TvrpywTe :3TO npOTHBOpeqne. l.JeM MQ)KHQ 06'b$lCIIHTh CJIO)KHBllJCCCJI K :3TOMy BpCMCHl1 DOJIOmCHHe? Ilp0'1.HTaiiTe ,D.OKYMCHT 11. OTBCThTC H8 BOTipOChi. H 3 6Mcmynnenu.R. npeiJceiJamenn apmenu << BnepeiJ•> (lJenR.6u,ncK-aR. o6nacm b) JlanoBa (non6pb 1946 z.) Cei:iyac np11 cosercKo~ sn acr 11 HapoA 11 KpecTbSIHe 4YBCTsy- IOT ce6SI yrHe TeHHbiMH, pa6ora10r oT ryAKa AO ryAKa. Kp ecTbSI- He HH4ero He HMetOT, so seeM orpaHHYeHbl, o6w,ecr aeHHbJe 3eMnH nopocn11 copHSIKOM, KaYecrso o6pa6orKH 3eMnH nnoxoe, xy>t<e, YeM a crapoe speMSI. CenbX0311HBeHrapb 11 MaWHHbl He 6eperyTCSI, a flOMaiOTCSI, TaK KaK KOflX03HHKI1 He CYHTaiOT 11X CBOI1MI1 co6crseHHbiMH, a 4Y>+<HMI1, Konxo3HbtMI1••. EcnH 6bl Ha- we cenbcKoe X03SIHCTBO ace speMSI pa3BI1Banocb raK >+<e, KaK a nepHOA npoaeAeHHSI H3na, ro renepb, a 1945 rOAY, Ka>t<AbiH KpeCTbSIHI1H-eAHHOflHYHHK HMen 6bl B CBOeM HHA11BHAyanbHOM X0- 3SIHCTBe r paKr op, asr oMaWHHY 11 Apyr oi:i HHBeHrapb. KpecTbSIHe HMenH 6bl H3o6HnHe npOAYKTOB 11 Hl1 a 4eM He HY>+<AanHcb. 29
  • 31. 1. KaK Bbl AYMacTc, B LJeM OCHOBHaSI npul.JHHa orrHC8HHOi1 CHTY8U,HH? 2. 3a K8Kllf' HMeHHO DOJJO>KeHHSl :>TOrO 3l'ISlBJieHHSl JlanOB 6hlJI 06'hSlBJieH BJI8CTSlMH THfiHl.JHhlM npe,I.CT8BHTeJieM U<yJiau,- KOH sepxymKH • 11 penpeccHposan? 3. lJeM MO>KHO 06'bSlCHHTb T8KYJO >KeCTKYJO peaKil,HIO BJI8CTeii? 4. llpaBOMepHO JIH npHBe,l.eHUOe 8 ,1.0KyMeHTe cpaBHeHHe DOCJieBOeHHOrO JTOJIO>KeHHSl B COBeTCKOH ,1.epeBHe C rrepHOAOM H:ma? Ha qeM 6biJia ocuosana ysepeHHOCTh Jlanosa B acp¢eK- THBHOCTH B03Bp8T8 K H3DOBCKOH MO,I.eJIH? BbiJI JIH T8KOH B03- Bp8T B03MO>KeH JTOCJie OKOH'I8HHSl BOHHbi? § 36. nonHTH"'ECKOE PA3BHTHE 3a.r.aHne 1. IlpO'IHT8HTe AOKyMeHT H OTBeTbTe Ha !IOCT8BJieHHbie BO- npOCbl. H3 unfjJopMa~uu HoBzopoocKozo o6KoMa napmuu 8 U,K BKfl(6) o xapaKmepe 8WCKa3w8anuu zpamoan 6 Kanyn 6w6opo8 6 Bepxo6Hbtii CoBem CCCP ( f]Je6pa"'b 1946 z.) IlpHBOAUM OTAeJihHhle BbiCTynJieHHSl B ropo,l.e BopoBH'IH: «no"!eMy TOilbKO OT HaC 6epyr, a HaM HI1Yero He AatOTh> «CTOI-H 1111 ronocosaTb, KOrAa see paBHO Bbl6epyr KOMMYHI1- cros?» «Bbi60pb1 y HaC HeAeMOKpaTI1'-IHbl, a Bb1611pa10T TOilbKO roro, Koro Ha3Ha"'I1T napr11R. 3ro He Bbl6op b1, a CMex». «YI-lran nono>+<eHI1e o Bbl6opax. AyMan Hai:1r11 s HeM KaK11e-n116o 113Me- HeHI-1R B Il0Ilb3Y AeMOKpaTI111... H1-14ero He HaUJen. no-npe>+<He- MY Bbl6opb1 6yAyr OAHOH «B11AHMOCTbtO», H BOHAYT s Bepxos- HbiH Coser re, KTO yroAeH napT1111» . «HHKaKoi1 AeMOKpaTHI1 y Hac Her. Y11raeUJb npo 3arpaHHU.Y, raM Bb1611pa10r or pa3HbiX napT11H 11 Aa>+<e OT penHrH03HbiX o6UJ,HH. A y HaC TOilbKO OT OA- HOH napr~-111, xo"!eUJb He XO"'eUJb, a Bb161-1pai:1. KaKaR >+<e ryr cso- 6oAa? 51 npocro Bbl4epKHY scex KaHAHAaTOB». 1. KaK Bhl c~m:TaeTe, o 'IeM CBH,I.eTeJihCTBYIOT 3TH BhiCKa3hi- aaHHSl? 2. l.JeM MO>KHO 06'bSlCHHTb T8KHe H8CTpOeHHSl H36HpaTeJieH? 3. l.JTO, nO-Bl'lllleMy, npe,l.npHHHM8JJ8 BJJ8CTb ITO OTROIIIeHHJO K TeM, KTO BblCK83hiB8JICSl fiOA06BblM o6pa30M? IlpHBe,I.IITe npH- Mephi. 30
  • 32. 3a,l{anHe 2. IJpO'IHTa}iTe ,D;OKy M e HTbi .H O'fBe 'r h 'l'C' lffi .BOU pOCbi. H3 y1ea3a Tlpe3uiJuyMa Bepxoonozo Cooema CCCP om 21 .02.48 z. 06SI3aTb M~-tHI-1CTepcTBO BHyTp eHHI-1X Aen CCCP scex o T6brsa- tOW,I-1X HaKa3aHI-1e B OC06biX narepSIX H TIOpbMaX Wni-10HOB, Al-1- sepcaHTOB, TeppOpHCTOB, TpOU,KI-ICTOB, npaBbiX, MeHbWeBHKOB, 3Cepos , aHapX1-1CTOB, HaU,HOHaJ1HCTOB, 6eJ103M11rpaHTOB H y'laCT- HI1KOB Apyr l1x aHTI1coseTCKHX opr aHI-13au,Hi1 H rpy nn H nHu,, npeA- cTaBJ1SitOW,HX onaCHOCTb no CB011M aHTHCOBeTCKI-1M CBSI3SIM 11 spa>+<Ae6Hoi1 AeRTeJ1bHOCTI-1, no HCTe'leHHI1 cpoKos HaKa3aHI1SI Ha- npasnS~Tb no Ha3Ha'leHHtO MHHHCTepCTsa r o cyAapCTseHHOM 6e3o- nac HOCTI1 CCCP s ccbrnKy Ha noceneHHe noA HaA30 p opr aHOB MHHI1CTep cTsa rocyAapcTBeHHoi1 6e3onacHOCTH. H3 y1ea3a Upe3uiJuyM.a Bepxo6nozo Co6ema CCCP om 26.11.48 z. 3a caMOBOJlbHbiH Bble3A (no6er) 113 MeeT o6S~3aTeJ1bHoro no- ceneHHSI.. . BHHOBHble J10AJ1e>t<aT npHBne'leHHtO K y r OJ10BHOH OT- Be TCTBeHHOCTI1. OnpeAenHTb Mepy HaKa3aHHSI 3a no npeCTynne- HHe B 20 neT KaTOp>t<HbiX pa60T. Aena s OTHoweHI-1H no6er os BbrceneHu,es paccMaTpHsatOTCSI s O co6o M co sew,aHI111 np11 MI1HI1CTepcTse sHyTpeHHr-tX Aen CCCP. 1. K aK Bbi AYMae1·e, 'leM MO>KHO o6'h$'1CH HTb II0$'1BJieHHe Ta- Koro YKa3a HMeHHO IIOCJie OKOH<i8HHSI BOHH ht? 2 . ITpot.ITHTe rrep e'IHCJieHH hi e KaT eropHH «aparon Hapo,n;a •>, npHne,n;errHhle B YKaae. KaKHe H3 no.HBHBIUHXCH B xo,n;e H nocne OK0Ht.I8HH.H BOHHhi K8TeropH H B HeM OTCYTCTBYIOT? 3. l.{eM Bhl MOmeTe 06'b$'1CHHTh yBeJIHt.IeHHe lfHCJieHHOCTH 38- K JIIOt.IeHHhi X B Jiarep$'1X H TIOpbMaX IIOCJie BOHHhl nO IIOJlliTHlfeC- K H M MOTH B8M? 4. l.JTo Bhi JHaeTe o ,n;eSITeJibiiOCTH O co6 hi X coneiQaHHH npH MB,D,? Kor,n;a H B CBSI3H c <!eM OHH snepBhie 6hiJIH C03,ll,8 H hr? l.JeM MOmHO 06'b.HCHHTh HX BBe,D;eBHe? CocTaBbTe COt.IHHeHHe-MHHHaTropy o rroc JiesoeHHOM o6lJ1eCT- seHHo- noJJHTH•recKoM K JUIM8Te B COBeTCKOM 06li1eCTBe OT JllU.J;8 o,n;Horo H3 cro rrpe,n;cTaBH Teneii (npe,n;cTaBHTeJI$'1 rra p THHH o - r o- cy,n;apcTBeHHO~ HOMeHKJiaTypW, BOCH HOI'O ,ll,eSlTeJISl , rrpe,ll,CC,D,a - TeJJH KOJIX038, pa60'lero, KOJIX03Hl1K8, n pe,ll,CT8BHTeJISl rop o,D,- CKOif H HTeJimfr eHI.l;HH ) . 31
  • 33. 32
  • 34. 3aAauue 4. ,D;a:ihe no cpoTorpacpHH xapaKTepHCTHKY u cTopa"'ecKoMy Ae.R:- Temo. (f)oTo CTaJIJiHa <l>aMHJUIJI, UMJI, OT"'eCTBO 06pa30B8HHe - -- - - -- - - - -- - - - -- - -- - XapaKTep - ----------------------------------------- l.J:eM npocnaBHJIC.R: B HCTOPHH cTpaHhl 33
  • 35. 3 a,IJ,aHite 5. 3arroJinHTe Ta6mu~y. flocJLeeoelliWR FwquoHa.llbHaR no.llumwca OcHOBHhie Ha n paanemut OcnoBHhie peaynh1'8'rbi 34
  • 36. flpoiJ0/1.)1(('H Ul? Ocsoasble sanpaaneHHa Ocsoaable pe3yn&T8Thl § 37. HAEOJlOrHSI H KYJlbTYPA 3a.a;auHe 1. 0TBeTbTe IIHCbMeHHO 88 IIOCT8BJieHHbie BOIIpOCbi. 1. qeM Bbl MOmeTe 06'b.HCHHTb BOCCT8HOBJieHHe •meJie3HO- ro aasaaeca• nocne OKOH"'<:IaHH.H BTopo:H MJ.IpoaoH: aoH:Hw? 2. B 'leM KOHKpeTHO STO npoRBHJIOcb? 3. KaKHe nocne,n;cTBH.H HMeno ,D;JI.H coseTcKo:H KYJibTYPbl H H8YKH rrpoae,n;eHM.e B mH3Hb Kypca Ha C8MOW30Jl.HD;HJO? 3a,a;aHHe 2. HanHmHTe no.a; nopTpeTaMH <PaMHJIHH ,a;e.HTene:H KYJihTYPbi H KpaTKO OTBeTbTe H8 llOCT8BJieHHhle BOilpOCbl. 35
  • 37. 1. ABTOJHlMH 10IUI X npOli3BC,li;CIHfii OHH HBJlSIJOTCSI? 2. Kai< OTIICCJ18Cb BJ18CTb K ~I X 1'B0pt.ICCTBY B IIOCJlCBO('lJ- 11 hie r op;ht? 3. Kar< CJIOmHJiach Jn Pmast cy,u;h6a O'I'H X JIIO,u;en a ABJih- uciirneM? 4. B t.IeM Bhi BH/VtTe rrpHl.IHnht 'l'ai<oro oTuomcHHSI sJiacTe H. K TBOp'ICCTBY OTUX npe,li.CT8BHTCJICH OTC<lCCTBCHH OH KYJihTypbt? llpO•UIT8HTC ,li;OKYMCHT H IIHCbMCHHO OTBCTbTC H 8 D OCT8BJICH- Hbie sonpochl. HJ rcnuzu 1'. n.Burune6crcoii (<ra/I.UH.U>> AKrepbt 1-1rpator noYTI-1 e nycr btx 3anax - ny6nHKa nepecra- na XOAHTb e rearp... TaK 6onbHO cnbtwarb, KaK 3aMeYar enbHbte aprHCTbt AneKcaHApHiicKoro rearpa, CTbtAS!Cb caMHX ce6SI, Ha- TY>KHO, c no>KHbtM na¢ocoM BbtKpHKHaator rpecKyYHe ¢pa3bt, npocnaanS!toW.He napr~-110 1-1 ee eenHKoro BO>KASI. .. 0AHO yrewe- HHe: Mano KTO HX CnbtWI1T. 8 Beni1KOnenHOM - C 6apxaTOM 11 no- 30nOTOH - 3ane AneKcaHAP11HCKoro rearpa Ha 1200 Mecr C11ASIT HeCKOflbKO AeCSITKOB YenOBeK. ~ Sl cpeA11 HI1X . 1. l..JeM Momrro o6'hstCHHTb peat<oe na)l.e nue HHTe p eca 3PHTe- nei1 K TC8TJ)8JlbHblM OOCT8HOBK8M B IIOCJICBOCllJibl C rOtr;bi? 36
  • 38. 2. l..J.eM MOjf{HQ 06'h.HCI H1Th HaJIO) I( (' IIIIO(' 8 OTphlBKC BOCOO· Mlf H 8HHH !'. fl. BHIIJHeBCKOH OTIIO!IH'IIIIC' K CJtTya~HJf B O)J.IIOM 113 Be)J.yll.HX TC8Tpon? l..J.TO HOBOrO npOSIBHJIOCb HMCIIIIO B JlOCJieBOCHHblC rO~bJ ? 3aLJ.aHue 4. IlpOtiHTaiiTe OTpblBOK ~13 ~OKYMCJ1T8 n OTBCTbTC Ha BOllpOCbl. H3 6bl-CKa3bl-6anur1 Jl. ,ll,. JlaniJay ( 1947) 5I 11HTepHa~I10HanHCT1 HO MeHR Ha3b iBaiOT KOCMOnOnHTOM. 5I He pa3Aenstl0 HayKI1 Ha COBeTCKYIO 11 3apy6e)I{HYIO. MHe CO- eepweHHO 6e3pa3ni14H0 1 KTO CAenan TO 11n11 11HOe OTKpb1TI1e . no- 3TOMY 11 He Mory np11HI!Tb y4aCTHe e TOM yTpJ.1poeaHHOM noA- 4epK11BaHI111 np110p11TeTa COBeTCKOH 11 pyCCKO~ HayK11, KOTOpoe ce~4aC npOBOAHTCR. 1. KaKoso same OTHOUJeiHt:e K rro3III.JH1 aKa)J.CMHKa JI. JlaH- .n.ay? 2. l..J.eM BbJ MO)[<CTC 06'bSICHHTb K8M118111-Il0 00 6opb6C C «KO<'MO · ll0JIHTH3MOM• B COBCTCKOii nayKe n KYJib'l' YPC B ::JTH rO)J.hl'? 3. B qeM KOHKpeT HO ::JTa 6opb6a Bbtpajf{aJiacb? 4. KaKHe .n.e.HTCJU I KYJibTYPbi n nayKH rrocTpa.n.aJIH B xo.n.e :JTOH K8Mil8HHn? 5. KaK Bbi MOjf{CTC ou;cHUTh nocJIC/~<''l'R HSl 6opb6hl c «KOCMO· JIOJIJ1TH3MOM» )J.JISI pa3B II'l'H.H COBCTCKOii IIHYKI1 Ji KYJihTypbr'? 37
  • 39. 3a.ZJ;anue 5. 1. ,lJ;aMTCOnpe.ZJ;ene m'le UOHH THHM, DpliBep,eHHbiM HHme: KOCMOllO]]Ji TbJ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - BHonor H·Meu.u.enHCTbi - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - reueTHKa -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- -- - - - Kw6epueTHKa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - M y3hiKaHTbi-cj>OpManncTbi - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38
  • 40. 3a_uauue 6. 1. KpaTKO OOJ1WHTC ~OCTU>KCIIIUI OTC~IeCTBCHHOH nayKH Ji1 KYJibTypw B nepBbiC OOCJICBOCIIHbiC 1'0 / (bl, KOTOpbiC npOH3BCJIJi1 ua aac H8~160Jtbrnee ane'laTnenuc. 2. B 'leM Bbl BH~nTe rnaBHhte npc.nnoCb!JIK.H ontx ~ocTnJKe­ nwii? § 38. BHEWHSISI nonHTHKA 3a.LJ;aHHC 1. IlpO'lHT8ii're TeKCT H Bhf'ICpKHHTe JIJ.IIUHH C llYJJKTbl. ,ll;oKTpl1Ha TpyMOHa: 1) IUUpOKOM8CWT86U8H 3KOHOM H 'ICCK8Sl OOMOJl.lb CTpaHaM EapOHhJ; 39
  • 41. 2) o6p8301HlHI-1e BOCI!IIO·IIO.'HiTlPieCKOPO C0l038 38II8).l.HhlX CTpaH DOA 31'll).l.Oii CiliA; 3) pa3MeiiJ;CHRe s6JTM3H rpaHim; c CCCP aMepwKaHcKwx soeH· HblX 6a3; 4) llO).l.).l.Cp>KKa BHyTpenncH OIIII03UillfH B CTpaHaX BoCTOtlllOH Enpom,r; 5) 38KJIJO'IeH:He sceo6'heMJIIO~cro ).l.Orosopa Mem.ny CiliA n CCCP c IJ,eJibiO rrpc).l.OTBpa~eHHSI HOROH MHponoii noiiHhi; 6) ).l.OnyiiJ;CHUe HCIIOJib30BamtSI BOeHHOH CUJihl npOTIIB C'C'CP Hero COI03HUKOB. 3a~anite 2. H3 6W-cmynJI,e1£UJt Y. qep'tuli.JI.Jl 6 z . Cl>y11.mone (CiliA) 5 Mapma 1946 z. Mbr noHI1MaeM, "lTO pycct<11e AOn>t<Hbl "lyscrsosarb ce6st s 6e3- onacHOCTI1 Ha CS011X 3anaAHbiX rpaHI1'-'aX OT KaKOrO-ni160 S0306- HOSneHI1SI repMaHcKoi1 arpecc1111. Mbr np11sercrsyeM 3aHstTI1e Poce11ei1 nonara10U4eroest ei1 Meera epeA11 pyKosOASIW.HX Ha'-'1111 M11pa ... 0AHaKO MOR o6R3aHHOeTb 3at<ni0Yaerest S TOM, "lT06bl npeA- CTaSI1Tb nono>+<eHHe e Espone. Or Wrerr11Ha Ha E>anr11t<e AO Tp11ecra Ha AApHaTI1Ke >Kene3- HaSI 3aBeea cnyer11naeb Ha t<OHTI1HeHT. 3a 3TOH nHHHeH xpaHSITest see cot<pos11w,a ApesHI1X roeyAapers Ll,eHrpanbHOH 11 BocroYHOi1 Esponbl. Bapwasa, E>epn11H, npara, BeHa, E>yAanewT, 6enrpaA, E>yxapeer, Cocp11st - see 3TI1 3HaMeHHTbre ropoAa 11 HaeeneHI1e S 11X paHOHaX HaXOAstTeSI B coseret<OH Ccpepe 11 BCe nOAYHHSIIOT- eSI... He TOnbKO COSeTeKOMY Sni1RHI110, HO 11 B 3HaYHTenbHOH CTe- neHI1 yeeni1YI1SatOl1.eMyeSI KOHTpontO MocKSbl... KoMMYHI1CTI1"leCt<l1e napr1111, Koropbre 6brnl1 oYeHb He3HaYI1- renbHbl eo seex 3TI1X soeroYHbiX rocyAapersax Esponbl, AOeTHr- nl1 11eKntOYI1TenbHOH e11nb1, HaMHOrO npeSOCXOASIW,eH 11X YI1CneH- HOeTb, 11 CTpeMSITCR setoAY yeraHOSI1Tb TOTanl1rapHbiH KOHTpOnb. non11u,ei1et<11e npas11renbcrsa npesan11py10r noYTH so scex 3THX crpaHax 11 AO Hacrostw,ero speMeHI1, 3a 11eKntOYeHI1eM Yexo- cnosaKI111, s Hl1x He eyw,ecrsyer H11KaKoi1 noAn11HHoi1 AeMot<pa- TI111. TypU,11R 11 n epC11SI rny6ot<o serpeso>t<eHbl 11 o6ecnOKOeHbl npereH311SIMI1, Koropbre oeyw,ecrsnster Moet<oset<oe npasl1- renbcrso... B 3HaYI1TenbHOM 6onbWI1HCTse erpaH, oreTOSIW,HX AaneKo or pyceKI1X rpaHI1U, 11 pa36pocaHHbiX no BCeMy M11py, C03AaHbl KOM- MYHI1CTI1YeeK11e «nRTbre KonoHHbl)), t<oropbre Aei1crsytor s non- HOM eA11HeH1111 11 a6eontOTHOM nosi1HOSeHI111 yt<a3aHHSIM, nony- YeHHbiM or KOMMYHI1eTI1Yeet<oro '-'eHrpa ... 5I He sep10 s ro, YTO Coserct<ast PoccHst xoYeT sOHHbl. 0Ha XOYeT nnOAOB BO~Hbl 11 6e3rpaHI1YHOrO pacnpocrpaHeHHSI CBOeH Cl1nbl 11 eBOI1X AOKTpHH... 40
