• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
10 gdz am_n_u
 

10 gdz am_n_u

on

  • 6,141 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
6,141
Views on SlideShare
1,276
Embed Views
4,865

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0

10 Embeds 4,865

http://4book.org 4782
https://www.google.com.ua 27
http://www.google.com.ua 16
http://shpor.ru 11
http://bookgdz.ru 9
http://mail.4book.org 6
http://91.200.42.139 6
http://webcache.googleusercontent.com 4
http://youdz.at.ua 3
http://grrg633lfzxxezy.dd34.ru 1
More...

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    10 gdz am_n_u 10 gdz am_n_u Document Transcript

    • w М . Н е с в іт w A . п ід р у ч н и к а w ДО п .4 bo ok .o M m т и rg игнксьт К І ІВ
    • Unit 1. Му Family and Friends m u Ш X 8 . L e s s o n s 1 - 2 . F r ie n d s h ip O n lin e , 7a. 1. A : W h a t a r e y o u d o i n g t h is a f t e r ­ noon? W h y N o t? B : N o th in g m u c h . I ’m ju s t g o in g 1 . e -m a il e a c h o t h e r t o s it a ro u n d an d read m y b o o k . 2 . resp on se ■3. g i v e u p d a t e s a b o u t 2 . A : W h a t a re y o u d o in g to m o r r o w ? 4 . in it ia t e B : I ’ m g o i n g f o r a v o y a g e b y th e r iv e r w ith П З 5 . w a s fa s c in a te d b y so m e fr ie n d s ’. s G. t r e n d y o u t f i t s 3 . A : W h a t a re y o u d o in g th is w e e k e n d ? I T >N 2. Q. B : I ’m g o in g t o O x fo r d w it h m y b o y fr ie n d 8 . 1 . H e w a s fa s c in a te d b y h e r v o ic e . s p o n s e fr o m th e u sers. T h e s ite has r e c e iv e d a p o s it iv e re­ 3 . A l l t h e c i t y ’ s .s c h o o l s w i l l e - m a i l e a c h Ъ 0 З 4 . M a n y co m p a n ie s h a v e g iv e n th e d e v e lo p m e n t B : I ’m g o in g f o r d in n e r w it h m y p a r e n ts . T h en I ’m g o in g to m eet so m e fr ie n d s and o th e r b y th e en d o f th e yea r. about / g ir lfr ie n d . 4 . A : W h a t a r e y o u d o in g o n F r id a y ? u p d a tes o f a s o c ia l n e t ­ g o d a n cin g . 5 . A : W h a t a re y o u d o in g to n ig h t? B : I t h in k I ’ m g o in g t o th e c in e m a . W h a t 01 5 . S h e b o u g h t a n ew t r e n d y o u t fit s f o r a about you? 'a >s S p a rty . 6 . A : W h a t a re y o u d o in g a ft e r th e c la s s ­ 6 . T h e r e p o r t p r o v id e s a b r ie f in it ia t iv e es? o n th e p r o g r e s s o f th e p r o je c t. B: X 9. 1. rea d m y n o tes fro m a I’m .4 bo ok .o s rg w ork . X W r o n g ! S u sa n w a s s c e p t ic a l a b o u t ju s t g o in g to sta y hom e and c la s s . W h a t a b o u t m a k in g a f r ie n d o n lin e . '■Q- о ex. < CD you? 2 . W r o n g ! T h e g ir ls b e ca m e fr ie n d s fo u r 9 . 1. A : W h a t a r e y o u g o i n g t o d o la t e r ? B : I a m g o in g t o e a t s o m e t h in g w it h m y years ago. frie n d . 3 . R ig h t! 2 . A : W h a t a re y ou g o in g to d o to n ig h t? 4 . R ig h t! 5 . W r o n g ! S u sa n is lo o k in g fo rw a r d to B : I am g o in g to sta y at h om e an d to g o v i s it i n g h e r f r ie n d in th e U S A in fu t u r e . b e d e a r ly b e c a u s e I a m t ir e d . W h a t a b o u t 6 . R ig h t! О you? 3. A : W h a t are y o u g o in g L e s s o n s 3 - 4 . O u r F r ie n d s w < a n d In te re sts 5. A n n ; I t ’ s m y b i r t h d a y s o o n . I ’ ll b e s i x ­ w u to d o at th e w eekend? B : I a m g o in g t o th e c in e m a w it h m y b o y ­ f r ie n d t o s e e a n e w film . 4 . A : W h a t a re y ou g o in g t o d o n ow ? w te e n n e x t F r id a y . A u n t O lh a : O h , r e a l ly ? A r e y o u g o i n g t o >s B : I a m n o t g o in g t o d o m u ch , ju s t t o g o have a p a rty ? < A n n : I 'm g o in g t o h a v e lu n c h in a c a f e h o m e a n d h a v e s o m e t h in g t o e a t. W h a t abou t you? w it h a fe w fr ie n d s . L e s s o n s 5 - 6 . F a m ily M a t t e r s A u n t O l h a : T h a t ’ ll b e n i c e . 7 . 1. T o g o fo r c o ffe e / a w a lk 2 . T o g o t o t h e c in e m a / / a rest. th e p a rk / b e d 5 .1 . What is a great pleasure for the au­ thor? B. e a r ly . 2 . W h a t s e n te n c e d e s c r ib e s 3 . T o g o h o m e / s h o p p in g / d a n c in g . b est? A . th e m oth er 4 . T o p la y fo o tb a ll / th e p ia n o / b a s k e t ­ 3 . H o w is th e g i r l ’s m o th e r s u p p o r tiv e ? b a ll. A. 5 .T o w a t c h T V /t h e 0 1 y m p ic s o n T V /a D V D . 4 . W h y d o e s th e g ir l c o n s id e r h er m oth er 6 . T o r e a d m y n o te s fr o m c la s s / m y b o o k t o b e a n in s p ir a t io n ? C. / th e p a p er. 6 . 7. To sta y at hom e / h ere / at your 1. I n s p ir a t io n is a p o w e r fu l e f f e c t th a t s o m e b o d y o r s o m e t h in g h a s o n a n o th e r esi frie n d s . person . esj 8 . T o h a v e s o m e t h in g t o e a t / a s h o w e r / 2. a m e a l. a n d c a u s e s p e o p le t o ta k e n o tic e . r««» R e m a r k a b le is u n u s u a l o r s u r p r is in g
    • 3. E n co u ra g e m e n t m ea n s to g iv e s o m e ­ h o m e . I n e v e r u s e d t o lie t o h im o r b r e a k b o d y th e d e s ir e , c o n fid e n c e a n d e n th u s i­ h is r u le s . I w a s t o o s c a r e d ! I t ’ s p r o b a b ly a s m t o d o s o m e t h in g w e ll. 4. F r u s tr a tin g m eans n ic e r b e in g y o u n g n o w a d a y s b e ca u s e p a r ­ fe e lin g annoyed e n ts a r e m o r e lib e r a l. a n d im p a t ie n t b e c a u s e y o u c a n n o t d o o r L e s s o n s 9 - 1 0 . L ife C h a ll e n g e s a c h ie v e s o m e t h in g . 2 э . 5. E n su re m ea n s to m a k e su re th a t s o m e ­ w h ic h th in g h ap p en s. t io n s h ip s , e n t e r t a in m e n t, L i f e s t y l e is t h e w a y a p e r s o n l iv e s , in c lu d e s p a ttern s o f s o c ia l r e la ­ and d ress. A 6 . I m p a c t m e a n s to f o r c e o r s t r o n g ly p e r ­ life s t y le t y p ic a lly a ls o r e fle c t s in d iv id u a l s u a d e s o m e b o d y t o d o s o m e t h in g . a t t it u d e s , v a lu e s a n d o p in io n s . L e s s o n s 7 - 8 . O n e D a y in M y L ife A 5a. 1 . T u r n o u t . life s t y le d e v e lo p s a s e n s e o f s e lf-id e n ­ t it y a n d c r e a te s c u ltu ra l s y m b o ls . T h e b e ­ 2 . A w a ite d . h a v io u r s a n d p r a c t ic e s w it h in a life s t y le 3. R e sort. a re a m ix tu r e o f c u s t o m s , o r c o n v e n t io n ­ 4 . P o t e n t ia lly . a l w a y s o f d o in g t h in g s , o n e ’s h a b it s , a n d 5 . R e c a ll. o n e ’s r e a s o n e d a c t i o n s . 6 . O c c a s io n a lly . In b . 1. You don’ t happen to await her ad­ dress, do you? te rn s b u s in e s s life s ty le w h ic h r e fe r s in v o lv e how to life p e o p le p a t­ liv e , rg s p e n d th e ir t im e a n d u s e t h e ir m o n e y . A s a c o n s t r u c t th a t h e lp s c o n s u m e r s in t e r a c t career. w it h t h e ir w o r ld , l if e s t y le is a s u b je c t t o .4 bo ok .o 2 . H e n o w f a c e s th e b ig g e s t r e c a ll o f h is 3 . M y d a d o fte n ta k e s m y frie n d s a n d m e to a sk i r e s o rt to F ra n ce. con sta n t ch a n ge. In th e e n v ir o n m e n t life s t y le is o ft e n a s ­ 4 . W e o n ly se e e a ch o th e r v e r y o c c a s io n ­ s o c ia te d a lly . G re e n life s t y le s a re t h o s e life s t y le s th a t w it h a p a r t ic u la r fo o tp r in t. 5 . T h e m o s t p o te n tia l m o m e n t w a s h e a r­ c o n s u m e le s s o f th e p la n e t ’s n a tu r a l r e ­ in g th e te s t re s u lts . sou rces. 6 . It w a s a d i ff i c u lt t im e , b u t e v e n t u a lly t h in g s t u r n o u t a ll r ig h t . 1 1. “ L if e s t y le ” , is th e a c c e p t e d o r p a r t ia lly a c c e p t e d d iffe r e n c e s w it h in th e m a jo r it y I ’ m 8 5 n o w a n d th in g s h a v e c h a n g e d a c u ltu r e . lo t s in c e I w a s y o u n g . W h e n I w a s g r o w in g T a k en fr o m W ik ip e d ia , w u p , p e o p le w e r e m u c h m o r e p o lit e . M e n a l­ w a y s u sed t o h o ld d o o r s o p e n f o r w o m e n , 5 . 1. th e fr e e e n c y c lo p e d ia . W h a t a re c h ild r e n u p t o a g e f o u r ­ te e n in te re s te d in ? B . 2 . W h a t is a d o le s c e n c e ? A . p e o p le n e v e r u se d t o a r g u e w it h th e ir p a r ­ 3 . W h a t c h a n g e s ta k e p la c e in t h is p e ­ en ts, r io d ? B. but w w p e o p le w o u ld o f f e r b u s s e a ts t o o ld p e o p le , b u t n o b o d y d oes th a t a n y m ore. Y o u n g m any teen a g ers now adays do t h a t k in d o f t h in g . T h e fa m ilie s u s e d t o 4 . W h a t d o y o u n e e d t o le a r n ? C. b e m u c h b ig g e r . A n d th e fa m ilie s u se d to 6 . b e r ic h b y th e n u m b e r o f th e c h ild r e n th e y th e h a d . Y o u n g p e o p le a lw a y s u se d t o s ta r t th in g s . 1. T o d is t in g u is h m e a n s t o r e c o g n iz e d iffe r e n c e b etw een tw o p e o p le or w o r k in g a t th e v e r y e a r ly a g e . B o y s u sed 2 . M is u n d e r s t a n d in g is a c o n v e r s a t io n o r t o h e lp t h e i r f a t h e r s in t h e fie ld o r t o s h e p ­ d i s c u s s io n in w h ic h t w o o r m o r e p e o p le h e r d t h e c a t t le . G ir ls u s e d t o h e lp t h e ir d is a g r e e . m o t h e r s t o w o r k in th e v e g e t a b le g a r d e n 3 . C o m p r o m i s in g is a n a g r e e m e n t m a d e or ago, b e t w e e n t w o p e o p le o r g r o u p s in w h ic h y o u n g w o m e n n e v e r u s e d t o b e a llo w e d t o e a c h s id e g iv e s u p s o m e t h in g th e y w a n t g o o u t w it h o u t s o m e o n e t o w a tch th e m . s o th a t b o t h s id e s a r e h a p p y in th e e n d . arou n d th e house. S ix ty years G ir ls n e v e r u s e d to w e a r m a k e -u p e ith e r . 4 . T r a n s it io n is th e t im e in a p e r s o n ’s l if e I t w a s n ’ t a llo w e d . A ll t h a t h a s c h a n g e d . w h e n h e o r s h e d e v e lo p s fr o m a c h ild in t o P a re n ts w e re s t r ic t e r th e n , t o o . M y d a d a l­ a n a d u lt. w a ys u sed to ask m e w h ere I w as g o in g and 5 . A d ju s t m e n t m e a n s a s lig h t d is a g r e e ­ h e u s e d t o t e ll m e w h a t t im e h e w a n t e d m e m en t o r a rg u m en t.
    • со u 01 X 8 . W e h a v e o f f e r e d f a m ily r a f t i n g t r ip s s in c e 1969. A nd your fa m ily w e k n ow th a t you and m em bers put m any hopes in to y o u r v a c a tio n s . Y o u e x p e c t to h a v e th e t im e o f y o u r liv e s . Y o u a ls o w a n t t o b e r e la x e d e n o u g h . O n o u r F a m ily F r ie n d ly го v a c a t io n s y o u c a n fe e l b e in g u n ite d an d ій d e p e n d e n t, a d v e n tu ro u s a n d e a s y -g o in g X w h ile s p e n d in g y o u r t im e t o g e t h e r . т >> a 5 'с 0 З л 1 ш со а >s S I W e a ls o h a v e k n o w n th a t y o u d re a m fil l in g y o u r f a m ily v a c a t io n a lb u m m e a n in g fu l and jo y fu l of w it h m e m o r ie s . It c o u ld b e p la y in g f r is b e e o r v o lle y b a ll o n o n e o f th e h u g e s a n d y b e a ch e s a lo n g th e L o w e r S a lm o n R iv e r a ft e r a r e fr e s h in g s w im o r p e r h a p s r a f t in g o n th e e x c it in g M a in S a lm o n R a p id s b e fo r e s o a k in g in a n a tu r a l h o t s p r in g . It c o u ld a ls o b e a la z y b r e a k fa s t o n th e R o g u e R iv e r ; o r s e e in g a fa m ily o f m o o s e a s th e y d r in k fr o m th e 1 a . 1. False. 2. False. 3. False. 4. False. 5. True. 6. True. b . 1. What did Anastasia put on? B. Jeans and a shirt. 2. What did she get out of the garage? B. A bike. 3. Where is Anastasia’s family going to move? C. To the suburbs. 4. Why did Anastasia' wrinkle her nose sometimes? B. To adjust her glasses. 5. Why did Anastasia and Robert go to the river? A. It was hot. 6. What did they do at the river? A. They watched the boats. .4 bo ok .o s L e s s o n 1 3 . T e s t Y o u r S k i l ls A d o le s c e n c e is а c h a n g e in t h e w a y a rg 6. p e r s o n b e h a v e s o r th in k s . '-е- о W y o m i n g ’s S n a k e R i v e r . 2 . T h e s e a r e th e k in d s o f life lo n g m e m o rie s и It’s surprising how little time we spend talking to each other. We devote count­ less hours to our work and studies, dif­ ferent problems that we don’t have the luxury of talking about what’s really im­ portant in our lives. Nothing is more val­ uable than family. Many people, however, have found solutions to solve problems in their families. Jane’s friend has a large globe at her front door. When her younger brother returns from school with the current events or geography homework, they immediately check the globe to find the specific coun­ try, state, or city. Their entire relation­ ship has become more trusting of their ‘ neighbours.’ Michelle tells her younger sister one ad­ venture story at night to ease the bedtime struggle. They both enjoy this time spent together. Mary gives new life to her cousin’s best­ loved stuffed animals by turning them into puppets. Then little children have hours of fun creating plays and stories for family and friends. Their elder sister takes the puppets where she baby-sits and says they are always a hit! Family really matters. We just need to find time for each other. your fa m ily c a r r y in g aw ay a fte r th is f a m ily a d v e n tu r e v a c a t io n . O n ly th e y w ill а с be e v en b e tte r, b e ca u se th e y a re y o u rs. < C Q B r ia n , m y fr ie n d fr o m G re a t B r ita in . О 9. 1. A : O h , S t e v e . I ’d l ik e y o u t o m e e t B : H e llo , B r ia n . N ic e t o m e e t y o u ! Is th is y o u r fir s t t im e in U k r a in e ? w J3 U ■S 2 . A : A r e y o u c o m in g t o J a c k ’s b ir th d a y p a rty ? B : Y es, o f c o u rs e , b u t I w a n ted to ask w < y o u — is it O K i f I b r in g a fr ie n d ? w 3 . A : S o T o m , is A le x y o u r c o u s in ? B : N o ! W e ’re ju s t g o o d fr ie n d s . X < 4 . I ’ m t h in k in g o f jo in i n g t h is w e b s it e . Y o u c a n g e t b a c k in t o u c h w it h p e o p le y o u u s e d t o k n o w . I’ v e lo s t t o u c h w it h m o s t o f m y fr ie n d s fr o m m y fo rm e r s c h o o l an d w o u ld lo v e t o m e e t s o m e o f t h e m a g a in . 5 . A : S o h o w m a n y p e o p le a r e c o m in g t o y o u r p la c e ? B : N o t m a n y . J u s t th e fa m ily a n d a fe w c lo s e fr ie n d s . 6 . I t’s h a rd f o r m e h e r e . I g e t q u ite lo n e ­ ly s o m e t im e s . I h a v e n ’t r e a lly m a d e a n y fr ie n d s s in c e I ca m e t o s tu d y h ere. 7. A ; S o h o w d o y o u k n o w S u s a n ? Ч Г CSI B: O h, I d o n ’t r e a lly know her very w e l l , a c t u a l l y . S h e ’s a f r i e n d o f a f r i e n d r e a lly . F a m ily M a tte rs
    • 3. F i f t y Y e a r s o f M y L i f e ( 1 9 3 9 - 1 9 9 0 ) J ; W h a t d iffe r e n c e s d o y o u see b e tw e e n It w a s n ic e t o v is it y o u r f a m ily a n d fr ie n d s th e p e o p le y o u ’v e m e t h e r e a n d A m e r i­ f o r a lit t le w h ile , b u t o v e r th e y e a r s w h ic h I ca n s back hom e? h a d b e e n aw ay, s o m a n y th in g s h a d ch a n g ed T J : R o y a , m y fr ie n d , t h in k s th a t p e o p le i n m y m o t h e r ’s t o w n . T h e l i f e s t y l e t h e r e h e r e a r e p r e t t y g e n u in e ; a t fir s t I d id n ’ t is d iffe r e n t fr o m w h a t I e x p e c t e d t o see. th in k s o . I k n e w v e r y lit t le a b o u t U k r a in ­ W h a t I w a s o b s e r v in g w a s th a t m a t e r ia l­ ia n s . W h e n I in t r o d u c e d m y s e lf t o s o m e is tic th in g s a re m o re im p o rta n t fo r som e U k r a in ia n k id s in th e c it y a n d t r ie d t o b e p e o p le th a n s h a r in g lif e w it h e a c h o th e r . fr ie n d ly , t h e y s im p ly n o d d e d t h e ir h e a d s O n e p e r s o n h a s t r ie d t o o u t d o th e o th e r s w it h o u t in It w a s u n u su a l f o r m e. W e , A m e r ic a n s , t h e ir m a t e r ia lis t ic b e h a v io u r . I h a v e a n y e x p r e s s io n on th e ir fa ce s . n e v e r lik e d th a t k in d o f life , a n d I h a v e s m ile a lo t. n e v e r b e e n in t e r e s t e d in it. M o s t p e o p le J : H a v e y o u le a r n e d a n y t h in g fr o m th in k th a t b y h a v in g a n d s h o w in g m u ch e x p e r ie n c e ? th is w e a lth w ill p la c e th e m in h ig h e r s ta tu s in T J : F r o m t h is c a m p I le a r n t th a t I r e a lly th e s o c ie t y . I fe e l a lw a y s y o u c a n s h o w o f f w a n t to d o a stu d y abroad p rog ra m m e. a ll o f y o u r w e a lt h , a n d t r y t o im p r e s s y o u r IO C is g r e a t . I t h in k w it h a s t u d y a b r o a d fa m ily , fr ie n d s a n d n e ig h b o u r s , b u t i f y o u p r o g r a m m e th o u g h . I c a n a ls o see m o re o f o n ly h a v e a fe w n ic k e ls o f k n o w le d g e , y o u th e co u n try . w ill b e n o b o d y in lif e . I a lw a y s b e lie v e in 6 . l i v i n g in a n o p e n w o r ld a n d b e i n g a b le t o H e le n ? s e e h o w o t h e r c u lt u r e s liv e . T h e r e a r e s o H e le n : Y e s , I h a v e . L a s t y e a r I t o o k p a r t T a k e n f r o m a M e m o ir b y J e ff R . N oord erm eer J o u r n a lis t (J ): H ave you w h e r e e ls e in t e r n a t io n a lly ? gone any­ you rg H ave .4 bo ok .o m a n y t h in g s w e c a n le a r n fr o m e a ch o th e r. 4. Ann: ever been abroad , in a s t u d e n t p r o g r a m m e . A n n : D id you in c r e a s e y o u r k n o w le d g e a b ou t stu d en t p rog ra m m es a b roa d ? H e le n : Y e s , I d i d . It g i v e s g r e a t l if e o p ­ p o r tu n itie s . T o m J u s te s e n (T J ): I g u e s s I w a n te d to A n n : R e a lly ? W i ll it h e lp y o u w it h f u t u r e t r a v e l, b u t it w a s n e v e r m y p r io r it y . I ’v e p r o je c ts ? b e e n to G re e ce b e fo r e on a s ch o o l s ig h t­ H e le n : Y e s , i t w il l. s e e in g t r ip . I lik e d G r e e c e , b u t a ll w e sa w w o r k fo r a n a c t iv e f u t u r e . I b u ilt s k ills o f w w e r e r u in s d a y in a n d d a y o u t . I w o u ld It la y s th e g r o u n d ­ t e a m w o r k , c o lla b o r a t io n a n d r e la tio n s h ip b u ild in g . h a d e a rn e d to c o m e h e re w a s w o rth it. Ann: w lik e t o s e e m o r e o f t h e s ig h t s . T h e m o n e y I H a v e y o u b u ilt r e a l r e la tio n s h ip s th a t c o n t in u e v i a p h o n e , e -m a il a n d le t ­ y o u p a id f o r t h is c a m p y o u r s e lf? ters? w J : T h e m o n e y y o u e a r n e d ... D o y o u m e a n T J: Y e a h , I h a d to sa v e m o n e y fo r it. I H e le n : O f c o u r s e ! I a m w ork ed f r ie n d s a n d w e c h a t w it h e a c h o t h e r e v e r y tw o p a r t-tim e jo b s . The fir s t fo n d o f m y new w as at a d a y ca re ce n tre , w h ere m y tw o d a y . E x p lo r in g t h e w o r ld is v e r y in t e r e s t ­ c o u s in s w o rk . in g a n d u s e fu l. I w ork ed th e r e fu ll-t im e in J u n e . I a ls o w o r k e d w it h m y d a d , w h o A n n : D id y o u b e c o m e a p a r t o f a y o u t h o w n s a brew ery . le a d e r n e tw o rk ? J : H o w d id y o u r fr ie n d s a n d fa m ily r e a c t H e le n : Y e s , I d i d . I h a v e l e a r n t a b o u t t h e ­ t o y o u r g o i n g t o U k r a in e f o r t h e I n t e r n a ­ a tr e , c r e a t iv e w r it in g a n d d e b a te s . I c r e ­ t io n a l O u tre a ch C a m p ? a te d th e a tre p r e s e n ta tio n s a n d a r tw o r k . T J : S o m e a s k e d , “ W h e r e is U k r a in e ? ” a n d I h a v e e x p e r ie n c e d “ W h y a r e y o u g o i n g ? W e l l , t h a t ’ s c o o l . .. ph ere. a t le a s t y o u ’ re d o in g s o m e t h in g m o r e th a n A n n : S o , y o u c r o s s e d c u ltu r a l b a r r ie rs ? b e in g a t th e b a s k e t b a ll c o u r t e v e r y d a y .” It H e le n : w a s n ’ t lik e , “ Y o u ’ r e l iv i n g o u t m y d r e a m ! you 1 r e a lly jo in any an a m a z in g crossed stu d en t I w a n t e d t o g o th e r e s o m u c h !” P e o p le o f abroad. m y a g e d o n ’t e v e n k n o w a b o u t C h e rn o b y l. A n n : Thank you . G oodbye. I’m o n ly s e v e n te e n , y o u k n ow . H e le n : S e e y o u la t e r . th e m . a tm os­ I w is h program m es
    • Unit 2. Sport and Leisure H ’ш и О ) L e s s o n s 1 - 2 . S p o r t s in а S o c i e t y 2. C O : Y o u k n o w , I d id n ’ t r e a lly h a v e s p o r t s 1 . B a d m in to n is a g a m e f o r tw o p la y ­ h e r o e s . F o r m e, th e m a in t h in g w a s p la y ­ iC s X т >ч а g: с 0 5 in g s p o r t s . I n e v e r r e a lly fo llo w e d s p o r t t le c o c k o v e r a n e t. on ch an ged fie ld b y t w o t e a m s o f s i x p la y e r s e a c h . го e r s . T h e y h a v e r a c k e ts . T h e y h it a s h u t ­ 2 . Ic e h o c k e y is a g a m e p la y e d o n a n ic e X w h a t m a k e s o t h e r s p o r t s p e o p le t ic k , h o w 3. B a s k e tb a ll is a gam e in w h ic h tw o t e le v is io n . now , O b v io u s ly , becau se th a t I w ant has to a ll know t h e y t h in k a n d t r a in . t e a m s o f fiv e p la y e r s b o u n c e a n d p a s s a J : W h a t w a s y o u r m o s t m e m o r a b le s p o r t ­ b a ll d o w n th e c o u r t t o s c o r e b y s in k in g in g e v e n t as a s c h o o lg ir l? th e b a ll in t o a fix e d n e t b a s k e t. C O : A p a r t fr o m r u n n in g a b o u t a n d fe e lin g 4 . G o l f is a g a m e in w h ic h y o u u s e lo n g g r e a t , I th in k p la y in g n e tb a ll w a s a m a z in g . s t ic k s c a lle d c lu b s t o h it a s m a ll b a ll in t o W e h a d a g o o d te a m , o n e w e e k w e ’d lo s e b it ­ h o le s in a fin e g r a s s y p a t c h . t e r l y a n d t h e n e x t w e ’d w i n s p e c t a c u l a r l y , 5 . F o o t b a ll is a n o u t d o o r g a m e f o r tw o a n d I a lw a y s t o o k a lo t o f p r id e in w e a r in g m y s c h o o l s h ir t a n d c o m p e t in g f o r th e m . b a l l i n a g o a l a t e a c h e n d o f a fie ld . J : D id s p o r t s i n t e r f e r e w it h y o u r s c h o o l- 6 . C h ess is a g a m e f o r tw o p la y e r s w h o w ork ? h a v e s ix t e e n fig u r e s w h ic h t h e y m o v e o n C O : It c a n i n t e r f e r e in a s e n s e , b u t t h e r e is a b o a r d . T h e y m u s t t r a p t h e o p p o n e n t ’s 1 о» С й a lw a y s t im e t o d o b o t h i f y o u a r e s e n s ib le . rg te a m s o f e le v e n p la y e r s w h o t r y t o p u t th e S k in g t o w in th e g a m e . X 7. P i n g - p o n g is a n i n d o o r g a m e f o r t w o o r good s o m e t im e s f o u r p la y e r s w h o h it a s m a ll n e v e r fo r g e t th e ir h o m e w o rk . p la s t ic b a ll a c r o s s a n e t. J : W h a t a d v ic e w o u ld y o u g iv e t o s c h o o l­ 8 . W a t e r p o lo is a s w im m in g g a m e p la y e d c h ild r e n in t e r e s t e d in a s p o r t s c a r e e r ? w it h a b a ll a n d t w o g o a ls . Y o u m u s t b e C O ; Y o u n eed a rea l lo v e fo r y o u r s p o rt a v e r y g o o d s w im m e r . and 9 . P o le v a u lt is a s p o r t in g e v e n t. P a r t ic i­ i t , y o u n e e d t o b e a b le t o g o o u t a n d t r a in p a n ts t r y to ju m p o v e r a h ig h b a r, u s in g w h e n it is f r e e z in g c o ld a n d w h e n y o u fe e l '■в- о о. с: <■ 00 о a lo n g p o le t o pu sh t h e m s e lv e s o f f th e s o m e o n e is a t s p o r t s , t h e y s h o u ld r e g a r d le s s o f h ow good w J : Y o u a r e an O lim p ic g o ld m e d a lis t w h o w ill d e fe n d h e r t it le in S t r a t f o r d in 2 0 1 2 . a r e at a p a in . A lif e in s p o r t is n o t g o in g t o b e ly in g o n y o u r p h y s ic a l p o w e r , it is a b o u t p u t t in g a ll o f y o u r s e lf in t o it . I f y o u h a v e a ll o f th a t, y o u h a v e a s t a r t . an J : W h a t a re y o u r v ie w s o n w W h e r e d id y o u g o to s c h o o l, a n d w a s s p o r t w im p o rta n t p a rt C h r is t in e X you e a s y ; d o in g a s p o r t is n o t ju s t a b o u t r e ­ grou n d. 5. I c e r ta in ly th in k th a t r e g a r d le s s o f h ow .4 bo ok .o л of O h u ru ogu your (C O ): sch ool I life ? a tten d ed how sp orts s h o u ld b e d e liv e r e d a t s c h o o l? S t E d w a r d s C h u r c h o f E n g la n d S c h o o l, C O : W e h a v e a p r o b le m w it h k id s n o t e n ­ R o m fo rd . it jo y in g sp o rts . S u ch a te n d e n cy h as to be h e lp e d m e t o e x p e n d m y h o r iz o n s . T h e r e < c h a n g e d . S p o r t t e a c h e s u s im p o r t a n t life It w a s a good s c h o o l, and w a s a g o o d s e t u p f o r s p o r t , w it h g o o d f a ­ le s s o n s s u c h a s t e a m w o r k in g , b e in g a c ­ c ilit ie s a n d a v e r y c o m p e t e n t P E s t a f f. c o u n t a b le f o r y o u r a c t io n s , a n d q u a lit ie s J : H o w d id y o u r c a r e e r d e v e lo p a t s c h o o l? w e n e e d in lif e . C h ild r e n s h o u ld b e a c t iv e C O : G e t t in g s e r io u s a b o u t a t h le t ic s p r e t t y a n d h e a lth y , a n d a w a y f r o m b a d life s t y le m u ch c a m e a ft e r s c h o o l; u n til I le ft s c h o o l c h o ic e s . I n e v e r h a d a n in k lin g I w o u ld g o t o th e 7. O ly m p ic s a s a n a t h le t e . B u t I t o o k p a r t in 2 . A h o r iz o n — a re a ch . 1. T o e x p e n d — t o e n l a r g e . e v e r y t h in g , p la y in g in d iv id u a l a n d te a m 3 . C o m p e t e n t — q u a lifie d . s p o r t s . I t r ie d m y b e s t a t h o c k e y , n e tb a ll, 4 . A fa c ilit y — a c o n v e n ie n c e . t e n n is a fe w tim e s , a t h le t ic s , a n d I lo v e d еа г. * CJ N 5 . A n in k lin g — a h in t. s p o rts day. 6 . T o tic k — t o tw in k le . J : W h ic h s p o r ts p e o p le in s p ire d y o u as a 7. T o in t e r fe r e — t o t r o u b le . s c h o o lg ir l? 8 . A c c o u n t a b le — r e s p o n s ib le .
