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    8 irrt1 d-k 8 irrt1 d-k Document Transcript

    • A. A. AaHMnOB n. r. KocynMHa
    • A. A. )J.aH~JlOB 11. r. Kocyn~Ha HCTOPHH POCCHH XIX seK Pa6o'laSI rerpCJAb 8 Kllacc noco61.1e AJlfl yYau.t.L.1xcs:~ o6w.eo6pa3osaTe1lbHbiX yYpe>KAeHL.117! B 2 yacTs:~x 'iaCTb 1 12-e u3iJanue MOCKBa «npocse~eHI1e» 2012
    • Y,D;K 373.167.1:94(47) BBK 63.3(2)5H72 ,[(18 ISBN 978-5-09-026559-1(1) © Ha~aTeJibCTBO •llpocBe~eHHe•, 2007 ISBN 978-5-09-026560-7(o6~.) © Xy~omecTBeHHOe ocpopMJieHHe. Ha~aTeJibCTBO • llpocBe~esHe•, 2007 Bee opaBa aa~H~eHbl
    • § 1. BHYTPEHH.H.H IIOJlUTHKA AJIEKCAH,li;PA I B 1801-1806 rr. 3~aBHe 1 Bbi6epHTe rrpaBHJibHbiH OTBeT. IIpH BCTyrrJieHHH Ha rrpecTOJI AneKcaH,ll;p I o6e~aJI cJie,ll;o- BaTb IIOJIHTHqecKOMY Kypcy: a) IIeTpa I; 6) IIeTpa III; B) EKaTepHHbi II; r) IIaBJia I. 3~auue 2 YKamHTe HeBepHbiH OTBeT. B cocTaB HerJiacHoro KOMHTeTa BXO,li;HJIH: a) II. A. CTporaHoB; 6) H. H. HoBOCHJibii;eB; B) A. A. ApaKqeeB; r) A. A. ~apTopbiHCJmM:; ,ll;) B. II. Ko'-Iy6e:H. 3a,ll.aaue 3 IIepel.IHCJIHTe BamHeHmHe pecpopMaTOpCKHe rrpe,li;JIO»<eHHH HerJiacHoro KOMHTeTa. 3a,ll.auue 4 KeM H o KOM HarrHcaHbi 3TH cTpOKH? CrrpaBe)J;JIHBhl JIH OHH? IIo'-IeMy? MorJIH JIH 3TH cTpOKH 6biTb HarrHcaHbi B 1801- 1806 rr.? ~eM 3TO MO)KHO 06'bHCHHTb? 1* BJiaCTHTeJib cJia6biH H JiyKaBbiH, IIJieillHBbiH ~erOJib, Bpar Tpy)J;a, Hel.laHHHO rrpHrpeTbiH cJiaBo:H, Ha,ll; HaMH u;apcTBOBaJI TOr)l;a. 3
    • 3a,ZJ;aaue 5 Ha30BHTe rroJiomHTeJibHhle H OTPHII.aTeJibHhre q epTbi xa- pa.KTepa HMrrepaTopa ArreKcaH.n;pa I. IIonomHTe.IIbable qepThi 3a.ZJ;aHue 6 3aiiOJIHHTe Ta6JIHII.Y. P ef/Jop;;na 1·tapoih-wzo npocBell-'tenu.R 1803 z. IlpHqHHbl Co.n;epma.aHe IIocne.n;cTBHSI 3a.ZJ;aHue 7 l:{TO Bhl 3HaeTe 06 STHX ,ZJ;esrTeJISIX? <t>. Jlaraprr - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - -- 4
    • II. A . CTporauos __________________ H . H . HosocHJihn;es - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A. A. "llapTophiHCKHH ___________ ___ _ _ B. II. Ko'ly6e:H: _______ ___________ 3a,lJ;aHHe8 KaK H3MeHHJIHCh <lJYHKD;HH BhiCIIIHX oprauos rocy.n;ap- CTBeuuoro ynpasJieHH.H B 1802 r.? KaKHe H3 opraHOB 6hiJIH co3,n;aHhi snepBhie? CeHaT - ---------------------- - KoMHTeT MHHHCTpos _________________ ~HHHCTepCTBa _ _ __________________ 5
    • § 2. BHEffiHHH llOJIHTHKA B 1801-1812 rr. 3a,u.aHu e 1 Bb16epHTe rrpaBHJibHbiH OTBeT. B 6HTBe rro.u; AycTepJIHJ.J;eM pyccKHMH soilcKaMH KOMaH- .u;osaJI: a) A. B. Cysopos; 6) M. H . KyTy30B; a) II. A. PyM.siH:u;es; r) II. H. BarpaTHOH. 3a,u.aHHe 2 06'hHCHHTe 3HaqeHHe rroHHTHH. KoaJIHJ.J;HH ----------------------------------------- K oHTHHeHTaJibHaH 6JioKa.u;a ------------------------- CenM ---------------------------------------------- CaMoyrrp asJieHHe ----------------------------------- 3a,u.aHue 3 06'hHCHHTe HeH36em.HOCTb pa3pbiBa <}lpaHKO-pyCCKOI'O C0- 1033 B 1809 r. H rrepeqHCJIHTe ero rrp~HHbl . 6
    • 3a,naune 4 HcrroJih3YSI MaTepHan yt:J:e6HHKa, OTMeTbTe Ha KapTe n;H<t>paMH rrocJie,n;oBaTeJihHOCTh rrpHcoe,n;HHeHHSI K PoccHH ae- MeJih Ha KaBKaae B Hat:J:ane XIX B. Ja1aune 5 HcnoJih3YSI aHaHHSI H3 Kypca HCTOPHH HoBoro BpeMeHH, 33llOJIHHTe Ta6JIHD;Y. Cocmae anmut/Jpanl{y3cKux KOaJ/.uq,uu KoanHD;HH rop;bl CocTaB IlepBaJI BTopaJI TpeTbJI qeTBepTaJI 7
    • 3aA8BHe 6 3aiiOJIHHTe Ta6JIHII,Y. 3nallenue TUJLb3UmCICOZO .Mupa 1807 z. aJLJ£ Poccuu HeraTHBHbie nocneACTBHH 3aA8HHe 7 3aiiOJIHHTe T86JIHn,y. fi03HTHBRhle OOCJieACTBHH B ounbt Poccuu c Typ4ueu u HpanoM 6 nallaJLe XIX 6. B o:Ha a c Typ~e:H B o:HRa c H paaoM fipH'-IHHbl KoMaHAYlO~He pyccKOH apMHeH "YCJIOBHH 38KJI10- 'ieHHH MHpa § 3. PE<bOPMATOPCKA.H ,ll;E.HTEJibHOCTb M. M. CllEPAHCKOrO 3aA8HIIe 1 llepeqHCJIHTe OCHOBHhle BeXH IIOJIHTH'ieCKOH 6Horpa~HH M.M. CrrepaHcKoro B 1801- 1812 rr. l..!eM Bhi MomeTe o6'h- HCHHTb ycnex ero llOJIHTHqecKOH K8pbepbi? 8
    • 3a,ZJ;aHHe 2 Ilo.IJ.rOTOBbTe .IJ.OKJia,n; Ha TeMy <<PecpopMbi M. M. Cnepaa- CKoro>>. CocTaBhTe pa3aepayThlH nJiaH .IJ.OKJia,n;a. 3a)l;auue 3 YKamnTe rJiaaayro, c aameii TOqKn 3peHIUI, qepry npoeK- Ta rroJIHTnqecKHX pecpopM CrrepaacKoro. B qeM cocTOHJIO ee oco6oe 3Haqeane .IJ.JIH Poccnn? 3a,ZJ;aHHe 4 3aiiOJIHHTe Ta6JIHII;Y. lloJLumuttec~eue perpopMbl M . M. Cnepanc~eozo OcnoBHhle IlOJIO:>KHTeJibHhie 0TpHIJ.aTeJibHble IIOJIO:>KeHHJI CTOp OHhl CTOpOHhl 9
    • 3a~aHHe 5 KaKHMH !l>YHKD;H.HMH, corJiacuo rrpoeKTY M. M. Crrepau- cKoro, ,n;oJI:m:Hhl 6hrJIH o6Jia,n;aTh: CeuaT ------------------------------------------------- rocy,n;apCTBeHHa.H ,n;yMa _______________________________ rocy~apCTBeHHhlH COBeT -------------------------------- MHHHCTepcTBa ----------------------------------------- 3a~auue 6 Bhl6epHTe rrpaBHJihHhiH OTBeT. Ilo aaMhlCJIY M. M. CrrepaHcKoro PoccH.H ,n;oJI:m:Ha 6hiJia CTaTb: 10 a) CaMo,n;ep:>KaBHOH MOHapXHeH; 6) KOHCTHTYD;HOHHOH MOHapxHeH; B) rrapJiaMeHTCKOH MOHapxHeH; r) pecrry6JIHKOH.