  • 42. Hawa crapa11 AOKTp11Ha pasHosec11SI SIBnSieTCSI HecocTOSITenb- HOH. Mbl He MO>t<eM no3som1Tb ce6e nonaraTbCSI Ha He3Ha'ii1Tenb- HbiH nepesec s c11nax, C03AaBaSI reM caMbiM co6na3H Aflll npo- 6bl Cl11l ••• [npeAorspal.l..l,eHI1e soi1Hb1] MO>+<Ho o6ecne'ii1Tb, ronbKO ecn11 s HaCTOSII..IJ,ee speMII, s 1946 r., 6yAeT AOCTI1rHyro nonHoe B3a- 11MOnOHI1MaHiofe c Pocc11ei1 no seeM sonpocaM nOA o61.1..1,11M py- KOBOACTBOM 06beA11HeHHbiX Haa.vtl1. H3 unmepBb10 H. B. Cmaauna za3eme <<llpaBiJa•> 14 Mapma 1946 z. Bon p o c: KaK Bhr pacu,eHHBaeTe nocne~HIOID pe'Ib r-Ha lJep~mJIJIH, npoH3neceiiHYID nM a Coe~HHeHHblX IllTaTax AMe- pimn:? 0 T a e T: H pacu,enHBaiD ee KaK onacnbiii aKT, pacC'IliTan- Hbrii H8 TO, tJT06bi llOCCSITb CeMeHa p83AOP8 Me>K~Y COl03HblMll I'OCy)l.8pCTB8MH .11 38TPYAH11Tb HX COTpy,n;HntteCTBO. Bon p o c: MomHo JIH c<mTaTb, ttTO pe'-lb r-Ha lJepquJIJIH npl-flJHHHeT ~ep6 )l,CJIY Mnpa U 6e30ll8CHOCTII? 0 T BeT: Be3ycnosHo, )l,a. ITo cyTH ,n;e.1a r - n lJep'IHJIJib CTO- HT Tenepb Ha no3IHJ:HH no)l.mHraTenn soiiHhl ••• Ilo cyTH )l.eJia r-u qep'IHJIJib H ero APY3hH a AHrJIHH u CUIA npe~'hHBJIHIOT H8U,HSIM, He I'OBOpSiliJ,HM H8 8HI'JIHiicKOM Sl3biKe, He'-ITO BpOp,e Y1IhTI1MaTyMa: npn3naihe uarne rocno)l,CTBO p,o6posOJibH O - H TOr)l,a ace 6y,n;eT B nopH)l.Ke. B npontBH0:1. c11~ae rren36em- ua aoiiHa••• Bon p o c: KaK Bw pacu,eRHBaeTe TY t.J.aCTb pe<m q epqun- JIH, l')l,C OH H8ll8)l,8CT H8 ~eMOKp8THtfCCKUH CTpOH COCe~HltX c H8Mn eaponeiicKnx rocy)l.apcTB 11 r.n.e OH xpu:THKyeT .n.o6po- coce)l.CKHe OTHOlliCHHSI, YCT8HOBHBIDHCC.R Memp,y 3TliMH rocy- )l,8pCTB8MH 11 CoaeTCKi!M Co1030M? 0 T BeT: 3Ta '!8CTb petJH 1Jept!11JIJ1.R npe,li.CT8BJIHCT CMCCb 3JICMCHTOB KJICBCTbl C 3JleMCHTBMH rpy60CTH H. 6eCT8KTHOCTll. . • 1. Kax Bhi Jl.YMaeTe, 6hiJIH .1n OCHOBaHml y lJep'IliJIJIH H )l.pyrnx 38llBAHbiX llOJIHTHKOB He )l.OBepSITb COBCTCKOMY py- KOBO)l,CTBY OOCJIC OKOH'-18HHSI BOHIIbi? Ilot.J.eMy? 2. MomeTe JIH Bbi H8liTH B pequ lJeptiHJIJISI MOTHBbi peaJih- HOH yrpo3hi a a)l.pec CCCP? 3. CornacHhi JIH sw c ou,eHK 8MH CTaJIHHa BhlCTynJieHHH lJepqn:JIJIH a <l>yJIToue? IIotteMy? 3a.n.aHue 3. Bhrt~epKHUTe JIIIUIBee u KPBTKO o6'hflCHHTe rroqeMy. 0CHOBHhie IIP~1Hll11llbl Iii HanpaBJICHJHI BHCUIHeH llOJillTIIKU CCCP nocJie OKOHttaHHfl BTopon Muposoii soiiHhi: 1 }{nnu.,on. Korymuu1., 9 t<.1 , •uu·n. 2 41
  • 43. 1) paClllllJ)CHHe CCpep BJHUIIIU.H B Mll pe; 2) o6pcTemre cTaTyca MHposoi-i ;:t;Pp>KHBhi; 3) pacuwpcuue soeauor o npucyTCTBliSI s cTpanax !Oro-Boc- TO'IHOH Esponbl H A3Hn; 4.) yKpCTIJJeHne TI03HLVdl MHpOBOr O KOMMYHHCTH'leCl<OrO ;:t;BH>KeHHSI a CTpanax 3ana.n;a; 5) Kypc Ha c6nu>KeH He u coTpy.n;HwrecTso CCCP c 3ana,n;oM; 6) cTpeMJieHue u36cmaTh MHposoH: soifHht; 7) aceMepuast rroMOUh nalJ.ItOHaJihHO·ocso6o,n;I1TeJihllhiM ;:t;BH>KeHHSIM; 8) Kypc Ha paaopy*enHe; 9) M WpHoe COCytl.eCTB088HHe; 10) pa3BHTHe coJ03HH'lecKnx OTHOmcHuii c ClllA, A nr;meii H ct>paHu;1teif; 11) paasuTne pasHorrpasu oro COTPY/HH'lecTBa CCCP co CTpa- uaMn napO;:t;HOH ,ll;CMORp8TIIH. 3a.u.aaue 4. llnChMCHHO OTBCTbTe Ha O;:t;HH H3 UOCT8BJICHHbiX Y'lHTCJICM BOTipOCOB. 1. B 'leM Bbt BH;:t;HTC npH'l:Hllhl Y*CCTO'leHHSI BJtemHeH no- JiwrnKH CT8JIHHCKOf'O pyKOBO;:t;CTB8 IIOCJie OKOH'l8HHH BOHHbt? 2. q TO CT8JIO KYJihMI1H8U.HCH o6ocTpCHHSI OTHOillCHHH MC)K· .n;y BocTOKOM H 3ana.n;oM s 1945- 1952 rr.? 3. KaK MO>KHO oxapaKTepuaosaTh O'l'HOmeHHR Me*;:t;Y CCCP u cTpaHaMlf Hapo.n;Hoii: .n;eMoKpaTHH H no4.eMy'l 4. "LITo HOBoro nostBHJIOCh so snewHeii rroJIHTHKC CCCP no- CJie aoifHbr? 5. KaK Bbl o u;enHsacTe Mem.n;yHapo.n;noe nono>KeHJ.1e CCCP K ~oMeHTY cMepTH CTaJiuHa B MapTe 1953 r.? 42
  • 44. 3a,IJ;aHHe 5. 3arrOJIHHTe T86JIHO:Y. Cma.llUHC1COe oec.Jlmu.ne mue <<XO.IIOOHOU 80Uilb£l) ,rt;eifcTBIUI CiliA II cTpaH 3ana,u;a ,ll;ewcTBH.R CCCP 11 ero COI03HI1KOB Pa3Aen 6. CCCP a 1953-M - CEPEAHHE 60-x rr. XX a. § 39. J.13MEHEHHSI nonHTJ.1YECKOH CHCTEMbl liHCbMeHHO OTBeTbTe Ra ITOCTaBJieHHhle BOnpOCbi . 1. ICaKHe napTHitHbie H rocy,u;apcTBeHHhie noCThi 3aHHMa- JIH r. M. MaJieHKOB, Jl. n. BepHSI, H. c. Xpy~eB rrpH :>KH3- HH CTaJinna? 2. KaK~>fe nocThl onH rronyqHJIH rrocJie cMepTH CTam·ma? 3. qTO o6~ero 6biJIO s rrpoeK'T'ax peqlOpM, npe,a;JiomeHHhiX :>THMH noJIHTHKaMH nocne cMep'T'H CTaJIHua? 43
  • 45. 4. llo KRKHM OCHOBHblM H8Dp3BJICHl1SIM OinJ npe,n;nOJI81'8JIH pec)>OPMl1p088 Tb llOJIHTH'iCCKylO CHCTCMY COBCTCKO!'O 06~CCTBU'? 5. B 'ICM 6b1na npHHu;u n H anhrraR pa3HHu,a no,n;xo,n;oa :JTHX DOJlU'l'lii<OB K peq>OpMHpOB8HHIO COBCTCKOI'O o6~eCTB8 ri OCJI C cMepTu CTaJJH Ha? 6. KaK CJJO)tUIJlach noJIIi'l' H'ICCKaSI n JIH<tHaSI cy,n;h6a Kam- ,n;oro J.l3 3THX DOJIHTHI<OB B ,li;8JlhHCHllleM? IJo~ICMy? 3a)l8HHC 2. CooTHCCHTe co6hJTHR n ,n;eRTenew onoxH. 1. AM ll lfCTHH 38KJll04errnhlx B 1953 r. 2. llpeKpa~cmfe «,n;ena apa•reii:». 3. IlatiUJIO pca6HJIHT8U,HH mepTB C1'8JIJ.IllCKOI'O np0~13BOJl8. 4. Pea6unH'rau,HR mepTB • neHHHI'pa.a.cKoro .a.ena ». 5. Oprau u 3au,uH apecTa Bep11~1. 6. ,[{oKna,n; u a XX c'bea,n;e KIJCC o KYJibTe JIHqHocTu CTaJJMHa. 44
  • 46. 7. llorrhlTKa cMew,cnun Xpy u('Bn c nocTa Jin~cpa Knee (1957). 8 . eHSI'I'HC XpyUJ,esa c nocTn .IIIIAepa nnpnm 11 npasa- 't'eJJbCTBa (1964). 9. Pa3pa6oTKa npoeKTa noaoi-i ItoHCTHTYI~Im eeep (1962- 1964). 10. llorthlTKa pect>opMHposamw npaeSJUJ,eii napTnH. a) JI. BepHS!; 6) r. MaJieHKOB; B) II. XpyUJ,ee; r) JI. B pe>KIICB. 3aAaHRe 3. IlpO~HT8i1Te ~OKyMeHTbl U Kp8TI<O OTBeTbTe 118 IIOCT8BJieH- H ble BOIIpOChl. H3 flpozpaMMb£ Knee, npu1umoi1 na XXII c'be3iJe (1961) Po>+<AeHHaR cou,~-tam1CH1YecKoi1 peeon10u,~-tei1 A~-tKTaTypa npo- neTap~-taTa Cblr pana eceM11pH0-11CTOp114eCKYIO ponb, o6ecneYI1B no6eAy cou,Hall113Ma e CCCP. B TO >+<e epeMR B npou,ecce no- CTpoeHHR cou,11an113Ma oHa caMa npeTepnena ~-t3MeHeHI1R. B ceR- 311 C n11KB11AaU,~-teH .3KCnn yaTaTOpCK11X KilaCCOB OTMepna cpyHKLJ,I1Sl noAaeneH~-tR ~-tx conpOTI1BneH~-tR. BcecTopoHHee pa3B~-tT~-te nonyYI1- n~-t rnaBHble cpyHKU,1111 COLJ,~-talli1CTI1YeCKOrO roCyAapCTBa - X03SIH- CTBeHHO-opraHI13aTopcKaSI 11 t<ynbTypHo-eocni1TaTellbHaR. Cou,l1a- Il11CTI1YecKoe rocyAapcTeo eCTyn11no e HOBbli1 nep~-toA ceoero pa3BI1TI1SL HaYancR npou,ecc nepepaCTaH~-tR rocyAapCTea eo ece- HapOAHYIO opraH~-t3aU,1110 Tpy>t<eHI-IKOB COLJ,11alli1CTI14eCKOf0 o6w,e- CTBa. nponeTapct<aSl AeMOt<paTI1SI BCe 6onbWe npeepaw,anaCb BO BCeHapOAHYIO COU,11ai111CTI14eCKYK> AeMOKpaT~-tiO ... BcecTopoHHee pa3eepTbiBaHI1e 11 coeepweHCTeoeaH~-te cou,~-ta­ n~-tcTI14ect<oi1 AeMoKpaT~-tH ... rnaeHoe HanpaeneH~-te pa3B11TI1R co- u,~-tanl1cTI1Yect<oi1 r ocyAapCTBeHHOCTH B nep110A CTpO~-tTellbCTBa t<OMMyH~-t3Ma. H3 npoeH:rna Koncmurnyrtuu eecp 1962- 1964 zz. rnaBHbiM HanpaeneH~-teM B pa3BI1TI1H o6~eHapOAHOrO r ocy- AapCTBa RBnReTcR eceMepHoe pa3BI1TI1e AeMOKpaT~-t~-t, eoeneYe- H~-te ecex rpa>+<AaH e ynpaeneHI1e rocyAapcTBeHHbiM~-t 11 o6w,ecT- eeHHbiMI1 AenaM~-t, ynyYweH~-te pa6oTbl rocyAapCTBeHHor o anna- paTa 11 yc11neH11e HapOAHOro KOHTpOI1Sl HaA ero AeRTenbHOCTbi'O. B. M. Mo~tomo6 o llpozpaMJtte KITCC 1961 z. Kp11TI1KYIO o6w,eHapOAHoe rocyAapcTeo. 5I CY~-tTaK>, YTO y HaC, HeCMOTpR Ha TO, 4TO f OBOp11TCR, OCTaeTCSl A11KTaTypa nponeTap11aTa. He Mo>t<eT rocyAapcTeo Bblpa>+<aTb 11HTepecbl 11 pa6oYero Knacca, 11 t<onxo3Horo t<pecTbRHCTBa, 11 11HTenn~-treH­ LJ,~-tl1.. . Bee 3TI1 pa3roeopb1 o6 o6w,eHapoAHOM rocyAapCTee - .3To TOilbKO nepe11MeHOBaHI1e. He Hpaei1TCR >+<eCTt<oe cnoeo «AI1t<TaTypa». Ha 3anaA ornRAbiBaiOTCR. 45
  • 47. 1. C•mTaeTe JJH Bhi rrpaBHJTbHbiM nanpasJieHHeM pa3BHTHa coacTCKOH r ocy,n.apcTBeHROCTH aceMepaoe pa3BHTHe ,~~;eMoKpa­ TJ..m'? 06'hHCHHTe ITO"leMy. 2. He npoTHBopet.IHJI JJH npoBo3rJiarneHHhiH Te3HC o6 o6~e­ Hapo,~~;aoM rocy,~~;apCTBe OCHOBaM Cy~eCTBOB8BIDeH B CTpaae CHCTeMbf? 3. He Morna JIH rrpHaecTH peaJIH3arr;Ha rrpoao3rnamennoro Kypca H8 BCeMepHyJO ,ll;eMOKp8TH38II;HJO COBeTCKOrO 06~eCT.B8 K pa3pymeHHIO ocaoa cy~ecTsoaasmero rocy,n.apcTaa'? 4. qeM Bhl MO)I(eTe o6'hHCHHTb aenpHaTHe B. M. MoJioTo- BhlM H,n.eH o6~eaapo,~~;aoro rocy,~~;apcTaa? IIot.teMy on c~mTaJI, '!TO rocy,~~;apCTBO He MO)I(eT BhlpamaTh HHTepeChi BCerO o6- Irr;eCTBa? 5. CorJJacnhl JIH Bhi c yTaep*,u.enHeM B. M. MonoToaa o TOM, 'ITO rrpe,~~;npHHHMasnmeca H. C. Xpyirr;eBbiM marH B pe- cpopMHPOBBRHH llOJJHTHqeCKOH CHCTeMbl 6blJJH JlHIDb •rrepe- HMeHOBBHHeMl)? 06'b.fiCHHTe rroqeMy. 3a,u.auHe 4. lipO'IHT8llTe )l;OKyMeHTbl H OTBeTbTe H8 IIOCTBBJieHHhie BO- rrpOChi. HJ iJmcJLaiJa H. C. Xpy~e6a na XX caeJoe KllCC <•0 ~eynbme JLuttnocmu u ezo nocJLeocm6uJtX>> 8 C03HaHHI1 He TOJlbKO MapKC1-1CTa-JleHI-1HLJ,a, HO H 8CfiKOrO 3Apa80MbiCI1SIW,er o "'eJlo8eKa He yKI1aAb18aercSI TaKoe nono>t<e- HHe, KaK MO>t<HO 803JlaraTb OT8eTCT8eHHOCTb 3a 8pa>t<Ae6Hble Ae~CTBHfl OTAei1bHbiX IlHU, 1-11111 rpynn Ha U,eJ1ble HapOAbl, 8KJ110Yafl >t<eHUJ,HH, AeTe~, CTapHK08, KOMMYHI1CT08 11 KOMCOMOJlbLJ,e8, 11 IlOABepraTb HX MaCCOBbiM penpeCCI1SIM, Jli1WeHHfiM 11 CTpaAaHI1fiM. HJ Y~eaJa llpeJuouyMa Bepxo6nozo Co6ema CCCP om 16 u1011..Jt 1956 z. YYI1Tb1Bafl, YTO ocyw,ecrsneHI1e orpaHHYeHI1~ 8 npa8080M no- IlO>t<eHI111 HaXOAfiW.HXCfl Ha cneu,noceneHI111 YeYeHU,e8, HHr ywe~, Kapayaesu,es 11 YI1eH08 11x ceMe~, 8blceneHHbiX 8 nepHOA BenH- Koi1 OreYecrseHHO~ soi1Hbl c Ce8epHoro Ka8Ka3a, 8 AanbHe~­ weM He Bbl3bl8aeT Heo6XOA11MOCTI1, npe311A11YM BepX08HOro Co- sera CCCP nocraH0811fter: 1. CHf!Tb c yyera cne u,noceneHI1A 11 oc8o6oA11Tb 113-nOA aA- MI1HHcrpari1BHOro HaA30pa opraHOB M11H11crepcrsa 8HyrpeHHI1X Aen CCCP YeYeHU,e8, 11Hrywe~. Kapayae8U,e8 11 YileH08 11x ce- Me~. BbiCeneHHbiX 8 nepHOA Ben11Koi1 OreYeCT8eHHoi1 80i1Hbl c CesepHoro Ka8Ka3a. 2. YcraH08HTb, YTO CHfiTI1e orpaHHYeHH~ no cneu,noceneHHIO c n11u,, nepeYI1cneHHbiX B craTbe nep80~ Hacroflw,ero YKa3a, He 46
  • 48. 8Ile Ye T 3 a C06 0H 803Bpaw,e HI1e 11M 11MyW,eCTBa , KOH<fJ11CKOBaHHO- r o np11 BbiCelleHI-111, 11 YTO OHI-1 He 11MeiOT npa ea B03Bpaw,a TbCSI 8 Mec r a, orKy Aa 6bJI111 8bJc eneHbl. H3 npoeK.ma Koncmumy~tuu 1962-1964 u . C TaT b S1 70. . ..npaeo C8 0 6 0 A HO r O 8biXOAa COI03HOH pec- n y 6ni1KI1 113 c o c ra8a CCCP. .. C TaT b Sl 71. ...npaeo COI03HOH p ecny6nHKI1 o cyw,eCTBilSITb Al1nnoMaTI1YeCKI1e 11 3KOHOMI1Yec KI1e o r Ho weHI1SI 11 Ky nbry pHble CBSI311 C 3 apy 6e>t<HbiMI1 CTp a HaMI1 . C r arb Sl 72....npaeo cot03Hoi1 pecny6n11KH HMeTb pec n y 6 - n i1KaHCKHe 80HCK0 8ble ¢opMHpoeaHHSI ... C r arb Sl 76....no seeM 8 o npocaM, He oro8opeHHbiM 8 K o H- CTI1TYU.11H, COI03HaSI pec ny6Il11Ka MO>t<eT ocy~eCT8IlSITb r ocyAap- CTBeHHYIO 8IlaCTb c a MOCTOSITenbHO, coxpaHSISI c eoi1 cy8epeHI1Ter. 1. K aK Bhl ct.urraeTe, OTaeqaJI JIH a noJIHOH Mepe npoao3rJia- meHaoii Ha XX c'be3.u,e I~rree H.u,ee pea6HJIUT8li,HH penpeccu- poaanHbtx uapo)J,OB "YKa3 Ilp e3H,li,HyMa BepxosHor o eose·r a eeeP o•r 16 uroJI.R 1956 r. ? 2. KaKoe noJtomeHHe YKa3a, no cyTH, TaK w He MeHsrJto CTa- Tyca cne~nepeceJieHnes? 3. KaK MO>KHO o~eHHTh rrpHae,~~;eHHbte Bbi,D;epmKH H3 npoeKTa RoHCTHTyrvm eeeP 1962- 1964 r r.? K KaKHM nocJie)J,CTBHSIM MOrJIO 6bi np waeCTH n pHHSITHe T8KHX CTaTeii B OcuosnoM 3a- KOHe CTpaHbJ? 3 a.z:.anHe 5. 0 3H8KOMbTeCb C npHBe)J,eHHhiMH ,li,8HHblMli H OTBeTbTe H8 BO- npOCbi. f(awtbte o pea6u.numau,uu JfCepm6 cmaJLuHcteozo epe.MeHu 1953- 1955 rr. - 7679 qeJtoBeK. 1956- 1961 rr. - OKOJIO 700 TbiC. t.IeJIOBeK. 1962- 1964 rr.- 356 qeJtoBeK. 1. qeM Bbl MOJKeTe 06'bSICHHTh T8KyiO )J,HH8MHKY npon;ecca pea6HJIHT8IJ,HH >KCpTB llpOH3BOJI8? 2. qeM 6hlJIO Bbl3B8HO narrpaBJteHHe cpa3y llOCJie OKOHqaHH.R pa6oTbl XX C'he3.u,a K n ee s n epBHt.IHl:>Ie napTHHHhie opraHH3a- li,HH Tpex ceKpeTHhlx nHceM IJ;R K n ee, s KOTOpbl x pa3'hHCHH- JIHch <•paMKH» KpHTHKH KYJibTa JIHqHocTn? 47