    • 8 . 1 . W e c o u ld s e e a s h ip o n th e h o r iz o n . 2 . T h e h o te l h a s its o w n p o o l a n d le is u r e O u t-o f-S c h o o l gam es, A c t iv it ie s w a lk in g or in c lu d e jo g g in g , a c t iv e w r e s t lin g fa c ilitie s . w it h y o u r fr ie n d s , o r t o s s in g a b a ll in th e 3 . T h e s t u d y w ill b e c o m p e t e n t t o in c lu d e b a c k y a r d . T h is is s o m e t h in g y o u c a n d o in n e r -c ity y o u th . e v e ry day. 4 . H e is th e o n ly c o a c h q u a lifie d e n o u g h 8. t o tr a in th e te a m b e fo r e th e g a m e . n a m en t? 5 . T h e s p o r t s c e n t r e s h o u ld b e h e ld a c c o u n t ­ 2 . T h e n e w s p o r t s e q u ip m e n t w a s b r o u g h t 1. W h o h a s s ig n e d f o r th e te n n is t o u r ­ a b le f o r t h e q u a li t y o f s e r v ic e it p r o v id e s . to o u r s c h o o l la s t m o n th . 6 . A n x i e t y c a n i n t e r f e r e w it h c h i l d r e n ’s 3 . I f S u e is n ’ t t o ld t o w e a r th e p r o p e r p r o ­ p e r fo r m a n c e a t th e c o m p e t it io n . t e c t iv e g e a r b e fo r e r o lle r s k a t in g , s h e w ill 7. S h e h a d a b s o l u t e l y n o i n k l i n g o f w h a t b e in ju r e d . w as g o in g on . 4 . T h e y h a v e t r a in e d in th e s c h o o l s p o r t s 8. I’v e never r e a lly u n d erstood w hat m a k e s h e r in te r fe r e . 4a. 5 . D o y o u p la n y o u r d a ily w o r k o u ts in th e L e s s o n s 3 - 4 . S p o r t s a n d Y o u th A: Do you y a rd fo r tw o h o u rs. e n jo y gym ? p a r tic ip a tin g in 6. If you w a n t to b u ild good m u s c u la r d a n c in g ? s t r e n g t h a n d e n d u r a n c e , y o u s h o u ld t r a in B : I e n jo y d a n c in g . A n d y o u ? r e g u la r ly . A : W e ll, I r e a lly lik e w a t c h in g it , b u t I L e sso n s 5 - 6 . T a k e C a re o f 4. th e H o u se o f You! T a k in g C a re o f t h e H o u s e o f Y o u ! .4 bo ok .o B : W h a t abou t oth er sp orts? rg d o n ’ t lik e d o in g it v e r y m u c h . A : W e ll, I q u ite lik e s w im m in g , b u t m y M any p e o p le s i s t e r A n n r e a l ly h a te s it. th e ir hom es. 6 . E x e rc is e D o ’s p a in t c o lo u r s ta k e p r id e in C h o o s in g d e c o r a t in g ju s t a n d fu r n it u r e th e r ig h t s t y le h e lp s T h e g r e a t t h in g a b o u t e x e r c is e is a n y a c ­ b r in g th e ir e n t ir e h o m e in t o fo c u s . T h in k t iv it y th a t g e ts y o u m o v in g is g o o d ! T r y o f y o u r b o d y lik e a h o m e — y o u r b o d y is t o e x e r c is e a c t iv e ly f o r a b o u t an h o u r a y o u r te m p le , y o u r “ b e a u t i f u l h o m e ” . It r e ­ d a y a t le a s t 3 d a y s a w e e k , a n d r e g u la r q u ir e s lo v e a n d a t t e n t io n , a n d w h e n y o u m o d e r a te a c t iv it y d u r in g th e r e s t o f th e g iv e it th e s e t h in g s , y o u b r in g y o u r b o d y w eek . Y ou ca n ch o o s e fro m : in to fo cu s . R e g u la r A c t i v it i e s w h ic h in c lu d e s s p o r t s B e in g a t e e n a g e r is a c h a lle n g in g t im e . lik e T h e p r a c t ic e o f y o g a c a n h e lp y o u g e t t o b a s k e t b a ll, etc. It r u n n in g , s o c c e r , v o lle y b a ll, a ls o in c lu d e s c y c lin g , w w a lk in g , te n n is , w fo o tb a ll, and b r is k s w im ­ w m in g . A lw a y s m a k e s u r e y o u ’ r e w e a r in g k n o w y o u r b o d y a n d y o u r t r u e s e lf in a n o n ju d g m e n ta l w ay, and fin d w ays to ch an n el y o u r ex cess e n erg y m ore p ro d u c­ th e p r o p e r p r o te c tiv e g e a r w h a te v e r a c ­ tiv e ly . t iv it y y o u c h o o s e ; a s m e n tio n e d p r e v io u s ­ Y o g a is p e r fo r m e d ly , t r y t o d o t h i s le v e l o f a c t i v i t y a t le a s t (p o s e s ) in c o m b in a t io n w it h b r e a th w o rk 3 t im e s a w e e k . a n d d e e p c o n c e n t r a t io n . O n e o f th e n o t ic e ­ M u s c le -S t r e n g t h e n in g h e lp s you b u ild b y a flo w o f A sanas a b le b e n e fits o f t h is p r a c t ic e is th e o v e r a ll m u s c u la r s t r e n g t h a n d e n d u ra n c e . It ca n fe e lin g o f w e ll-b e in g . In p a r t ic u la r , y o g a in v o lv e u n s t r u c t u r e d can a c t iv it ie s lik e us­ be a g r e a t s u p p o r t fo r th e m a tu ra ­ i n g t h e p l a y g r o u n d e q u ip m e n t . It c a n a ls o tio n o f y o u r in n e r o r g a n s . Y o u w ill b e ­ in c lu d e g in t o fe e l m o r e c o m fo r t a b le in p h y s ic a l u s in g stru ctu re d w e ig h t s , stren g th m a c h in e s , or w ork ou ts your ow n b o d y w e ig h t . A lw a y s w o r k w it h a n a d u lt , s t r e n g t h a n d h e a lth . B e s id e s , th e p r a c t ic e c a n b e a w o n d e r fu l c o a c h , t r a in e r o r o t h e r e x p e r t b e fo r e y o u a n d fu n w a y o f p r a c t is in g d is c ip lin e . A s s ta rt lift in g y o u p r a c t is e , y o u b e c o m e a w a r e o f y o u r w e ig h t s to m ake su re you k n o w th e r ig h t e x e r c is e s a n d h o w to d o ow n b o d y ’s in t e llig e n c e , a n d o f th e f o ­ th e e x e r c is e s c o r r e c t ly . Y o u c a n a d d th is cu sed, t y p e o f a c t iv it y 2 t o 3 d a y s a w e e k , w it h at g rea ter le a s t a d a y o f r e s t b e tw e e n s e s s io n s . your a t t e n t iv e pow er. s e lf-c o n fid e n c e in n e r resou rces, Y o u ’ ll by d e v e lo p d is c o v e rin g w h ic h w ill d e fi-
    • n it e ly h e lp you deal w it h th e d y n a m ic d a ily e x p e r ie n c e s . Y o g a ca n p r o v id e y o u ш и Ol X B: P ow er yoga is th e m ost p h y s ic a lly d e m a n d in g , b e c a u s e i t ’s a d y n a m ic c o n ­ w it h a w a y t o c o n n e c t w it h y o u r s e lf, a n d t in u o u s flo w o f m o v e m e n t s a n d p o s t u r e s . w it h t h e b e a u ty w it h in a n d a r o u n d y o u . B r e a t h in g is a ls o a n e s s e n t ia l e le m e n t, a s T h e p r a c t ic e o f y o g a o f fe r s y o u a h e a lth y , y o u n e e d t o le a r n t o s y n c h r o n is e b r e a t h ­ c h a lle n g in g w a y t o e x p e r im e n t, to p u sh in g w it h th e m o v e m e n ts a n d u s e b r e a t h ­ b o u n d a r ie s , a n d g a in a s e n s e o f a c h ie v e ­ го 5 £ S X in g t o g e t in a n d o u t o f th e p o s t u r e s . m e n t in a n o n -c o m p e t it iv e e n v ir o n m e n t . A : H o w h a r d is it ? 5 .1 . B : I t ’s v e r y h a r d , b u t th e r e a r e b e g in n e r P a in t c o lo u r s 2 . A f u r n it u r e s ty le c o u r s e s th a t w ill te a c h th e b a s ic s . 3. A : W h o is it g o o d f o r ? C h a lle n g in g t im e т 4. E x cess en erg y B : It is g o o d f o r t h o s e w h o h a v e a lr e a d y а 5. B rea th w ork d on e oth e r fo rm s o f y o g a , fo r w ork ou t fa ­ с 0 3 а 1 О ) 0 Q 6 . A d e e p c o n c e n t r a t io n n a tic s w h o n e e d a n e w c h a lle n g e , a n d fo r 7. N o t i c e a b l e b e n e f i t s w o m e n w h o w a n t t o g e t k ille r a r m s . 8. A great su pport A : C a n y o u g iv e u s a n e x a m p le ? B : T h e B a ck w a r d B e n d is g r e a t f o r g e t ­ 9. In n er org a n s 10. Physical strength t in g s u p e r -to n e d a rm s a n d le g s . 1 1 . C le a r a t t e n t io n A : W h e r e c a n y o u d o it a r o u n d th e c o u n ­ 1 2 . D y n a m ic e x p e r ie n c e try ? rg .5 B : E v e ry w h e r e , ju s t s u r f th e In te r n e t an d >s 6 . X 3. 5 4 . T o b e p e rfo rm e d by. P a in t b a ll h a s c o m e t o U k r a in e fr o m 5 . In c o m b in a t io n w it h . U SA y o u w ill fin d m u c h in fo r m a t io n . 2. T o b r in g sm th in to fo c u s . .4 bo ok .o о 1 . T o ta k e p r id e in . T o t h in k o f s m th lik e s m th e ls e . 1 1 . F e e lin g L u c k y ? T r y P a in t b a ll a c o u p le o f y e a r s a g o . A th e p a in tb a ll g a m e in v o lv e s tw o te a m s s e t t in g o u t to “ con qu er” < 0Q 7. A great support for smth. m ig h t b e p r o t e c t e d a p o p s t a r o r r e le a s e d 8 . T o d e v e lo p a g r e a te r s e n s e o f s e lf-c o n fi­ h o s t a g e s . P la y e r s a r e s u p p o s e d t o fin is h О d e n ce b y d o in g sm th . th e g a m e w it h o u t g e t t in g a d r o p o f p a in t 9 . T o d e a l w it h s m th . o n t h e ir c lo t h e s . W h e n y o u a r e p la y in g 10. T o g o w it h e x p e r ie n c e in d a ily life . p a in t b a ll, y o u a r e p r o v id e d w it h s p e c ia l 11. T o p r o v id e s m b w it h s m th . e q u ip m e n t; 1 2 . T o g a in a s e n s e o f a c h ie v e m e n t. a h e lm e t p r o t e c t in g ъс J3 U ■S 7. w < w 6 . T o f e e l c o m f o r t a b l e i n s m b ’s p h y s i c a l s t r e n g t h a n d h e a lth . Q j [Z 1 . W h a t d o t h e g e n t le y o g a e x e r c is e s s p e c ifie d an o b je c tiv e , e x t r a -th ic k th e w h ic h c a m o u fla g e , fa ce and ears, a n d a “ g u n ” lo a d e d w it h a g a s c y lin d e r a n d g e la t in e c a p s u le s ^ e d w crea te? a w it h p a in t. A . F le x ib ilit y a n d s tr e n g th . X < I t ’s t h e c a p s u l e s t h a t h i t a p l a y e r l e a v i n g 2 . W h a t d o e s th e y o g a c la s s in c o r p o r a te ? p a in t C. F e d e r a tio n w a s o r g a n iz e d b y S a c u r a ; n e w M e d ita tio n , s e lf-m a s s a g e a n d g u id e d s ta in s . The U k r a in ia n P a in tb a ll im a g e r y . m e m b e r s a r e a lw a y s w e lc o m e . T h e r e is a 3. p la c e in H y d r o p a r k w h e r e y o u c a n t r y th is W h a t o p p o r t u n it y d o e s t h e y o g a c la s s c h a lle n g in g a n d fa s c in a t in g a c t iv it y . g iv e to th e p a r ticip a n ts ? L e s s o n s 7 - 8 . W a tc h in g S p o r t B . T o s lo w d o w n a n d r e la x . a n d S p o r ts C o m p e titio n s 4 . W h a t is t h e c o s t o f t h e c la s s e s ? B . $ 12 f o r a s in g le c la s s . 3. 5 . W h e n w ill th e c la s s e s s t a r t ? a fte rn o o n . A. On January 6th. A : W e ’ re g o in g t o p la y fo o t b a ll th is B ; R e a lly ? W h e r e a r e y o u g o in g t o p la y ? 6 . W h a t e ls e m u s t p a r t ic ip a n ts d o ? A : T h e r e ’s a p it c h in t h e p a r k n e a r th e C . B r in g a y o g a m a t. r iv e r . 9. еа г«« evj B: B : Is th e re ? A : W h o d o e s it? G w y n eth P a lt r o w , G eri H a lliw e ll, A : Y e s . D o y o u lik e p la y in g fo o t b a ll? S a d ie F r o s t , J u d e L a w , M a d o n n a . B ; Y e s , I p la y q u it e a lo t b a c k h o m e , b u t A : W h at d o you do? I’m n ot v e ry g o o d .
    • A : N e it h e r a m I. W h y d o n ’ t y o u c o m e w it h T h e s e tw o te a m s w e r e fin a lis t s la s t y e a r . us an d h ave a g a m e? W e n eed an ex tra S h a h t a r h a s w o n th e c o m p e t it io n f o r th e p la y e r . f o u r t h t im e o u t o f t h e n in e y e a r s . B : I ’d l o v e t o , b u t I h a v e n ’ t m y b o o t s w it h L e s s o n s 9 - 1 0 . O ly m p ic m e. G a m e s : P a st in t o F u tu re A : T h a t ’s O K . I ’m s u r e s o m e o n e c a n le n d 5. y ou som e. G a m e s C h a n g e d T h e ir L iv e s B : O K . W h a t t im e a r e y o u g o in g t o p la y ? T h e y w o n g lo r y . J u s t 12 m o n th s a g o B r it ­ A f t e r B e ijin g 2 0 0 8 : H o w t h e O ly m p ic A : P r o b a b l y a r o u n d f iv e o ’c l o c k . I t ’s n o t is h a th le te s p r o d u c e d th e c o u n t r y ’s b e s t s o h o t th en . p e r fo r m a n c e in B : O K . T h a t s o u n d s g r e a t . W h e r e s h a ll I p ic G a m e s . T h e y l e ft B e ijin g w it h a t o t a l 1 0 0 y e a r s a t t h e O ly m ­ m eet you? o f 4 7 m e d a ls . T h e s e f o u r s t o r ie s t e ll u s A : L e t ’s s a y h e r e , a t a b o u t 4 . 3 0 . a b o u t th e m e d a llis t s ’ liv e s a f t e r B e ijin g , B : O K . G re a t. S e e y o u th e n . 2008. 8 . 1 . B o l t o n w a s n ’ t o n e - n i l t o C h e ls e a . R e b e c c a A d lin g t o n 2 . F u lh a m w a s L iv e r p o o l t h r e e -o n e . S w im m in g 4 0 0 m a n d 8 0 0 m fr e e s t y le 3 . D u m b a r t o n d r e w n il-n il w it h B r e c h in . I h a v e n ’t h a d a n o r m a l lif e s in c e I g o t b a c k 4 . E v e r t o n w a s o n e -a ll w it h A s t o n V illa . f r o m th e g a m e s . I lo v e w a t c h in g T V , b u t 5. th e o n ly t h in g th a t I ’ v e r e a lly b e e n g lu e d T otten h a m lo s t. A rsen a l beat th em t o is S t r ic t ly C o m e D a n c in g . I w e n t b a c k 6 . S to k e d r e w t w o -a ll w it h W o lv e r h a m p ­ t o t r a in in g s . I ’ m u p a t fiv e in t h e m o r n in g ton . a n d i n t h e p o o l a t s i x o ’c l o c k t r a i n i n g . rg fo u r -o n e . T o w n fiv e -o n e . oo k. o 7. S o u t h p o r t w o n . T h e y b e a t E a s t w o o d A n d y H odge R o w in g C o x le s s fo u r s 8 . W h a t w a s th e r e s u lt in th e P e te rh e a d - A S t ir lin g ? s o m e p e o p le c a m e u p t o m e in C h is w ic k fo o tb a ll and S ta d iu m . fro m fro m over saw 700 K h a r k iv ; in young in c o m p e t it io n The U k r a in e ; km m any p a r ticip a tin g U k r a in ia n M e t a lis t cam e w eekend p la y e r s tw o tea m s fro m som e order to w eeks a n d c o n g r a tu la te d a fte r th e O ly m p ic s m e . I ’v e n e v e r e x p e ­ r ie n c e d th a t b e fo r e in m y l if e a n d it w a s at r e a lly s p e c ia l. T h e b ig g e s t c h a n g e in m y a ll D on etsk had of th e .4 b L a st life s in c e B e ijin g w a s t a k in g o v e r th e c a p ­ t a i n c y a t M o le s e y R o w i n g C lu b . t r a v e lle d p a r tic ip a te ! w 1 1 . fo o tb a ll c o u p le S arah W ebb A th le tics 4 0 0 m I t ’s b e e n a b u s y a n d c o n f u s i n g t i m e s i n c e I 1 2 a n d 16 w h ic h m e a n t t h a t th e m a tc h e s g o t ba ck fro m th e g a m es. Y ou d on ’t k n ow w e r e liv e ly a n d e n e r g e t ic . It in c lu d e d a w h a t to e x p e ct w h en y o u g o to th e ga m es; v e r y g o o d s ta n d a r d o f fo o tb a ll. w h e n y o u c o m e b a c k , y o u r e a lis e y o u ’v e D u r in g th e c o m p e t it io n I s p o k e t o G r ig ­ h a d s o m e f a n t a s t ic o p p o r t u n it ie s . P e o p le w w T h e a v e ra g e a g e o f th e te a m s w a s b etw een o r y S u r c is t h e P r e s id e n t o f t h e F o o t b a ll h a v e b e e n s o k in d t o u s a lo n g th e w a y a n d F e d e r a tio n o f U k r a in e . H e s a id th a t th e w e ’v e ju s t b e e n d o in g e v e r y th in g . T r y in g th e m s e lv e s t o c a t c h u p w it h f r ie n d s a n d f a m ily is th e w e ll. H e a ls o r e p o r t e d th a t t h e s t r u g g le young fo o tb a lle r s sh ow ed b ig g e s t th in g , b e c a u s e w e sp e n d s o m u ch w a s c r u e l. t im e aw ay. T h e r e g io n a l c o m p e t it io n s w e r e h e ld s e v ­ e ra l m on th s ago. The P re s id e n t o f th e C h r is t in e O h u r u o g u A c h ie v in g th e fa m e F o o t b a ll F e d e r a tio n o f U k r a in e fe e ls th a t I h a v e n o t h a d a h o lid a y s in c e I g o t b a ck i t ’s t h i s n a t i o n a l o f a p p r o a c h w i l l b o o s t fro m t h e g a m e in U k r a in e . L ife h a s b e e n b u s y . T r a in in g in th e g y m T h is w e e k e n d ’s a great su ccess c o m p e t it io n its e lf w it h U k r a in ia n young w as th e g a m e s , I a m g o in g o n F r id a y . t o o k m o s t o f m y t im e . E v e r y s in g le d a y th ere has been s o m e t h in g . It is f u n . I fo o tb a lle r s t a k in g th e b r o n z e , b y b e a tin g h a v e b e e n t o lo a d s o f s c h o o ls , d in n e r s , S p a n is h f o o t b a lle r s in t h e fin a l o n S u n ­ a n d lu n c h e s . I h a v e m e t s o m e r e a lly i n ­ day. t e r e s tin g p e o p le fr o m a ll w a lk s o f lif e
    • d i ff e r e n t jo b s . I ’v e h a d a n o p ­ p o r tu n ity to m eet th em an d to se e w h a t l if e is lik e o u t s id e s p o r t s . P e o p le r e a lly a p p r e c ia t e w h a t w e h a v e d o n e . It is r e ­ a lly g r e a t t o k n o w th a t y o u r h a r d w o rk h a s n o t b e e n in v a in , a n d t h a t p e o p le r e c ­ o g n iz e y o u r e ffo r ts . 7b. T h e O ly m p ic G a m e s 2 0 1 2 w ill b e h e ld in L o n d o n . A l l th e p r e p a r a t io n s w ill h a v e b e e n f in is h e d b y D e c e m b e r 2 0 1 1 , n o w th e c o n s t r u c tio n w o rk o n th e O ly m p ic S t a d iu m is b e i n g c o m p le t e d . T h e O ly m p ic S t a d iu m s ite w ill b e s u r r o u n d e d b y c a n a ls . T h e s t a ­ d iu m w ill h a v e a c a p a c it y o f 8 0 ,0 0 0 a n d w ill b e a b le t o c o n v e r t in t o a 2 5 ,0 0 0 - s e a t v e n u e o n c e t h e e v e n t is o v e r . T h e O ly m p ic V illa g e w ill h o u s e 2 ,8 0 0 a p a r tm e n ts a c ­ c o m m o d a t in g p a r t ic ip a n ts a n d o ffic ia ls . Soon th e com pan y w ill b e g in b u ild in g w o r k o n T h e A q u a t ic s C e n tr e , w h ic h w ill h a v e th e “ g a t e w a y ” to th e O ly m p ic P a rk . p o o l, a 2 5 m c o m p e t it io n d iv in g p o o l, an d a 5 0 m t r a in in g p o o l. V e lo P a r k w ill h a v e a 6 ,0 0 0 -s e a t v e lo d r o m e f o r in d o o r c y c lin g e v e n ts a n d a B M X c ir c u it. 1 0 . A . F ro m J u n e 5 th to 1 5 th , th e C en ­ tr a l S ta d iu m w ill b e h o l d i n g /i s h o ld in g its C it y C h a m p io n s h ip s . T ic k e t s w ill b e o n s a le t o th e p u b lic f r o m S a t u r d a y , M a y 1 s t. T h is y e a r w e a r e o f f e r i n g s p e c ia l f a m ­ ily t ic k e t s a t th e d is c o u n t p r ic e o f £ 1 5 . s ta r ts a t 9 .3 0 . w T h e g a te s o p e n a t 9 am a n d th e fir s t e v e n t w B . I n t e r -S c h o o l B a s k e t b a ll C o m p e t it io n s w ill s t a r t th is M o n d a y . T h e g y m opens w a t 8 a m . E a rly m o r n in g fa n s w ill h a v e b e e n a b le t o t a k e th e b e s t s e a ts b e f o r e th e crow ds a r r iv e . W e are o ffe r in g sn ack s a n d d r in k s in th e s c h o o l c a n t e e n d u r in g th e b r e a k . B y th e en d o f th e d a y w e a re s u r e th a t a ll o f t h e g u e s t s w ill h a v e h a d a g r e a t tim e . C. T h e b e s t s p o r t in g e q u ip m e n t w ill b e a v a ila b le s o r ie s in shop p le : M a n u e l d e lo s S a n to s 4 . 1. Why do people with higher hope tend to be more succesful in their lives? C. They endure more pain, making them stronger in life. 2. How do people generally regard a disa­ bled person in our society today? B. They doubt that such a person can achieve something in life. 3. What are the predictions about Manuel’s participation in Alfred Dunhill Links Championship? A. It is thought that Manuel will get more attention than other players. 4. How did Manuel lose his leg? A. It was hit by a car. 5. How does he appear at the champion­ ship tournament? B. He shows unbelievable results balanc­ ing on one leg. 6. Is Manuel satisfied with his achieve­ ments? B. Manuel is quite fulfilled in his life. 5 . 1. Knock down — to hit somebody and make them fall to the ground. 2 . Handle — to deal with or control a situ­ ation, person, or strong emotion. 3 . Astounding — so surprising that it is difficult to believe. 4. Club — a long metal stick with a piece of metal or wood at one end, used for hit­ ting a ball in golf. 5. Swing — to move backwards or for­ wards while hanging from a fixed point. 6. Crutches — two long sticks that help you to walk after you have injured your leg or foot. .4 bo ok .o T h e P a r k w ill in c lu d e a 5 0 m c o m p e t it io n L e s s o n 1 1 . I n c r e d ib le P e o ­ rg an d fro m th e lo c a l next w eek. S p orts & A cces­ The new t r a in ­ in g s im u la t o r s w ill h e lp y o u lo s e w e ig h t s a f e ly a n d q u i c k l y . Y o u d o n ’ t n e e d t o m is s m e a ls a n d y o u d o n ’t h a v e t o s p e n d h o u r s m e a s u r in g o u t y o u r fo o d p o r t io n s . B y th e e n d o f th e m o n th w e g u a r a n t e e y o u w ill h a v e lo s t a t le a s t 7 k ilo s o r w e g iv e y o u y o u r m on ey back. L e sso n 1 2 . P r o je c t W o rk L e s s o n s 1 3 - 1 4 . T e s t Y o u r S k i l ls 2 .1 . Whether carried out on the track and fieldoroniceandsnow.sporteventslightthe spirit of achievement in thousands of competitorsandbillionsofspectatorsworldwide. 2 . If you are interested in volunteering at sporting events for your school, you have to complete the form given below. 3 . Last year’s sports celebration dinner at the Wembley stadium was the most suc­ cesful fundraiser in Ladour’s history. 4. This is a fantastic one-off opportu­ nity for a game of tennis with the former headmaster of our school.