    • 3~aHne 7 Ha OCHOBe MaTepHaJia Y'!e6HHKa COCTaBhTe CXeM)' BbiCIIIHX opraHOB rocy,D;apcTBeHHOH snacTH PoccHH H Hx saaMMO,D;eii- cTBH.H no rrpoeKTY CrrepaHcKoro. 3a,l];aruie 8 3anOJIHMTe T36JIHD;Y. IIputtU1-tbt u nocJLeiJcm6uJl omcma6Ku M. M. CnepancKozo flpH'<IHHbl flocJie,D;CTBHH 11
    • 3aJJ;aHHC 9 3anOJIHRTe Ta6JIHD;Y. c!>yn1e4UU M.unucmepcmB Ha3aaaue MHHHCTepcTaa !l>yHK~HH Boeaaoe MHHHCTepcTBO ~OpCKOe MHHHCTepCTBO ~HHHCTepCTBO HHOCTpaHHblX ,n;eJI ~HHHCTepCTBO IOCTH~HH ~HHHCTepCTBO BHyTpeHHHX ,n;eJI ~HHHCTepCTBO lPHHaHCOB ~HHHCTepCTBO aapo,n;aoro npocaem;eaHSl ~KHHCTepCTBO KOMMepD;HH 12
    • § 4. OTEqECTBEHHA.H BOiiHA 1812 r. 3a~anue 1 Bbi6epHTe npaBHJihHhiH OTBeT. rnaBHblH y,n;ap H anoJieOH HanpaBHJI na: a) CaHKT-IleTep6ypr; 6) MocKBy; B) KHeB. 3a~anHe 2 CooTnecHTe rrpaBHJihHO. Ko.M.anaoBanue pyccKoil ap.M.uu 8 na'la.Jte Ome'lecmBenuoil BOUHbt 1812 z. r JiaBHOKOMa.H,li;YIOID;HH KoMB.H,n;yrom;Hii 1-ii apMHeii KoMan,n;yrom;Hii 2-ii apMHeii KoMa.H,n;yrom;Hii 3-ii apMHeii M. B. BapKnaii-,n;e-ToJIJIH ArreKcau,n;p I 3a~anHe 3 Bhr6epHTe rrpaBHJihHhiH OTBeT. A. II. TopMacoB II. H. BarpaTHOH 3HalieHHe CMOJieHCKOrO cpa.meHH.R: COCTOHT B TOM, liTO: a) OKa3aJIC.R: copBB.H rrepBoHaliaJihHhiH 3aMblcen Hanoneo- ua 0 pa3rpoMe ITOO,li;HHOliKe 1, 2 H 3-ii apMHH; 6) OCHOBHhie CHJibi q>paHIJ;y3CKOH apMHH 6biJIH pa3rpoM- JieHhi; B) pyccKoii apMHH y,n;anoch OTCTO.R:Th CMoneucK; r) pyccKa.R: apMH.R: nepemna B KOHTpuacTynneHHe. 3aJ]:anHe 4 ITo KapTe ua c. 14 OTMeThTe MecTa cocpe,n;oTot:IeHH.R: pyc- CKHX apMHH HaKaHyHe nanoJieOBOBCKOrO BTOp.meHH.R: H ,n;eiicTBH.H cTopon ,n;o Bopo,n;HBCKoro cpa.meHH.R:. 3 a)l:auue 5 B bi6epHTe npaBHJihHhiH OTBeT. Bopo,n;HncKoe cpa.menHe 3aKOHt:IHJIOCh: a) rro6e,n;oii pyccKoii apMHH; 6) nopa.meHHeM pyCCKOH apMHH; B) TeM, liTO He npHHeCJIO no6e,n;bl HH O,li;HOH H3 CTOpOH; r) OTCTynJieHHeM q>paHD;Y3CKOH apMHH. 13
    • 3aJJ.aHHe 6 PacnoJIO.>KHTe B xpoHoJiorHtieCKoi1 nocJie.n;oBaTeJihHOCTH co6hiTHH 0TetieCTBeHHoi1 BOHHhi 1812 r.: a) Bopo.n;HHCKoe cpa.meHne; 6) Ha3HatieHHe KyTy3oBa rJiaBHOKOMaH.n;yrom;nM; B) CMoJieHcKoe cpa.meHne; r) nepenpaBa qepe3 Bepe3:Fmy; .n;) cpa.meHne no.n; MaJioHpocJiaB~eM. 3a,ll,aHHe 7 YKa.mHTe HeBepHbiH OTBeT. CaMbiMH H3BeCTHhiMH pyKoBo.n;nTeJIHMH rrapTH3aHCKOH 6oph6hl 6hiJIH: 14 a) ,n:. 11. .D:aabi,LI;OB; 6) A. C. <f>HrHep; B) IT. 11. BarpaTHOH; r) B. Ko.mnHa.