  • 49. 3aAaaHe 6. Ha ocHose npnac,AeHHbiX MaTepHaJioB 11 co6cTBeHHbix 3Ha- Hn:ii: ,Aaii:Te KpaTKHH noJIHTntteCKRii rrop1·peT H. C. Xpyll{esa- peq>opMaTopa. 4>. Byp.~a~Kuu r n asuoe - JIRl!Hbre Ka~leCTBa Xpyll.esa: ~w.rJOBC'IIIOCTb, ,Ao- 6poTa, KOTOpbie OH TaK n He CMOI' Bbl ,A8BHTb 113 ce6H, HeCMO- TpH Hli Ha tJTO. A. ,a. Caxapoo Xpy~es c O.ARHaKoaoii JHeprneft u ynpHMCTBOM npoao,AHJI If CBOH n pRBHJibHbie, H OlllH60'JHbie H,UeH; T8Kl1X y Hero 6bJJIO 6oJiee tteM AOCT8TO'IHO. K. T. M a.Jypoa B MOeM coaHaHHH CYI.l.CCTBYIDT ,ABa Xpyll.eBa. 0,UHH pe<l>OpM8TOp B xopowe.M CMbiCJie CJIOBa, KOTOpbiiJ BeJI K HOBOH IIOJIMTHKe, HOBbiM MeTO,U8M pa60Tbi B napTRHHblX opraHII38U.IHlx. A noTOM, nocne XXII C'he3,na, ero KaK KTO· To IIO,AMeHnJI. To JIM OH ysepoBaJI B Halily IlporpaM.MY, B KOTO· poii 6b1JIO CK83RHO, 'ITO B 80-x rr. Mbl yme B .KOMMYJHI3Me 6y- ,AeM, TO JUI 4be·TO BJIHRHHe. •• M. 4>. rerpmep Mwposoii mt:,nep yxO.IV1JI c oTetJeCTBenrroii cn;enbJ 6auKpo- TO:'il. Ho no ceii ,neHh HaM He XO'IeTCR nplf3H8Tb, ' ITO a ero Jilt:· n,e o6anKpOTI1Jnt:Cb Mbl C006IJJ.a. 48
  • 50. H. C. Xpyu~ee a 3H8IO, Bee 6y~yT roBOp.HT b no pa:moMy. O~HH oeao6o)l(- ~eHHe JIIO~eH BeiiOMHSIT, ~pyrHe - I<Yt<ypy3 y, Tp eThH - )I(H- JTHIQHYIO IIOJJHTHKy, 'lleTBepTbiC - K8I< R , KOr).J.a e MSieOM eTa- JTO rrJToxo, Ha<IaJT e a6eTpaKI~HOHneTaMu 6opoThCR. Bee 6hi JIO. Ho eaMOe rJJ8BHOe - Bee Mhl, Be<~b HapO).J., 11 Te, KTO 6hiJJ T8M, 38 npOBOJIOROH, H Te, KTO TpSICeSI OT eTpaxa 3~eCh, llO ~pyry10 CTOpOHY IIpOBOJIOKH, BCe Mbl PJlOTHYJJ II ~pyroro B03~yxa. 3TO rJI8BHOe. 3TO Tenepb T8K npOeTO y Hap0).1.8 He OTHRTh . 3TO He nporra~eT, rrpopacTeT. 49
  • 51. 3aJJ;aHne 7. flpliBe,A.H.Te B COOTBC'l'C'l'BHe )1;8Illlble T 8 6 JIHll,bl. Nz Co6biTHe 1 IlaaHatteuuc r. M . M AJICIIKOBB rnasoi"t npa· BFITCJIbCTBB 2 H a6pa1111C H. C. Xpyw,eBa pyKoBOJI.IITCJieM KITCC 3 11epe.na4a K phiMB YKpauue 4 0 TCT8BK8 r . M. M aJJeHKOBB c IIOCT8 l'JH111bl D pBBWI'CJl bCT BB 5 XX C'hC3A KllCC 6 Pea6amtT8lV1H penpeccupoaaHHbiX 7 llpuHSJTitc IlporpaMMbr Knee 8 Jlaqano paapa6oTKH HOBOH l{oHCTIITYUHH CCCP 9 PaccTpeJt JI.CMOHCTpau.HH u H oaoqepKaCCKc 10 l1a6paHne H. C. X pyueBa r Jiaaoii npaau- TCJihCTRil 11 0 TcTa Bt<l1 II. C. Xpy u~e aa 1962 1956 1955 1953 1961 1954 1962 1953 1958 1957 1964 -----------------------------L----L------·-- § 40. 3KOHOMHKA CCCP B 1953- 1964 rr. 3aJJ;aune 1. flpo •I HTaihe llp H BC,li,CH Hbi e )I;OKyMeHT bl l1 OTBeTbTC H8 llOCT 8B- JieiUJbiC BOllpoCbi. H3 pe'tu llpeiJceiJameaR. Co6ema Munucmpoo CCCP r. M . Maaen~eooa na V ceccuu Bepxoonozo Cooema CCCP 7 aozycma 1953 z. Ao c 11x nop y Hac He 6 b mo B03MO>+<Hocrel1 pa3BI1Ba Tb ner- KytO 11 ni1W,e8ytO npOMbl WneHHOCTb TaKI1MI1 >+<e TeMnaMI1, KaK TSI- >+<enytO npoMbtwneHHOCTb. B HacToSiw,ee speMSI Mbt MO>+<eM 11, cneA OBaren bHO , o6SI3aHbt 8 11HT epecax o6ecn e4eHHSI 6on ee 6bt- cTporo nOBbtWeHHSI MaTepHanb HOrO 11 Kyn bTypHoro ypoBHSI >t<I13- HI1 HapOAa 8CeMepHO c:f:>opcHpOBaTb pa3BI1TI1e nerKOH n pOMblW - neHHOCTH. npaBI1TenbCTBO H l.J,eHrpanbH biH KOMIHeT napTHH C411TatOT He- o6XOA11MblM 3 Ha411TenbHO y8eni1411Tb BnO>+<eHHR cpeACTB Ha pa3- BI1T11e ner KOH, nHUJ,eBOH 1-t, 8 4aCTHOCTio1, pbt6HOH npOMbl W neHHO- CTI1 , Ha pa3811THe c enbCKOrO X03 SIHCTBa 11 nonpaBHTb B CTOpOHY 50
  • 52. 3HaYI1TenbHOrO yeeni1YeHI1SI 3aAaHI1!1 no np0113BOACTBY npeAMe- TOB HapOAHOrO nOTpe6neH11!1; WHpe np11BJ1eYb K npOH3BOACTBY npeAMeToe noTpe6neHI1SI MaWI1Hocrpo11r enbHble H Apyr11e npeA- np1111TI1SI T!l>t<enOH npOMbi WneHHOCTH••• ,lJ,.n!l roro YT06bl o6ecneYI1Tb KPYTOH nOAbeM np0113BOACTBa npeAMeToe HapOAHOro noTpe6neHH!I1 Mbl npe>+<Ae ecero AOn>+<- Hbl no3a6on1TbCSI o AanbHeHweM pa3BI1THH 11 noAbeMe cenbcKo- r o X03!1HCTBa 1 CHa6>t<ataw,ero HaceneHHe npOAOBOJ1bCTBI-1eM1 a nerKytO npOMbiWJ1eHHOCTb CblpbeM ••• B 3TOH CBSI311 npaBio1TeJ1bCTBO 11 lJ,eHTpanbHbiH K oMHTeT nap- TI111 COYJ111 Heo6XOAHMbiM nOHTH Ha 3HaYHTeJ1bHOe CHI1>t<eHHe HOpM 06!13arenbHbiX nOCTaBOK C nHYHOro l10AC06Horo X03!1HCTBa KOJ1X03HHKOB 1 peWI1J1H ••• H3MeHI1Tb CI1CTeMy o6no>t<eHH!I KOJ1X03- HI1KOB cenbCKOX03SIHCTBeHHbiM HanoroM 1 CHI13HTb AeHe>t<HbiH Ha- nor np11MepHO B ABa pa3a C Ka>+<AOrO KOJ1X03HOrO ABOpa H CHSITb nonHOCTbiO OCTaewytacA HeA011MKY no cenbCKOX03AHCTBeHHOMY Hanory npownbiX neT••• npaBHTeJ1bCTBO H lJ,eHTpanbHbiH KoMHTeT napTHI-1 pewl1nl1 TaK- >t<e Cepbe3HO nonpaBHTb 11 H3MeHI1Tb HenpaBHJ1bHOe OTHOWeHHe 1 CnO>+<HBWeeC!I y Hac, K l111YHOMY OOAC06HOMY X03SII~CTBY KOJ1X03- HI1KOB. H3 iJorc~taiJa cercpemapJ£ IJ,K Knee H. C. XpyUfe6a ua n~teuyJKe ll,K KIICC 3 ceum~t6p1L 1953 z. Ba>+<Hoe 3HaYeHHe 11MeeT nosbJWeHI1e MaTepHanbHOH 3ai1HTe- pecoeaHHOCTI1 KOJ1X030B 11 COBX030B B pOCTe ypo>t<aHHOCTI1 cenb- CKOX03SIHCTBeHHbiX Kynbryp 11 pa3BI1TI111 o6w,eCTBeHHOrO >t<I1BOT- HOBOACTBa. B 3TI1X u,en!IX CoseT MI1HI1CTpOB CCCP 11 npe311A11YM lJ,eHTpanbHoro KoMI1TeTa napT1111 np113Hanl1 Heo6xOAHMbiM noBbi- CI1Tb cyw,eCTBYIOW,He B HaCTOAW,ee speM!I 3arOTOBHTenbHble 11 3a- KynoYHble U.eHbl Ha npOAYKTbl >t<I1BOTHOBOACTBa1 Kaprocpenb 11 oeow,H ••. Ba>t<HO BMecTe c TeM OTMeTI1Tb 1 YTO po3HI1YHble u.eHbl Ha npOAYKTbl >t<HBOTHOBOACTBa1 KapTocpenb 11 OBOW.H He nOBbiWa- IOTC!I1 a, Hao6opOT1 e>+<erOAHO CHI1>t<aiOTCSI. JlHHI1A Ha CHH>t<eHHe p03HI1YHbiX U.eH Ha npeAMeTbl noTpe6neHI1SI 6yAeT npOBOA11TbC!I 11 enpeAb. HJ iJ01caafJa nep6ozo cercpemapJ£ IJ,K Knee H. C. XpyUfe6a na XX c'be3iJe KnCC ( 1956) Hawni1Cb « M YAPeU,bl», KOTOpble HaYanl1 nporl1sonocTaBnATb nerKyta npOMbiWJ1eHHOCTb T!l>t<enOH 11HAYCTplo11-11 yeep11!11 YTO npe- HMyW,eCTBeHHOe pa3BI1THe T!l>t<enOH 11HAYCTp11H He06XOAHMO 6bi- J10 J1HWb Ha paHHI1X CTyneHAX COBeTCKOH 3KOHOMHKI1 1 a Tenepb HaM OCTanOCb TOJ1bKO cpopcHpOBaTb pa3BI1T11e nerKOH npOMbiW- neHHOCTI1. TonbKO HeHcnpaBHMble xeacryHbl MoryT 3aKpb1BaTb rna3a Ha TO 1 YTO B 3KOHOMI1YeCKOM OTHOWeHI111 Mbl ew,e He neperHanH 51
  • 53. HaH6onee pa3 BHTble Kamnani1CTI1YeCKHe CTp a Hbl, YTO y poaeHb np0113BOACTBa y HaC n oKa ew,e HeAOCTaTOYe H AilSI o 6 ecneYe HI1SI 3 a>t<IH OYHOi1 >t<H3HI1 BCeX YneHOB 06UJ,eCTBa, YTO B CTpaHe ew,e MHOfO HeAOCTaTKOB 11 Heo p r aHI13 0BaHHOCTI1 B X03Sii1CTBe HHOM 11 KYilbTYP HOM OTHo weHHH. H 3 llpozpaMMbL K n ee, RpuKJLmou na XXI/ c'be3iJe ( 1961) Ha o npeAen eHHO M :nane o6w,ec TaeHHo e X0 3Sii1CTBO Konxo3oa AOCTI1fHeT TaKOfO y p O SHSI pa3BHTI1SI , KOfAa CTaHeT B03MO>t<Hb iM 3 a cYeT ero pec ypc os nonHOCTbiO YAOBneTBOpSITb noTpe6 HOCTH KOI1X03HI1KOB. Ha 3TOi1 OCHOBe IlHYHOe nOAC06Ho e X03Sii1CTBO no- CTene HHO ce6SI H3>t<HBeT 3KOHOMI1YeCKI1 • •• 1. l.{TQ OOIII,ePO B OKOHOMH'leCKOH CTpaTCrJ.Uf, npep;JIOmen - HOH r. M . M anen KOBblM ('I H . c. Xpy~eBblM B 1953 r.? 2. B 'leM, Ha saw a3rJIH.n;, aaKJIJO•taeTC.fl n pHHIJ,HnHaJibHaR pa3HH11,8 a rro.n;xo~ax I< paaBH T MJO upOMblWJieaaoro npOH3 Bo.n;- CTBR, n pe.n;nomeHHblX r. M. M aJieH KOBblM 11 H. c. Xpy~eBblM? 3. B 'ieM Bbl BH.D;J-t Te rrp H H n;HnH aJibH YJO paaHHU.Y s no.n;xo- .n;ax OTHX IIOmt:TKKOB K pa3BHTnJO CeJibCKOI'O X03SiiiCTBa? 4. ECTb JIM p83HHU.8 B O"rHOUieHfiM r. M. ManeHKOBa 11 H. C. Xpy111,esa J< JIHqHoMy no.n;co6HOMY xoaSIHCTBY KpeCTbSIH? 5. 3a c'leT K8K.HX H CTO'IHHKOB H . C. Xpy~es rrpe.n;nonaran ooec rreTIMTb I<PYlll-lbiC K8llHT8 JIOBJIOmPIH U l B CeJibCKOe X03$IMC'r - BO, llOI'8CHTb ,ll;OJII'Il KOJIX0308 rocyp;apCTBY 11 COXp 8HHT b H .n;a- >Ke CHH3H"f b p 03HH ' IHbJC IJ,ellbl H8 CeJibCKOXO::J.RHCTBCHH Y JO npo- AYKU.JHO? P eanncTHlJ Hht 1111 ObiJin OTK n p oeKTht, ecnw y 'leCTh ClfTY8:U:lf!O B npO,ll;OBOJJbCTBCHHOM CH80>KeHHlt: H8TiaJia 6 0 - x PI'.? IIo•reMy? ITpoa Hana aupyii Te rrpuae.n;eHHbte .n;aH Hbt e K OTBC1'bTe aa BOilpOCbl. Poem n oce61LbtX nJLow,a iJeiL. n oiJ KyKyp yJy e 1955- 1962 zz. 118MllH ra I 1995 r. 137MllH ra I 1962 r. 1. lfeM Bbr MO)KeTe o6'bSlCHHTh npHOPHTe·ra oe pa3BHTHe t<y- t<YPY3bt a ant POAbi? 2. K aKHe n ocne.n;cTB I1R /VUt. p aasnT H H CCJihCKoro X03$IiicT- sa H MCJI8 «KYKYPY3ll8 R K8M ll8HKSl »? 52
  • 54. 3a,IJ;anue 3. IlpoqHTaihe ,IJ.OKyMeHThl H OTBeTbTe H 8 BOnpOCbl. H3 o6pa14enuJ£ y'£acmnu1we Moc1W6CK.OW co6panu1£ 1COJif.CO.M.OJtb~e6 U M.OJtOOe:HCU, U37>J£6U6ULUX :HCeJtanue noexamt. na oceoenue ~eJtUitbt ( &u.eapb 1955 z.) Aopor~o~e APY3bst! 5yAeM AOCroi1Hbt AOBep~o~st H 3a6orbt Hawei1 poAHOr:i Mare- pH - KoMMYHHCTHYeCt<OH napTHH! nopaAyeM POAHHY HOBbiMI1 ycnexaMH s 6opb6e 3a noKopeHHe MI1J1J1110HOB r eKrapos u,enHH- HbtX 11 3ane>KHbtX 3eMenb! AaeM Hepywi1MOe KOMCOMOJlbCKoe cnoso l.J,eHrpanbHOMY KoMHTery napr1111 11 Coser cKoMy npasH- renbcrsy - 6yAeM YeCTHO 11 caMoorsep>+<eHHO TPYA11TbCSI Ha Ho- BbtX 3eMJ1SIX. H 3 eocno.~ttunanuu !feJtunnuKa 5JCHO BHASITCSI MHe HeAOCTaTK11 B opr aHH3aU,HH rpaHAH03HOH u,eni1HHOi1 3none11, Hepa3yMHOCTb HHbiX peweHI1H, HenpoAyMaH- HOCTb COCTaBJ1SIIOW,11X CTparerHI-1, KOTOp bte BnOCJleACTBHH BO MHO- rOM CBenH Ha HeT AOCTHr HyTbte 11TOrH. Y HaC Ha rna3aX np11XOAH- na B HerOAHOCTb TeXHI1Ka, CTHHyrast Ha u,emfHY CO BCeH CTpaHbt. C6~o~sanHcb c Hor TbtCstYH n tOAe.:i, He ycnesast co6par b ypo>+<ai1 c 53
  • 55. r11raHTCKHX nnolJ.J,aAe~. Ha KOpHto r116n11 noceBbl, HerAe 6brno XpaHHTb 3epHO. npoHCXO,IJ,Hna KOnOCCanbHaR pacrpaTa MHnnH- ap,IJ,HbiX cyMM, MarepHanbHO-TeXHH"ieCKHX cpeACTB, >+<Heoro rpy- ,IJ,a. L.l,enHHa AOporo o6ownacb crpaHe. CeroAHR R AYMato, 'iTO BCe TOf,IJ,aWHHe 3aTpaTbl MOrnH 6bl np11HeCTI1 6onbWYIO OT,IJ,a"iy np~--1 HHOM nOAXOAe K pew eHHto 3epHoeo~ npo6neMbl. Ho HHO~ nO,O.XOA 6bln B TO BpeMSI HeB03MO>KeH. 1. t{eM Bbl MO:>KeTe 06'bSICHHTh He06XO,IJ,HMOCTb OCBOeHHSI u;eJIUHHbiX H 38Jie:>KHbiX 3eMeJih? 2. Cy~ecTsosanu JIH HHhre nyTn pemeHHSI npo6JieMhl o6ec- neqeHHSI CTp8Hb1 3epHOM? 3. B lfeM Bhl BHJJ.HTe npHliHHhl KOJioccaJihHhiX H3,D.epmeK s OCBOeHHH D;eJIHHbi? 4. CorJiaCBhl JIH Bhi c yTsepm,D.eH.HeM u,eJIHHH.HKa o TOM, 'ITO *W:HOH llO)I;XO,IJ, 6hJJI B TO speMSI HeB03MO:>KeH »? IlO'IeMy? 38A8H.He 4. IJpoaR8JIH3HpyJ1Te llpHBe,D.eHHhle ,IJ,8HHbie H ,D.OKyMeHTbl, OT- BCTbTC Ha BOnpOCbl. Te.htnbt pocma npO.MbtUJ.Jtennozo npouJeoiJcmea 6 CCCP a 1951 - 1965 zz. 1951 - 1955 rr. 1956 - 1960 rr. 1961 - 1965 rr. 85% 64,3 % 51 % Totnbt pocma ceJlbCKOX03Rucmeennozo npoUJ6oiJcmea 6 CCCP 6 1951 - 1956 zz. 1951 - 1955 rr. 1956-1960 rr. 1961 - 1965 rr. 20,5 % 30 % 11% 54
  • 56. fl3 llpozpaMJttbL Knee, npunJUnou na X X II c"beaiJe (1961) B ~rore sroporo AeCRT~neT~R (1971--1980) 6yAeT C03AaHa MaTep~anbHo-rexH~YecKaR 6a3a KOMMYHI13Ma, o6ecne~11Ba10w,aR ~3061-1n11e MaTep !-!anbHbiX 1-1 KynbTYPHbiX 6nar AflR scero Hacene- HI-IR ; COBeTCKOe o 6w,eCTBO BnJlOTHYIO nOAOHAeT K OCyl..l..eCTBne- HI-110 np11H~I1na pac npeAeneHI1st no nor pe6HOCTSIM, npo1130HAeT nocTeneHHbiH nepeXOA K eAI1HOH o6w,eHapOAHOH co6crseHHOCTI-1. TaKI-IM o6pa30M, s eeeP 6yAeT s ocHOBHOM nocTpoeHo KOM- MYHI1CTI-1~ecKoe o6w,ecTso•.. K nee HaMe~aer ysenH~HTb o6beM npOMbiWJleHHOH npOAYK~I1H: B Te4eHI1e 6ni1>KaHWI1X 10 neT np!-!MepHO B ABa C nOilOBI1HOH pa3a 1-1 npeB30HTI1 y pose Hb npOMbiWJleHHOrO np0 113BOACTBa e WA; B TeYeHI-!e 20 neT He MeHee ~eM B WeCTb pa3 11 OCTaBI-ITb Aa- neKO no3aAH HbiHeWHI-IH o6UJ,I-1H o6beM npOMbiWJleHHOrO npOI-13- BOA CTBa e wA... n apT11Sl TOp>KeCTBeHHO npOB03rnawaeT: HbiHeWHee nOKOile- HI-!e COBeTCKI-IX JltOAeH 6yAeT >t<I1Tb np1-1 KOMMYHI13Me! H 3 iJ01caaiJa H . C. XpyUfe6a na XXII c"be3iJe KnCC (1961) 6 y p>+<ya3Hble Kp11TI-1KH APY>t<HO, cnoBHO no KOMaHAe, 3aKp11~ Yam1: «npo rpaMMa HeBblnonHHMa!» BHoBb 3aMenbKanl1 Ha cTpa- HI-I~ax peaK~I-IOHHbiX ra3eT 3HaKOMble ew,e no nepBbiM COBeT- CKI1M nsn11neTKaM 3aKnlt1HaHI-1R: «yTo nHR» , « M11pa>+<» , «1111Jlt0311R» . M o >+<e T 6 b1Tb , y npoTI-!BHHKOB Hawe~ nporpaMMbl eCTb ~~-~cppbl, pac YeTbl, cpaKTbl? H 114ero nOA06Horo. y HaC B nporpaMMe 0 60CHOBBHO Ka>t<AOe Jl0IlO>KeHI1e . Y HHX TOJlbKO Kp11KJ111Bble 3a- SIBJle HI1Sl. Y HaC pacC~HTaHa H AOKa3aHa Ka>t<AaSI ~111cppa . 0 HH 6 o- SITCSI ~Hcpp , KaK Yep T naAaHa. Y HaC AaH TO~HbiH , Hay~HbiH aHa- Jll-13 TeHAeH~HH HCTOpHYeCKOr O pa3BHTHR. Y HI1X KilHKyweCKI1e 3a- KJ111HaHI1SI1 6ecnnoAHble raAaHHSI Ha Kocpei1Hoi1 r yw,e... ] . D poaHaJIH3Hpythe ,IJ,aHRhle nepsoro rpa<)nn<:a. q TO OHH IJOK83 bi B8IOT ? 2. 0 'IeM CBH,IJ,eTeJibC'l'ByiOT <J8KTh1 , npHBe)l;eHHhi e BO BTO- poM r p a qmKe? 3. B q eM Bhi BH AHTe o 6 'be K THBH we H cy6'be.KTHBHbi e n p H - ~t w nhi na,D.eHHJl TeMnOB p OCT a npOM W IIIJieHHOCTH 11 CeJibCKOI'O xo3JIHCTBa B H a 'lane 6 0 -x r r.? 4. 11:3 qero HCXO,IJ,HJIO pyKOBO)l;CT BO KIICC, npe,IJ,CTaBJIJI JI Ilporp aMMY n o cTpo eHH JI KOMMYHH3Ma B CCCP K 1980 r . ? 5. KaK Bhi o TrrocwTeCb I< rrpor H03aM 3arra)l;HbJX cpe,IJ,CTB Maccosoft tttHl)OpMaU.I-IH o ueno3MO)KHOCTH Bhm o n HeHHJI D po- rpaMMhJ KllCC'l H a '-!eM 6hi JIH ocuosaHbl n x n porno3hi yraca- HHJI TeMrros aR.oH OM H:l!ecKoro pocT a s CCCP? 55
