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  • 1. A.A.AaHMnOB n. r. KocynMHa
  • 2. A. A. AaH~JlOB Jl. r. Kocyll~Ha HCfOPIDI POCCHH 8 KJ13CC noco6111e Afl51 yYal1.4111XC51 o6l1.4eo6pa3osaTellbHbiX yype>K,D,eHII1C1 B 2 YaCT5lx "4aCTb 2 12-P u3iJanue MOCKBa «npocse~eHI1e» 2012 XIX seK
  • 3. Y)J;K 373.167.1:94(47) BBK 63.3(2)5SI72 ,l1;18 ,ll;aHHJIOB A.neKcaH.n;p AHaTOJiheBlfl-I KocyJIHHa JliO,ll;MHJia reHHa,D;heBHa HCTOPHH POCCHH. XIX BEK 8 KJiacc IIoco6ne ,n;JIH yqaru;nxcH o6ru;eo6paaosaTeJibHbiX yqpem,n;eHHH B 2 qacTHX qaCTb 2 3as. pe,D;aKn;HeH JJ. A C01co.noea Pe,~~;aKTOP A. lP. H eanoea Xy,~~;omecTBeHHLIH pe,D;aKTop C. H. Bo.no6o.noe Pe,~~;aKTOP KapT H. B. 3a6o;wmnaR. T exHH"'eCKOe pe,D;8KTHPOBaHHe H KOMObiOTepH8H sepCTK8 T. E. XomJOH. KoppeKTOp 0. B. Kpynen~eo HanorosaSI JILroTa - 06~epoccHHCKHH KJI8CCH<l>HKaTop npo,~~;yxu,HH OK 005-93-953000. Ha,~~;. JIHI.J,. CepHSI H.ll; N2 05824 OT 12.09.01. 11o,~~;nHCaHo s ne•t8Th 13.09.2011. ct>opMaT 60X901 / 16. B yMara o<t>ceTBaSI. rapHHTypa SchoolBookC. 11e'laTb o<t>ceTH8SI. Y'I. -H3,D;. JI. 2,17. THpam 50 000 3K3. 3aKaa M 29823 us-~. 0TKpbi TOe 8Kl.I,ROHepHOe o6~eCTBO «If3,D;8TeJibCTBO •J1pocsem;eHRe•. 127521, MocKsa, 3-B: npoea,~~; MapLHHOH pom;H, 41. 0TKpbiTOe 8KD;HOHepaoe o6~ecTBO •CMOJieHCKHH DOJIHrpa<l>H'IeCKHH KOM6R· HaT•. 214020, r. CMoneacK, yn. CMOJihSIHHHOBa, 1. ISBN 978-5-09-026561-4(2) ISBN 978-5-09-026560-7(06~.) © Ha,~~;aTeJI.LCTBO • llpocsem;eHHe•, 2007 © Xy,~~;omecTseaHoe o<t>opMJieHHe. Ha,~~;aTeJihCTBO • llpocsem;eHHe•, 2007 Bee npasa aam;H~eHLI
  • 4. § 19. HAKAHYHE OTMEHbl KPETIOCTHOrO TIPABA 3aAaHHe 1 }'CTaHOBRTe IIpl11!11HHO-CJie,D;CTBeHHbie CB.H311, rrpoBe,D;.H JIRHRR. KperrocTaaa aasHCHMOCTb KpeCTbHB OT UOMe~HKOB HaeMHbiH Tpy.n; He MOr UOJI)T'IHTb UIHpOKOrO pacnpocTpaaeaHa TopM03 B paaBHTHH KaiiHTaJIHCTHqeCKOH npOMbiUIJieBBOCTH 3aAaHHe 2 CJia6oe paaBHTHe KaUHTaJIHCTHqeCKHX OTBOUieBHH B .n;epeBBe HeB03MO>KBOCTb llO,li;BHTb npOH3BO,li;HTeJibBOCTb Tpy.n;a B CeJibCKOM X03HHCTBe H H3Kaa noKynaTeJibHaa cnoco6aocTb aaceJieBHH Y3KHH BBYTpeBBHH PbiBOK 3anOJIHRTe JIOrRl!eCKyiO u;enOllKY. A. IIopameHRe PoccRR B KphiMCKOH aoH:He. B. TexHRK0- 3KOHOMRllecKa.a OTCTaJIOCTh PoccRR. B. Yrpo3a rroTep.HTh cTa- Tyc BeJil•IKOH .n;epmaBhl. r. KpenoCTHOe npaao. ,n;. 0TMeHa KpenocTHoro npaaa. 3aAaHHe 3 KaKoe o6cTO.HTeJibCTBO cTaJio pemaro~eH: npRl!HHOH, no- 6y.n;HameH: AJieKcaH.n;pa II npoaecTH a 1861 r . KpecTh.HHCKYIO pe<PopMy: 1* a) nopamea11e a KpbiMCKOH aoH:He; 6) Tpe6oBaHRe ,ll;BOp.HHCTBa OCB060,D;l1Tb KpeCTb.HH; B) UllipOKHH pa3Max KpeCTb.HHCKHX BOCCTaHHH? 3
  • 5. 3aJJ;aHHe 4 3anoJIHHTe cxeMy Xy,ll;omecTBeHHhle npmmBe,ll;eHHSI, o6JIH'lalO~He KpenOCTHOe npaBO I 3aAaHHe 5 IlpO,li;OJI»<HTe TeKCT. T aHHbie o6~ecTBa, opraHH3ai.J,HH, BbiCTynaBWHe 3a OTMeHy KpenOCTHOI'O npaua I 3aKOHbi, DO)J;Ta'lHBaiO~He YCTOH KpeUOCTHOI'O npaua I HoBI.mua BuyTpeuueH: rroJIHTHKH B nepBhle ro,ll;hi u;apcTBO- BaHR.H AJieKCaH,ll;pa II Bblpa)KaJiaCh B CHSITHH MHO»<eCTBa aa- rrpeTOB: 4
  • 6. § 20. KPECTb.HHCKA.H PE<l»OPMA 1861 r. 3a,z~.aaue 1 Ha.Mepeana A.rreKcaa.D;pa II OTMeHHTb KperrocTaoe rrpaBo IIO,ll;,ll;epma.rra He3Ha~HTeJibHaa qaCTb IIOMeiD;HKOB, X03$lHCTBa KOTOPbiX 6hlJIH BTHHYTbi B phlaoqabie OTHomeaHa. B 1855- 1857 rr. OHH BbiCTYIIHJIH C IlpOeKT8.MH OTMeHhl KperrOCTHOrO rrpaBa, B KOTOpbiX npe,ll;yCMaTpHBaJIHCb pa3JIH~Hbie yCJIOBH$1 OCB060m,ll;eHH$l KpeCTb$lH. llpoqHTaHTe KpaTKOe H3JIOmeHHe Tpex TaKHX IlpOeKTOB H OIIpe.D;eJIHTe, KaKHe H3 HHX OTpama- JIH HHTepeCbi: a) IIOMeiD;HKOB ~epH03eMHOH IIOJIOCbi, r.D;e rrpeo6Jia.D;a.JIO 6apm;HHHOe X03$IHCTBO, paCC~HTaHHOe Ha pbiHOK, H r.D;e 3eM- JI$l OC06eHHO BbiCOKO IJ;eHHJiaCb 6) IIOMeiiJ;HKOB He~epH03eMHbiX ry6epHHH, r.D;e rrpeo6Jia.D;aJI o6pOK H 6biJIH pa3BHTbi He3eMJie,ll;eJib~eCKHe KpeCTb$lHCKHe rrpOMbiCJibi B) IIOMeii1;HKOB CTeiiHOH IIOJIOCbi, CJia6o 3aCeJieHHOH, C rrpe- 1. A. M. YHKOBCKHH rrpe.n;naraJI ocBo6o.D;HTb KpeCTb$lH c 3eMJieH 6e3 KaKOrO 6hl TO HH 6biJIO • nepeXO,li;HOrO COCT0$1- HH$1», T. e . cpa3y, HO C B03Harpam,ll;eHHeM IIOMeii1;HKOB KaK 3a 3eMJIIO, rrpe,li;OCTaBJIHeMyiO KpeCTb$lH8.M, TaK H •aa CaMHX OCB060m.D;aeMbiX KpeCTb$IH». 2. IO. <I>. CaMapHH npe.n;ycMoTpeJI nocTerreHHbiH 10- 12-JieTHHH rrepeBO,ll; KpeCTb$lH 113 KperrOCTHOrO B CB060.D;HOe COCTO$lHHe. B Te~eHHe 3TOrO BpeMeHH KpeCTbHHe ,li;OJI)KHbi 6hl- JIH OTpa6aTbiBaTb o6a3aTeJibHYIO 6apii1;HHY B Ka~eCTBe IIJiaTbi aa npe.n;ocTaBJieaayro HM aeMJIIO. 3. M. n. TioaeH rrpe.D;Jiara.rr JlbBHHYIO ,li;OJIIO 3eMJIH OCTa- BHTb 3a IIOMeii1;HK8.MH, a KpeCTb$lH Ha,ll;eJIHTb MHHHMa.JlbHbiM ee KOJIH~eCTBOM H TOJibKO ,li;JI$1 TOrO, ~T06bl KpeCTbHHe He pH- HYJIHCb B ropO,lJ;, a OCTaJIHCb B .n;epeBHe, TaK KaK IIOMeii1;HKaM Tpe6oBa.rrHcb pa6o~He PYKH. 3aAaHHe 2 ,[(aHTe IIHCbMeHHble OTBeTbi Ha BOIIpOCbi. 1. llo~eMy 6biJIO IlpHH$lTO pemeHHe 06 OCB060m,ll;eHHH KpeCTb$lH C 3eMJieH? 5
  • 7. 2. IlO"<IeMy 6biJIO npHHHTO pemeHHe OCB060,l(HTb KpeCTbHH 38 BbiKyn? 3aJJ;amte 3 PemHTe 3a.l(a'tly. ,[(0 OTMeHbl KperrOCTHOrO npaBa KpeCTbHHHH TIJI8THJI no- MeiD;HKY o6poK, paBHbiH 12 py6JIHM. KaKoBa 6y.l(eT BbiKyn- HaH cyMMa? CKOJibKO KpecTbHHHH .l(OJimeH 3anJiaTHTb noMe- 3aJJ;auue 4 Bbi6epHTe npaBHJibHbiii OTBeT. 1. KaKHe KpecTbHHe C"<~HTaJIHCb BpeMeHHoo6H38BHbiMH: a) KpeCTbHHe, He 38KJIIO'tJHBillHe BbiKYllHbie C,l(eJIKH CO CBOHMH IIOMeiD;HK8MH llOCJie 06'bHBJieHHH pe<}>OpMbi; 6) KpeCTbHHe, 38llHC8BillHeCH B H8pO,l(HOe OllOJI'<IeHHe; B) roCy.l(apCTBeHHbie KpeCTbHHe? 2. BpeMeHH006H38HHbie KpecTbHHe .l(OJimHbi 6hiJIH: a) IIJI8THTb o6pOK HJIH OT6bJB8Tb 6apm;HHY B TIOJib3Y CBO- ero 6h1Bmero BJia.l(eJihu;a; 6) 6ecnJiaTHO TPYAHTbCH Ha rocy.l(apcTBO 2 pa3a B He,l(e- mo; B) IlpHHHM8Tb Y'tJ8CTHe B o6m;eCTBeHHbiX pa60T8X B CBOeM ye3.l(e. 3. 'lTO T8KOe 0Tpe3KH: a) 3eMJIH, KOTOpOH Ha,l(eJIHJIHCb KpeCTbHHe 110 pe<}>OpMe 1861 r.; 6) 3eMJIH, KOTOpyiO OTpe3aJIH y llOMeiD;HKOB B 110Jib3Y KpeCTbHH; B) 'tJ8CTb KpeCTbHHCKOrO Ha,l(eJia, OK838Bill8HCH «JIHillHeif» ITO CpaBHeHHIO C YCT8HOBJieHHOH B 1861 r. HOpMOH? 4. KTo TaKo:H: MHPOBOH nocpe.l(HHK: a) rrpe,l(CTaBHTeJib llOMeiD;HKOB, Y'tJ8CTBYIOID;HH B pa3pa60T- Ke KpeCTbHHCKOH pe<}>OpMbi; 6
  • 8. 6) npe,ZJ;CTaBHTeJib KpeCTb.HHCKOH 06ID;HHbl, yqaCTBYlOID;HH B pa3pemeHHH CIIOpOB Mem,n;y llOMeiD;HKOM H KpeCTb.HHaMH; a) npe,n;cTaBHTeJib ,n;sop.HHCTsa, npH3BaHHhiH cJie,ZJ;HTh 3a ocym;eCTBJieHHeM KpeCTb.HHCKOH peQ>opMbi Ha MeCTax? 3a;laBHe 5 Ha ocHose npe,n;cTasJieHHhiX HHme ,n;a.HHhiX c<t>OPMYJIHpyii- Te H 3aTIHillHTe BbiBO,Zl;bl 0 xapaKTepe KpeCTb.HHCKOH peQ>opMbl. 1. Cpe,n;HHH Ha,n;eJI KpecTh.HHHHa ,n;o peQ>opMhl cocTasmm 4,4 ,n;eC.HTHHbl, IIOCJie peQ>opMbi - 3,6 ,n;eCHTHHbl. 2. B MocKOBCKOH ry6epHHH KpecTbHHCKaH ceMbH a cpe,n;- HeM ,Zl;OJijKHa 6biJia 3aiiJiaTHTb 3a 3eMJIIO 500 py6JieH. IJpH 3TOM H36a CTOHJia 30-40 py6JieH, JIOIDa,D;b 15- 20 py6JieH. 3. CTOHMOCTb KpeCTh.HHCKo:H: 3eMJIH 6biJia ou;eHeHa a 500 MJIH py6JieH, 3aiiJiaTHJIH me KpeCTbHHe 1,5 MJip,ZJ; py6- JieH. 3a)la&He 6 MHOI'He KpeCTbHHe He XOTeJIH sepHTb TOMy, "<ITO 6hlJIO Ha- IIHCaHO a u;apcKOM MaHHQ>ecTe. Cpe,n;H KpecTb.HH IIO.HBJIHJIHCh JIIO,Zl;H, KOTOpbie y6em,n;aJIH HX B TOM, "<ITO u;apCKHH MaHHcpeCT IIO,ZJ;MeHeH "<IHHOBHHKaMH, H rrpe,n;Jial'aJIH CBOH TOJIKOBaHHH 3TOI'O ,ZJ;OKyMeHTa. IJpO"<IHTaHTe <<MaHHcpeCT 0 BOJie>>, COCTas- JieHHhiH KpeCThHHaMH Jie6e,n;HHCKoro ye3,n;a XapbKOBCKOH ry- 6epHHH a anpeJie 1861 r. HarrpoTHB CTaTe:H: KpecThHHCKoro MaHHcpeCTa 38IIHIDHTe, K8KHe Mepbl 6hlJIH npe,n;yCMOTpeHhl IIO 3THM Up06JieMaM B IIpaBHTeJibCTBeHHOM sapHaHTe. KpecThHHCKHH MaaH<PecT IJ;apCKHH MaHHtPeCT CTaThH 2. Pa6oTaTb Ha 6apm;HHe MymHKaM ,n;sa, a meHIIJ;HHaM O,Zl;HH ,n;eHh c THI'Jia••• 7
  • 9. IIpoiJoJt:HCettue KpecTbHHCKHH MB.HHcpecT ll.apCKHH MaHHcpeCT CTaTb.H 3. Bo BpeM.H maT- Bbl Ha pa60TY K noMeUJ,H- KaM He XOAHTb, nyCTb CO- 6HpaeT XJie6 CO CBOHM ce- MeHCTBOM, qTO C06epeT, TO H ero, a eCJIH 6yAeT OCTa- BaThCSI Heco6paHHhiH XJie6, TO C06paTh MHpOM H MupoM paaAeJIHThC.H. CTaTh.H 4. lloAaTeii u no- BHHHOCTeH n.HTb JieT HH- KaKHX He nJiaTHTh, rocy- Aaph npom;aeT. CTaTb.H 5. lloMem;HK AOJI- meH naxaTh a a CBOeM yqaCTKe CaM COXOIO, H ec- JIH He yMeeT HanpaBHTb COXH, TO KpeCTb.HHHH, KO- TOpbiH TYT CJiyqHTC.H, H naa ero 6yAeT npOCHTb, AOJimeH aarrpaBHTh, HO He CMe.HTbC.H.•• CTaTb.H 7. .Ll:BopOBbiM KamAOMy ceMeHCTBY naH AOJimeH nOCTpOHTb xaTy C nocTpoiiKaMH, AaTh JIO- maAh, KOpOBy, coxy, 6o- poay, H BCe X03.HHCTBeH- able IIpHHap;JiemHOCTH, H no 100 py6. cep. Ha Kam- AOro, a 6yAe cero He He- nOJIHHT, To Bee ero uMy- m;ecTBO H nocTpoiiKH npo- AaTh H pa3AaTb Ha MHp. 8
