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    • до підручника Л. В. Биркун www.4book.org
    • STUDENT'S BOOK Unit 1 1. Ex. 1, p. 4 a) lg; 2f; 3c; 4h; 5a; 6d; 7b; 8e; 9i. b) They are mentioning pictures 3, 7, 9, 6, 1, 2, 8, 5. Ex. 3, p. 5. b) The second poster advertises this meeting. 2. Ex. 1, p. 6-7 a) lj; 2f; 3k; 4g; 5n; 6h; 7o; 8e; 9i; lOd; 111; 12b; 13c; 14m; 15p; 16a. Ex. 2, p. 7 Id; 2a; 3c; 4b. 3. Ex. 5, p. 10 lb, h, i; 2c; 3a, g, j, k, 1; 4e; 5f; 6d. 4. Ex. 1, p. 11. If; 2i; 3d; 4e; 5c; 6b; 7g; 8h; 9a. Ex. 2, p. 11-12 1 - a, d. 4 - c. 6 - c. 2 - b. 5 - a. 7 - b. 3 - d . Ex. 4, p. 12-13 a) 1 - true. 3 - false. 5 - true. 2 - false. 4 - false. c) Title “School life” (4) doesn’t match any of the paragraphs. Unit 2 Ex. 2, p. 15. la (picture 3); 2d (picture 4); 3b (pic­ ture 6); 4e (picture 5); 5f (picture 1); 6c (picture 2). Ex. 4, p. 15 1. The name of the largest island is White. 2. The name of the lake is Lake Deep. 3. There are no marshes on any island. 4. The name of the valley on the biggest island is Sleepy Valley. 5. Rocky Mountains and Wild Moun­ tains are separated by that valley. 6. The name of the longest river is the String. 2. Ex. 1, p. 16 1. Ukraine is larger than Great Britain. 2. Great Britain is situated in the north­ eastern part of Europe and Ukraine is situated in the south-eastern part of Eu­ rope. 3. Ukraine borders on Byelorussia in the north, Hungary, Romania and Moldova in the south and the southwest, Russia in the east, Poland and Slovakia in the west. 4. Ukraine is bounded by the Black and Azov seas. 5. Ukraine consists of 24 regions and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. 6. Great Britain borders on Ireland on the west. 7. Great Britain is bounded by the At­ lantic Ocean, the Irish Sea, the North Sea and the English Channel separates Great Britain from France. 8. Great Britain consists of four parts. Ex. 5, p. 18 The United States of America is a coun­ try which is situated on the North Amer­ ican continent. The type of the country is continental and it also has a lot of is­ lands. The USA is bounded by the Atlan­ tic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and the Gulf of Mexico. The country borders on Canada and Mexico. The capital of the United States is Washington. Its territory is over 9.6 million sq km and the popula­ tion is more than 300 million people. As for the nations living in America, they are white Americans, African Americans, native Americans and Asian Americans. The country consists of continental USA, Alaska and Hawaii. 3. Ex. 1, p. 18 a) Relief - рельєф Plain - рівнина Lowlands - низина Highlands - нагір’я Hills - пагорби Flows - впадає b) If; 2b; 3c; 4d; 5a; 6e. c) Things, the reporter wrote wrong: Professor Stepovyi: Mountains cover only 5% of the whole area of Ukraine, not 55%. The Crimean Mountains are not in the west, they are in the south; and the Car­ pathians are not in the south, they are in the west. Professor Hillside: The Lowlands are not in the north and east of England, they are in the south and east of England. Professor Vodnyi: The Dnipro flows into the Black Sea, not www.4book.org
    • the Sea of Azov. There are about 20,000 lakes in Ukraine, not 2,000. Professor Waterman: Loch Ness is not in Northern Ireland, it is in Scotland. Lough Neagh is not in Scotland, it is in Northern Ireland. Ex. 2, p. 19 lc; 2b; 3a; 4b; 5a; 6b. Ex. 4, p. 20 1. China ranges from mostly plateaus and mountains in the west to lower lands in the east. 2. The highest mountains in China are the Himalayas. They are in the west of the country. Their highest peak is Mt. Everest which is 8,846 m high. 3. The plains are mainly in the east part of the country. 4. There are two main rivers in China. They are the Huang He and Yangtze River. They are in the central-east. 5. There are no big lakes in China. 4. Ex. 1, pp. 20—21 b) average - середній mild - м’який humid - вологий rainfall - опади Ex. 2, p. 21 1. We can find information about the sun­ shine in Great Britain in paragraph B. 2. Paragraph D describes people’s feel­ ings about British weather. 3. The information about what influenc­ es British climate is in paragraph A. 4. Paragraph В gives facts about how much rain they have in Great Britain during the year. 5. Paragraph A describes the type of cli­ mate in Great Britain. 6. We can read about how hot or cold it may be in Great Britain in paragraph C. 7. Paragraph С gives information about how the temperature differs in different parts of Great Britain. 