    • A . T h e 2 0 1 4 S o c h i O ly m p ic a n d p a r a l­ n a tu r a l s e t t in g b e tw e e n th e b a lm y s h o r e s o f th e B la c k S e a a n d th e s o a r in g s n o w ­ capped C a u ca su s M o u n ta in s . The S och i O ly m p ic s o r g a n iz e r s s e t th e g o a l o f h o s t ­ in g “ C a rb on N e u tra l G a m e s” . O n e o f th e e n v ir o n m e n t a l in it ia t iv e s w ill in c lu d e th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f “ g r e e n b e l t s ” in th e c it y a n d r e fo r e s t a t io n o f th e S o c h i N a t io n a l P a rk . B . S p o r t d e p e n d s o n th e e n v ir o n m e n t. A t t h e s a m e t im e , th e s p o r t s in d u s tr y d e ­ p e n d s o n e n e r g y c o n s u m p t io n a n d is o n e o f th e g r e e n h o u s e g a s “ a d d ic t s ” . W h a t w e h a v e is a g r e a t o p p o r t u n it y a n d a g r e a t r e s p o n s ib ilit y t o d e liv e r a n d p r o m o te th e m o d e l o f c l i m a t e - fr i e n d l y O ly m p ic s — r e ­ d u c in g o u r ca r b o n fo o tp rin ts to z e ro . C . S p o r t s o r g a n iz a t io n s a r o u n d th e w o rld s h o u ld t a k e th e le a d t o im p le m e n t s o l u t ­ io n s th a t c o m b a t c lim a t e c h a n g e s . .4 bo ok .o D . O f a ll d e v e lo p m e n t s th a t is b r in g in g a b o u t c h a n g e s in s p o r t s e v e n t p la n n in g , th e re m ay be none m ore r e v o lu t io n a r y th a n th e te c h n o lo g y o ffe r e d b y th e In te r ­ n e t a n d its c o n s t a n t ly g r o w in g u n iv e r s e o f a p p lic a t io n s . D e b r a D ic k s o n , s a le s e x ­ e c u t iv e f o r th e H o u s to n -b a s e d E x tre m - е Т іх In c, sa y s, “ O u r c o r e p r o d u c t w ill a l­ lo w p e o p le w h o w a n t t o a t t e n d s p o r t s a n d o th e r e v e n ts to p u r c h a s e a n d p r in t o u t w t h e ir tic k e t s o n lin e . W e h a v e a ls o w o r k e d w w o n a n u m b e r o f p r o d u c t s th a t w ill e x p a n d U n it 3 i F o o d L e s s o n s 1 - 2 . E a t W e ll, S t a y H e a lt h y 6 . 1. E. Don’t Skip Meals 2 . B. Healthy Food Preparation 3. A. Avoid Too Much Sugar 4 . D. How to Eat Correctly 5. C. Avoid “Diet Thinking” 7 . 1. Containing sugar or tasting like sugar — Sugary drinks 2 . One that is healthy because it contains the right foods in the right amounts — healthy meals 3. Always or for a long time — perma­ nently 4 . To persuade someone to do some­ thing — affect 5. The parts of plants that you eat but 41 Супер Г З 1 К .. K . I Д, 0 Л H on this concept, that are all Internetbased.” 4 . 1- Kickboxing is a form of martial arts. 2 . The art of kickboxing in the USA has been known for over 2000 years. 3. If you are out of shape, you should cool down exercises at the end. 4 . If you are interested in kickboxing as a sport choose an instructor who has a black belt in some area of martial arts and who is also recognized as a fitness in­ structor. 6 b . 1. Who do you support? e) Dynamo. 2 . How long have you been supporting them? a) Since I was a child. 3. Why do you support them? f) Oh, my grandfather was a Dynamo fan, so it’s a part of my family history. 4. Who’s your favourite player? d) I have many, but Brandow is my fa­ vourite now. 5. How are they doing now? g) Terribly! We didn’t win anything last season! Just wait till next season, though! 6. Who are their biggest rivals? b) Snakhter — they’ve become much stronger later! 7. Do you ever go to see them play? c) Maybe once or twice a season. I usually just watch them on TV. rg 3. y m p ic W in t e r G a m e s w ill h o ld in a u n iq u e c a n ’t d ig e s t — h erb s 6. T o g iv e s o m e t h in g a p a r t ic u la r t a s t e o r m o r e t a s t e — t o fla v o u r 8 . 1 . A p in c h o f h e r b s w ill d e f in it e ly fla ­ v o u r th is d is h . 2. A lic e t r ie s to a v o id e a tin g su gary d r in k s an d s n a ck s. 3 . F r u it a n d v e g e ta b le s a re h ig h in v it a ­ m in s a n d m in e r a ls c o n t e n t . 4 .1 s m e ll a d e lic io u s s o u p w it h a d e lic a t e ­ ly h e r b s fla v o u r . 5. A d v e r tis in g on T V a ffe c ts te e n a g e rs eat m ore sn ack fo o d s . 6 . E a tin g o n th e r u n ca n p e r m a n e n tly a f­ f e c t y o u r h e a lth . 7. K i m ’s d i e t is p e r f e c t l y h e a l t h y m e a ls .
    • L e s s o n s 3 - 4 . U k r a in ia n C u is in e 5. The core of th e U k r a in ia n p r e s e n t to d a y , in o n e fo r m c u is in e o r a n oth er. A lt h o u g h th e t r a d it io n a l c o o k i n g s ty le s X o r ig in a te s in th e p e a s a n t d is h e s b a s e d o n f o r m o s t U k r a in ia n g r a in s a n d s ta p le v e g e t a b le s lik e p o t a t o e s , h u n dreds c a b b a g e , b e e t s , a n d m u s h r o o m s . M e a t is c o o k i n g is q u it e s i m i l a r t o a n y w e s t e r n an im p o r t a n t in g r e d i e n t in m o s t U k r a in ­ E u r o p e a n c u is in e . W h e n y o u ia n d is h e s , a n d i t is p r e p a r e d in d i f f e r e n t ю u о> in g f o r a t r a d itio n a l m e a l, th e b e s t w a y of d is h e s g o years ago, back to d a y to m ost a re lo o k ­ w a y s , e ith e r as s te w e d , b o ile d , fr ie d , o r t o e x p e r ie n c e t h e U k r a in ia n c u is in e is го s m o k e d . F is h is a ls o p o p u la r w it h a la r g e a t a h o m e m a d e m e a l. S v a r ie t y o f d is h e s , a n d th e r e a r e h u n d r e d s 6 . o f fis h s p e c ie s t h a t a r e u s e d in d e lic io u s m ost d is h e s . P o p u la r U k r a in ia n s n a c k s in c lu d e p a r e d in d iff e r e n t w a y s , e it h e r as s te w e d , th e v a r e n y k y , a n d th e m o s t a p p re c ia te d b o ile d , fr ie d , o r s m o k e d . t r a d itio n a l d is h is p ig f a t — c a lle d “ s a lo ” . F is h is a ls o p o p u la r w it h a la r g e v a r ie t y U k r a in ia n s p r e s e r v e s a lo a s o n e o f t h e ir o f d i s h e s , a n d t h e r e a r e h u n d r e d s o f fis h I а 5 ‘с 0 3 m ost p r iz e d n a tio n a l c u is in e e le m e n ts . M e a t is an im p o r t a n t in g r e d ie n t in U k r a in ia n d is h e s , and it is p re­ s p e c ie s th a t a r e u s e d in d e lic io u s d is h e s . B o r s c h o r ig in a t e d in U k r a in e a n d it is a T h ere 1 О ) n a tio n a l s o u p — a lt h o u g h b o r s c h is n o w t y p e s in U k r a in e , b u t a v a r ie t y o f d i f f e r ­ an e n t in flu e n c e s c a n b e n o t ic e d b y a c a r e fu l а >:s p o p u la r in th e s u r r o u n d in g r e g io n s s u c h eye. as p a r t s o f R u s s ia a n d R o m a n ia . U k r a in i­ A g r i c u l t u r e h a s a lw a y s b e e n u s e d e x t e n ­ an c o o k in g u ses b la c k p e p p e r , re d p e p p e r , s iv e ly in U k r a in e a n d w h e a t, r y e , o a ts , о CU с: < со о th a t is a ls o v e r y s a lt , b a y le a f, p a r s le y , a n d d ill (u s u a lly no d is t in g u is h a b le c u is in e rg I ІЗ 5 in t e r n a t io n a l d is h .4 bo ok .o со are a n d m ille t w e re th e m a in in g r e d ie n t s f o r in s p r in g a n d s u m m e r ), g a r lic a n d o n io n . a n y m e a l f o r c e n t u r ie s . U k r a in ia n p e o p le e a t m a n y d is h e s m a d e B r e a d is u s e d o f p ota to. cou rse, T h ere are no d is t in g u is h a b le c u is in e w it h a lth o u g h soup and s o m e t im e s th e m a in it m a y be le ft a s id e i f th e d is h c o n ta in s p o ta to e s o r t y p e s in U k r a in e , b u t a v a r ie t y o f d i f ­ p a sta . fe re n t in flu e n c e s 7. can be n o tic e d by a c a r e fu l e y e . T h e n e ig h b o u r in g c o u n tr ie s 1. T h ere is a v a r ie ty of d iffe r e n t U k r a in ia n d is h e s . h a v e in flu e n c e d th e U k r a in ia n c u is in e , < 2 . B r e a d is v e r y p o p u la r w it h m a n y d is h ­ m u ch a s th e U k r a in ia n c u is in e in flu e n c ­ es. tim e s . o f U k r a in e , f o r e x a m p le , d is p la y a c u i ­ 4 . M e a t is u s e d in m a n y d is h e s . w и 3 . T h is t r a d it io n g o e s b a c k t o th e a n c ie n t th e n e ig h b o u r s . L v iv o r L u ts k R e g io n s w e s th e r e g io n a l a n d n a tio n a l c u is in e s o f s in e t h a t r e s e m b le s t h e P o lis h c u is in e . a n d fr u it . n orth ea stern p r o v in c e s w I < 5 . M e a t is a ls o p o p u la r w it h v e g e ta b le s The su ch as S u m y , K h a r k iv o r L u h a n s k sh o w in flu ­ 6 . T h e re a re so m e d is h e s th a t a re s p e c ific e n c e s o f th e R u s s ia n c u is in e , w h ile th e t o th e p a r t ic u la r r e g io n . sou th e rn r e c ip e s part o f th a t are U k r a in e s p e c ific has to several M o ld o v a , 9. N a t io n a l c u is in e is as m u c h p a r t o f th e n a tio n a l h e r ita b le as any phenom en of R o m a n ia . A g r i c u l t u r e h a s a lw a y s b e e n n a tio n a l c u ltu r e s u c h as la n g u a g e o r t r a ­ u s e d e x t e n s iv e ly in U k r a in e a n d w h e a t, d it io n s . M a n y o f t h e U k r a in ia n c o o k in g r y e , o a t s , a n d m ille t w e re th e m a in in ­ tr a d itio n s g o b a ck h u n d re d s o f y e a rs . T h e g r e d ie n ts U k r a in ia n s , fo r any m eal fo r c e n t u r ie s . B r e a d w a s a n d s t ill is o n e o f th e m a in fo o d e le m e n ts of th e B r e a d is u s e d w it h c o u r s e , a lth o u g h U k r a in ia n m e a l. fo r e x a m p le , have a lw a y s p r e fe r r e d b o ile d , s te w e d , o r b a k e d fo o d to fr ie d fo o d . s o u p a n d t h e m a in A s lo n g a g o a s fiv e t h o u s a n d y e a r s a g o , s o m e t im e s it m a y b e p e o p le o f th e T r y p illy a c u ltu r e th a t flo u r ­ l e ft a s id e i f th e d is h c o n t a in s p o t a t o e s CSJ ев ем is h e d o r p a s ta . B a k e r y w a s a ls o p r e s e n t s in c e grow n t im e s im m e m o r ia l a n d a ll g r a in b a s e d c a m e m u c h la te r , a b o u t a t h o u s a n d y e a r s f o o d p r o d u c t s u s e d in th e p a s t a r e s till a g o . K a s h a (a s o r t o f g r u e l ) , k u l i s h ( a d i s h in th e te r rito r y w h ea t, b a r le y , of U k r a in e , and m ille t . had R ye
    • m a d e o f b o ile d c o r n ) a n d h a lu s h k y (b o ile d v e a l. p ie c e s o f d o u g h w it h f r ie d o n io n s ) w e re 6 . S t u d y n e t s — je ll ie d m e a t o r fis h . th e m o s t p o p u la r d is h e s a m o n g th e C h u - 7. D e r u n y — p o t a t o f r i t t e r s s e r v e d w it h m acks and C ossack s. so u r cream or co tta g e ch eese. The c h r o n icle s p r o v id e d e v id e n c e th a t c a b b a g e , o n io n s , tu r n ip , a n d g a r lic w e re 8. M ly n t s i — frie d dough, s im ila r to d ou g h n u ts. u s e d f o r f o o d in t h e e a r ly m e d ie v a l tim e s , 9 . K v a s — a d r in k m a d e f r o m b r e a d w it h a s w e ll a s b e e f , v e a l, p o r k , m u t t o n , a a n d a s w e e t-s o u r ta s te . fis h . T h e m e a t o b t a in e d in h u n tin g h a d 10. U z v a r — d r ie d o r fr e s h f r u it d r in k . L e s s o n s 5 - 6 . B r i t is h C u i s i n e b e e n u s u a lly b o ile d r a th e r th a n fr ie d . A lis t o f d a ir y p r o d u c t s w a s q u ite a lo n g o n e . 8 . 1. V a r io u s k in d s o f b e a n s h a v e b e e n p o p u la r 2 . 1 d o n ’t lik e f iz z y d r in k s . in U k p a in e s in c e a n c ie n t w h e a t w a s im p o r te d fr o m t im e s . B u ck ­ s o m e w h e r e in I ’ m r e a lly fu ll. 3 . I ’ m o n a d ie t. 4 . I m u s tn ’t h a v e a n y m o re . A s i a in th e 1 1 th o r 1 2 th c e n t u r y . M e lo n s , 5 . 1 d o n ’t r e a lly lik e a n y t h in g s p ic y . w a t e r m e lo n s , c o r n , p u m p k in s , a n d p o t a ­ 6 . 1 d o n ’t r e a lly lik e a n y t h in g s w e e t. t o e s w e r e b r o u g h t t o U k r a in e (a s w e ll a s 7. su n flo w e r a n d m u s ta r d ) in th e 1 6 th -1 7 th 8 . 1 w o n ’t b e a b le t o s le e p . c e n t u r ie s . T o m a to e s a n d e g g p la n t s w e re 9 . 1 c o u ld n ’t ea t a n o th e r th in g . I ’v e h a d ju s t o n e . 9. 1 0 . B o r is ? 1. W h a t fo o d have U k r a in ia n s a l­ b o ile d , ste w e d , w o u ld have a lw a y s or baked p r e fe rre d you lik e to have, B r it a in , I w o u ld lik e t o h a v e s o m e t h in g .4 bo ok .o U k r a in ia n s W hat B : Y o u k n ow , A la n ; n o w th a t I ’m in G re a t w ays p r e fe rr e d ? The A: rg a d d e d t o th e m e n u in t h e 1 9 th c e n t u r y . fo o d to fr ie d t y p ic a lly B r it is h . W hat do you recom ­ m end? fo o d . 2 . W h a t d is h e s w e r e th e m o s t p o p u la r A : W e ll, le t m e c h e c k th e m e n u a g a in . M y a m o n g th e C h u m a ck s a n d C o ssa ck s? fa v o u r it e is s t e a k . It c o m e s w it h m a s h e d K asha p o t a t o e s a n d k id n e y p ie . (a s o r t o f g r u e l ) , k u lis h (a d i s h m a d e o f b o ile d c o r n ) a n d h a lu s h k y (b o ile d B : U m m , th a t s o u n d s g o o d , b u t I ’m a fr a id p ie c e s o f d o u g h w it h f r ie d o n io n s ) w e re i t ’s t o o fa t f o r m e n o w . I ’ m o n a d ie t . A n d th e m o s t p o p u la r d is h e s a m o n g th e C h u ­ I d o n ’ t l ik e a n y t h i n g r e a l l y s p i c y . I ’d r a t h ­ m acks and C ossack s. e r h a v e s o m e t h in g W hat v e g e ta b le s U k r a in ia n c u is in e ? are used w 3. in th e lig h te r i f you d on ’t m in d . W h a t a b o u t t h is d is h ? Is it g o o d ? A : E x c e lle n t! B u t t h is is a r e a lly h e a v y d is h . I t ’s a c t u a lly o n ly g r ille d b e e f a n d b een u sed fo r fo o d fro m p o t a t o e s in g r a v y , w h ic h is q u it e g r e a s y . w e v a l tim e s . w C a b b a g e , o n io n s , tu r n ip , a n d g a r lic h a v e th e e a r ly m e d i­ If you w an t to have a ty p ic a l E n g lis h 4 . W h e n w e r e t h e y b r o u g h t t o U k r a in e ? m e a l, y o u w o n ’t g e t a w a y w it h a lig h t s a l­ M e lo n s , ad, y ou know . and w a te rm e lo n s , p ota toes corn , w ere b ro u g h t p u m p k in s , to U k r a in e B : A n y w a y , le t m e ju s t h a v e s o m e t h in g (a s w e ll a s s u n f l o w e r a n d m u s t a r d ) in t h e s im p le 1 6 th -1 7 th c e n t u r ie s . T o m a to e s a n d e g g ­ Y o r k s h ir e p u d d in g ? p la n ts w e r e a d d e d t o th e m e n u in th e 1 9 th A : It is a r e a l ly s im p le d i s h . I t ’s c a l le d ce n tu ry . C h ris tm a s m e a l a n d it lo o k s v e r y m u ch 11a.i . B o r s h c h — b e e t sou p o fte n m ade th is tim e . W hat do you say to lik e p iz z a . I t c o n t a in s s i f t e d flo u r , m ilk , w it h m e a t. v e g e ta b le 2 . V a re n y k y — b o ile d d u m p lin g s s t u ffe d b la c k p e p p e r . I ’ m s u r e y o u ’ ll lik e it. o il, eggs and fr e s h ly grou n d w it h f r u it , p o t a t o e s , c h e e s e a n d c a b b a g e . B : O K t h e n . I ’ ll s e t t l e f o r a p u d d i n g . W h a t 3 . H o lu b ts i — c a b b a g e r o lls s t u f f e d w it h d o e s it c o m e w it h ? m ille t o r m in c e d m e a t w it h r ic e . A : Y ou can 4. P am pushky — crepes served w it h h a v e a n y k in d o f s a la d s o r p i c k l e s t o g o w i t h i t . I f I w e r e y o u . I ’d m e a t, ch e e s e , f r u it o r c a v ia r . h a v e it w it h s a la d s . 5 . P e c h e n y a — r o a s t p o r k , la m b , b e e f o r B : S o u n d s fin e t o m e . 41*