  • 10. llpoaoJIJICenue KpeCTbHHCKHH MaHH~CT IJ;apCKHH MaBH~CT CTaThH 8. IloMe~HKY oc- TaeTCH 3eMJIH rraxOTHbiR yqacTOK Ha ero ceMhlO Ta- KOR me, KaK H M Y:>KHKy, a 6oJihme HH<Jero. § 21-22. JIHBEPAJibHbiE PE<IJOPMbl 60-70-x rr. 3a.AaHHe 1 Bbi6epHTe rrpaBHJihHhi R OTBeT. 1. 3eMCKHe y-qpem,n:eHHH C03,ll;aBaJIHCb: a ) B ry6epHHHX H ye3,n:ax; 6 ) TOJibKO B ye3,n:ax; B ) TOJibKO B BOJIOCTHX. 2. 3eMCTBa ,ll;OJI:>KHbl 6hiJIH : a ) OCy~eCTBJIHTb IIOJIHTH'leCKYlO BJiaCTb Ha MeCTax; 6) KOHTpOJIHpOBaTb ,n:eHTeJihHOCTb rocy,n:apCTBeHHbiX 'IHHOB- HHKOB; B ) 3aHHMaTbCSI BOIIpOCaMH MeCTHOrO CaMoyrrpaBJie- HHH, 6JiaroycTpORCTBa, Me,ll;HII;HHbi, o6pa30BaHHH. 3. MaTepHaJihHOR ocHosoH: ,n:eHTeJibHOCTH 3eMCTB 6bi JIH: a) rocy.n;apcTBeHHhi e acc:arHoBaHHH; 6) crrerr;HaJihHhi R Ha- Jior Ha He,ll;BH:>KHMOe HMy~eCTBO ; B ) B3H0Cbl 'IJieHOB 3eMCKHX co6p aHHR. 3a.AaHHe 2 IIpose,n::aTe JIHHHH B cxeMax. 1. 3eMCKHe co6paBHH PacnopHJJ;HTeJI&Hbie opraH&I 3eMCKHe ynpaBbi IIpeJJ;BOJJ;HTeJib ,IJ;BOpSIHCTB8 HcnoJIBHTeJibHble opraHw ropOJJ;CKHe JJ;YMb! ropOJJ;CKHe ynpaBbi ropOJJ;CKOH rOJIOB8 9
  • 11. 2. Yea~ooe 3eMcKoe co6paoHe ~yxoaeocTBO II Mem;aoe 3a~aRHe 3 IIpoBe~HTe JIHHHH B cxeMe. Boenna.R- pecpop.Ma CyxorryTBhie BOHCKa yCpoK ~e:HcTBHTeJihooH: cJiym6hl BpeMR oaxom~eHHSI B 3anace BpeMSI oaxo:m~eBHSI a aanace 3~aRHe4 3arrOJIHHTe Ta6JIHII,y Cyoe6naR pecjJop.Ma I I 3 ro~a I 9 JieT I 10 JieT I 7 JieT I 15 JieT I I 6 JieT OcooBHhle rrpHB~HIIhi Hx peaJIHaan;HR 6ypmya3ooro rrpaBa B cy~e6oo:H pe<}>opMe He3aBHCHMOCTh cy~a Bhr6opoocTh cy~a 10
  • 12. IIpoooJL:J/Cenue OcaOBHhie rrpHHD;J.mbr Hx pea.nHaan_Hn 6ypmyaaaor o rrpaBa B cyAe6aoH. pe<t>opMe rJiaCHOCTb CYA8 CocTH3aTeJibHOCTb 06BHHeHHH H 3aiJJ;HTbl PaBeHCTBO Bcex COCJIOBHH rrepeA 3aKOHOM 3a~aHHe 5 3anOJIHHTe rrporryCKH B TeKCTe. CorJiaCHO << Y CTaBy 0 BOHHCKOH IIOBHHHOCTH>>, KOTOpbiH 6biJI YTBepm,D;eH B I'O,D;Y, OT ,D;eHCTBHTeJibHOH BOeH- HOH CJiym6bi OCB060m,D;aJIHCb B rrepByiO oqepe,D;b ITO ceMeHHO- MY IIOJIOmeHHIO: KpoMe TOI'O, OT BOHHCKOH IIOBHHHOCTH OCB060m,D;aJIHCb: 11
  • 13. CpoK ~eHCTBHTenhHOH aoeHHOH cnym6w 3aaqnTenhHO COKpa~anCSI B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT o6pa30BaTeRbHOrO D;eH3a: 3a.AaHHe 6 O~na H3 peaoniOD;HOHHhiX ~eaTene:H 0 . AnTeKMaH TaR xa- paKTepn3oaa.n rronHTHKY ArreKcaa~pa II B 70-e rr.: ~XapaKTepHa KpaHHSISI HeHCKpeHHOCTb BCeH BHyTpeHHeH IIORHTHKH rrpaBHTeRbCTBa: aeqHhle maTaHHSI H KOne6aHHSI, - o~HaKo c ocaoaHo:H Tea~ean;ne:H - K ... MpaKo6ecniO. K KOH- n;y 70-x ro~OB <<BeRHKHe pe<t>opMbl•> - KpeCTbSIHCK8SI, 3eMC- KaSI, Cy~e6HaSI H rrpoq, - OKa3a.JIHCb ~0 TOrO HCKa.JieqeHHbi- MH H ype3aHHbiMH.•• qTQ B HHX «RH6epa.JibHOrO•> H O~HOrO rpaHa He OCTa.JIOCbI> • 1. CornacHbi nn Bhl c rro~o6Ho:H on;eHKo:H: a) ~a; 6) BeT; a) qacTnqao cornacea? 2. IJpHBe~HTe <l>aKThl KOHCepBaTHBHOrO HaCTyrrneHHSI Ha pe<Pop Mw. KpecTb.R:HCKa.R: pe<PopMa PeQ>opMa cpe~aero o6pa30BaHHSI YHHBepCHTeTCKa.R: peQ>opMa 3eMcKaa pe<PopMa 12
  • 14. 3a.a;aune 7 0TMeTbTe Te H3 nepeqHCJieHHhiX HHme YTBepm,leHHH, KO- TOpbie He COOTBeTCTBYIOT HCTOpHqeCKOH ,leHCTBHTeJibHOCTH: a) 19 Hosr6pH 1864 r. 6hiJI yTaepm,leH «YcTaa r:HMHa3HH H rrporHMH83HH», KOTOpbiH BBO,lHJI IIPHHD;HII $OpMaJibHOrO paBeHCTBa B cpe,lHeM o6pa30BaHHH ,lJIH JIIO,leH BCeX COCJIOBHH H aepOHCIIOBe,l8HHH. 6) C n;eJibiO peaJIH38n;HH ,laHHOrO IlpHHD;HIIa 6biJI8 JIHKBH- AHPOBaHa IIJiaTa 3a o6yqeHHe a cpe,lHHX yqe6HhiX 3aBeAeHHHX. a) ITo ycTaay 1864 r. rrpemHHe rHMH83HH pa3AeJIHJIHCh Ha KJiacc~ecKHe H peaJibHhie. r) 0KOII'IHBIDHe KJI8CCHqecKHe rHMH83HH IIO;rytiHJIH rrpa- BO IIOCTyiiaTb B YHHBepCHTeThi 6e3 3K3aMeHOB. A) YCTaB 1864 r . BBO,lHJI COBMeCTHOe o6yqeHHe IOHOmeH H ,leBymeK B peaJibHbiX rHMH83HSIX. § 23. COIJ;HAJibH0-3KOHOMIPIECKOE PA3BHTHE IIOCJIE OTMEHbl KPEIIOCTHOrO IIPABA 3aJJ;aune 1 3aiiHIDHTe OTBeTbl H8 BOIIpOCbl. 1. IloqeMy, HeCMOTPH Ha TO qTo no pe<t>opMe 1861 r. rro- Meiii;HKaM IIOJiaraJIHCb 3HaqHTeJibHhle ,leHeiKHbie BbiiiJI8Thi, OHH TaK H He rrepecTpOHJIH CBOH X03HHCTB8 Ha KaiiHTaJIHCTH- qeCKHH Jia,l? 2. KaKyro poJih a rrope<t>opMeHHOM ceJibCKOM xo3HHCTBe HrpaJia apeH,la 3eMJIH? IloqeMy B TOr,laiDHHX pOCCHHCKHX yc- JIOBHSIX ee HeJib3H paCCM8TpHBaTb KaK Mepy KaiiHT8JIHCTHqe- CKOrO nepeycTpOHCTBa CeJihCKOrO X03HHCTBa? 13
  • 15. 3a.z:.auue 2 Ilp08H8JIH3Hpyihe ~aHHhie Ta6JIHIJ,hl H 3aTIHillHTe KpaTKHe BhlBO~hi. BbtnJtaBICa 11.yzyHa Ha ypaJLbC1Cux 3aeoi:Jax 6 mbtC. nyi:Joe 1860 r. 14 500 1861 r. 14 200 1862 r. 10 400 1863 r. 11 400 1867 r . 12 400 3a,ll;aone 3 3aiiHII.IHTe OTBeThi H8 BOIIpOChl. 1. Ilo"t.J:eMy 3KOHOMH"t.J:eCKHe pecpopMhi B CTpaae H8"ti8JIHCh C peopraHH381J,HH 6aHKOBCKOM CHCTeMhi? 2. IlO"t.J:eMy B YCT8Be rocy~apCTBeHHOrO 6aHK8 CO~ep.ma­ JIHCh CT8ThH, IIO KOTOpbiM OCHOBHOM H peaepBHhiM K8IIHTaJI, a T8K.me ~eHhrH BKJI~"tJ:HKOB He MOrJIH 6biTh HCIIOJih30B8Hhi rocy~apcTBeHHOM K83Hoil:? 14
  • 16. 3a,n;auue 4 IlpO'IHTa}iTe .D;OKyMeHTbl H 3aTIHillHTe OTBeTbl Ha BOllpOCbl. H3 eocno.M.unanuu KH-Jl.3Jl. B. Me14epcKozo • (MHHHCTepCTBO nyreH C006~eHHH] npe,D;CTaBJIHJIO rnas- HhiH nyHKT, r,a;e TOr,a;a COCpe,a;OTa'IHBaJiaCb BCH BaKXaHaJIHH .mene3HO.a;opo.mHoii ropH'IKH so seeM ee pa3rape. Tor.a;a y.me npOH3HOCHJIHCb HMeHa .>KeJie3HO,D;OpO.>KHbiX MOHTeKpHCTO - B'Iepa HH~HX, a cerO,D;HH MHJIJIHOHepos. HHKTO He MOr no- HHTb, llO'IeMy TaK:n:e JIIO.D;H, KaK MeKK, ,[(epBH3, ry60HHH, BamMaKos H npo'I., KOTOphie He RMenH, so-nepshlx, HH rpo- ma ,a;eHer, a BO-BTOpbiX, HHKaKHX HH.>KeHepHbiX ll03HaHHH, 6paJIHCb 3a KOHIJ;eCCHH KaK HH B 'IeM He 6biBaJIO H B ,D;Ba-TpH ro,a;a ,D;eJiaJIHCh MHJIJIHOHepaMH>>. H3 aneenuKa u3eecmnozo ny6.nu4ucma A. Cyeopuna <<0 KoHn;eccHHX B3AhiXaJIH KaK o MaHHe He6ecHoii. CrrHT, CllHT B CBOeH .D;bipe KaKOH-HH6y,D;h npe,a;rrpHHHMaTeJih, .ma.m- AYIIJ;HH He CTOJibKO rrpH3HaTeJihHOCTH CBOHX rpa.m,a;aH, CKOJib- KO KaTIHTaJIOB, H s,a;pyr IlpOCHeTCH CO C'IaCTJIHBOH MbiCJibiO: «Ba! - BOCKJIHIJ;aeT OH, y,a;apHH ce6H no n6y, 3a llOKpbllliKOH KOTOporo HHKOr,a;a HH O.D;HOH H,ZJ;eli He TaHJIOCh, - qero .me H AYMaiO? ,[(opora H3 BonsaacKa s ,[(ypHOBKY HMeeT rocy.a;ap- CTBeHaoe 3Ha'IeH:n:e. TyT - rrpoMhimneHHOCTh, H CTpaTerHH, H • •• "'IepT 3HaeT e~e "l!TOI>> 1. 0 KaKOM nepHo,a;e s pa3BHTHH poccHHCKOH aKOHOMHKH H.D;eT pe"'Ih s ,a;oKyMeHTax? 2. "tJTo TaKoe KoHn;eccHH? 3. Ka- Kosa 6biJia pOJib rocy,a;apCTBa B B03HHKHOBeHHH <<.>KeJie3HO,D;O- pO.>KHOH ropH"l!KH•>? 4. KaKoshi nocne,a;CTBHH 6ypHoro .mene3- ao.a;opo.mHoro CTpO:n:TeJibCTBa? 3a.n;auue 5 Ha KapTe aa c. 16 OTMeThTe paiioHhi Ha.MBhicmero pa3sn:- THH npOMhimneHHOro npoH3BO.D;CTBa s 60-70-e rr. XIX s. 15
  • 17. 16
  • 18. ITpH.n;yMa.HTe CBOIO JiereH.n;y K KapTe (T. e. 3Ha'IKH H u;BeT, KOTOphiMH Bhl 6y.n;eTe 0603H8'IaTb pa3BHTHe TeX HJIH HHhiX OTpacJieH IIpOMhlillJieHHOrO IIpOH3BO,D;CTBa). 3aJJ;aHne 6 B KOHn;e 60-x - Ha'IaJie 70-x rr. 6&IJIH BBe.n;eHhi B CTpoH: BamH&Ie meJie3Ho.n;opomH&Ie JIHHHH: MocKBa- KypcK, KypcK- KHeB, KypcK- XaphKOB, XapbKOB- O .n;ecca, Xapb- KOB- PocTOB, MocKBa- HpocJiaBJib, HpocnaBJib-BoJior.n;a, MocKBa-T aM6oB, TaM6oB-CapaTOB, MocKBa- BpecT, BpecT- KHeB. 0TMeT&Te 3TH JIHHHH Ha KapTe Hac. 16 H .n;a.H- Te IIHCbMeHHbiH OTBeT Ha BOIIp oc: KaKOBhl 3KOHOMH'IeCKHe pe3yJibT8Thl CTp OHTeJibCTBa 3TH X meJie3HhiX ,D;Opor? § 24. OB~ECTBEHHOE ,ll;BlDKEHHE: JIHBEPAJILI H KOHCEPBATOPLI 3aJJ;aHHe 1 0TMeTbTe Tpe60B8HH.H, Bbi,D;BHraBmHeC.H pOCCHHCKHMH JIH- 6epaJI8MH B cepe.n;HHe 50-x - Haqa.n:e 60-x rr.: a) CB06o.n;a COBeCTH, BbipameHH.H 06~eCTBeHHOrO MHeHH.H, KHHrone'IaTaHH.H; 6) OTMeHa KpenOCTHOrO npaBa; B) ycTaHOBJieHHe pecny6JIHK8HCKOrO IlpaBJieHH.H; r) ny6JIH'IHOCTh BCeX npaBHTeJibCTBeHHbiX ,D;eMCTBHH; ,D;) ny6JIH'IHOCTh H rJiaCHOCTb cy.n;a; e) BBe,D;eHHe KOHCTHTyrJ;HOHHOrO npaBJieHH.H. 3aJJ;aHHe 2 ,[l;aHTe IIHCbMeHHbiH OTBeT Ha CJie,D;yiO~He BOIIpOChi: 1. KaKoe Tpe6oBa HHe JIH6epaJihi y6paJIH H3 cBoe:i:i nonH- TH'IeCKOM nporpaMMbi? 2. l1o'IeMy 6biJIO CH.HTO 3TO IIpHHD;HIIHaJibHOe Tpe60BaHHe? 3aJJ;anHe 3 B 1862 r. Ha HM.H ArreKcaH,D;pa II nocTynHJI .n;oKyMeHT, B KOTOpOM, B 'IaCTHOCTH, rOBOpHJIOCh: 2 - .UB11HJJ08 8 KJI, P. T .. lf. 2 17