    • 3a,IJ;aHBe 8 Bhi6epRTe npaBRJihHhiM oTBeT. rJiaBHaSI IIPR~RHa rro6e,n;bl Hap; Harr:oJieOHOM: a) BCeHapO,ll;HbiM, OTeqecTBeHHbiM xapaKTep 6opb6bi; 6) IIO,ll;,ll;epmKa COI03HbiX CTpaH; B) cypoBaSI 3RMa; r) SKOHOMR~ecKaSI MOID;h PoccRR. 3a,!J;auue 9 Ha cxeMe Bopo,n;RHCKoro cpameHRSI c,n;eJiaiiTe aeo6xo,n;R- Mbie IIO,li;IIRCR K YCJIOBHbiM 0603HaqeHRSIM. -~ -~ -.( -•••••• •••••• 15
    • 3a.n;aHHe 10 Ilo.zv·oToBLTe .n;oKJJa.A Ha TeMy •fepo:a 0Te'IeCTBeHHOH Bo:H- Hhl 1812 r. ». CocTaBbTe pa3BepHyTLIH IIJiaH .n;oKna.n;a. 3anaHHe 11 B 'IeM Bbl BH)l;HTe ITpH'IHHbl TOrO, 'ITO, B OTJIH'IHe OT .n;py- rHX 38H.HThiX <:j:lpaau;y3CKHMH BOHCKaMH eBpone:HcKHX cTo- JIHII;, MocKBa oKa3anacL COJKJKeHHOH :a pa3rpa6neHHo:H? 3a.n;amle 12 ,lJ;aiiTe onpe.n;eJieHH.H ITOH.HTHH. llH<:j:laHTepH.H ---------------------------------------- Onon'IeH:ae ------------------------------------------ q)ypaJK ____________________________________________ q)nern:a ______________________________________________ Pe.n;YT ___________________________________________ IlapTH3aH ------------------------------------------- 16
    • § 5. 3AI'PAHII'lJ:HhlA: TIOXO,ll; PYCCKOH APMHH. BHEIDH.H.H TIOJIHTHKA B 1813-1825 rr. 3a,ZJ;aaue 1 Bbi6epnTe npaBHJihHhiH OTBeT. fJiaBHOH 3a.ZJ;a~e:i1: 3arpaa~aoro noxo,ZJ;a 1813--1814 rr. 6hiJIO: a) 3aBepmeane pa3rpoMa apMHH H anoJieoaa; 6) ocBo6om,ZJ;eHHe eBpone:H:cKHX cTpaH OT BJiacTH HanoJieoaa; B) OKa3aHHe TIOMOJJJ;H AHrJIHH B npeO,ZJ;OJieHHH «KOHTHHeH- TaJihHOH 6JIOKa,ZJ;bi>>; r) yKpenJieane n o3HIJ;HH PoccHH B EBpone. 3a.ZJ;anue 2 YKa:>KHTe HeBepHbiH OTBeT. B 1813--1814 rr. coro3HHKaMH PoccnH B 6opb6e c Hano- JieOHOM BhiCTYTiaJIH: a) AHrJIHH; 6) IIpyCCHH; B) ABcTpHH; r) CiliA. 3a.ZJ;aHne 3 Bbi6epHTe npaBHJihHhiH OTBeT. PyccKne BoiicKa BCTYTIHJIH B IIapHm: a) B OKTH6pe 1813 r .; 6) B MapTe 1814 r.; B) B CeHTH6pe 1814 r.; r) B MapTe 1815 r. 3a.ZJ;anue 4 KaK Bhi c~HTaeTe, ~To HBHJIOCh ,D;JIH PoccHH rJiaBHhiM pe- 3YJibTaToM no6e,n;hi Ha,n; HanoJieoHoM? 06'hHCHHTe cBoro no3H- IJ;HID. ------------------------------------------------ 2 - Jf.auunoo 8 KJJ. P. T. lf. 1 17
    • 3a~aHne 5 Ha KapTe OTMeThTe OCHOBHhie 3T8llhl 38rpaHH"t!HOrO llOXO- .D;8 pyccKoii apMHH B Espony 1813- 1814 rr. Ilo.D;rrHWHTe H83BaHHSI 3aHSITbiX ropO.D;OB. ' I I ', ' 3a~aHne 6 YKaJKHTe HesepHhiH OTBeT. Y"<IaCTHHKaMH CsH~eHHoro coro3a nepsoHa"<IaJihHO CTaJIH: a) PoccHH; 6) AHrJIHH; B) IIpyCCHSI; r) ABcTpHH. 3~aHHe 7 B u;eHTpe A<PHH CTOHT naMHTHHK poccHHCKOMY MHHHCTPY HHOCTpaHHhiX ,D;eJI npH AJieKcaH,D;pe I rpa<Py Karro.D;HCTpHH. 3a "<ITO OH 6hiJI eMy llOCT8BJieH? 18
    • 3a.Aauue 8 Ha KapTe OTMeThTe rpaHHD;hi PyccKoii AMepHKH B aaqa.rre XIX B., ee ocHOBHhle noceJieHHH. 0TMeThTe u:eaTp pyccKHX BJia,n;eHHH Ha A.n:HcKe - r . HoBoapxB.HreJibCK. IIpoKOMMeHTH- pyii:Te MaHH<}JeCT A.n:eKCaH,n;pa l (1821) 06 HCKJilO'IHTeJihHbiX npaBax PoccHH aa A.n:HcKy H o6'bHBJieHHH BepHaroBa MOPH BHyTpeHHHM MopeM PoccHH. 3aA3BHe 9 qTo 03Ha'Ia.rr, aa Bam B3rJIH,n;, o6peTeHHhiH PoccHeii noc- Jie no6e,n;w aa,n; HanoJieOHOM cTaTyc BeJIHKOH MHPOBOH ,n;ep- maBhi? KaK Bhl 3TO rroHHMaeTe? 2* 19
    • § 6. BHYTPEHH.H.H IIOJIHTHKA AJIEKCAH.l(PA I B 1815-1825 rr. 3a,[(anne 1 KaKHe <PaKTOpbi BJIHHJIH ua rrpo.u;onmeuHe pe<PopM, a Ka- KHe rrpeiiHTCTBOB8JIH HM IIOCJIC OKOH'I8HHH 0Te'ICCTBCHHOH BOHHbi? CTHMYJIHJ>OBaJIH pe<t>opMhi C~epmHBaJIH pe<t>opMhi 3 a ,[(aHHC 2 CocTaBbTe paccKa3 o pa3pa6oTKe H rrpHHHTHH IIOJibCKOH KOHCTHTYD;HH, a T8Kme ee OCHOBHbiX IIOJIOmeHHHX CO CJIOB IIOJibCKOrO IIIJIHXTH'Ia H pOCCHHCKOrO ,[(BOpHHHH8-KOHCepBaTO- pa. HarrHIIIHTe rrnau TaKoro paccKa3a. 20
    • 3a.u;anne 3 3anOJIHHTe Ta6JIH~Y. llpozpeccuanbte u p eaKI.{-uonnbte .M.eponpu.R.mu.R. anympenneu noJ/.umuKu AILeKcanapa I a 1815- 1825 zz. llporpeccHBHhle PeaK~HOHHhle 3a.u;anne 4 06'h.HCHHTe 3Ha~eHHe IIOH.HTHH. KoacTHTY~H.H ---------------------------------------- rpa:>K,D;aHCKHe CB060,D;bl (npasa) Bo3pacTaoii: ~eH3 ---------------------------------- - «YcTasaa.H rpaMOTa PoccHii:cKoii HMnepHH>> MHCTH~H3M -------------------------- 21
    • Op~eH He3yHTOB --------------------------------------- 3a,lJ.aHHe 5 "YKa)KHTe npaBHJihHbiH OTBeT. CorJiaCHO KOHCTHTYD;HH 1815 r., rJiaBoii IloJihCKoro rocy- ~apcTBa HBJIHJICH: 22 a) noJihCKHH KopoJih; 6) PYCCKHH u;apb; B) pOCCHHCKHH reHepaJI-ry6epHaTop; r) HaMeCTHHK pyccKoro u;apH. 3a,ll;aHue 6 3anOJIHHTe Ta6JIHD;Y. IIpoeKm <<YcmaBnou zpa~wmbt PoccuucKou u.M.nepuu>> IlporpeCCHBHbie qepTbi KoacepBaTHBHble qepTbi
    • 3anaaHe 7 CocTaBLTe Ta6mm;y aa ocaose MaTepHaJia § 1, 3 H 6. Ocnoenbte umozu enympenneu noJLumwcu A.JLeKcaniJpa I IIporpeccHBHble nepeMeHbl KoscepsaTHBHbie Mepbl 3~anne 8 ,IJ;aii:Te xapaKTepHcTHKY HMnepaTopa A.n:eKcaa~pa I, npe~­ sapHTeJILHO COCT8BHB llJI8H ~OKJI~a. 23