    • L e s s o n s 7 - 8 . B r i t is h C u i s i n e ( P a r t II) 2. C Q и Ol 6 . I r e a lly s h o u ld n ’t b e e a t in g a n y c h o c o ­ 1 . T h e r e ’ s a n ic e p la c e in S u m s k a ja la te o r t h i n g s lik e th a t at th e m om en t S t r e e t w h ic h d o e s r e a lly g o o d U k r a in ia n becau se fo o d . w e ig h t . B u t I c a n ’t r e s is t b u y i n g it! I keep on tr y in g to lo s e som e 2 . T h e r e ’s a n i c e I t a li a n p l a c e i n t h e c i t y 7. A : W e s h o u ld g o o u t f o r a m e a l s o m e c e n t r e w h e r e w e g o t o q u it e a lo t. t im e . 3 . T h e r e ’s a r e a lly g o o d fis h p la c e o n c h ip s X B : Y e s , d e fin it e ly . I d o n ’t m in d g o i n g o u t a n d le ttu c e . an y d ay n ext w eek. го 4 . T h e r e ’s a r e a l l y g o o d s u s h i b a r n e a r t h e A : O K . W e ll, h o w a b o u t T h u r s d a y ? s Zoo. B : G r e a t. I ’ ll g iv e y o u a r in g e a r ly n e x t 5 . T h e - e ’s a r e a l l y g o o d b u f f e t f o r lu n c h w eek. >4 а g с 0 S 1 C U m а >s I J D 5 L e s s o n s 9 - 1 0 . F a v o u r it e R e c ip e s n o t fa r fr o m here. 6 . T h e r e ’s a C h in e s e p la c e d o w n th e r o a d , 2 . M ENU w h ic h is q u it e c h e a p . 1. T o a s te d b r e a d c o v e r e d 3. t o m a t o e s a n d c r u s h e d g a r lic . A : A re you h u n gry ? w it h ch opped B : Y e s , a lit t le b it. 2 . S tea m ed sea b a ss on a b e d o f ro a ste d A : D o y o u w a n t t o o r d e r s o m e t h in g t o e a t, peppers. th e n ? 3 . G r ille d s a u s a g e s w it h m a s h e d p o t a t o . B : Y e s , O K . H a v e y o u g o t a n y t h in g in th e 4 . S t e a k s e r v e d w it h a c h o ic e o f b o ile d p o ­ ce n tre ? ta to e s o r c h ip s . A : W e ll, t h e r e ’s a r e a lly n ic e p iz z a p la c e or g T ju s t r o u n d th e co rn e r. 5 . F r e s h ly s q u e e z e d o r a n g e ju ic e . 6 . C h e e s e c a k e t o p p e d w it h c h o c o la te . B : W e ll, a c t u a lly I w e n t t o e a t a p iz z a la s t n ig h t . I d o n ’ t r e a lly fe e l t o e a t a n o th e r 6 a . C orn ed B eef & C abbage H ope everyon e had a w o n d e r fu l St bo ok . I o n e . D o y o u k n o w a n y w h e re e ls e t o g o ? О а P a t r i c k ’s D a y ! A : W e ll, t h e r e ’s a r e a lly n ic e s u s h i b a r in M y g o a l is t o c o o k u p th e c o r n e d b e e f a n d S h e v ch e n k o P a rk . c a b b a g e m e a l a n a n n u a l t r a d itio n f o r th e I r is h h o lid a y . I ’ m o n ly t w o y e a r s in b u t ca a su sh i bar. t r a d i t i o n is in th e m a k in g . T h is y e a r I a m О A : R e a l l y ? H o n e s t l y , i t ’s r e a l l y n i c e f o o d . t r y in g o u t M ic h a e l R u h lm a n a n d B r ia n T h e y ’v e g o t l o t s o f d i s h e s t o c h o o s e f r o m . P o l c y n ’s r e c i p e ( l a s t y e a r ’ s w a s S u z a n n e < I ’ m s u r e y o u ’ ll lik e it. .4 B : T o t e ll th e t r u t h , I h a v e n e v e r b e e n to < C o in ’s ). T h e c o r n e d b eef w as m ade OK u b u t I w is h t h e b r in e w a s a b it s a lt ie r a n d 9 . n o t s o c lo v e y . T h e m e a t is n ’ t a s m o is t as w B : O K t h e n . I ’ ll t r y t h i s f o o d o n c e . 1 . A : D o y o u lik e e a t in g o u t ? w B : I q u it e lik e e a t in g d is h e s in t h is c a fe , la s t y e a r ’s b u t e v e r y o n e l ik e s i t a s w e ll . I < m a d e C o in ’s m u sta rd p a r s le y sa u ce to g o 2 . A : W h a t k in d o f f o o d d o y o u lik e ? w it h th e c o r n e d b e e f. A s y o u c a n t e ll I am B : S o m e t h in g r e a lly . I d o n ’ t h a v e a n y s p e ­ n o t u s in g a n y p ic k lin g s a lt f o r m y b e e f, c ia l p r e fe re n ce s . m o s t ly b e c a u s e I d o n ’ t w a n t t o g o a n d lo o k w b u t s o m e o f th e d is h e s a re d is g u s tin g . 3 . A : H a v e y o u g o t a n y s a n d w ich e s ? B: N o, i t ’s ju s t w a ter and oth er fo r it. fiz z y d r in k s . I a ls o tu r n o u t so m e p a r s n ip s , c a r r o ts , t u r n ip a n d c a b b a g e In t h e b r o t h o n c e th e 4 . A : I ’m s o r r y , b u t d o e s th e la s a g n e h a v e m e a t w a s d o n e t o g e t m y fill o f v e g e ta b le s . c h e e s e in it ? I ’ m n o t a llo w e d t o e a t a n y A n d it lo o k s d e lic io u s t o o , d o e s n ’t it? d a ir y p r o d u c ts . I ’ m a lle r g ic t o th e m . 8 .1 . B : N o t m u c h , b u t it d o e s h a v e s o m e o n t o p . s c h o o l ca n te e n d u r in g th e b re a k , so w e H ow h a d t o w a it f o r m o r e th a n 1 0 m in u t e s . a b o u t th e s p a g h e tti? T h a t d o e s n ’t T h e r e w a s q u it e a lo n g q u e u e in th e have any. 2. A : I d o n ’ t m in d t r y i n g t h is d is h . w e n t f o r a w a lk in t h e p a r k . 5. Be c a r e fu l w hen you eat th e fis h . T h e r e m ig h t b e s o m e b o n e s s t ill in ea C M it, 3 .1 W e h a d a r e a lly n ic e m e a l a n d th e n w e h a d a r e a lly b ig fir s t c o u r s e , s o I d id n ’ t h ave a d essert. a lt h o u g h I ’ v e t r ie d t o g e t r id o f m o s t o f 4. th em . b le s in th e p a n . H e a t th e o il fir s t , th e n p u t th e v e g e ta ­
    • 5 . I b u r n t th e d in n e r , s o w e h a d t o r in g th e n eed to r e fo r m a n d g e t a ta k e -a w a y p iz z a . lu n c h e s a t p r im a r y s c h o o ls in p a r ts o f th e th e q u a lity o f s c h o o l 6 . W e h a d s o u p f o r th e fir s t c o u r s e th e n s o u t h o f E n g la n d . w e h a d a r e a lly n ic e fis h d is h a n d t h e n w e 5. T h e c a m p a ig n w a s a h u g e s u c c e s s , a n d h a d p o r k , a n d a fte r th a t I th in k w e h ad l e d t h e D e p a r t m e n t o f E d u c a t i o n ’s d e c i ­ tw o m o re c o u r s e s . I w a s s o fu ll w h en w e s io n t o im p r o v e fu n d in g fo r k id s ’ s c h o o l fin is h e d ! m e a ls . 7. C o o k t h e g a r l ic s lo w ly t h e n it t a s t e s 6 . F o r h is e f f o r t s , J a m ie O liv e r w a s n a m e d n ic e a n d s w e e t. M o s t I n s p ir in g P o litic a l F ig u r e o f 2 0 0 5 in 8 . T a ste th e sa u ce a n d th e n a d d so m e m o re th e C h a n n el 4 P o litic a l A w a rd s 2 0 0 6 . s a lt a n d p e p p e r , i f n e c e s s a r y . 7. O liv e r c o o k e d o n o c c a s i o n f o r t h e B r i t ­ 9. is h P r im e M in is t e r , a n d m o r e r e c e n t ly , h e D ear Jan e, I ’m g la d y o u lik e d th e f o o d . H e r e ’s t h e r e c ­ p r e p a r e d t h e f e a s t f o r t h e Q u e e n ’s 8 0 t h i p e y o u a s k e d f o r . I t ’s f r o m a g r e a t c o o k e r y b ir th d a y . b o o k . F o r fo u r p e o p le y o u n e e d : 2 o n io n s , 2 8 . O liv e r is fa m o u s f o r p r o d u c in g g o o d o r 3 c lo v e s o f g a r lic , 2 fr e s h g r e e n c h illie s , fo o d , 8 t o m a to e s , 4 m e d iu m r e d p e p p e r s , 4 e g g s , in g r e d ie n ts . s a lt a n d p e p p e r , fr e s h h e rb s . 6 . F ir s t o f a ll, s lic e th e o n io n s a n d g a r lic 2 . P o p u la r — n o ta b le t h in ly a n d f r y th e m 3 . S u c c e s s fu l — w e ll-lik e d s im p ly , u s in g t o p -q u a lit y 1- A t r a in in g — a n in s t r u c t io n rg s lo w ly fo r 10 t o 15 m in u t e s s o t h e y b e c o m e n ic e a n d s w e e t. served 4 . A s ta n d a rd — a c r ite r io n 5. F u n d in g — fin a n c in g s e e d s o u t o f th e c h illie s a n d th e r e d p e p ­ 6. A m eal — a sn ack .4 bo ok .o W h ile th e o n io n s a re c o o k in g , ta k e th e p e r s , a n d th e n c h o p th e m u p . C h op th e t o ­ 7. N u t r it io u s — b a la n c e d m a to e s a s w e ll, th e n a d d t h e s e v e g e t a b le s 8 . A n o c c a s io n — a n e p is o d e t o th e o n io n s a n d s t ir w e ll, a d d in g s a lt a n d 9. T o p r e p a r e — t o p r o v id e p e p p e r . L e a v e e v e r y t h in g t o c o o k s lo w ly . 10. A fe a s t — a b a n q u e t Y o u m ig h t n e e d t o a d d s o m e w a te r. 11. T o im p ro v e — t o u p g r a d e S o it d o e s n ’t s t ic k to th e p a n , a n d c o v e r 1 2 . A p ile — a h e a p it , i f y o u h a v e a lid w h ic h is b ig e n o u g h . 1. B y t h e a g e o f 16t h e c o m p le t e d f o r m a l A f t e r a b o u t 10 o r 15 m in u t e s , th e m ix ­ c h e f’s in s tr u c tio n at W e s tm in s te r C a te r­ tu r e s h o u ld b e s o f t w ith a lit t le liq u id . in g C o lle g e . M ak e fo u r th e m ix tu r e 2 . B y th e a g e o f 2 0 , h e b e ca m e a h o u s e ­ fo r th e e g g s . T h en b re a k th e e g g s an d h o ld n a m e in B r it a in f o r h is im m e n s e ly d r o p th e m c a r e fu lly in th e h o le s w it h o u t n o ta b le T V s e r ie s . T h e N a k e d C h e f b r e a k in g th e m . C o n tin u e c o o k in g u n til 3 . T h e c a m p a ig n w a s a h u g e s u c c e s s , a n d th e e g g s a re d o n e a n d th e n tu r n o f f th e le d t h e D e p a r t m e n t o f E d u c a t io n ’s d e c i ­ h e a t. F in a lly , c h o p so m e ft e s h h e rb s a n d s io n to u p g r a d e fu n d in g f o r k id s ’ s ch o o l t h r o w t h e m o n t h e t o p . T h a t ’ s it! m e a ls . w w w s m a ll h o le s in 4 . O liv e r c o o k e d o n o c c a s io n f o r t h e B r it ­ I ’ ll g iv e y o u a r in g a g a in s o o n . Ann 5 .1 . is h P r im e M in is t e r , a n d m o r e r e c e n t ly , h e p r e p a r e d t h e b a n q u e t f o r th e Q u e e n ’s L e s s o n 1 1 . I n c r e d ib le P e o p le J a m ie O liv e r b e g a n w o r k in g a r o u n d 8 0 t h b ir th d a y . f o o d a t t h e a g e o f 8 in h is p a r e n t s ’ p u b in 5 . O liv e r is fa m o u s f o r p r o v id in g g o o d C a m b rid g e . fo o d , 2 . B y th e a g e o f 1 6 , h e c o m p le t e d fo r m a l in g r e d ie n ts . c h e f ’s t r a in in g a t W e s tm in s te r C a te r in g 8 . C o lle g e . P e a p o d c a t e r p illa r s , p e a r b e a r s , m e lo n served s im p ly , u s in g t o p -q u a lit y P le a s e E a t th e A r t 3 . B y th e a g e o f 2 0 h e b e c a m e a h o u s e h o ld to r to is e s , n a m e in B r it a in f o r h is im m e n s e ly p o p u ­ a ll p a r t o f a n e x o t ic m e n a g e r ie th a t m a y la r T V s e r ie s . T h e N a k e d C h e f. c h a n g e fo r e v e r th e w a y y o u lo ö k at p r o ­ 4 . In 2004, B etter” h e la u n ch e d c a m p a ig n to th e draw “ F eed a t t e n t io n Me to du ce. banana T h ese octop u ses. T hey w h im s ic a l s c u lp t u r e s are — a fe w w h o lly fr o m f r u it s a n d v e g e ta b le s —
    • are th e b ea rs o f S a x to n F re y m a n n , a N ew L e s s o n 1 3 . T e s t Y o u r S k i l ls Y o r k a r t is t . H e t r ie d h a n d iw o r k a n im a ls ш u си 2 .1 . a n d d is c o v e r e d th a t h e w a s g o o d at c u t­ w h ile , g r ill th e s a u s a g e s f o r a b o u t 1 0 -1 5 B o il th e p o ta to e s u n til t e n d e r . M e a n ­ t in g fo o d . m in u t e s . B r in g th e o n io n s a n d s t o c k in a U s in g a n X -a c t o k n ife , h e d e ft ly t r a n s ­ p a n a n d p u t t o a s im m e r . fo r m s g a r d e n -v a r ie ty p r o d u c e in to e m o ­ 2 . M a s h th e p o t a t o e s w it h a lit t le b u t t e r t iv e f a c e s a n d a m u s in g a n im a ls th a t h e a n d m ilk . S e a s o n a n d s e r v e w it h th e s a u ­ e n h a n c e s w it h p e p p e r c o r n o r b la c k -e y e d s a g e s a n d o n io n g r a v y . го p e a e y e s , b e e t -ju ic e m o u t h s , o r c o r n -k e r - iC 3. s n e l t e e t h . H e k e e p s h is d e s ig n s s im p le . ers y esterd a y . X T h e c o lo u r s a n d fo r m s a re so w o n d e r fu l 2 . T h e m e n u f o r th e h o lid a y m e a l is b e in g >> th a t th e y g iv e d is c u s s e d a t th e m o m e n t. т D. сс о S X ш m needs. th e a r t is t e v e r y t h in g he T h e ch a ra cters com e o u t o f th e 1 . T h e ta b le w a s d e c o r a t e d w it h flo w ­ 3 . H o lu b ts i a n d v a r e n y k y a r e o f t e n s e r v e d v e g e ta b le o r f r u it . “ I ’m ju s t n u d g in g it t o w it h s o u r c r e a m . s o m e t h in g it r e s e m b le s . I ’ m a lw a y s f in d ­ 4 . F is h in g a n o th e r r o le f o r a v e g e t a b le . A n d m y le a v e s a n d s p ic e s . s h o u ld b e s e a s o n e d w it h la u r e l f a m ily is v e r y fa s h io n e d b e c a u s e w e e a t 5 . T h e fo o d h a s b e e n a lr e a d y o r d e r e d fr o m th e c a s t” , F re y m a n n sa ys. th e re sta u ra n t. 6 . W h a t d is h s h a ll I c o o k f o r t o m o r r o w eral b o o k s. d in n e r ? S U n it 5 . P a in t in g Si Б о L e s s o n s 1 - 2 . A r t is E t e r n a l 6 . 1. H ow can you d e p ic t th e 6 . W e s a w e t e r n a l m a s t e r p ie c e s o f fa m o u s w o r ld arou n d you ? CO W it h t h e h e lp o f w o r d s , p a in t s , b r u s h ­ e s , o r m u s ic . bo < C. a r t is t s in th e m u se u m . 7. T h e y c o u l d n ’ t r e s is t v i s i t i n g t h e B r i t ­ Q l [= ok .o X rg H is f r a g il e c r e a t io n s a r e p ic t u r e d in s e v ­ 2 . W h a t h a p p e n s w h e n y o u h e a r a lo v e ly is h M u s e u m a g a in . 1 2 . D ear D an, H o w a re y o u ? T h e n ew a r t g a lle r y , I w a s te llin g T h is w e e k t h e y a r e h a v in g a n e x h ib it io n .4 s o n g o f a n ig h t in g a le o r a m e lo d y o f a q u ic k r iv e r , y o u a d m ir e t h e p ic t u r e s q u e о you a b o u t, has fin a lly opened. o f m odern b u t m o s t o f th e p a in t in g s w e re a b s o lu te ly B. w XI u la n d s ca p e s o f n a tu re , to u c h a sea sto n e w it h a u n iq u e sh a p e ? < T h o se th in g s a p p ea l to y o u r sen se s and w y o u r e m o t io n s . a rt. I w e n t a lo n g y esterd a y u n u s u a l! Y o u ’d sa y th e re w as n o th in g w o rth s e e ­ X < in g . I k n o w y o u lik e th e w o r k s o f R e m ­ b ra n d t, B. w 3 . W h a t is th e h is t o r y o f a r t c lo s e ly c o n ­ n e c t e d w ith ? T h e h is t o r y o f c iv iliz a t io n . 4 . H o w w e re p ie c e s o f a r t a d m ir e d a n d A rt L eon ardo r e fle c ts th e da V in c i id e a s of and th e oth er. m a ster a b o u t th e s u r r o u n d in g w o rld . B u t e v e r y v a lu e d in d iff e r e n t h is t o r ic a l p e r io d s ? m a ster sees A . d e p ic t s it th r o u g h th e c a n v a s o f h is /h e r A s a m e s s a g e c r e a te d b y ta le n te d p e o ­ p le w it h th e h e lp o f th e u n iv e r s a l la n ­ guage. 7 .1 . d iffe r e n tly and o w n f e e lin g s a n d e m o t io n s . M o d e r n a r t is T h e a r t is t h a s b e e n t h r ille d w it h th e th e w o rld stra n g e but th ere is u s u a lly som e­ t h in g v e r y in t e r e s t in g t o lo o k a t. W e ll, b e a u ty o f th e sea. m a y b e n o t v e r y in t e r e s t in g b u t t o t a lly 2 . T h e w o rk s o f a r t h a v e t o d e p ic t t o th e in t e r e s t in g . p e r s o n ’s s o u l. T h e b r o c h u r e w a s v e r y f u n n y b e c a u s e it 3 . T h e d iffe r e n t p u r p o s e s o f a r t m a y be w a s w r itt e n as i f w e w e re lo o k in g at th e g r o u p e d in a c c o r d a n c e w it h t h o s e w h ic h a r e w o r k o f a n ew R e m b r a n d t. (M u ch b e t t e r n o n -m o t iv a te d a n d w h ic h a r e m o t iv a te d . oa CM t h a n t h e a c t u a l p a i n t i n g s , b y t h e w a y !) 4 . A r t w ill e x is t fo re v e r. O h , w e ll, m o t h e r is c o m in g s o I m u s t g e t 5. A b a ck to w ork ! n ig h tin g a le ’s s in g in g is a p ie c e o f n a tu re a rt. J im .
    • L e s s o n s 3 - 4 . G e n r e s o f P a in t in g 4. 1- A h is to ry of p a in tin g r e fe r s 3 . T h e T r e t y a k o v G a lle r y is in M o s c o w . to 4. T h e N a t io n a l G a lle r y o f A r t s is in p a in t in g s s h o w in g t h e e x e m p la r y d e e d s W a s h i n g t o n , D .C . a n d s t r u g g le s o f m o r a l fig u r e s . 5 . T h e L o u v r e is in P a r is . 2. A p o r tr a it a p erson — any in w h ic h r e p r e s e n t a t io n of t h e fa c e is th e m a in 6 . T h e B r it is h M u s e u m is in L o n d o n . 1. 6 . P e o p le h a v e a lw a y s b e e n e n c h a n te d th e m e . b y b e a u tifu l tu n e s , e x t r a o r d in a r y d e s ig n , 3 . G e n re p a in t in g r e fe r s t o p ic tu r e s d e ­ a n d w o n d e r fu l a r c h ite c tu r e . p ic t in g s itu a t io n s a n d s c e n e s o f e v e r y d a y 2 . E a ch c o u n t r y is fa m o u s f o r a n d p r o u d life . o f its m u s e u m s , m o n u m e n ts o f a r c h it e c ­ 4. A la n d s c a p e d e s c r ib e s a s c e n ic v ie w , t u r e , a n d s c u lp t u r e , w h ic h t e s t if y t o th e f o r e x a m p le m e a d o w s , h ills , m o u n ta in s , in t e lle c t u a l w e a lt h , a r t is t i c t a le n t s , a n d v a lle y s , im m o r t a l s o u l o f its p e o p le . tre e s, r iv e r s , fo re sts, coa sta l 3 . S o m e p e o p le v is it m u se u m s a n d g a lle r ­ v ie w s , a n d se a sca p e . 5 . S t ill life d en otes a s p e c ific g e n r e o f p a in t in g in c lu d in g t h e o b je c t s ( flo w e r s o r ie s q u ite v o lu n t a r ily , b e c a u s e t h e y fe e l th e c a ll o f a r ts . I k it c h e n u t e n s ils , h o u s e h o ld o b je c t s ) la id 4. o u t o n t h e ta b le . s e u m s b e c a u s e I a d m ir e c o m in g in to u c h 5 . 1. The aim of a history painting is to elevate the morals of the whole commu­ nity. w it h t h e p ic t o r ia l h is t o r y o f t h e w o r ld rg w it h a ll its v i c t o r i e s , t r a g e d ie s a n d d is a s ­ t e r s , t r iu m p h s a n d c e le b r a tio n s . 5 . V is it in g a m u s e u m in U k r a in e is r a th e r .4 bo ok .o 2 . L a n d s c a p e d e s c r ib e s a s c e n ic y ie w f o r ta k e a n in te r e s t in g o in g t o th e m u ­ e x a m p le m e a d o w s , h ills , m o u n ta in s , v a l­ c h e a p , w h ile th e k n o w le d g e v i s it o r s r e ­ le y s , t r e e s , r iv e r s , f o r e s t s , c o a s t a l v ie w s , c e iv e is in v a lu a b le . and seascape. 6 . I t ’s u n f o r g e t t a b l e w h e n y o u s t a n d in 3 . T r a d it io n a l p o r t r a it s u s u a lly d e p ic t th e f r o n t o f th e m a s t e r p ie c e a n d fe e l e v e r y ­ s it t e r h e a d -a n d -s h o u ld e r s , h a lf-le n g t h o r t h in g t h e a r t is t f e lt a n d w a n t e d t o te ll. 7. I w is h m y c la s s m a t e s a n d I fr e q u e n t ly fu ll-b o d ie d . 4 . S u b je c t s in c lu d e d in t o g e n r e p a in t in g s w e n t t o t h e m u s e u m s b e c a u s e a r t is a u n i­ are v e r s a l la n g u a g e w h ic h m a y u n it e p e o p le d o m e s t ic t im e s , s e ttin g s , c e le b r a tio n s , in t e r io r s , ta v e rn or m e a l­ peasan t sce n e s, m a rk ets an d o th e r stre e t scen es. s y m b o lic w 5. The m essages o f s t ill life s w r e m in d th e v ie w e r o f th e tr a n s ie n c e a n d t r iv ia lit y o f m o r ta l life . w 8b. 1 . c o l o u r f u l o f d iffe r e n t c o u n t r ie s . 8 . A r t d is t in g u is h e s m e n f r o m a n im a ls . 9. A r t is e t e r n a l, it is n e v e r e n d in g , b u t t im e is fle e t in g . 7 c .i . M . P y m o n e n k o w a s o n e o f th e m o st p o p u la r a r t is t s in U k r a in e w h o c o n t in u e d 2. con tem p ora ry th e 3 . b e a u tifu l g e n r e p a in tin g . R e a lis t tr a d itio n in th e U k r a in ia n 4. m od ern 2 . H e s tu d ie d at th e s ch o o l o f ic o n o g r a ­ 5. s h o c k in g p h y o f th e K y iv M o n a s t e r y o f th e C a v e s, 6 . s o p h is t ic a t e d in M . M u r a s h k o ’s s c h o o l a n d in th e S t P e ­ 7. r e a lis t ic tersb u rg A cad em y o f A rt. 8 . s im p le 3. V o l o d y m y r O r l o v s k y 9. d e p r e s s in g a c ir c le o f th e fa m o u s R e a lis t a r t is t s lik e 10. tr a d itio n a l I ly a R e p in , Iv a n S h y s h k in 11. d iv in e K u in d z h i. 12. m oral 4. H i s w o r k s w e r e d i s p l a y e d i n M u n i c h 13. w o n d e r fu l a n d P a r is . in t r o d u c e d h im t o and A rk h yp L e s s o n s 5 - 6 . V is itin g t h e M u s e u m 5 . H e p a in te d th e m u r a l, D o r m it io n o f th e o f F in e A r ts M o t h e r o f G o d in t h e C h u r c h o f S t C y r il in 4b. 1 . T h e K h a n e n k o W e s te rn a n d O ri­ K y iv a t th e in v it a t io n o f M y k h a ilo V r u b e l. e n ta l A r t M u s e u m is in K y iv . 6 . H is w o r k s a r e o ft e n r e fe r r e d t o a s th e 2. e n c y c lo p e d ia o f th e U k r a in ia n v illa g e life . T h e P r a d o is in M a d r id .