  • 19. BMeCTO ,n;e:H:cTBHTeJibHOro oc~eCTBJieHHH o6em;aaao:H: aa- MH pyCCKOMY Hapo,n;y BOJIH BaDIH CaHOBHHKH H306peJIH Bpe- MeHH006H3aHHOe llOJIO)KeHHe, HeBbiHOCHMOe KaK ,D;JIH KpeCTb- HH, TaK H ,D;JIH noMeiD;HKOB. BMecTo o,n;aoapeMeHHoro H o6H- 3aTeJihHoro 06pam;eHHH KpeCThHH B CB060p;HbiX n03eMeJibHbiX C06CTBeHHHKOB BamH CaHOBHHKH H306peJIH CHCTeMy ,n;o6po- BOJlbHbiX COrJiarueHHH, KOTOpbie rp03HT p;OBeCTH ,11;0 Kpaif:He- ro pa30peHHH H KpeCTbHH, H noMeiD;HKOB. 0HH HaXO,D;HT He- 06XOp;HMbiM COXpaHeHHe ABOp.HHCKHX npHBHJierHH, TOr,n;a KaK Mbl••• menaeM HX OTMeHbi. . . Mb! yaepeabl, "<ITO ace npeo6pa- 30BaHHH OCTaHYTCH 6e3ycnemHbiMH, nOTOMy "<ITO npe,n;npHHH- MaiOTCH 6e3 cnpoca H ae,n;oMa napop;a. Co6paaHe Bhi6opHbiX acen 3eMJIH pyccKo:H: npe,n;cTaBnHeT e,n;HHCTBenaoe cpe,n;cTBO K yp;oaneTBOPHTeJibHOMY pa3peme- HHIO BOnpOCOB, B036ymp;eHHbiX, HO He pa3pemeHHbiX <<llOJIO- )KeHHeM 19 $eBpaJIH•. KTo 6hiJI aBTopoM aToro ,n;oKyMeHTa: a) A. H. repu;ea; 6) TBepcKoe ABOPHHCTBO; B) K. ,n;. Ka- BeJIHH H B. H. llH"<IepHH? 3MaHHe 4 Bbi6epHTe npaBMJibHbiH OTBeT. 1. IlpH"<IHHOH paaphlaa Mem,n;y K. ,D;. KaaeJIHHhiM H B. H. llH"<IepHHbiM CTaJIH pa3HOrJiaCHH: a) no noaop;y ,n;eHCTBHH npaBHTeJibCTBa B OTHOmeHHH cTyp;eH"<~eCKHX 6ecnopHp;Koa; 6) a ou;eHKe TaepcKoro a,n;peca 1862 r.; B) B OD;eHKe KpeCTbHHCKOH pe$opMb1. 2. KHH3b rr. A. KponOTKHH nHCaJI B «3aiiHCKax peBOJIIO- D;HOHepa>>: <•B HHBape 1863 rop;a llonhma aoccTana npoTHB pyccKo- ro ana,n;bl"<~eCTBa ••• HHKor,n;a paHbme noJihCKOMY ,n;eJiy TaK MHoro He co"<IyBCTBOBaJIH a PoccHH, KaK Tor,n;a... Ho BOT cpe- ,n;H o6m;ero B036ymp;eHHH pacnpOCTpaHHJIOCb H3BeCTHe, "<ITO B HO"<Ib Ha 10 HHBapH fiOBCTaHD;bi HanaJIH Ha COJI,D;aT, KBapTH- poBaBillHX no ,n;epeBHHM, H nepepe3aJIH COHHbiX..• KpoMe TO- ro, HanoJieoH III H AHrJIHH CTaJIH yrpomaTb PoccHH Hoao:H: BOHHOH H aTa nycTaH yrpo3a rrpHHecJia noJIHKaM 6oJibme ape- ,n;a, "<JeM BCe OCTaJibHb!e npH"<IHHhi, BMeCTe B3HTbie». KaK OTpa3HJIHCb 3TH C06b1THH Ha COCTOHHHH o6m;eCTBeH- HOrO ,n;a~rmeHHH B PoccHH: a) rrpOM30illJIO 06'be,D;HHeHHe JIH6epaJibHOrO ,D;BH)KeHHH BOKpyr Tpe6oBaHHH npep;OCTaBJieHHH llOJibillH He3aBHCH- MOCTH; 18
  • 20. 6) IIpOH30illeJI paCKOJI JIH6epaJibHOI'O .D;BH)KeHHR, qaCTb JIH6epaJIOB rrepemna Ha HaD;HOHaJIHCTHqeCKHe H KOHCepBa- THBHbie II03HD;HH; B) JIH6epaJihl-3arra,n;HHKH OTKa3aJIHCb OT CBOeH OpHeHTa- D;HH aa aana,n;HbiH rryTb paaBHTHR PoccHH? 3a.nanJte 5 Onpe.n;enHTe, KaK:ae qepThl 6biJIH xapaKTepHhl .n;nR aeMc- Koro .D;BHmeHHR KOHD;a 70-x rr.: a) Kypc Ha COTpy.D;HHqeCTBO C npaBHTeJibCTBOM; 6) aKTHBH3aD;HR IIO,n;aqH a,n;peCOB C Tpe60BaHHRMH pacmH- peHHR CBOHX npaB; B) IIOIIbiTKH YCTaHOBJieHH.R KOHTaKTOB C peBOJIIOD;HOHepa- MH; I') IIOIIbiTKH 06'be,li;HHHTb JIH6epaJibHhie CHJlbi; ,n;) OTKa3 OT IIOJIHTH"t!eCKHX Tpe60BaHHH. 3~aHHC 6 BI>I6epHTe rrpaBHJihHhlH OTBeT. 1. <I>. H. TroTlJeB rrocBRTRJI 3HaMeHHToe qeTBepocTHm:ae: H~ PoccHeH pacnpocTepTOH BCTBJI BHe3aJIHOIO rp030H lleTp no np03BH~Y qeTBepTbiH, ApaK<Jees me BTopoH. a) M. H . KaTKOBy; 6) M. T. JiopHc-MenHKoBy; B) IT. A. IllyBanoBy. 2. B nepHo.n; npoBe.n;eHHR pecpopM «CBepxy>> KOHcepBaTo- pbi ClJHTaJIH CBOHMH I'JiaBHbiMH 3a,n;aqaMH (B03MO)KHbl He- CKOJibKO BapHaHTOB OTBeTa): a) copBaTh nro6wMH crroco6aMH rrpoBe.n;eaHe pe<PopM; 6) OI'pa.D;HTb HMIIepaTOpa OT BJIHRHHR JIH6epaJibHbiX lJH- HOBHHKOB; B) CKOppeKTHpOBaTb pe<PopMhl B HHTepecax IIOMell.l;HKOB; r) <l>H3HqeCKH ycTpaHHTb HMIIepaTopa-pe<PopMaTOpa. 3. H.n;eonoroM KoacepBaTH3Ma cTan o.n;HH H3 6wBmHx nn- 6epaJibHbiX o6w;ecTBeHHhlX .n;eRTene:H.: a) M. H . KaTKOB; 6) A. M. YHKOBCKHH; B) B. H. -q:HllepHH. 2* 19
  • 21. 3anaHHe 7 .IJ:aihe llHCbMeHHbiH OTBeT Ha BOIIpOC. KaK Bhi MomeTe o6'hHCHHTh TOT cpaKT, 'ITO Bonpoc o BBe- ,ZJ;eHHH B PoccHH Hatia.n: rrpe,lJ;CTaBHTeJihHoro rrpaBJieHHH 6hiJI rrocTaBJieH B 70-x rr. KOHcepBaTopaMH II. A. Ba.n:yeBhiM H II. A. IllyBa.JIOBbiM? § 25. 3APOm,ZJ;EHIIE PEBOJIIOD;IIOHHOrO HAPO,li;HII'liECTBA II ErO II,li;EOJIOrH.H 3anauue 1 IIpo,ZJ;oJimHTe cppa3hl. IIpH"<IHHaMH pocTa peBOJIIOD;HOHHoro ,li;BHmeHHH B 60-e rr. 6hiJIH: IIpoTHBopetiHBOCTh caMoi1: KpeCThHHCKOH pecpopMbi ___ PeaKD;HH KpeCThHH HerrocJie,ZJ;oBaTeJihHOCTh 3a,ll;aHHe 2 21 HIOHH 1863 r. n;eH3op B. BeKeTOB coo6~HJI H. A. HeK- pacoBy: <• •..H MepTB ,ZJ;JIH Bamero <•CoBpeMeHHHKa>> H ,ZJ;JIH cJiym6hr. Mue BeJieuo rro,ZJ;aTh B OTCTaBKY>>. KaKoe co6biTHe 20
  • 22. CTaJIO IIplfliiiHOH OTCTaBKR D;eH30pa, KypllpOBaBmero m.ypHaJI <<COBpeMeHHHK>>: a) IIOMe~eHHe B mypHaJie IIpOKJiaMaD;IIII «BapCKIIM KpeCTb.RHaM OT HX ,lJ;06pom.eJiaTeJieH IIOKJIOH>>; 6) rroMe~eHIIe B mypHaJie «BceiiOAAaHHeH:mero aApeca» TBepCKOrO ABOp.RHCTBa; B) noMe~eHIIe B mypHaJie pOMaHa H . r. lJepHbiWeBCKOro «lJTO ,lJ;eJiaTb?»? 3aJ);anue 3 IlpOl!IITaHTe JJ:OKyMeHT H ,lJ;aHTe IIIICbMeHHbie OTBeTbi Ha BOIIPOCbi. H 3 pa6ombt H. r . q epHbtUJ.eBC/COZO <<C.!taBRHO{jJUJtbt U Bonpoc 06 06l.l{UHe>> <<06ecrreqeHHe qaCTHbiX rrpaB OT,lJ;eJibHOH JIIIlJHOCTII 6hiJIO cy~eCTBeHHbiM CO,lJ;epm.aHIIeM aana,lJ;HOeBpOIIeHCKOH IICTOpHH B IIOCJie,lJ;HHe CTOJieTII.R.• • H o, KaK BC.RKOe O,lJ;HOCTOpOHHee CTpeMJieHIIe, II 3TOT ll,lJ;eaJI HCKJIIOlJHTeJibHbiX npaB OT,lJ;eJibHO- ro JIIID;a HMeeT CBOII HeBhirO,lJ;bl••• 0T,lJ;eJibHbiH qeJIOBeK, CTaB- WII HeaaBIICHMbiM, ocTaBJieH 6ecrroMo~HhiM. BearpauHqHoe correpHH'<~eCTBO OTAaJio cJia6hiX Ha mepTBY CHJihHhiM, TPYA Ha mepTBY KaiiHTaJiy•• • Heo6xOAIIMO AOJim.Hhi 6biJI:H SIBHTbCSI HOBbie CTpeMJieHHSI, KOTOpbiMH OTCTpaH.RJIHCb 6hl HeBbirOJJ:bi rrpem.Hero OJJ:HOCTO- pOHHero ll,lJ;eaJia. ITocJie IIOH.RTII.R o rrpaBax OTAeJibHOH JIHq- HOCTH B03HMKJia ll,lJ;e.R 0 COJ03e II 6paTCTBe Mem.,lJ;y JIIO,lJ;bMII: JIIO,lJ;II AOJI)I(.Hbl COe,lJ;HHIITbC.R B o6~eCTBa, MMeiO~Me 06~HH HHTepec••• B aeMJieAeJIHII 6paTCTBO aTo AOJim.Ho Bbipa311ThC.R rrepeXO,lJ;OM 3eMJIII B 06~11HHOe IIOJib30BaHMe, B IIpOMbiWJieH- HOCTII - nepeXO,lJ;OM <Pa6plll!HbiX M 3aBOACKMX npe,lJ;IIpii.RTIIH B 06~11HHOe AOCTO.RHMe KOMIIaHIIM BCeX pa60TaiO~MX Ha 3TOH <Pa6pMKe, Ha 3TOM 3aBO,lJ;e••. 9TO HOBOe CTpeMJieHMe K COI03HOMY IIpOH3BO,lJ;CTBY II IIO- Tpe6JieHHIO .RBJI.ReTC.R ecTeCTBeHHhiM IIPOAOJimeHIIeM, pacmH- peHIIeM, JJ:OIIOJIHeHIIeM rrpem.H ero CTpeMJieHII.R K o6ecrreqeHHIO qacTHhiX rrpaB OTAeJihHOH JilllJHOCTH••• IJop.R,lJ;OK ,lJ;eJI, K KOTOpOMY CTOJib TPYAHbiM II AOJiriiM rry- TeM CTpeMHTC.R Teiiepb 3aiiaA, e~e cy~eCTByeT y HaC B MO- ry~eCTBeHHOM HapOJJ:HOM o6hll!ae Hamero ceJibCKoro 6hiTa . Cy~eCTBOBaJI HeKOrAa oH M Ha 3arraAe•.• HO yTpaqeH TaM OA- HocTopoHHIIM CTpeMJieHIIeM K IIOJIHOBJiaCTHOH C06CTBeHHOCTM OT,lJ;eJibHOrO JIIID;a•• . IJpMMep 3 aiiaAa He ,lJ;OJI)KeH 6hiTb IIOTe- p.RH AJI.R Hac. Bonpoc o aeMJie,lJ;eJibl!eCKOM 6biTe - BamHei1- 21
  • 23. nndi ,n;Jui PoccHH, KOTopaR oqenh .n;onro ocTaHeTCR rocy.n;ap- CTBOM IIO npeHMym;eCTBY 3eMJie,D;eJihqecKHM••• ...,II;a He ,n;ep3HeM Mbl IIOCRI'HYTb Ha 06ID;HHHOe IIOJih30Ba- HHe 3eMJIRMH - Ha TO 6Jiaro, OT IlpH06peTeHHR KOTOpOI'O Te- nepb 3aBHCHT 6Jiai'O,D;eHCTBHe 3eMJie,n;eJihqeCKHX KJiaCCOB 3a- na,n;HOH EBponhi. llx npHMep .n;a 6y,n;eT HaM ypoKOM» . 1. "lJTO CqHTaeT "tJepHbiiiieBCKHH I'JiaBHbiM co,n;ep.maHHeM aana,n;HoeBponeH:cKoH: HCTOPHH? 2. KaK OH o:u;eHHBaeT ee pe- ayJihTaTbi? 3. B KaKOM HanpaBJieHHH, cqHTaeT "t!epHhlmeB- cKHH:, 6y,n;yT paaBHBaTbCSI co6hiTHR .n;anhme? 4. B qeM, no MHeHHIO "t!epHhimeBcKoro, cocTOHT npeHMym;ecTBO PoccHH nepe.n; 3ana,n;oM? 3a.n;anHe 4 Bhi6epHTe npaBHJihHbiH: OTBeT. 1. TaH:HaR peBOJIIOII.HOHHaR opraHwaan.wR «3eMJIR H BOJISI>> 6bma coa,n;aHa B: a) 1858 r .; 6) 1861 r.; B) 1863 r . 2. OcHOBHhlM noJIHTRqecKHM Tpe6oBaHReM «3eMJIH H Bo- JIH>> 6biJIO: a) ycTaHOBJieHHe KOHCTHTYI.I;HOHHOH MOHapXHH; 6) C03hiB 3eMCKOI'O C06opa; B) ycTaHOBJieHHe ,n;eMOKpaTwqecKoH: pecny6JIHKH. 3. PyKOBO,li;HTeJIH «3eMJIH H BOJIH» cqHTaJIH, qTo Macco- Bhie KpeCTbRHCKHe BbiCTynJieHHR UpOH30H,ll;yT B 1863 I'., TaK KaK B 3TOM ro,n;y: a) HCTeKaJI CpOK IIO,ll;llHCaHH.SI Y CTaBHbiX rpaMOT Me.m,n;y llOMeiiJ;HKaMH H KpeCTbRHaMH; 22 6) BBO,li;HJIOCb BpeMeHH006H3aHHOe COCTORHHe KpeCTbRH; B) HaMeqanocb y6wH:cTBO ArreKca H,n;pa II.