    • § 7. CO:QHAJibH0-3 KOHOMHqECKOE PA3BHTHE IIOCJIE OTEqECTBEHHOH BOHHbl 1812 r. 3aAaHHe 1 YKamHTe B Ta6JIHD;e oco6eHHOCTH aKoHoMnqecKHX KPH3HCOB B PoccHH H B cTpaHax 3ana,n;Ho:H: EBponhi B HaqaJie XIX B. PoccnH 3an~HaH Espona 3aAaHHe 2 KTo H3o6pameH Ha nopTpeTe? "l.JTo Bhi 3HaeTe o6 aToM qe- JIOBeKe? IJoqeMy HMeHHO eMy u;aph nopy'IHJI pa3pa60TKY npo- eKTa OCB06om.n;eHH.ff KpeCTh.HH OT KpeiTOCTHOR 3aBHCHMOCTH? 24
    • 3a.IJ:aHHe 3 Bbi6epHTe npasaJibHhiH OTBeT. 1. 3a nepByJO <IeTBepTb XIX B. <IHCJIO <Pa6pHK s Poc- CHH: a) yBeJIH<JHJIOCb 6oJiee 'IeM B,n;Boe; 6) yMeHblliHJIOCb; B) yBeJIWIHJIOCb 6oJiee <IeM B TPH pa3a; r) OCTaJIOCb Ha npe.mHeM ypOBHe. 2. IIocJie OKOH'IaHHSI 0TeTieCTBeHHOH BOHHbi HaH6oJiee 6biCTpbiMH TeMnaMH pa3BHBaJiaCb: a) TSIJKeJia.H IIpOMbllliJieHHOCTb; 6) JierKa.H rrpOMbllliJieHHOCTb. 3. IIpo,n;yKu;HSI oTe"'leCTBeHHOH JierKoi1 rrpoMbimJieHHOCTH rrpeHMym;ecTBeHHO rrpo,n;aBaJiacb: a) BHYTPH cTpaHbi; 6) B ,n;pyrHe CTpaHhl. 4. HoBhiM HanpaBJieHHeM B pa3BHTHH rryTei1 coo6m;eHHSI s rrepBoi1 'IeTBepTH XIX B. cTaJio: a) coopy.meHHe pe<IHhiX KaHaJioB; 6) cTpOHTeJibCTBO Morn;eHhiX ,n;opor; B) CTpOHTeJihCTBO JKeJie3HhiX ,n;opor. 3a.IJ:a&He 4 YKaJKHTe HeBepHhiH OTBeT. 1. OcHOBHhiMH rrpoMhimJieHHbiMH u;eHTpaMH PocCHH noc- Jie 0Te<JecTBeHHOH BOHHhi 1812 r. rro-rrpe.mHeMy ocTaBa- JIHCh: a) IleTep6ypr; 6) MocKBa; B) BaKy; r) TyJia; ,n;) YpaJI. 2. KpyrrHeHmHMH .HpMapKaMH cTpaHbi B nepBoi1 'IeTBepTH XIX B. 6hiJIH: a) MaKapheBcKa.H; 6) KopeHHa.H; B) IleTep6yprcKa.H; r) KHescKa.H; ,n;) lfp6HTCKa.H. 25
    • 3a,ll;aHHe 5 .I1:aif:Te onpe,~J;eJieHH.H llOH.HTHH. T.a)KeJia.a npoMbimJieHHOCTb --------------------------- JlerKa.H npOMhlillJieHHOCTb ---------------------------- 8KoHOMH'leCKHH KpHaHc ----------------------------- § 8. OBID;ECTBEHHOE ~B:UmEH:UE TIP:U AJIEKCAH,l(PE I 3a.n;auHe 1 Bbi6epHTe HeBepHhlH OTBeT. 1. OcHOBHbie npH'IHHbi aapO)K,~J;eHH.H opraHH30BaHHoro o6- ~ecTBeHHoro ,li;BH)KeHH.H B nepsoH: 'leTBepTH XIX B.: a) pacnpocTpaHeHHe B cpe,11;e npocse~eHHoro ,li;BOp.HHCT Ba JIH6epaJibHbiX H,~J;eft; 6) pe<}>OpMaTOpCKa.H ,~J;e.HTeJibHOCTb npaBHTeJibCTBa; B) llO,ll;pbiBHa.H ,~J;e.HTeJibHOCTb 3apy6e)KHbiX ,~J;ep)KaB; r) HepemHTeJibHOCTb npaBHTeJibCTBa B llpOBe,~J;eHHH p e - <}>OpM; ,11;) BCTYITJieHHe MOJIO,ll;biX O<}>Hn;epOB B MaCOHCKHe OpraHH- 3aD;HH B nepHO,ll; BOeHHOrO llOXO,~J;a BO <l>paHD;HIO. 2. OcHOBHbiMH yqacTHHKaMH nepBhlX TaHHhlX opraHHaa- D;HH 6biJIH: 26 a) o<}>Hn;ephl; 6) 'IHHOBHHKH; B) KYllD;bi; r ) KpeCTb.HHe.
    • 8a,11;auue 2 Bhi6epH:Te npaBHJihHh!H OTBeT. 11epBoe Taifuoe o6~eCTBO B PoccHH: a) Coroa cnaceHH:.H; 6) Coroa 6Jiaro.n;eacTBH.H; B) IOJKHoe o6~ecTBo; r) CeBepHoe o6~ecTBo. 3ap;aulte 3 3anoJIHH:Te Ta6JIH:u;y. Jl.eKa6pucmbt o nJLanax nepeycmpoucmea Poccuu OcaoBHhle ll03HD;HH II. R. IIecTeJib H. M . MypaBbeB rocy,u;apCTBeHHOe ycTpOHCTBO KpecTbJIHCKHH aonpoc rpam,u;aHCKHe CB060,ll;bl Hau,HoHaJibHhiH aonpoc KpenocTHOe npaao CocJIOBHhiH CTPOH 27
    • 3a.n;auue 4 Ilop;roTOBhTe .n;oRJia,u, Ha TeMY <•PyccRaa rrpaB.n;a•> II. H. Ilec- TeJI.H•>. CocTaBbTe IIJiaH 3Toro .n;oKJiap;a. 3a.n;auxe 5 CocTaBhTe oT JIHD;a yqacTHHRa TaiiHoro o6m;ecTBa HatJana 20-x rr. XIX B. co6CTBeHHYIO IIporpaMMY IIepeycTpoiicTBa PoccHH. 28
    • 3aAaa.ne 6 PacKpo:H:Te co.u,epmaHHe TepMHHOB H noHHTHH. MacoHhl ----------------------------------------- Ta:H:Hbie o6m;ecTsa --------------------------------- ~e.u,epaqHH --------------------------------------- ,IJ;epmasaaH .u,yMa --------------------------------- Hapo.u,aoe se~e ___________________________________ BepxosHhiH co6op --------------------------------- § 9. ,z:I;HHACTH"lJECKH:R KPH3HC 1825 r. BbiCTYIIJIEHHE ,li;EKABPHCTOB 3a)J;auue 1 3aiTOJIHHTe Ta6JIHqy H npOKOMMeHTHpyii:Te ee ITOJIO»<eHHH. IIopR-Omc npecmoJLonacJLeOuJ£ B XVII B. IIocJie IleTpa I IIocJie IlaBJia I 29
    • 3a;:~;auue 2 CocTaBbTe Ha OT,n;eJihHhiX JHICTax 6yMarH rreperrHcKy no rroBo,n;y rrpecTOJIOHacJie,n;Hsr oT JIHu;a ,n;Byx 6paTbeB - Kosc- TaHTHHa H HHKOJiasr. 3a.QaHue 3 YKamnTe rrpaBHJihHhiH OTBeT. 1. KaKyro BOeHHO-IIOJIHTHqecKyro aa,n;a'ly cTpeMHJIHCh pemHTh Ha CeHaTcKoii IIJIOIIJ;a.n;H Y'laCTHHKH BhiCTynJieHHH 14 ,n;eKa6psr: a) apecToBaTh HHKOJiasr H ero ceMhJO; 6) rrpe,n;OTBpaTHTh IIpHCHry CeHaTOpOB H 'lJieHOB focy,n;ap- CTBeHHOrO COBeTa HOBOMY FIMIIepaTOpy; B) IIOMemaTb rrpaBFITeJihCTBeHHbiM BOHCKaM B3SlTh IIO,ll; KOHTpOJih CTOJIFIII,y; r) HeiiTpaJIH30BaTh cTopoHHHKOB BeJIHKoro KHH3H KoHc- TaHTHHa? 2. IIo,n; KaKHMH JI03yHraMFI IIpOXO,D;HJIO BhiCTYIIJieHFie 14 ,n;eKa6psr 1825 r. : a) <•.D:a a,n;paBCTByeT FIMnepaTop KoHcTaHTHH FI ero meHa KoHCTFITyu;Hsr! >> ; 6) <<):l;a a,n;paBCTByeT pecny6JIHKal>>; B) <<)),OJIOH MOHapXHJOh; r) «CBo6o,n;y mepTBaM u;apCKOro TipOFI3BOJia!>>? 3. ,Il;HKTaTOpOM BOCCTaHHSl 6hiJI Ha3HaqeH: a) II. r. KaxOBCKFIH; 6) II. M. IIecTeJih; B) H. M. MypaBheB; r) C. II. Tpy6eu;Koii. 3a;:~;aHHe 4 Ha KapTe '!aCTH CaHKT·IIeTep6ypra Ha c. 31 rroKaJKHTe CBOHMH 3Ha'lKaMH paCIIOJIOJKeHFie npaBHTeJibCTBeHHhiX BORCK H OTpSl,D;OB BOCCTaBillRX 14 ,n;eKa6psr 1825 r. l.Ibe IIOJIOJKeHHe KaJKeTCSl BaM npe,n;TIO'lTHTeJibHee? IIO'leMy? qeM MOJKHO 06'b- SlCHFITh BOeHHOe IIOpaJKeHFie BOCCTaBlliFIX? 30