8. We can read about winter snowfalls in paragraph B. 9. Paragraph D describes what people talk most often about in Great Britain. Ex. 3, p. 22 a) In London, the low temperature in January is +2°C and the high tempera­ ture is +7°C. the average is +4,5°C. In London, the low temperature in Feb­ ruary is +2°C and the high temperature is +7C. The average is +4,5°C. In London, the low temperature in March is +3CC and the high temperature is +10C. The average is +6,5°C. In London, the low temperature in April is +5°C and the high temperature is +13°C. the average is +9°C. In London, the low temperature in May is +6°C and the high temperature is + 15°C. The average is +10,5°C. In London, the low temperature in June is +12°C and the high temperature is +20°C. The average is +16°C. In London, the low temperature in July is +13°C and the high temperature is +22°C. The average is +17,5°C. In London, the low temperature in Au­ gust is +13°C and the high temperature is +22C. The average is +17,5°C. In London, the low temperature in Sep­ tember is +10°C and the high tempera­ ture is +18°C. The average is +14°C. In London, the low temperature in Octo­ ber is +7°C and the high temperature is +14°C. The average is +10,5°C. In London, the low temperature in No­ vember is +4°C and the high tempera­ ture is +10°C. The average is +7°C. In London, the low temperature in De­ cember is +3°C and the high tempera­ ture is +8°C. The average is +5,5°C. The average temperature of the year in London is +10,5°C. In Kyiv, the low temperature in Janu­ ary is -6°C and the high temperature is -1°C. The average is -3,5°C. In Kyiv, the low temperature in Febru­ ary is -6°C and the high temperature is 0°C. The average is -3°C. In Kyiv, the low temperature in March is -3°C and the high temperature is +5°C. The average is +1°C. In Kyiv, the low temperature in April is +5°C and the high temperature is +13°C. The average is +9°C. In Kyiv, the low temperature in May is +10°C and the high temperature is +20°C. The average is +15°C. In Kyiv, the low temperature in June is -fl4C and the high temperature is +23°C. The average is +18,5°C. In Kyiv, the low temperature in July is +15C and the high temperature is +25°C. The average is +20°C. In Kyiv, the low temperature in August www.4book.org
    • is -H4°C and the high temperature is +24°C. The average is +19°C. In Kyiv, the low temperature in Septem­ ber is +10°C and the high temperature is +19°C. The average is + 14,5°C. In Kyiv, the low temperature in Octo­ ber is + 5°C and the high temperature is +12°C. The average is +8,5°C. In Kyiv, the low temperature in Novem­ ber is -1°C and the high temperature is +4°C. The average is +1,5°C. In Kyiv, the low temperature in Decem­ ber is -2°C and the high temperature is -4°C. The average is -3°C. The average temperature of the year is +8,125°C. b) 1. July and August are two hottest months in London. 2. July is the hottest month in Kyiv. 3. January and February are two coldest months in London. 4. January is the coldest month in Kyiv. 5. The difference between the average temperatures in London and Kyiv is 2,375°C. 6. No, we can’t. Ex. 4, p. 22 The diagrams show that there are more rainfalls in London than in Kyiv. 5.Ex. 1, pp. 23-24 a) 1. oak ~ дуб 2. pine - сосна 3. fir - ялина 4. birch - береза b) 1. golden eagle - беркут 2. otter - видра 3. starling - шпак 4. (wild) boar - дикий кабан/вепр 5. blackbird - чорний дрізд 6. woodpecker “ дятел 7. sparrow - горобець 8. sea-gull - чайка 9. robin - вільшанка Ex. 4, p„ 25 1. Cobra is most often met animal in India. 2. White Tiger and Asiatic Lion are the rarest animals in India. 3. Asiatic Lion can be found in the west part of India. 4. No, there are no peacocks in the south of India. 5. Cobras and Indian Elephants live in the south-west of India. 6. There are more animals in the east of India than in the west of India. 6. Ex. 1, pp. 25—26 1. 2a; 3b; 4c; 5d; 6e; 7f; 8g; 9h. Ex. 2, p. 26 People use the following words to de­ scribe the British: polite, with a sense of humor, relaxed, funny, unconventional, kind, unfriend­ ly, cold, friendly. 7. Ex. 1, p. 28 a) 1. This place is the park near where she lives. 2. There are many very old trees - some of them have been there for almost a hundred years. 3. The writer likes this place when the weather is hot, because you can keep cool under the trees. 4. The writer prefers to be in the park in autumn, because the leaves are fantastic colours - red, orange, yellow and gold. 8. Ex. 3, p. 30 a) le; 2c; 3b; 4f; 5a; 6d. b) Greeting: How are you? What’s up? Hi... Hello... Do you miss me? Dear... Body: I feel fine, The weather is... I’m planning to... I have seen... As far as I can see, Seriously speaking, Therefore, I hope you can help me... I play golf and tennis, I have been... I am very happy, Today it is sunny and warm, ...is beautiful, As a rule, I’m writing to tell you... Closing: Best wishes, Goodbye... Bye-bye, In... Miss you, Love, Your... See you soon, Pleas, let me know... Lots of love, Best regards, www.4book.org