  • 24. 3a~aHHe 5 Onpe,ZJ;eJIHTe, KaKHe BhiCKa3hlBaHHH npHHa,ZJ;JiemaT: 1. M. A. BaKyHI1Hy. 2. n. JI. JlaBpoBy. 3. n . H. TKaqeBy. a) «llepBbiM yCJIOBHeM DO,ZJ;rOTOBJieHHSI COII,HaJihHOH peBO- JIIOII,HH B PoccHH ,ZJ;OJI>KHa 6hiTh opraHH3aii,HH peBoJirou,:uoaao- ro MeHbiiiHHCTBa, DOHHMaiOIII,aSI 3a,ZJ;aq:n pa6oqero COII,HaJIH3- Ma, B cpe,ZJ;e o6III,HHHhiX H apTeJihHhiX u,eHTpoB pyccKoro aa- po,ZJ;a~. 6) «lfT06hl COBepiiiHTh pa,ZJ;HKaJihHYlO peBOJIIOII,HIO, Hy>K- HO. •. pa3pYIIIHTb C06CTBeHHOCTb H rocy,ZJ;apCTBO••• •> - - - - - B ) << •• • lfCTHHHO peBOJIIOII,HOHHaSI napTHSI CTaBHT CBOeH rJiaBHOH, CBOeH nepBOCTeDeHHOH 3a,ZJ;aqeft He DO,ZJ;rOTOBJieHHe peBOJIIOII,HH B006III,e, B OT,ZJ;aJieHHOM 6y.u;yiii,eM, a OCyiii,eCTBJie- HHe ee B B03MO>KHO 6JIH>KaHIIIeM HaCTOSIIII,eM~. - - - - - - - 3a~auue 6 M . A. BaKyHHH pe3Ko KPHTHKOBaJI H,ZJ;ero K. MapKca o )J;HKTaType npoJieTapHaTa, Bhi,ZJ;eJIHSI OCHOBHbie STaTihi B03- MO>KHOrO XO,ZJ;a C06hiTHH: 1. KpeCThHHCKHH 6yHT. 2. ,il;HKTaTypa npoJieTap:uaTa. 3. HaBH3hiBaane KpecThHHaM KOMMYHHCTnqecKHX nopH,ZJ;KOB. 4. lloHBJiea:ue BOeHHoro ,ZJ;HKTaTopa. 5. YcHJieHHe apMHH. PacnoJio>KHTe STH STanhl B aymao:H nocJie,ZJ;oBaTeJihHOCTH. 3aA3HIIe 7 ,ll;a:HTe onpe,ZJ;eJieHHe DOHHTHH. Pa3aoq:nHu,hr Hapo,ZJ;HHKH 23
  • 25. 3a.n;auHe 8 ITpoBe,n;HTe JIHHHH B cxeMe. IM. A. BaKyaaa I II. JI. JlaBpOB II. H. TKaqeB roTOBHTb aapo,n; K peBOJHOD;HH IIo.n;HHMaTh MYJKHKOB Ha 6yHT PeBOJIJOD;HJO aaqaeT ae aapo.n;, a opraBH30Baaaoe MeHhillHHCTBO § 26. PEBOJIIO:QHOHHOE HAPO,li;HifqECTBO BTOPOH IIOJIOBHHhl 60-x - HAqAJIA 80-x rr. 3a.n;aHHe 1 3aiiOJIHHTe rrporryCKH B TeKCTe. O ceHhiO 1863 r. B MoeRBe 6biJI opraHH30BaH KpymoK ca- paToBcKoro pa3HO'IHHn;a H. A. HmyTHHa. K 1865 r. ou Bbi- poc B Kpyrruyro IIO).l;IIOJibHYIO opraHH3aD;HIO C ¢lHJIHaJIOM B 11eTep6ypre. HmyTHHD;hi rro.n; BJIHHHMeM Ha'!aJIH ycTpaHBaTb Ha apTeJihHbiX Ha"t.JaJiaX MaCTepCK.He, "t.JT0- 6bi TaK.HM o6pa30M y6e).l;HTb Hapo,n; B rrpeHMyiD;eCTBaX COD;Ha- JIHCTll'leCKOrO IIpOH3BO).l;CTBa, a 3aTeM IIOTpe60BaTb OT rrpaBH- TeJibCTBa pe<!JopM, Be,n;yin;MX K COD;RaJIH3MY, H, eCJIH OHO OT- K.a:>KeTCH, O.n;uaK.o "t.JaCTh HIDYTHHn;eB cTaJia HCK.aTb 6oJiee KopoTKHe IIYTH K. peBOJIIOD;HH, a CaMbiH IIbiJIKHH H3 HHX rrepBbiM H3 pyCCKHX peBOJIIOD;MO- HepOB rromeJI ua Ou pemRJI, "'ITO l:IMeHHO CTaHeT 4 arrpeJIH r . y pemeTKM JleTHero ca.n;a B 11eTep- 6ypre 24
  • 26. IIocne~CTBMeM aToro Diara cTano 3a.IJ;aHne 2 3arronHMTe cxeMY. <<3eMJIJI M BOJIJI ~ I OcHOBHhie rrporpaMMHbie .n;a'IH: 3a- r-- o6pa30BaHa B r . Cnoco6 rrpeTBOpeHHJI B )KH3Hb rrporpaMMHbiX 3a.D:aq: I MeTO,D;hi pa6oThi I I opraHH3aTopCKHe: ,n;e3opraHH3aTOpCKHe: 25
  • 27. 3a.Aaune 3 0 KaKOH HapO,ll;HH'IeCKOH opraHH3aiJ,HH H,ll;eT peqb B ,ll;OKy- MeHTax? « ...Bee, 'ITO eCTb 6naropo,n;Horo H BhiCOKoro a npHpo.n;e qe- JIOBeKa, Ka3aJIOCh, 6hiJIO cocpe,n;oToqeHo a aToii ropcTKe repo- H'IeCKOH MOJIO,ll;e)KH. 0HH XOTeJIH OCB060,ll;HTbCSI OT BCSIKHX ,n;pyrHX ITOMblillJieHHH••• qT06bi OT,ll;aTbCSI CBOeMy ,n;eJiy BCen;e- JIO 6e33aBeTHO>> (C. M. Cmemt;uc·Kpaettunc~euu). «Ham KPY)KOK ocTaaancSI TecHo:H ceMhe:H .n;py3eii. HHKor- .n;a BllOCJie,ll;CTBHH SI He BCTpeqaJI TaKOH rpynnhl H,ll;eaJibHO 'IHCTbiX H HpaBCTBeHHO Bbi,ll;aiOIIJ;HXCSI JIIO,ll;eH, KaK Te 'IeJIO- BeK ,ll;Ba,n;n;aTb, KOTOpbiX SI BCTpeTHJI Ha nepBOM 3ace,n;aHHH KPY)KKa• •• >> (II. A. Kponom~eun). a) <•Hapo,n;HaSI pacnpaaa>>; 6) KPY)KOK "t!aiiKOBCKoro; a) KPY)KOK ,Il;onrymHHa. 3a~auHe 4 3anoJIHHTe cxeMy. Ha3BaHHe opraHH3 aiJ,HH H ee OCHOBHbie 3a~aqH /I «3eMJIH IH BOJIH» PacK~r. 26 I JlH~ephi I r-- -
  • 28. 3a,nauue 5 IJpO'IHTaKTe OTpbiBKH H3 CTHXOTBOpeHHH H ,n;aaTe IIHCb- MeHHbie OTBeTbl Ha BOIIpOCbl. roTOB JIH? Hy! Terrepb CMOTpH, CTyrraii no ropo,n;aM H ceJiaM 11: 0 rpR,n;ym;eM rOBOpH JKHBOTperre~yiiJ,HM rJiarOJIOM. (H. Ozapee) 11: BOT Terrepb CO BCeX CTOpOH M,n;yT Ha 6oii 6opu;hl HHbie... M.nYT B H3MyqeHHbiH Hapo,n;, M,n;yT B roJIO,li;Hbie ceJieHbH; Bcex pyccKHH roJioc HX 30BeT B 6oii 3a Hapo,n;Hoe crraceHbe. (II. JIaepoe) 1. 0 KaKOM rrepHO,D;e B HCTOpHH pyCCKOrO HapO,li;HH'leCTBa n,n;eT pe'lh s CTHXOTBOPHhiX cTpoKax? 2. KaKOBbi HTOrH aTo- ro rrepno,n;a? 3a.nauue 6 IJpO'IHTaHTe ,li;OKyMeHTbl H ,n;aM:Te KOpOTKHH IIHCbMeHHbiH KOMMeHTapHH. H 3 3a.R6.n.enu.R H cno.n.nume.n.bnozo KoMumema <<HapoiJnou 6o.n.u>> no no6oiJy y6uucm6a npe3uiJenma CiliA /I,. Fapf!Ju.n.iJa om 10 cenm.R6p.R 1881 z. <• B cTpaHe, r ,n;e cso6o,n;a JIH'IHOCTH ,n;aeT B03MO:>KHOCTh qecTHOH n,n;eH:Hoii 6oph6hi, r,n;e cso6o,n;Ha.H Hapo,n;Ha.H BOJI.H on- pe,n;eJI.HeT He TOJibKO 3aKOH, HO H JIH'IHOCTb npaBHTeJieH, - B TaKOH CTpaHe IIOJIHTH'leCKOe y6HHCTBO KaK Cpe,D;CTBO 6opb- 6bl ecTb rrpo.HBJieHne Taro me ,n;yxa ,n;ecnoTH3Ma, yHH'ITO:>Ke- HHe KOTOpOrO B POCCHH Mbl CTaBHM 3a,D;a'leH>>. Mnenue ctJ. 3nze.!/.bCa <<IIonHTH'leCKoe y6HHCTBO B Poccnn - e,n;HHCTBeHHOe Cpe,D;CTBO, KOTOpbiM paCIIOJiaraiOT YMHbie, CMeJible H yBa:>KaiO- UJ;He Ce6.H JIIO,li;H ,li;JI.H 3a1Il;HTbl npOTHB areHTOB HeCJibiXaHHO ,n;ecnoTH'lecKoro pemnMa•> . 27
  • 29. H apoanaJt nozoeopKa 70-x zz. XIX e. Ilocy,n;y 6e:H, HO caMoBap He Tpora:H. 3a,IJ;anue 7 Bbi6epHTe rrpaBHJibHbiH OTBeT. 1. ArreKcaH,n;p II 6biJI cMepTeJibHO paHeH 1 MapTa: a) 1878 r.; 6) 1879 r.; B) 1881 r. 2. Herrocpe,n;cTBeHHbiM HcnoJIHHTeJieM TeppopHCTH'lecKoro aKTa, rrpHBe,n;rnero K cMepTH HMrrepaTopa, cTaJI: a) M. rpeHeBHIJ;KHH; 6) A. JKemr6oB; B) c. XaJITYPHH. 3. B arrpeJie 1881 r . 6biJIH noBerneHbi opraHH3aTOpbi no- KyrneHH.H: a) 0 . ArrTeKMaH; 6) A. JKeJI.a6oB; B) A. MHxa:HJioB; r) H . KH6aJib'IH'I; ,n;) C. KpaB'IHHCKHM; e) C. IlepoBcKa.a; m) H . PblcaKoB; 3) M. <I>poJieHKO. 28 § 27. BHEIDH.H.H IIOJIHTHKA AJIEKCAH,l(PA II 3a,ZJ;aHue 1 3arroJIHHTe cxeMy. 3~aqH pyccKOH ,D;HIIJIOMaTMM B EBporre I I I
  • 30. 3a,u.aHne 2 3anoJIHRTe cxeMy OcaoBHa.H n;eJib BHemae:H noJIHTHKH PoccHH 1---- B 60- 70-e rr. OcaoBHbie aanpaBJieHHH BHemHeH llOJIHTHKH 1---- PoccHH B 60- 70-e rr. 3a~amle 3 Bhi6epnTe npaBHJihHhiH OTBeT. 1. KaKyiO ll03HD;HIO 33HHJia IlpyCCHH BO BpeMH BOCCT3HHH B IloJibiiie 1863 r .: a) npncoe.n;HHHJiach K Tpe6oBaHHHM AHrJIHH H <I>paHD;HH rrpeKpaTHTh KpoBonpoJIHTHe B IloJihiiie; 6) 06'bHBHJia 0 CBOeM HeHTpaJIHTeTe; B) no.n;.n;epmaJia ~eiicTBHH pyccKoro npaBHTeJihCTBa? 2. KoMy nocBarn;eHhi cJie.n;yrorn;ne CTHXH <I>. ll. TroT'IeBa? ,ll;a, Bhl C.l(epJKaJIH Bame cJioBo: He C.l(BHHYB nymKH, HH py6JIH, B CBOH npaBa BCTynaeT CHOBa Po.l(HaH pyccKaH 3eMJIH. I1 HaM 3aBeiD;aHaoe Mope OnHTh CB060.l(HOIO BOJiaoii:, 0 KpaTKOM ll0336biB ll030pe, Jlo63aeT 6eper CBOH po.l(HOH. a) A. ll. BapSITHHCKOMY; 6) A. 11:. rop'IaKOBy; B) M. r. l:lep- HHeBy. 29
  • 31. 3. 0 KaKOM C06biTHH B HHX H~eT pe'lh: a) o6 OKOH'laHHH KaBKa3cKoH: BOHHhl; 6) o6 ocHoBaHHH rropTa Bna~HBOCToK; B) 06 OTMeHe HeHTpaJIH3ai.J;:HH ~epHOro MOpR? 4. OT KaKnx cTaTeH: ITapnmcKoro ~oroBopa OTKa3anach POCCHR: a) OT 3arrpeTa HMeTb CBOH qJJIOT Ha ~epHOM MOpe; 6) OT 3a.KpbiTHR IIpOJIHBOB ~JIR BOeHHbiX cy~OB; B) oT rrpH3HaHHR BaccanbHOH 3aBHCHMOCTH Cep6nn n ~ep­ Horopnn OT Typu;nn? 3a)l;aHHe 4 3aiiOJIHHTe IIpOITYCKH B TeKCTe. B aBrycTe 1856 r . ArreKcaH~p II Ha3Ha"<IHJI HaMeCTHHKOM KaBKa3a H r JiaBHOKOMaH~yrom;HM KaBKa3CKOH apMneH: KHR3H OH Ha"<IaJI c pa3pa6oTKH III:HpoKoH: rrporpaMMhi ~MHH:H­ CTpaTHBHhiX rrpeo6p a30BaHHH B Kpae H O~HOBpeMeHHO aK- THBH3HpOBaJI BOeHHhle orrepai.J;:HH npOTHB ropu;eB. 25 aBrycTa r. pyCCKOH apMHH c~aJICR B HOR6pe r. cnomHJI opymHe ero copaTHHK MyxaMe~ AMHHh . llocne~HHH KpyrrHhiH O"<Iar corrpoTHBJieHHH ropu;eB - ypO'IH:rn;e K6aa~e - 6biJI B3HT pyccKHMH BoiicKa- MH B r. MHoroJieTHHR BORHa, KOTopyro BeJia PoccHR c u;enhiO noKopeHHH KaBKa3a, 6biJia 3aKOH"<IeHa. 11Mea B ThiJIY oTHOCHTeJibHo crroKoHHhiH KaBKa3, PoccHR Morna aKTHBH3HpoBaTh CBOIO IIOJIHTHKY B Cpe~HeH: A3HH. 3a)l;auue 5 fipO"<IHTaHTe ~OKyMeHT H OTBeThTe Ha BOIIpOChi. H3 3anucox; Boennozo Munucmpa JI.. A. MuJL10muna << Haiiie MHHHCTepCTBO HHOCTpaHHhiX ~eJI C ~aBHHX BpeMeH ~epmaJIOCb B a3HaTCKOH IIOJIHTHKe CHCTeMbi naCCHBHOrO KOH- cepBaTH3Ma. 3a6oTHCh 6onee Bcero o rro~~epmaHHH ~pym6hi C AHrJIHeH, OHO IIpOTHBHJIOCb BCRKOMY HameMy ycrrexy B Cpe,ll;HeH: A3HH, ~a6hl He Bo36ym~aTh ~HIIJIOMaTH'leCKHX 3a- rrpocoB JIOH~OHCKOrO Ka6HHeTa, peBHOCTHO CJie~HBIIIero 3a Kam~hlM HaiiiHM maroM B cTerrax. CaM BHu;e-Kaau;nep A. M. rop"<IaKOB, IIO'ITH He 3aHHMaBIIIHHCR a3HaTCKHMH ~e­ JiaMH H 'lym,ll;hiH caMbiX rroBepxaocTHhiX cBe~eanH: o6 A3HH, 30