    • .,i. naMfiTHl-'IK 1&_ nerpyl 3a,!J;aHHe 5 Pacnono)t(eHI.1e ao~cK Ha CeHarcKo~ n110ll.lM1.1 Boccraaw1.1e ao~cKa OxpaHHafl u,enb aoccraaw1.1x npaBI.1TeJ1bCTBeHHble BO~CKa nexora Kaaanep1.1fl apr1.11111ep1.1fl l.l1.14>paM1.1 0603HaYeHbl BOCCTaBWI.1e YaCTI.1: 1 ne~6-raapA1.1l-1 MOCKOBCKI.1~ nOJlK 2 ne~6-raapA1.1~-'~ rpeHa,o.epcKI.1~ nonK 3 raapAe~CKI.1~ (4>110TCKI-1~) 3KI.1n~ 06'bSICHHTe 3HaT£eu.ae rroHSITHH H TepMHHOB. ,I."(HK Ta TOp BOCCTaHHSI - - - - - - - - - - - - -- -- - llpHcSira -------------------------------------------- 31
    • MaHH<}>ecT - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3aAaune 6 CocTaBhTe paccKaa o co6hiTH.ax 14 ,ZJ;eKa6p.a 1825 r. OT Jm- :qa IIOCTOpOHHero 3pHTeJI.H, He ~aCTBOBaBmero B BOOpymeH- HOM npoTHBOCTO.HHHH Ha CeHaTCKOH nJio~a,ZJ;H. 3arrHmHTe paaaepHYThiH nJiaH. 3aAaHHe 7 ,Il;aii:Te OI.J;eHKY BbiCTYIIJieHH.H 14 ,ZJ;eKa6p.a 1825 r. OT JIH- u;a HMrrepaTopa HHKOJia.a I. 06'h.HCHHTe ee. 32
    • § 10. BHYTPEHHJUI TIOJIHTHKA HHKOJIA.H I 3a)J;aHHe 1 "YKa»<RTe HeBepHbiH OTBe T. OcHOBHbiMH HanpaBJieHR.HMH BHyTpeHHeH noJIHTHKH HRKOJia.H I 6biJIR: a) yKpenJieHRe poJIR rocy)J;apcTBeHHoro annapaTa; 6) yKpenJieHHe )J;BOp.HHCKOrO COCJIOBH.H; B) KO,li;H<l>HKa.IJ;R.H 3aKOHO,Zl;aTeJibCTBa; r) BBe,ll;eHHe rpam)J;aHCKHX CB060,ll;; ,Zl;) 60pb6a C peBOJIIOD;ROHHbiMH HaCTpOeHH.HMR. 3a,a;aHHe 2 Bbi6epRTe npaBRJibHhlH OTBeT. Pa6oTy no KO,li;R<PRKan;RH poccRHCKoro 3aKOHO,Zl;aTeJibCTBa B03rJiaBHJI: a) A . A. ApaKlleeB; 6) M . M . CnepaHCKRH; B) B. II. Ko'ly6eH:; r) II. ,ll;. KRceJieB. 3a)J;aHHe 3 "YKa»<RTe HeBepHbiH OTBeT. CTpeM.HCb pemRTb KpecTb.HHCKHH Bonpoc, HRKOJiaH: I npe,Zl;npRH.HJI CJie)J;yiOID;Re mar11: a) 3anpeTRJI npo,Zl;aBaTb KpenocTHbiX 3a ,Zl;OJirR; 6) llpHH.HJI yKa3 06 <<06.H3aHHbiX>> KpeCTb.HHax; B) pa3peWHJI llOMeiD;HKaM OCB060m,Zl;aTb KpeCTb.HH C 3eMJieH; r) pa3peWHJI llOMeiD;HKaM OCB060m,Zl;aTb KpeCTb.HH 6e3 3eMJIR. 3a.a;auHe 4 ,IJ;ail:Te onpe)J;eJieHH.H TIOH.HTHH. llMyiD;eCTBeHHbiH D;eH3 ------------------------------- Bo3pacTHOH n;eu3 ------------------------------------- 33
    • Ko~eKc aaKOHOB -------------------------------------- KpecTh.HHCKoe caMoyrrpaBJieHHe ----------------------- KapTo<}>eJihHbie 6yHTbi _______________________________ <<06.H3aHHbie>> KpeCTb.HHe ------------------------------ ~aH~apMhl __________________________________________ 3a~auHe 5 IlpO'IHTaiiTe B yqe6HHKe MaTepHaJI 0 KpeCTb.HHCKOll pe<}>opMe II. ,n;. KHceJieBa H OTBeTbTe Ha Borrpocbl. Pe<}>opMa rrpHBeJia K o6JiertieHHIO rroJiomeHH.H KpecTb.HH? ,n;A HET IloMe~HKH BCTpeTHJIH 3TY pe<}>OpMy C 0~06peHHeM? ,n;A HET Pe<}>opMa rrpHBeJia HHKOJia.H I K BbiBO~y o Heo6xo~HMoc­ TH HeMe~JieHHOR OTMeHbi KpeTIOCTHOf'O npaBa? ,IJ;A HET rJiaBHhlM IIOJIOmeHHeM pe<}>opMbl KHCeJieBa CTaJIO - -- 34
    • 3a,IJ.anue 6 l{TQ BaM R3BeCTHO 06 3THX roCy)l;apCTBeHHblX ,ll;e.HTeJUIX PoccRR? 35
    • 3a.ll;anne 7 3anOJIHHTe T86JIHII,y. Mepbi no yKpenneamo n03HD;HH ,li;BOpSIHCTBa M eponpHSITHSI no 6opb6e C peBOJIIOD;HOHHbiMH H,ll;eSIMH § 11. COIJ;IIAJibH0-3KOHOMHqECKOE PA3BIITIIE B 20-50-e rr. 3 a.ll;anue 1 Bbi6epHTe HeaepHhiR OTBeT. IlpOSIBJieHHeM KpH3HCa <t>eO,ll;aJibHO-KpenOCTHWieCKOR CHC- TeMbl CT8JIH: a) He3<P<l>eKTHBHOCTb <t>eo,n;aJibHOR 3KOHOMHKH; 6) 6blcTpoe pa3BHTHe KaiiHTaJIHCTH~ecKoro yKJia,n;a X03Rii- CTaa; B) CTpeMJieHHe IIOMeJJJ;HKOB K OTMeHe KpeiTOCTHH~eCKOH CHCTeMbl; r) TOpM03RIII,ee B03,D;eHCTBHe Ha pa3BHTHe X03RRCTB8 cy- m;eCTBYIOIII,eR 3KOHOMl.PieCKOR H ITOJIHTH~eCKOH CHCTeMhl. 36
    • 3a,ll;anue 2 Y K3JKBTe npaBRJihHbiH OTBeT. I1CTOpR'IeCKRH nepRO,lJ. rrepexo,z:r.a OT MaayqJaKTypbi K Ma- IIIRHHOMY rrpOR3BO)l;CTBY Ha3biBaeTC.H: a) KalJRTa.llli3MOM; 6) llpOMh!lJIJieHHbiM rrepeBOpoTOM; B) MHOI'OYKJia)l;HOH 3KOHOMRKOH; r) RH,lzyCTpliaJihHhiM o6m;eCTBOM. 3a)l;anue 3 YKaJKHTe rrpaBRJihHbiH oTBeT. IIepBoii meJie3HOH .n;oporoH: B PoccRR CTaJia: a) HnKoJiaeBCKa.H; 6) IJ;apcKoceJihCKa.H; B) BapiiiaBCKo-BeacKaH; r) KneBCKo-O.n;eccKa.H. 3a,ll;anue 4 3arrOJIHHTe Ta6JIRD;Y. Oco6ennocmu npOM.btULJLennozo nepeeopoma PoccHR 3ana.n;aaR Espona 3a,ll;anue 5 Y KaJKRTe npaBRJihHbiH OTBeT. IIpoMhiiiiJieHHbiH rrepeBopoT B PoccRR aa"t!aJIC.H: a) B MeTaJIJiyprH"<IeCKOH rrpOMhiiiiJieHHOCTR; 6) B MalJIRHOCTpOemm; B) B XJIOlJ"t!aTo6yMaJKHOH rrpOMbiiiiJieHHOCTR; r) aa TpaacrropTe. 37