    • Ex. 4, p. 31 b) 1, 2, 5, 7. 10. Ex. 2, p. 32b 1. Ukraine is bounded by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. 2. Polissia is a region in the north of Ukraine. 3. Roman-Kosh is the highest mountain in the Crimean Mountains. 4. The longest river in Ukraine is the Dnipro, 5. Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine. 6. The west of Ukraine is more moun­ tainous than the east of it. 7. The state of Ukraine is situated in Europe. 8. The Trent is one of the most impor­ tant rivers in England. 9. In the east, Great Britain is bounded by the North Sea. 10. London, the capital of the United Kingdom, stands on the Thames. 11. Loch Lomond is one of the most beautiful lakes in Scotland. 12. The Rio Grande flows on the border between the United States and Mexico. 13. Times Square is the central square in New York City. 14. Fifth Avenue is the street which is famous for its expensive shops. 15. The British Isles are separated from the continent by the English Channel. Ex. 3, p. 32b The British Isles lie off the north-west coast of continental Europe. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of Eng­ land, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ire­ land. Britain occupies the greater part of the British Isles. The largest of the islands is Great Britain. The main areas of high land are in Scot­ land and Wales. In England, there’s range of hills called the Pennines. The highest mountains in Scotland and Wales are Ben Nevis and Snowdon. The longest rivers are the Severn and the River Thames. Ex. 4, p. 32b 1. America was discovered by Christo­ pher Columbus. 2. About half of the United States’ ter­ ritory is covered by mountains. 3. Southern parts of England are rarely covered by snow. 4. Warm air is brought to Great Britain by The Gulf Stream. 5. The Great Lakes in the north part of the USA are connected by natural chan­ nels. 6. The territory of the USA in the west and in the east is bounded by two oceans. 7. Scotland is separated from England by the Cheviots. 8. The Great Wall of China is called a wonder of the modern world by many people. Ex. 5, p. 32b 1. Great Britain is situated in the north­ west of Europe. 2. Ukraine is bounded by two seas in the south. 3. The Carpathian Mountains are cov­ ered with forests. 4. The people of Great Britain are called the British. 5. Great Britain is separated from Eu­ rope by the English Channel. 6. The territory of the UK is divided into four parts. 7. The national bird of Great Britain is called robin. 8. More than 200 languages are spoken in London. 9. Scottish kilts are worn by men. 10. Nearly all forests of Great Britain are cut down. Ex. 6, p. 32c Visited, told, had attacked, gave, was finished, was, was guarded, was, lived, watched, checked, wanted, had to go, served, were called, was, were, guarded, was attacked, ran, lit, could be seen, hasn’t been used, is. 11. pp. 32c - 32d 1A; 2A; ЗА; 4A; 5B. Unit 3 1. Ex. 2, pp. 32-33 1. the astronauts’ diet; clothes. 2. The face gets puffy and large and the legs become thinner. 3. It is important because the body is weightless all the time, but the muscles must work not to lose their functions. www.4book.org
    • 4. They do so because of the weightless­ ness everything floats away. 5. They do so because of the weightless­ ness everything floats away. 6. I think they ware spacesuits. No, they don’t. Dry cleaning is better for it. 7. No, they can’t. 3. Ex. 3, p. 36 ID; 2A; 3F; 4C; 5B; 6C. Ex. 4, pp. 36-37 1. Extreme sports are more popular now. 2. Young people chose to participate in extreme sports because they are attract­ ed to the individuality and self-expres­ sion, which are the main characteristics of this kind of sports. 3. Extreme sports develop self-confi­ dence and physical fitness, strength and stamina, discipline and determination. 4. Extreme sports are not so dangerous if to wear the necessary equipment. 4. Ex. 2, p. 37 1. False. 4. True. 7. False. 2. True. 5. False. 8. True. 3. True. 6. False. 9. True. Ex. 4, p. 38 b) A2; B4; Cl; D5; E6; F7; G3; H13; 18; J9; K14; L10; M il; N12; 015; P17; Q18; R19; S20; T16; U21. 5. Ex. 2, p. 39 a) IE; 2D; 3B; 4A; extraC. 8. Ex. 2, p. 44 a) li; 2f; 3g; 4e; 5b; 6d; 7a; 8c; 9h. b) date; 1 greeting: 2, 3 body: 4, 5 closing: 6, 7, 8 sender: 9 Ex. 3, p. 44 greeting: 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 15, 30 body: 11, 12, 16, 17, 21, 29, 30, 32 closing: 1, 2, 4, 5, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36 Ex. 4, p. 45 Short forms: how’s; can’t; wasn’t; I’m; we’ve; we’re; we’ve; I’d; I’ve. Incomplete sentence: Boring! a) How’s it going? b) Thanks a lot! c) We’ve got d) Loads of 10. Ex. 2, p. 48 Id; 2b; 3f; 4g; 5a; 6c; 7h; 8e; 9j ; lOi. Ex. 3, p. 49 1. Sara says that people on that planet can be just like us. 2. Ron says that he wants to make new friends here. 3. Vira says that they hope to meet the aliens the next day. 4. Lin says that they have a lot of work that day. 5. Megan says that she will send a let­ ter to her parents the following week. 6. Rich Spaceman says that they are proud of the team’s success. 