  • 32. He XOTeJI ,n:ame BHHKaTb B 06CTO.HTeJibCTBa, BbiHym,n:aBmHe HaC ITO BpeMeHH npHHHMaTb BOeHHble Mepbi Ha a3HaTCKHX Ha- illHX OKpaHHaX >}. 1. B qeM pa3JIHqHe B no,n:xo,n:ax K cpe.n;Hea3HaTcKo:H noJIH- THKe B BOeHHOM MHHHCTepCTBe H MHHHCTepCTBe HHOCTpaH- HbiX JJ;eJI? 2. lleM 6b!Jlll o6yCJIOBJieHbi 3TH pa3JIJ1qH.H? 3aAaane 6 3anOJIHHTe Ta6JIHII;Y. 3aBoeBauue CpeiJueu A3uu )J;aTa Co6blTHe 3aaqeaHe 31
  • 33. 32 38J].aHlle 7 flpOBe,ll;l'iTe JIHHH H B CXeMe . J(aJLbHeeocmottna.H noJLumwca Poccuu 1855 r . 1858 r. 1860 r. 1875 r. A.HryHCKHH ,ll.oroaop IleKHHCKHH ,ll.oroaop CHMO,li.CKHH ,li.OrOBOp IleTep6ypr- CKHH ,li.OrOBOp YcTaHOBJieHHe rpaHHII,bi c KHTaeM no peKe AMyp KypHJibCKHe ocTpoaa K ceaepy OT lfTypyoa npHa- HaHbi pOCCHHCKHM BJia,ll.e- HHeM YccypHHCKHH KpaH BOilleJI a cocTaB PoccHH CaxaJIHH npH3HaH npHHa,li.- JieJKa~HM PoccHH, a Ky- pHJibCKHe OCTpOB8 - .5Jrro- HHH § 28. PYCCKO-TYPEIJ;KA.H BORHA 1877-1878 1'1'. 3a,IJ;aHHe 1 3anoJIHHTe cxeMy. IIoaHII,HH AneKcaH,ll.pa II HBKaHyHe BOHHbi He aoeaaTb? BoeaaTbl
  • 34. 3aJJ;amte 2 3aiiOJIHHTe Ta6JIHI.I,y. Co6hlTHH Ha BanKaHax B 1875 - 1876 rr. 3aJJ;auHe 3 PeaKU:HH PoccHH ITpoBe,n;HTe JIHHHR B cxeMe, coiiocTaBRB co6hiTHH 11: rnaB- Hhie ,n;eHCTBYIO~He JIHI.I,a. Boe6bte aeucm6UR JLemoM. 1877 z. 0cBo6om,n;esHe Thlpsoso 3aXB8'1' lliHIIKHHCKOI'O rrepeBaJia B3HTHe KpenocTH HHKOIIOJih BMeCTO Il.neBHhl 3a~aHHe 4 H . II. Kp11,n;eaep H. B. I'ypKO BenHKHH KHH3b HHKona:ii HHKonaesHq HaHeCHTe Ha KapTy Ha c. 34 HaiipaBJieHHH 3HMHero Ha- CTyrrneHHH 1877- 1878 rr.: a) oTpH,n;a reHepana H. B. ryp- Ko; 6) oTpH,n;a reHepaJia M. ,ll;. CKo6eneBa. 3a,ZJ;aHHe 5 ,lJ;aliTe IIHChMeHHhle OTBeTbl Ha BOIIpOChi. 1. KaKoif xapaKTep HOCHJia pyccKo-Typei.I,KaH BORHa? 2. BhiiiOJIHHJia JIH PoccHH IIOCTaBJieHHhie 3a,n;aq11:? 3. KaKOBhi 33
  • 35. 'l I 'I ,- ,_ / - - o - 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6hiJIH rroJIOJKHTeJibHbie pe3yJibTaTbi BOHHhl? 4. Ka.KOBbi ee oT- pHn;aTeJibHbie IIOCJie,li;CTBH.H? 34
  • 36. 3 aJJ;aHlie 6 3aiiOJIHRTe CpaBHRTeJJbHYIO Ta6JJRIJ;Y. YcnoBHH Caa-CTe¢aucKoro MHpuoro ,D;Orosopa YcnoBHH BepnHHCKoro Kourpecca § 29-30. BHYTPEHH.H.H TIOJIHTHKA AJIEKCAH.l(PA III 3 aJJ;aune 1 Bbi6epnTe rrpaBRJJbHbiH OTBeT. 1. KTo oKa3biBaJJ pema10~ee BJJRHHRe ua BHyTpeHHIOIO IIOJJRTRKY AneKcaa.n;pa III: a) M . T. Jiopnc-MeJJRKOB; 6) K. n. Tio6e.n:ouocn;eB; B) RM- rrepaTpnn;a MapnH ~e.n;opoBHa? 2. K. n. Tio6e.n;OHOCD;eB 3aHRMaJJ .n;omKHOCTb: a) MRHRCTpa BHyTpeHHRX ,D;eJJ; 6) MRHRCTpa HapO,D;HOrO rrpocBe~eHRH; B) o6ep-rrpoKypopa Cnuo.n;a. 3. 0 KOM rpa<}> C. r. CTporaHOB CKa3aJI: «(0H) BCer,D;a OT- JIR'lHO 3HaeT, 'lTO He Ha,D;O, HO HRKOr,D;a He 3HaeT, 'lTO Ha,D;O»: a) o6 AneKcau.n;pe ill; 6) 0 H. n. HruaTbeBe; B) 0 K. n . no- 6e.n;ouocu;eBe? 35
  • 37. 3a,naune 2 3arrOJIHHTe Ta6JIHII,y. IloJLumwca 8 o6JLacmu npocBeU{enu.R u nel{.amu MeponpH.HTHe Ero cyTb 3a,~J;aaHe 3 1. KaKHe Mepbl no KpeCTh.R:HCKOMY Bonpocy 6hiJIH npHH.R:- Tbl B IIapcTBOBaHHe ArreKcaHApa III: a) npeKpa~eHO BpeMeHH006.R:3aHHOe COCTO.R:HHe KpeCTh.R:H; 6) CHHmeHhi BhiKYUHhie nJiaTemH; B) OTMeHeHa UOAYWHa.H UOAaTh; r) pa3peweH CB060AHbiH BhiXOA KpeCTh.R:H H3 o6~HHhi; A) o6Jier'IeHa apeHAa rocyAapcTBeHHhiX 3eMeJih; e) o6Jier'IeHa apeHAa rroMe~H'IhHX 3eMeJih? 2. roA yl!pemAeHH.R: KpeCTb.R:HCKOro ll03eMeJihHOro 6aHKa: a) 1882 r . ; 6) 1885 r.; B) 1890 r. 3. 3aKOH OT 28 AeKa6p.R: 1881 r.: a) OTMeH.R:JI BpeMeHH006.R:3aHHOe COCTO.R:HHe KpeCTh.R:H; 6) peryJIHpOBaJI apeHAHhie OTHOWeHH.R:; B) OTMeH.R:JI IIOAYWHY10 IIOAaTh. 3a.~J;aHHe 4 Bhl6epHTe rrpaBHJihHhiH OTBeT. KaKRe Mephi rrpeAYCMaTpHBaJio pa6ol!ee 3aKOHOAaTeJih- CTBo: a) 3arrpe~eHHe TPYAa AeTeii AO 12-JieTuero B03pacTa; 6) 3arrpe~euae Ho•moro TPYAa AJI.R: mea~RH H IIOAPOCT- KOB; B) 8-qacOBOM pa6o•mii AeHh; 36
  • 38. r) 3anpem;eHHe illTpa<l>HbiX CaHKD;HH K pa60'IHM CO CTOpO- Hhi X03.HeB; A) aanpem;eHHe cTa'leK; e) BBeAeHHe CTpaxOBaHH.H pa60'IHX? 3a,ll.aHHe 5 4 Ma.H 1882 r. K. n. Tio6e,n;OHOCD;eB UOJIY'!HJI OT AneK- caH,n;pa III ,n;oKyMeHThi, aBTopoM KOTopblx 6hiJI MHHHCTP BHyTpeHHHX ,n;eJI H. II. l:IrHaTheB. B TOT me ,n;eHh, BeqepoM, OH OTBeTHJI u;apro: «llpO'lHTaB 3TH 6yMarH, .H UpHilleJI B y:>KaC... » liTO CO,n;ep:>KaJIOCb B 3THX ,ll;OKyMeHTax: a) npoeKT co3biBa 3eMcKoro co6opa; 6) npoeKT KOHCTHTy- n;HH; B) nJiaH noKymeHHH Ha HMnepaTopa? 3a,ll.anue 6 3anoJIHHTe cxeMy. 3aKOH 0 3eMCKHX yqaCTKOBhiX HaqaJihHHKax ~ -------------..Ynpa3AH.HJI: CoaAB..BaJI: ..-------IlOJIHOMO'IH.H BJiaCTHh1x opraaos: 37
  • 39. 3a,IJ;anue 7 Bbi6ep:aTe npaBHJibHbiH OTBeT. 1. «<loJioJKeH:ae o Mepax K oxpaHeHHIO rocy,Z~;apcTBeH­ Horo llOpH,li;Ka H 06~eCTBeHHOI'O CllOKOHCTBHH>> OT 14 aBryc- Ta 1881 I'. ,ll;aBaJIO opaBO MHHl'ICTpy BHyTpeHHHX ,ll;eJI: a) 06'bHBJIHTb B CTpaHe qpe3Bbi"tJaHHOe IIOJIOJKeHHe; 6) 06'bHBJIHTb JII060H paHOH CTpaHbl Ha <<HCKJIIQqHTeJibHOM IIOJIOJKeHHH >} ; B) BbiCeJIHTb BCeX HHOBepu;eB H3 MOCKBbi H IleTep6ypra. 2. PeJKHM <<HCKJIIO"tJHTeJibHoro rroJioJKeHHH>> rrpe,Z~;ycMaTpH- BaJI rrpaBO a,li;MHHHCTpaiJ.HH: a) BBO,li;HTb BOeHHO-IIOJieBbie CY,ll;bl B ,ll;aHHOH MeCTHOCTH; 6) BbiCbiJiaTb JII06biX <<HeJKeJiaTeJibHbiX>> JIHII;; B) IIpHOCTaHaBJIHBaTb BhliiYCK nepHO,li;HqecKHX H3,ll;aHHH; r) 3aKpbiBaTb yqe6Hhle 3aBe,ll;eHHH; A) KOH<l>HCKOBbiBaTb He,li;BHJKHMOe HMy~eCTBO 6e3 Cy,ll;a; e) nepe,Z~;aBaTb cy,Z~;e6Hbie ,Z~;eJia B BOeHHbie cy,ll;hl. 3a,IJ;aHHe 8 Bhl6epHTe npaBHJibHbiH OTBeT. 1. ,lJ;BOpSIHCKHH 3eMeJibHbiH 6aHK 6biJI C03,ll;aH ,li;JIH: a) llOMOIII;H KaiiHTaJIH3HpyiOJII;HMCH IIOMe~HqbHM X03HH- CTBaM; 6) BbiKyiia IIOMe~HqbHX 3eMeJib; B) MaTepHaJibHOH IIO,ll;,ll;epJKKH IIOMeiii;H"tJbHX HMeHHH. 2. 3eMcKaSI H ropo,ll;cKaH pe<t>opMa Ha"tJaJia 1890-x rr.: a) COKpaTHJia JIHillHHe 3BeHbH ropO,li;CKOI'O H 3eMCKOI'O yrr- paBJieHHH; 6) YCHJIHJI3 COCJIOBHO-,li;BOpSIHCKHH 3JieMeHT B 3eMCKOM H I'OpO,li;CKOM C3MOyrrpaBJieHHH; B) yBeJIH"tJHJia rrpe,li;CTaBHTeJibCTBO CeJibCKOH H I'OpO,lJ;CKOH 6ypJKya3HH B opraHax caMoyrrpasJieHHH. 3a,IJ;aHlte 9 )l;OIIHillHTe TeKCT. Hau;HOHaJibHaH rroJIHTHKa A.n:eKCaH,lJ;pa III xapaKTepH30Ba- Jiacb_____________________________________________________ 38
  • 40. BhiJIH BBe,D;eHhl aaa'IHTeJihHhie orpaaHtieHHH ,D;JIH eapeii- CKOrO HaCeJieHHH: llpeCJie,D;OBaHHHM IIO,D;BepraJIHCh B TO me a p eMH B C p e,D;a e ii A a H H rrp a.BHTeJihCTBO rrp oao,D;H- JIO IIOJIHTHKY § 31. 3KOHOMJiqECKOE PA3BHTHE B rO,[(hl llPABJIEHHH AJIEKCAH,[(PA III 3a)J.aHHe 1 3arro JIHHTe cxeMy. Ocuoauble uanpaBJieHH.SI 3KOHOMH'IeCKOH noJIH.TRKH a 80 - 90-e rr. I I I 39
  • 41. 3a,IJ;aune 2 3aiiOJIHHTe Ta6JIHII;y. <1>. H . 0. MHHHCTpa Q>HHaHCOB 3a,naune 3 ro,IJ;bl OcaoBHbie HaXmK,Il;eHHSI HarrpaBJJeHHSI 3KOHOMHqecKOH Ha IIOCTY IIOJJHTHKH Orrpe)l;eJIHTe H 3aiiHWHTe He Meaee II.HTH oco6eHHOCTeii rrpOMhiWJieaaoro pa3BHTH.a PoccHH B Koau;e 80-x- 90-e rr. 40
  • 42. 3~aHHe 4 B 80-e rr. 6hiJUi nocTpoeHhi meJieaHo~opomHhle JIHHHH: TiepMh - EKaTepHH6ypr, CaMapa - Y<Pa, EKaTepHHOCJiaa - KpHBO~ Por, MocKBa - PHra - BHH~asa, BoJior~a - Ap- xaHreJihCK, TiepMh - KoTJiac. B 1891 r. Ha'IaJIOCh cTpoa- TeJibCTBO TpaHccH6apcKoii MaracTpaJIR. 0TMeThTe 3TH JIRHRR Ha KapTe R OTBeTbTe llRChMeHHO Ha BOllpOCbi: 1. KaK R3Me- HRJIOCh HanpaBJieHRe CTpOHTeJihCTBa meJie3HbiX ~0p0r llO cpasHeHRIO c 60- 70-MR rr.? 2. KaKOBhi RTOrR :3TOro CTpoa- TeJlhCTBa? 41
  • 43. 3a:.auue 5 HapMcyihe ,n;MarpaMMY «Pacnpe,n;eJieHHe naxoTHbiX ae- MeJib Mem.n;y aepHOBbiMM KYJibTypaMM>>. 3a~aHHe 6 0Bec, % ; nmeuHn,a, % ; pomb, % ; ,HqMeHh, o/o . 3anOJIH:HTe Ta6JIMIJ,y, BKJIIOqMB B Bee TeppHTOp:HIO BamerO npomMBaHM.H. TeppumopuaJtbHaR cnel{uaJtu3al{uR ce.tLbCICozo X03Rilcmea 42 TeppHTOpHarrbHbie paHOHbl Ha KaKHX cj x KYJibTypax ClleiJ,HaJIH3HpOBaJIHCb
  • 44. § 32-33. IIOJIOmEHHE OCHOBHhiX CJIOEB OBIII;ECTBA 3a,11,auue 1 IIpose,z~;~rTe JIHHHH, rroKa3blsarom;ne, na KaKnx cocnosnii mno <t>opMnposaune Knaccos n con;nanbHbiX cnoes HaceneHH.H s KOHn;e XIX s. .[(BOpJ'IHCTBO KynelleCTBO Me~aHCTBO KpecThJ'IHCTBo .[(yXOBeHCTBO 3a,11,aune 2 IToMe~HKH Bypmya3HJ'I ITponeTapHaT HaTeJIJIHreau;HR qHHOBHH'leCTBO O<tmu;epcTBO IIpoqnTaHTe ,u,oKyMeHT n ,u,aiiTe rrHCbMeHHhre OTBeTbi Ha BOITpOCbi. A. H. 3 nzeJl.bZap fJm . IIUCb.Ma U3 aepeenu IIuCbMO fJeBJlmoe. 1880 z. <• •••AMepnKaHen; npo,u,aeT H36biTOK, a Mhl rrpo,u,aeM Heo6- xo,u,nMhiH Hacym;HhiH xne6. AMepnKaHen;-3eMne,u,enen; caM ecT OTJIHqHbiH rrmeunqHbiH xne6, mnpHyiO BeTl!HHY H 6apaHHHy, IIheT -qaii, 3ae,u,aeT o6e,u, cna,u,KHM .H6noqHbiM rrnporoM... Ham me MymnK-3eMne,u,enen; ecT caMbiH rrnoxoii pmaHoH xne6... xne6aeT rryCTbre cepbre m;n, C"tiHTaeT pocKOmbiO rpe"tiHesyiO Kamy C KOHOIIJI.HHbiM MaCJIOM, 06 .H6JIO"t1HbiX IIHporax H IIO- H.HTH.H He HMeeT, ,U,a em;e CMe.HTbC.H 6y,u,eT, "tiTO eCTb TaKHe CTpaHhi, r,u,e HemeHKn-MymRKH .H6JioqHble rrnporn e,u,.HT ,u,a 6aTpaKos TeM me KOPM.HT. Y Hamero MymnKa-aeMne,u,enbu;a He xsaTaeT rrmeHHl!Horo xne6a ua cocKy pe6eHKy; rromyeT 6a6a pmaHyro KOpKy, "tiTO CaMa eCT, ITOJIOmHT B Tp.HIIKY COCH... ...IImeHnn;y, xopomyiO qncTyiO pomh Mhl oTrrpasn.HeM 3a rpaHHII;y, K HeMD;aM, KOTOpbie He CTaHyT eCTb BC.HKYIO ,U,p.HHb. Jly-qmyiO, l!HCTYIO pomb Mbi rrepemnraeM Ha snuo, a caMyiO qTO HH Ha eCTb IIJIOXYIO pomb, C IIYXOM, KOCTepeM, CHBII;OM H BC.HKHM OT60eM, IIOJIYlJaeMbiM rrpH Ol!HCTKe pmH ,ll,JI.H BH- HOKypeH,- BOT aTo ecT ym MYmHK. Ho Mano Toro, "tiTO My- mnK ecT caMbiH xy,u,mnii xne6, OH em;e He,u,oe,u,aeT. Ecnn ,u,o- 43