    • 3a,ll;aHHe 6 Ha KapTe ITOKaJKHTe OCHOBHhie HH~YCTpHaJibHhie H arpap- Hble paiioHhi PoccHH, KJIIO'IeBbie Toproahle u;eHTphi. 0TMeTb- Te HOBbie ropo~a H cpa6pH'IHhie u;eHTphi. 3a,ll;auue 7 ,IJ;aihe onpe~eJieHH.H TepMHHOB H ITOH.HTHH. <l>eo~aJibHO-KpenOCTHH'IeCKa.H 3KOHOMHKa - - - -- - -- 38
    • Ma.Hycpa.KTypa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - <Da6pHKa _____________________ YKR~ ----------------------------------------------- HaeMHhlii pa6oqHif ---------------------------------- PhiHOK c6biTa --------------------------------------- KRacchi --------------------------------------------- Arpapaoe o6:m;ecTBO --------------------------------- llH~YCTpHaRhHOe o6:m;ecTBO ---------------------------- ToBapao-~eaemHhie OTHOIIIeHHH ------------------------ «KanHTaRHCThie•> KpecThHHe --------------------------- PocToB:m;HqecTBO ------------------------------------- iccHraa~HH ------------------------------------------- 39
    • § 12. BHEIDH.H.H IIOJIHTHKA HHKOJIA.H I B 1826-1849 rr. 3a~auue 1 06'hHCHRTe aua-qeune noHHTRH. rop~hl --------------------------- ~IDPRAR3M ________________________________________ MMaM --------------------------------------------- MMaMaT ------------------------------------------ 3a~aune 2 Bbi 6epn Te rrpaBRJibHbiii OTBeT. Ycnneune rroan~n:H Poccnn ua BOCTOKe EBpon hl n B Aann Bbl3biBaJIO HaH60Jibiilee COIIpOTHBJieHRe CO CTOp OHbi: a) <I>pau~nn; 6) Ilpyccnn; B) Aurmm; r) CiliA. 3a~aune 3 IlOArOTOBbTe pe<}:>epaT Ha TeMy <<MTOrH BHemue:H IIOJIHTH- KH Poccnn B ~apcTBOBaune HnKoJiaH h. 3annmnTe paaBep- HYThlH IIJI8H pe<}:>epaTa. 40
    • 3a;LJ;aHHe 4 Ha KapTe KasKaaa noKaJKHTe ocuoBHbie oqarH conpoTHB- neHHH ropn,eB pyccKoft apMHH. YcTHO o6'bHCHHTe, "<IeM oc- JIOJKHHJiacb 6opb6a c ropn,aMH. KaKHe co6hiTHH KaBKaacKoft BOHHbi Bbi cqnTaeTe pemaiOIII,HMH? IJoqeMy? § 13. OBID;ECTBEHHOE ,z:(BHmEHHE B rO,z:(bl llPABJIEHHH HHKOJIAH I 3a;LJ;aHHe 1 YKaJKHTe HeBepHbiH OTBeT. OcHOBHhiMH oco6eHHOCTHMH o6III,ecTBeHHoro ~BHJKeHHH B PoccHH B 30- 50-x rr. 6biJIH: a) ero pa3 BHTHe B ycnoBHHX noJIHTHqecKoif peaKn,HH; 6) OKOHt{aTeJibHbiH pa3pbiB MeJK,lG' peBOJIIOII,HOHHbiM aa- npaBJieHHeM H ITpaBHTeJibCTBeHHbiM pe<f>OpMaTOpCTBOM; B) Bbipa 60TKa KOHCepBaTHBHOR H~eOJIOrHH; r) 0<1JOpMJieHHe JIH6epaJibHOrO H COII,HaJIHCTHt{eCKOrO Tet{e- HHH o6III,eCTBeHHOH MbiCJIH; ~) paapa60TKa KOHKpeTHbiX ITJiaHOB npaKTHqecKOR pe- aJIH3aii;HH H~eRHbiX TeH~eHII;HR JIH6epaJIOB H peBOJIIOII;HO- HepOB. 41
    • 3aAaHHe 2 Y KaJKHTe HeBepHbiH OTBeT. KpynaeiimHMH TeopeTHKaMH KoacepBaTHBHoro ~BHJKeHHH 6hiJIH: a) A. H. repo;ea; 6) H. r. YcTpHJIOB; B) M. n. lloro~HH; r) H. B. KyKoJihHHK. 3aA3HHe 3 Bhi6epHTe HeBepHhiM OTBeT. ll~eonoraMH 3aii~HH"<IeCTBa 6biJIH: a) T. H. rpaHOBCKHM; 6) C. M. CoJIOBheB; B) A. C. XoMaKoB; r) K. ,11;. KaBeJIHH. 3aAaHHe 4 3aiiOJIHHTe Ta6JIHD;Y. KoncepaamopbL u JLu6epaJtbL OcaoBHble Bonpocbi Il03H~HJI ,ll;JIH CIIOp OB K OHCepBaTOpOB 42 ll03H~HH JIH6 e p aJIOB
    • 3a,ZJ.anHe 5 YKamHTe HeBepHbiM OTBeT. OcnoBHhiMH TeopeTHKaMH CJiaB.HHOQJHJIOB 6hlnH: a) II. B. AnHeHKOB; 6) K . C . AKcaKoB; B) ll. C. AKcaKoB; r) IO. <P. CaMapHH. 3a,ZJ.aHHe 6 3aiiOJIHHTe Ta6JIHIJ;Y. Jlu6epaJLbL u peBOJLI04U01iepbt Cxo~cTBa PaaRaqHH 3a,ZJ.aHHe 7 3arrOJIHHTe Ta6JIHII,Y. 3anaO/iU1CU U CJLa8JtliOfjJUJLbt Cxo~cTBa 43
    • 3aAaHue 8 ITpo~oJDKHTe Q>pa3y. B3rJI.H~bl n. H. "t.Ja~aeBa 6Jmm.e K IT03HIJ;IUI (KOHCepBaTO- pOB, 3aiT~HHKOB, CJiaB.HHOQJHJIOB, peBOJIIOII,HOHepOB), TaK KaK § 14. KPbiMCKAH BORHA 1853-1856 IT . OBOPOHA CEBACTOIIOJIH 3aA3HHe 1 3anOJIHHTe Ta6JIHII,Y. Cmpanbt-C0103HUKU u co'lyecmeyiO~ue TypLftUU cmpanbt 8 Kpbt.MCJCOU eoune CTpaHhi-COI03HHKH 3a,nanne 2 Bbr6epMTe npaBHJibHhiH OTBeT. Henocpe~CTBeHHhiM noBo~oM K Ha"llaJiy BOHHhi c Typu.Heft IIOCJiym.HJIO: a) BOCCTaHHe cep6oB; 6) BOCCTaHHe 60Jirap; B) Hapy meHHe CYJIT3HOM peJIHrH03HOH Tpa~HII,HH B llepy- CaJIHMe; r) uapymea:ue Typeu.KoH apMMeft rpaHHU.bi Pocc:u:u B 3a- KaBKa3be. 44
    • 3a.ZJ;aHHe 3 3anOJIHHTe Ta6JIHD;Y. K.ll.JO'le6bte co6btmu.R. KpbtMc~eou BOUlibt Ha Ha'la.JihHOM aTane 3a.ZJ;aBHe 4 IlocJie BCTynJieHHJI B Bo:Hay AlirmiH H <l>pa.HII,HH Bhr6epHTe rrpaBHJihHhlM OTBeT. Coro3HHKOM PoccHH B KphlMCKOM BOMHe JIBJIJIJiach: a) illBen;Ha; 6) IIpyccHa; B) Cap,n;HHHa; r) llcrrauHa. 3a.ZJ;aBHe 5 HanmrrHTe pe<PepaT o6 o,n;HOM H3 opraaH3aTopoB HJIH ytiacT- HHKOB o6opouhr CeBacTorroJia: B. A. KopHHJIOBe, II. C. HaxH- MOBe, II. M. KomKe H ,n;p. CocTaBhTe rro,n;po6HhiM rrJiaa pe<Pe- paTa. 45