  • 57. 3a.D;auue 5. flpoqHT8JfTC JI,OKyMeH'r H OTBeTbTe H8 BOIIpOCbl. H3 npoeKma Koncmumy!fUU CCCP 1962-1964 zz. Cr arb 11 7. rocyAapcreeHHaSI co6craeHHOCTb ecrb o6w,ee AOCTOSIHI1e ecex TPYAstW.11XCSI ropoAa 11 AepeaHI1. B co6creeHHOCTI1 rocyAapcrsa HaXOASITCSI 3eMnst, ee HeApa, BOAbl, 11eca 11 Apyn1e np11pOAHble 6orarcrea, 3aBOAbl, cpa6p11KI1, waXTbl, PYAH11KI1, 3neKrpocraHU.1111, >t<ene3HOAOPO>KHbiH, BOAHbiH, B03AYWHbiH 11 aBTOM0611I1bHbiH rpaHCnOpT, cenbCKOX03Sij:jCTBeH- Hble npeAnp11SITI1SI, npo113BOA11MaSI Ha rocyAapcr aeHHbiX npeAnp11- SITI1SIX npOAYKU.11SI, >K11Ilble AOMa, TOprOBble, KOMMyHai1bHble 11 11Hble npeAI1p11SITI1SI1 6aHKI1, cpeACTBa CBSI311. B co6creeHHOCTI1 rocyAapcrea MO>KeT HaXOA11TbC!I 11 mo6oe Apyroe 11Myw,ecrso. <...> C TaT b Sl 31. rpa>KAaHe 11MeiOT npaeo Ha Ili1YHYIO co6CTBeH- HOCTb, Ha TPYAOBble AOXOAbl 11 c6epe>t<eHHSI, Ha >t<l1noj:j AOM 11 nOAC06Hoe X03SIHCTBO, Ha npeAMeTbl AOMaWHero X03SIHCTBa 11 o611xoAa, I111YHoro norpe6neHI1SI 11 yAo6crsa, paeHo KaK npaso HacneAOBaHI1SI I111YHOH C06CTBeHHOCTI1••. nw·iHaSI C06CTBeHHOCTb rpa>t<AaH HMeeT norpe6HTei1bCKOe Ha- 3HaYeHHe... He AOnycKaerc!l Hcnonb3osaHHe ni1YHOH co6creeHHOCTI1 AnSI 113BI1eYeHI1SI Her pyAOBbiX AOXOAOB, a TaK>t<e B 11HbiX npOTI-1BOpe- YaUJ,11X HHrepecaM o6w,ecrea 11 rocyAapcrea u,en11x. 1. KaK Bbl Cl..JUTaeTe, KaKHe H3 rrpHse.u.eniihiX rro;rome· HHii 6biJUI BHeceHbi s rrpoeKT KoHCTHTYI.J;UH 1962- 1964 rr. snepsble (B CpaBHCHHH C rrpeJ!,hi.JI.YIII;HMH KOHCTHTYI.J;HSIMH CTp8Hbi)? 2. KaK Bbl MO.meTe rrpoKOMMeHTHposaTh oTnoureHIUI co6cT· seHHOCTH, Ja<jmKCHposaHHble s npoeKTe OcHOBHoro 38KOHa CTp8Hbi? 3. KaK Bhi IIOHHMaeTe, '1'1'0 '1'8KOe • IIOTpe6nTeJihCKHH xapaKTep~ JIHqHoH co6cTseHHOCTH rpam.u.an rrpH couwa- JIH3Me? 4. MomeTe Jill Bhr Ha3BaTb Karmc-JIH6o npHpo,nHbie u 3Ko- HOMlf'leCKHe o6'beKThl, He JaqmKcHposaHHbie s KoHcTnTyu;n:w K8K OTHOCHIII;HCCH K roCyiJ,apCTBeHHOH C06CTBeHHOCTU? 5. KaKosa 6hr;ra a¢l<PeKTHBBOCTh cyr.n;ecTsosasmeH a CCCP 3KOHO.MHqeCKOI1: CUCTeMbi? 6. 11TO HY:lKHO 6biJIO C}J;eJiaTb, Ha Bam B3rJIH}J;, IJ,JISI no- BbiilleiiHH 3<}>!PCKTHBHOCTH COBeTCKOH 3KOHOMIPICCKOH CII- CTt'Mbi? 56
  • 58. 3aJJ;aHJte 6. flpu se,nuTe B COOTBeTCTBUC ,A81IHhte T86JIHO:hl. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ro.A 1954 1953 1957 1957 1955 1956 1961 1958 1960 eo6hrTu e IlneHyM U:K K nee no CCJrbCKOMY XOJSIHCT- By, fi0JIO»<HBUH1ll 118<!8JIO CMeHe BeX B aTOll ccpepe nocne CMCPTH eTan.HHa lla'I8JTO OCBOCHHSI U:CJU1HHhlX JeMCJlb Ha"'ano lllliPOKOii KBMnaanH aa Bhlpaw.~tBa­ Hne KyKypyaw "YTBepm,ACBliC UJCCTOFO flSITI1JICTHero llJI8H8. IlatJ8JIO lllllpOKOM8CWT86Horo )f(JIJTHUJ.HOrO CTpOlfTCJibCTB8 Ynpa3AHCHHC MTe Jhi KBH,A8U.HSI 0Tp8CJICBOH CHCTCMbl ynpaa- JICHH SI 3KOHOMHKOH 3anyCK nepBOrO HCKYCCTBCHHOrO cnyTH11K8 3CMJIH Y CT8HOBnemw 7-•tacoaoro pa6oqero .AHSI ,lJ.CHC»<HBSJ pecpopMa. llepBhlH UOJICT 'ICJIO- BCK8 B KOCMOC 10 11 1963 1959 Ha•1ano 6opb6bi c nortco6nbrMn xoaaiicTaa- MU KpCCTbSIH H a•tano npo,AoaonhCTBCHHor o Kpuanca u M8CCOBbiX 38KyllOK npO,AOBOJlbCTBlUl 38 rpa- Rl!U:Cii § 41. ccOTTEnEilbn B .Q,YXOBH0.:1 >f0i3HH 3aJJ;aBJte 1. flO,n"lepKBHTe npaBRJJhHhlH OTBeT. •OTTenenh• n AYXOBHOH »ni3HH cTpaHbi npoRBHnach: a) B CMHr"lCH.HU KJIH:18T8 MemAYH8POAHblX OTHOillCHHi1; 6) B H8'18Jie pe<lJopM, nanpaBJICHHblX Ha ,ll;CMOHT8)1( TOT8JIH- T8PH3M8; B) B IIpOB03rJiaiiJeHJUf CBOOO,ll;hl TBOp•teCKOH AeHTCJibHOCTii; r) B npeo,n;OJieHHH llOCJIC,ll;CTBH H CT8JIHHU3M8 B JIUTepaType H HCKYCCTBe; A) s o6HonneHnH cucT<'Mbl o6pa3onaHuR; e) B pa3BH THlf COBCTCJ<OH H8YKH lJ TCXHHKH . 3aJJ;aoJte 2. flhJ6epHTC npOH3BE',ll;CIIH.R COBCTCKI1X JllfTepaTOpOB, nyfiJin- K8U,U10 KOTOpbiX MO)I(IIQ OTHeCTlf K pe3yJihT8T8M «OTTCIICJilH: 57
  • 59. 1) M. A. llloJIOXOB. «llo.n.uRTHSl U.I'JinHa» . 2) B. 11. llo.MepaHu,es. •06 ucKpCHIIOCTII s JUITepaTypc•. 3) A. II. ToJJcToiL • IlcTp I». 4) 11. r. 8pcu6ypr. «0TTCUCJJb• . 5) B. <t>. flauosa. «BpeMerra ro.zr;a• . 6) <t>. Yl. Ilamllepos. «BoJJra-Ma'l'YllJKa peKa•> . 7) A. A. Cl>a.zr;ees . «Mono.n.a11 l'sap,li,HSI ~ . 8) B. .IJ.. )l,y,li,HHu,es. •He xne6oM e.n,HHbiM». 9) )1,. A. r paHMH. •HcKaTeJJH». 10) E. .H. )l,oporu. • .IJ.epeseHcKHit .zr;nesJmK• . 11) B. JI. IIacTepH8K. • .Il.OKTOP JKusaro•. 12) A. H. Comi<CIUUI,biH. • O.n.nH .zr;eab Haaaa ,D;cmiCOBH<ta•. 13) A. B. Y:aKOBCKJ1.iL • BnoKaAa». 3a.n.auu e 3. llpo~mT8HTC /l.OKYMCHTbl 11 OTBCTbTC H8 BOllpOCbl. H3 rwcmali06J1€UUJt ~K Knee <•06 ucnpa6Jtenuu omu6mc 6 Otfeu~ee onep <<BeJtu1CaJt iJpym6a•> , <•BoziJau X AteJtbliUlf1CUU•> u <•Om 6cezo cepOtfa•> 28 Ma.st 1958 z. Ll,K Kn ee orMe~aer, ~ro nocraHosneHI1e U.K o6 onepe B. MypaAenl1 «Beni1Kast Apy>+<6a>> or 10 cpespanst 1948 r . B u,e- noM Cblrpano nono>+<I1TenbHYIO ponb s pa3BI1TI111 cosercKoro My- 3biKanbHoro 11CKyccr sa... enpaeeAni1BO 6blnl1 ocy>+<AeHbl cpopMa- 1111CTI1~ecKI1e reHAeHU,1111 e M Y3b1Ke, MHI1MOe «Hosaropcreo» , yBOA11BUJee 11CKYCCT80 OT HapOAa 11 npespaw,aewee ero B AOCTO- IIHI1e y3Koro Kpyra 3crercreytOw,Hx rypMaHoB. Pa3B11TI1e coser - cKoi1 MY3biKI1 8 nocneAytOUJ,I1e r OAbl nOATBepAHno npaBI111bHOCTb 11 CBOeepeMeHHOCTb 3TI1X yKa3aHI1H napT1111. BMecre c reM o u,eHKI1 rsop4eCT8a OTAenbHbiX KOMn0311Topoe, AaHHble s 3TOM nocraHoeneHHH, e p!!Ae cny~aee 6bll111 6e3AOKa- 3arenbHbiMI1 11 HecnpaseAnHBbiMI-1. .. HeKoropble HesepHble o u,eHKH 8 yKa3aHHOM nocr aH08neHI111 orpa>t<an11 cy6beKTI1BHbiH nOAXOA K OTAel1bHbiM np0113BeAeHI1SIM 11cKyccrea 11 reop4ecrsa co cropoHbl 111. B. eranHHa. 1. CornaCHbi nu Bbl c noJIO)l<J-t'l'CJihHOii ou,eHKoii pon 11 •My- 3biK8JibHorot nocTanosnenHR I.I,K KTICC 1948 r .? IloqeMy? 2. )l,eHCTBH'J'CJibHO Jll1 11MCJUI MCCTO QJOPM8JIHC'I'H4.CCKHC 'rCHII,CHLI,HH B MY3hl KC, MHHMOC «HOB8TOPCTBO», H8 KOTOpbie CCbiJIUCTCH IIOCTRHOBJICIIHC 1958 r.? flpnBC/1.1-ITC n pn MCpbi. 3. Cornacllbl JUi BbJ c TeM, 4TO ou,euKn, ,zr;allllbie s nocTa- Hos.rJemm 1948 r., o•rpamaJill JIHillh cy6'hCKTHBHOC MHCHHC C1'amma? 58
  • 60. 3aAanne 4. 1. Bbi6epuTe npaBI1JlhHhiH OTBeT (ao3MOmHO uecKO.'IbKO aa- puaHTOB) . l-IayIHO·TeXHH'leCK8H peBOJIIOIJ,IUI X8p8KTepH3yeTCSI: a) CMeHOH M8Hycp8KTYPHOI'O npOH3BO,LJ;CTB8 cpa6pUlfHb!M; 6) mHpoKHM cTponTeJibCTBOM mene3Hhlx AOpor; B) C03A8HHeM HayKOeMKHX TeXHOJlOI'HH; r) MOAepHH3aiJ,HeH CTaporo o60PYA0B8HHH; ,LJ;) pa3pa60TKOH HCKYCCTBeHHbiX M8TepH8JlOB; e) BHe,LJ;peHHeM po60TOB H 8BTOM8TOB B OpOH3BOACTBO; m) IDHpOKOM8ClllT86HbiM HCCJle,LJ;OB8HHeM 3eMHOH OOBepx- HOCTH H KOCMHleCKOI'O npocTp8HCTB8. 2. "tJTo eiiJ,e Bhl MOI'JIH 6hl ,LJ;06aBHTb K :')TOM xapaKTepHCTHKe? 3a.a.aune 5 . Ilepe'IHCJIHTe 8BTOpOB JlHTepaTypHhiX, MY3blK8JlbHbiX, KH- HeM8TOrpacpH'leCKHX npOH3Be,LJ;eHHH, XYAOmHifKOB, CI<YJihOTo- pos, o KOTOphlx so BTopou nonosnne 50-x rr. 3arosopn;m KaK 0 llPCACT8BHTeJIHX HOBOI'O HanpasJieHHH B OTe'leCTBeHHOM KYJJbType. HaaosnTe ux nponaBe,LJ;eHHH. 59
  • 61. 3a)J.aune 6. 0TMeTbTe B Opi!BOJ,VIMOM nepe•IHe ll8Y'IHble H TeXHHtteCKHe .l{0('TU>KeHJU1 nepBOI'O IIOCJICCT8JII!f.HCKOI'O .neCJITHJICTJ.Ul: a) C03.l{8IIHC nepBOI'O peaKTHBITOr O J1CTpe6HTCJIH; 6) cnycK Ha ao.ny nepsoro aTOMHoro ne.noKoJia «JleHHH•>; B) H Cllbi T8HUC rrepsoii COBCTCKOH 8TOMHO~i 6oM6bi; r) aan ycK nepsoro HcKyccTseHrroro cnyTiniJ<a 3eMJIH; J.l.) ucn hrTauHe rrepnon a Mupe TepMoJI.nepnoli. 6oM6hi ; e) nepBbie OOJICTbl COBCTCKIIX 8BTOM8TII~ICCKUX CT8HU,Hi1 Ha Jlyny; >K) nepBbi e OOJieTbl .iKHBbl X Opr aiHl3MOB B KOCMOC; 3) nepBbiH llOJieT l.J:CJIOBeKa B KOCMOC (IO. rarapnn); H) nepBbiH OOJICT .mCIIUJ,HHbl · KOCMOH8BTa B KOCMOC; K) .l{OCT8BK8 Ha JlyHy 8BTOM8THl.£eCKOrO y CTpoikTB8 ~Jly­ HOXO,At; JI) C03A8HHe nepsoro B MHpe peaKTHBHOrO 08CC8>KHpCKOI'O JiaiiHepa Ty- 1 04. 3a.IJ:aone 7. IlpOl!Wl'8ihe )J.OKyMeUT H OTBeTbTC H8 IIOCT8BJieHHble HO- IIpOCbi. H3 UocmanoeaenuR- llaenyMa U,K KllCC (uiOnb 1959 z.) n n eHyM U,K Knee C'li-1TaeT , 'ITO... HeAOCTaTKI-1 [ eo BHeApe- HHI-1 HayKH H TeXHI-iKI-1 B npOH3BOACTBO) B 3 Ha'lHTenbHOH Mepe no- pO>t<AaiOTCSI TeXHH'leCKHM KOHcepaaTH3MOM y YaCTH X03SIHCTBeH- HHKOB H HH>t<eHepHO-TeXHI-1YeCKHX pa60THHKOB , CHflOH npHBbl'iK!-1 K cTapbiM MeToAaM npoH3BOACTBa 11 opyAHSIM TPYAa, He>+<enaH&-~­ eM MHOr Hx X03SIHCTBeHHbiX pyKOBOAHTenei1 npeoAoneaaTb TPYA- HOCTH, CBSI3aHHble C BHeApeHHeM HOBOH TeXHI-1K11, OTCYTCTBHeM y HI1X r ocyAapcTBeHHor o noAXOAa K peweHHtO aonpocoa TeXHHYe- CKoro COBepweHCTBOBaHHSI np01-13BOACTBa. 1. CorJiaCHbi Jlli Bbl c 3TUMH Bhi no.naMM rrapTni1Horo pyKo- so.ncTsa? Ilo'IeMy? Bepuo JIIi MHeHHe acTopnKOB u 3KOHOMHCTOB o TOM, •ITO caMa CYLL~eCTBOB8BW8Jl B Te rO.l{bl 3KOIIOMH4eCK8Jl 11 00Jli1Tll'ICCK8Jl CJi· CTeMa ,AeJiaJia 3KOHOMIH<y HeBOCIIpH HMttHBOH K BHe_npeHHIO _no- CTJ-f>KCllliH HRYKJf 11 TCXHIIKH B npOH3BO.l{CTBO? 60
  • 62. 3 aAaHJte 8. Pa3raAaihe Kpoccsop.n.. 61
  • 63. no 1'0plt30HTaJIH: 3. IIoaT, 8BTOP IIO~Mbl ~ Hacne.n:nHKT-1 CTaJm- ua •. 5. IIon. 6. Ilo3T, rJiaBIIbiM pe.n:aKTop .mypuaJia •HoBbiH MHp». 9. IIMcaTeJih, anTop poMaua «0TTeneJih» . 10 . CKyJibiiTOp, aBTOp Ha.n:rpo6uoro naMSITHHKa H. C. Xpyr.u;eay. Ilo sepTJtKa- JIH: 1. IlHCaTeJih, 8BTOP poMaHa <<,lJ;OKTOp m~maro» 0 2. KaHope- mnccep, anTop ¢HJihMa <<3acTana lfJihl!lttaL 4. Iloa·r, aaTop c6opHMKa <<BMTpa.mH ~. 7. IlHcaTeJih, anTop poMaua «MoJio.n:an rsap,n;HH». 8. llHcaTeJib, asTop poMaHa • BeJihie o.n:e.m.n:hi». § 42. nonHTHK.A MHPHOrO COCY~ECTBOB.AHHSI: YCnEXH H nPOTHBOPE~HSI 3aAauHe 1. KaKHe 113 nepettHCJieHHhiX HH.me cTpau nepsoua'IaJibHO so- IIIJIU B cocTaB OpraHH38IJ.Hii BapmascKoro .D.Orosopa: An 6aHHSI, Bon rapHH, BeHrpHH, BheTHaM, r.n;P, Kwrai1' Ky6a, MouronaSI, Ilonhma, PyMhiHHSI, qexocn onaKHSI, IOrocna- BHH? llepettHCJIHTe MeporrpHSITHSI COBeTCKOI'O pyKOBOACTB8, KOTO- phie CIIOC06CTBOB8Jlli pa3pSIJI:Ke Me.m.n:yuapO)l.HOM uanpSI.meHHOC- Tli B 50-x - uatt:ane 60-x r r. llepe'mcnnTe uau6onee cephe3IIhie KpH3MChi B Me}[<.n:yuapof- HhlX OTHOUJ('ITHSlX, 8KTHBRhi M Y48C'rHHKOM K01'0pb1X BblCTyiiaJI 62
  • 64. CCCP B 50-x - n a llaJie 60-x rr . ,lJ,aiiTe I<p aTKOC H3JIO:>KCHH e npH- 4HH 3 TUX K PH3 HCOB. 3a,ZJ.anHe 4. IlpHBC,AH TC B COOTBCTCTBHC ,A8HH biC Ta6JIIHI,bl. - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 f o.A 1955 1953 1955 1956 1955 1962 1956 1959 1963 1961 Co6brTue 0KOII'IRHH C KOpe ~iCKOi-1 BOiiHbl 06pa30B!lHrte O p r·a HH3aU.HH BapiUaBCKoro ,11,oroaop a llo,AmtcaHHe CCCP f ocy,Anp cTBeHHor o ,Aoro- aopa c AacTp Hei1 llopM8JHI38UIHl COJJCTCKO·IOrOC.'IRBCIOiX OT· HOWeHUH PocnycK K OMHHQ>OpMa BBe,AeHlfC COBCTCKUX BOi-1cK B B eHrpiiiO l l a 'IRJIO OXJI8:>K,ACIIlUI COBCTCKO·KlfT8HCJ<llX OTHOIDE'HJ1H B ep ;mHcKwii K PH3u c , CBH3aHHhiH c aoaae,11e· HJ-ICM CTCHhi Kapu6cK ~t it Kpli3UC llo,AnllcaHJie Aoroaopa o 3anpem;eHmr H,Aep· HbiX l1CIIblT8HUii D 8TMOCcpepe H noll BO,AOH 3a)J.an ue 5. f1p0'-111Taii:Te )J.OKYMCIIT H OT BCTbTC H8 BOnpOChi. H 3 ,l(eKnapalfUU CCCP u Hnortuu 19 oKmR6pJt 1956 z. ( MocKoocK.aR iJeK.n.apalfUR) 1. CocTOSIHHe BOHHbl Me>+<AY Co t030M C o aeTCKH X Cou,HanHc- THYeCKI1X Pe cny6n11K 11 $lnoHHei1 npeKpaw,aeTCSI co AHSI BCTynne- HHSI a c 11n y HaCTOstw,ei1 AeKnapau,1111, 11 Me >+<AY HI1MI1 aoccTaHaa- 63
