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    • $6.95 FEB/09 v.54 n.02 Buildings for the CommunityCover-no spine.indd 1 2/5/09 3:24:02 PM
    • Experts estimate that a staggering 60% of the world’s carbon emissions come from the built environment, clogging skies and heating the earth. Revit® software, purpose built for BIM, along with leading analysis partners, give users the ability to predict a building’s impact – including its energy consumption and waste – so they can design ways of reducing both. Working from a digital model, users can assess a design’s environmental impact, all before ground is even broken. Learn about Building Information Modeling at autodesk.com/PowerofBIM HOW BIM CAN HELP REDUCE THIS BUILDING’S CARBON FOOTPRINT – BEFORE IT’S BUILT. CirCle reply Card 11 Autodesk and Revit are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk, Inc., in the USA and/or other countries. All other brand names, product names, or trademarks belong to their respective holders. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product offerings and specifi cations at any time without notice, and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. ©2008 Autodesk, Inc. All rights reserved. p02 Autodesk Ad.indd 2Autodesk_CdnArchitect_Ad.indd 1 11/17/08 10:27:36 PM 1/28/09 2:49:01 AM
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    • deRek LeppeR RichaRd Johnson 14 whistler PuBlic liBrary 11 news Taking advanTage of The dynamic quaLiTies of iTs siTe, a much-anTicipaTed LibRaRy Atelier TAG and Jodoin Lamarre Pratte by hughes condon maRLeR: aRchiTecTs has become a popuLaR communiTy hub architectes design the new Saint-Hubert foR WhisTLeR’s diveRse popuLaTion. teXt LesLie Jen Library; Gregory Henriquez proposes Stop Gap pre-fabricated housing as a solu- tion to Vancouver’s homelessness issue. 18 John M.s. lecky uBc Boathouse designed by LaRRy mcfaRLand aRchiTecTs, This fLoaTing sTRucTuRe handsomeLy 30 Practice Responds To The needs of dedicaTed univeRsiTy of bRiTish coLumbia RoWeRs. Rick Linley suggests that profitability and teXt adeLe WedeR efficiency can be increased through the optimization of net fees, labour, and utiliz- ation rates. 22 PeterBorough regional health centre 33 Books Leslie Jen and Ian Chodikoff review three This neW faciLiTy by sTanTec aRchiTecTuRe RepResenTs a RemaRkabLe achievemenT recent publications that offer insight into in a counTRy cRying ouT foR subsTanTiaL impRovemenTs in heaLTh caRe. teXt ian chodikoff the future of the city.maRTin TessLeR 36 calendar Enzo Mari exhibition at Cambridge Galler- ies, Design at Riverside; Eelco Hooftman of Edinburgh’s GROSS. MAX lectures at the University of Toronto. 38 BackPage The Oberlander family share details of the extraordinary life of H. Peter Oberlander (1922-2008). febRuaRy 2009, v.54 n.02 main enTRance To The peTeRboR- coVer ough RegionaL heaLTh cenTRe. phoTo- gRaph by RichaRd Johnson. The NaTioNal Review of DesigN aND PRacTice/ The JouRNal of RecoRD of The Raic 02/09 canadian architect 
    • VIEWPOINTIAN CHODIKOFF EDITOR IAN CHODIKOFF, OAA, MRAIC ASSOCIATE EDITOR LESLIE JEN, MRAIC EDITORIAL ADVISORS JOHN MCMINN, AADIPL. MARCO POLO, OAA, MRAIC CHARLES WALDHEIM, OALA(HON.), FAAR CONTRIBUTING EDITORS GAVIN AFFLECK, OAQ, MRAIC HERBERT ENNS, MAA, MRAIC ABOVE A WOMAN POSES ON A PUBLIC SECTION OF JUMEIRAH BEACH, AS THE EXPANDING DUBAI DOUGLAS MACLEOD, NCARB SKYLINE RISES IN THE BACKGROUND. REGIONAL CORRESPONDENTS HALIFAX CHRISTINE MACY, OAA MONTREAL DAVID THEODORE WINNIPEG HERBERT ENNS, MAA REGINA BERNARD FLAMAN, SAA CALGARY DAVID A. DOWN, AAA EDMONTON BRIAN ALLSOPP, AAA PUBLISHER TOM ARKELL 416-510-6806 SALES MANAGER GREG PALIOURAS 416-510-6808 CIRCULATION MANAGER BEATA OLECHNOWICZ 416-442-5600 EXT. 3543 CUSTOMER SERVICE MALKIT CHANA 416-442-5600 EXT. 3539 PRODUCTION JESSICA JUBB GRAPHIC DESIGN SUE WILLIAMSON VICE PRESIDENT OF CANADIAN PUBLISHING ALEX PAPANOU PRESIDENT OF BUSINESS INFORMATION GROUP BRUCE CREIGHTON HEAD OFFICE 12 CONCORDE PLACE, SUITE 800, TORONTO, ON M3C 4J2 TELEPHONE 416-510-6845 FACSIMILE 416-510-5140 E-MAIL EDITORS@CANADIANARCHITECT.COM WEB SITE WWW.CANADIANARCHITECT.COM Canadian Architect is published monthly by Business Information Group, a division of BIG Magazines LP, a leading Canadian information company with interests in daily and community newspapers and business-to-business information services. The editors have made every reasonable effort to provide accurate and authoritative information, but they assume no liability for the accuracy or com- pleteness of the text, or its fitness for any particular purpose. Subscription Rates Canada: $52.95 plus applicable taxes for one year; $83.95 plus applicable taxes for two years (GST – #809751274RT0001). Price per single copy: $6.95. Students (prepaid with student I.D., includes taxes): $32.50 for one year. USA: $101.95 U.S. for one year. All other foreign: $103.95 U.S. per year. US office of publication: 2424 Niagara Falls Blvd, Niagara Falls, NY 14304- 5709. Periodicals Postage Paid at Niagara Falls, NY. USPS #009-192. US postmaster: Send address changes to Canadian Architect, PO Box 1118, Niagara Falls, NY 14304. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., Canadian Architect, 12 Concorde Place, Suite 800, Toronto, ON Canada M3C 4J2. Postmaster: please forward forms 29B and 67B to 12 Concorde Place, Suite 800, Toronto, ON Canada M3C 4J2. Printed in Canada. All rights reserved. The contents of this publication may not be reproduced either in part or in full without the consent of the copyright owner. From time to time we make our subscription list available to select companies and organizations whose product or service may interest you. If you do not wish your contact information to be made available, please contact us via one of the following methods: Telephone 1-800-668-2374 Facsimile 416-442-2191 E-mail privacyofficer@businessinformationgroup.ca Mail Privacy Officer, Business Information Group, 12 Concorde Place, Suite 800, Toronto, ON Canada M3C 4J2 MEMBER OF THE CANADIAN BUSINESS PRESS MEMBER OF THE AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT #40069240 ISSN 0008-2872 IAN CHODIKOFF ICHODIKOFF@CANADIANARCHITECT.COM 8 CANADIAN ARCHITECT 02/09
    • CirCle reply Card 16p09 Arcat Ad.indd 9 1/28/09 2:53:20 PM