  • 45. BOJlbHO XJie6a B ,D;epeBHSIX - e,D;SIT IIO TpH pa3a. .. HaJieraiOT 60JibiiJe Ha SipOBHHY, KapTocpeJih, KOHOIIJISIHYIO jKMaKy B XJie6 rrpH6aBJI.HIOT. KoHe'IHO, jKeJiy,D;oK Ha6HT, Ho oT nJioxoii IIH~H Hapo,D; xy,D;eeT, 6oJieeT, pe6SITa pacTyT xyjKe.• • >> 1. 0 KaKHx oco6eHHOCTSIX KpecThSIHCKOH jKH3HH Bbi Y3Ha- JIH H3 ,D;oKyMeHTa? 2. Ilo'leMy p yccKHe KpecTbSIHe 6biJIH Bbi- HYjK,D;eHbi IIpO,D;aBaTb XJie6 B y~ep6 CBOeMy IIHTaHHIO? 3a,D;aBHe 3 3aiiOJIHHTe Ta6JIHII,Y. <l>yHKU.HH KpeCTb.HHCKOH 06W,HHbl Xoa.HiiCTBeHHbie Coii,HaJibHbie <I>HCKaJibHO-IIOJIHU.eHCKHe 44 lfx co,D;epmaHHe
  • 46. 3a~aoue 4 3anOJIHHTe Ta6JIRII;y. KaTeropHH ABOp.ancTBa 3a~aone 5 KTo Mor no~HTb BcTaBhTe rrporrYIJJ;eHohle B TeReTe <t>aMRJIRH. H3 Bocno.~nunanuu K . C. CmanucJtaBCKozo «.ff )KHJI B TaRoe BpeMSI, ROr)l;a B 06JiaeTR ReRyCCTBa, oa- YRH, acTeTHRH oatiaJIOCh 6oJihmoe omHBJieoM:e. KaR H3BeeT- oo, B MoeRBe aToMy oeMaJio erroco6eTBOBaJIO TOr)l;amoee MOJIO)l;Oe RyrreqeCTBO, ROTOpoe BIIepBhle BbiiDJIO oa apeoy pyeeROH )KH3HH R, oap.H)l;Y CO CBOHMR TOprOBO-rrpOMbiiDJieH- HbiMH )l;eJiaMH, BIIJIOTHYIO 3aHHTepeeOBaJIOeh ReRyeeTBOM. BoT, oarrpM:Mep, IlaBeJI MM:xaifJIOBHq C03)l;aTeJih 3HaMeHRTOH raJiepeR, ROTOpyiO OH IIO.mepTBOBaJI ropO)l;y MOCRBe. C yTpa H )l;O HO'IH pa60TaJI OH HJIH B ROHTO- pe, HJIH oa <t>a6pRRe, a BeqepaMH 3aHHMaJICSI B CBOeH raJie- pee HJIH 6eee,ll;OBaJI e MOJIO)l;biMR XY,Zl;O)KHM:RaMH, B ROTOpbiX qy.HJI TaJiaHT. l:Jepe3 rO,Zl;-)l;pyrOH RapTHHbl HX IIOIIa)l;aJIR B ra- JiepeiO, a OHH eaMH eTaHOBHJIRe:h CHaqaJia IIpOeTO H3BeCTHbi- MH, a IIOTOM 3HaMeHHTbiMH••• Cepre:H MBaHOBH'l eo6pan raJiepero <l>paon;yaCRHX Xy)l;O)KHHROB HOBOrO oarrpaBJieHHSI, Ry)l;a 6ee- IIJiaTHO )l;OIIyeRaJIHeh Bee .meJiaiO~He 3HaROMHTbCSI C )KHBO- IIRebiO. Ero 6paT, IleTp MBaHOBRq e03)l;aJI 60JibiDOH Myaeif pyeeKHX ,Zl;peBHOeTeH. An:eRCeH An:eRCaH)l;pOBHq yqpe,Zl;HJI Ha eBOH cpe)l;eTBa e)l;RHeTBeHHbiH B PoeeRH TeaTpaJibHbiH My- 45
  • 47. 3eH, C06paB B HeM TO, 'lf.TO OTHOCI1JI0Ch K pyCCKOMy 11 'laCTbiO K 3ana,ZJ;HOeBponeMCKOMy TeaTpy. A BOT e~e npeBocxo,ZJ;Ha.H qmrypa 113 cTpOHTeneii pyccKo:H KYJihTypHo:H mi13HH... H roBopro o6 H3BeCTHOM Me:u;eHaTe CaBBe HBaHOBI1'4.e - - -- - - - - - - , KOTOpbiH 6hiJI O,ZJ;- HOBpeMeHHO 11 neBil;OM, 11 OnepHbiM apTHCTOM, H pemi1CCe- pOM, H ,ZJ;paMaTyproM, H co3,ZJ;aTeJieM pyccKo:H qacTHo:H onephi, H Meo;eHaTOM B )KI1BOlli1CH... 11 CTp011TeJieM MHOrHX pyCCK11X meJie3HO,ZJ;OpOmHhiX JIHHI1H>>. 3a~aane 6 Ilp0'4.11TaHTe ,Zl;OKyMeHT H ,ZJ;aHTe llHCbMeHHbie OTBeThl Ha BOIIpOCbl. Tpe6oBanuR MOp0306CKUX pa6o~ux << 1. ...Mbi, pa6oq11e, Tpe6yeM H npOCI1M, '4.T06bi illTpaQJhl He npeBhiillaJII1 5 % 3apa6oTaHHoro py6n.H 11 qTo6hi pa60'4.11M 6hiJI npe,ZJ;ynpem,ZJ;eH o ero nnoxoii pa6oTe 11 Bhi3hiBanc.H He 6o- nee ABYX pa3 B Te'leHHe Mec.R:n;a. 2. Bhi'lf.eT 3a nporyn 'IT06hi He npeBhirnan 6onee O,ZJ;Horo py6JISI, HO C TeM, '4.T06hi H X03.HHH TaKme 6biJI 6bi 06SI3aH yn- JiaTI1Th pa6o'lf.eMy 3a nporyn, nponcxo,ZJ;.HJD;I1H no BI1He xo- 3.HHCKo:H:: KaK TO 3a npOCTOH. .. llOJIOMKI1 MalllHH H nepe,ZJ;eJI- KY OHhiX Ha ,ZJ;pyr11e pa6oThi 11 np. , 11 np. ... He MeHee copo- Ka KOIIeeK B ,ZJ;eHb HJIH ,Zl;Ba,ZJ;Il;aTI1 KOIIeeK B CMeHy. 3....l:JTo6bi Kam,ZJ;hiH pa60"'·IHH MOr IIOJIY'JHTh IIOJIHhiH pac- 'lf.eT 6e3 BCSIKOrO Bbi'l{eTa H 3a,ZJ;epmKI1, IIO 3a.R:BJieHMIO pa6o- 'l{l'IM 3a 15 ,ZJ;He:H o HemenaHHH npo,ZJ;onmaTh pa6oTy. TaKme 11 X03.HHH o6SI3aH o6'h.HBHTh pa6o'lf.eMy 3a 15 ,ZJ;He:H: o ero pacqe- Te, 11 BCe STO 3aiTI1ChiBaJIOCh 6bi B paC'leTHhle TeTpa,ZJ;11•.. 4....IlonHoe YAOBJieTBopeHI1e pa60'4.11X 3a rrporyn co ,ZJ;H.H Hameft OCTaHOBKI1, IIpOHCIDe,ZJ;rneft IIO BHHe X03.HMHa. Ilpo- ryJihHbiH ,ZJ;eHh C'li1TaTh, no npocb6e pa6oq11x, He MeHee 40 KOII. B ,ZJ;eHh. Becrrperr.HTCTBeHHbie Bhi,ZJ;a'll1 xapqe:H ,ZJ;O Tex rrop, rroKa pa- 6oqHe 6y,ZJ;yT YAOBJieTBOpeHhi B CBOI1X Tpe60BaHH.HX, 6e3 BC.H- KOM pacrri1CKH.•• TaKme 11 Ha 6y,ZJ;~ee BpeMSI.•. Bhi,ZJ;a'!a ma- JIOBaHh.H He 3a,ZJ;epm11Banach 6bi ,ZJ;anee 15-ro 11JII1 rrepByro cy6- 6oTy rrocne 15-ro. CBo6o,ZJ;HhiH Bbl6op cTapoCThl B apTen.Hx H '4.T06hl cTapoc- Ta He Mor cnymi1Th 6onee Tpex Mec.H:u;eB... YBOJIHTh OT ,ZJ;onm- HOCTe:H TeX CJiymaJD;HX H MaCTepOB, KOTOpbiX HaH,ZJ;YT Hym- HbiM pa60'll1e 11 IIOKamyT OT,ZJ;eJihHOM 3aiiHCKOH>>• 46
  • 48. 1. KaKOBbi npHqHHhl cTaqKH pa6oqHx Ha HHKOJibCKoii Ma- HYQJaKTYPe MopoaoBa? 2. Bbi,ll;.BHraJIH JIH pa6oqHe nOJIHTH- qecKHe Tpe6oBaHHH? 3. 0 qeM CBH,ll;eTeJibCTByeT CaM QJaKT Bbl,ll;BHmeHHH KOJIJieKTHBHoro Tpe6oBaHHH pa6oq~rx? 4. KaK 6hiJIH OTpameHbi Tpe60BaHHH MOp030BCKHX pa6oqHX B poc- CHHCKOM <Pa6paqHoM aaKOHO,D;aTeJibCTBe? 3a.uauue 7 3anOJIHHTe Ta6JIHI(y. H 3.M.eH.eH.U.R. 6 nOJLOJICeH.UU npa60CJLa6H.OZO oyxo6encm6a Mepbl npaBKTeJThCTBa Hx nocJie~CTBHH 47
  • 49. 3 aAaHHC 8 CocTa.BhTe TeKcT, HCIIOJih3YR npHBe~eHHhre HH.me CJIOBoco- qeTaHHR. 0TMeHa KpeiiOCTHOI'O npaBa. JlH6epaJIH3aiJ;H$1 o6pa30Ba- HH$1. ,ll;eMoKpaTH3aD;HR HHTeJIJIHI'eH.u;HH. CoxpaHeHHe cocJioB- HhiX npHBHJierHii. 0TCYTCTBHe noJIHTHqecKHX cBo6o~. YcHJie- HHe aHTHIIpaBHTeJibCTBeHHbiX HaCTpOeHHH. § 34. OBII(ECTBEHHOE ,ll;BHmEHHE B 80-90-x rr. 3aAaHIIC 1 BcTaBbTe nporrym;eHHhre B TeKcTe <PaMHJIHH. << 28 MapTa B 3aJie 3aCe~aHHH fleTep6ypi'CKOI'O Kpe~HTHO­ I'O o6m;eCTBa H3BeCTHbiH cpHJIOCOcp BhiCTy- IIHJI c JieK.u;Heii o npocBem;eHHH B PoccHH B XIX CTOJieTHH, Ha KOTopoii: npHcyTcTBOBaJio 800 qeJIOBeK. B KOH.u;e JieKD;HH OH HeOJKH~aHHO 3aRBHJI: <<CerO~H$1 CY~RT H, BepORTHO, 6y~yT ocy.m~eHhl y6HHII;hl n;apR Ha CMepTb. :0:apb MOJKeT IIpOCTHTb HX, H eCJIH OH AeHCTBHTeJibHO qyBCTByeT CBOIO CB$13b C Hapo- ~OM, OH AOJIJKeH rrpOCTHTh>> . B 3am;HTY y6HHII; BbiCTYTIHJI H B CBOeM IIHChMe K HMnepaTopy OH IIHCaJI: <<flpOCTHTe, B03~aHTe ~o6pOM 3a 3JIO, H3 COTeH 3JIO~eeB ~e­ CRTKH nepeHAYT He K BaM, He K HHM (3TO HeBaJKHO), a rre- peHAYT OT ~hRBOJia K Bory, R y ThiCR"t.J:, y MHJIJIHOHOB APOr- HeT cep~.u;e OT pa~OCTH H yMHJieHHR npH BH~e rrpHMepa ~o6- pa rrpeCTOJia B TaKyiO CTpaniHYIO ~Jl$1 CbiHa y6HTOI'O OTD;a MH- HYTY». :O:apb pacnopR~HJICR nepe~aTh rpacpy, qTo, eCJIH 6 noKy- meHHe 6biJIO COBepmeHO Ha Hel'O CaMOI'O, OH MOl' 6hi IIOMH- JIOBaTb, «HO y6HHD; OTD;a He HMeeT npaBa npOCTHTb >> . 48
  • 50. 3~aHHe 2 IlpO"'IHTaiiTe )J;OKYMeHT H )J;aihe nHCbMeHHbie OTBeThl Ha BOnpOChl. H 3 nucbMa H cnoJLnumeJLbH.ozo KoMumema <<Hapoanou BOJLU>> A.ae~ecanapy III, 10 Mapma 1881 z. ~Mhl He cTaBHM BaM ycnosn:H . IIycTh He moKnpyeT Bac H a rne npe,D;JIO)KeHHe. Ycn OBH.H, KOTOphle Heo6xo,D;HMhi )J;JI.H To- ro, "<IT06hi pesonron;noHHOe )J;BH*eHHe 3aMeHHJIOCh MHpHoif pa60TOH, C03)J;aHhl He HaMH, a HCTOpHeif. Mbl He CTaBHM, a T OJihKO HaJIOMHH3eM HX. 8THX yCJIOBHH, no HameMy MHeHHIO, )J;Ba: 1) 06IIJ;a.H a MHHCTHSI no BCeM nOJIHTH"<IeCKHM npeCTyllJie- HHSIM npomnoro speMeHH, TaK KaK 3TO 6hlJIH He npecTynne- HH.H, HO HCllOJIHeHHe rpa)K)J;8HCKOrO )J;OJira; 2) C03hiB npe,D;CTaBHTeJieif OT scero pyccKoro Hapo,D;a )J;JI.H n e peCMOTpa CyiiJ;eCTByiOID;HX $OpM rOCy,D;apCTBeHHOH H 06IIJ;e- CT BeHHOH )KH3HH H nepe,ZJ;eJIKH HX C006pa3HO C HapO)J;HhiMH )KeJiaHHSIMH. C"<IHTaeM Heo6xo,D;HMhiM HanoMHHTh, O,li;HaKO, "<ITO neranH- 3aD;H.H BepXOBHOH BJiaCTH HapO)J;HhlM npe)J;CT8BHTeJibCTBOM MO- )KeT 6hiTb )J;OCTHr HyTa JIHIDh TOr,D;a, eCJIH Bhi60pbl 6y,ZJ;YT npo- H3Be,D;eHbi cosepmeHHO cso6o,D;HO•.• A noToMy npasnTeJibCTBO )J;OJI)KHO B BH,D;e BpeMeHHOH Mephl, Bnpe)J;b )1;0 pemeHHSI aa- pO)J;HOrO co6paHH.H, ,D;OnyCTHTh: a) llOJIHYIO CB060,D;y ne"<IaTH, 6) llOJIHYIO CB060AY CJIOBa, B) llOJIHyiO CB060AY CXO)J;OK, r) CB0- 6o,D;y H36HpaTeJihHhlX nporpaMM. BoT e,D;HHCTBeHHoe cpe,D;CTBO K B03Bp3IIJ;eHHIO Pocc:~-m Ha llYTh npaBHJibHOrO MHpHOrO pa3BHTHSI. 3a.HBJI.HeM TOp)KeCT- BeHHO npe)J; JIHIJ;OM BCeH CTpaHbl H MHpa, "'ITO Hama napTHSI CO CBOeif CTOpOHhl 6e3yCJIOBHO IIO)J;"'IHHHTC.H pemeHHIO aapO,D;- HOrO C06paHHSI.•. H He n03BOJIHT ce6e HHKaKOrO H3CHJihCTBeH- HOrO npOTHBO,D;eHCTBHSI llpaBHTeJibCTBY, CaHKD;HOHBpOB3HHO- M Y aapo,D;HhiM co6paaHeM. MTaK, Bame BenH"<IeCTBO, pemaifTe. Ilepe,D; BaMH ,D;Ba ny- TH. OT Bac 3aBHCHT Bhi6op••• •>. 1. KaKOBhi Tpe6osaaH.H, npe)J;'h.HBJieHHhle HK «Hapo,D;HOif BOJIH •> AneKCaHAPY III? 2. B "<IeM ,D;BoifcTBeHHOCTh noro ,D;o- KyMeaTa? 3. 0 KaKHX npon;eccax, npOHCXO)J;HBillHX B peBO- JIIOIJ;HOHHOM )J;BH)KeHHH, CBH)J;eTeJihCTByeT 3TOT )J;OKyMeHT? 49