  • 65. mtaatoTCA M11p 11 A06pococeACKHe APY>+<ecKHe OTHoweHHA . <...> 9. Co103 Co seTCKHX Cou,HanHCTHYeCKHX Pecny6n11K 11 51noHHA cornac11n11Cb Ha npOAOn>t<eHHe nocne BOCCTaHOBneHHII HOpManb- HbJX AHnnoMaTHYeCKI1X OTHOweHH~ Me>KAY CCCP H 51noHI1e~ ne- peroaopoa o 3aKntOYeHHI1 MHpHoro AOrosopa. np11 3TOM COI03 CoseTCKI1X Cou,HanHCTH4eCKHX Pecny6nHK, HAll Ha8crpeyy no>+<enaHHAMH 51noHI111 11 yYHTbtBaSI HHTepeCbl $lnoHCKoro rocyAapcr8a, cornawaeTCA Ha nepeAaYy 51nOHI111 oc- Tpoaa Xa6oMaH 11 ocTpoaa WHKOTaH c TeM, OAHaKo, YTO cpaK- THYecKaA nepeAaYa 3THX OCTpOBOB 5JnOHI111 6yAeT np01138eAeHa nocne 3aKntOYeHHII MHpHoro AOroso pa Me>+<AY Coto30M CoseT- CKHX Cou,Ham1CH1YeCKI1X Pecny6ni1K 11 51noHHe~ . 1. IloqeMy, ua Bam BJrJia,n., yc·r aHOBJiem1e ,D.HITJIOMaTH'lec- KHX OTHOIIIeHHR Me*AY CCCP H .HnonHeii cocTOHJIOCh JIHm h qepeJ o,n.HHHaAn;aTb JieT nocJie OKOH'laHHH B Topoti MHposoti BOHHE>I? q TO Memano aToMy? 2. IloqeMy coBeTcKoe pyRoBo,n.cTBO corJiaCHJIOCh nepe,n.aTb .HnoHHH qacTh K ypHJihCKHX ocTposos ? 3. IlotreMy 3TOT nyHKT M ocKOBCKOH ,n.eKJiapan;HH 1956 r. TRK 11 He 6biJI BhlllOJIHeH? 4. 3 aKJilO'!eH JIH MHpHbiH ,D.OT'OBOp Mem,n.y ,D.BYMH CTpaHaMK? 3a~anue 6. IIpo'!HTaHTe ,n.oRyMeHThl H OTBeThTe Ha sonpocbi. H3 6ecei)w H. C. Xpyll!-e6a c a;nepuKancKuM.u mypnaaucmaMu (cenmJt6pb 1959 z.) 8 0 n p 0 C. '-!aCTO CCbtnatOTCSI Ha TO, YTO Ha OAHOM AHnnOMa- THYeCKOM npHeMe Bbt IIK06br cKaJanH, YTO Bbl Hac 3aKonaeTe 8 3eMntO. Ecn11 Bbl 3Toro He ro9op11n11, TO, MO>t<eT 6bnb, onpoaeprHeTe, a ecn11 cKa3anH, TO o6bACHI1Te, YTO Bbl 11Menl1 8 BHAY. 0 TBeT. Moe~ >t<I13HI1 He X8aTI1flO 6bt, ecn11 6bl II 83AYMan Ka)I(AOro 113 sac 3aKanbiBaTb. 5I Aei1cTBHTenbHO ros op11n o6 3TOM, HO Moe BbiCKa3biBaHI1e 1138paTI1nl1 C03HarenbHO. PeYb wna He 0 KaKOM-TO cp11311YeCKOM 3aKanbiBaHI111 KOfO-TO 11 KOrAa-TO, a 06 113MeHeHI111 o6w,eCTBeHHOf'O CTpOSI B 11CTOp11YeCKOM pa3811TI111 o6w,ecraa. .. Ha CMeHy Kani1Tani13MY, KaK AOKa3bl8anH MapKc, 3HrenbC 11 neHHH, npHAeT KOMMYH113M. Mbl 8 3TO sep11M•.. BHYKI1 MHOrHx 113 npHcyTcTeytow,Hx 3AeCb 6yAyT >+<11Tb np11 KOMMYHH3Me .. . 64
  • 66. 113 3aR.B.n.enuR. BHY'iKLL II. C. XpyUfe6a (nbtne zpa:JtefJanKu CWA) ( 1991) !11CTOp11S1 CO 8Cei1 O'-le811AHOCTbto noKa3alla, YTO MOi:i AeA 6bln He npa8, KOrAa ro9op1111, '-ITO 8HYKH P. H11KCOHa 6yAyT >f01Tb np11 KOMMYHI13Me. KoMMYHI13Ma 8 TOM nOHI1MaHI1H, Koropoe HMe11 8 811AY OH, HI1KTO 11 H11fAe TaK 11 He nocTp01111, Aa 1-1 8pS1A 1111 KOr- Aa-HI16YAb nocrpo11r. 3aro TO o6~ecr8o, Koropoe HHKHTa Xpy- w.e8 Ha3bt8a11 «U,11TaAe11bto 11Mnep11a11113Ma», AOKa3ano c8oto >t<I13HeHHyto CI111Y 11 SI811SieTCSI cerOAHSI AilS! MH0fi1X >+<enaHHbiM . 1. qeM Bbl MOmeTe 06'b11CHHTb llpUBeJJ.eHHOe BblWe BblCKa3bi- B8Hl-ie II. C. Xpy ut.esa? 2. CorJiaCHhi mt Bhl c MHeHneM BHY'IKH H. C. XpylleBa? ITo•reMy? 3a.uaHHe 7. ,l1;ai1:Te OUpe,n;eJJeHHlJ OOHHTHHM: BoeHHo-npoMbiWJJeHHhrii KoMnJJeKc - - -- - - - -- - -- feOUOJUITlfKR - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - -- 65
  • 67. Ilau;mlnt3M - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - MHpuoe cocyru;ecTsosaHHe Cou,namiCTHqecKnii narepb - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - PA3AEn 7. CCCP B CEPEAHHE 60-x - CEPEAHHE 80-x rr. XX a. § 43. KOHCEPBAU.HSI nOm1TH"4ECKOrO PE>KHMA 3a.nanue 1. 0 TBeTbTC llHCbMeUHO H8 llOCT8BJieHIIhie BOilpOCbl. 1. KaKHe rocy,D.apcTncnnhie 11 nap'l'MHHhte noCTbi aaHHMa - m t JI. Jtl. BpemHes u A. H . .Kochiri1H u pu H. C. Xpy~esc? 2. KaKI1e n ocThi B pyKOBO,llCTBe napnteH: H c TpaHOH OHM llOJiy'IIL'HI B pe3yJl bT8'l'C Cl'O OTCTp8HeHHR OT BJI8C'r .H? 3. lfTO Bbl MO)KeTe CK83aTh 06 HX TIOJIHTHttCCKUX B3rJI.R,D.8X H cuMn8THHx'l "liTo o6ru;cro y HHX 6ht JIO c II. C. Xpyru,esbiM u ero noJUiTli'IerKH M Kypc oM? B 'leM OHn pa,llHKaJibHO OTJIH- ' I anucb OT Ilf'rO If CrO pe(J>OpMaTOpCKOii DOJIHTHKM? 4. KaK B ,D.RJibHeihneM cno~oiJiaCb nx nonnTuqecKan CY,D.b6a? 66
  • 68. 67
  • 69. 3a,~~;anne 2. H3 npH ae,neHuoro IHOKC rrcpc~mn DLI'ICPKIIHTC Jinlllncc. Ilo;mni '!eCKHe .1CHCTBHSI HOBoro pyKoso,neTaa CCCP: a ) ynpa3,1IICHIIC eOBH8pX030B; 6) BOeeTIHIOBJH'IIlte OTpaeJieBbiX MlfHHeTepeTB; B) 3H8'!WfeJibHbiH pOeT lJHeJia MUHlteTcpeTB 11 Be,ll.OMeTB; r) ycHJJenue poTau;Iut pyKOBOJ.SI~Hx ynpasneH'IeeKu x KaA- pos B u,enTpe 11 Ha MecTax; A ) poeT y n pasnewi ecKoro anrrapaTa; e ) yBMW-lCHHC paeXOAOB Ha CO,ll.Cp)KaiiHC annapaTa ynpa.BJICIIHJI; .»<) BBCACHHC ACMOKp8THt.J.eeKUX npo~e.n.yp n o.n.6opa H na- 3H8'1CHlUI pyKOBO.ll.Jl~Hx Ka}.pos; 3) 60pb68 C CeMeiicT BCHHOCTbiO It npOTeKL(110HH 3MOM B Ka- ,1pOBO?'t pa60TC. 3a.n.anne 3. IlpO'!HT8HTC 10KYMCH'rbl It OTBCTbTC JJ8 BOOpOChl. 113 iJoK.JtaiJa JJ. II. Bpe"'neea na XXIll c"be3iJe Knee ( 1966) napnHI BCer Aa npOSIBnsma 3a6ory 0 BbiABH>t<eHHH Ha pyKOBOASI- w,ytO napT11HHYtO H rocyAapCTBeHHYIO pa6or y HOBbiX BblpOCWHX KaApOB. 4TO KaCaeTCSI HbiHe AeHCTBYIOW,HX HOpM pernaMeHTHpOBaHHSI 3roro npou,ecca (aseAeHHbiX XXII cbe3AOM a 1961 r .- Aar. ), TO >t<I13Hb noKa3ana, YTO OHI-1 c e611 He o npaBAanH. np11 Bbt6opax KOMMYHI1CTOB B pyKOBOASIW,He opr aHbl npHH~Hnbl noA60pa KaApOB no AenoBbiM 11 noni1THYeCKHM t<aYecraaM KOe-rAe cr an11 nOAMe- HSITbCSI cpopManbHbiMI1 coo6pa>+<eHI1SIMI1. B pe3ynbrare c pa6orbt a Bbt6opHbiX opraHax 3aYacr ytO BbiHY>+<AeHbl yxoAHTb xopow 11e pa- 6oTHI1KI1, KOTOpbte MOrJ111 ew,e at<TI1BHO pa6oTaTb B napT11i1HbiX KO- MI1TeTaX. H3 nocmanoeJtenuJt XXIV c'Oe3iJa Knee o 'f.acmu'LnbLX U3MenenuJZ.x e Ycmaee Knee (1971) 2. B ~en11x AanbHei1wero noabtWeHHSI oraercraeHHOCTH 11 aKTHB- HOCTI1 nepB11YHbiX napropraHI13a~Hi1 a ocyw,ecraneHI111 noni1THKH napr1111, yc11neH1111 11x opr aHH3aropcKoi1 11 socmtrar enbHoi1 pa6orbt s KonneKr~o~aax TPYAIIW,11XCSI: a) pacnpocrpaHI1Tb nono>+<eHHe Ycraaa Kn ee o npaae KOHrpo- nSt AeStr enbHOCTI1 aAM11HHcrpa~HH Ha nepB114Hbte napropra HI13a~HI1 acex npoeKTHbtX opraHI13a~l1i1, KOHcrpyKropct<HX 610po, Hay4HO- 68
  • 70. HCCneAOBaTeflbCKHX HHCTHTYTOB, yye6H~X 3aBeAeHH~1 KYflbTYPHO- npocseTHTenbHbiX1 ne"4e6HbiX 11 ApyrHX yype>KAeHI1~ 11 opraHH3a- U,H~1 cpyHKU,1111 aAMHHHCTpaU,HH KOTOpbiX He BbiXOART 3a paMKI1 CBO- HX KOnneKTHBOB. B OTHOWeHI111 naprH~HbiX opraHH3au,H~ MHHI1CTepcTB1 rocyAap- CTBeHHbiX KOMI1TeTOB H ApyrHX U,eHTpanbHbiX 11 MeCTHbiX COBeTCKHX X03R~CTBeHHbiX y"4pe>KAeHH.::i H BeAOMCTB OnpeAeni1Tb1 YTO OHH ocyw,ecTenRtoT KOHTponb Ja pa6oTo~ annapaTa no BblnonHeHI1to AHpeKTHB napTHI1 11 npasi1TenbCTea, co6ntoAeHI1to coeeTCKHX 3a- KOHOB. HJ eocno.Muttattuii H. H . Pw:Hucoea (6wemezo ttaetta floaum610po ll,K Knee, ceKpemapR. l.{K KflCC, flpefJcefJameaJL Coeema Muttucmpoo) BnaCTb y TaK Ha3blsaeMbiX napnt.::iHbiX n11Aepos 6b1na 11 snpRMb a6comoTHoi:i 11 no"'TH 6e3pa3AenbHoi:i. no cyTI11 annapaT napTHI1 HaMepreo cpaCTI1nCR c rocyAapcTBeHHbiM ynpasneHI1eM. B CoseT ~HH I1Crpoe YacTeHbKO npHXOAHnl1 Ha noAn11Cb nocTaHooneHI1R Co- sera ~11HHCTpOB >Kel HO nOArOTOBneHHble B UK. .. npeACeAaTenb CoseTa ~HHHCTpos H11Koro 113 MI1HHCTpos 11n11 cso11x 3aMOB 6e3 peweHHSI nonHT6tepo yoomtTb He MOrI Aa>Ke ecnl1 re 113 PYK SOH nnoxo pa6oTan11. H3 K01£C1nU1nYlfUU CCCP, nputtJLmoii. 7 oKmR.6pR. 1977 z. C TaT b R 6 . PyKoBOARW,ei:i 11 HanpaenRtow,e.:i c11no.:i cosercKoro o6w,ecrsa1 RAPOM ero noni1TH"4eCKOH CHCTeMbl1 rocyAapcrseHHbiX 11 o6w.ecTeeHHbiX opraHH3aU,11H RBnReTCR KoMMYHI1CTI14ecKaR nap- THR CoseTcKoro Coto3a. Knee cy11.1ecTsyeT AnR HapoAa "' cny>KHT HapOAY · Boopy>KeHHaR MapKCHCTCKo-neHHHCKHM yYeHHeM, KoMMYHHC- TH4ecKaR napTHSI onpeAenReT reHepanbHYIO nepcneKTHSY pa3SHTHSI o6w.ecTsa1 nHHHto sHyrpeHHe.:i 11 sHew HeH nonHTHKH CCCP1 pyKo- SOAHT senHKOH C03HAaTenbHOH AeRTenbHOCTbto COBeTCKOrO Hapo- Aa1 npHAaer nnaHOMepHbll11 Hay4HO o6ocHosaHHbli:i xapaKrep ero 6opb6e 3a no6eAy KOMMYHH3Ma. Bee napT11HHble opraH113au,1111 Aei:icTsytoT B paMKax KoHCTHTy- U,1111 CCCP. H 3 iJneoHUIW ttaetta floaum610po U,K KflCC fl. E. llleaecma 27 OKTR6pR 1972 r . 5I see 4aw,e 11 "4aW.e 3aAYMbiBatoCb HaA SO- npOCOM: nO"leMy cpeAH HaC, KOMMYHI1CTOB-eAHH0Mb1WfleHHI1KOS1 cpeAH pyKoSOARw.er o cocTasal cyw.ecTsyer TaKaR KosapHaR noA- nocTb1 >KeCTOKOCTb1 He06beKT11SHOCTb 11 HecnpaSeAfli1BOCTb no OT- 69
  • 71. HOWeHHIO K 6b1BWI-1M TOBapHW,aM no pa60Te np1-1 nepeMeHe ero MeCTa H AOfl>t<HOCHt. fAe >+<e r yMaHHOCTb, 0 KOTOpO~ Mbl TaK «npeKpacHo» roeop1-1M? fAe ToeapHw,ecTeo, yea>+<eH!,1e Apyr APY- ra? Bcero noro no-HaCTOSIW,eMy-To j,1 HeT. Hac ry611T, pa3beAatOT nOAXanHMCTBO, neCTb, yrOAHH'ieCTBO, TpyCOCTb 3a CBOe nonO>+<e- H!,1e. Eiopb6a 3a enaCTb cTana ew.e cHnbHee j,1 o>+<ecToYeHHee, YeM e npownoM 3a YaCTHYIO co6cTeeHHOCTb. BnacTb - 3HaYI-1T see. 1. qeM Bhi MOmeTe o6'bSICHHTb H3'hSITHe ua YcTaaa KIICC n pHH.IITOro no HHHII,H8THBe Xpy~eaa a 1961 r. nonomeHHSI 0 pOT8D;HH napTHHHblX Ka.n;poa? 2. qeM 6hiJIO Bhi3aaao aHeceaue B YcTaB KIICC rronome- HHSJ 0 pacuntpeAHH ccpepbi napTHHHOrO KOHTpOJISI 38 .n;esiTeJib· HOCThlO a).J,MHHHCTp8D;HH npe.D;npHSITHH H yqpem.n;eHHii, a TaK- me r ocann apaTa? 3. E tieMy Ha .n;ene seno BhiUOJIHellHe CT aTbH 6 KoacTHTy- IJ;HH o •PYKOBO.n;.R:II.J;e:H H H anpaBJI.R:IOII.J;eii poJIH» KTICC? 4. IlpOtiHT3HTe .n;HeBHHKoayro 3anHch II. E. IIIenecTa. qeM M OmHO o6'b.IICHHTh npHtiHHhi ee llOSIBJieHHH? CorJiaCHhl JIH Bhl C ero p a3MhlillJieHHSJMH 0 BJI8CTH? 3a,ll,aaue 4. J.lcn OJih3Y.II MaTepHEIJihJ yqe6HHKa, COCT8BbTe KpaTKHH JlOJIH· THtieCK HM nopTpeT JI. 11:. BpemHeaa. § 44. 3KOHOMHKA ccPA3BHTOrO COU.HAflH3MA, 3a,ll,aane 1. flo MEITepHaJiaM yqe6RHKa 3EillOJIHHTe ).J,H8rpaMMhl H OT- BeTbTe REI ITOCTEIBJieHRbJe BOllpOCbl. 70
  • 72. CoBOKynuaR peHma6e.tt>IIOCml> ce.'lt>CKOXOJRilcmaeHHOZO npouJaoiJcnwa tJ 1970 l. CoBX03Horo npoM3BOACTBa Konxo3Horo npOH3BOACTBa 1. B l JeM Bhr sn,n;HTe npH~m nhl T8KOH mt3KOi'J pcuTa6enh· IIOCTH COBX03HOI'O II KOJIX03HOrO npOll3BO,ll,CTB8 Dp11 orpOMHbi X KBDHTBJIOBJIOmCUH~X? 2. KaKJ-Je pbl'Jarn, Ha Bam B3rJI~,ll,, euoco6Hhl 6 hiJIH B 3H8l JMTCJibHOlf MCpe TIOBbi CHTb pC HT86CJTbiiOCTb CCJibCKOI'O X03~iicTB8? 3. qeM Bbf MO>KeTe 06'b~CHllTb HCYKJIOHHOC B03p8CT8HHe Ae<l>HIVtTa npOAOBOJThCTBM~ B CCCP B 70-x n a4anc 80- x rr. ? 4. 3a clJeT ~tero snacTJ1 nhlTannch pcw HTh upOJI.OBOnbcT- BeHHYIO IIp06JieMy, KOTOpa~ 6b1JT8 npli3H8Hll UMH UaH60JICC OCTpoil'? 3 a JJ;8HH e 2. J1CTI0Jib3Y~ MBTCplt8Jibl Y4C6HltKa, pacKpoi.iTe OCHOBIIbi e Ha- npaBJICHHS! arpapHoii pe¢opMhl 1965 r. 71
  • 73. 3a.~~:anne 3. lla OCHOB8HHII M8TepU8JlOB y"'le6HiiK8 H8IIHJJHITC 06 OCHOB- HbiX Haiip8BJleHHSIX pe<}>OpMbl npOMhl WJICHHOCTH 1965 r. H QT- BeThTe na aonpocbi. 1. K aKHe H3 rrpe.~~:npnHSIThiX Mep Bhl C'IHTaeTe Haa6onee ana'IHMbiMH JJ.JISI pocTa npoMhilllJieHHOro npoH3BOACTsa? IIo- 'leMy? 2. Cyw;ecTaoaaJm JIH aHyTpennae rrpoTaaopeqHsr 3RMhiCJlfl pecpopMbi? 3. llo'leMy MHOrHe :JKOHOMHCTbl H HCTOpHKH CllliT8IOT pe- <}>opMy 1965 r. HaH6onee paAHKRJILIIoii H3 scex npoae.~~:eHHhiX IIpli COBeTCKOU BJIRCTIJ? 4. B 'leM Bhi BHAHTe BHY'l'pH - H BHelllHenonnTH'leCKHe upe.~J:IIOCbiJIKH CBCpTblBRHH.fl p e <}>OpMbl 1965 r . ? 5. KTo a BbiCIDeM nonHTH"'IeCKOM pyKOBOACTBe CCCP Bbi- c Tynan 38 3KOHOMHl(CCKyiO pe<f>opMy 1965 r. lt KTO DpOTHB nee? IJoqeMy? 72
  • 74. 3a,~J;anue 4. Ilo M8TepHaJiaM yqe6HHK8 38IIOJIHHTe Ta6mm;y H 38IIHillHTe OTBe'l'bl H8 BOrrpOCbi. llOCJleiJcmBUJI. C8epmbt8aUU.H pe{jJOp.fttbl 1965 Z. T eMnbi n pHpocTa TeMDbl pacTa H8U.HOH81TbHOI'O AOX0,/8 npoH3BOAHTeJTbHOCTH TPYAB 1966-1970 1981-1985 1966-1970 1981-1985 1. Kai<HMH o6'hei<THBHbTMH rrpR"lfHHaMH pyKOBO,li,CTBO cTpa- Hbl 06'bRCHSIJIO na,D,eHne TeMIIOB 3KOHOMH'ieCKOrO pOCTa? 2. Kai<He n pHqHHhi TaKor o llOJIOjl{eHH.H ,D,en MOjl{eTe Ha- 3B8Th Bhl? 73
  • 75. 3aAaHHC 5. ITocMoTpwre cxeMbi H OTBeThTe ua aorrpocbl. Tenw'leCKaR omcma;wcmb CCCP K 1-ta•ta.zy 80 x zz. 40% pa60THI!1KOB npOMbiWJleHHOCTI!1 74 BpyqHyio pa6oTaJIH 60% CTp01!1Ten elil 75% pa60THI!1KOB cenbCKoro xo35tliiCTBa
  • 76. JKuJLuupwe cmpoumeJtbcmeo Y,n:eJihHhiH sec KanHTaJioBnomeuHn a mHJIH~Hoe CTpOHTeJibCTBO 1966- 1970 rr. 1981-1985 r r . IIocmpoeuo ~eeapmup 1960 r. 2MnH I 1984 r. I 2MnH H JMeHeHue cmpyKmypbt :nccnopma uJ CCCP Ja 1960- 1985 zz. )J;OJISI M8illHH H o6opy,n:OB8HlHJ: 1960 rr. 1985 rr. ,ll;oJISI ue¢TH 11 raJa 1960r. 1985 r. 75