    • Vicwest ad 03-butterfly:Layout 1 1/21/09 9:36 AM Page 1 A metamorphosis of beauty and excellence w w w. v i c w e s t . c o m Residential L E E D ® ® When you need to achieve LEED certification Vicwest has the products and technical teams to Commercial help you tackle the most challenging sustainable G O L D building designs. For a range of metal building Congratulations to Macdonald Industrial Zuberec Ensslen Architects Inc. products and responsive service you won’t find - St. Catharines, ON for achieving Agricultural anywhere, visit us online. LEED® Gold for this project. British Columbia Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Ontario Quebec Atlantic Provinces CirCle reply Card 18 HIRES FORMAT: 300DPI NOTES: COLOUR: FOUR COLOUR PROOF No. CR: 1 PR: 0 FIN SIZE wxh: 8x5.125 FLAT SIZE wxh: BW NS FO CR REP: KS AC REP: PR REP: AC DIR: CityMulti_CA Ad_Jan 09.indd DATE: 01/08/09 Mitsubishi Electric Canada MESCA 2009 CAMPAIGN 14306 DOCKET: CLIENT: PROJECT: ITEM: CityMulti_CA Ad_Jan 09.indd 1 CirCle reply Card 17 1/9/09 3:47:27 PMp10 VicWest+Mitsubishi Ads.indd 10 1/28/09 2:54:20 PM
    • newsPrOjects problem is rising faster than what BC Housing can GreGory Henriquez’s aBOVe, LeFt tO riGht build. According to Henriquez, the problem has to stop Gap HousinG proposal intends toatelier taG and jodoin Lamarre Pratte to do with permitting, which can take several years Help eliminate Homelessness in Vancou-design saint-hubert Library. for a typical social-housing project. Through a Ver; atelier taG and Jodoin lamarreThe commission for the new library in the temporary, renewable 12-month permitting pro- pratte HaVe been awarded tHe commis- sion to desiGn a new library in saint-borough of Saint-Hubert in Longueuil, Quebec cess and a schedule utilizing a pre-fab construc- Hubert, quebec.has been awarded to the design consortium of tion process, Henriquez wants to build 1,000Montreal firms Atelier TAG and Jodoin Lamarre units of Stop Gap Housing on eight city sites young Montreal designer with fewer than 10Pratte architectes, who will incorporate a variety within the next year. He has the support of Van- years’ professional practice, having demon-of context- and sustainability-related measures couver Mayor Gregor Robertson, who has prom- strated exceptional quality in studies and work asthat harness wind, sun, geothermal and rainwater ised to work towards ending homelessness in the well as a marked interest in the city. Created bytechnologies. The 2,000-square-metre facility is city. The Tyee online journal estimates that, if the City of Montreal in 2008, the deadline forsituated on a wooded, windy lot. As a result, the combined with the reopening of almost 500 hotel submission is April 14, 2009. The applicationarchitects developed the design parti of a “flying rooms recently identified by the Carnegie Com- form and eligibility criteria are available atcarpet,” where the roofline is folded to accom- munity Action Project, the Stop Gap Housing www.designmontreal.com. The announcementmodate the prevailing winds. Extensive solar scheme would provide enough homes for nearly of the winner will be made in June 2009.studies resulted in the provision of perforated all of the 1,547 individuals found in Vancouver www.designmontreal.comwood slats along the exterior to help modulate the during the spring 2008 homeless count. And theintensity of the sun while reducing glare inside. cost of building these 1,000 units would be less Bc architect wins canada’s top businessVarious spatial qualities of the forest are trans- than what the city and province are currently award for female entrepreneurs.lated into the function of the building: the open paying to administer to those same people on the Teresa Coady, Chief Executive Officer and found-plan of the ground floor is inspired by the con- street. BC taxpayers currently spend an average of ing partner of the Vancouver-based architecturalcept of the forest floor; on the upper levels, the $55,000 per year in health, corrections and social practice of Bunting Coady Architects, has beenverticality of the wood slats are inspired by tree services for each of the estimated 11,750 home- named as a winner of the 2008 RBC Canadiantrunks; and at the north end of the library, the less people in the province, according to a 2008 Woman Entrepreneur Awards (CWEA). Estab-porous design of the roof recalls the experience study by Simon Fraser University’s Centre for lished in 1992, these awards are conferred onof peering at the sky through a canopy of trees. Applied Research in Mental Health and Addic- leading female entrepreneurs whose successfulThe children’s area forms the geographic heart of tion. Henriquez’s Stop Gap Housing could be business achievements have contributed signifi-the building, and the building’s circulation built for less than $40,000 per unit, excluding cantly to the Canadian and global economies, aspromenade terminates with a reading room cap- the price of land, which could be provided by the well as to their own community. Coady is the onlyturing views of the Montérégie region beyond. city or funded by the province. architect to have ever received this honour and isIncluding all site work and landscaping, the con- one of only a handful of women running a full-struction budget is $11.6 million. Construction is awards service architectural practice in Canada. A lead-expected to begin in July 2009 with the library ing pioneer of sustainable and energy-efficientbecoming operational by the summer of 2010. Phyllis Lambert design Montreal Grant: design, Coady’s vision to create “Living, Breath- call for applications to young professionals. ing Buildings” which enhance the environment—henriquez Partners architects proposes The call for applications for the annual Phyllis is the philosophy behind the work of Buntingscheme to end Vancouver’s homelessness. Lambert Design Montreal Grant has been an- Coady Architects. The firm has more square foot-Stop Gap Housing is a new idea being proposed nounced. Destined for young design profession- age of LEED® NC Gold-certified institutional andby Vancouver architect Gregory Henriquez to end als, this grant aims to acknowledge and promote commercial projects than any other firm in NorthVancouver’s homelessness problem through the the talent of