7. John Curious says that he would in­ form us of the news the next day. Ex. 4, p. 49 1. Rich Spaceman said that they were looking forward to the news from space. 2. Megan said that they had taken the pictures of that planet the previous day. 3. Vira said that she had never seen this flower before. 4. Ron said that he wanted to send the picture of that planet to his brother. 5. Ali said that they were getting ready for a meeting with aliens at that time. 6. Sara said to prepare to land on that planet. 7. Megan said not to use knives and forks on their spaceship. Ex. 5, p. 49 la; 2b; 3e; 4c; 5d; 6f. 1. She said she was eating yoghurt at that time. 2. The teacher said to his students not to translate word for word in that text. 3. The professor said to start our plan. 4. The policeman said to them to get out of the car. 5. Helen said she had enjoyed getting up late the previous day. 6. Vira said to describe our idea of life on that planet. Ex. 1, pp. 49 - 50 1 - L, O 4 - C, A 2 - P, R 5 - E 3 - G, Q, K 6 - M, B Ex. 2,p. 50 1. - 5. is 2. be 6. to 3. to 7. with 4. - 8. in 7 - I, D 8 - H, S 9 - A, N, F 9. at 10. - 11. on www.4book.org
    • Unit 4 1. Ex. 3, p. 54 a) 1. False. 5. True. 9. False. 2. True. 6. True. 10. False. 3. False. 7. False. 11. True. 4. False. 8. True. 2. Ex. 1, pp. 54-55 a) 1g; 2h; 3b; 4f; 5a; 6i; 7d; 8j; 9c; lOe. Ex. 2, pp. 55—56 1. - c,d, e, f,g, i, k, 1. 2. - a, d,e, k, 1,m. 3. - b, c,d, e, f,g, h,i,k,1, n. 4. - b, c,d,e,f, g, h, i, j, k,1, n, o. 4. Ex. 2, p. 58 a) 1. True. 4. False. 6. True. 2. True. 5. False. 7. True. 3. True. Ex. 3, p. 59 Id; 2f; 3c; 4b; 5a; 6e; 7g. Ex. 4, pp. 59-60 a) 1. The story is set in a magic and mystery world. 2. The main character is a hobbit named Frodo Baggins. 3. The other characters are Gandalf, Sauron, Ringwraiths and others. 4. The main conflict is the Ring of Power. 5. Sauron and his Ringwraiths want to take the ring away from Frodo and de­ stroy the Middle-Earth. 7. He thinks that the book is very excit­ ing and it catches the reader. 6. Ex. 1, p. 62 C - A - B 1. The main character of the story is a schoolboy or a schoolgirl, who stayed at the cousin’s house in the mountains during the summer. 2. The character got lost in the moun­ tains. 3. A dog helped the character. 4. The dog brings the character home. Ex. 2, p. 63 Setting: it all happened last summer/ during my last holidays; one day/morn- ing; to begin with. Description of the main events: after a while; at first; soon; suddenly. Ending: in the end; finally. 8. Ex. 1, p. 66 d) The teacher told the students to put the liter in the bins. The teacher told the students to wear only school uniform. The teacher told the students to respect their friends. The teacher told the students to be quiet in class. The teacher told the students not to wear jewelry. The teacher told the students not to bring mobile phones to school. The teacher told the students not to throw stones or snowballs. The teacher told the students not to smoke. Ex. 2, pp. 66 - 67 1. My friend told me to take those books from the school library. 2. Mom asked me to go out with the dog. 3. The teacher told us not to eat during the lesson. 4. The teacher told us to finish the test quickly. 5. He told us to take the bus which is waiting on the parking lot. 6. The tutor told me to register that morning. 7. Allen’s parents told him not to walk too far from that place. 8. Granny told me to wash my hands im­ mediately. 9. Ihor asked Max to open the window. 10. The neighbour asked Fanny to give the letter to her dad. 11. Dad told Jay to help her brother. Ex. 3, p. 67 1C; 2A; 3B; 4A; 5C; 6C; 7C; 8B; 9A; 10C. Ex. 4, pp. 67-68 b) 1. The waitress suggested us to sit over there. 2. Mike said he might go to Spain again. 3. Sara said she had to finish the report. 4. He said he might see John. 5. The teacher said that we should get ready for the test. 6. My friend said that I didn’t need to do that at that moment. 7. Our boss told us we didn’t need to come the next day. 8. Dad said that I should go to school the next day. 9. The policeman said he couldn’t solve that problem. 10. The tutor said we might be free at that time. 11. The principal said that the students could go on a field trip. www.4book.org