  • 77. Jlpupocm peaJLbllblX iJoxoiJo6 ua iJywy ~taceJtelluJL 6 CCCP 61966- 1985 u. 1966 r. - 1970 r. 1981- 1985 r. CCCP 5,9 o/o 2, 1 % J(oJLR qwniJa Japa6om nou n.wmbt 6 HQU,UOILQJlbltO.M iJoxoiJe ( 198.5) CWA Weeu,l.-151, Weeli1u,ap1t151 1. l.feM Bhl MOjf(CTC 06'hHCilHTb CCphC3HyiO TCXUH<ICCKYIO OTCT8JlOCTh CCCP? 2. l..{eM MOjf(HQ 06'hHCHIITh TOT <lJaKT, tJTO, HCCMOTpn Ha poeT cTpOHTCJThH biX MOUJ;HOCTeii:, CCCP B 1984 r. nocTpOHJJ CTOJlbKO .iKe KB8pTHp, CKOJihKO B 1960 r.? 3. flpOKOMMCHTHpyii'fe lf3MCHCHUC CTpyKTyphl 3KCIIOP'I'H H3 CCCP. LfeM aTo MOmHO 06'bHCHHTb? 4. t.{To o6ycnosu ;ro coKpaiiJ,eHHe rrpupocTa peaJibHhiX .u.oxo- .D.OB Hace.'leH~uJ CCCP? 5. l..feM MO)KHO 06'h.H.Clll-1Th npHBC.U,CHHbie .a,aHHhlC 0 ,10JIC ¢oa.u.a aapa6oTaoii nnaThr B H81I,UOHaJihiJOM .u.oxoAe CCCP u .u,pyrnx cTpau? RaK OHM corJiacyroTca c aansneau.H.MH Xpy- w;eaa o nocTpoeHJH1 K 1980 r. KOMMynnaMa B CCCP n rncc- THKpa·I' HOM npeBbl WClniH IIpOMbllli JICHHOJ'O IIpOH3BO,li.C'TBa flO cpasHeHHIO c CliiA? 3a.u,auue 6. 3aiiOJIHIITC nponyu~eHHbJC CTpOKH. 1. Ha •6pemHeBCKHX» nwrHJICTOK Hau6onee y.u,a ,ruoii 6btJia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • 1'8K K8K HMCHHO B :J'I'O BPCM.H. 76
  • 78. 2. Kpynne:HmHMH HOBOCT p OHKaMH 8 - H: nHTHJieTK H 6 hlJIH__ 3. Kpyn HeiiiiiHMH H OBOCTpoll.KaMM 9-11 rUITMJle'l'KM 6biJIH __ 4. Kpyn HeMIIIMMM HOBOCTpo:HKaMM 1 0-:H nHTHJieTKH 6biJlH_ 5. f JiaBHbiMIJ llpH'lHHaMH 3aMe,n;JieiJUH TeMOOB JKOHOMM'le- cKor o pocTa CCCP B 7 0-e rr. 6hiJIH ____________ § 45. 06ll.ECTBEHHA~ )t013Hb B CEPEAHHE 60-x- CEPEAHHE 80-x rr. 3 a,n;auue 1. BhPiepKHHTe JIHmHMe noJiomeaMJI. KoHIJ,enu,H.H paasMTor o coiJ,HaJIH3Ma : a) If,ll;e.H UOJIHOH O,li;HOp O,ll;HOCTH COBeTCKOrO 06ll.leCTB8; 6) ,n;aJibHeH:mee paaBHTHe rocy,n;apcTBa ,n;HKTaTypbi npo ne· TapMaTa; B) BblBO,ll; 06 OKOH 4.aTeJi hHOM perue n MH H8l1,110llaJihliOJ'O BO- npoca B CCCP; r) Te3MC 06 OTCYTCTB MM BHYTPH COBeTCKOrO 061..IJ,eCTB8 pe- 8JibHhliX IIpOTHBOp e <IHH; p;) BbfBO,ll; 0 6eCKOHq)JIHRTHOCTH COBe TCKOPO o6~eCTB8 B yc- JlOBHJIX pa3BHTOrO C0ll,lf8JIM3Ma; e) UOJIOJ:KeHne 0 ,n;onyCTIIMOCTH Ha HOBOM JTane pa3BHTHJI M l iOrorrapTMHllOCTH. 77
  • 79. 3an;aHJte 2. 0TaeTbTe Ha nocTaaneHHbie aonpochl. 1. qeM MOJKHO 06'b.RCHR Tb He06XO,AHMOCTb pa3pa60TKH KOII~eiTIUHJ p a3BHTOrO C011;H 8JIH3Ma? 2. KaKHe nocnen;cTBHH H MeJio ee npHHHTHe? K aK OHO oT- p aaHJIOCh Ha CO.zJ;epmaHMH BHyTpeHIIeH H BHeillH eR ITOJIHTlfKH ? 3an;a u He 3. IIon;nHmH Te cpoTorpaqnm H OTBeThTe Ha n ocTaaJteH Hbre ao- npoci:.r. 1. q TO Bbi 3HaeTe 06 H 306pa>KeHllbiX HR QJOTO JIIO.lJ;SIX? 2. q TO 06'be.zJ;HH SIJIO H X llOJIHTHtteCKHe 003H l{HR? 3. B tteM cocTOHJia npHH~HnHaJihHa.R pa3HHu;a s w x M H po- B033peH HH, ITOJIHTI.f'-I eCKHX ITO.lJ;XO.zJ;RX? 4. K aKH e JIHTepaTypHhle npOH 3Ben;eHHH on;H oro H 3 Hl.fX saM 113BeCTHbl? 3a,a:aaue 4. flpOttH TaiiTe rrp HBe.zJ;eHHbi e HHJKe .lJ;OKyM e H Tbl K OTBeTbT e H a JlOCTaBJieHHbi e BOrrpOCbi. H3 nucb.Ma 6 U.K Knee om ocmaBwuxcJt 6 :HCuBwx itemeii. ICOMMynucmo6, neo6ocnoBanno penpeccupoBanHw.x ema;wnwM (cenm~t6pb 1967 z.) B HaCTOl'IUJ,ee speMR c rp116yH, B neYaTI1, no paA110 11 reneBI1- AeHI1to np o naraHA11py torcll «3acnynn> e rani1Ha. C0aKTI1YeCKI1 3TO RBnRercR nepecMo rpoM nocraHosneHI1ii XX 11 XXII cbe3AOB Knee. 78
  • 80. Hac 3TO Tpeeo>+<HT. 1-1 He TOnbKO noTOMY1 YTO HawH pOAHble H Mbl caMH1 KaK 11 MI1I1Ili10Hbl Apyr~-t x IltOAei11 cran11 >t<epTBaMI1 co- 3AaHHOH CTani1HbiM MaWI1Hbl npecrynneHI1H. HaM TSI>t<eno C03Ha- eaTb 1 YTO e OA06peHI1e npo113eona e ceoe epeMSt 6b1Ill1 BTSIHYTbl >+<ecToKo o6MaHyTble MaCCbl. 3 To He AOil>t<HO noeTopHTbCSI. Bo3- po>t<AeHHe npownoro cTaBI1T nOA yAap HAel1 KOMMYHI13Mal A11C- KpeA11T11pyeT Hawy CHCTeMy1 B03BOA11T B 3aKOHOMepHOCTb r116enb MI1I1I1HOHOB HeBHHHbiX IliOAeH. nl06ble nonbJTKH o6enHTb YepHble Aena CTailHHa TaSIT B ce6e onacHOCTb noeTopeHHSI cTpawHoi1 TpareAH11 Hawei1 napT1111I ecero Haw ero HapOAa 11 KOMMYHI1CTI14eCKOrO AB~-t>t<eHHSI B u,enOM. n. 51K11pl n.lleTpOBCKHH, A. AHTOHOB-OeceeHKOI tO. n apHH- Eiyxap HHI tO. BaeHnOB1 A. EioKHi1, 111. WnStnHHKOB 11 AP· Bcero 43 noAnHCH. Ha nucb.Ma A. H. Co.n:HCenulfbtna IV BcecoJOanoMy c-oeaiJy Co10aa nucame.neii CCCP 16 .MaJt 1967 z. n 11repaTyp a, KOTOpaSI He eCTb B03AYX COBpeMeHHOrO ei1 o6- w,eCTBa, KOTopaSt He c MeeT nepeAaTb o6w.ecr ey ceo10 6onb 11 Tpe- eory, e HY>+<HytO nopy npeAynpeA11Tb o r po3SIUJ.I1X HpaecTeeHHbiX 11 COU,Hai1bHbiX onaCHOCTSIX, He 3acny>+<HBaeT Aa>t<e Ha3BaHI1SI IlHTe- parypb11 a ecero n11wb - KOCMeTHKa... Y>t<e TPI1 roAa eeAeTCSI npOTHB MeHSI, ec10 eoi1Hy npoeoeeae- wero KOMaHAHpOM 6arape11 , Harpa>+<AeHHOrO 6oeBbiMI1 OpAeHaMI11 6e30TBeTCTBeHHaSI KileBeTa: 4TO Sl OT6b1Ban cpOK KaK yrOilOBHI1K HilH CAancSt e nneH (St H11KOrAa TaM He 6bln), «113MeHHn PoA.HHe» 1 «cny>+<Hn y HeMu,es» . TaK HCTOilKOBbiBatOTCSI 11 neT MOHX narepei1 11 CCbiilKH, KyAa Sl nonan 3a Kp11T11KY CTani1Ha. Ha Y~ea3a flpe3uiJuyMa Bepxoonozo Coeema CCCP om 12 tjJeopaaJt 1974 z. Ha ocHoeaHHH CTaTbH 7 3aKoHa CCCP or 19 aer ycTa 1938 r . «0 rpa>+<AaHCTBe Co103a CoeeTCKI1X Cou,Hani1CTHYeCK11x Pecny6- Il11K» 3a AeHCTBHSI1 nopoYaw,He 3BaHI1e rpa>+<AaHHHa CCCP, n11w 11Tb rpa>+<AaHcrea CCCP 11 BbiABOpHTb 3a npeAeilbl CCCP Con>+<eHI1U,bi- Ha AneKcaHApa l-1caesH4a1 1918 roAa po>+<AeHHSI1 ypo>+<eHu,a rop. K11cnoeoAcKa. 1. qeM Bhl MOJKeT e 06'bHCHHTb K8Mll8HH10 00 BOCXBaJie- IUIIO CTaJUfHa, ll8tJ!8BillYJOC.H B CTpaHe OOCJie CH.HT HH H. C. X p yw.esa? 2. CornacHhl JJ» Bhi c MHemreM aBTopoB nHChMa B l(K KIICC, ':IT O aTo 03Ha't!aJio OTXO,ll, OT perneHHii XX H XXII C'he3- ,li,OB KIICC? 3. qTo HMen B BH,li,Y A. 11. CoJIJKeHHJJ;hiH, KOr,ll,a on;eHHBaJI COBe'FCKYIO JIHTepaTypy cepe,li,I1HbJ 60-x rr. OO,li,06HhiM o6pa30M? 4. KaKHe rrpowJse,n:eHHR A. 11. CoJI~eHHJJ;hlHa Bhi J n aeTe? KaKaH H,ll,eH npOXO,ll:HT B HMX KpaCHOH H H'rbiO? 79
  • 81. 5. qTO IIOCJIY>KHJlO HCTHHHOti npHt.IHIIOH BbiCbiJIKH 11:3 CTpa- HbJ A. H. ConmenHIJ;hina? § 46. nOJl..CTHKA PA3PJJAKH: HAAE>t<Abl H PE3YllbTATbl 3a,IJ;anue 1. Ilo MaTepHaJiaM yqe6RHK8 uamniiHTe OCHOBHhie C06hiTHH suemnenoJIHTHt.J:eCKOH .AeHTeJthHOCTH CCCP no cJie.AyJO~HM n a- npasnenHHM: A) OTHomeuHa co cTpauaMH co:u;HaJIHCTH'lecKoro nar ep$1; B) OTHOllleuHR c pa3BHThiMH KanHTaJIHCTHqecKHMH cTpa- uaMH; B) oTnomenHH c pa3BHB8IOIIJ.HMHCR CTpanaMH. A) B) B) 3a.AaHHe 2. Bhl'lepKuHTe JIHmnee. OcnosnbJe rronomenH$1 3aKJIIoqwTeJihHOro aKTa XenbCHHK- cKoro cosem;aRHR no 6e3onacuocTH H coTpy.n,nwieCTBy B Espo- ne (1975): 80 a) cysepennoe pasencTso cTpan-y'laCTHH:u;; 6) HellpHMeHeHHe CHJibi HJIH yrp03bl CHJIOH; s) uepymHMOCTh nocnesoerrnhiX rpanHn.; r) TeppHTOpH8JibH8H l(eJIOCTHOCTb CTpaH-y'l8CTHHIJ.; .A) MHpuoe yperynwposanHe cnopos; e) MHpHOe COCylleCTBOB8HHe; m) HeBMemaTeJibCTBO BO BHyTpeHHHe .AeJia; 3) ysameHHe npas qenoseKa H ocnosublx cso6o.n.;
  • 82. H) HCITOJib30BRITHC 8 C.1yq ae BOOpy>KCHIIblX KORcpJIHKTOB JI:Hillb 06bJTIHbiX BH~OB BOOpy>KeHnii. 3a.n;anne 3. Ha ocHosanlni MaTepHanos yqe6HHKa H ~oKyMeHTOB OTseTbTe na sonpochr. H3 nocmanOB.II.enuJl ll,K KUCC om 12 i1etca6p1l1979 z. K nono>+<eHI110 «A)) 1. 0Ao6p11Tb coo6pa>+<eHHI1 "' MeponpH11THI1, H3no>+<eHHble TT. AH- ,o,ponoabiM 10. B., YcTHHOBbiM A. <t>., rpoMbiKO A. A. Pa3pewHTb HM a XOAe ocyw.ecraneHHII 3THX MeponpH11THH BHO- CHTb KOppeKTHBbl HenpHHU.Hnl1allbHOrO xapaKTepa. Bonpocbl, rpe6ytow,He peweHHil U,K, caoe8peMeHHO 8HOCHTb B nonHT6tOpO. Ocyw,ecr aneHHe 8cex 3THX MeponpH11THH 803nO>+<HTb Ha TT. AH- Aponoaa 10. B., YcTHHOBa A. <t>., rpoMbiKO A . A. H3 60Cno.Munanuii B. B. rpoM06a- tco.ManiJyJOU!-ezo Ozpanu'!ennwM tconmunzenmoM co6emc~Cux Boiictc 6 Alj)zanucmane Ha ocH08aHHH ycTHbiX np11Ka3aHHH MHHHCTpa o6opoHbl Mapwa- na Co8eTcKoro Coto3a A. <t>. YcTHH08a 8 AeKa6pe 1979 r. 6b1no OTAaHo 6onee TPHALJ:aTH pa3nH~HbiX AHpeKTH8, 8 cooraeTCT8HH c KOTOp b1MI1 Ha reppHTOp1111 CpeAHea3~-taTcKoro "' TypKecraHCKoro BOeHHbiX OKpyroB 6bl00 pa38epHyTO 11 AOYKOMnneKT08aHO OKOJlO era coeAHHeHHH, ~acrei1 11 y~pe>+<AeHI1i1... An11 060HX 80eHHbiX OKpyroa 3TO 6blll0 CaMOe KpynHOe M06H- Jll13aLJ.I10HHOe pa38epTbiBaHHe 3a nocneAHHe non8eKa. B aolicKax 1-1 BOeHHbiX KOMHCCapHaTaX 6bllll1 y8epeHbl 8 TOM, ~TO HAeT o6bi~­ HaR HHCneKTOpCKall npo8epKa. flHWb 24 AeKa6p11 Ha COBeW,aHHI-1 pyKOBOARW.er o cocraea M~-tHHCTepcrea o6opOHbl CCCP 6blno o6b- 11BneHo o np11HI1THI1 coaeTcKHM pyKOBOACT80M peweHHR o 8BOAe 8oi1cK a Aq>raHHCTaH... 6blllO onpeAeneHo H TO'lHoe apeMR nepe- xoAa rpaHHU.bt -15.00 25 AeKa6pS1 1979 r. H3 omK.pbtmozo nucb.M.a A./(. CaxapoBa coBemctco.My pyK.oBoiJcmBy ( 1980) 5I o6paw.atocb K BaM no 8onpocy ~pe38b1Yai1Ho.:t aa>+<HOCTH - o6 Aq>raHHCTaHe... BoeHHble Aei1CT8HR a A<PraHI1CTaHe npOAOn>KatoTCil y>+<e ceMb MeCilU,eB. norl-16111-1 11 HCKaJle"teHbl TbiCil"tH COBeTCKHX 1110Aei1 11 Ae- CRTKH TbiCR~ aq>raHU,eB - He TOJlbKO napT113aH, HO, rna8HbiM o6- pa30M, MJ.1pHbiX >KHTeneH - CTapHK08, >+<eHW,HH, AeTeH, KpeCTbRH 11 ropo>+<aH. 6onee MHlll1HOHa aq>raHu.ee cr an11 6e>+<eHU.aMH... Aq>raHCK11e co6biHtR KapA11HanbHO 113MeHHJ1H nonHTH"tecKoe no- no>+<eHHe a MHpe. 0HI1 nocra8HnH noA yAap pa3pRAKy, co3AanH yrpo3y He TOJlbKO 8 3TOM pai1oHe, HO 11 8e3Ae... 81
  • 83. BHyTp~-1 CCCP y omHeaeTCSI pa3op11TenbHaSI ceepxM~-tnHTap~-t3a­ ~HSI CTpaH~ (oco6eHHO r y 6HTenbHa SI B ycnOBI1SIX 3KOHOMI1YeCKHX TPYAHOCTei1), He ocyw,ec T snSitOTCR >+<113HeHHO sa>+<Hbte pecpopMbl B X03 Sii1CTBeHH0-3KOHOMI1YeCKHX 11 CO~I-IanbHbiX o 6naCTSIX, Y CI111HBa- eTCSI onacHaSI p011b p e npeCCI1BHbiX o praHOB, KOTOpbte MOry T Bbli1- TI1 H3-110A K OHTpOnSI . H 3 60C1WJI£un anuii B. A . Kprott1W6a - 6btemezo llpeoceiJameJLJt KrB B o 6 w,e.:1 c n o >t<HOCTH 3a 3TI1 r o Abt ( 1979-1989) B AcpraHHCTa- He n o 6btBanl1 OK0 110 900 TbiCSIY COBeTCKI-I X BO eHHOCn y >+<aUJ,I-IX p a3- n HYHb iX pOA OB BOi1CK . Vlx Y11CileH HOCTb B O TAellbHbte n epHO Abl KO- n e6anac b OT 30 TbiCSIY A O HeMHOfHM 6onee 100 TbiCSIY YenoBeK. 1. "lleM 6hi J10 Bb13B8HO p erneHHe COBeTCKOr O PYKOBO~CTBa o BBO~e soiicx B A cpr aHHCTaH? 2. q eM 38KOR4HJ10Cb ~eC.HTHJieTRee npe6bl B8HHe COBeTCKH X BORcK B AcpraHHCTaHe? 3. KaKoso 6hrno OTHo weHHe K so:HH e B p a3n HqHbi X cnoHx co- BeTcKoro o6m;ecTsa? B Mem~yaapo~HOM coo6I..U;ecTse? 4. K RK Bbi cqHTaeTe, no6e~oR H JIH rropamea:ueM 3anepiiiH - nacb BORHa ~JlJJ CCCP? 06'b.HCHHTe rrotreMy. 3a.n;auue 4. flpHBe~wre B COOTBe'I'CTBHC ~8HHhlC T86JIHIJ;hl. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 82 ro,ll. 1967 1970 1972 1976 1968 1968 1968 1972 1975 1971 Co6hiTHe Me>t<,li.YIUipO/HOe COBeli8HHe KOMMYHHCTH· qeCKHX H pa6oqJ1x napTHH B MOCKBe IJO,li.DUC8Hfle )lorOBOpa 0 MHpBOM HCITOJ1b30- B8IIHI1 KOCMHI.{eCKOl'O npOCTp8HCTB8 Ilo,ll.mJcamte )lorosopa o Hep acn pocTp as e- n na SI,li.Cpnoro opy>KHS! COBMCCTH81l BOeH H8SI aKnH.R CTpaH BapmaB· CKO!'O ,li.Or OBOpa B q eXOCJ10B8KflH IIo,~~.nucauHe B MocKBe )loPosop a Me»<AY CCCP n <l>Pr o npaauaHHH nocJiesoeaabJX Ppasau. s Espou c IlOJOHcrume Konacno.HH o 3anpemeHHH 6aKTCpHOJIOf H'ieCKOl'O OpymHS! 3aKJIJ0'1CHHC CODeTCKO-aMepHK8HCKOf 0 ,11.0· rosopa 0 0 orpaHH"'CIUIJO npOTHBOpaKeTHOH o6opoHbi IJpHHSITHC 38KJIJ01 ntTeJibJIOf0 8KT8 ITO 6e30· rracnocTH n coTpy.a;nHqecTBY B E spon e Ilo,ll.micanHe )loroaopa OCB-2 H a'lano paaMew,enHSI coseTCKHX paKeT cp e,li.Heii ,a;aJibHOCTII s Eupoo e
  • 84. 3a,ll;anHe 5. HarrHmHTe, o KaKOM co6hl'l'HH HAeT peqb. HawH cOI03HHKH ycrrema o OTpa3HJIH aTaKy aMepHKaHCKOH aBHaii,:HH Ha MHPHhle ropoAa . B cyxonyTHhiX 6o.s:x IOJRHee 17-n napaJIJieJIH aMep:HK8HCKHe MOpCKHe nexOTHHIJ.hl IIOH eCJUf 3Ha'IHTeJihHhie noTepH. CoseTCK»e Boenabre coseTHHKH ue no- CTPaAaJiu. 3aKJIIO'IeHHe :noro AOPOBOpa .R:BJI.R:eTCJI OAHHM H3 nepBblX nmpoKoMacwTa6Hhix corJiameHHH MeJRAY CCCP 11 CiliA, IIOJIOJR:HBillHX HalJaJio n poii,eccy orpaHH'IeHHH caMoro MO~Horo H CMepTOHOCHOrO opyJRH.R: Ha 3eMJie. 0Ka38HHe opaTCKOH IIOMO~H COI03HOMy roCyAapCTBY IIO'!e- My-TO socrrpHRJITO H a 3arraAe KaK cTpeMJiea ne CCCP •sbiHTH K TeiiJib]M MOp.R:M•>, paCIDHpHTb ccpep y CBOero BJIHJIHH.R: B Aa.H:H. Mbi pemHTeJihHO OTBepr aeM IIOAOOHhle AOMbiCJibi. Ilp.HHHTHe 3TOrO AOKyMeHT a BCeMH eBpOoeHCKHMH rOCyAap· CTBaMH, CiliA H K auaAOH noJIOJRHJIO Ha'IaJio npH HII,HIIHaJibHO HOBOMY 3Taiiy esponeHCKOH .HCTOpHH. HecMoTp.s: Ha OJReCTOtJeHHoe conpoTHBJJenHe Ramnx APY3eH H COI03HHKOB, arpeccop BCero 38 meCTh AHeH CyMeJI OKKYIIH- pOBaTb 3HalJ:HTeJibHbi e TeppHTOpHH, RaHeCJI TpeM R8illHM COI03· HbiM rOCYA8PCTBaM 3H8'IHTeJibHbiH ypOH B OOeBOH TeXHHKe 83