emerging Montreal designers and America and has won over 50 awards for designrapid construction of temporary pre-fabricated foster their professional recognition. The winner quality and building performance. Teresa Coadyhousing. Henriquez’s proposal calls for a motel- will receive a $10,000 award to fund a profes- is the only architect to serve on the BC provinciallike village with 48 suites clustered around a cen- sional development project in one of the cities of government’s Climate Action Team (CAT), whichtral courtyard that features a manager’s office, a the UNESCO Creative Cities Network, of which is developing strategies to significantly reducecovered patio, and a second-storey meeting Montreal is a member. The Phyllis Lambert greenhouse gas emissions in the province ofroom. Vancouver’s exploding homelessness Design Montreal Grant rewards the talent of a British Columbia. She has acted as an advisor to 02/09 canadian architect 11
    • the British Columbia Energy Code and the 31, 2009. All winning entries will be presented at 2008), it has come to our attention that, at theNational Energy Code. A board member of the the Atlantic Seniors’ Housing Needs Conference time of submission to our magazine, the clientCascadia Chapter of the United States Green in Halifax in 2009. who initially commissioned Patkau ArchitectsBuilding Council, Coady is the acclaimed author www.msvu.ca/ASHRA/pdf/CompGuidelines_ Inc. to design Our Lady of the Assumption Parishof a number of articles and academic papers. FINAL.pdf Church had no intention to build the proposal.www.buntingcoady.com Therefore, according to the rules of eligibility what’s new clearly expressed on the 2008 entry form for thecOMPetitiOns Canadian Architect Awards of Excellence, the sub- canada Green Building council and Bc mitted design is considered ineligible and willaffordable seniors’ housing ideas design hydro collaborate on energy efficiency. not receive an Award of Excellence. While Patkaucompetition. These two organizations have launched a joint Architects Inc. were initially commissioned byThe goal of this competition is to showcase ideas effort to improve the design, construction and the client on November 21, 2007 to produce theand/or concepts of innovative seniors’ housing operation of buildings in British Columbia. They design recognized by the jury, the contractdesign at the ASHRA Seniors’ Housing Needs Con- will work together to: develop customer-focused between the client and architect was mutuallyference later this year. This collaborative research programs for energy conservation for buildings; terminated on April 15, 2008—several monthsproject involves over 75 organizations and five increase the number and skill level of industry before the submission deadline for our awardsuniversities from Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, professionals focused on energy efficiency through program. It should be noted that the friendly ter-Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward joint training programs; create demonstration mination of the agreement was due to the factIsland. The research will determine the housing projects featuring sustainable communities and that, in the opinion of the Parish Building Com-needs and choices, both existing and emerging, energy infrastructure; and look for opportunities mittee, the design “did not meet the parishfor our aging population. Policy recommenda- to promote the LEED® green building rating sys- requirements with respect to the design of ations will then be developed to help satisfy these tem in conjunction with Power Smart. BC Hydro is ‘traditional’ Catholic church and the architectneeds in the future. There are three prizes as fol- working to make BC electricity self-sufficient by was not prepared to modify his position suffi-lows: 1st prize of $5,000; 2nd prize of $3,000; and 2016 and will meet 50 percent of new electricity ciently beyond the presentation of a ‘contempor-best student entry wins $2,000. Any potential demand through conservation by 2020. ary’ church.” Since a new design by anotherentrant must advise the competition information architect for Our Lady of the Assumption Parishofficer at info@ashra.ca by 12:00 noon AST on addendUM Church has been released into the public realm,March 2, 2009 of their intent to submit an entry. Canadian Architect regrets causing any confusionAll entries for the competition are to be post- In reference to the winners of the 2008 Canadian for the parish, the client, and the general com-marked no later than 12:00 noon AST on March Architect Awards of Excellence (see CA, December munity of Port Coquitlam, BC. The Future of Building With a number of disparate, often geographically distributed organizations involved in the delivery of construction projects, there has been considerable interest in e-business tools within the construction industry. These tools open up a range of possibilities for the industry to rethink existing processes and working methods, so their use is increasingly common. Nevertheless, there has been little definitive guidance on the major issues in electronic business from a construction perspective. With a fine blend of theoretical and practical aspects of e-commerce in construction, and well illustrated with a number of industrial case studies, e-Business in Construction will find an appreciative audience of construction practitioners, researchers and students at all levels. Readers will also benefit from further coverage on legal matters, technological issues and implementation. Available at www.amazon.ca.12 canadian architect 02/09 circLe rePLy card 19 4792.indd 1 1/8/09 3:38:26 PM