    • 9. 1 - А : E x c u s e m e , c o u ld y o u h e lp m e ? t h o u g h t h e c o lle c t io n c o v e r s a w id e r a n g e B: S orry? t 'm u < u X o f c o u n t r ie s , it d o e s n o t c la im A : D o y o u k n o w i f t h is is th e w a y t o T h e le te r e p r e s e n t a t io n o f p e r io d s a n d s ty le s T a te ? o f th e fo r e ig n a r t a n d c r e a t iv e m a n n e r s o f B : P a rd on ? fo r e ig n a r t is t s . It is n o t th e n u m b e r o f a r t A : T h e T a te . I t ’s a n a r t g a lle r y . t o c o m p l- p ie c e s , b u t u n iq u e n a tu r e o f m a n y o f th e m in h e r e m y ­ th a t m a k e s K y iv M u s e u m o f W e s t e r n a n d th e T a te . A s k O r ie n t a l A r t fa m o u s n o t o n l y in U k r a in e B : I ’ v e n o id e a . I ’ m n o t f r o m s e lf. I d o n ’ t r e a lly k n o w (13 s o m e o n e e ls e . b u t f a r a b r o a d a s w e ll. In 2 0 0 9 , th e m u r iC s 2. seu m X B : Y es? 8 . A : D o y o u k n o w a p la c e r o u n d h e r e c a lle d ... p a in t in g s a r e s h o w n t o t h e p u b lic . T a 5 Ъ 0 З ІЗ X 01 C Q A : E x cu se m e. c e le b r a te d its 9 0 th a n n iv e r s a r y . 1. A n a r t g a lle r y — a b u ild in g w h e re B ; S o r r y , w h a t w a s it c a lle d th e T a te ? 2 . A n e x h ib it io n — a s h o w o f p a in t in g s , A : T h e T a t e . I t ’s a n a r t g a l l e r y . p h o t o g r a p h s o r o th e r o b je c ts th a t p e o p le B : O h r ig h t . Y e s , I th in k I k n o w th e T a te . ca n g o to see. I t ’s d o w n th e r e s o m e w h e r e . I ’m n o t s u re 3 . A p a in te r — so m e o n e w h o p a in ts p ic ­ w h e r e a b o u ts e x a c tly . tu res. A : S orry? 4 . T h e s c h o o l o f p a in te r s — B : I ’ m n o t s u r e w h e r e i t i s e x a c t l y , b u t i t ’s p e o p le th a t u s e a p a r t ic u la r s t y le . a grou p of 5. E n tra n ce fe e s — fe e s to e n te r th e m u ­ s t r a ig h t o n d o w n t h is r o a d . A s k s o m e o n e seu m . rg d o w n th e re so m e w h e re . J u s t k e e p g o in g S e ls e w h e n y o u c o m e th e re . 6 . T o c o m e In t o u c h w it h — I A : O K . T h a n k you v e ry m u ch . la te s t 5 C : N o p r o b le m . I w is h y o u fin d it. s o m e t h in g . in fo r m a tio n .4 bo ok .o X I or ■B- L e s s o n s 7 - 8 . A d m ir in g О th e C o lle c tio n s o f th e M u se u m s 8 . E x q u is ite — K y iv M u s e u m to h a v e th e k n o w le d g e about v e r y d e lic a t e ly m a d e . с: 3 b . <c 7. I n v a lu a b le — e x t r e m e ly u s e f u l. o f W e s te r n a n d O ri­ en ta l A r t e x t r e m e ly b e a u tifu l a n d 9 . T o s k e t c h — t o d r a w a s im p le , q u ic k ly - CQ T h e M u seu m o f A r t n am ed a fte r B oh dan m a d e d r a w in g th a t d o e s n o t s h o w m u ch О a n d V a rv a ra K h a n e n k o w a s fo u n d e d d e t a il. < s e u m . T h e m u s e u m is a ls o c a lle d t h e M u ­ 1919 on o f th e ir p r iv a te m u­ s e u m o f W e s t e r n a n d O r ie n ta l A r t . been 191 9 th e n u m b e r o f e x h ib its m ore th a n 13 t im e s 10. T o r a d ia te — t o s e n d o u t (lig h t o r h e a t o r a fe e lin g ). 11. T o d is t in g u is h w F rom w J3 u th e b a s is in in c r e a s e d has — to r e c o g n iz e an d tw o o r t h r e e m o r e t h in g s o r p e o p le . fr o m 1 2 5 0 t o n e a r ly 1 7 0 0 0 a r t w o r k s , w it h 12. E tern a l — 2000 h a v in g n o e n d . p ie c e s V is ito r s p ie c e s of exposed w X < — u n d e rsta n d th e d iffe r e n c e b e tw e e n can v ie w fo r e ig n in m u seu m m any a rt: h a lls . r e m a r k a b le A n cie n t G reek , R o m a n , I t a lia n , F r e n c h , S p a n is h , F le m ­ 1 1 . c o n tin u in g f o r e v e r a n d T h e Iv a n A iv a z o v s k y N a tio n a l A r t G a lle r y F e o d o s ia w a s th e n a tiv e c it y o f th e fa m o u s is h , D u t c h , J a p a n e s e , C h in e s e , P e r s a ia n , seascape T u r k is h . E g y p t ia n th e w a s b o r n th e r e in 1817 t o a fa m ily o f th e c o lle c t io n e n r ich e d an d fo rm e d , th a n k s p o o r A r m e n ia n m e rch a n t. H e w a s w o rk ­ to th e e ffo r ts etc. W ith t im e o f m a n y fa m o u s p e o p le . p a in te r Ivan A iv a z o v s k y . He in g th e re fr o m 184 8 to 1 9 0 0 an d w as b u r ­ T h e c o lle c t io n o f th e m u s e u m t o d a y c o n ­ ie d t h e r e (n e a r th e S u r b - S a r k iz C h u r c h ). s is t s o f 2 5 t h o u s a n d s o f e x h ib it s a n d is A iv a z o v s k y ’s fir s t “ c a n v a s e s ” c o n s id e r e d to b e th e b ig g e s t fo r e ig n a r t w a lls o f n e ig h b o u r in g h o u s e s , o n w h ic h c o lle c t io n in U k r a in e . A m ong th e w e re th e m u­ h e d r e w w it h c h a r c o a l. In 1 8 4 5 , th e a r t ­ s e u m ’s c o l l e c t i o n t h e r e a r e r e a l f i n e a r t is t b u ilt a h o u s e w it h a b i g s t u d io . N o w m a s t e r p ie c e s . T h e r e is , f o r e x a m p le , th e os 00 N it is h o s t e d a m u s e u m n a m e d a ft e r h im . w o r ld -fa m o u s w o r k o f D ie g o V e la s q u e z , am ong T h e P o r tr a it o f In fa n ta M a r g a r e t, lo c a t ­ w rite r A n to n C h ek h ov . W ith th e p a r t ic i­ e d in th e S p a n is h h a ll o f th e m u s e u m . A l ­ p a tio n w hose of th e v is it o r s w as A iv a z o v s k y a fa m o u s a r c h a e o lo g i­
    • c a l m u s e u m fo u n d a t io n , a p u b lic lib r a r y s u g g e s t s t h a t i t is in t e n d e d as a p o r t r a it , w a s o p e n e d in t h e c it y , a c o n c e r t h a ll w a s r a th e r th a n a s k e tc h f o r a la r g e r w o rk . b u ilt , a n d a s e a t r a d e p o r t a n d r a ilw a y L e s s o n s 1 1 - 1 2 . I n c r e d ib le P e o p le : fr o m S im fe r o p o l w e re c o n s tr u c te d . M a r ia P r y i m a c h e n k o a n d T h e p a in te r a d d e d a g a lle r y t o h is s tu d io M a r ia n n e N o rth in 1 8 8 0 . A c c o r d in g t o h is w ill, th e g a lle r y 5. 1. h a d b e c o m e t h e p r o p e r t y o f th e c it y . O v e r t o ? D e p ic t in g n a tu r e . 1 2 0 0 0 s e a s ca p e s a re k e p t in th e m u se u m , 2. 4 17 o f th em b y Iv a n A iv a z o v s k y . travel L e s s o n s 9 - 1 0 . T h e G o ld e n A g e W h a t a r e th e s e a r t ic le s d e d ic a t e d W hy d id M a r ia n n e arou n d th e N orth w o rld ? d e c id e B ecau se to sh e w a n t e d t o p a in t flo w e r s a n d p la n t s . in t h e B r i t i s h P a i n t i n g 3. 4 Э - 1 . P a in t i n g in E n g la n d in t h e 1 7 - 1 9 t h is s p e c ia l about m a c h e n k o ’s W hat w ork s? She M a r ia P r y i- tr a n s fo rm e d c e n t u r ie s w a s r e p r e s e n te d a n d g r e a t ly in ­ in t o p a in t a n d e m b r o id e r y th e s m e lls o f flu e n c e d b y a n u m b e r o f f o r e ig n p a in t e r s . p e a s a n t c o o k in g , t h e m e lo d ie s o f p e a s a n t 2 . D u r in g th e 1 8 th c e n t u r y th e t r u ly n a ­ s o n g s , th e b e a u ty o f th e r u r a l la n d s ca p e , t io n a l s c h o o l o f p a in t in g w a s c r e a te d . a n d th e s o u n d s o f w ild a n d d o m e s t ic a t e d In D e c e m b e r 1 7 6 8 , th e R o y a l A c a d e m y w as fo u n d e d and R e y n o ld s becam e its T hom as 4 . W h e r e d id M a r ia n n e N o r t h e x h ib it h e r p ic tu r e s ? In K e w G a r d e n s . fir s t p r e s id e n t. 4. a n im a ls . G a in s b o r o u g h w as th e fir s t 5. W h ere w ere M a r ia P r y im a c h e n k o ’s rg 3. w o rk s e x h ib ite d ? A ll o v e r th e fo rm e r S o ­ t r y s id e s o s in c e r e ly . v i e t U n io n , U k r a in e a n d a b r o a d . .4 bo ok .o E n g lis h a r t is t t o p a in t h is n a t iv e c o u n ­ 5 . J o h n C o n s ta b le w a s t h e h e r a ld o f r o ­ 6 . W h y a r e th e ir w o rk s im p o r t a n t? P e o ­ p le m a n tic is m . 6 . T o p a in t sea w a s th e fa v o u r ite to p ic o f a n o u ts ta n d in g p a in te r J o s e p h T u rn e r. 6 . 5, and 1 . T o lo w e r — r a is e 2 . O b s c u r ity — a fa m e 3 . T o h id e — t o s h o w 5 . W e a k ly — s t r o n g ly w 6 . D o m e s tic — fo r e ig n 1 . T h e a r t ic le d e a ls w it h th e E n g lis h w p a in te r s . th e d e s ir e to le a rn about th e 1 . M a r ia n n e l iv e d in G lo u c e s t e r s h ir e r e c e iv e d a la r g e h o u s e , w h ic h she k e p t b y r e m a in in g u n m a r r ie d . 2 . T h e illn e s s m a d e th e g ir l m o r e c o n c e n ­ tra ted 4 . F a ls e — t r u e 6 . have w o rld a b o u t th e m m u ch b e tte r. o n h e r in n e r w o r ld : sh e w a s o b ­ s e r v a n t , s h e lis t e n e d t o th e n a tu r e , sh e w a tch e d b e a u ty a r o u n d h er. 3 . S h e lo v e d t o p a in t a n d sh o w e d g r e a t lo v e t o b o t a n y a r o u n d h er. 4 . A t an e a r ly a g e sh e to o k t o a fe w p a in t­ w as V an D y ck . in g t e c h n iq u e s s h e u s e d to p a in t th e p la n ts 3. w 2 . T h e fa t h e r o f E n g lis h p o r t r a it s c h o o l J o s h u a R e y n o ld s h a d n ’ t c r e a te d a c e r ­ o f h e r h o m e a n d o f h e r n e ig h b o u r s . t a in id e a liz a t io n o f t h e c h a r a c t e r s , o n ly 5 .H e r w o r k is o fg r e a tb o ta n ic a lim p o r ta n c e g e n e ra l im p re s s io n s . b e ca u s e sh e d e p ic te d n a tu r e as sh e saw it. 4 . T h o m a s G a in s b o r o u g h m a n a g e d t o c r e ­ 6 . B u t sh e b r o u g h t in to h e r a r t h er o w n a te a t r u e im p r e s s io n o f t h e s itte r . lo v e , ta le n t a n d w is d o m . 1 1. L e s s o n 1 4 . T e s t Y o u r S k i l ls T h e fr e e h a n d in g o f th e “ S h r im p G ir l” is c o m b in e d w it h c o c k n e y v iv a c it y . T h e 2 . B a s ic C o lo u r T h e o r y g i r l is b r u s h e d o n t o t h e c a n v a s in a v i g o r ­ T h ere o u s im p r e s s iv e s t y le . T h e p a in t in g d e p ic ts y e llo w , b lu e ) a n d t h r e e s e c o n d a r y c o lo u r s are th ree p r im a r y c o lo u r s (re d , a w o m a n s e llin g s h e llfis h in th e m a r k e t o f (o r a n g e , g r e e n , a n d p u r p le ). T h e p r im a r y L o n d o n . I t w a s a t y p ic a l j o b f o r t h e w iv e s c o lo u r s a re th e c o lo u r s th a t c a n ’t b e m a d e a n d d a u g h te r s o f fis h m o n g e r s w h o o w n e d b y m ix in g a n y o th e r c o lo u r s , a n d th e s e c ­ s t a lls in t h e s t r e e t s a n d m a r k e t s s u c h a s o n d a r y c o lo u r s a re m a d e b y m ix in g tw o B illin g s g a t e . T h e s u b je c t o f a p o r t r a it is a p r im a r ie s t o g e t h e r . R e d c o m b in e d w it h la r g e b a s k e t o n h e r b a la n c in g h e a d , b e a r ­ y e llo w i n g s h r im p s a n d m u s s e ls , t o g e t h e r w it h a w it h h a lf-p in t p e w te r p o t as a m e a s u re . Its s iz e b in e d w it h r e d m a k e s p u r p le . m akes b lu e oran ge, m akes y e llo w green , and c o m b in e d b lu e com ­
    • D if fe r e n t c o lo u r s le a d t o a c h ie v e d i f f e r ­ M y m o th e r w a s in t e r e s t e d h o w y o u c o u ld e n t e f fe c t s . D iffe r e n t c o lo u r s m a y h ig h ­ t e ll a b o u t it. lig h t th e v ie w e r s in , k n o w th e e y e o f th e 1 0 . W h a t o b j e c t s is t h e m a n h o l d i n g ? v ie w e r a r o u n d o n th e s u r fa c e o f th e o b je c t R ic k y w a n te d t o k n o w w h a t o b je c ts th e o r im a g e , a n d p r o v id e d iff e r e n t e m o t io n ­ m a n w a s h o ld in g . a l r e s p o n s e s . U se o f d iffe r e n t c o lo u r s c r e ­ 1 1 . W h o w o u ld b e in y o u r f a m ily p o r t r a it a te e m p h a s is , e m o t io n , e t c . O fte n c o lo u r s i f y o u w e re p a in tin g a p ic tu re o f th e m ? d r a w p a r t s o f a n im a g e t o d r a w s p e c ific M y f r ie n d a s k e d m e w h o w o u ld h a v e b e e n a t t e n t io n t o it . in m y f a m ily p o r t r a it i f w e w e r e p a in t in g 3. 1 . D o a r t is t s p a in t p e o p le a n d th in g s a p ic tu re o f th em . th e y k n o w fr o m th e w o rld a ro u n d th e m ? 1 2 . H a v e y o u e v e r b e e n t o th e N a t io n G a l­ T h e y a s k e d i f a r t is t s p a in te d p e o p le a n d le r y in L o n d o n , S u e ? th in g s th e y k n e w fr o m th e w o r ld a r o u n d th e m . M a ry w a n ted to k n ow if S u e h ad e v e r been 2 . W e r e fa m ily p o r t r a it s co m m o n a lo n g t o th e N a tio n a l G a lle r y in L o n d o n . tim e a g o ? 4. A n n w a n te d to k n o w i f fa m ily p o r tr a it s N e p o m u c e n o M a r ia d e lo s R e m e d io s C ip r i- P a b lo D ie g o J o s e F r a n c i s c o d e P a u la J u a n h a d b e e n c o m m o n a lo n g t im e a g o . a n o d e la S a n t is im a T r in id a d R u iz у P ic a s s o 3 .A r e fa m ily p o r t r a it s s t illp o p u la r t o d a y ? w as b o rn o n th e 2 5 O ctob er. H e w as a S p a n ­ is h p a in te r , c r a ft s m a n , a n d s c u lp t o r . P ic a s ­ s o s h o w e d h is t r u ly e x c e p tio n a l ta le n t fr o m 4 . D id y o u t a k e p h o t o g r a p h s o f y o u r f a m ­ a v e r y y o u n g a g e . H is f ir s t w o r k w a s la p is (S p a n is h f o r p e n c il) a n d h e le a r n e d t o d r a w oo k. o ily on s p e c ia l d a y s f o r s p e c ia l r e a s o n s ? rg K a t e a s k e d i f f a m ily p o r t r a it s w e r e s t ill p o p u la r to d a y . M s A lis o n a sk ed i f y o u to o k p h o to g ra p h s b e f o r e h e c o u l d t a lk . H is f a t h e r w a s a n a m ­ o f y o u r fa m ily o n s p e c ia l d a y s fo r s p e c ia l a te u r a r t is t . W h e n h e sa w h o w b e a u tifu lly rea son s. P a b lo c o m p le t e d a p ic t u r e o f t h e ir p ig e o n s , 5 . W h a t c lo t h e s a r e y o u g o in g t o w e a r t o n o s t o p p in g h im p ose fo r a p h otog ra p h ? P ic a s s o J im a s k e d w h a t c lo t h e s y o u w e r e g o i n g t o .4 b w ear to p ose fo r a p h otog ra p h . h e n e v e r p a in te d a g a in . d e m o n stra te d u n can n y a r t is tic t a le n t in h is e a r ly y e a r s , p a in t in g in a r e ­ a lis t ic m a n n e r t h r o u g h h is c h ild h o o d a d ­ 6 . W h e r e w ill y o u s t a n d o r s it t o p o s e f o r o le s c e n c e . D u r in g th e fir s t d e c a d e o f th e a p h otog ra p h ? t w e n tie th Ja n e w a n ted to know w h e r e w o n ld you c e n t u r y h is s t y le c h a n g e d as h e e x p e r im e n t e d w it h d iff e r e n t t h e o r ie s , t e c h n iq u e s , a n d id e a s . H e is b e s t k n o w n 7. W h a t d id w e a lt h y p e o p le d o b e f o r e th e f o r h is C u b is t p ic t u r e s w h ic h u s e d o n ly w sta n d o r s it t o p o s e f o r a p h o to g r a p h . The w w ca m e r a w a s in v e n te d ? tea ch er w as in te r e s te d s im p le g e o m e t r ic s h a p e s . G u e r n ic a p a in t ­ in w hat e d 1 9 3 7 is u n d is p u t e d ly o n e o f th e m a s ­ ■ w e a lt h y p e o p l e h a d d o n e b e f o r e t h e c a m - t e r p ie c e s o f m o d e r n p a in t in g . It r e c o r d s g,’ r a w a s i n v e n t e d . th e G e rm a n 3 in g t h e S p a n is h C iv il W a r . P ic a s s o c r e ­ ^ oes th e M o r g a n fa m ily lo o k h a p p y , s a d , s e r io u s , s illy ? T h e р и р їИ asked b o m b in g o f G u e r n ic a du r­ a te s o v e r 6 ,0 0 0 p a in t in g s , d r a w in g s a n d if th e M organ fa m ily s c u lp tu r e s . T o d a y a “ P ic a s s o ” c o s ts s e v ­ lo o k e d h ap^Jy. s a d , s e r io u s , s illy . e r a l m illio n p o u n d s . P a b lo P ic a s s o d ie d o f 9. h e a r t fa ilu r e o n 8 A p r il 1 97 3 in F ra n ce . H o w c a n y i^ u t e ll a b o u t it ? U n it 6 . S c i e n c e a n d T e c h n o l o g y L e s i o n s 1 - 2 . I n v e n tio n s , 6.1. I n y /^ n t io n s , I n v e n t i o n s ... I chines will be able to do most o f the things ] at factories. M od et" technology and different in­ I 4 . C o m p u t e r s h a v e m a d e o u r l i v e s e a s i e r . I 5 . In th e n e x t f ift y y e a rs b ig c h a n g e s a re ventions ca)n be seen everywhere. 2 . W h a t j< a d g e ts c a n ’ t b e u s e d i n t h e I e x p e c t e d . k itch e n ? An e le c tr ic t o o t h b r u s h . I 6. Phone programmes from the Internet 3 . I n t h e l i e a r e s t f u t u r e r o b o t s a n d m a - I are available now.
    • 7. 1. A n in v e n tio n —c r e a t i o n 2. 2 . A g a d g e t — d e v ic e Som e n a tu ra l d is a s te rs w o u ld n ’ t b e p r e d ic te d i f th e re w e re n o co m p u te rs. 3 . A c c e s s ib le — u s a b le 3. A t 4 . A n e q u ip m e n t — m a c h in e r y b e re co rd e d i f th e re w ere n o co m p u te rs. 5 . A v a ila b le — h a n d y 4 . I f it w e re n o t fo r c o m p u te r s , a lo t o f 6 . T o c o m m u n ic a t e — s p e a k th in g s c o u ld n ’t b e ru n in o u r h o u se . h o s p i t a l p a t i e n t ’s h e a r t r a t e c o u l d n ’ t 7. A d e v e lo p m e n t — p r o g r e s s 5 . I f it w e r e n o t f o r c o m p u t e r s , c h ild r e n 8 . E v id e n c e — p r o o f w o u ld n ’t b e s o a g g r e s s iv e in r e a l life . 8 . 1. If you had no mobile phone you couldn’t communicate with people from everywhere. p le w o u ld b e e m p lo y e d . 2 . I f m y k itc h e n w e re n o t f u ll o f g a d g e ts I E t h ic s is a m o r a l c o d e in v o lv in g a c le a r 6 . I f th e r e w e re le s s c o m p u t e r s , m o r e p e o ­ 1 1 , C o m p u te r E th ic s c o u ld n ’t c o o k a lo t o f d is h e s . u n d e r s t a n d in g o f r ig h t a n d w r o n g . A n ­ 3 . I f th e r e w e r e n o c o m p u t e r in m y r o o m o th e r w o rd fo r e th ic s is v a lu e s . W e a re m y l if e w o u ld b e h a r d e r . g o in g t o fo c u s o n c o m p u te r e th ic s . 4 . A lo t o f f a c t o r ie s e m p lo y fe w e r p e o p le If you i f t h e y h a v e a lo t o f r o b o t s . w o n ’ t t r y t o h u r t p e o p le w it h y o u r c o m p u ­ have g ood c o m p u te r e th ics , y o u 5 . O u r liv e s w o u ld b e m o r e c o m fo r t a b le i f te r , a n d y o u w o n ’t c o m m it c r im e s s u c h as w e h a d a lo t o f u s a b le t h in g s . in fo r m a t io n t h e ft o r v ir u s c r e a t io n . T h e 6 . O u r h o u s e w o u ld b e m o r e r e lia b le i f w e p r o b le m h a d a lo t o f g a d g e ts in th e k itc h e n . u s a r e o n a c o m p u t e r is th a t w e d o n ’t s e e 1 1 , F r o m th e H is t o r y o f a S p o r t s S h o e t h e h a r m i n s n o o p i n g i n a n o t h e r p e r s o n ’s .4 bo ok .o rg th a t o fte n a r is e s w h e n s o m e o f M o s to fy o u r p a r e n ts b u tp r o b a b ly n o tm a n y p r iv a te o f y o u r e m e m b e r th e r u b b e r -s o le d p lim ­ o u t th e ir in fo r m a t io n . It se e m s s m a r t t o s o lls th a t w e r e t r a d it io n a lly w o r n in P E le s ­ c o p y a n d p a s te in fo r m a t io n in t o a s ch o o l passw ords or t r y in g to fig u r e s o n s t h r o u g h o u t m o s t s c h o o ls in E u r o p e . r e p o r t a n d p r e te n d th a t w e w r o te it. T h e T h ese c r im e s c o m m it t e d w it h h a c k in g o r g a m ­ w ere r e p la c e d by a ir c u s h io n e d , g e l fille d c a p s u le s w it h s u p e r io r t e c h n i­ in g sca m s d o n ’t seem c a l p e r fo rm a n ce . T h e y c o m e in a v a r ie ty t h e v ic t im s la c k fa c e s . F la m in g (a im in g o f c o lo u r s , s h a p e s a n d fo r m s a n d a re p e r- a b u s iv e , in s u lt in g ch a s e d a s m u ch fo r th e ir a p p e a ra n ce as p e r s o n o n lin e ) s e e m s r is k -fr e e s in c e w e h a r m fu l b e ca u se m essages at a n o th e r a re a n o n y m o u s . N o o n e is g o in g t o co m e w th e ir p e r fo r m a n c e . k n o c k in g o n th e d o o r a n d d e m a n d a p h y s ­ a r e a r e la tiv e ly n e w in v e n t io n , b u t t h e y ica l c o n fr o n ta tio n . H ow ev er, e v e ry o n e o f w Y o u m a y t h in k th a t s p ik e d r u n n in g s h o e s t h o s e a c t iv it ie s is a v io la t io n o f c o m p u t e r In 1 8 9 0 s a B r it is h c o m p a n y , w h ic h is n o w e th ics . w h a v e b e e n a r o u n d f o r a t le a s t a 1 0 0 y e a r s . c a lle d R e e b o k c r e a t e d r u n n i n g s h o e s w it h The s p ik e s in th e m . T h e s p ik e d s h o e w a s d e v e l­ p r o fit r e s e a r c h a n d e d u c a t io n o r g a n iz a ­ o p e d o u t o f n e c e s s it y . T h e fo u n d e r o f th e t io n in W a s h i n g t o n , p u b lis h e d a c o d e o f c o m p a n y e n jo y e d r u n n in g a n d w a n te d t o e th ic s in d e v e lo p a s h o e th a t c o u ld in c r e a s e h is s p e e d . C o m p u te r know n as A d id a s , had crea ted a I n s t it u t e , a non­ fo r com p u ter u sers. L e s s o n s 5 - 6 . D e a lin g w it h I n 1 9 2 5 , a c o m p a n y c a lle d A d i D a s s le r , now 1998 E th ic s M o d e r n T e c h n o lo g y 1 a. 1■A c o m p u t e r — a m a c h in e th a t m a ­ r a n g e o f s h o e s w it h h a n d -fo r g e d s p ik e s . n ip u la te s d a ta a c c o r d in g t o a s e t o f i n ­ T h e y o ffe r e d a ra n g e o f sh o e s fo r d iffe r e n t s tr u c tio n s . d is ta n c e s . T h e c o m p a n y u se d th e s tr o n g ­ 2 . A k e y b o a r d — a p e r ip h e r a l w h ic h p r o ­ e s t a n d lig h te s t m a t e r ia ls a v a ila b le a t th e d u c e s a h a r d c o p y o f d o c u m e n t s s t o r e d in tim e t o m a k e th e r u n n in g s h o e s . e le ctr o n ic fo rm . L e s s o n s 3 - 4 . C o m p u te r s H ere, T h e r e , E v e r y w h e r e ... 9. 1. If there were no computers, pilots couldn’t be given important information such as speed and altitude. 3. A p r o c e s s o r — s y s te m th a t tr a n s la te s o r c o n v e rts b etw een d iffe r e n t d a ta fo rm a ts. 4 . A p r in te r — a d e v ic e th a t a cce p ts te x t a n d g r a p h ic o u tp u t fr o m a c o m p u te r a n d tr a n s fe rs th e in fo r m a tio n to p a p er.