  • 85. H JrH~II OM COCTflHC . B IWCTOHU~ee B()CM.fl npe)J.IIp HHUMHIO'l'CH Mep bl n o cpO'I H01Y oKa:JaHiuo rniipOI<O'VIaCmTa6Hoi1 uoMo~u H:J CCCP namnM COI03IIlfi<aM . PA3AEJ18. nEPECTPOHKA B CCCP (1985-1991) § 47. PEQ>OPMA nom1TH'4ECKOH CHCTEMbl: U.EilH, 3TAnbl, HTOrH 3aJJ.anue 1. ilpO<HI T8 M'l'e ,10KyMeH T bl li OTBeTbT e H a IIOCT3 BJi e HHble BOIIp OCbl . H 3 pettu M . C. rop6a'ieaa na flnenyMe I.J.K K flCC 11 htapm a 1985 z. C rparerl1"tecKaSI 11HHI-ISI, Bb1pa6oraHHaSI Ha XXVI Cbe3Ae, nocne- AYtoll.II-IX nneHy Max L.I,K npH AeSITellbHOM y-.ac THH tOp~-tSI BnaAI-IMH- poBH4a AHAponosa H KoHcraHTHHa YcT~-tHOBI14a LJepHeHKo, 6bma 11 OCTaeTCSI Hei13MeHHOH. 3TO 1111HHSI Ha ycKopeHHe COU,HanbH0- 3KO- HOMH"teCKOf O pa3BI1THSI CTpaHbl, Ha COBepweHCTBOBaH~-te BCeX CTO- poH >KH3HI1 o6w,ecrea . Pe-.b HAeT o npeo6pa3oeaHHH Marep~-tanb­ Ho-rexH~-t4ecKoi:1 6a3bl npOH3BOACTea. Pe -.b HAeT o coeepweHcr eo- eaHHH CI-ICTeMbl o6w,eCTBeHHbiX OTHOWeHHH, npe>KAe BCe r o 3KOHOMH"teCKI1X. PeYb 11AeT o pa3BI1THI1 caMoro -.enoeeKa, o Ka4e- creeHHOM yny"lweHHI1 Marep~o~anbHbi X ycnoe~o~i:1 ero >KI13HH 11 rpy Aa, ero AYXOBHoro o6n~o~Ka. H a aocnoMunanu ii M. C. Fop6a'ieBa <(J«u an b u pefj)opllt bl,>> Pe"tb wna He o peeontoU,HI1, a HMeHHO o coeepweHcreoeaHHH c~o~cTeMbl . Tor Aa Mbl eepHnH e TaKytO B03MO>KHOCTb. 1. ~CM 6 hi Jia B W3 B3 H 8 H e06XOJJ.H MOCTb MRCIIITa6IILIX npco6- p a30B8 HHH COBCTCKOr O 0 611eCT Ba B cep e)J.JUIC 80-x r l' . ? 2. ilO'IeMy H e )J,8Jlli p e3yJihT8TOB IIOIIWTKH n p e o6p a30 Ba- HHH, npe.u.npnHH Thi e 10. B. An.u.pono s bi M ? 84
  • 86. 3. KaKlte BhlBO,ll.bi 11 ypoKn 11:1 npcJ~IIICCTBOBasrnero onhlTa pcc}>OPMI1pOB8IllfSI COBCTCI<Oro o6~CCTBa 113.BJleK M . c. r op6a- '!eH c upu xo.u.oM K snacTu'? 4. I :aK Bbl MO:n<cTc o6·bnCHUTh TOT ljlaKT, 4TO nepBbi e na- tmnaruui HOBOI'O JIH,ll.epa nap T H H ll CTp8IIbl He Bbl XO,li.HJIH 38 paMKH 06llOBJieHHJI CHCTeMbt'l 3a~aune 2. DpwBeAHTe B cooTBeTCTBue .u.aHHhie 1'a6mi ~hr. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 )];aTa AnpeJJb 1985 r. 1988 r. 1988 r. 1989 r . 1990 r. 1991 r. MapT 1986 r. 1986 r. .ffnoaph 1987 r . Map-r 1985 r. Co6hiTHP l136paane M. c. rop6a4eBa feHepaJJb- Hbl;l1 ceKpeTapeM UK Knee Ilpns.HTue sosoii pc,naKUifli IIporpaM- Mbi KllCC Ocso6om,neHue npauo3atuuTmt KOB - A . .n.. Caxaposa !1 ,np. IlneayM l.J,K KllCC no KAAPOBOii no- JIIiTUKe Co3A8HHe nepsb!x OIIII03uuuoHHbtx Knee napTHH Ha4aJJo pea6umnau,m1 ,ncsne;1eii KllCC, penpeccHposaaawx n pH C-ra- Jnme XIX BcecoK>3HAH KOHc)>epeHUIUJ KTICC. Ha<taJtO HOMiTn4eCKoi1 pectJopML>I 0TMeHa CTUTL>ll 6 KoHCTIITY~Hii CCCP, n36paBlie llpeJU.D.CHTa CCCP llepsbre sceuaportllhlt' Rht6opw Ilpe3Jt· .D.eHTa PC<I>CP 06Hapo,noB8UliC M. c. rop6al.JeBbiM KOHUeiiUUJt •)-"Cl<OpCIIHST COUHilJihHO· 3KOHOMIPICCI<OrO p83811THS!t § 48. 3KOHOMH~ECKHE PEQ)OPMbi 198.S- 199f rr. 3a~aJme 1. Iloti HTaiiTe ,10KyMeHThl 11 OTBCThTe H8 ITOCT8BJleHHbl e son pOCbl. H 3 fJoKJtafJa M. C. r op 6a'l-e6a nanaeuyMe IJ,K K n e e 23 anpeltJf. 1985 z. r n aBHbiH aonpoc CeHYaC 8 TOM, KaK H 3a CYeT Yer o CTpaHa CMO>f<eT A06~1TbCSI ycKopeHHSI 3KOHOMI14eCKOr O pa3BI1TI1SI... 3aAa- 4a ycKop eHHSI TeMnoa pocTa, npHTOM cyw,ecTaeHHoro, anonHe Bbl- 85
  • 87. nonHHMa, ecnH 8 u,eHrp 8cei1 Hawei1 pa6oTbl nocraeHTb HHTeHCI-1- <fJ~-tKau,HtO 3KOHOMHKI1 H ycKopeHI-ie Hay•mo-rexHHYecKor o nporpec- ca, nepecrpo~-tTb ynpa8neH~-te 11 nnaH~-tpo8aH~-te, crpyKrypHyiO 11 HH- 8eCTI1U,I10HHYtO non11T11Ky, n08CeMeCTHO n08biCHTb opraHH308aH- HOCTb 1-1 A11CU,11ni111HY, KOpeHHbiM o6pa30M y n yYWI1Tb CTHilb AesnenbHOCTI1. H3 am,naaa M. C. Fop6a<te6a na llnenyMe qK KllCC 16 UIOH..R. 1986 Z. TeMnbt Hawero A811>t<eHI1st H ocaoeHI-1st H08biX MeTOAOB xo3sti1- CT808aHI1SI 8 HeManoi1 CTeneHI-1 3aTOpMa>t<l18atOTCSI rpOM03AKOCTbtO 11 He3<1JcpeKTI18HOCTbtO pa6oTbl annapara ynpa8neHI1SI... eyrb KopeHHOi1 nepecrpoi1KH ynpa8neHI1SI 3KOHOMHKoi1 c rpa- Hbl - nepeXOA OT npe11My w.eCT8eHHO aAMI1HHCTpaTI18HbiX K 3KOHO- MI14eCKI1M MeTOAaM pyKo80ACT8a Ha ecex ypoeHstx, K ynpaeneHI1tO HHTepecaMI1 11 Yepe3 HHTepeCbl, K WHpOKOH AeMOKpaTH3aU,HH y n- paaneHHSI, aceMepHoi1 aKTI-18113aU,H11 YenoeeYecKoro <fJaKropa. H3 nocmano6nenuH ll.nenyMa ll,K KllCC (oKmH6pb 1990 z.) U.K Knee B11AHT OCHOBHOH CMbiCil nepeXOAa K pb!HKY B TOM, YT06bt s paMKax cou,11ai1HCTH"lecKoro Bbt6opa npe>t<Ae scero ynyY- WHTb >t<I13Hb nteAeH, o6ecneYI1Tb nonHoe pacKpenow.eHHe 11x HHI1- u,HaTH8bl H Aei1080H aKTI1BHOCTI1, C03AaTb SICHble 11 HaAe>t<Hble CHt- MYilbl 11 MOTHBaU,HH BbiCOK03<1JcpeKTHBHOf O rpyAa ... nneHyM 8biCTynaeT 3a pa3H006pa3He <fJopM C06CTBeHHOCTH, MHOroyKnaAHYIO 3KOHOMHKY, <fJOpMHpOBaHHe pb1H04 HOH 11H<fJpa- crpyKrypb1. 1. B tteM Bbi BH,li;HTe Tpa.n;Hn;HOHaJIH3M rrepBbi X nonbiTOK yCKOpeHHSI COU,HaJihH0-3KOHOMJiqecKoro pa3BH.TH.JI CTpaHhi, rrpe.n;npnHJITblX B 1985 r.? IloqeMy HCJib3JI 6hiJIO o6ecrre~m:Th aa aTOM nyn1 peaJibHOro ycKopeHJut? 2. B tteM pyKoso.n;cTBO napTRR BR,ll,CJIO npR"tJ.H.Hhi OTCYTCT- BJHI nporpecca s pecpopMHposaHHH aKOHOMH.KH B 1987 r.? Ka- KHe IIYTH Bbi XO)I.a H3 CH.TyaO,Hll OHO rrpe,n;Jiai'aJlO? 3. qeM Bbl MO)KCTC 06'h.RCHH.Tb perueHHC BJiaCTCH 0 rrepe- xo.n;e 3KOHOMJiKH CTpaHbi K pbiHKy? qTO BaM H3BCCTHO 0 pa3- HOI'JiaCHHX no aToMy sonpocy B pyKoso.n;cTse napnui? 4. KaKytO u,eJJh rrpecJJe.n;osaJio pyKoso.n;cTBO KIICC, o6'hJIB- JIJIJI pe3yJJhTaTOM caoeii: :>KOHOMH.t.recKoi1 noJIHTHKH nepexo.n; K pbiHQqHbiM OTHOIDCHHJIM: CMCHY MO,li;CJIH 06IQCCTBCHHOI'O pa3BliTUJI, CHSITHC COD;HaJlhHOH HaiipJI»<CHHOCTH, B03HHKUICH H3-3a yxy,n;meiiHJI CllTyaU,HH Ha IIOTpe6HTCJihCKOM pbiHKC, HJIH '-l.'fO-TO fiHOe? 86
  • 88. 3a~aune 2. flpOaH8JUI311py:ihe npe)J.C'l'CHJJellllbll' ,li.811HbiC II OTBeThTe H8 sonpochr. Cpeoue.uec.R.'l.fta.R. Japa6omua.R. ll.ltama pa6o'l.ux u CJlY)I(OU{UX 6 CCCP: 1985 r.- 190 p. 1989 1'. 1987 r. - 202 p. 1990 r. 1988 r. - 220 p. 1991 r. 240 p. 270 p. 530 p. HeyooeJtemeopewtbtu cnpoc HaceJteHuR Ha moeapbt u yc.1yzu: 1990 r.- 165 MJIPA p. Ilpou.:Jeoocmoo OCIWBilbtX euooe !Wtl{eeoi.J npooy~eu,uu (B 'X, K n petJ.hi.Z.yw.eMy rot~.y) BHtJ.bi npo,ll.yKu,u ~1 1989 r. 1990 r. 1991 r . M.RCO 100,9 97,0 84,0 Kon6aChl 102,0 100,0 91,0 Pht6Ha.R uPOAYKUU.11 96,0 93,0 89,0 JKHHO'I'HOe MaCJJO 100,4 100,2 87,0 Cblpb! 101,0 98,0 8li,O Mo;roKo 103,0 100,1 89,0 M aprapwH 100,6 93,0 78,0 Caxap-11ecoK 107,0 91,0 87,0 Kpyna 96,0 93,0 KOHA ~tTepcKue JI3AeJIIUI 105,0 103,0 92,0 Co.1n 101,0 98,0 98,0 LaCTI1TeJJhHOe Macno 103,0 100,3 99,2 1. qeM Bhl MOme1·e 06'bSJCIIHTb pe3KOe yBeJIH':IeHH e C]>OH)J.8 3apaOOTIIOH IIJI8Tbl pa60':IHX 11 CJiy)f(8lll;lfX B 1985-1991 rr.? 2. KaKOBhi, Ha Barn B3rJIJIA, npH':IUHbi HeyKJJOHHoro CHH- meHHJI oo'beMOB npon3BO,li.CTBa samHeH:mnx rrpOtJ.YKTOB nHTa- HHH B 1989-1991 rr.? 3. ITo I<aKHM npiPHfHaM, c saweii To•mn 3peanH, Hey,li.OB- JJeTBOpeHHhiH cnpoc naceneHliJI Ha TOBapbi u ycnyrn tJ.OCTHr TaKOH 8CTpOHOMH'-IeCI<OH CYMMbi? 87
  • 89. 3a,~~;a&ue 3. YKamnTe, KTO R3 n epel:IRCJieHHhiX HRme ,ne.HTe Jie ii HBJIHeTcH aBTOpOM: a) KOHD;ellD,HH ~ YCKOpeHHSi >> COD,HaJibHO-;n<OHOMl.Pie CKOI'O pa3BHTH.H; 6) 'laCTH'IHOH 3KOHOMH'leCKOH p e $opMb1 1987 r.; a) npor paMMhi (< 500 ,nHeif•; r) (<J<OMrrpOMHCCHOH n porpaMMbl» (Ha OCJ-lOBe (< 500 )J.Heih R rrporpaMMhi rrpaBRTeJibCTBa) . A. r. AraH6erHH; M. c. ropoaqea; H. H. PhlmKOB; c. c. Illa- TaJIRH § 49. nomHHKA rllACHOCTH: AOCTH>t<EHHH H H3AEP>t<KH 3a,~~;aHHe 1. J.lpO,l{OJI)KRTe $pa3hl . 1. M c TO'IHHKOM acnJiecKa Ha:n,noHaJihHhiX npoTRBope'IHH ObiJIO 2. BTopa$1 BOJIHa • OTTeneJIR » B KYJihTypnoH: mH3HH OhiJia Bbl3BaHa 88
  • 90. 3. CJiomaocTH H npoTHBopeqHn a noJIHTHKe rJiacaocTH o6'b- SICHHIOTCSI 4. OcaoBHhiMH JI03yHraMn noJIHTHKH rJiaCHOCTH 6hlJIH 5. rJiaBHbiM pe3yJihTaTOM riOJIHTHKH I'JiaCHOCTH CTaJIO 6. Paa6JIOKupoBaHHe peruoHaJibHbiX KOHQ>JIHKTOB - 3TO 89
  • 91. 3aJJ;auue 2. 3aiiHW!ITC H3BCCTHblC BaM npOH3BCJJ;CHHR rrepHOJJ;a rre pe- CTpOHKH, C03JJ;aHllbiC B 06JI8CTH JIHTCpaTypbi. Ha3saRue npou3nc.neHJHI ABTOp ,lJ;aHTC OilpCJJ;CJICHHC nOUSITHRM. qeM OHH pa3JIHttaiOTCH Me:H<- AY co6oH.? rnaCHOCTb - Cso6o,Aa CJtosa - - - -- -- - - - -- - -- - - -- - - 90
  • 92. § SO. AHAllEKTHKA ~e HOBOrO MbiWJ1EHH51n 3aJJ.anne 1. IlpHBe)J,HTe B COOTBeTCTBHe )J,8HHhle T86JIHl).b1. N-2 ,[{aTa 1 Maii 1989 r . 2 l1IOBh 1990 r. 3 Anpenh 1991 r. 4 HHB8pb 1987 r. 5 .[(eKa6pb 1987 r. 6 CeHTH6pb 1990 r. 7 J1IOBb 1991 !'. 8 Mali 1988 r. 9 H on6pb 1990 r. 10 Hon6pb 1989 r. 3a,lJ,aHHe 2. Co6hlTHe Haqano ablao.o.a coaeTcKnx aoi1cK H3 MoHromnl Ilo.o.mtcaHue .o.oroaopa c CIIIA o JIUKBl1,1(81.1,lUI Sl,llepHbiX paKeT cpe.n.- HeH A8JlhHOCTH Ha'laJio Bb!BO,lla coaeTcKitx aoil:cK 11a AcprasucTana Ilep.Bb!H C 50·x rr. BH3HT COBeTCKO- ro JUi,llepa a KnTait •BapxaTHble peaomoi.J,mH a Boc- TO<JHOH Eapone Ilo.n.mtcasue c CITIA .L{oroaopa o Xl!Mll'~eCKOM paaopy»<eHJJJI H 38SlB- JieBHSl 0 COKpa~eRJHl CTpaTei'I>I'Iec- KliX BOOpy»<eHHH Ilpa aHBHne cTaTyca o&be.nnneHHOH fepMaHJm co cToposbl CCCP Ilo,~~;nucaHite a Ilapnme .L{oroaopa o coJ<pali.J,eHnn o6bl'lHb!X aoopyme- BHH a Eapone PocnycK Opramt38I.J,Im Bapmaacxo- ro )J.OI'OBOpa PocnycK CoaeTa aJ<oHOMH'leCKOi'f B38HMOIIOMOW.H 0TBeThTe llHCbMeHHO H8 BOllpOC. 0 K8KOM C06b!THH H)J,eT pe'lb B npnBO,IlfMOM TeKCTe? 4tllocne 6onee qeM s ocbMHJieTHero npe6biB8HJUl aa npe,IJ,ena- Ml1: pO,ll,HOH 3eMJIH COBeTCKHe BOHCK8 B03BP81D.8.TfHCh ,AOMOiL Ilo- jf(8JiyH, snepBble 38 )J,OJirlie I'O,IJ,bl CTp8H8 BCTpeqaJia HX, )J,eHCT- BHTeJibHhlX repoes, qeCTHO BblllOJIHllBlllJIX llpHK83 KOM8H)J,OB 8- HHSI, K8K-TO CTbi)J,JlHBO, 6e3 OC06hlX TeUJibiX CJIOB, 8 BCKOpe, K838JIOCh, II BOBCC 386biJ18 0 HHXt . 91
  • 93. 3a)l;anne 3. 0TBeTbTe DHCbMeHHO 88 BOITpOCbl. 1. qTO, Ha B3III B3rJI.R).I,, HBJIHJIOCh B3)KHeHUleH COCTaBJISUO- II.J,eH KOIII.J,eiii.VlH ~ HOBOrO ITOJIHTHt{CCKOrO MblliJJICDHSI•? 06'bSJC- HHTe, ITO'IeMy Bhl T8K cqHTaeTe. 2. qTO CT8JIO r JiaBHhiM HTOrOM peaJIH33IJ;HH •HOBOrO IIOJIHTM - qecKOrO Mbl lllJieHHSI•? 3a,I.~;aane 4. ITo rpynne npH3HaKos onpe,I.~;eJIHTe HBneu~re: a) npH3H3HJlC e,I.~;HHCTB8 npOTHBOpe'4HBOI' O MHpa; 6) npu3H8HHC HCB03M0)KH0CTH perneHHH DOJIHTHt{eCKI-iX BO- npOCOB C DOMOIIJ;hiO SI,n;epHOH BOHHbi ; B) HeB03M0)KHOCTb o6ecneqeHI-iH 6e30ll8CliOCTH BOellHhlMH cpe,ll;CTB3MH; r) HC,ll;eJJHMOC'l'b 6e30fi8CHOCTH; A) npu3H8Ime 3a Ka:>K)l;biM aapo,I.~;OM npasa ua sbl6op co6cT- serrnoro nynt: c oi.J,H3JihHOro pa3BHTHSJ; e) OTK83 OT rrepeuoca H,ll;eOJIOrHtieCKHX pa3IIOrJiaCHH B ccpepy Me:>Krocy,n;apCTDCHllbiX OTHOilleHHH; )K) llpeapaii.J,eHHe pa30pymeHHH B cp8KT0p pa3BHTHH. PA3AEn 9. POCCHSI B KOHU,E XX - HAlfAnE XXI a. §51. POCCHHCKASI 3KOHOMHKA HA nYTH I( PbiHKY 3a,ll,aane 1. ITo MaTepHaJiaM y<Ie6aHKa OTBeThTe nHChMenao aa sorrpoc. KaKOBhl 6bi JIH OCHOBHble nan pasneHHSI aKOHOMHtiecKoro pe- Q)OpMupoaan ~tSI, ocnosaHHhi e aa ITporpaMMe nepexo,11;a K pbiHKY (28 OKTSI6pS1 1991 r.)? 92
  • 94. 3a,D;anue 2. qTo B Poccu11 na~aJia 90-x rr. Ha3hiBamt: «lllOKono:H Tepa- nHeii•? a) IlporpaM MY npHB8TU38U,1111; 6) BeCh l<OMfiJieKC 3KOHOMH'leCKHX MeponpH.HTHH npaBH- TCJihCTBa EJihU,HHa - faiiAapa; B) OTllyCK U,eH Ha llPOAYKThi TIHT8HHJI H ).l.pyrue TOBaphi no- BCe,ll;HeBHOPO CIIpoca; r) H:pe,ZV i T hl 38 U8).l.HbJX U3HKOB; A) 3CMeJlhHY10 pecpopMy. 3a,!J;anue 3. 0 TMeThTe Henpa.BHJlbHbJM OTBeT. IIpH~HHaMH ~HHaHco.soro Kpu3HCa 1998 r. 6hiJIH: a) IIOCTOSI!IIIIO paCTYII..I,11M BHyTpeHHHH AOJir CTpaHhl; 6) OPpOMHbl e BHelllHHe 38H!MCTBOBaHH.R:; a) OTCY 'fC1'BHe n03HTHBnwx c.u;sHro a s pa3BHTHH peaJibnoro CeKTOpa 3l<OH OMHKH; r) HaCJie,!l;He COBeTCKOH 3KOHOMHYeCKOH CHCTeMhi; A ) HeiipO,!J;yMaiiHOCTb ).l.eHCTBHH npaBHTeJibCTBa; e) o6Il.l,ee yxy ).l.weHHe CHTyan;HH aa MHposhrx cpHnancoswx pbiUK 8X . 3a)J;anue 4. 3anoJIHHTe Ta6JIHI~Y. 93
  • 95. lfmozu 3KOH.OMU~J.eclwzo pa3eumu.R cmpanbt e 90-e zz. TioaHTHBHble HaMeHeHHR: HeraTHBHhle HBn eHHH 3a,ll;aHHe 5. Ilp08H8JIH3HpyHTe CXeMbl H OTBeTbTe Ha BOIIpOCbl. IIJLan npueamu3aquu H.a 1992 z. Paarocy,ll;apcTaneHHe rocy,ll;apCTBeHHblX npe,ll;DpHJITHH B npOMblUIJieHHOCTH 1. qTO T8KOe npHB8TH38IJ.HSI? Paarocy,ll;apcTBJieHHe npe,ll;npH JITHH TOprOBJIH H ccpepbl ycn yr 2. IlpOBO,ll;HJI8Cb JIH IIOJIHTHKa npHB8TH 38IJ.HH npH M. c. rop- 6aqese? 3. IloqeMy TeMIIhl npHB8'l'H38IJ.HH TOpPOBJIH H ccpepbl ycnyr 6biJIH 6onee BhlCOKHMH, qeM B npOMhlUIJJeHHOCTH? 94