    • InThis Belt-Tightening Economy,You NeedTimelys Money-Saving Package. SAVE UPTO 200 $ POTENTIAL SAVINGS NEARLY $200 PER OPENING. Thats the payoff from Timelys prefinished steel frame/door package* when compared with primed hollow metal frame/unfinished doors. PER OPENING HERES HOW IT ALL ADDS UP: • Installation labor lowered from 50 to 30 minutes • Distribution labor reduced from 45 to 15 minutes • On-site painting down from 180 minutes to 0 • Little or no repair, touch-up or adjustment FLEXIBILITY AND DEPENDABILITY, TOO. Greater strength is assured by Timelys full perimeter anchoring system. Count on 90-minute positive pressure fire rating, too. And Timelys wide selection includes 6 stocking and 29 custom colors, or any other color matched. Plus 5 casing profiles, or choose your own wood casing. NOW MORE THAN EVER, ITS YOUR TIME FOR TIMELY. AN INDUSTRY LEADER FOR OVER 35 YEARS. www.timelyframes.com/cam *Prefinished door supplied by door manufacturer. Timely Corporate Offices: 10241 Norris Ave., Pacoima, CA 91331-2292 / 818-492-3500 / 800-247-6242 / Fax 818-492-3530 Eastern Distribution Center: 9782 Interocean Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45246 / 513-682-9600 / 800-346-4395 / Fax 513-682-4102 Georgia: 4713 Hammermill Road, Tucker, Georgia 30084 / 770-493-8811 / 800-445-8899 / Fax 770-491-1653 © Timely 2009 CirCle reply Card 20p13 TimelySteel Ad.indd 13 1/28/09 2:55:36 PM
    • room to reada resort community welcomes along-awaited public facility thatunites its diverse population.proJect Whistler Public library, Whistler, british columbiaarchitect hughes condon marler: architectsteXt leslie Jenphotos martin tessler14 canadian architect 02/09
    • Known by most as a winter playground for thewealthy, the town of Whistler is, in fact, anintriguing community with a diverse population.Currently numbering at around 10,000 full-timeresidents, the village also employs 2,500-3,000transient/seasonal workers. With a steady streamof part-time residents and tourists, the popula-tion averages close to 30,000, and during peakperiods, can swell to an astonishing 55,000. Itspopularity is understandable: one of the GreatWhite North’s most frequented resort destina-tions, Whistler offers breathtaking mountainscenery along with fantastic skiing, hiking androck-climbing opportunities. Consequently, thelast 15 years have witnessed a massive construc-tion boom, with high-end condominiums sprout-ing up in and around the town, jockeying forposition with the countless hotels, bars and res-taurants servicing outdoor adventure-seekersfrom around the world. The maturation and growth of the communityhas necessitated expansion of its public facilities.Housed in a portable structure since the late1980s, the original Whistler Public Library waslocated in the heart of what is now a denselybuilt-up village. As this was never intended to bea long-term solution, the community has been indiscussions concerning a new library buildingsince the early 1990s. In 2002, Hughes CondonMarler: Architects (HCMA) was retained to tacklea dual program comprising both library andmuseum functions. Differences in process andobjective between library and museum stalled theproject indefinitely, which eventually resulted inthe two institutions going their separate ways. In2004, the library project alone was resurrected,with HCMA once again at the helm, steering theproject over the next few years through a rigorousand integrated design process that engaged thecommunity and public at large. Despite the rugged and majestic geographicalcontext of Whistler, increased development overthe years has resulted in a definite urban qualityto the town. Public transit is excellent, and anumber of pedestrian-friendly plazas along withan extensive path network called the “VillageStroll” successfully link the buildings together. A sun-drenched civic plAzA drAws visitors into the highly ArticulAted mAin oppositeCalifornia-based landscape architect Eldon Beck entrAnce of the librAry. top structurAl hemlock members give drAmAtic expression tois largely responsible for the community’s the soAring roofline in the mAin spAce. above the librAry glows At night, set AgAinstdesign, having been retained as one of Whistler’s the trees in the AdjAcent pArk And the distAnt mountAins.original planners in the 1970s. Influenced by theideology of Christopher Alexander, Beck advocat- won Beck over through an articulate and well- within a fairly dense cluster of hotels all access-ed for the inclusion of many human-scaled ele- reasoned presentation. ible from the pedestrianized Village Stroll. Aments such as benches and low walls to encour- Constructed on what was the second-last un- civic plaza draws visitors into the vestibule andage a real sense of community interaction and developed parcel of land in the village—a former through a set of doors to the main stacks area,engagement. In fact, deferential to Beck even to surface parking lot close to where the old library where the real drama of the space unfolds. Slop-this day, the project’s clients insisted that the portable sat, the new L-shaped library responds ing up towards the north, the exposed structureHCMA design team fly to the US to present the to both the urban fabric of the village and the of the soaring roof is rhythmically expressed inscheme to the venerable guru in his California adjacent densely forested park—the largest in hemlock. A high-performance curtain wall offersoffice for his approval. Initially meeting with Whistler Village. With the main entry facing unimpeded views of the evergreens in the adja-resistance, principal Darryl Condon eventually south towards Main Street, the library is nestled cent park as well as distant views of Sprott Moun- 02/09 canadian architect 15
    • gain, which is major consideration during Whist- ler’s surprisingly hot, dry summers. The heavy timber construction respects the vernacular building tradition of the area, but the uncommon use of hemlock represents a more sustainable above pronounced tectonic expression typicAl of west coAst Architecture is evident in choice than other woods that are typically used, this northeAst corner view. top right the north elevAtion illustrAtes the Anchoring such as Douglas fir and cedar. But to compensate presence of the stone fireplAce, which contrAsts with the lifting roof plAnes And for hemlock’s structural inconsistencies, the the trAnspArent lightness of the curtAin wAll. middle right A close-up view cAptures the mAteriAlity of the building And its structurAl connections. opposite tAken from the HCMA team developed an innovative roof system end-of-trip entry At the librAry’s northeAst corner, this view reveAls the covered of prefabricated laminated panels that were ver- ArcAde leAding visitors up to the front of the building. tically staggered to address this shortcoming. This allows for a shallow structural zone,tain, and allows the space to