    • 3a,IJ;aHHe 6 ITo KapTe CeBaCTOITOJUI y cTHO oxapaKTepJ.myihe noJiome- HHe ropo,n;a C BOeHHOH TO'!KH 3 peHlUI, OTMe THB CHJibHhie H CJla6bie CTOpOHbi. llpOKOMMeHTHpy:ifTe ITJiaHhl CTOpOH B OTHOIIIeHHH 3TOH KpeiTOCTH. D ---~ ........... ~ -X 3 a.IJ;aHHe 7 0TMeTbTe Ha KapTe Ha C. 48- 49 Jil llpOKOMMeHTHpyihe ocHOBHhie co6biTH.H KphiMCKOH BOHHhi. 46
    • § 15. OBPA30BAHHE H HAYKA 3a,nauue 1 Bb16epHTe rrpaBHJihHhiH OTBeT. CHCTeMa Bhlcmero, cpe,z:r;uero H ua~aJihHOro o6pa3oBaHH.H B PoccHH cJiomHJiach rrpH: a) IleTpe I; 6) EKaTepHue II; B) ArreKCaH,z:r;pe I; r) HHKOJiae I. 3a,IJ;auue 2 YKamHTe ueBepHhiH OTBeT. Pe<flopMa 1803 r. B o6JiaCTH o6pa30BaHH.H HMeJia pe3yJih- TaToM: a) C03,ll;aHHe B Kam,z:r;OM ry6epHCKOM ropo,z:r;e rHMHa3HH; 6) OTKpbiTHe B Kam,z:r;OM ye3,ZJ;HOM ropo,z:r;e ye3,ZJ;HOrO Y~H- JIH~a; B) C03,ll;aHHe B CeJihCKOH MeCTHOCTH IIpHXO,li;CKHX ~HJIH~; r) o6pa3oBaHHe MHHHCTepcTBa uapo,z:r;uoro rrpocBe~eHH.H; ,z:r;) ,li;OCTYII ,z:r;eTeH KpeiiOCTHbiX KpeCTh.HH BO BCe THIIbl y~e6- HbiX 3aBe,ZJ;eHHH. 3a,nauue 3 Y KamHTe HeBepHbiH OTBeT. B ro,z:r;hi :u;apcTBOBaHH.H HHKOJia.H I pa3BHTHe o6pa3oBaTeJib- uoii CHCTeMhl xapaKTepH30BaJIOCb: a) OC06hiM BHHMaHHeM K peJIHrH03HOMY 06pa30BaHHIO; 6) pOCTOM ~HCJia ~e6HhiX 3aBe,ZJ;eHHH; B) COKpam;eHHeM qgcJia ~e6HbiX 3aBe,ZJ;eHHH; r) OTKPhiTHeM BhiCmHx TexHH~ecKHX ~e6HhiX 3aBe,z:r;euHii. 3a,IJ;aHHe 4 IIpo,z:r;oJimHTe <flpa3y: HaH6oJiee 3Ha~HMhiM 6hiJI BKJia,ZJ; B 6HoJiorHIO (H. A. ,ll;BH- ry6cKoro, H. E. ,ll;.H,z:r;hKOBCKoro, K. M . B3pa), TaK KaK ou cy MeJI ------------------------------------------------- 47
    • 0 3a;:r;aune 5 ''l l I ' I "''".... _., 0 C' 0 0 HcnoJih3YH MaTepHaJI yqe6HHKa, noKa>KHTe B Ta6JI~ru;e pa3JIHqHH Mem,n;y cym;eCTBOBaBillHMH THllaMH yqe6HhiX 3aBe- ,n;eHHH. 48 fipHXO,li;CKHe }"'HJIRIIJ;a
    • 3a,nauHe 6 IIo,nroTOBhTe ,noKJiaA o BKJiaAe B pa3BHTHe MeAlHJ;HHhi H . lf. IlHporoBa. CocTaBhTe pa3BepHyThiH nnaH AOKJiaAa. 49
    • 3ap;aHHe 7 ,IJ;aii:Te onpe.u;eJieHJUI IIOH.HTHR. IfeiiTYHHCThl ------------------------------------------- IlJiyTOHHCThl 3a.u;aHHe 8 IIpo.u;oJIJKHTe q>pa3y. rJiaBHhiM ,li;OCTHJKeHHeM B pa3BllTllll OTe'leCTBeHHOR acT- pOHOMllll B Ha'laJie XIX B. 6biJIO _________________________ 3a.u;anHe 9 KTo :a3 pocc:aiicK:ax MaTeMaT:aKOB Ha'laJia XIX B. coBep- m:aJI nepeBopoT B pa3BHTHH reoMeTp:a:a? B 'leM cocTO.HJI aTOT nepeBopoT? 50
    • 3~aHHe 10 YKamHTe, aBTopaMH KaKHX OTKphiTRH H H3o6peTeHHH 6bi- JIH rrepe'IHCJieHHhie HHme ~eHhie. B. B. IIeTpoB - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - B. c. .HK06H - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8. X. JleH:u; - - - - - - - - - - -- - -- - - - II. JI. lliHJIJIHHr __________________ K. C. KHpxro<P - - -- - - -- - -- - -- - - - K. H. rpoTryc - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - K. H. recc - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - - - - -- II. r. Co6oJieBCKHH - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - B. B. Jiro6apcKHH _________________ II. II. AHOCOB - - - - -- - - -- -- - - - - - - E<PHM H ~Hpoa qeperraaoBhi ____________ H. H. 3HHHH - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A.~. B y TnepoB __________________ 51
    • § 16. PYCCKHE llEPBOOTKPbiBATEJIH H llYTEillECTBEHHHKH 8a,11;amte 1 Ha KapTe Ha C. 54-55 llOKaJKHTe Mapmpy T nepBOH pyc- CKOH KpyrocseTHOH aKcne,n;HD;HH, yKaJKHTe, B '!eM, aa sam B3rJIH,ll;, COCTOHJIO ee 3Ha'leHHe ,li;JIH HaYKH. 3a)J;aane 2 Ha KapTe Ha c. 54- 55 noKaJKHTe MapmpyThi nyTemecT- BHH r. M. HeBeJihCKOrO H E. B. IlyTHTHHa no .LJ:anbHeMy Boc- TOKY. 0TMeTbTe, B '!eM Bbl BH,li;HTe HX 3HaqeHHe. 52
    • 3a~aane 3 Ha KapTe aa c. 54- 55 noKam.HTe MapmpyT KpyrocBeT- ao:H 3Kcne,zvm,HH <l>. <l>. BeJIJIHHcray3eHa H M. II. Jla3apeBa. KaKoe MHpoBoe OTKpbiTHe 6hmo coBepmeao ee y'laCTHHKaMH? B tJeM cocTOHT ero 3HatJeHHe? § 17. XY,Il;OJKECTBEHHA.H KYJibTYPA 3a~aune 1 PaccMOTPHTe B yl:le6HHKe penpo)l;yKD;HIO KapTHHbi K . II. BproJIJIOBa «IIocJie)l;HHH )l;eHh IIoMneH». KaKoe xy,~J;o­ m.ecTBeaaoe HanpaBJieHHe oHa npe)l;cTaBJI.HeT? Ha30BHTe xa- paKTepHble 'lepTbl aToro aanpaBJieHH.H. 53
    • 54 55
    • 3a,ZJ;aaue 2 ,D:aihe onpe,ll;eJieHHH noHHTHii. Jey.ll;o»<ecTBeHHaH KYJihTypa --------------------------- Jey,ZJ;OJKeCTBeHHhlH CTHJib ------------------------------- KJiaccH~H3M ----------------------------------------- CeHTHMeHTaJIH3M ------------------------------------- POMaHTH3M -------------------------------------------- PeaJIH3M -------------------------------------------- KpHTH1.JeCKHH p eaJIH3M ------------------------------ 3a,ZJ;aHHe 3 KaKHe KapTHHhi nepe'!HCJieHHhiX xy,ll;OJKHHKOB BaM H3Be- CTHbi? "t.£eM OHH BaM 38llOMHJ!IJIHCb? K. n. BproJIJioB ----------------------------------- 56