  • 96. 4. qTO Bbl MO>KeTe CK838Tb 0 npHB8TH38D;HH B c<t>epe ceJib- CKOI'O xo3sdicTBa? flo.D,nemana JIH 3eMJIJ'I Kynne-npo.D,ame? Iloqe- MY 3TOT Bonpoc 6bi JI caMbi M 6one3BeHHbiM H Bh13blBaJI HaH60Jib- mHe )J,HCKyCCHH? § 52. non~T~I.fECKASI )f(~3Hb: POCC~SI HA nYT~ K AEMOKPAT~'fECKOMY 061.1.ECTBY ~ nPABOBOMY fOCYAAPCTBY 3a,IJ;auHe 1. Ha ocHoBe J1.8HHblX y~Ie6HHKa H MaTepHaJioB KoHCTHTYD;HH CCCP 1977 r. H KoHCTHTY~HH P<l> 1993 r. 3aiiOJIHHTe Ta6mw,y. CncTeMa nnaCTH CoBeTOB IloJntTI14ecKaa CHCTeMa PoccHH 3a,IJ;aHHe 2. Bw.D,eJIHTe npaBHJibHble OTBeTbl B n p e,D,JIOmennhrx BapHaHTax. 1. rocy)J;apCTBeHHbiH cyBepeHHTeT PocCHH 6b! JI npoBo3- I'JI8WeH: a) 7 Hosr6psr 1917 r .; 6) 5 .D,eKa6psr 1936 r.; 95
  • 97. B) 7 OKT.R6p.R 1977 r.; r) 12HIOII.R 1990r.; .A) 12 HIOH.R 1991 r. 2 . .D:eiicTBYIO~a.R KoHCTHTYIV1H PoccHH 6hiJia npHHHTa: a) 25Ma.R 1990r.; 6) 12 ~e.Ka6pH 1993 r.; B) 12UIOH.R1990r.; r) 12 HIOH.R 1991 r.; ~) 4 OKT.R6p.R 1993 r. 3. Ilpeau:~eHT PocCHH, no KoHCTHTYIVIH, HBJIHeTc.R: a) fJiaBOH HCllOJIHHTeJibHOH BJI8CTH; 6) fJiaBoii rocy~apcTsa; B) pyKOBO~HTeJJeM <l>e,AepaJibHOrO C06paHHH; r) fJJaBoH IIpaBHTeJihCTBa. 4. IIapJiaMeHTOM PoccHH HBJIHeTcH: a) Ka6HHeT MHnncTpoB; 6) focy,AapCTBeHH8SI ,AyMa; B) CoseT <t>e,Aeparvm; r) <l>eAepaJibHOe co6panHe; A) KoncTHTy~wonnhlii cy~. 5. rocyA8PCTBCHHyiO BJI8CTb 8 PoCCHI1 ocyrn,eCTBJISIIOT: a) Ilpe3HAeHT; 6) <l>eAepaJibnoe co6paHHe; B) CYAhi; r) IlpasnTeJihCTBO; A) cy6'be.KTbr <lleAepa~nH. 6. Ilpe3HACHT PoccHH H36HpaeTC.H OAHH paa: a) a 7 JieT; 6) B 5 JICT; B) B 4 ro,Aa; r) B 3 ro,Aa. 3a,ll;anHe 3. 3anOJJHHTe T86m1.~y. Hmozu noJZumuttecKozo pa3aumu11 Poccuu 6 90·e zz. ll03HTHBHble lleraTHBH&Ie 96
  • 98. IIpoiJo.11:Neenue fl03HTHBHbie HeraTHBRbie 3aAaHHe 4. )l;a:iiTe xapaKTepHCTHKY HCTOpHqeCKOrO ,D;eJITeJUI TIO !POTO. <1>8MHJIHSI, HMSI, OT'IeCTBO 97
  • 99. 06pa30B8HHe t..IepTbi xapaKTepa OcHOBHhle sexH nonHTIJ<IecKoii 6HorpacpHH B awa ou,enKa ero ~e.HTenbHOCTH § 53. AYXOBHASI >t<H3Hb POCCHH 3aAanue 1. 3anOJIHI1.Te Ta6JIJ'IU,Y. PoccuucKaJt JLumepamypa 90-x zz. HoBble S!BJteH HSI JlyqmHe npOH3Be,AeBIUI HoBbie asTOpbl 98
  • 100. 3aAauHe 2. 3aKOH4.H1'e npe,li,JIOJKeHHJI. HaH6oJiee xapaKTepuo:H 'IepToii a pa3BHTHI1. oTeY.eCTaeuuoro KHHeMaTorpa¢a B 9 0 - e rr. 6hlJIO - - - - - - - - -- -- -- BMecTo MeTOAa cou.HaJIHCTHl.lecKoro peaJIH3Ma 60JJhiDHHCTBO pemHCCepOB rrpe,li,IIO'IHT8JIH C03,l{a:B8Th CBOH llpOH3Be,ll,eHHH B Tpa- ,li,H~HH _________________________ CJie,n;c'rBHeM sToro 6hiJIO - - - - - - - - - - - -- -- - - Jly'!IIJHM KHIIOllpOH3Be,ll,eHHeM 90-x r r . C'IHT8l0 - - - - - - T8KK8K - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Mo:H mo6HMhiM KHHopeJKHccep - - - - - - - - - - - - - Mo:H mo6HMhiM aKTep (aKTpHca) - - - - - - - - - - - - 3anOJIHHTe T86JIHU.Y. My.JbtKaJLbltaR KYJLbmypa Poccuu 6 90-e zz. XX 6. H au6oJiee aua'IHTeJibHbJe naneHH.!I B MY3biK8JlhHOH KYJibType KoMno3nTOPhi )J;HpR:>Kepbl OnepHbJe neau,bi 9 9
  • 101. IIpoao.'I.Ke~tue HaH6once 3 H8lfHTCJJbHbie jii:IJI CHHfl B MY3bJK8JibHOM KYJlbType MacTepa 6ancTa PoK-HCDOJJHUTeJIH Jly'iwHe MY3bJK8JibHhie H OCTBHOBKH 3a.D:auHe 4. 3arrOJIHHTe nporrycKH H OO'hSICHHTe. Jlyqmeif TeaTp8JibHOH IIOCTaHOBI<OH 90-x IT. Sl Cl.JHT810 HaH6onee aamHhiM SIBJiemieM a TeaTpaJihHOH mH3HH cTpaHbi a 90-err. cTano ------------------------------------------- Ha MOH B31'JISI.n;, JI~lllHM TeaTpaJihHhiM pe:m11ccepoM a 90-e n . 6bt11 ------------------------------------------------------ H aH60Jiee TanaHTJIHBbiMH TeaTpanbHhiMH ai<TepaMH B 90-e rl'. CTaJIH ------------------------------------------------------ 100
  • 102. 3aAanne 5. 3anOJI H HTC Ta6JJ HU.Y. Ome'lecmeenH.oe u.Jo6pa.JumeJlbH.Oe ucKyccmeo 8 90-e zz_ llau60JICC B8>KHhlC HB.'ICHHH li rrpo- n.eccbi K pynHeiim ne xy.nomec·r ueHHhte Bbl - CT8BK~1 HoBhie xy.n,omecTBCII HbJe r aJiepeH K p ynHei'swJse XYIIOmHt1KH, CKyn bn- TOphi JlytJWHC 1IpoH3Be,llCEB IH 3aAaHne 6. PacKpo:WTe co.D.epmauHe nepeMen, npoHciiie.D.WHX s 90-e rr.: B p83BH THH 38K OIIO.lJ.8TCJihCTB8 0 cpe.lJ.CTBaX M8CCOBOH H H <lJop- Ma~HH ----------------------------------------------------- 8 pa3BHTHH TeJJeBH.D.eHHR ------------------------------- B pa3BJfTHH p8AU OBCII.l;8HHR ----------------------------- 101
  • 103. B H3AaHHH ra3eT H mypHaJIOB - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3a~aRHe 7. 3anOJIHHTe T86JIHIJ,Y. TpaiJuu,uonnbte peJLuzuu u KontjJeccuu 8 Poccuu 90-x zz. XX 6. ilOJHTKBHbie oepeM8Bbi Tpy,li.HOCTH H npo6neMbi §54. CTPOHTEilbCTBO 06HOBI1EHHOH (!)EAEPAU.HH 3a~aHHe 1. 3anOJIHHTe Ta6JIHIJ,y. IlpeiJnocbtJLKu o6ocmpenu.R. nau,uonaJLbltOZO 6onpoca 6 Poccuu e na'laJLe 90-x zz. 06'b8KTHBHbi e npe,IJ.OOCbiJIKK Cy6'beKTHBHhie npe,n;oocbJJIKK 102
  • 104. lJpoiJOJIJI(PilUP 06'beKTHBBbi e IIpe~IIOCblJIKH Cy6'M K THBHhle upe~noChiJIKH 38A8BHe 2. B bi'!epKHHTe JIHmu ee. <1>eoepamuenbLU oozoeop 1992 z. npoeo.JzJZawaJZ: a) rrp e.n;ocTaaJieHHe ua:u;l1oHaJibHhiM paii:oHaM cTpaHbl 6oJiee lliHpOKHX IIOJIHOMO'!HH; 6) rrepepacnpe~eJieHHe r ocy.n;apCTBeHHOR C06CTBeHHOCTH H BJI8CTH B cy6'heKT8X <l>e~epaiJ,HH ; a) rrpaBo cy6'heKTOB <l>e~epa:u;HH ycTauasJmBaTh ~HrrJioMaTH­ qecKHe OTHOllieHHSI C~pyrHMH CTp8H8MR; r ) Pocc~;no KaK <t>e~epa:u;11ro u eaaBHCHMblx ua:u;uouaJihHhi X ro- cy.n;apcTB; .n.) B aTHX rocy~apcTsax rrpeHMy~ecTseiinhle rrpaaa uapo.n;a ~8HHOrO r ocy.n;apCTBa Ha 3eMJilO, He~pa, rrpOH3BO~CTBeHHble MO~HOCTH; e) rrpe.n;ocTaBJieHHe cTaTyca Focy~apcTaeuuoro SI3bi Ka po~­ HbiM Sl3biK8M H8IJ,HOH8JihHbiX pecny6JIHK; m ) C03,lJ.8HHe B cy6'heKT8X <l>ep.epaiJ,HH H8IJ,H0118JihHbiX BO- opymeHBhiX <t>opMHpOB8HHH. 3a.n;auue 3. IIpo"tiHTa:ii:Te ~oKyMeHT H OTBeThTe ua aonpocbl . H3 Koncmumy~uu Poccuiic1wri C/Jeoepa~uu C ra TbSIS 1. PoCCHMCKaSI <PeAepaU.HSI COCTOHT 113 pecny6n11K, Kpaes, o 6- nacreH, ropOAOB cpeAep anbHOrO 3HaYeH11Sl, aBTOHOMHOM o 6naCTH, aer oHOMHbtX OKpyr os - pasHonp aBHbiX cy6beKros PoccHHCKOM <PeAepau.1111. <...> 103
  • 105. 3. ct:>eAepan 1aHoe yCTpoi:iCTao Pocc11i1cKoi:i ct:>eAepau,1111 ocHo- aaHo Ha ee fOCyAapCTBeHHOi:f U,eJ10CTHOCTI1, eA11HCTBe CI1CTeMbl r o- CyAapCTBeHHOH snaCTI1, pa3rpaHI14eHI111 npeAMeTOB BeAeHI1SI 11 J10 J1- HOM0411i:1 Me>+<AY o p r aHaMI1 r o c yAapcrseHHOH anacr11 Pocc11ik Koi:i ct:>eAepau,1111 11 opraHaMH rocyAap craeHHoi:t anacr11 cy6b eKro s Poc- CI1HCKoi1 Cl:>eAepaU,I1111 paBHOnpaBI111 11 CaMOOnpeAeneHI111 HapOAOB a PoccHi:icKoi1 ct:>eAe pau,1111. 4. Bo s3aHMOOTHow e HI1SIX c ¢ e Aep anbHbiMH o praHaMH rocy- AapcrseHHOH snacr11 see cy6beKTbl Pocc11i1cKoi:t Cl:>eAepau,1111 M e >K- AY co6 oi1 pasHonpasHbl . 1. ITpo"l!HTaihe rroJiomeHIUI cTaTbH 5 KoacTHTYII;HH Pet> H <l>e)J;epa·rHBHhlH AOroaop. KaKHe rrpoTHsope'IJHI s HHX Bbr aa- MeTHJIH? 2. KaKOH H3 ynoMHHYThi X AOKyMeHTOB HMeeT rrpHopHTeT? 3aJJ,aHHe 4. fipO'IHT8HTe TeKCT oaparpacpa H OTBeThTe Ha BOIIpOChl. 1. B <JeM Bbi BHAHTe rJiasayro npH"l!HHY aemeJiaHH.H TaTap- cTaaa IIO)J;riHCbiB3Tb <l>eA_epaTHBHhlH )J;OrOBOp B 1992 f'.? 2. qTO o6UJ,ero H B 'IeM pa3HHn;a s rroaHD;HH TaTapcTaaa a qe'IHH B perneHHH sonpoca p83AeJieHH.H IIOJIBOMOlJRH C <}>eAe- paJI.bHhiM IJ;eHTpOM? 3. Ha KaKHX ycnoBHHX TaTapcTaH corJiaCHJICH no)J;na caTh COrJiaiiieHae 0 pa3)J;eJieHHH IIOJIHOMO'IHH CIJ;eHTpOM? 3aJJ,aHHe 5. 3aiiOJIHHTeTa6JIHJJ;y. Pe.JyJLbmambt {jJeoepamu8H.ozo cmp ou me.ll.bCm8a 8 Poccuu 8 90-e zz. IlOJHTHBHhie pe3yJihT8Thl HeraTHBHhie uocne)J;CTBI<UI 104
  • 106. 3a.D:aune 1. §55. fEOnOm1TW·4ECKOE nonO>t<EHHE J.1 BHEWHSUI nonHH1KA POCCHH 3 anoJJ nMTe Ta6.1M~y. CCCP CHf 8 1991 r . cur 8 1996 r. PoccuR "YKp8HH8 BeJIOpyccHa KaaaxcTaH Ya6eJHICTaH f py3l!K ApMCHIUI Aaep6a!i,n)KaH Mon,naann TypKMeHHCTaH Ta,nm11KHCTaB Rnprua~t.R JlaTB~UI JlnTB8 3CTOD111l 3a.D:a nne 2. 0 TMeTbTe Meponp n.Rni.R, npoae,~~;eHHhre: a) M. C. fop6aqeabrM; 6) B. H. EJibqlfHhiM. 1. )l.orosopeHHOCTh 0 BhiBO,II;e COBCTCKHX BOHCK H3 fepM8HHH. 2 . IToAnHcanHe )l.orosopa OCH B-2. 3 . IToAnHcanMe )l.oroaopa OCHB- 1 . 4. IlOADHC8HHe ,!J;orosopa 0 JIHKBII,ll;81J;JHf paKeT CpC,ll;HeH ,ZJ;aJihHOCTH. 5. ITpHcoe~HHCHHe K ,Il;orosopy o aanpe~eHiut XIIMHqecKoro opym.H.R. 6. CorJJ8CHe Ha 06'be,ll;HHeHHe r epMaHHH. 7. flpOB03I'JI8UlCHHe OKOHtlaHU.H •XOJIO,ll;BO}i BOHHhl• . 8. ITpHaHaHHe ueaaBHCHMOCTH Jln TBhi, JlaTBHH, 8cTOHUI1. 9. BoccTaiiOBJieoHe .D:HDJJOMaTwiecRI1X OTBorneHI1H c Taiisa· HeM, H apanJleM, IOAP, IOmHo:H K opeeii. 10. HopMaJJH38~H.R OTHOmeHHH c KnTaeM. 1 1 . BbiBO.D: soiicK M3 A <PrauMcTaHa. 1 2. Bhlso,n; BOHCK J.i3 M ooraJJHH. 1 3. IIo,n;nHcaoHe corJiameHHSI o aoccTanos.tieHIHi MHpa ua B JIM)l<HeM BocToKe. 14 . CarJlamea11e o6 orpaHHt.JeBmf o6hl'IHhi X aoopym en11:i1: a Espone. 105
  • 107. 3a,!laHne 3. flepe'!IICJ111Te OCHOBIIhlC MCpOll pJUITUR, npoBe,!J,eHHbiC pyKo- BO,!J,CTB0:1Poccuu ~Jist ynpo4eHua OTnorneunii c 3ana.u.oM. K aKI1.e II::l Hl1X BW Cl!HT<lCTC' Hcllf60.Ilee <Hl><l>eKTUBllbl MH? 3a)l.auue 4. 3anO.'lHHe Ta6Jntr~y ~1 DHCbMeHIIO OTMCTbTe 06U~ee 11 OC06eu- H0e a AesiTe.'lbHOC'I'U Tpex MauncTpoa HHOCTpaHHbJX .u.en PoccHH B 90-e rr. BHeWH.R.R no.1umwca Poccuu o 90 e zz. XX e. A. B. KoJt.lpea E. AI. IlpU.ltaKOR 11. c. H80H()8 - - - '- 106
  • 108. flpoiJOJIJI(ef lUI' -~ A. B. KoJbtpee E. M. npu.41UK0fl If. C. Heauoe - 3a,ZJ;aune 5. Ou.eHHTe HTOrn H pe3yJJhT8Th1 BHewueii noJJHTHIUI cTpaHbi B 90-e fT. flo3UTHBHhle peaynhTRThl HeraTuanwe peay.'lhTRThl 107
  • 109. §56. POCCHSI HA nOPOrE XXI a. 3a)l;aHne 1. B qeM BW BHAHTe 06~eKTHBHym He06XOAHMOCTh KoppCK- THpOBIUl BHyTpeHHeH H BHE'IUHeM IIOJJWrnKM POCCHI1 B KOIHl,e 90-x rr.? ITo KaKHM HanpasJieHHSIM oaa AOJIJ:KHa 6biJia, aa sam B3rJISIA, npOH30HTH? ------------------------------------------ ---------- 3aAanu e 2. 3anOJIIIHTe Ta6JIHU.Y. YKpPn.rrenue poccuilcKoit zocyaapcm6ennocmu OeHOBHhH' MeponpnHTUH IIepBbie pe3yJibTBThl 108
  • 110. II poiJo.~.ll(f'/1111' OcuoBAbH' McponplUITIHI - 3anaune 3. B 2001 r. 6b1Jt a npuHflTa nosaR rocy~apcTneHHaH cnMBOJJH[{a P occnu. B Ta6.rw ue OTMeTbTC, KaKu e JJieMeHTbl noBoii cJn1BOJHf· Kn B3RThi n3 ncTopu u XX s., yTOtiHnB ncpno,11, porcniicKoii ncTo· plil.J. lJ:eM 6bJJIO Bhl3B8HO llpHH fl'fHC UMeH HO T8KOii CllMBO:H1Kl!? Jl.opcuomon.uouJibiH CoseTcimii ilOCTCO RE'TCKllii 109
  • 111. 3a,~.~;anHe 4. 3allOJIHHTe Ta6m::n.J,y. oiCOHO.Atu'leciWR noJtumUica P occuu 6 nattaJLe XXI a. Ocsooshle OcHOBHble IlepBwe wroru H8DpaBJieHUSI MeponplHITH.H 3a,~.~;aHDe 5. 0TMeThTe o6'beKTHBHbJe a cy6'heKTHBHhre rrp li'UI HhJ ycnJie- HHR 6oph6hi c Mem,D,yHapo,l(H hlM Teppopn3MOM B Ha'IaJie XXI B . - 06'beKTliBHhie Cy6'beKTHBHble -- 110
  • 112. 11poiJo.uceHue 3 a.ll,aane 6. Ilpo•nuaihe TeKCT ytJe6naKa. KaKne OCHOBnwe HanpasJie- HaJI BKJIIoqaeT B ce6SI HOB8SI BHeDJHeTIOJIUTHqecKaSJ .li,OKTPHH8 PoccHu? 111
  • 113. )J:anJtJJOB AJJeKcaH,n;p AnaTOJiheBH1.J KocyJJJma JliO.n;MHJia reHH8,D;beBH8 HcTopH» PoccHH XX - na1.JaJJo XXI aeKa Pa6oqa11 TeTpaJJ.h 9 tw acc ,l(JIH)"'alU,JtXCH o6~eo6paaooaTC.'Ibnhlx yqpem,lleou:H B ,11. a y x qa c Tnx 3as. pe.o.aKo.ueii .Tl. A. Cox:o.tooa PC.IBKTOp H. A. Azallbeoa Xy.o.omE'CTBI'IIHbli1 pe,ABI<TOfl T. r. Hux:y.lllHU PeJJi8t<Top K8PT P. C. A.wJ6aeoa TexHu'leCKirH pPJJillt<TOp H. ll. BaNanooa KOJ>peKTop H. B. OKy11eoa HaJiorosa.R .nrora - 06JilE'flOCCJH1cKuii KJiaccnqmKaTop upo.o.yKQHH OK 005·93- 953000. HaJt..1nQ. Cepmt UA N? 05824 OT 12.09.0J. llo.o.mfC8BO a ne'I8Tb 17.06. 10 0 <l>opMaT 60 <901 tn· ByMara OcPCCTHB.R 0 r ap miTypa W KOJihHB11. fic•IBTb o!l>ceTuan. Y'I.·H3J. n. :1,54. ,[(on. T~ip8m 20 000 :>Ka. 381<83 M 30353. 0TKphiTOe 8KUHOHCpiiOC OOLL~eCTBO • 11a,A8TCJlltCTBO • ITpOCBeJilelnlCt. 127521 , MocKoa, 3·ii npoea11 Maphnnoil POUl1, 41. OTnP'IaTano n OAO •Cap8TOBCKnil nomtrpalj>KOM6nn8Tt. 410004, r. CapllTOR, yn. ~IepHblWC'DCKoro, 59. www.sarpk.ru
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