  • 51. 3aJJ;aHHe 3 Bbi6epHTe npaaHJibHhiH oTBeT. 1. KaK 6oJihmHHCTBO JIH6epaJIOB OTHeCJIHCb K y6HHCTBY ArreKcaa,n;pa II: a) Bbipa3HJIH COJIH,n;apHOCTb C peBOJilOI:r;HOHepaMR; 6) llpH3BaJIH npaBRTeJibCTBO npOHBHTb TBep,n;OCTb B 60pb- 6e C peBOJilOI:r;ROHepaMH; B) llpR3BaJIR npaBRTeJibCTBO ITOMRJIOBaTb u;apey6HHI:r;? 2. KaK:ae <PopMbi ,n;eHTeJihHOCTR CTaJI:a Be,n;yi.qRMH B JI:a6e- paJibHOM ,D;BRmeHHR B 80-e rr.: a) npaKTRKa << MaJibiX ,n;eJI>>; 6) no,n;aqa a,n;pecoB H neT:au;:aii Ha RMH HMnepaTopa; B) coa,n;aH:ae no,n;nOJibHhiX opraHH3au;:aii? 3. TeopHH «HeaaMeTHoro cJiymeHHH» np:aabiBaJia: a) OTKa3aTbCH OT ITOJIRTRqeCKOR ,n;eHTeJihHOCTR R OKa3bi- BaTb no,n;,n;epmKy npasnTeJihCTBY Ha cBoeM npoq>ecc:aoHaJib- HOM nonp:a1qe; 6) OTKa3aTbC$I OT ITOJIRTR"'eCKOH ,n;eHTeJihHOCTH R CITOCo6- CTBOBaTb llpOHRKHOBeHRlO JIR6epaJibHbiX :a,n;eif qepe3 ITOBCe,n;- HeBHYIO pa60TY Ha CBOeM npoq>eCCHOHaJibHOM nonpmu;e; B) nponaraH,n;:apoBaTh JI:a6epaJibHbie B3rJIH,D;hl "<Iepea TaH- Hbie o6rn;eCTBa H HeJieraJibHbie R3,D;aHHH. 3aJJ;auHe 4 ll3BeCTHO, "'TO qaCTb HapO,D;HRKOB nepeCMOTpeJia CBOR B3rJIH,D;bi :a nepemJia Ha noanu;HH MapKCR3Ma. Ern;e B <PeBpa- Jie 1881 r. Bepa 3acyJI:aq Han:acaJia IIHChMO K. MapKcy c npocb6oH: OTBeTHTb Ha Bonpoc o cneu;H<PHKe pa3BHTRH Poc- c:a:a. IIpo"'RTaHTe oTpbiBOK :aa OTBeTHoro n:acbMa K. MapKca: H 3 nucbM.a K. M ap~eca B. H. 3acyJLutt, JIoniJon, 8 M.apma 1881 z. « t{aCTHaH C06CTBeHHOCTb, OCHOBaHHaH Ha JIH"'HOM Tpy- ,n;e •. • BbiTeCHHeTCH KaiTRTaJIHCTR"'eCKOH "tJaCTHOH C06CTBeH- HOCTblO, OCHOBaHHOH Ha 3KCIIJiyaTai:r;HR qymoro Tpy,n;a, Ha Tpy,n;e HaeMHOM>> ... B aTOM coaepmarorn;eMcH Ha 3ana,n;e npon,ecce ,n;eJio n,n;eT, TaKRM 06pa30M, 0 IIpeBpam;eHHH O,D;HOH <lJOpMbl "tJaCTHOH C06CTBeHHOCTH B ,n;pyryiO q>opMy "'aCTHOH C06CTBeHHOCTH. 50
  • 52. Y pyCCKHX me KpeCTb.RH npHIDJIOCb 6bi, Ha060pOT, npeBpa- THTb HX o6~yiO C06CTBeHHOCTb B qaCTHYIO C06CTBeHHOCTb. AHaJIH3, npe.n;cTaBJieHHhiM B <<KanHTaJie>>, He .n;aeT, cJie,n;o- BaTeJihHO, ,ll;OBO,ll;OB HH 3a, HH npOTHB mH3HeCTIOC06HOCTH pyc- CKOM o6~HHhi. Ho cneu;HaJihHbie H3hiCKaHH.R, KOTOphre .a npo- ¥13BeJI Ha OCHOBaHHH MaTepHaJIOB, noqepnHyThiX MHOM H3 nepBOHCTOqHHKOB, y6e)l;HJIH MeH.R, qTo aTa o6~HHa .RBJI.ReTC.R ToqKOM onophr cou;HaJibHoro B03pom,n;eHH.R PoccHH, o,n;HaKo )l;JIH TOrO, qT06bi ORa MOrJia <lJYHKIJ;HOHHpOBaTb KaK TaKOBaH, HymHO 6hiJIO 6bi npem,n;e BCerO yCTpaHHTb TJieTBOpHbie BJIH- SIHH.R, KOTOpbiM ORa llO)l;BepraeTC.R CO BCeX CTOpOH, a 3aTeM o6ecneqHTb eM HOpMaJibHbie YCJIOBH.R CB060,ll;HOrO pa3BHTHH>> . 1. CqwTaJI Jill MapKc, qTo PoccHH o6JI3aTeJibHO ,n;oJimHa npoii:TH TOT me nyTh pa3BHTH.R, qTo H cTpaHhi 3arra,n;Hoii EB- porrhr? 2. B qeM OH BH)l;eJI cneu;mpHKY pa3BHTH.R Poccww? 3. KaKoBa B03MOmHa.a cy,n;h6a o6~HHhi B PoccHH? 3a,ZJ;aHne 5 BnHmHTe <PaMHJIHH Tpex Be,ZJ;y~wx KOHcepBaTHBHhiX .n;e.a- TeJieii 80-x rr. 51
  • 53. § 35. BHEIDH.H.H IIOJIHTHKA AJIEKCAH,ll;PA III 3aAaHHe 1 3anoJIHHTe cxeMy. OcaoBHI>Ie aa,u;aqH aaemaeH: B 80-x - aaqaJie I I B Eapone I B Cpe~aeH: A3HH I I 3aAaHHe 2 noJIHTHKH PoccHH 90-x rr. I I Ha .LI:aJibHeM BocToKe I IJpO'IHTai:i:Te ,ll;OK)'MeHT li ,n;aihe llliCbMeHHhle OTBeThl Ha BOIIPOCbl. H 3 nucb.Ma A.n.eKcaniJpa I I I pyccKo.My nocJLy 6 BepJLune zparpy II. A. llly6aJLo6y, OeKa6pb 1885 Z. <•IlpHHII; A.neKcaa.n;p BaTTea6eprcKHH - spar PoccnH, H llOKy,n;a OH 6y,n;eT TaM o;apCTBOBaTL, ero BJIHHHHe BCer,n;a 6y- ,n;eT ,n;JIH uac apam.n;e6Ho. Ero nporoHHT aerrpeMeHHO paHo HJIH rro3,n;ao. IIo.n;.n;epmHBaTL ero B .n;ocTHmeHHH o6'be,n;HHeHHH BonrapHH no.n; ero CKnrreTpoM... 3Ha'IHJIO 6LI Harpam,n;aTL ero 3a BCe ero IIOCTYIIKH, KOTOpLie 3aCJiymHBaiOT He llOO~peHHH, a HaKa3aHHH. Bnpo'leM, HHTepecLI PoccHH B aacTOH~ee ape- MH Tpe6yiOT, 'IT06hl Mhl B03,D;epmaJIRCb OT BMemaTeJibCTBa B .n;ena BanKaHcKoro rronyocTpoaa, noKy,n;a TaM He B03HHKaeT BOIIpOCOB, 6oJiee llpHMO HaC KaCaiO~HXCH>>. 1. Bo apeMH KaKHX co6hlTHH aa BaJIKaHax 6hlJIO aanzca- Ho 3TO nHCLMo? 2. Ilo'leMy AneKcaH,n;p III Ha3aan rnaay Bon- rapHH aparoM PoccHH? 3. B 'leM BLI BH,ll;HTe OTCTyrrneaHe PoccHH OT caoe:H Tpa,n;HII;HOHHoii noJIHTHKH Ha BanKaaax? 52
  • 54. 3MaRHe 3 IlpOBe~HTe CllJIOillHbl€ JIHHHH Mem~y T€MH CTpaHaMH, KO· T Ophi€ B 80-e rr. HaXO~HJIHCb B COI03HH'<J€CKHX OTHOID€HH.HX, H IIYHKTHpHble JIHHHH Mem~y Bpam~yiOID;HMH CTpaHaMH. ABcTpo-Bearpm1 Poccm1 AHrJIHJI repMaHHJI <l>paHD;HJI 3aJJ;aaae 4 3anoJIHHTe cxeMy. 1 IJ,enh 3aJJ;aBHe 5 COI03 Bb16epnTe npaBHJihHhiH OTBeT. I 3Ha"leHHe 1. OcHOBHhiMH 3~a'<JaMH Poccnn B Cpe~He:H: A3HH 6hiJIH: a) ycTaHOBJieHHe TBep~biX rpaHHD; c A<}>raHHCTaHoM; 53
  • 55. 6) 6opb6a c AHrJIHe:M: aa rrpeo6Jia.n;aHHe B A<t>raHHCTaHe; B) aaxBaT Ka6yJia. 2. B 80-e rr. K PoccHH 6hiJIH rrpHcoe.n;HHeHbi ropo.n;a (Boa- MO:>KHO HeCKOJibKO BapiiaHTOB OTBeTa): a) TerepaH; 6) MepB; B) KyniKa; r) Ka6yJI. 3. Bome.n;mHM B cocTaB PoccHH TeppHTOpHaM paapema- JIOCb COXpaHHTb: a) MYCYJibMaHcKoe BepoHcnoBe.n;aHHe II o6br<IaM; 6) pa6o- ToproBmo; B) C06CTB8HHYIO apMMIO. § 36. IIPOCBEID;EHHE H HAYKA 3a,IJ;aHHe 1 3arrOJIHHTe Ta6JIMD;Y. KpynHeilutue pyccJCue ucmopwcu Bmopoil noJLOBUHbt XIX 8. ctJ. H. 0. 0CHOBHhle BI<Jia~ IlCTOpHI<a aayqHbie TPY~hl B HCTOpH'leCI<YIO Hayi<y 3a.IJ;aaue 2 IIpoBe.n;MTe JIMHMM B cxeMe. Cpe~HHH ypoBeHh rpaMOTHOCTH aaceJieHHJI PoccHH rpaMOTHOCTh cpe~H :>KeHID;HH HaceJieHHe co cpe~HHM o6paaoBaHHeM HaceJieHHe c BhiCWHM o6paaosaHReM 54 113,1%1 121,1%1
  • 56. 3aJJ;aBHe 3 ITpHBe,zv~:Te B cooTBeTCTBHe Ta6nHn;y. Pycc~eue nymew.ecm8e1uiuKu 8mopoil noJL08U1ibL XIX 8. N!! <l>aMHJilUI N!! PaHoH uccneAOBaHHH 1 2 3 H. H . MHK.rryxo-MaK- naii: <1>. Il. JIHTKe H . M. IlpmeBaJibCKHH 3a~auue 4 3aiiOJIHHTe Ta6JIHD;Y. KaMqaTKa, qyKOTKa, o-Ba ce- BepHo:H qacTn Tuxoro OKeaHa IOro-BOCTOqHaH A3HH, ABeT- paJIHH, RoBaR rBnHeH ~eHTpaJibHaH A3HH Pa3eumue ecmecmeennbLX nay~e 80 8mopoil noJLo8une XIX 8. OTpacnb HayKH 0TKpblTHe § 37. JIHTEPATYPA H H30BPA3HTEJihHOE HCKYCCTBO 33]1;8HHe 1 Bbi6epHTe npaBHJihHhiH oTBeT. 1. OcHOBHhiM xy.o;omecTBeHHhi M HanpaBJieHHeM B JIHTepa- Type BTOpo:H noJIOBHHhi XIX B. CTaJI: a) KJI8CCHD;H3M; 6) pOMaHTH3M; B) KpHTH"<IeCKHH peaJIH3M. 2. M. E. CanTb!KOB-ll.I,e.o;pHH 6MJI HenpeB3o:H,o;eHHhiM Mac- TepoM: a) KOpOTKOI'O paCCKa3a; 6) COD;HaJihHOH C8THphi; B) JII060B- HOI'O pOMaHa. 55
  • 57. 3. <1>. M. ,I:(ocToescKHH rrop; srre~aTneHHeM .n;ena He~aesa C03,!J;aJI poMaH: a) «BeChi»; 6) «lipeCTYITJieHHe H HaKa3aHHe•>; B) «~HOT>>. 3a.n;auHe 2 IIpose,n;HTe JIHHRH B cxeMe . I<l>. M. ,ll;ocToeBCKHH I •HaKa.ayne• BepxosencKHH H. C. TypreHeB JI. H. ToncToii 3a.n;auHe 3 <•ABBa KapenHna• •BpaTbR KapaMa30Bbi• I•BocKpecenHe•l IIpo'tmTaii:Te AOKYMeHT. HHcapos JleBHH CMep,n;RKOB Hexmo.n;os Ba3apoB H3 nucMta H. E. Penww H. H. Kpa.MCICOMy, 1874 z. << •• •.ff ~eJIOBeK 60-x rop;OB, OTCTaJihiH ~eJIOBeK, ,ll;JI.H MeH.H em;e He yMepJIH Hp;eaJibi rorOJI.H, BeJIHHCKOro, TypreHeBa, ToncToro H .n;pyrHx ::ap;eaJIHCTOB. BceMH CBOHMH HHqTo»<Hhi- MH CHJieHKaMH .H CTpeMJIIOCh OJIHD;eTBOp.HTh MOM H,ll;eH B rrpaB- ,n;e; OKpymarom;a.H »<H3Hh MeH.H CJIHiliKOM BOJIHyeT, He ,n;aeT liOKO.H, CaMa UpOCHTC.H Ha XOJICT; p;eHCTBHTeJihHOCTh CJIHW- KOM B03MYTHTeJibHa, "tfT06bl CO CUOKOHHOH COBeCThiO BhllliH- BaTb y3ophi - npep;ocTaBHM aTo 6narosocnHTaHHhiM 6aphlrn- H.HM». 1. CyTh KaKoro HanpasneHH.H B HCKYCCTBe BhlpamaroT aTH cnosa? 2. B KaKHX KapTHHax H. E. PenHH Han6onee .HpKo Bblpa3HJI «npas,n;y »<H3HH»? 56