be suffused with mountains are always present, and two outdoor reducing exterior cladding quantities while maxi-even north light, ideal for reading and other reading terraces reinforce the perpetual connec- mizing light and views. Strategies such as thesetasks. tion to the outdoors, as does the sheltered arcade will likely earn the building a LEED Gold rating. Project architect Bill Uhrich maintains that that runs along the east elevation. Another project advancement is the counter-there is a dual aspect the project: while the Numerous sustainability strategies were intuitive choice to go against the steeply pitchedlibrary is ostensibly about books, information, implemented to create the greenest building pos- roofs that characterize the region. Heavy, wetand technology in sustaining and promoting the sible. The provision of end-of-trip facilities snow can weigh as much as 160 pounds perintellectual culture of Whistler, it is equally about encourages non-vehicular forms of transporta- square foot, resulting in inordinately high roof-its relationship to site and the larger context of tion like cycling, and as such, bicycle parking, loading situations. HCMA sought the advice of athe mountains. HCMA examined European pre- change rooms, lockers and washrooms are locat- snow-management consultant, who suggestedcedents to facilitate a strong connection to the ed on the lowest level, accessed through a separ- keeping as much snow on the roof as possible, tooutdoors and to mountain culture, looking spe- ate entrance at the northeast corner of the build- take advantage of the insulatory properties of thecifically at the architecture of the Alps. Con- ing. In addition to a green roof, deep overhangs snow, and to minimize the amount of snow dumpsequently, light and views of the surrounding on the south and east elevations minimize solar on the ground, which would otherwise impede16 canadian architect 02/09
    • client resort municipAlity of whistler architect team dArryl condon, bill uhrich, kurt mclAren, juliA mogensen, jAy lin, kAynA merchAnt 18 structural fAst + epp structurAl engineers mechanical stAntec engineering 17 19 electrical Acumen engineering landscape phillips fArevAAg smAllenberg cost consultant hAnscomb 1 main entry code consultant lmdg 2 entry vestibule building envelope consultant rdh group 20 16 3 circulation desk builder whistler construction compAny 4 patron service ground floor area 1,400 m2 5 book drop budget $12 m 15 6 workroom completion jAnuAry 2008 16 14 7 head librarian office 8 copy/storage 21 9 storage 3 10 office 13 22 11 staff room 12 child program room 9 8 7 4 13 children’s area 2 14 group study 6 15 quiet carrels 12 10 5 11 16 outdoor reading terrace 1 17 reading room 18 fireplace 19 teen area 20 computer lab 21 multipurpose room 22 arcade main floor 3 1 4 2 5 6 11 8 7 1 end-of-trip entry 2 arcade 3 men’s end-of-trip facility 9 4 women’s end-of-trip facility 5 mechanical room 6 secure bike storage 7 stair to civic plaza/main entry 10 8 covered parking 9 garbage recyclingpedestrian circulation. The resulting folded roof 10 access to parking 11 electrical roomplane keeps snow on the roof and off the groundat critical entry points into the building, givingthe library a more authentic formal expressionunique amongst the identical cookie-cutter cha-lets that dot the village. parking plan 0 10m Unfortunately, Whistler has acquired anunsettling Disneyfied quality typical of mostIntrawest resorts: Blue Mountain, Tremblant,Panorama ... the list goes on. As an antidote, theWhistler Public Library represents a courageousdeviation from the global sameness and forcedquaintness of the unrelenting flat pastel stuccofaçades, and remains true to Whistler’s originalplanning principles. Additionally, it rewards thecommunity for its resilience, initiative and cross sectionindependent spirit with a truly democratic placeof gathering and learning. Tourists and resi-dents—both permanent and transient—haveresponded overwhelmingly: over the past year,the number of daily visitors has increased by300% from about 300 to roughly 1,000 per day.And for their efforts, HCMA can bask in theglory of receiving the 2008 Real Cedar Awardfrom the Canadian Wood Council this past Nov-ember. ca longitudinal section 0 10M 02/09 canadian architect 17
    • Oars tO the GrOunda new rOwinG facility flOats Gently Onthe fraser river, and the bifurcatedstructure reflects the physics Of the spOrtitself.prOJectJohn M.S. Lecky UBc BoathoUSe, RichMond, BRitiSh coLUMBiaarchitectLaRRy McFaRLand aRchitectS Ltd.teXt adeLe WedeRphOtOs deRek LeppeRNestled on the middle bank of Fraser River, the John M.S. Lecky UBC the flexion point between the thrust and pull of the oars. The symbolicBoathouse subverts the usual bankside paradigm of architecture-as- and also practical architectural correlation is the junction point betweenfixed-anchor. Instead of attempting an illusory defiance of its site, the the two building components, a flexible “drawbridge.” This dual-design team has conceived the Boathouse as a structure in sync with the module concept expresses in symbolic terms the double-beat rhythm ofsandy soil and shifting tides. With a simple palette of glass, metal and the sport, but also allows the practical functioning of the building aswood, the architects devised a kind of nautical architecture that works in “floating architecture.”much the same way as the boats themselves. Lead architect and former The project is primarily a conflation of dock, boat shed, locker/rower Craig Duffield points to “the moment of athletic poise, of athletic showers, offices and an events hall, the latter being the cash cow toflexion” in rowing, where the rowers alternately pull and thrust, and subsidize the operating costs of the rest of the building. It’s a pro-then pick up enough speed for the boat itself to lift slightly off the water. gramme that is more complex than one might think, involving sculls— Neither the marina nor the building is anchored to the earth on those competition-minded boats that require a lot more considerationimmoveable piers. This is a floating dock that rises and falls with the in their circulation and storage than your average Canadian Tire canoe.tides, as does the structure adjoining it. The Boathouse itself is a The dauntingly long, narrow and expensive vessels—nautical hotrods,strategically bifurcated structure. The physical act of rowing is based on really—are engineered to move fast through the water with minimal18 canadian architect 02/09