    • 5. A scan n er — a d e v ic e th a t o p tic a lly o n th e c o m p u t e r . Y o u c a n fin d in fo r m a ­ s c a n s im a g e s , p r in t e d t e x t , h a n d w r it in g , t io n o r an o b je c t, a n d c o n v e r ts it to a d ig ita l e n e d . T h e I n te r n e t c a n in s t a n t ly c o n n e c t im a g e . y o u t o o t h e r c o m p u t e r s , a llo w in g y o u to 6 . A m o n ito r — a d e v ic e th a t d is p la y s th e “ c h a t ” w it h p e o p le a ll o v e r t h e w o r l d . I t ’ s v id e o a n d g r a p h ic s in fo r m a tio n g e n e ra te d a c t u a lly v e r y e a s y t o le a r n h o w t o u se th e b y th e c o m p u te r th r o u g h th e v id e o c a r d . sy stem , 5. 1 . T h e m o s t im p o r t a n t s k ill a p e r s o n n e v e r w a n t to tu rn th e co m p u te r o ff! The ra s h o u ld le a r n is th e k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u ­ d e v e lo p m e n t o f s u ch t e c h n o lo g y h a s c o m e s t e r s k ills . a lo n g w a y . T h e se e le c tr o n ic d e v ic e s h a v e 2. c h a n g e d m a n y p e o p le ’ s liv e s f o r e v e r . I T >> a Ct 0 3 Л 1 Ш a >s s C o m p u te r s k ills c o u ld h e lp u s t o b e s u c ­ on any and t o p ic -p o s s ib ilit ie s on ce y o u ’ re are o n lin e , le s s ­ y o u ’ ll L e s s o n s 7 - 8 . U R 2 O ld c e s s fu l, a ffe c t in g p o s it iv e ly o n o u r s t u d ­ 3. ie s , w o r k a n d p r iv a t e life . 1. K a t ie a n d h e r fr ie n d s w e r e t a lk in g 3 . I t ’s p o s s i b l e t o m a k e r e s e a r c h p r o j e c t s a b o u t a film s t a r . w it h o u t 2 . K a t i e ’s f a t h e r l o o k e d i n t o h i s r e a r v i e w m a k in g th e e x p e n s iv e n a tu ra l e x p e r im e n ts . m ir r o r a n d sa w h is d a u g h te r s e n d in g an 4 . C o m p u te r s k ills a r e th e c r u c ia l p a r a m ­ e -m a il. e te r to a tte n d to a g o o d jo b a n d to b e p r o ­ 3 . T h e b a c k -s e a t c h a t t e r in g s to p p e d b e ­ m o te d h ig h e r a n d h ig h e r . c a u s e K a t ie d id n ’ t w a n t h e r fa t h e r t o h e a r 5 . E v e n d o c t o r s a n d s c h o o l t e a c h e r s a r e in th em . n e e d o f s u c h s k ills b e c a u s e t h e y h a v e t o p r o c e s s th e r e s u lts o f th e la b o r a to r y te s ts or g m u (U I 4 . M r H a m p t o n t u r n e d h is a t t e n t io n b a c k t o th e fr e e w a y b e c a u s e it w a s a c o m m o n X XI o r m a k e th e p o w e r p o in t p r e s e n ta tio n s u s- Б in g th e c o m p u te r a n d th e in te r a c tic e b o a r d . 6 . 6 . C o m p u te rs e n c e o n th e s e t e c h n o lo g ie s ? g iv e us bo ok . '■eО C L a b ilit ie s to com ­ m u n ic a t e w it h t h e d is t a n t r e la t iv e s a n d frie n d s . 7b. s itu a t io n a c r o s s th e c o u n t r y . S c ie n t is t s . 2. 1. T h e c o m p u t e r w ill u s e an a lg o ­ 1 . H a s a n y o n e n o tice d an o v e r -d e p e n d - A s a n i n t r o v e r t , I lik e b e i n g a b le t o h id e b e h in d m y L C D d is p la y a n d t y p e a w a y on r it h m w h ic h w a s w o r k e d o u t b y a te a m o f m y k e y b o a r d , t a lk in g w it h m y fin g e r s . о m a t h e m a t ic ia n s . A n in n e r -d ir e c te d p e r s o n . < b o o k s th a t w e re u se d b y te a ch e rs w e re th e In th e p a s t a b la c k b o a r d , c h a lk and w 2. .4 < C O 3 .1 r e a liz e d t h a t s o m e t im e s , u s in g a m e s ­ s e n g e r , I m a y s p e n d m u ch m o r e tim e a c t u ­ h a s its a d v a n ta g e s . w < ju s t s a y in g w h a t I m ea n . search ed X a lly t r y in g t o fix w h a t w e s a y r a th e r th a n 3. Students get better results because the computer software, for example, Power­ Point show images, or video clips is used by teachers when they are explaining the material. 4. I n f o r m a t i o n i n t h e I n t e r n e t t h a t w a s w o n ly m e t h o d s o f t e a c h in g a n d le a r n in g . u by th e stu d e n ts can d e v e lo p C a rr ie r . 4 . It a ls o h a s s o lu t io n s t o a ll t h e s e d ile m ­ m as. P r o b le m s . 5 . I a ls o a c k n o w le d g e th a t a m e s s e n g e r t h e ir id e a s e a s ily . T o a cce p t. 5 . T h e d e m a n d s o f t e a c h in g a n d le a r n in g 6 . E v e n t h e I n t e r n e t b lo g s c a n ’ t h e lp th e w h ic h a r e o f t e n m e t u p d a te s t h e in fo r m a ­ s itu a t io n . t io n in th e In te rn e t. A tex t — m essage. 6 . A l l d iff ic u lt ie s a b o u t t im e a n d d is t a n c e 8 . w h ic h in g p rev en ted p e o p le fro m s tu d y in g h a v e b e e n s o lv e d . 8 . “ F o r k id s i t b e c a m e a n id e n t it y -s h a p ­ and p s y c h e -c h a n g in g o b je c t ,” Ms T u r k le s a id . “ N o o n e c r e a t e s a n e w t e c h ­ T h e I n te r n e t h a s c h a n g e d c o m m u n ic a ­ n o lo g y r e a lly u n d e r s t a n d in g h o w i t w ill t io n as w e k n o w it . F r o m -e d u c a t io n t o a d ­ v e r t is in g th is n e w t e c h n o lo g ic a l a d v a n c e CJ N О Э CJ V b e u sed o r h o w it ca n ch a n g e a s o c ie t y .” M o b ile h as a ffe c te d m a il a n d th e lik e e n c o u r a g e y o u n g e r u s ­ our liv e s . p r a c t ic a lly e v e r y a s p e c t o f M a g a z in e s , n ew spapers p h on es, in s t a n t m e s s a g in g , e- and e rs to c r e a te th e ir o w n in v e n tiv e , q u ir k y e v e n b o o k s a re “ o n -lin e ” a n d c a n b e re a d a n d v e r y p r iv a te w r itt e n la n g u a g e . “ T h a t
    • L e s s o n s 9 - 1 0 . S c i e n c e F ic tio n S t o r ie s th is t e x t a b o u t? B r it is h . 2. H ow m any c o u n tr ie s 1. Science fiction stories combine im­ aginary characters, setting and plot in a story based on believable scientific or his­ toric information. does V o d a fo n e c u r r e n t ly h a v e o p e r a t io n s in ? 31 c o u n t r ie s . 3. H ow m any c o u n t r ie s does V o d a fo n e c u r r e n t ly h a v e p a r t n e r n e tw o r k s in ? 4 0 c o u n t r ie s . 4 . W h e r e d o e s th e n a m e V o d a fo n e c o m e fro m ? F ro m v o ic e d a ta fo n e , c h o s e n b y th e c o m ­ p a n y to “ r e fle c t th e p r o v is io n o f v o ic e a n d d a ta s e r v ic e s o v e r m o b ile p h o n e s ” . 5. H ow m a n y c u s t o m e r s d o e s V o d a fo n e have? 303 m illio n cu stom ers in 31 m a rk ets a c r o s s 5 c o n t in e n t s . 6 . D o e s V o d a fo n e c u r r e n t ly h a v e o p e r a ­ t i o n s i n 3 1 c o u n t r i e s i n c l u d i n g ...? E n g la n d . 2 .1 . .4 bo ok .o 3. L e s s o n 1 3 . T e s t Y o u r S k i l ls 1 b . 1 . W h a t m o b ile n e t w o r k o p e r a t o r is rg gives us the opportunity to essentially hide in plain sight. We will have con­ nected more than ever, but also far more independent,” Ms Turkle’s daughter ex­ plained. Ms Turkle had recalled a vacation with her daughter in Paris, where she hoped to immerse her in the local culture and cuisine. “ Part of the idea of Paris is be­ ing in Paris,” Ms Turkle said. But dur­ ing an afternoon stroll, her daughter had received several calls and text messages on her mobile phone from friends back in Boston and her daughter answered to every one. When Ms Turkle asked why she couldn’t turn off her mobile phone and enjoy the city, her daughter replied, “ I feel more comfortable talking with my friends. They just want to know where 1 am,” the girl said. “ It is a new sensibility.” Y e s t e r d a y I d i d n o t o p e n t h e e -m a il w it h o u t a s u b je c t b e c a u s e o ffe a r o f v ir u s e s . 2. I a lw a y s rem em b er th e r u le : “ S ta rt w it h a c le a r in d ic a t io n a t w h a t th e m e s ­ 2 . S c ie n c e fic t io n s t o r ie s m a y b e s e t in th e s a g e is a b o u t in t h e fir s t p a r a g r a p h ” w h e n d is ta n t p a s t, th e p re s e n t, o r th e fu tu r e . I w r it e a n e -m a il. 3 . T h e e v e n ts in t h e s c ie n c e fic t io n s t o r ie s 3 . A s T o m ’s c o m p u t e r i s n ’ t w o r k i n g p r o p e r ­ a r e t h e g e o g r a p h y , p la n t a n d a n im a l life , ly , h e n e e d s t o c h e c k w h a t ’ s w r o n g w it h i t . a n d c u lt u r e s o f th e e n t ir e w o rld s . 4 . I h a v e b e e n w o r k in g at m y B io lo g y r e ­ 4 . T h e m a in c h a r a c t e r s a r e r o b o t s and w rite r s a n t ic ip a te d of w The s c ie n c e s u b m a r in e , fic t io n t e le v is io n . o fte n a q u a lu n g s , w 5. p o r t t o p r e s e n t it a t th e le s s o n to m o rr o w . 5 . W e h a v e n o t r e p la c e d a n y p a r ts o f o u r u n k n o w n a n im a ls o r h u m a n b e in g s . and w 6. Some science fiction writers have tried to show what might have happen if a natural disaster of cosmic proportions occurred, such as a comet crashing into the Earth, the return of the ice age, or the sun exploding. c om p u ter yet. 6 . 1 a m s u r e t h is la p t o p is g o o d e n o u g h f o r y o u t o w o r k w it h . 3 . C o m p u te r H is to r y M u se u m T h e C o m p u te r H is t o r y M u s e u m w a s e s ­ t a b lis h e d in 1996 C a lifo r n ia , th e in M o u n ta in V ie w , U S A . T h e M u seu m w as o r ig in a lly c a lle d T h e C o m p u te r M u s e u m H is t o r y C e n tr e . T o d a y t h e M u s e u m is th e L e s s o n 1 1 . I n c r e d ib le p e o p l e : h o m e to th e la r g e s t a n d m o s t s ig n ific a n t S t e p h e n H a w k in g c o lle c tio n o f c o m p u tin g a r t ifa c t s in th e 1. Bill Gates — American business magnate, philanthropist, and chairman of Microsoft. w o r ld . It h a s p r e s e r v e d a n d p r e s e n ts th e 2 . A lb e r t E in s t e in — a t h e o r e t ic a l p h y s i­ p a c t o n o u r liv e s . c is t , c r e a t o r o f th e s p e c ia l a n d g e n e r a l T h e M useum t h e o r ie s o f r e la tiv it y . d e v o t e d t o th e h is t o r y o f c o m p u t in g a n d 3 . S o fia K o v a le v s k a — a m a th e m a tic ia n . o t h e r r e la t e d in v e n t i o n s . O n e o f t h e m is 2. s to r ie s a n d a r t ifa c t s o f th e in fo r m a tio n a g e , th e c o m p u t in g r e v o lu t io n a n d its im ­ h as th ree u n iq u e e x h ib it s 4 . S te p h e n H a w k in g — a B r it is h t h e o r e t i­ t h e D if f e r e n c e E n g in e N o . 2 , w h ic h w a s c a l p h y s ic is t . d e s i g n e d b y C h a r le s B a b b a g e in t h e 1 8 4 0 s
    • a n d c o n s t r u c t e d b y th e S c ie n c e M u s e u m in in fle x ib le L o n d o n . It w a s e x h ib it e d f r o m 10 M a y 2 0 0 8 abu se b u rea u cra cy, th r o u g h A p r il 2 0 0 9 . T h e m u se u m ’s 1 5 0 0 0 - and m ore com m on . have becom e and b oth su b sta n ce m ore ex trem e s q u a r e - f o o t ( 1 4 0 0 m ^) e x h i b i t “ T i m e l i n e o f 3 . N u m e ro u s te c h n o lo g ic a l a d v a n c e s su ch C o m p u tin g 2000 a s k e e p in g h e a d s a liv e in ja r s , s e lf-a w a r e y e a r s o f c o m p u t in g h is t o r y . It w ill o p e n in r o b o t s , h o v e r c a r s a n d a n e tw o r k o f la r g e , la t e 2 0 0 9 . T h e g r o u p o f v o lu n t e e r s u s u a l ­ c le a r ly r u n s v a r io u s a c t iv it ie s a t th e m u s e u m : h a v e b e e n m a d e b e tw e e n th e p re se n t d a y r e g u la r t o u r s o f th e “ V is ib le S t o r a g e ” , le c ­ a n d th e 31st cen tu ry . H is t o r y ” has covered p n e u m a tic t r a n s p o r t a t io n tu b es t u r e s e r ie s , r e s t o r a tio n o f s e le c t e d c o m ­ 4 . W h ic h o f th e te c h n o lo g ic a l a d v a n ce s p u te rs , a r c h iv e w o rk , a n d s p e c ia l e v e n ts. h a s b e e n f o r g o t t e n in th e 3 1 s t c e n t u r y ? 4b. 1 . F u t u r a m a is t h e s e r i e s t h a t f o l l o w s A r o u n d w h e e l. th e a d v e n tu re s of a la te 2 0 th -ce n tu ry N e w Y o r k C ity s c h o o lb o y , P h ilip J . F ry , 5 . T h e e n v ir o n m e n t h a s n o t r e m a in e d th e sa m e b e ca u s e o f th e g r e e n h o u s e g a se s. w h o fin d s e m p lo y m e n t a t P la n e t E x p r e s s , 6. W h ic h an u s e d t o d e s c r ib e th e s itu a t io n in th e c it y in t e r p la n e ta r y d e liv e r y com p a n y in o f th e p h r a s e s b e lo w are not th e 3 1 st cen tu ry . o f N e w Y o r k in th e 3 1 s t c e n t u r y ? 2. P h ilip ’s d e s ir e t o c o m e b a c k t o th e 2 0 th T h e p r o b l e m s in t h e c i t y o f N e w Y o r k in ce n tu ry . rg th e 3 1 s t c e n t u r y s u ch a s g lo b a l w a r m in g , .4 bo ok .o U n it 7 . S c h o o l L ife 6. L esson s 1-2 . T h e Im p o rta n ce o f E d u c a t io n 5. 1 . W h a t is th e fir s t r e a s o n o f im p o r ­ ta n ce o f e d u c a tio n ? To in s t il m eans to g r a d u a lly m ake s o m e b o d y f e e l, t h in k o r b e h a v e in a p a r ­ t ic u la r w a y o v e r a p e r io d o f tim e . 7. T h e t r a in in g o f a h u m a n m in d is n o t c o m ­ 1 . T o p u t o n e ’ s p o t e n t ia l t o m a x im u m use. p le te w it h o u t e d u c a tio n . 2 . T o t r a in t h e h u m a n m in d . 2 . W h a t is t h e s e c o n d r e a s o n f o r th e im ­ 3 . T o m a k e a m a n a r ig h t th in k e r . p o r ta n c e o f e d u c a tio n ? 4 . T o r e c e iv e a n d u n d e r s ta n d th e i n f o r ­ T h r o u g h t h e a t t a in m e n to fe d u c a t io n ,a m a n m a t io n fr o m t h e e x t e r n a l w o r ld . 5 . T o a c q u a in t s m b w it h p a s t h is t o r y . e x t e r n a l w o r ld ; t o a c q u a in t h im s e lf w ith 6 . T o c u ltiv a te sm b in to m a tu r e in d iv id u ­ t h e p a s t h is t o r y a n d r e c e iv e a ll th e n e c e s ­ a ls . w is e n a b le d t o r e c e iv e i n fo r m a t i o n f r o m th e 8 . T h e n e w in fo r m a t io n t e c h n o lo g ie s o f ­ 3 . W h a t d o e s th e e d u c a t io n te a c h p e o p le ? fe r It te a c h e s p e o p le th e r ig h t b e h a v io u r a n d m u c h m o r e c h a lle n g e s . In o r d e r t o o b t a in w w s a r y in fo r m a t io n r e g a r d in g th e p re s e n t. to hum an m any o p p o r t u n it ie s , but g o o d m an n ers. th e m a x im u m b e n e fits a n d t o a n s w e r to 4 . W h a t d o e s e d u c a t io n b u ild in e v e r y i n ­ t h e m a in c h a lle n g e s e d u c a t io n a l s o ft w a r e d iv id u a l? d e s ig n e r s h a v e to a p p r o a c h s e v e r a l t r a in ­ A c o n fid e n c e t o ta k e d e c is io n s , t o fa c e life in g m o d e ls , t o a p p ly d e s ig n m e t h o d o lo ­ a n d a c c e p t s u c c e s s a n d fa ilu r e s . g ie s c e n tr e e d o n th e s tu d e n t, t o a d a p te d 6 . 1 . V i r t u e is a p a r t i c u la r g o o d q u a li t y t o d iff e r e n t le a r n in g s t y le s , t o d iff e r e n t o r h a b it . le a r n in g b a c k g r o u n d s . M a n y s tu d ie s h a v e 2 . A t t a in m e n t m e a n s t o in v e n t s o m e t h in g s h o w n t h a t it is a f r u it f u l id e a (m o r e f le x ­ n e w o r a n e w w a y o f d o in g s o m e t h in g . i b ilit y , g r e a t e r u s a b ilit y ) t o m o d e l e d u c a ­ 3 . T o e x c e l in m e a n s t o b e v e r y g o o d at d o ­ t io n i n g s o m e t h in g . le a r n in g p a r a d ig m s , a v o id in g d a n g e r o u s 4. C o n fu s io n is th e fa ct of m a k in g a and a r t ific ia l a g e n ts u s in g s im ila r e q u iv a le n c e . A ls o u s in g in t e r a c t io n d e s ig n m is t a k e a b o u t w h o s o m e b o d y is o r w h a t is im p o r t a n t, w h e n s o m e t h in g is . b u t le a r n in g is t h e t a r g e t , f o r it a llo w s 5 . T o d e v i s e m e a n s t o d e v e lo p a n a t t it u d e , k e e p in g a liv e th e c u r io s it y o f t h e s t u d e n t s a w a y o f t a lk in g o r b e h a v in g . and to n o t o n ly k n o w le d g e m o t iv a te th e m in th e ir s tu d ie s .
    • L e s s o n s 3 - 4 . W h a t K in d o f A u s t r a lia n v e r s io n o f t h e fa m o u s B r it is h a L ea rn er A re Y ou ? 5 .1 . r a d io sh ow . A g r o u p o f p e o p le o r t h i n g s , e s p e c ia lly o n e th a t is la r g e o r im p r e s s iv e . A n a r r a y . 5 . S h e w a s flu e n t in E n g lis h , F r e n c h a n d G erm an . 2. N o t v e r y g o o d . M e d io cr e . 6 . S h e s h o u ld b e c o n fid e n t th a t h e w a s 3. R e la t in g t o e d u c a t io n , e s p e c ia lly a t c o l- m a k in g t h in g s e a s ie r f o r h er. le g e o r u n iv e r s it y le v e l.T o b e b u m p s o n a lo g . 7 . D e a r S ir / M a d a m , 4 . A p r o m is e t o d o s o m e t h in g o r t o b e h a v e I am w r itin g to a sk fo r fu r th e r in fo r m a ­ in a p a r t ic u la r w a y . C o m m itm e n t. t io n a b o u t th e E n g lis h c o u r s e s y o u o f fe r 5 . T h e p la c e w h e r e s o m e t h in g is o r w h e r e a t y o u r s c h o o l. A c c o r d in g t o y o u r w e b ­ s o m e t h in g h a p p e n s , a n d th e g e n e r a l e n ­ s ite , y o u h a v e s ix d iff e r e n t c la s s e s , b u t it v ir o n m e n t . A n a c a d e m ic s e t t in g . d o e s n ’ t s a y e x a c t l y w h a t le v e l e a c h c la s s 6 . A p ie c e o f w o r k th a t is g iv e n t o s o m e ­ is , a n d I w a n te d t o k n o w i f y o u ta k e a b ­ o n e as p a r t o f th e ir jo b . A n a s s ig n m e n t. s o lu te b e g in n e r s . I a m w o r r ie d th a t I m a y 6 . 1 . I ’ v e w o r k e d w it h c h ild r e n in v a r io u s b e a t a t o o lo w le v e l f o r y o u r c la s s e s . I a ls o a c a d e m ic s e t t in g s , m a in ly in secon dary s c h o o ls . I th ou g h t th e b o o k w as p re tty to be b u m p s o n a lo g . 3. s t a r t a t £ 5 0 0 f o r a 2 -w e e k c o u r s e , b u t it d o e s n ’ t m e n t io n w h a t t h e m a x im u m p r ic e T h e re w a s a b e w ild e r in g a rra y o f o p ­ is o r i f y o u r u n in t e n s iv e c o u r s e s . I w o u ld rg 2. w a n t e d t o fin d o u t t h e a c t u a l p r ic e s f o r e a c h c o u r s e . T h e w e b s it e s a y s t h a t fe e s t io n s t o c h o o s e fr o m . b e g r a t e fu l i f y o u c o u ld c la r if y th is . 4 . S h e ’s g o n e t o I t a ly o n a s p e c ia l a s s ig n ­ I th a n k y o u in a d v a n c e f o r y o u r a s s is t ­ a n ce a n d I lo o k fo r w a r d to h e a r in g fr o m .4 bo ok .o m en t. 5 . I w a s im p r e s s e d b y th e e n e r g y a n d th e you soon. Y o u r s f a it h f u l l y , A s h le y C o le c o m m itm e n t sh o w n b y th e stu d e n ts. 6. H e possessed L e s s o n s 1 1 - 1 2 . T e s t Y o u r S Icills n o m e d io c r e q u a lific a ­ 1 b . 1. W h a t d oes th e fu tu r e o f o u r co u n ­ t io n s . 7 . 1 . 1 w o n ’ t lik e t o g o t o a f o r e ig n c o u n t r y try depen d on ? i f I d o n ’ t sp e a k th e la n g u a g e p e r fe c tly . 2. W h a t ta sk d o es th e g en era l sch o ol h ave? 2. P le a s e v is it m e s o o n ! I f y o u c o m e a n d sta y w it h m e, I w ill show a ll th e w I f I c a n d r iv e , I w ill ta k e y o u a ll r o u n d w ill r e a lly e n jo y m e e t in g my w Y ou W hen do th e p u p ils c o n t in u e th e ir s tu d ie s in h ig h s c h o o l? 5 . W h o c a n e n te r th e u n iv e r s it y ? t h e a r e a , b u t I ’ m a f r a i d I c a n ’ t! 4. 3 . W h a t ta sk d o e s th e v o c a tio n a l s e c o n d ­ a ry sch ool have? 4. s ig h ts . 3. you 6 . W h a t ty p e s o f in s titu tio n s o f h ig h e r e d u c a tio n d o e s th e c o u n t r y h a v e ? tea sed . 2 . w f r ie n d s a s lo n g a s y o u d o n ’ t m in d b e in g E x tr a c u r r ic u la r A c t iv it ie s 5 . H a v e y o u b o o k e d a flig h t ? Y o u w o n ’t M o s t o f th e p u p ils a n d te a c h e r s s t a y at g e t o n e u n le s s y o u b o o k s o o n . sch ool 6 . I t ’s a p r o m is e ! I w ill m e e t y o u a t th e S o m e o f t h e p u p ils c o m e in t o t o a s k t e a c h ­ a ir p o r t — p r o v id e d y o u r flig h t a r r iv e s at e r s a b o u t th e ir a s s ig n m e n ts , to g e t e x tra a r e a s o n a b le tim e . h e lp w it h t h e ir le s s o n s , o r e v e n ju s t t o ta lk . 7. I f I w e r e y o u , I w o u ld b r i n g a n u m b r e lla T h e d a y is o n ly h a l f o v e r f o r a th le te s w h o in c a s e it r a in s . fo r e x t r a c u r r ic u la r a c t iv it ie s . s t a y f o r a c t iv it ie s o r f o r d r a m a p u p ils w h o L e s s o n s 5 - 6 . W e L e a r n E n g lis h s t a y f o r s c h o o l p la y s a n d m u s ic a ls . T h e re 6 . 1 . M a n y c h ild r e n w it h le a r n in g d if f i c u l ­ a r e a ls o e x t r a c u r r ic u la r a c t iv it ie s , s u ch t ie s a r e i n t e g r a t e d in o r d i n a r y s c h o o ls . a s D e b a t e C lu b , M a t h C lu b , S c ie n c e C lu b , 2. T h is is a n im m e n s e ly f r u s t r a t in g e x p e ­ L it e r a t u r e C lu b , A r t s a n d C r a fts C lu b , r ie n c e f o r th e s tu d e n ts . e t c . F o r e x a m p le , a t D e b a t e C lu b p u p ils 3. T h e p a r tic ip a tio n in th e e x c h a n g e p r o ­ t a lk a b o u t h o w im p o r t a n t it is t o u n d e r ­ g ra m m e ca n m ak e y o u a g ra te fu l u ser o f s ta n d p e o p le o f d iff e r e n t p r o fe s s io n s a n d a fo r e ig n la n g u a g e . s o c ia l g r o u p s . P u p ils h a v e th e o p p o r t u n i­ 4 . 1 th in k th a t t h is r a d io p r o g r a m m e is an t y t o g iv e t h e ir o p in io n a n d m a k e a c o n c lu ­
    • s io n . S o , t h e r e a r e m a n y t h i n g s t h e p u p ils v a lu a b le th a n a p o c k e t fille d w it h m o n e y . d o a t s c h o o l b e s id e s c o m p u ls o r y c la s s e s . The 3. s to p lig h t, in to th e s h a d y s tr e e ts o f m y I a m a t e a c h e r . B u t t h e r e a r e d a y s , lik e tr a ffic c le a r s and to d a y , w h en I w on d er w h y it w as a to u g h n e ig h b o u r h o o d . d a y . T h e r e s u lts o f a n E n g lis h q u iz ta k e n I t ’s t im e t o c a ll m y fr ie n d a n d t e ll h e r I by c a n ’ t m e e t h e r t o n ig h t . I h a v e p r o m is e s t o my fift h -g r a d e r s w ere not s a tis fa c ­ I ’m I m ov e p a st th e g la d to be hom e. t o r y . D e s p it e m y b e s t e f f o r t s , th e w o r ld k e e p . S h e w ill u n d e r s t a n d . A f t e r a ll, s h e o f p r o n o u n s r e m a in s a m y s t e r y t o th e m . is a te a ch e r. W h a t a fru s tr a tio n ! 4. T h e w o r ld o f m y p r o f e s s io n , a w o r ld fille d a ry s c h o o l? w it h c h ild r e n , h a s r e q u ir e d s o m u c h t im e . K a t h y (K ); W h e n I w a s e le v e n I w e n t t o a A ft e r s c h o o l to d a y , w e a re h a v in g a fa c ­ s e c o n d a r y s c h o o l. u lt y m e e t in g . E v e n ts w ill h a v e p la n n e d , Y : W e r e th e r u le s at y o u r s c h o o l s t r ic t ? p r o b le m s W h a t k in d o f r u le s w e re th e y ? s o lv e d , new id e a s d is cu s s e d . Y o u (Y ): W h e n d id y o u g o t o a s e c o n d ­ S o m a n y d e t a ils t o r e m e m b e r! J u s t w h en K : A s you I th o u g h t b e r m y s c h o o l y e a rs n ot b e c a u s e o f th e my day w as over, a stu d en t know I d o n ’ t lik e t o r e m e m ­ p e e k e d h e r h ea d in to th e c la s s r o o m t o r e ­ s u b je c ts , b u t b e c a u s e o f th e r u le s . S o m e m in d m e I h a d p r o m is e d t o h e lp h e r w it h o f th em a d iffic u lt a s s ig n m e n t. T h e b u ild in g w a s by e m p ty w h e n I r e t u r n e d h e r t o h e r w a it in g on e h ad to d o sp orts on W e d n e sd a y a f­ w e r e s t r ic t a n d w e r e n o t lik e d th e p u p ils . rg a ll F or e x a m p le , every­ te r n o o n s . W e h a d t o b e p u n c tu a l in th e m o r n in g s . b e r I h a v e a s t a c k o f p a p e r s t o g r a d e , w h ic h you I p r o m is e d m y f if t h - g r a d e r s I w o u ld r e t u r n fo o d tom orrow . .4 bo ok .o m o t h e r a n d w a lk e d t o m y c a r . N o w , h o u r s la te r as I d r iv e h o m e , I r e m e m ­ But to n ig h t a frie n d , w hom I h a d n ’t s e e n f o r a y e a r, fr o m B e lg iu m , a n d I had If to you sta y w ere in at la te at s c h o o l, lu n c h t im e . The w a s t e r r ib le , b u t w e h a d t o e a t it a ll. I f y o u d id n ’ t, y o u h a d t o t ie it b a c k . Y : W e r e th e r e a n y s illy s c h o o l r u le s ? h a d t o ld h e r I w o u ld k e e p t h is e v e n in g fr e e . K : S u r e . S o m e o f th e m w e r e v e r y s illy : w e A s I s it in m y c a r in c h in g t h r o u g h th e h a d to w e a r h a ts in th e s u m m e r ; a n d th e fu m e s o f e v e n in g r u s h h o u r, I a m r e fle c t­ g ir ls w e r e n o t a llo w e d t o w e a r t r o u s e r s — in g o n th e s tr e n g th o f m y stu d e n ts . T h e y n e ith e r w e re th e w o m e n te a c h e r s ; I u s e d t o h a te th e u n ifo r m — it w a s d a r k b r o w n . w e l l - w i s h i n g . T h e y a r e ... T h e y a r e ... S u d ­ W e c o u ld n ’t ta lk a n d r u n in th e c o r r id o r s . w a r e k in d a n d o p e n . T h e y a r e c u r io u s a n d Y : W h a t w a s n ’ t s illy a t y o u r s c h o o l? h e a t, th e t r a ffic a n d th e p ile o f u n g r a d e d K ; O n e r u le I s u p p o s e w a s n o t s illy : it w a s w d e n ly I fin d m y s e lf s m ilin g in s p ite o f th e “ n o s m o k in g ” . le a r n t to d a y , b u t s o m e t h in g b ig g e r a n d Y : W h y d o y o u p r e fe r c o lle g e t o s c h o o l? w t e s t s . T h e r u le s o f g r a m m a r m ig h t h a v e My K : A t c o lle g e s tu d e n ts c a n s m o k e i f th e y c h ild r e n le a r n th e ir life s k ills e v e r y d ay. w a n t t o a n d w e a r e a llo w e d t o w e a r w h a t T h e y le a r n t o b e p e o p le . w e w a n t . It d o e s n o t m a t t e r i f w e ’ r e a b it I k n o w w h y I a m s t ill te a c h in g . I t ’s th e c h il­ la te in t h e m o r n in g . In f a c t , w e c a n d o d r e n . T h e y a re m o re im p o r ta n t th a n a l if e ­ a l m o s t a n y t h i n g . T h a t ’s w h y I a m s o d e ­ t im e fille d w it h q u ie t e v e n in g s a n d m o r e lig h t e d t o s t u d y th e r e . b etter happened in my c la s s r o o m . U n it 8 . P r o f e s s i o n s a n d C a r e e r O p p o r t u n i t i e s L e s s o n s 1 - 2 . W h a t Y o u O ffe r t h e W o r ld 7 . T o a tte n d — a tte n d in g — a tte n d e d con stru ct — c o n s tr u c tin g m e m o riz e — m e m o riz in g — m em o­ r iz e d T o c a ll — c a llin g — c a lle d To T o le a r n — le a r n in g — le a r n e d To — con ­ T o c r e a te — c r e a tin g — cre a te d s tru cte d 8a. A : L o o k ! I c r e a t e d T o r e c o g n iz e — r e c o g n iz in g — r e c o g n iz e d B : C o o l! H o w d id y o u m a n a g e t o d o th a t? T o d e v e lo p — d e v e lo p in g — d e v e lo p e d A : I h a v e a tte n d e d th e IT C o u rs e s fo r fo u r T o o r g a n iz e — o r g a n iz in g — o r g a n iz e d y e a r s . I le a r n e d th e b a s ic s o f h o w t o d o it. m y o w n w e b s it e !