    • 0. A. KHrrpeHCKHH - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - B . A. TpOIIHHHH - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - A. A. HBaHOB - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - II. A. CI>e~OTOB - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- A. r. BeHen;HaHOB - - - - - - - - - - - -- -- - - - 3 aJJ;aHHe 4 Ha30B.IilTe KpyrrHeifmHx rrpe~cTaBHTeJie:H poccHHCKoro Te- aTpa H MY3hiKH rrepso:H IIOJIOBHHbi XIX s. H orrpe~eJIHTe .lilX rrpHHa~JiemHOCTb K xy~omecTBeHHOH mKoJie poMaHTH3Ma HJIH peaJIH3Ma. HanpaBJieHHe TeaTp MyabiKa P OM8HTH3M P eaJIH3M 57
    • 8 a11;auue 5 BuecHTe B Ta6JIHU.Y Ha3BaHHH H3BecTHblx BaM apxHTeK- TYPHhiX naMHTHHKOB MocKBhi H IleTep6ypra, BbliiOJIHeHHhiX B CTRJie RMIIHp H pyCCKO-BH3aHTHifcKOM CTHJie. CTHJib MocKBa IleTep6ypr AMIIHP PyccKo- BH3aHTHHCKHH 3aAanue 6 ABTopaMH KaKHX H3BecTHblX IIaMHTHHKOB 6biJIH nepe..nrc- JieHHhle apXHTeKTOpbi? A. ;a;. 3axapos - - - - - -- - - - -- - - - - - A. H. Bopouuxuu - - - - - - - - - - -- - -- - - K. H. PoccH - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - 0. H. Bose---- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ;a;. H. JKHJIHPAH - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - K. A. Tou 58
    • § 18. BbiT II 0Bhi"£IAH 3a,ll;aaue 1 Orrpe,n;e;nrTe 3Ha'!eHl'le CJIOB H BbipameHHH. KypHaH Ha6a --------------------------------------- PyccKaH rre'lh -------------------------------------- BoJibTepoBCKoe Kpecno ------------------------------ ~y6yK ________________________________________ KoHTopKa __________________________________________ XOJIO,D;HJihHHK -------------------------------------- nY'JHHa ------------------------------------------- UUaH,n;an ___________________________________________ OrHHBO -------------------------------------------- ITorpe6e~ ------------------------------------------ TpaKTHp ------------------------------------------- Xap'IeBHH __________________________________________ 59
    • Ka6aK ___________________________________________ ranepKa _____________________________________________ KanenhMeHcTep -------------------------------------- <DnrypaaT ___________________________________________ 3aAaHHe 2 "YKIDKHTe, "<ITO HOBoro noHBHJIOCh B rrepBOH nonoBHHe XIX B. B o~e>K~e __________________________________________ B rrnTaHHH ------------------------------------------ B o6yBH ----------------------------------------- B >KHnnm;e ------------------------------------------ B ~ocyre ___________________________________________ 60
    • 3aJtaHife 3 no perrpOAYKD;HR KapTHHbi II. A. <l>eAOTOBa •IIporyJIKa• (1837) OIIpeAeJIHTe, KTO Ha HeR H306pa)KeH, BO qTo OAeT. 61
    • 3a.ZJ;aune 4 CocTaBhTe MeHIO rroMe~.rn<a, HaCTOSITeJia MOHaCTbipa, KpeCTbSIHHHa cpe,n:Hen IIOJIOCbi POCCHH B IIOCTHbie H CKOpOM- Hhie .D:HH. fiOCTHbie ,/J;HH CKopoMHble AHH HacToaTeJib fiOCTHble ,/J;HH CKopoMHble ,IJ;HH KpecTbSIHHH fiOCTHbie ,/J;HH CKopoMHble AHH 62
    • 3 a,ZJ;aHne 5 no penpo.n;YK-qHH KapTHHhl A. r. BeHe-qHaHOBa <ci'yMHO» (1821- 1823) OllHlliHTe xapaKTep Tpy.n;a, o.n;em.n;y KpeCThSIH B nepBoH qeTBepTH XIX B. 63
    • Y'Ie6Hoe u:a .n;aHHe ,ll;aHHJIOB A.rreKcaHAP AHaTOJiheBH'l KocyJIHHa JliO,ZJ;MHJia reHHaAheBHa MCTOPlf.H POCCMM. XIX BEK 8 KJiacc IIoco6He p;JI.a yqa.IQHXCH o6m;eo6pa3oBaTeJibHbiX yqpemp;eHHH B 2 qacTax "tJaCTb 1 3aa. pe.n;rum;u:eii JI.A. CoKOJW6a Pe.n;aKTop A.<P. H6alt06a Xy.n;omecTBeHHbiH pe.n;aKTOP C. H. Bo;w6oJW6 Pe.n;aKTOp KapT H. B. 3a6o.~tom~ta.R TexHH'IeCKOe pe.n;aKTHpOB8HHe H KOMllbiOTepHaH aepCTK8 M. E . re.M6ai{KOU KoppeKTOP H. B. Be.~to3epo6a HanoroBaH JihrOT8 - 06~epoccu:iicKHi1 KJI8CCHcj;>HK8TOP npo.n;yKD;HH OK 005-93- 953000. J.'I3.n;. JIHII.- CepHH H.[( NQ 05824 OT 12 .09.01. l1o.n;nHC8.HO B ne'l8Tb 13.09.11. <I>opM8T 60X90 1 / 16" B)'Mara ocj;>ceTHSH. rapHH· Typa SchoolBookC. lle'18Tb ocj;>ceTHSH. Y'l.-Ha.n;. n. 1,73. THJ>am 50 000 :>K3. 3aKa3 N~ 29822 <K ~- 0TKPhlTOe aKII.HOBepaoe o61leCTBO • Ma.n;aTeJibCTBO • llpocaelleHHe• . 127521, MocKBa, 3-ii npoea.n; MapbHHoii poiQH, 41. 0TKpb!TOe 8KD;HOHepBOe 06IQeCTBO cCMOJieBCKHH OOJIHrpa<lJH'l:eCKHH KOM6H- H8T•. 214020, r. CMoJieHCK, yn. CMOJihHBHBOBa, 1.
    • 8 y-te6HO-MOTOAM't8CKMM KOMnneKT BXOART: eAaHMnoa A.A., KocynMHa ll.r. - «I-1CTOp111s:! POCCII1111. XIX eeK». 8 KllaCC. • AaHMnoa A.A., KocynMHa ll.r . - «HCTOPMR Poc- CMM. XIX aeK». Pa6o'taR TOTPAAb. 8 Knacc. 8 2-x • AaHMnOB A.A. - noypO'-IHble pa3pa60TKII1 Kyye6HII1KY «l-1crop111s:~ Pocc111111. XIX eeK». 8 Kllacc. _t!j_ TIPOCBEID;EHHE M I A A f ( I ~ C T I 0