    • effort, but also remain light enough for the rowers to carry and hoist ontothe brackets in the boat shed. Moreover, at $30-40,000 a pop, the configura-tion of the path from boat to bay becomes critical: the diagonal positioningof the floating dock helps not only expedite the boats coming in, but alsoavoid dings and outright crashes. (It’s not surprising that Duffield hasserious rowing experience under his belt—in fact, it was an essential qualifi-cation for the project). The design team selected translucent polycarbonite panels to wall theboat shed, a choice at once functional and aesthetic. The translucent panelsallow copious daylight into the garage such that on the overcast day of myvisit, no artificial lighting was needed to navigate the space or hoist theboats up on and down from their bracket frames. It’s a proverbial greengesture, but it also means that a group of rowers straggling into the garagewith a $40,000 scull in their grasp need not risk fumbling for a light switch.And, from inside and outside, the panels are quite simply beautiful: lumi-nous, like water. The luminescence of the polycarbonite panelling is one of many charac-teristics that hint, not holler, at the purpose of the project. “I disdainedforms that look like upside-down boats,” insists Duffield. Still, the massinggently evokes the form of a boat, not only in the swell of the roofline butalso in the contiguous line of the steel fascia that runs across the top of thebuilding, which transforms into a supporting beam and then continues intoan elliptical arc supporting the brise-soleil of the upper deck. The cedar slats of the brise-soleil in turn serve to frame the otherwisebleak vista. Across this arm of the Fraser River, there is little more thanscrub and scattered housing to look at, but the cropping of this starkexpanse transforms it into a postcard of nautical charm. With its clean simplicity and floor-to-ceiling glazing, the event hallopens up a panoramic river view. The ceiling is a splendid expanse ofDouglas fir. Below the curved clerestory, an otherwise neutral space isenriched by a frieze with a fish-motif bas-relief sculpture created byMusqueam artist Susan Point. The one odd note is the faux-wood laminateflooring. The choice was predicated by cost considerations. But with realwood used strategically and sparingly elsewhere, and honest industrialmaterials like corrugated steel used for the cladding, it would have seemedmore appropriate to specify a straightforward coloured laminate than anapologetic stand-in for hardwood. Overall, however, the Boathouse is a smartly designed, light-infusedstructure with uncommon sensitivity to the end users. Glass-walled officesare suffused in daylight and offer a generous river view to the administrationstaff. The event hall is carefully calibrated to draw paying crowds for partiesand celebrations that help bankroll the building’s operating costs. Most Floating gently on the Fraser river, the new boathouse OppOsite glows brilliantly at night. riGht, tOp tO bOttOM translucent poly- carbonite panels provide lots oF natural light into the boat bay storage area; a cedar guardrail and screen assembly on the second-Floor viewing deck; a southwest view oF the new boathouse. 02/09 canadian architect 19
    • the viewing deck look- left, tOp tO bOttOM client university oF british columbia architect teaM craig duFField (design architect + project ing out toward the Fraser river; hand- architect), carrie gratland, susanne hunter, david kitazaki, alvin martin, penny martyn, larry s. mcFarland (principal), dean some structural detailing characterizes shwedyk, robert whetter the interior oF the event hall. structural (superstructure) Fast & epp structural engineers structural (flOats & GanGways) all-span engineering and construction ltd. crucially, the project has a good, tight feel—the Mechanical stantec consulting ltd. electrical cobalt engineering sense that space is modulated with careful civil p.s. turje & associates ltd. builder (superstructure) kindred construction ltd. precision and economy, with a focus on the builder (flOatinG structure) international marine Floata- tion systems inc. highest possible efficiency—much like the design cOde cOnsultant gage-babcock and associates ltd. GeOtechnical cOnsultant trow associates inc. of an Olympic-calibre racing scull. ca Marine cOnsultant westmar consultants inc. area 1,920 m2 budGet $3.985 m cOMpletiOn june 2007 Adele Weder is an architectural critic and curator based in British Columbia. 12 12 10 10 2 9 11 7 1 5 9 6 5 4 8 11 16 3 15 15 14 13 upper floor 19 20 17 17 18 21 4 15 lower floor 0 10M 1 event hall 8 administration 15 gangway 2 alumni lounge 9 athlete lounge 16 entry balcony 3 kitchen 10 coaching office 17 boat bay 4 storage 11 changing room 18 mechanical room 5 entry vestibule 12 viewing deck 19 launching docks 6 flexible enclosed link 13 main entry pier 20 dragon boats 7 viewing gallery 14 boat-loading pier 21 coach boat dock fraser river (Middle arM) 15 2 12 13 3 1 17 19 existing river road rip rap dyke public trail parking Middle arM park river roadsite plan 0 50M longitudinal section 0 10M20 canadian architect 02/09
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    • at the crossroadsa new regional health centre rethinks The provision of adequate health care remains a high priority for Canadians.the idea of patient care and connection But despite the billions of dollars being spent on new hospital facilities, theto the community. expedient process of building hospitals is resulting in mediocre architecture that responds only to bureaucratic design guidelines established by provin­proJect Peterborough regional health Centre, Peterborough, cial governments. This process rarely addresses the less tangible but no lessontarioarchitect StanteC arChiteCture ltd. important characteristics of “pride of place” and “community.” Fortunately,teXt ian Chodikoff there are a few notable exceptions, such as the recently completed Peterbor­photos riChard JohnSon ough Regional Health Centre, a project led by Michael Moxam of Stantec’s Toronto office. Awarded to Moxam’s firm in 2000, the $205­million, 715,000­square­foot health facility was completed in August 2008. Built adjacent to the existing hospital, the 494­bed acute­care facility is nearly three times the size of the original facility. Moxam, who has also designed22 canadian architect 02/09