    • В : A r e y o u g o in g to b e c o m e a W e b d e s ig n ­ 6 . T h e d iv e r s h o p e d t o o p e n th e s e c r e ts o f e r in fu tu r e ? th e seabed . A : S u r e . I t ’s m y d r e a m . A lt h o u g h I s t ill 1 1 . A la n a B e r r y a n d A le x a n d e r L a b a y e n , h a v e m u ch m o r e t o le a r n . T o b e a s u c c e s s fu l b o th fo r m e r stu d e n ts o f T o r o n to ’s In tern a ­ p r o fe s s io n a llh a v e t o d e v e lo p a lo t o f s k ills . t io n a l A c a d e m y o f D e s ig n , t o o k s o m e w h a t d if - B : R e a lly ? Is th e k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r fe r e n t a p p ro a ch e s to w o rld o f fa s h io n d e s ig n . s o ftw a r e n ot e n o u g h ? B e fo r e s tu d y in g fa s h io n , A la n a h a d p e rcom p u ter s u e d a c a r e e r in b u s in e s s a n d fe e ls it w a s la n g u a g e s a n d p r o g r a m m in g is n o t e v e ­ th e b e s t th in g sh e c o u ld h a v e d o n e . “ W h e n r y t h in g . B e s id e t e c h n ic a l s k ills y o u h a v e I lo o k a t th e b ig p ic t u r e n o w , I r e a liz e i t ’s t o k n o w th e b a s ic d e s ig n p r in c ip le s a n d n o t j u s t a b o u t b e i n g c r e a t iv e : f a s h i o n is e le m e n ts . Y o u have a good a ls o a b u s in e s s . I f I d o n ’t h a v e a s t r o n g s e n s e o f d e s ig n a n d c o lo u r . u n d e r s t a n d in g o f b u s in e s s , it w o u ld a ll B : Y o u c a n a c c o m p lis h a lo t th a t w a y . I am b e ju s t a h o b b y .” O n c e s h e r e a liz e d t h a t su re you r d ream f a s h io n h a d c a lle d o u t t o h e r, sh e e n r o lle d A: O f cou rse, n ot. K n o w in g a ls o s h o u ld w ill c o m e tr u e . A s m y e v e r y th in g y o u ca n a t t h e T o r o n t o I n t e r n a t io n a l A c a d e m y o f a b o u t w h a t y o u a r e d o in g .” T h e m o re y o u D e s ig n . W h e n sh e w a s a sk e d a b o u t h er k n o w a b o u t y o u r s u b je c t o f s tu d ie s , th e e x p e r ie n c e m o re s u c c e s s fu l y o u w ill b e . t h a t s o m e p e o p le a r e v e r y s u c c e s s fu l w it h L e s s o n s 3 - 4 . C a re e r P r e p a r a tio n A la n a says, “ I know lit t le fo r m a l t r a in in g , b u t I w o u ld n e v e r W h a t d o you need to have a su ccess­ p a s s u p w h a t I le a r n e d a t t h e A c a d e m y .” W h e n A la n a le ft s c h o o l s h e a lm o s t im m e d i­ fu l fu tu r e ? ok .o 4 .1 . th ere, rg fa th e r sa ys, “ K n ow C . T o s ta r t y o u r c a r e e r p r e p a r a tio n w h en a t e l y f o r m e d , ‘A l a n a B e r r y , ’ h e r o w n f a s h ­ y o u a re a t s c h o o l. io n c o m p a n y a n d la b e l. S h e h a d te a m e d u p 2. W h a t d o y o u n e e d to d is c o v e r a n d u n ­ w it h o n e o fh e r fo r m e r A c a d e m y c la s s m a t e s , D ia n a C a lm a , a n d d e s i g n e d e le g a n t f o r m a l - lo c k in y o u r s e lf? 3 . W h a t d o e s p a s s io n m e a n ? B . E x tr e m e , c o m p e llin g e m o t io n ; e x c i t e ­ m e n t o r e n th u s ia s m . w e a r f o r h e r c lie n t s . A la n a b e lie v e s o w n in g bo D . Y o u r ta le n ts a n d y o u r r e a l p a s s io n . y o u r o w n c o m p a n y c a n b e v e r y r e w a r d in g i f y o u p r e p a r e f o r “ lo n g h o u r s a n d h a r d w o r k !” L e s s o n s 5 - 6 . F rom H o b b ie s t o C a reer 7. 1 . H a v i n g A . T o c h o o s e o r d is c o v e r a p a s s io n a n d y o u r s p a r e t im e is o n e t h in g , b u t b e in g a b le w .4 4 . W h a t is t h e k e y t o s u c c e s s ? a h o b b y t o k e e p y o u b u s y In t o ta k e t h e a c t iv it y y o u lo v e a n d t u r n i t l n t o 5. W h e r e c a n y o u p r a c t is e y o u r s k ills ? y o u r fu ll-t im e , m o n e y -m a k in g jo b is so m e - C . A t s c h o o l, a t h o m e o r th r o u g h s p e c ia l t h i n g v e r y d i f f e r e n t — a n d e n t lr e ly p o s s lb le . p r o g r a m m e s in c lu b s o r s e c t io n s . 2 . J e n K lu g e r a n d S u z le O r o l t u r n e d t h e ir w w p la n h o w t o p u t it t o w o r k f o r y o u . 6 . H o w c a n y o u m a k e y o u r p a s s io n an im ­ h o b b ie s p o r ta n t p a r t o fy o u r e v e n tu a lw o r k in g life ? c r e a t e d a f fo r d a b le je w e lr y a c c e s s ib le t o B . Y o u h a v e t o d o i t a n d c o n t in u e t o e n jo y it. you n g w om en. 6a. 1 . S u c c e s s f u l — 2. prosp erou s T o u n lo c k — t o o p e n 3 . T o d is c o v e r — to th in k a b o u t; to w o rk o u t in to s u c c e s s fu l b u s in e s s . T hey 3 . T o g e th e r t h e y d e s ig n e d a n d s o ld th e ir c r e a t io n s t o f r ie n d s a n d a c q u a in t a n c e s o n cam pu s. 4 . T o f ig u r e o u t — t o fin d o u t 4 . T h is w a s a h o b b y , a n d t h e y w a n t e d t o 5. A c h a n c e — a n o p p o r tu n ity p r o v e t o t h e m s e lv e s a n d t h e ir p e e r s th a t 6 . A n e n th u s ia s m — p a s s io n th e y c o u ld r u n a b u s in e s s a n d b e s u c c e s s ­ b . 1 ■S c i e n t i s t s a r o u n d t h e w o r l d a r e w o r k ­ f u l d o in g s o m e t h in g th e y lo v e d . in g t o fin d o u t c u r e s f o r s e r io u s illn e s s e s . 5. N e w s s p re a d q u ic k ly a b o u t th e d is t in c t 2. s t y le o f F o x y O r ig in a ls , a n d s o o n th e je w ­ It is a g r e a t o p p o r t u n it y t o s t a r t y o u r o w n b u s in e s s . e lr y c o u ld b e fo u n d in b o u t iq u e s a c r o s s 3 . B ra d P it t is c o n s id e r e d t o b e a p r o s p e r ­ th e co u n try . o u s a ctor. 6 . E v e , K im C a tt r a ll, N e lly F u r t a d o a n d 4 . T o m h a s a re a l p a s s io n f o r p a in tin g . P a r is H ilt o n h a v e a ll b e e n s p o t t e d w e a r ­ 5 .1 i n g F o x y ’s f u n a n d f u n k y c r e a t io n s . c a n ’ t fin d o u t h o w t o fin is h t h is w o r k .
    • 8 c . J o u r n a lis t (J ); W h e n y o u h a v e sp a re t im e , w h a t ’ s y o u r fa v o u r it e w a y t o s p e n d s h ir e based p ig r e a r in g b u s in e s s and sh a re s th e s e cre ts o f h e r s u cce ss. it? W h e n A n n e a n d P e te ’s d a u g h te r a sk e d fo r S u z ie O r o l (S O ): E a t in g S u s h i. I m a y n o t a c o u p le o f r a r e b r e e d p ig le ts f o r h e r 1 4 th b e g o o d a t i t , b u t I lo v e it! b ir t h d a y lit t le d id t h e y im a g in e t h a t in J e n K lu g e r (J K ): H ip -h o p d a n c in g w it h le s s t h a n t w o y e a r s th e w h o le f a m il y w o u ld m y frie n d s . b e ca u g h t u p in a t h r iv in g p ig b u s in e s s . J : H o w d o y o u s t a y in s h a p e ? A t f ir s t E m m a C ia n c h i’s p a r e n t s t h o u g h t S O : I a m a b ig f a n o f a lt e r n a t in g fit n e s s Emma a c t iv it ie s . an B ik r a m I ta k e v a r io u s c la s s e s lik e y o g a a n d S w is s b a ll. I a ls o t r y w as ju s t u n u su al have been t o b e a s m u c h o u t s id e a s p o s s ib le s n o w ­ fo u n d b o a r d in g in th e w in t e r a n d t e n n is in th e p ig s , p et. in th ey h a v in g c o u ld n ’t m ore w ro n g , th e m ore E m m a out th e in te re s te d H ow ever about m ore B r it is h rare d e te r m in e d she breed becam e su m m er. to J K : I lik e t o jo g , r o lle r b la d e a n d w o r k o u t W h e n q u e s tio n e d a b o u t h e r in it ia l m o ti­ p reserve th em by fa r m in g th em ! a t th e g y m . I h a v e a p e r s o n a l t r a in e r w h o v a t io n E m m a r e c a lls w a t c h in g th e B B C 2 k e e p s m e w o r k in g h a rd . d ocu m en ta ry J : W h o is y o u r fa v o u r ite d e s ig n e r ? w h e re n o v ic e J im m y D o h e r ty le ft h is jo b S O & J K : F o x y O rig in a ls o f c o u r s e . to b e c o m e a p ig fa rm e r. “ I th o u g h t, i f h e s e r ie s ‘J i m m y ’ s F a rm ’ ca n d o it w h y c a n ’t I ? ” t h a n y o u r o w n , w h a t w o u ld i t b e ? A lr e a d y ‘ E m m a ’s P ig s ’ h a s g a in e d an e n ­ rg J : I f y o u c o u ld a tte m p t a n y c a r e e r o th e r v ia b le r e p u ta tio n . It n o w a n d s a u s a g e s n o t o n ly t o th e d is c e r n in g fo r e I h a d th e ch a n ce to e x p lo r e it f u r ­ B r it is h d in e r , b u t t a k in g p a r t in a ll th e th er. d a y -t o -d a y p ig r e a r in g a c t iv it ie s ! E m m a .4 bo ok .o S O : I th o u g h t a b o u t b e in g a jo u r n a lis t, b u t m y b r o t h e r s t o le th a t p r o fe s s io n b e ­ J K ; I a m fa s c in a te d b y th e C o ra l R e e f a n d s u p p lie s p o r k a n d h e r s ib lin g s C la ir e (1 7 ) a n d B e n (1 3 ) s a d d e n e d b y t h e r a te a t w h ic h it is b e in g h a v e b e e n in v it e d t o ta lk a b o u t p ig s a t th e d e s t r o y e d . I t h in k it w o u ld b e a m a z in g p r e s t i g i o u s C h i l d r e n ’s F e s t i v a l o f F o o d a t t o b e a m a r in e r e s e a r c h e r . I c o u ld s p e n d B le n h e im P a la c e a n d E m m a h a s a c q u ir e d t im e in t h e o c e a n w it h a ll t h e b e a u t ifu l an c r e a t u r e s , w h ile a t th e s a m e t im e I c o u ld p e a r in g o n c o u n t le s s t e le v is io n a n d r a d io b e w o r k in g to w a r d s p r o t e c tin g th e R e e f. program m es. sta tu s h e r s e lf, ap­ T h e b u s in e s s h a s a ls o b r a n c h e d o u t in to o t h e r p ig -r e la te d t o th e fu lle s t w it h n o r e g r e t s . a r k s t o a w id e r a n g e o f p e o p le , f r o m f a r m ­ J K : A s s o m e o n e w h o ’s l i f e s t o r y i s b i o g ­ e r s t o film s t a r s ! I t h a s a ls o la u n c h e d its r a p h y -w o rth y . I f it d o e s n ’t t u r n o u t th a t p ig k e e p in g c o u r s e s . T h e id e a is t o p r o ­ w a y ,. I w i l l b e h a p p y b e i n g r e m e m b e r e d a s v id e a f u n d a y , le a r n in g a b o u t p ig s a n d w S O : A s s o m e o n e w h o liv e d e a c h m o m e n t w w J : H o w w o u ld y o u lik e t o b e r e m e m b e r e d ? a lm o s t c e le b r it y a c t iv it ie s . It s e lls p i g a g o o d fr ie n d t o a ll w h o k n e w m e. a ls o h a s o r d e r s fr o m J ; W h o d o y o u m o s t a d m ir e ? in th e U S A , fr o m fe e d in g t h e p ig s t o t ic k ­ SO: I am c u r r e n tly S e creta ry : A re a d in g , ‘M a d a m a cro s s th e A tla n tic l in g t h e ir t u m m ie s ! It is t h e u lt im a t e g i f t M e m o ir ’, b y M a d e le in e A l ­ f o r a n y o n e p a s s io n a te a b o u t p ig s , w h e th e r b r ig h t . W h a t a l if e t h is la d y h a s liv e d s o y o u in te n d t o g o o n a n d g e t p ig s o r n o t. fa r ! S h e is v e r y in s p ir a tio n a l. F i n a l l y f o r t h o s e p e o p le w h o m ig h t lik e JK : t o o w n a p ig b u t d o n ’t h a v e th e sp a ce or I a d m ir e s o m a n y p e o p le ... I c a n ’ t c h o o s e . T h e o n e t h in g t h e y a ll h a v e in t im e th e r e is a s p e c ia l ‘O w n a P i g S c h e m e ’ c o m m o n is t h e y h a v e a ll g o n e a g a in s t th e w h e re E m m a w ill lo o k a ft e r th e p ig fo r y o u o d d s to p u rs u e th e ir d re a m s . a n d se n d m o n th ly u p d a te s o n its p r o g r e s s L e s s o n s 7 - 8 . E m m a C ia n c h i, 4a. a n d p h o t o g r a p h s o f its a n t ic s ! A t t h e e n d t h e UK Y o u n g e s t F a rm er o f th e p e r io d y o u g e t th e p ig b a ck a s p ork E M M A ’S P IG S : T H E Y O U N G L A D Y a n d /o r s a u s a g e s h a p p y in t h e k n o w le d g e W H O D A R E S T O B E D IF F E R E N T th a t y o u k n ow e x a c tly w h e re y o u r fo o d h as E m m a C ia n c h i ta lk s a b o u t h e r H e r e fo r d ­ com e fro m a n d h o w it h a s b e e n tr e a te d .
    • 5. o u s ly c o n s id e r e d . Y o u d o n ’ t n eed t o ta k e 1. T o ask fo r 2 . T o b e c a u g h t u p in sm th te m p o r a r y jo b s . B e c a r e fu l w h en lis te n ­ 3 . T o b e in t e r e s t e d in in g t o th e b ia s e d o p in io n s o f o t h e r p e o p le 4 . T o fin d o u t to w a rd s th e m o n e ta r y a s p e c t ra th e r th a n 5. T o h a v e o r d e r s fr o m a cro s s th e A t la n ­ w h a t w o u ld b e a g o o d fit f o r y o u . C h o o s in g t ic a s a t is fy in g c a r e e r s h o u ld n o t r e ly o n h o w 6 . T o ta lk a b o u t h ig h a p o s it io n p a y s b u t r a th e r h o w c lo s e 7. T o a p p e a r o n T V it e m b o d ie s y o u r o w n g o a ls a n d in te re s ts . 8 . T o b r a n c h o u t in t o sm th S te p 3. I f y o u a re y o u n g , c a r e e r a d v is e r s 9. T o le a rn a b o u t sm th s u g g e s t te m p in g . Y o u c a n a ls o g e t a d v ic e 1 0 . T o t a k e p a r t in f r o m p a r e n t s , f r ie n d s o r c la s s m a t e s . T h is 11. T o g o on w o u ld a llo w y o u t o t r y o u t s e v e r a l d i f f e r ­ 12. T o lo o k a ft e r e n t p o s it io n s w it h o u t c o m m it t in g y o u r ­ 13. T o sen d u p d a te s o n th e p r o g r e s s s e lf to a p a r t ic u la r co m p a n y . 14. T o g e t sm th b a ck 7 . 1 5 . T o b e h a p p y in k n o w le d g e ess and y ou 16. T o c o m e fr o m d e s e r v e s . P la n n in g a c a r e e r y o u s h o u ld s h o u ld g iv e it th e t im e it le a rn e n o u g h a b o u t y o u r s e lf a n d th e o c ­ L e s s o n s 9 - 1 0 . E v e r y M a n t o H is T a s t e 5. C h o o s in g a c a r e e r is a n in v o l v e d p r o c ­ c u p a tio n s , H ow to C h oose a C a reer w h ic h you are c o n s id e r in g in o r d e r t o m a k e a n in fo r m e d d e c is io n . tio n . Y o u n eed to ta k e in to a c c o u n t y o u r in ­ The m ost im p o r ta n t th in g s you and an op en m in d . can h e lp y o u m ake te re sts, v a lu e s .4 bo ok .o n e e d to m a k e a g o o d c h o ic e a re d ilig e n c e rg C h o o s in g a c a r e e r is a v e r y s e r io u s q u e s ­ T h e fo llo w in g t ip s th e r ig h t d e c is io n . and s k ills w h e n ch oos­ in g a c a r e e r. It m a k es p e r fe c t sen se to ch oose on e o c c u p a tio n w h a t y o u e n jo y S t e p 1. Y o u r c h o s e n c a r e e r s h o u ld b e a d o in g in y o u r s p a r e t im e . J u s t b e c a u s e h a r m o n io u s b le n d o f y o u r s k ills , e d u c a ­ t h e o u t l o o k e n j o y in g is g o o d , i t d o e s n ’ t t io n , p e r s o n a lity a n d in te r e s t s . A s e lf- m e a n th a t it is r ig h t f o r y o u . W h ile s a l­ a s s e s s m e n t is a g r e a t w a y t o id e n t ify a a r y is im p o r t a n t , i t i s n ’ t t h e o n l y f a c ­ s t a r t in g p la c e f o r y o u r s e a r c h . J o in o n e t o r y o u s h o u ld lo o k a t w h e n c h o o s in g a o r tw o t e m p o r a r y s t a ffin g a g e n c ie s th a t career. s p e c ia liz e in y o u r p r i m a r y fie ld s o f i n ­ t h a t m o n e y d o e s n ’ t n e c e s s a r ily le a d t o te re sts. jo b B r a in s to r m several jo b s th a t C o u n t le s s su rveys have sh ow n s a t is fa c t io n . F o r m a n y p e o p le th a t is y e t a v o id y o u r d is lik e s . U se th e lis t y o u m u ch m o re im p o r ta n t. w w o u ld u t iliz e a t le a s t t w o o f y o u r lik e s to w h at th e y d o at w ork is L e s s o n 1 1 . I n c r e d ib le P e o p l e : V a le r iy h a v e c o m e u p w it h t o r e s e a r c h a n d e v a l­ w r e la te d L o b a n o v s k y a n d M y k o la A m o s o v u a te th e s e o p tio n s . Y o u c a n g a th e r jo b 6 . e x p e r ie n c e r e q u ir e m e n ts , c h e c k o u t th e 1. V a le r iy V a s y ly o v y c h L o b a n o v s k y w a s a c a r e e r ’s U k r a in ia n fo o t b a ll m a n a g e r . w d e s c r ip tio n s , e x a m in e th e e d u c a tio n a n d lo n g e v ity o u tlo o k , in t e r v ie w G rou p A o th e r s a lr e a d y in th e p o s it io n a n d v is it 2 . H e is m o s t fa m o u s f o r h is s p e lls m a n ­ th e a g i n g D y n a m o K y iv , t h e U k r a in e n a t io n ­ lib r a r y fo r a d d itio n a l resou rces. F o llo w in g t h is p r o c e s s w ill p u t y o u in a a l fo o t b a ll te a m , a n d th e U S S R n a tio n a l m u c h b e t t e r p o s it io n f o r c h o o s i n g w h ic h fo o tb a ll te a m . d ir e c tio n you w o u ld lik e to pu rsu e in 3 . H e w a s n o t o r io u s f o r b o t h h is h ig h ly y o u r career. s c ie n tific S te p 2 . Y o u c o u ld a ls o ta k e a fo r m a l s k ills p ro a ch e s to m a n a g e m e n t. and h arsh d is c ip lin a r ia n ap­ assessm en t test. S evera l g o o d on es, m ost 4 . L o b a n o v s k y e n d e d h is p la y in g c a r e e r o f w h ic h a r e f r e e , in c lu d e th o s e p r o v id e d a t t h e a g e o f 2 9 h a v i n g s c o r e d 71 g o a ls in b y c a r e e r la b .c o m , k e ir s e y .c o m , t h e P r i n ­ 253 gam es. ceton R e v ie w F it t e r .c o m . C a r e e r Q u iz Y ou s h o u ld and ta k e a C a reer- 5 . B u t th a t w a s th e b e g in n in g o f h is c a ­ m ix r e e r a s a c o a c h a n d a f o o t b a ll s c ie n tis t . of t e s t s as n o o n e is in fa llib le b u t a ll m a y 6 . T h e f a m o u s c o a c h c o m b in e d s c ie n c e a n d p r e s e n t o p p o r t u n it ie s y o u h a d n o t p r e v i­ t e c h n o lo g y to c r e a te th e p e r fe c tfo o tb a llte a m .