    • 12.The nurse said that my parents should come to school the next day. 9. pp. 68-69 1A; 2D; 3B; extraC. Unit 5 2. Ex. 2, pp. 72-73 a) 1 - засоби масової інформації 2 - аудиторія 3 - передплачувати 4 - трансляції 3. Ех. 2, р. 76 1і; 2d; 3f; 4е; 5h; 6b; 7с; 8j; 9а; 10g. Ех. З, pp. 76—77 Castaway - а; Freaky Eaters - f; American Idol - a; Friends - c; The World - e; Imagine - b. 4. Ex. 1, pp. 77-78 a) A 4 - і 7 - f b) 1 - a 5 - е 8 - h 2 - е 6 - d 9 - b 3 - g 6. Ex. 2, p. 81 Id; 2e; 3b; 4a; 5c. Ex. 3, p. 82 a) 1. False. 3. True. 2. True. 4. False. 8. Ex. 2, p. 85 The reporter asked me whether I had ever been to Alaska. He asked me what it was like. He asked me when I had gone there. He asked me who had gone with me there. He asked me whether it had been cold. He asked me how long I had stayed there. He asked me if I would go back. Ex. 3, p. 85 1. Yesterday Linda asked me if Max had flown to London two weeks ago. 2. Yesterday Robert asked me if I was leaving the following Friday. 3. Yesterday Daniel asked me if it would rain the next day. 4. Yesterday Barbara asked me if she had to do the homework that week. 5. Yesterday Jennifer asked me where I was playing football that day. 6. Yesterday Nancy asked me why I hadn’t gone to New York last summer. 7. Yesterday Jason asked me who had given me the book the previous day. Ex. 4, p. 85 1. She asked where her umbrella was. 2. Martin asked us how we were. 3. He asked if he had to do that. 4. The mother asked her daughter where she had been. 5. She asked her boyfriend which dress he liked best. 6. She wanted to know what they were doing. 7. He wanted to know if I was going to the cinema. 8. The teacher wanted to know who spoke English. 9. She asked me how I knew that. 10. My friend asked me if Caron had talked to Kevin. 11. He wanted to know what time it was. 12. He wanted to know where they had lived. 13. He asked her if she would be at the party. 14. She asked me if I could meet her at the station. 15. She wanted to know why he didn’t help her. 16. He asked me if I had seen that car. 17. The mother asked the twins if they had tidied up their room. Ex. 5, p. 86 1. Could you tell me where the toilets are? 2. Do you know if I can park here? 3. Could you tell me how long the film lasts? 4. Do you know how often the buses run? 5. Do you know if we are allowed to smoke? 6. Could you tell me what time the fight is? 7. Could you tell me how much a ticket costs? 9. pp. 86-87 lc; 2d; 3b; 4b. Unit 6 1 . Ex. 3, p. 90 lc; 2e; 3f; 4g; 5a; 6d; 7b. Ex. 4, p. 91 a) dance music; folk tunes; classical music; pop; rock music; techno; house music; folk rock; heavy metal; progres­ sive rock; urban music; drum; bass; trip-hop; UK garage. www.4book.org
    • 2. Ex. 1, p. 91 String instruments/(the) strings: chello, piano, harp, banjo; Percussion instruments/(the) percussions: maracas, cymbaly gong; Woodwind instruments/(the) woodwinds: violin, fiddle, flute, recorder; Brass instruments/(the) brasses: xy­ lophone, clarinet, trumpet, trombone, French horn. Ex. 2, p. 92 Symphony orchestra; Folk ensemble, folk quartet; Brass orchestra, brass quartet, brass band; Pop band, pop group, pop ensemble; Jazz band, jazz group, jazz quartet, jazz orchestra, jazz ensemble; String orchestra; Chamber quartet, chamber ensemble, chamber orchestra. Ex. 3, p. 92 These instruments belong to the wood­ wind group. 3. Ex. 2, p. 93 1 - Michael Jackson; 2 - Beyonce; 3 - Britney Spears; 4 - Eminem; 5 - Shak- ira; 6 - Jon Bon Jovi. 1. Britney Spears started her career at the youngest age. 2. Britney Spears has had the shortest career yet; Michael Jackson has had the longest career yet. 3. Jon Bon Jovi plays more instruments than the others. 4. Michael Jackson, Beyonce, Eminem, Shakira are involved in non-music ac­ tivities. Ex. 3, p. 94 IF, 2G, 3D, 4B, 5A, extraC, E. Ex. 4, p. 94 1. True 4. False 7. False 2. False 5. False 8. True 3. True 6. True 5. Ex. 1, p. 97 a) Would you like to... Why don’t you/we do smth? Let’s do smth I’d (really) rather not... How about doing smth? What about doing smth? Ex. 3, p. 97 Sam: Hi, Lee! Let’s go to the philhar­ monic hall tomorrow. Lee: No, I’m not fond of classical music. I think it’s boring. Sam: Then why don’t we go to a jazz concert? Lee: Good idea, Sam! Would you like to invite Mark to go with us? Sam: Hi, Mark! We’re going to the jazz concert tomorrow. Would you like to come with us? Mark: Jazz concert? No, I don’t want to go. I prefer a rock festival. Sam: Rock festival sounds fun! Hey, Mark, since you live near the box office, could you pick up the tickets for us? We’ll pay you back tomorrow. Mark: Well, okay, but you have to pay me back, what tickets would you like me to get? Lee: I don’t particularly like too far from the stage. It’s not fun. Mark: I agree with Lee. I prefer to be closer to the stage at rock concerts. 