  • 58. 3a.n;aaHe 4 BcTaBbTe npony~eaable s TeKcTax cpaMHJHIH xy,n;mKHHKOB H H83B8HHR HX UpOR3Be,D;eHHH. 1) III:apoqa:Hmyro H3BeCTHOCTh noJiy'IKJia Kapnma A. K. Caspacosa « •>. 8TO npOH3Be,D;eHHe 6hiJIO BOCUpHHRTO KaK THUH'leCKOe Bbipa- meaHe pyccKoro ne:H3ama. B KapTHHe CJIHJIHCh 3a.n;ymesaocTh aeRpKOH pyCCKOH UpHpO,ll;hl cpe,n;HeH UOJIOChl C JII060BhiO K Heii xy,n;oJKHHKa. CKpOMHOCTR cromeTa cooTseTcTsyeT cKpoM- aaR II,BeTOB8R raMM8, 6oraT8R OTTeHK8MH, UOJIYTOH8MH, ,li;BH- JKeHHeM CBeTOTeHH, TOHKO BOCC03,li;8IOID;HMH BeCeHHee npo- 6ym,n;eHHe npHp O,ll;hi. 2) IlpeKpacH hl ero nopTpeThi p yccKHx meHm;H H. Ho cpe- ,li;H HHX Bhi,D;eJIJieTCJI << >> • Ha cpoae 6JieKJio ro OT Mopo3a o:H ,ll;hiMKH, yxo,n;Rm;ero s,n;aJih HeBCKOrO n p ocneKTa CH,li;HT, CJierKa npHCJIOHHBillHCb K CUHH- Ke KOJIRCKH, Bhl3biB8IOID;e Kp8CHB8R, ysepeHH8R B ce6e, rop- ,n;eJIHB8R pyccKaR KpacasHu,a s .n;oporHx Mexax H 6apxaTe. lf3hiCK8HHOCTh ee O,D;eRHHR OTTeHReT CTpayCOBOe nepo H8 IllJIRne H M8CCHBHbiH 6 p aCJieT Ha 38URCTbe. 06pa3 CJIOji(Hbi H, HeO,li;H03H8'IHhi H, HO, 6eccnopHO, CyMeJI BOITJIOTHTh B UOpTpeTe COBepmeHCTBO rop,n;eJIHBOH JKeHCKOH K paCOThl. § 38. APXHTEKTYPA, MY3biKA, TEATP, HAPO,IJ;HOE TBOPqECTBO 3a.n;auae 1 BcTaBhTe npony~eaHyro s TeKcTe cpaMHJIHIO H H HHII,HaJihi KOMU03HTOpa H ,li;8HTe UHChMeHHhle OTBeThl Ha BOUpOCbl. «C8MhiM ,li;OJirOBe'IHhiM H UJIO,li;OBHTbiM H3 'IJieHOB KpymKa OK838JICR • ••Ilo.n;o6ao .n;pyrHM 'IJie- H8M <<KY'IKH>> ••• ,li;OJirO OCT8B8JICR C8M0Y"'I{KQH. Q qeah CKOpO, O,li;H8KO, OH neperHaJI CBOHX TOBa- pHm;eii, H8ITHCaB CHMcpOHHIO (1865) - nepByiO pyCCKyiO CHM- cpOHHIO, HMes myro 60JibillOH ycnex y ny6JIHKH.• • 3a CHM- cpOHHeH C He06bl'laHHOH 6hi CTpOTOH ITOCJie,li;OB8JIH cpa3y T8KHe Kpynahle sem;H, KaK MY3hiKaJihHaR KapTHHa « Ca,n;KO •> (1866), BTOpaR CHMcpOHHR «AHT8p» (1868) H, H8KOHeii,, II,eJiaR onepa «IlCKOBRTRHKa•> ••• (1868- 1871). Pa6oTocnoco6aocTh 57
  • 59. cpe,ll;H 'IJieHOB << KY'IKH », IIHCaBillHX MY3biKY He TOpOII.HCh, Mem,ll;y ,ll;eJIOM, - y 6biJia COBepmeHHO HCKJIIO'l:HTeJibHa.H. • • <<MaHCKa.H HO'lb>> (1878) :H OC06eHHO <<CHerypO'IKa» (1880), Haii:HCaHHa.H B He- CKOJibKO MeC.HD;eB ••. 03HaMeHOBaJIH ero IIOBOpOT B CTOpOHy aapo)J;Horo rreceHHoro KYJibTa. <•CTbi,li;HO rrpH3HaTbC.H, 3aB:H,ll;O- Ban •> , - rrHcan o <• Caerypo"t.J:Ke •> "lfaiiKOBCKHH >> . II. H. Mu.ll-J01W6. 0'-LepKu no ucmopuu pyccKou KY.IlbmypbL 1. 0 KaKOM KpymKe H,ll;eT pe'lh B TeKCTe? 2. C KaKOH n;eJibiO OH 6biJI C03,ll;aH? 3. Ka.KoB 6hm ero cocTaB? 3a,Z~;auue 2 1. KaKHe 3,ll;aHH.H :H3o6pameHhi aa cpoTorpacpH.HX Ha c . 59? 2. KaKHMH apx:HTeKTopaMH OHH 6biJIH C03,ll;aHbi? 3. B Ka.KOM apXHTeKTypHOM CT:HJie OHH BbiiiOJIHeHbi? 3a,Z~;auue 3 KaKHe HapO,ll;Hhie MeJIO,ll;HH HCIIOJih30BaJIH B CBOHX IIpOH3- Be,ll;eHH.HX BeJIHKHe pyCCKHe KOMII03 HTOpbl BTOpOH IIOJIOBHHbl XIX B.? Coe,ll;HHHTe JIHHHSIMH. A. C. )J.aprOMhr:>KCKHH. ~BapH~HR ~JIH OpKeCTpa~ H. A. PnMcKn:H-Kopca.KoB. Orrepa «3oJIOTOH rreTyllloK• II. H. qaHKOBCJ<HH 4-H CHM<lJOHHH 58 ~Bo rroJie 6epe30HbKa CTOHJia>> «BHH3 ITO MaTymKe no BoJire~
  • 60. 59
  • 61. 3aAaHHe 4 Pa3ra,n;aiiTe KPOCCBOp,ZJ;. ITo ropn30HTaJni: 1. Bhi,ZJ;aro~niicH TeaTpaJibHhiH apTHCT. 3. Bhi,ZJ;aro~aHCH pyccKaH aKTpHca. 5. ITbeca A. H. OcTpoBc- Koro. 6. ITbeca A . H. OcTpOBCKOro. 7. rJiaBHaH repOIIH$! rrheCbi A. H. OcTpoBcKoro. 8. CaMbiii: rrorryJIHpHbiH ,ZJ;paMaTH- tJeCKHii TeaTp. ITo BepTHKaJII-r: 2. ,n:paMaTypr. 4. rJiaBHaH repOHHH IIbeCbi <<BecrrpH,ZJ;aHHHD;a>>. 2 3a)l;aHHe 5 3aiJOJIHHTe Ta6JIHD;Y. 4 5 7 XyiJo;JH;ecmBennbte npOMbtC.fl.bt MecTopacuoJioa<eHHe 0IIHCaHHe IlpOMbiCJia ,il;LIMKOBO ra<eJib 60 H3,ll;eJIHH
  • 62. flpoiJOJI.:JICeH.Ue MecTopacrrono»<eaHe OrrHCa.BHe H3AeJIBH IIpOMblCJia XoxnoMa CeprHeB Iloca,A IlaBJIOBCKHH Iloca,A Ilanex § 39. BbiT: HOBbiE qEPTbl B JKH3HH rOPO,l(A H ,l(EPEBHH 3a,~~;auue 1 IlpH,ll;J'M8H Te CBOIO CHCTeMy 0603HaqeHHH H OTMeTbTe Ha KapTe: 1. ropo)l;a, HaCeJieHHe KOTOpbiX K KOH~Y XIX B . npeBbi- CHJIO 1 MJIH qeJIOBeK. 2. CaMyiO npOTH:>KeHHYIO B Mnpe Tenerpaqmyro JIHHHIO. 3. ropO,ll;a, CBH3aHHbi e Me»<,ll;Y C060H TeJie<t>OHHbiMH JIHHH- HMH . 4. ropo,ll;a, HMeBmHe K KOH~Y XIX B . 3JieKTpnqeCKHH Tpru~cnopT ( TpaMBaii) . 3a,~~;auue 2 Bbx6epHTe npaBHJibHbiH OTBeT. 1. C KOH~a 70-x rr. XIX B. yJIH~bi IleTep6ypra ocBem;a- JIHCb : a ) KepOCHHOBbiMH <l>OHapHMH; 61
  • 63. 6) ra30BbiMH QJOHap.HMH; B) ::meKTpH'leCKHMH QJOHap.HMH. 2. IlepBbie TeJieQJOHHble JIHHHH no.HBHJIHCb B PoccHH B: a) 1878 r . ; 6) 1882 r.; B) 1891 r. 3. IlepBbiH TpaMBaii no.HBHJIC.H B PoccHH B: a) 1883 r.; 6) 1890 r.; B) 1892 r. 3a,ll,auae 3 B CB.H3H c pa3BHTHeM KYJibTyphl, H3MeHeHH.HMH B HH<t>op- Maii,HOHHoii, TpaHcnopTHOH, QJHHaHCOBOH R TOprOBOH CHCTe- MaX B KpynHbiX ropo,n;ax nO.HBJI.HIOTC.H HOBbie o6~eCTBeHHble 3,ll;aHH.H. Ilepe'lHCJIHTe KaKHe: 3a,ll,aHIIe 4 IlpO'lHTaHTe OnHCaHHe Tpane3 H Onpe,n;eJIHTe, 0 KaKRX CJIO.HX HaCeJieHH.H H,ll;eT pe'lb. 1) A eJIH-TO KaKI CHa'laJia no,n;a,n;yT COJIOHHHY c xpeHOM H KBaCOM, nOTOM ~H HJIH noxJie6Ky C rOB.H,li;HHOH, a TaM ma- peHbiH KapTO!l>eJib C t.IeM-HH6y,n;b, rpe'lHeByiO Karny C MaCJIOM, nOTOM nrneHHYIO Kaiiiy C Me,li;OM, 'leM TOr,n;a H 3aKaH'lHBaJIC.H o6e,n;••• E,n;.aT MOJI'la, 3a roB.a:,n;HHY B xJie6oBe npHHHMaiOTC.H no yCJIOBJieHHOMY 3HaKy - CTapiiiHH B apTeJIH nOCTY'lHT JIOmKOH no CTOJIY - H CTaHYT 6paTb Hape3aHHyro rOB.H,li;HHy, a ,li;O TeX nop HRKTO He CMeeT K HeH npHKOCHYTbC.H. 2) KopMHJIH Hac O'leHb nJioxoii nmn;eii, ,n;a H TO Bnporo- JIO,n;h; KTO no60H'lee, TOT BbinpaiiiHBaJI y 6yQJeT'lHKa XJie6a, KOr,n;a ym O'leHb no,n;BO,li;HJIO mHBOT. 06e,n; COCTO.HJI H3 Tpex 6JIIO,n;: nJIOXHX ID;eH H3 Cepoii: KanyCTbl, K KOTOpbiM Bbi,ll;aBaJI- C.H KYCOK rOB.H:,li;HHbl BeJIH'lHHOH B KBa,n;paTHbiH BepmOK H TOJIID;HHOIO B 06biKHOBeHHbiH 6JIHH, H3 Tpex KapTo!l>eJIHH H H3 cynoBOH JIOmKH KaiiiH, eJie npoMaCJieHHOH; 3a ymHHOM ,n;Ba 6Jiro,n;a - 6e3 KapTo<t>eJI.H. YTpOM noJiaraJIOCb no Kpym- Ke 'laiO H no 6yJIKe, a .•. B n.HTb 'lacoB Be'lepa yme no o,n;Hoii 6yJIKe. 62
  • 64. 3) PoBHO B 12 pa3,D;aBan:cs.r 3BOH ae6oJihmoro KOJIOKOJia, no.n;Bemeaaoro aa ,D;Bope... n Bee mJIR B JIIO.D;CKyro o6e.n;aTh. CR.D;eJIR 3a CTOJIOM ae.n;oJiro. EJIR oan M.HCHhle ~n c Kameil, RJIR Jianmy, RJIR KapTo<t>eJihHYIO noxJie6Ky. .. ITo BOCKpe- c eHh.HM R ,D;pyrHM npa3,D;HRKaM OHR eJIR <<JKapKOe>) - Te- JI.HTRHY RJIR CBRHRHy; 3anet:IeHHYIO B orpOMHOM ropmKe nmeHHYIO Kamy, KOTOpyiO 3aJIRB8.JIR MOJIOKOM. 4) TyT JKe Ha nJio~a.n;n, no.n; OTKphiThiM He6oM, CTO.HJIR He60JihillRe CTOJihl R CKaMeHKK, rp.H3Hhle, BCer.n;a 3aJIRThle KymaaheM n pa3HhiMR o6'he,D;KaMR. 3.n;ech u;eJihiH .n;eHh npo- ncxo.n;nJia KOpMeJKKa... 3a ,D;Be KOlleHKH MOr llOJIY'IRTh MRC- Ky rop.Ht:IRX ~eH R KYCOK 'IepHOrO XJie6a. .. TYT JKe CTO.HJIO HeCKOJihKO pa3HOC'IRKOB C He60JihillRMR JIOTKaMH C JieJKaB- illRMR Ha HHX BapeHhiMH py6u;aMK, ne'IeHKOH, KOJI6aCOH K o6pe3KaMR M.HCa R CaJia, Ha3biBaeMhiMH <<C06at:IbeH pa- ,ll;OCThlO>). 5) ~eJioBeK BoceMHa.n;u;aTH CH,D;eJio 3a CTOJIOM. IIo.n;aBaJI 6JIIO,D;a JiaKeH BO <t>paKe, B 6eJibiX HHT.HHhiX nept:IaTKax, 3a HHM CJie,D;OBaJia ropHHt:J:Ha.H B KOpH'!HeBOM mepCT.HHOM nJiaTbe, B 6eJIOM <t>apTyKe - O'IeHh Hap.H,D;HOM, C 060pKaMH R llpOillRBKaMK, - ORa 06HOCHJia COyCaMK H llO,D;JIHBKaMK. 3a 3aBTpaKOM noJiaraJIOCh ,D;Ba 6JIIO,D;a - nepBoe M.HCHOe (pOCT6H<t>, 6H<t>mTeKC, M.HCHhie KOTJieThi C COOTBeTCTBYIO~KM rapHapoM) HJIH phl6a (6eJiyra, oceTpRHa, HaBara); Ha BTopoe 'ITO-HH6y,D;h MYl:JHOe: TBOpO»<HRKR, 6JIKH'IKKK. 3a o6ep;OM TpH 6JIIO,D;a: cyn C llHpOJKKaMH, Ha BTOpoe - JKapeHhiH ryCh, yT- Ka, Kypa (no BOCKpeceHh.HM pSI6'IKKK KJIH KH,D;eHKa), Ha T p e The - rypheBa Kama, B03,D;yillHhiH napor, llJIOM6Hp, MO- poJKeHOe. Ha CTOJie CTOHJIR TPK 6yThiJIKK c BRHOM - nopT- BeiiH, Ma.n;epa R Kpacaoe - 6op.n;o. BoraToe Kyne'IeCTBO - ___________________ ; ropo.n;cKHe apTeJib H3B03'IRKOB Ha'IaJihHOe Yl:JKJIK~e ,ll;JIH Kyne'IeCKHX HH3hl ChiHOBeH npacJiyra B 6oraTOM ,ll;OMe- 3a;.I.aHHe 5 H3 npe.n;JioJKeaooro nepet:IH.H Bhi6epHTe To, 'ITO HOCKJIH KpecThHHe BO BTopoH: noJIOBHHe XIX B. 1. ApM.HK. 2. Mya.n;Hp. 3. Py6axa. 4. IIa.n;JKaK. 5. ¢paK. 63
  • 65. 6. IIopTbi. 7. CIOpTyK. 8. IIo,zu:~enKa. 9. "lly:U:Ka. 10. JlanTH. 11. CanorH. 12. lliTH6JieThl. 3~aHHC 6 IIpone,n;HTe JIHHHH B cxeMe. ~ocyz ocH06HbtX CJWe6 nace.ll.eftU.R. 60 6mopoil no.ll.o6une XIX 6. Mrpa n KapTbi lloce~eaHe TeaTpon MacKapa.n;bi BoraToe KyneqecTno lloce~eHHe peCTOpaHOB Me~a.He lleTyUHIBbie 60H Xopono.n;bi KaTaHHe aa caagx KpecTb$lHe llyTemeCTBH$1 3a rpaHHD,Y
  • 66. 8 y'le6HO-MeTOAM'IeCKMH KOMnneKT BXOAtn: eAaHMnoa A.A., KocynMHa ll.r . - «II1CTOPII1Sl POCCII1111. XIX seK». 8 Kllacc. • AaHMnoa A.A., KocynMHa ll.r . - ccHCTOPMH Poc- CMM. XIX aeK». Pa6o'laH TeTpaAb. 8 Knacc. B 2-x '13CTHX• • AaHMnoa A.A. - noypOYHbl9 pa3pa60TKII1 Kyye6Hii1KY «II1CTOP111Sl Pocc111111. XIX seK». 8 Kllacc. --~-llPOCBEIIJ;EHHE MIAAflJIICTIO