    • health­care facilities in Chatham, Toronto and Ottawa, is becoming increas­ opposite one of many delightful CourtyardS SCattered through-ingly well known as an expert in designing forward­thinking health­care out the hoSPital. theSe outdoor SPaCeS orient Staff andcommunities. His firm, along with Kuwabara Payne McKenna Blumberg PatientS by eStabliShing a viSual ConneCtion to the outdoorS and to other ProgrammatiC elementS in the faCility. aBoVe theArchitects, recently won a 2008 Canadian Architect Award of Excellence for main entry to the hoSPital iS deSigned to Convey the feel of atheir thorough design strategy for Bridgepoint Health, a complex health­care Community Centre, rather than an inStitutional building.facility and urban regeneration project just east of Toronto’s Don River. Located about 90 minutes northeast of Toronto, the city of Peterborough cover communities with names such as Fowlers Corners, Precious Corners or(pop. 75,000) is situated in the picturesque Kawartha Region, an area charac­ Mathers Corners. In addition to its agricultural roots, Peterborough has aterized by sublime views overlooking rolling hills, lakes and marshland. Peter­ strong connection to both the Ottonabee River and the Trent­Severn Water­borough, like many other communities within the Kawarthas, evolved from way. Consequently, numerous bridges have been built in the region, the mostthe establishment of rural crossroads or “corners” used by the agricultural or famous of which arguably remains the Faryon Bridge (1969) designed for thedairy farmers in the region. Driving through the area today, one can still dis­ original Trent University campus by Ron Thom and Morden Yolles. 02/09 canadian architect 23
    • Located west of the downtown core, the 39­acre hospital site overlooks the city of Peterborough. The main access to the site is through a ring road from the east, where the slope drops a height of 20 metres from end to end. The site’s topography is used to break down the mass of the building and to establish an appropriate community scale to the facility, thereby providing multi­level entrances fostering numerous public connections to the area, such as the surrounding single­family residential neighbourhoods to the north, west and south. Neighbours to the east include a nursing home, an apartment building, a medical clinic, a health­service building, and a synagogue. Because housing mostly surrounds the site, neighbours were concerned that the buildings were going to be too tall. In actual fact, the new hospital is lower in height than the pre­existing facility. The program for the Peterborough Regional Health Centre includes a full­service health­care facility offering diagnostic and treatment facili­ ties including rehabilitation, intensive care, emergency services, surgical services, ambulatory care and support services. The building itself is clad using a mix of locally quarried stone, red clay brick with steel channel inserts, and corrugated metal siding to reflect the rich industrial and agricultural traditions of the region. The design also includes numerous courtyards and roof gar­ dens that de­institutionalize the feel of the facil­ ity while improving users’ orientation through a variety of visual experiences. The lake, the rocky outcroppings and the city’s historical connection to the idea of the crossroads influenced Moxam’s approach early on in the design process. The “crossroads” metaphor is largely achieved by the intersection of two main axes that converge in ways that are visible from many vantage points throughout the hospital. An east­west path establishes a main entrance and the central lobby space is defined by a wall of locally quarried stone. Visitors can reconnect with the Kawartha landscape as they pass through the fully glazed lobby wall that faces east, offering wonderful panoramic views overlooking the city. The north­south axis comprises the prime circu­ lation spine on all six levels of the hospital. To heighten the sense of crossroads, several interior courtyards help punctuate the building mass while bringing natural light deep into the building. Applying Moxam’s “bridges” metaphor, the north­south axis through the new hospital passes through the internal courtyards and overlooks some of the public spaces below. In keeping with the intention to bring in nat­ ural daylight wherever possible, large expanses of aBoVe, top to Bottom Situated adJaCent to a light-filled library and aCCented with natural glazing—both clear and fritted—are used to con­ materialS like Cedar and quarried Stone, the main reCePtion area iS both warm and nect patients, families, visitors and staff to the inviting; one of the many “CroSSroadS” or CirCulation interSeCtionS; in the Cafe- Peterborough community, creating a lively teria, a viSual ConneCtion to the kawartha landSCaPe iS aChieved through roof rehabilitative hospital environment. In the clinic­ deCkS and PanoramiC viewS. al program areas where patient visits are frequent24 canadian architect 02/09
    • or lengthy, panoramic views of the ever­changing landscape in the Kawar­ clockwise from top left many of the hoSPital roomS inCorPoratethas are provided through large windows. The spectacular colours of the lowered window SillS for the benefit of PatientS; funCtionalregion’s trees during the fall season were the design inspiration for the col­ imProvementS in the Patient roomS inClude monitoring, Com- muniCation, and other wayS in whiCh doCtorS and Staffoured glass elements that punctuate the glazed enclosure surrounding the Can imProve Patient Care; the main lobby atrium PermitS a viSualcommunity courtyards. This leaf­inspired colour scheme can be found else­ ConneCtion between adminiStrative, mediCal and viSitor-where in the hospital, such as the inpatient and public areas, the cafeteria, related aCtivitieS; the generouSly dimenSioned CirCulationcourtyard and library spaces. To add warmth to the materiality of the facility, SPineS of the hoSPital are fully glazed, Providing PatientS andcedar slats were used to clad the underside of overhangs and some of the Staff with viewS to the outdoorS along with the benefitS of natural daylight.ceilings in the public areas. In addition to being a hospital, this new facility also needed to incorpor­ And since much of this charity work and philanthropy is health­related, itate community facilities to host meetings. Moxam claims that on a per cap­ comes as no surprise that the Peterborough Regional Health Centre neededita basis, Peterborough raises more money than any other city in Ontario. to accommodate local groups and community associations. The efficacy of 02/09 canadian architect 25