6. Ex. 2, p. 98 a) 1C; 2D; 3E; 4A; 5B. 8. Ex. 2, p. 102 a) li; 2h; 3a; 4c; 5g; 6j; 7f; 8d; 9e; 10b. b) 1. A policeman told Christopher to stop shouting. 2. Anna reminded Janet not to forget to sign the form. 3. Daughter agreed to do the washing-up. 4. A doctor advised a patient to go to bed. 5. A man refused to give the robber his money. 6. Martin wondered if anyone had rung Nancy an hour ago. 7. Mother promised her son to punish him if he didn’t behave. 8. Robert asked what time the office closed that evening. 9. Simon invited Susan to join him for lunch. 10. Tessa admitted that she had eaten all the cake yesterday. Ex. 1, pp. 103- 1. + 2. + 3. Europe’s 4. orchestra 5. composer 6. composing 7. + 8. musical 9. violin 10. + 11. years 12. pieces 13. were written -104 14. journeys 15. + 16. + 17. musicians 18. composers 19. dancing 20. horse 21. composing 22. + 23. + 24. genres 25. quartets l www.4book.org
    • Ex. 2, p. 104 1. True 3. True 5. True 2. False 4. True Unit 7 1. Ex. 2, pp. 108-109 Ostroh - c Livadia Palace - b Pysanka Museum - a Ex. 3, p. 109 b) 1. Have you ever baked... 2. Have you been invited... 3. has been just found 4. has been 5. haven’t ridden 6. have been here 2. Ex. 1, pp. 109-110 1. Jay-Z 2. Nelly Furtado 3. Nelly Furtado 4. Justin Timberlake, Jay-Z 5. Alicia Silverstone Ex. 3, p. 110 1C, 2B, 3D, 4A. Ex. 4, pp. 110-111 b) 1. Mark said he would see me in the office. 2. Emma told that the conference would take place the following week. 3. Chris asked if I would go to the cin­ ema with him. 4. Doctor told me that I would have to be there at three o’clock the following afternoon. 5. Emily promised to call me if she heard anything. 6. TV host informed that it would be cold tomorrow. 7. Jim told that he would spend his holi­ days in Spain the following summer. 8. Mrs White said she would stay at home the following weekend. 9. Debby promised to meet him at the station and show him the way. 10. Mother told that she would be that book for him. 11. Grandma promised to bake a cake for the party. 12. Sam said he would ask the teacher to explain the rule again to him. 4. Ex. 2, p. 113 lc, 2a, 3b, 4e, 5d. Ex. 4, pp. 113-114 1. True. 3. False. 5. False. 2. False. 4. True. Ex. 5, p. 114 b) 1. If you say that again, I will scream. 2. Ann will be sorry if Helen doesn’t come. 3. I’ll miss you if you go to Wales. 4. Will you stay here until the plane takes off? 5. As soon as I arrive I’ll phone you. 6. I’ll open the window as soon as it stops raining. 7. I shall wait till you finish this re­ port. 8. If you get there first, keep a sit for me. 9. You can stay here till the doctor in­ vites you. 10. I’ll bring the dish as soon as it is ready. WORKBOOK Unit 1 1 Ex. 2, p. 4 Last week our class went on an excur­ sion to Nausicaa, the Sea Life Centre near Boulogne. First we went through a tunnel with blue lights over the walls. The end of the tunnel led into a large room in the middle of which there was a tube from floor to ceiling full of jel­ lyfish. To the left of jellyfish there were some televisions showing a video of whales, dolphins, coastline environ­ ment, polluted rivers and seas. To ac­ company the television screen there were three telephones each describing what was happening on the video. One spoke in English, one in French and one in German. There was a touch tank that contained about five different types of coral. We were able to touch them. Below the touch tank, there was a large tank that had some well camouflaged flat fish. There were some small tanks that www.4book.org
    • had brightly coloured fish in them. The glass was cleverly made so that it looked like there was no glass at all. Near some crabs and lobsters there was a model fishing trawler on which we were allowed to walk. We saw all the old ropes and nets and a video about fishing trawlers in the past. There was a mas­ Ex. 2, p. 5 Zinedine Zidane Michael Jordan His family had ... children. five five He played ... with his friends all the time. football basketball He started his career in sports at the age of... 16 18 He is famous because... he was the most expen­ sive player in football history. He is a great basketball player ... made him successful. Hard work and ambition His strong family back­ ground and personal goals sive shark tank with seven sharks in it. The most frightening thing about that tank was that it was above us. 2 Ex. 1, p. 5 1. basketball 4. hockey 2. volleyball 5. chess 3. tennis Ex. 3, pp. 5-6 1. Anybody can do keep-fit exercises. 2. You don’t need special clothes. 3. You don’t need money; you don’t need time to travel. 4. All you need is 10 minutes a day. 5. Always start slowly and gently. 6. If you simply follow these instruc­ tions you’ll enjoy yourself. 