    • G rou p В 6. W h o a re th e a r tis ts ? 1. M y k o la M y k h a ilo v y c h A m o s o v w a s a B o th flo r is ts a n d g a r d e n e r s a r e a r t is t s . g r e a t s u r g e o n , a n in v e n to r , e x e r c is e e n ­ 2 . T h e C h o ic e o f th e C a r e e r th u s ia s t, a n o te d c y b e r n e tic is t a n d a b e ­ In m y o p in io n , it is v e r y i m p o r t a n t f o r s t s e llin g a u th or. 2. He w rote a p erson m ore th a n 400 s c ie n tific to m ake th e r ig h t c h o ic e of p r o fe s s io n . A n d it is n o w o n d e r b e c a u s e w o r k s , 19 m o n o g r a p h s a m o n g th e m . th e r e a r e a lo t o f h o n o u r a b le p r o fe s s io n s 3 . H e w a s a p io n e e r in m e d ic in e , b e c a u s e a t y o u r d is p o s a l t o o b ta in , f o r e x a m p le , p e r f o r m in g th e fir s t s u r g e r y o f it s k in d th e p r o fe s s io n o f a te a ch e r, a d o c to r , a t o o k c iv ic r e s p o n s ib ilit y . jo u r n a l is t , a n a g r o n o m is t , a m in e r , e t c . 4 . A n o t h e r t h in g th a t m a d e h im e x t r a o r ­ T h a t ’s w h y c h o o s in g th e r ig h t c a r e e r t o d in a r y w a s th a t h e h a d g o n e th r o u g h th e s u it y o u r p e r s o n a lit y a n d o n e t h a t liv e s s c h o o l o f w ar. 5. A m osov sta n d a rd s. He su rgeon us m oral s a id : and ‘E v ery e th ic a l s u c c e s s fu l. T h ere a re m a n y fa c to r s y o u p h y s ic ia n n e e d to ta k e in to a c c o u n t, in c lu d in g th e m u st c o n s ta n tly b e aw are r e q u ir e m e n ts o f th e o c c u p a tio n . B y th e o f th e v a lu e o f h u m a n life , s o th a t n o o n e w ay, th e m ore y ou k n ow a b o u t y o u r s e lf is t e m p te d t o o p e r a te o n a p a tie n t f o r th e and s a k e o f s u r g e r y . I h a v e a lw a y s b e e n g o v ­ a b le y o u w ill b e t o c h o o s e a s a t i s f y i n g e r n e d b y th is r u le a n d p e r fo r m e d o p e r a ­ career. career o p p o r t u n it ie s , rg and u p to y o u r e x p e c ta tio n s , c a n b e ra th e r le ft th e b etter t io n s o n ly w h e n it w a s lik e h a v in g t o o p ­ F ir s t ly , y o u n e e d t o k n o w w h a t s k ills a r e e r a te o n m y s o n , b r o t h e r , o r m o t h e r .’ n e ce ssa ry b e fo re .4 bo ok .o you a p p ly . I t w o u l d b e 6 . D u r in g h is life t im e A m o s o v w a s p o p u ­ u n w is e , f o r e x a m p le , t o a p p ly f o r a j o b y o u la r w it h t h e p e o p le . T o d a y h e is a t o u c h ­ a re n o t s k illfu l e n o u g h . S e c o n d ly , i f y o u i n g le g e n d o f K y iv . are L e s s o n 1 3 . T e s t Y o u r S k i l ls 1 a . 1. T ru e. a m b itio u s , you s h o u ld th in k a re a n y o p p o r t u n it ie s fo r p r o m o t io n . B u t 2 . F a ls e . o n th e o t h e r h a n d s o m e p e o p le lo o k f o r a 3. T ru e. jo b w it h le s s s a l a r y a n d s h o r t e r w o r k in g 4. T ru e. h o u r s . T h u s , th e r e a re lo ts o f p e o p le w h o 5 . F a ls e . 6. T ru e. r e a lly a b ou t y o u r ca re e r p ro sp e cts a n d i f th ere ta k e t h e ir d e c is io n s a b o u t t h e ir p r o fe s s io n s - a n d t h e ir c a r e e r s v e r y e a s ily . I t is a m a t t e r w b . 1 . W h a t d o flo w e r s a n d p la n ts h e lp u s to d o ? o f fa c t th a t o n ly fe w o f th e m b e c o m e r e a lly s u c c e s s fu l in t h e ir c a r e e r s a n d t h e ir liv e s . w F lo w e r s a n d p la n t s h e lp t o m a k e t h e p la c ­ M o s t o f s u c h p e o p le d o n o t m a k e m u c h s u c ­ c e s s in th e ir p r o fe s s io n s a n d c a r e e r s . 2 . W h y d o flo r is t s u s e p a r t s o f p la n ts ? A n d fin a lly , i f y o u a r e g o i n g t o w o r k in w e s w e liv e in b e a u t ifu l. F lo r is t s u s e p a r t s o f p la n ts t o m a k e m o r e th is s p h e re m o s t o f y o u r life , w h y n ot p la n ts . e n jo y w hat you a re d o in g . S u m m a r iz ­ 3 . W h e n c a n flo r is t s h a v e flo w e r s ? in g , I c a n sa y th a t m a n y p e o p le d e s ir e a iF lo ris ts c a n h a v e flo w e r s a ll y e a r lo n g i f h ig h in c o m e . S o m e h o p e fo r fa m e . O th ­ th e y g r o w p la n ts a t th e b e s t te m p e r a tu r e s e r s w a n t a d v a n ta g e . S t ill o th e r s w a n t to a n d h u m id ity . s e r v e p e o p le a n d m a k e th e w o rld a b e tte r 4 . W h a t d o th e g a r d e n e r s d o w it h l iv i n g p la c e . S o , as y o u see c h o o s in g th e c a r e e r p la n ts ? is a h o t q u e s tio n e s p e c ia lly fo r s c h o o l- G a r d e n e r s a r r a n g e w h o le g r o u p s o f liv ­ le a v e r s . in g p la n ts . 3 . T a k in g a Y e a r O u t 5. W h e re d o th e g a rd e n e rs w ork at an y Im a g in e th e sce n e . Y o u h a v e b e e n s ittin g season ? in d o o r s In a u tu m n th e y tid y th e g a r d e n s : th ey p ic k u p le a v e s a n d p u ll u p o ld s u m m e r w h ile fo r w eeks everyon e r e v is in g e ls e is fo r h a v in g exam s, a great t im e . A t t h is m o m e n t, y o u a r e d r e a m in g flo w e r s . In s p r in g t h e y p la n t lo t s o f p la n ts o f a d iff e r e n t life . Y o u im a g in e y o u r s e lf a n d flo w e r s . on a beach in s o m e r e m o te p a r t o f th e
    • w o rld . A n d b e s u r e t h is d re a m c a n co m e th e tru e! n ext w eek. fro n t cover of a fa m o u s m a g a z in e Y o u c a n t r a v e l a lo t a n d t h is t r a v e llin g J : H o w lo n g h a v e y o u b e e n m o d e llin g ? can A : I h a v e b e e n m o d e llin g f o r fiv e y e a r s . be e d u c a tio n a l. Y ou g r e a t d ea l a b o u t life — w ill le a r n a an d y o u r s e lf — J: H ave you ev er th ou g h t abou t a su cce ss­ w h e n y o u s p e n d t im e a b r o a d . N o w a d a y s fu l c a r e e r o f a m o d e l? m a n y y o u n g p e o p le h a v e a y e a r o f f b e ­ A : I h a v e n e v e r t h o u g h t I w o u ld m a k e a fo r e t h e y w ill s t a r t u n iv e r s it y . D u r in g s u c c e s s fu l c a r e e r in m o d e llin g , b u t n o w t h is y e a r t h e y s p e n d t im e in d i ff e r e n t I e n jo y th e fa m e , r e c o g n it io n , a n d h ig h w a y s. S om e o f th em in c o m e I r e c e iv e . ers do p a r t ic u la r t r a v e l w id e ly , o t h ­ s t ill J : W h a t d o y o u e x p e c t t o d o in te n y e a r s ? o t h e r s le a r n n e w s k ills a n d e x p lo r e t h e ir jo b s as sp orts, A : I ’d l ik e t o s a y t h a t in t e n y e a r s , I d o n ’ t in t e r e s t s . B u t it is im p o r t a n t t o sp e n d e x p e c t to d o th e sa m e jo b b e ca u s e th e c a ­ t h e t im e w is e ly . R e m e m b e r th a t y o u w ill r e e r o f a m o d e l u s u a lly fin is h e s a t th e a g e h ave to com e back o f t h ir t y . S o I d o n ’ t h a v e m u c h t im e u p t o a g a in w hen th e a n d s ta r t s tu d y in g y e a r fin is h e s . N obody w ill b e im p r e s s e d i f y o u s p e n d y o u r t im e th e en d o f m y ca re e r. J : W h a t a re th e a d v a n ta g e s a n d d is a d ­ v a n ta g e s o f y o u r jo b ? a n d w a t c h in g T V ! A : A s a n y o th e r p r o fe s s io n th e p r o fe s s io n Y o u c o u ld g o t o a n y c o u n t r y , f o r e x a m p le , o f a m od el h as som e a d v a n ta g es: m ee t­ U k r a in e a n d te a c h E n g lis h . S o m e p e o p le in g fa m o u s p e o p le a n d g o in g t o p a r t ie s , e n jo y e v e n as o n io n f a r m e r s in U k r a in e ! tr a v e llin g a r o u n d th e w o rld , b e in g o n th e or g ly in g in b e d , lis t e n in g t o h ip -h o p m u s ic T h is m a y s o u n d r o m a n t ic b u t y o u h a v e t o fro n t t h in k a b o u t m o n e y , t o o . In th e e n d , y o u A n d w h a t a b o u t d is a d v a n ta g e s ? F ir s t, i f of fa m o u s m a g a z in e s , etc. bo ok . cover m a y h ave ta k en a n y jo b y o u ca n , o r m a yb e y o u a r e a fa m o u s m o d e l, y o u a re fo llo w e d tw o . b y p a p a r a z z i a n d d o n ’t h a v e a n y p r iv a te 4. J o u r n a lis t (J ): W h a t h a v e y o u d o n e t o ­ day? W hy? life . T h e o th e r a n d th e m o st im p o rta n t d is a d v a n ta g e is th a t m y f u t u r e is in s e ­ cu re bu t i f I save m y m on ey now , I w on ’t g r a p h ta k e n f o r a m a g a z in e . I w ill b e o n h a v e m a n y w o rr ie s . U n iti w .4 A lic e (A ); Y o u s e e , I h a v e h a d m y p h o t o ­ “ W h a t d is o b e d ie n t c h ild r e n !” w L esson s 1 -2 1. T h e D e v o te d F r ie n d c r ie d th e an sw ered th e o ld W a te r -r a t. w O n e m o r n in g t h e o ld W a t e r -r a t p u t h is “ N o th in g of th e k in d ,” h e a d o f h is h o le . H e b a d b r ig h t b e a d y e y e s D u ck , “ v e r y on e m u st m a k e a b e g in n in g , a n d s t i f f g r e y w h is k e r s , a n d h is t a il w a s a n d p a r e n t s c a n n o t b e t o o im p a t ie n t .” lik e a lo n g b it o f b la c k r u b b e r . T h e lit t le “A h ! I k n o w d u c k s w e r e s w im m in g a b o u t in t h e p o n d , o f p a r e n t s ,” s a id t h e W a t e r -r a t , “ I ’ m n o t n o th in g a b o u t th e fe e lin g s lo o k in g ju s t lik e a lo t o f y e llo w c a n a r ie s , a fa m ily and p u r e w h it e r ie d , a n d I n e v e r i n t e n d e d t o b e . L o v e is w it h r e a l r e d le g s , w a s t r y in g t o te a c h a ll v e r y w e ll i n i t s w a y , b u t f r i e n d s h ip is t h e m h o w t o s t a n d o n t h e ir h e a d s in th e m u c h h ig h e r .” th e ir m oth er, w h o w a s m an. I have never been L essons 3 -4 w a ter. T ask l “ Y o u w ill n e v e r b e in th e b e s t s o c ie t y u n ­ le s s y o u c a n s t a n d o n y o u r h e a d s ,” s h e 1. T r u e . k e p t s a y in g t o th e m ; a n d e v e r y n o w a n d 2. T ru e. 5 . F a ls e . th en sh e sh ow ed th em 3. T ru e. 6. T ru e. h o w it w a s d o n e . B u t t h e lit t le d u c k s p a id n o a t t e n t io n t o 4 . F a ls e . T a sk 2 h er. T h e y w e re s o y o u n g th a t th e y d id n o t 7. D 10. D k n o w w h a t a n a d v a n t a g e it is t o b e in s o ­ 8. С 11. В c ie t y a t a ll. 9. В 12. D m ar­
    • Unit 2 is r e n o w n e d fo r . A f t e r a ll, o n e c a n c e r ­ L esson s 1 -2 1. E n te r ta in m e n t B e fo r e v is it in g t a in ly s a t i s f y h is v is u a l a n d a e s t h e t ic a p ­ a fo r e ig n cou n try m ost p e tite b y t o u r in g m u se u m s a n d h is to r ic a l o r g a n iz e d p e o p le m a k e a lis t o f p la c e s to p la c e s , b u t t h is w ill n o t s u ffic ie n t t o sa te s e e a n d t h in g s t o d o w h ile s t a y in g t h e r e th e m o s t e le m e n ta r y o f a h u m a n b e in g ’s in o r d e r t o g e t a fe e l f o r t h e lo c a l c u ltu r e s e n s e s — th e a lim e n t a r y o n e ! a n d c u s t o m s a n d g e t a t a s t e o f a t o t a lly d iffe r e n t cou n try . The lis t u s u a lly in ­ L esson s 3 -4 T ask l c lu d e s s u c h t h in g s a s v is it s t o c u ltu r a l m o n u m en ts a n d m u seu m s, tou rs of ar­ 1. T r u e . 4 . F a ls e . c h ite c tu r a l h is to ric a l n ig h t­ 2 . F a ls e . 5. T ru e. and s ite s , c lu b s , r e s t a u r a n t s , th e a t r e s , a n d p la c e s 3. T ru e. 6 . F a ls e . t o s h o p f o r lo c a l s o u v e n ir s . O f c o u r s e , n o t T a sk 2 e v e r y o n e w ill c a t c h e v e r y t h in g , b u t m o s t 7. В 10. В w ill c e r ta in ly g o o u t t o a lo c a l r e s ta u r a n t 8. В 11. A s e r v in g t h e n a t io n a l c u is in e its c o u n t r y 9. A 12. В 1 .1 . T h e N ew Y o r k h osts p rep a red som e g r o w e r s u se m a n y m e th o d s t o p r o te c t th e t r e e s fr o m c o ld w e a th e r. .4 bo ok .o t r a d itio n a l d is h e s th a t t h e y t h o u g h t th e ir rg U n it s b y fr o s t an d fr e e z in g te m p e ra tu re s, an d L esson s 1 -2 G r e e k g u e s t s w o u ld th a n k th e m f o r . P e o p le r a r e ly e a t fr e s h 2 . W h e n th e la s t d is h w a s p u t o n th e d in ­ o f t h e f r u i t ’s s o u r t a s t e . H o w e v e r , le m o n le m o n s b e c a u s e n e r ta b le t h e g u e s t s jo k in g ly a s k e d w h e r e ju ic e a n d o il a r e u s e d in a w id e v a r ie t y o f th e tr a d itio n a l d is h w a s. f o o d p r o d u c t s . L e m o n o il is a ls o u s e d as a 3 . I f y o u th in k o f G re e k fo o d it m e a n s th a t s c e n t in n o n fo o d ite m s s u c h a s h o u s e h o ld y o u th in k o f fe ta — tr a d itio n a l d is h . c le a n in g 4 . In G r e e c e , fe t a is s o m e t h in g th a t y o u p e r fu m e , a n d o th e r c o s m e tic s . m u s t h a v e o n t h e ta b le . p rod u cts, soap, and 5 . T h e E u r o p e a n U n io n o f f l c i a l l y r e c o g ­ as an e x c lu s iv e G re e k nam e w n iz e d fe ta 6. G reece e x p o r ts m ore th a n 9 0 0 0 ton s o f L essons 3 -4 T ask l 1 .T r u e . 2. T ru e. w a n d p r o d u c t n o t lo n g a g o . sh am p oo, 3 . F a ls e . c h e e s e f e e l p le a s e d a n d p r o v i d e t h e m w it h 4 . F a ls e . w fe ta e v e r y y e a r t o m a k e p e o p le w h o lo v e w h a t th e y n e e d a n d w a n t. 5. T ru e. G r o w in g L e m o n s 6 . T ru e. T h e le m o n is a p o p u la r c it r u s f r u i t th a t T a sk 2 is r a is e d m a in ly f o r its t a r t ju ic e a n d f r a ­ 7. T h e t e x t d e a l s w it h g r a n t o il. L e m o n tr e e s b e a r f r u it t h r o u g h ­ h o m e a n d e a tin g o u t. h a v in g m e a ls at o u t th e y e a r , a n d s o g r o w in g h a r v e s t th e 8 . T h e b o y s b o u g h t e v e r y th in g a t th e s u ­ fr u it p e rm a rk et. up to ten t im e s a n n u a lly . L e m o n tr e e s c a n r e a c h a h e ig h t o f 6 t o 7 m e tre s . 9 . D o n s e t fir e a n d w a s g o in g t o c o o k h a s h They brow n s. are very th orn y and have lo n g , p o in t e d , p a le g r e e n le a v e s . T h e t r e e s p r o ­ 10. M r C o r d o n e w r a p p e d h i m s e lf in a t o w ­ d u c e p u r p le -t in g e d w h it e , f r a g r a n t flo w ­ e l a n d r a n o u t t o fin d t h e a p a r t m e n t t h ic k ers. L em on trees w it h b la c k s m o k e . are g ro w n fro m buds cu t fr o m tre e s a n d s ta r t to p r o d u c e fr u it 11. T h e c h a r a c te r s h a d th e ir fir s t b re a k ­ abou t tw o yea rs a fte r g r a ft an d som e co n ­ fa s t in a r e s ta u r a n t. tin u e t o b e a r f r u it f o r 5 0 y e a r s . 1 2 . P lo t n ic k w a s th e m a in p e r s o n in T h e L em on O lim p ia d D e lic a t e s s e n . trees m ay be s e v e r e ly d a m a g e d
    • Unit 4 a lo n g s id e a p la y fu l s e a lio n . L esson s 1 -2 1 .1 . F o r fa r L o c h C o u n t r y P a r k is s it u ­ O u r e x p e d it io n s a r e w o r ld w id e r a n g in g a ted n o t fa r fr o m th e c e n tr e o f th e to w n . fro m 2 . T h e C o u n t r y R a n g e r s a r e p e o p le w h o A l a s k a t o B a ja . I f y o u j o in u s , I p r o m is e h e lp v is it o r s a n d lo o k a f t e r t h e p a r k . you 3. T h e R a n g e r s e r v ic e h a s d iffe r e n t p r o ­ y o u ’ ll get g r a m m e s f o r p e o p le o f d iffe r e n t a g e s . s ta ff of 4 . S c h o o l a n d C o lle g e g r o u p s a r e a llo w e d A n d , fin a lly , a d v e n tu r e c a n b e s y n o n y ­ to stu d y n a tu re. m o u s w it h c o m f o r t a n d g r e a t f o o d w h ic h 5. R an gers are a v a ila b le to w ork w ith c la s s e s a n d s u p p ly te a c h e r s w it h a d v ic e A n ta rc tic a th is . A lo n g th e T ea ch ers are en cou raged G a la p a g o s . w it h F rom v a s t e x p e r ie n c e , fin e s t, n a tu r a lis ts m ost and d e d ic a te d h is to r ia n s . y o u ’ ll fin d a b o a r d a n y o f o u r f iv e e x p e d i ­ tio n s h ip s . Lessons 3 -4 a n d h e lp t h e m a s a s s is t a n t s . 6. to to T a sk l d is c u s s t h e ir id e a s w it h th e R a n g e r S e r v ic e w h o 1. F a ls e 4 . F a ls e c a n h e lp w it h a c t iv it ie s t h a t a r e e x a c t l y 2. T ru e 5 . F a ls e r ig h t 3. T ru e fo r s c h o o l c h i l d r e n ’s p a r t ic u la r 6. T ru e T a sk 2 n eeds. 7. W h a t c h a n g e s h a v e h a p p e n e d t o t h e p la y an im p o rta n t and ir r e ­ e a r t h in r e c e n t y e a r s ? rg L in d b la d E x p e d itio n s M useum s T h e a v e ra g e te m p e ra tu re o f th e e a r th h as p r e c ia tio n o f th e w o r ld w e in h a b it. E a ch b e e n in c r e a s in g . .4 bo ok .o p la c e a b le p a r t in o u r e d u c a tio n a n d a p ­ v i s it b r o a d e n s o u r u n d e r s t a n d in g o f n a ­ 8 . W h a t w a s a g e n e r a l c o n c lu s io n a b o u t tu re an d th e ca u se o f g lo b a l w a r m in g ? th e e n v ir o n m e n t. Y e t, b e y o n d th e w a lls o f a m u s e u m lie s th e n a t u r a l T h e in c re a s e d te m p e r a tu re . 9 . W h a t d o s o m e a n e c d o t a l e v id e n c e s in w o r ld . A n d th a t is w h e r e w e c o m e in . m y c o m p a ­ d iffe r e n t p la c e s o f E a r th illu s t r a t e ? n y , L in d b a ld E x p e d it io n , h a s b e e n in th e T h e e a r t h h a s a lw a y s h a d g r a d u a l flu c ­ e x p e d itio n b u s in e s s f o r o v e r tw o d e ca d e s , tu a tio n s in te m p e ra tu re . 10. W h a t p e r io d o f t im e h a v e a ll m a jo r e t ’s fe w r e m a in in g n a tu r a l w o n d e r s . O f g lo b a l t e m p e r a tu r e t r a c k in g a g e n c ie s r e ­ c o u r s e , I h a d a g r e a t te a c h e r , m y fa th e r , le a s e d u p d a te d d a ta fo r ? w h o p io n e e r e d e x p e d it io n t r a v e l in 1 9 5 8 . D u r in g th e p e r io d o f o n e y ea r. w t a k in g a d v e n tu ro u s tr a v e le rs t o o u r p la n ­ 11. W h a t h a s g lo b a l w a r m in g o r c o o lin g a n d w e c a n h e lp f u l f i l l t h a t p a r t o f y o u . It d o n e w it h t h e w o r ld e c o n o m y , p o lit ic s , s c i ­ is o n e t h in g t o s e e a p h o t o o f a w h a le . I t ’s en ce? q u it e a n o th e r t o b e c lo s e e n o u g h t o fe e l its It h a s e n g u lfe d th e m t o e q u a liz e b u s in e s s b r e a th . A p o la r b e a r a n d h e r c u b lu m b e r ­ o p p o r t u n it ie s f o r d e v e lo p in g n a tio n s . w w T h e r e is a n e x p lo r e d lu r k in g in a ll o f u s , in g a lo n g a n A r c t i c ic e flo e is a p r iv ile g e 12. H ow d o e s th e to ta l a m o u n t o f c o o lin g fe w g e t t o w it n e s s . A n d u n d e r w a t e r p h o ­ ra n ge? tog ra p h s F r o m 0 ,6 5 С u p t o 0 ,7 5 C . c a n n o t c o m p a r e t o s w im m in g U n its L esson s 1 -2 I T h e L o u v r e h a s a b o u t t h ir t e e n k ilo m e t r e s T h e L ou v re ] o f g a lle r ie s a n d m o re th a n a m illio n w o rk s T h e L o u v r e is o n e o f th e la r g e s t a n d m o s t I o f a r t. M a n y p a in tin g s a re e x h ib ite d in fa m o u s m u s e u m s in th e w o r ld . T h e L o u v r e th e G r a n d G a lle r y , w h ic h is m o r e th a n co v e r s m o re th a n 16 h e c ta r e s o n th e n o rth 4 0 0 m e t r e s lo n g . It h a s e s p e c ia lly fin e c o l ­ b a n k o f th e S e in e R iv e r in P a r is . T h e L o u ­ le c t io n o f E g y p t ia n , G re e k , A s ia n , a n d v r e w a s b u ilt a s a r e s id e n c e f o r th e k in g s R o m a n a rt. T h e L o u v re has an o u tsta n d ­ o f F r a n c e , b u t t o d a y it e x h ib it s s o m e o f th e in g c o lle c t io n o f p a in t in g s a n d s c u lp tu r e s w o r l d ’s g r e a t e s t a r t t r e a s u r e s . I o f t h e 1 8 0 0 s a s w e ll a s d e c o r a t e d a r t . T h e
    • L o u v r e ’s m o s t f a m o u s w o r k s i n c lu d e t h e T a sk 2 M o n a L is a b y th e I t a lia n p a in t e r L e o n ­ 7. W h a t w a s L o r d H e n r y W o t t o n w a t c h ­ a r d o d a V in c i. in g ? In 1 7 9 3 , d u r in g t h e F r e n c h R e v o lu t io n , th e r e v o lu tio n a r y govern m en t opened th e L o u v r e a s a p u b lic m u s e u m t o d is p la y w o r k s fr o m th e c a p t u r e d r o y a l c o lle c t io n . T h e L o u v r e g a in e d its m o d e r n th e m id d le o f 1 8 0 0 . A fo rm in m a jo r e x p a n s io n a n d m o d e r n iz a t io n p r o je c t b e g a n in 1 9 8 4 . T h e fir s t s e c t io n o p e n e d to t h e p u b lic in S m o k e a n d h is fr ie n d . 8 . W h y w a s B a s il p le a s e d ? B ecau se th e p a in tin g w as a lm o s t fin ­ is h e d . 9. W h ic h o f th e se fa c ts a b o u t L o rd H e n ry is tr u e ? H e d id n ’t b u y ch e a p th in g s . 10. W h a t w a s L o r d H e n r y ’s s u g g e s tio n ? 1989. T o e x h ib it th e p a in t in g in t h e g a lle r y in L ondon. L essons 3 -4 11. W hat d id th e a r t is t say about th e y o u n g m a n in th e p o r t r a it ? T a .s k 1 H e r e s e m b le d th e a r t is t . 4 . F a ls e . 5 . F a ls e . 1 2 . W h a t d o e s B a s il b e lie v e ? 3. T ru e. 6. T ru e. A n a r t is t sh o w s fe e lin g s o f h is s o u l. .4 bo ok .o rg 1. T r u e . 2 ; F a ls e . U n ite L e5 s0 n s 1 -2 R e a d in g F ile 1. A s u p e r s o n ic je t is th e fin e s t t e c h n o ­ lo g ic a l t r iu m p h in a ir lin e h is t o r y . 2 . B r it is h d e c id e d to b u ild fro m o th e r s in tu r n -o ff-th e -c e n tu r y A m e r ic a ? th e w o r ld ’s f ir s t s u p e r s o n ic a ir lin e r b e c a u s e it w a s a p r e s t ig e p o lit ic a l p r o je c t . 3. The B r it is h and F rench T a sk 2 7. H o w d i d t h e W r i g h t ’s b i c y c l e s h o p d i f f e r govern m en t It w a s o n ly s h o p w h e r e w in g s w e r e b e in g b u ilt. 8 . W h a t h e lp e d th e b r o t h e r s t o r e a liz e th e s t r e s s a s p ir it o f E u r o p e a n c o o p e r a t io n . T h e m e m o r y o f its fa lt e r in g flig h t a c r o s s 4. w w s ig n e d a p a c t t o d e v e lo p th e a ir c r a f t t o id e a o f flig h t ? T est p ilo t B r ia n T ru b sh aw BBC had w a n a tio n a l c e le b r it y a f t e r th e becam e b r o a d c a s t e d a s e r io u s o f p ic t u r e s o f th e flig h t o n T V . t h e ir liv in g r o o m th a t s ta y e d w it h th e m . 9. W h en d id W ilb u r Ь е с о т ё ^ c o n v in c e d th a t h e c o u ld b u ild a n a ir c r a f t f o r a m a n ’s flig h t ? 5 . T h e F in a n c ia l T im e s d e s c r ib e d r e la ­ t io n s b e tw e e n B r it a in a n d F r a n c e a s c a s ­ in g d is a g r e e m e n ts o n ly in o n e p o in t. W h e n th e b r o t h e r s b u ilt t h e ir fir s t fly in g m a c h in e — a p ilo t le s s “ k it e ” . 6 .T h e a u th o r ’s in t e n t io n is t o d e s c r ib e s o m e 1 0 . W h a t w a s a lo n e ly q u e s t o f t h e b r o t h e r s in t e r e s t in g fa c t s a b o u t a s u p e r s o n ic je t. in t h e w o r k r o o m b e h in d t h e ir b ik e s h o p ? P lo t t in g t o d e fy g r a v it y a n d c o n q u e r th e L essons 3 -4 w in d . 11. W h e r e d id th e b r o th e r s h a v e th e ir e x ­ T a sk l 1. T r u e . 2. T ru e. 3 . F a ls e . p e r im e n ts ? In t h e ir o w n w in d t u n n e l. 12. W h a t d id th e b r o th e r s d e c id e t o d e ­ 4. T ru e. s ig n a n d b u ild b e s id e a p la n e th a t h a d n ’t 5. T ru e. b e e n d o n e b e fo re ? 6 . F a ls e . A lig h tw e ig h t g a s -p o w e r e d e n g in e .
    • Unit? L esson s 1 -2 2 . F a ls e . R e a d in g F ile 3 . F a ls e . 6. T ru e. 7. F a ls e . 1. A s a w a s a m a z e d th a t h e le ft th e fir s t 4. T ru e. 8. T ru e. g r a d e w it h s o m u c h s t u f f. Lessons 3 -4 2 . E v e r y o n e in h is c la s s g o t a b la n k b lu e T a sk 1 c o m p o s it io n b o o k a n d th r e e u n s h a rp e n e d 1. T h e n a r r a t o r o f th e s t o r y w o rk s a s a p e n c ils . tea ch er. 3. A sa had ch osen t o p la n t r a d is h e s in t h e c la s s g a r d e n b e c a u s e h e d id n ’ t b e lie v e 2 . T h e t e a c h e r ’s w o r l d i s f il l e d w it h c h i l ­ d ren . t h e y w o u ld c o m e t r u e . 3 . W h a t d id th e n a r r a t o r p r o m is e h e r s t u ­ 4 . A s he a p p ro a ch e d th e c r o s s w a lk h e to o k d en ts? a r a d is h a n d w a n te d t o g iv e it t o N a d in e . T o r e tu r n th e ir p a p e rs to m o rr o w . 5 . B o b b y L e v y w a s n ’t in te re s te d in th e 4 . W h a t d o c h ild r e n le a r n e v e r y d a y ? r a d i s h e s a t a ll. T h e g r a m m a r r u le s . 6 . A s a k n e w th a t h is m o t h e r w o u ld th a n k 5 . W h y is t h e n a r r a t o r s t ill t e a c h in g ? h im f o r th e r a d is h e s . B e c a u s e th e c h ild r e n a r e m o r e im p o r ta n t 8 . 4 , 2, 1 , 5 , 6 , 3 . a n d v a lu a b le t h a n o t h e r t h in g s . T h e t e x t te lls t h e r e a d e r s a b o u t th e 6 . W h a t is h e r r e a l w o r ld ? rg 9. e p is o d e fr o m A s a ’ s life . A 1 0 . 1 . F a ls e . n e s s , a n d c a r in g . c h ild -fille d w o rld .4 bo ok .o 5 . F a ls e . o f d is c o v e r y , k in d ­ U n its L esson s 1 -2 S h a z a d ’s b u s in e s s w a s m e n tio n e d in t e c h ­ T e e n ’s H o b b y D e v e lo p e d in t o S u c c e s s fu l n ic a l b u s in e s s jo u r n a ls in a r t ic le s a b o u t W e b B u s in e s s te e n s w h o fo u n d e d c o m p u te r fir m s . T h e re S hazad (C h ie f M oham ed E x e cu tiv e c e s s fu lly been is 22 and O ffic e r ). g u id in g h is He w as w eb CEO a ls o w e re in t e r v ie w s o n r a d io a n d te le v i­ su c­ s io n . d e s ig n w c o m p a n y s in c e h e w a s 12 . h e is L essons 3 -4 T a sk 1 1. F a ls e . 4 . F a ls e . w h ic h h e s t a r t e d in 1 9 9 9 , b u ild s w e b s ite s 2. T ru e. 5. T ru e. a n d p r o v id e s . W e b s tr a te g y a n d c o n s u lt­ 3 . F a ls e . w S h a z a d ’s c o m p a n y , G l o b a l T e k S o l u t i o n s , w i n g . “ W e h e lp p e o p le d e v e lo p t h e i r b u s i­ 6 . F a ls e . T a sk 2 n e s s o v e r th e W e b ,” s a id S h a z a d , w h o liv e s 7. W h a t k in d o f m a n w a s S a n t ia g o ? w it h h is f a m ily in T e x a s , th e U S A . H is f a ­ A m a n w h o w a s a s k e d t o t e a c h a b o y t o fis h . t h e r s a id , “ H e h a s b e e n a g e n iu s in lit e r a lly 8 . W h a t d id M a n o lin d o ? e v e r y t h in g h e h a s b e e n c o n c e r n e d in .” L o o k e d a ft e r S a n tia g o ’s fo o d a n d p o s s e s ­ S h a za d w a s in tr o d u c e d to co m p u te rs at s io n s . a g e 9 . H is p a r e n t s t o o k a b a s ic c o m p u t ­ 9 . W h a t d id n ’t S a n tia g o d o? i n g c o u r s e a n d b r o u g h t h im a lo n g . S o o n K e p t s ile n c e a f t e r h e h a d m e t a s t r o n g h e w a s c r u is in g th e In te r n e t, g a th e r in g f is h . in fo r m a tio n on c o m p u te r s a n d p r o g r a m ­ 1 0 . W h y d id t h e o ld m a n b e g in t o p it y th e m in g . B y th e t im e h e w a s 1 2 , h e s t a r t e d g r e a t fis h ? t o n o t ic e a g a p in th e in fo r m a t io n t e c h ­ T h e fis h w a s s t r o n g a n d b e h a v e d s tr a n g e ly . n o lo g y m a r k e t th a t h e th o u g h t h e c o u ld 11 . W h e n t h e f is h f e ll i n t o th e w a te r w ith f i l l . T h e id e a t u r n e d i n t o b u s in e s s . H is a c r a s h , t h e o ld f ir s t c u s to m e r s w e re fa m ily a n d fr ie n d s d r o p s o f w a ter. m a n w a s c o v e r e d w ith w h o n e e d e d w e b s it e s a n d b a s ic c o m p u t ­ 1 2 . W h a t w a s t h e e n d o f th e fig h t? in g s o lu t io n s . T h e m a n h a d m o r a lly w o n th e b a ttle .