7. If you do it twice a week you’ll be fit­ ter and healthier soon. 3 Ex. 1, p. 6 ...is good for you ...is bad for you Fresh fruit Plenty of fresh air Fish Regular exercise Salad Green tea Smoking Lots of sugar A lot of stress Junk food Too much salt Convenience food Ex. 2, p. 6 How to be Green Pizzas, burgers and other take-away foods are very popular. But on the next visit to a fast food restaurant take a look at the empty cartons. These keep food warm when you take it home, but do we really need them in a restaurant? How many minutes is it from the moment you are given your food to the moment you throw away* the carton? Not long, is it? Do you really need the carton? In some restaurants, the food is given to you in paper, so at least there is less rubbish. In addition to the cartons, we throw away paper cups, plastic forks and packets of ketchup, salt and pepper - even more than we have used. Most fast food restaurants create this rubbish be­ cause we don’t like waiting for our food. Do we really need to eat in such a hurry? If you must go to fast food restaurants, try not to take things you will not use. You should also remember to put your litter in a bin. Ex. 1, p. 7 1. Ice Age is an animated cartoon. 2. It was made by Disney World Studio. 3. The events take place 20,000 years ago. 4. The main characters are three very different mammals. 5. They are Sid, Manny and Diego. 6. They go to the south together. 7. They find a human baby and take care of him. 8. The friends go through a lot of ad­ ventures. www.4book.org
    • 9. In the end they understand that friendship is very important. 10. The film is full of humor. 11. The characters are sounded by fa­ mous actors. 12. The film is good for all ages. 13. It is a comedy mixed with drama. Ex. 2, p. 8 Tom: Have you heard the news about David? Harriet: No. What happened? Tom: He had an accident. He was walking downstairs. He fell and broke his leg. Harriet: Oh, how awful! When did it happen? Tom: Yesterday afternoon. Mel told me about it last night. Harriet: Last night! You knew about it last night, and you didn’t tell me! Tom: Well, I didn't see you last night. And I haven't seen you today, until now. Harriet: I hope he’s all right. He has had lots of accidents, you know. He did the same thing two years ago. 8Ex. 1, p. 1. marsh 2. valley 3. island Ex. 2, p. 8 Unit 2 1 4. desert 7. coast 5. steppe 8. forest 6. lake Relief Water General notions Desert Hill Mountain Steppe Valley Lake Marsh Ocean River Sea Continent Area Island Territory Land Ex. 3, p. 9 1. The brown colour shows mountains on maps. 2. The green colour is used to show val­ leys. 3. Deserts are marked with the yellow colour on maps. 4. The blue colour denotes water on maps. 5. Dark-green and black are used to show marshes on maps. Ex. 1, p. 9 Ukraine Great Britain Type of the country Continental country Island country Territory 603,000 square kilometres 244,000 square kilometres Distance from the south 900 km About 1,000 km to the north Distance across 1300 km About 500 km Population 46 million people Over 57 million people Nations Ukrainians English Russians Welsh Byelorussians Scottish Moldovans Irish Tatars Ex. 1, p. 10 Ukraine Great Britain Relief Mostly a plain, covered with steppes and forest-steppe regions Lowlands and Highlands Location of moun­ tains The Crimean Mountains in the south and the Carpathian Moun­ tains in the west The High-lands in northern Scotland, the Cheviot Hills in the boundary between England and Scotland, the Pennies in the centre of England, the Cambrian Mountains in Wales and in the north England www.4book.org
    • Ex. 1, p. 11 Generally, the climate of Ukraine is comfortable. The climate is changing from one region to another. So the cli­ mate of the western regions is milder, while climate of the eastern regions is colder. Temperature changes from the north-west to the south east. The coldest months are January and February with the average temperature of about -8°C. The driest month is July with +18°C in the north and north-west and +23°C in the south and south east. The number of hours of sunshine every year differs from 1,700 in the north to more than 2,400 in the south. Ukraine gets more of it from May to September. Ex. 1, p. 12 There are more rainfalls in the north and north-west than in the south. Most of them are in the warm time of the year. The continental part is the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov areas. In winter, there is often snow but it doesn’t stay long in the Crimea. The change of seasons is clearly seen in Ukraine. Winter is long, with frosts and snow. It lasts for 120 to 130 days in the Ukrainian Carpathians, and from 75 to 90 days in the Crimea. Spring begins when the daily average temperature gets over 0C. In spring, light frosts may happen. Southern and western regions of Ukraine meet spring first. Great Britain Ukraine Territory taken by forests 7% 14% Where the forests are In the north and east of Scotland The Carpa-thians and Polissia Typical trees Pine, oak and birch Pine, fir, oak and birch Typical animals Foxes, hedgehogs, hares, rabbits, rats and mice, otters, deer, lizards, snakes, frogs 45 thousand kinds of mammals, birds, fish and reptiles. Forest animals: deer, bears, wolves, squirrels, insects, lizards and snakes. Plain animals: foxes, hares, reptiles. Carpathians: deer, brown bears, wild cats, boars, squirrels Typical birds Blackbirds, sparrows and starlings, robin, ducks, geese and sea-gulls. Ducks, swans, pelicans, golden eagles, woodpeckers Ukraine Great Britain The highest moun­ tains The Carpa-thians with the highest peak Hoverla 2061 m high, the Crimean Mountains with Roman- Kosh (1545 m high) Ben Nevis (1343 m), Snowdon (1085 m) Forests In Volyn The best-known wood is Sherwood Forest The longest rivers The Dnipro (2,285 km), the Danube, the Dniester, the South­ ern Bug, the Desna The Severn (354 km), the Thames (346 km), the Tyne, the Trent, the Clyde Lakes About 20,000 The Lake District in the north-west of England. The most famous lake is Loch Ness in Scotland, Lough Neagh is the largest in the UK (situated in Northern Ireland) www.4book.org
    • Ex. 2, p. 12 The Giant’s Causeway is an area of about 40,000 basalt columns. It is situated in the north-east of Northern Ireland. In 2005, the Giant’s Causeway was named the fourth greatest natural wonder in the United Kingdom. The tops of the columns form stepping stones that lead from the hill and disappear under the sea. The tallest columns are about 12 metres high. The area is home for lots of different sea birds, and in the rock formations a lot of rare and unusual plants can be found. 8 Ex. 1, p. 15 1 - 4 . 6 - 1 0 . 1 1 - 3 . 2 - 5 . 7 - 1 1 . 1 2 - 8 . 3 - 1 2 . 8 - 13. 13 - 7. 4 - 1 4 . 9 - 9 . 14 - 6. 5 - 1. 1 0 - 2. 10 Ex. 1, p. 16 Egypt is situated in North Africa. Egypt is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. It borders on Libya in the west, Sudan in the south, and Israel in the east. It is mostly desert. Egypt consists of four main regions: the Nile Valley, the Western Desert, the Eastern Desert, and the Sinai Peninsula. The Nile Valley is the most important region. It was created by the world’s second-long­ est river. The Nile River flows about 1,600 kilometres through Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile reaches it at Cairo, the capital of Egypt. Ex. 2, p. 16 1. were 2. were called; looked 3. were built 4. put 5. formed 6. was placed 7. had 8. was buried 9. was closed 10. can be seen Ex. 3, pp. 16-17 1. The Statue of Liberty was given to the US by France in 1886 as a present on the 100thanniversary of the US. 2. It was designed by Frederic A. Bar­ tholdi. 3. The Statue of Liberty was shipped to New York in 350 pieces. 4. On the statue the date of the Declara­ tion of Independence (July 4, 1776) can be seen. Ex. 1, p. 17 1. valley 8. set 15. marsh 2. plain 9. fir 16. desert 3. wood 10. rain 17. steppe 4. woodpecker 11. rainfall 18. eagle 5. high 12. lake 19. pine 6. land 13. humid 20. step 7. highlands 14. wolf 21. relief Ex. 2, p. 17 The United States borders in the north on Canada and in the south on Mexico. It is bounded by the Pacific Ocean in the west, the Atlantic Ocean in the east, and the Gulf of Mexico in the south-east^ Alaska takes the north-western part of the continent of North America, includ­ ing a lot of islands. The Hawaiian Is­ lands are in the Pacific Ocean. About half of the United States’ terri­ tory is covered by mountains. The east­ ern part of the country is occupied by the Appalachies Mountains. The western part of the country (including almost the whole of Alaska) is made up of high mountain ranges of the Cordillera Moun­ tains. The longest river in the United States (and the longest in the world) is the Mississippi with the Missouri which flows into it. Mississippi flows to the south into the Gulf of Mexico. Another important river of the United States is the Hudson River which flows across the northeastern part of the country into the Atlantic Ocean at New York. World-famous is the region of the Great Lakes, situated in the north-east of the United States on the border with Canada. It is a system of five great lakes connected by natural channels. 12 11 Ex. 1, p. 18 a. deserted b. breast c. coastline d. to overcome e. to come upon f. to fall behind Ex. 2, p. 18 1. breast 2. incognito 3. extremely, deserted 4. overcame 5. fell behind g. to camp h. magnificent i. heat j. extremely k. incognito 6. heat 7. coastline 8. magnificent 9. came upon 10. camp. www.4book.org