    • 1 main entrance 14 10 2 emergency entrance 3 rehab entrance 4 mental health entrance 5 service entrance 36 2 28 27 3 LeveL 6 1 10 10 5 4 34 16 17 21 19 LeveL 5site plan 10 10 5 26 34 30 34 4 2 33 18 6 32 1 24 LeveL 4 9 15 9 34 2 20 23 21 25 33 LeveL 3 3 3 3 3 12 13 3 11 13 3 3 3 7 37 22 22 35 29 35 31 LeveL 226 canadian architect 02/09
    • Mechanical Pharmacy Ambulatory Medical Inpatient Diagnostic Imaging Complex Continuing Care Materials Management Mental HealthSection inSPired by loCal arChiteCtural traditionS, opposite, middle and Bottom wood, Stone, Corrugated metal and Steel ChannelS Provide a riCh material Palette in Several areaS of the hoSPital. right inSPired by the fall ColourS of the kawartha landSCaPe, Coloured glaSS helPS define one of the hoSPital’S many CirCulation inter- SeCtionS. client Peterborough regional health Centre interiors StanteC arChiteCture ltd. architect team miChael moxam (ProJeCt PrinCi- costing marShall & murray inC. Pal/deSign PrinCiPal), norm Crone (health-Care code consultant larden muniak ConSulting Planning PrinCiPal), StePhen PhilliPS (SuPPort inC. ProJeCt PrinCiPal), anthony Cho (ProJeCt mana- facility programmers agnew PeCkham & ger), eugene Chumakov (deSigner), george aSSoCiateS ltd. bitSakakiS, liSa gregg, ko van klaveren, kevin Building enVelope brook van dalen & Plant, tommy ong, norma angel, terenCe tam, aSSoCiateS limited StaCy fleming, gordon martyShuk, ChriStine acoustics aerCouStiCS engineering limited andrewS, grant maCeaCheron roof morriSon herShfield structural CarrutherS & wallaCe (a trow contractor elliSdon CorP. ComPany) area 715,000 ft2 mechanical/electrical h.h. anguS ltd. Budget $205 m ciVil d.m. williS aSSoCiateS ltd. completion auguSt 2008 landscape baSterfield & aSSoCiateS landSCaPe arChiteCtShospital administration is another programmatic challenge that the Stantec noise in the patient wards and a more efficient means of monitoring patientdesign team addressed, resulting in the positioning of the main executive progress. Because of this new technology, the Stantec team introduced newboardroom near a highly public area. This was motivated by a desire for the ways in which visual connections could be broadened to create a morehospital to exist as a true community centre for Peterborough, one where a patient­ and staff­friendly hospital environment. Simple modifications ofgreater perception of transparency is expected from a modern­day public the typical nursing station have been achieved to provide views in multipleinstitution. directions. For a typical inpatient room, floor­to­ceiling windows were The complex and demanding programmatic requirements also meant that installed adjacent to the patients’ beds to give them enhanced views of thethe Stantec design team broke up into a variety of smaller teams covering outside world, without compromising the efficiency of the hospital roomthe broad challenges of intensive­ and complex­care units, public space, layout.and food services. Various consultants joined the project team to offer their The Peterborough Regional Health Centre was the last to use the tradition­own specific expertise. The necessity of testing the level of design efficacy al Ministry of Health delivery system. The hospital was built using the largestand programmatic resolution meant that the architects needed to build a stipulated­sum contract for a hospital that construction company EllisDonfull­scale nursing station in the basement of the pre­existing hospital. This ever undertook. To guide the design and construction process along, Stantecis the first time that Stantec had done anything like this for a hospital client, went through a lot of rigorous exercises to ensure that the design integritybut the mock­up was necessary to ensure that the stakeholders’ objectives was kept intact. By the time the hospital officially opened, few compromiseswere met. The mock­up was also indispensable in testing new technological had to be made, and certainly, the importance of maintaining critical vistasinnovations in nursing and health care with the architects’ new designs. For to the exterior as well as the architectural concepts of the “bridge” andexample, ubiquitous hospital communication and monitoring devices like “crossroads” were preserved. In one instance, Moxam had to argue for extra­the traditional squawk boxes installed above patients’ beds have been re­ wide corridors, which initially contravened the Ministry of Health’s tightplaced by newer generations of equipment, resulting in reduced ambient space requirements for health­care facilities. Nevertheless, the request was eventually allowed, and for the betterment of the project. 1 main entranCe 14 26 2 PubliC lobby 15 maternity CritiCal-Care reSPiratory ServiCeS 27 CardiaC Catheterization PharmaCy This new health­care facility illustrates the importance of designing 3 Courtyard 4 library 16 17 Surgery day Surgery & ambulatory 28 29 laboratory Sterile ProCeSSing high­calibre architecture for a smaller urban centre. The Peterborough 5 Cafeteria 6 admitting 18 ProCedureS ambulatory ServiCeS 30 31 kitChen nutrition ServiCeS Regional Health Centre has the warmth and appeal of a community centre, 7 multi-faith Centre 19 dialySiS 32 health reCordS and it includes important design features that help both hospital patients 8 mental health inPatient (level 1) 20 emergenCy 33 Staff faCilitieS/ServiCeS 9 mediCal inPatient 21 diagnoStiC imaging 34 offiCeS and staff to remain connected to Peterborough and the surrounding land­10 SurgiCal inPatient 22 rehabilitation theraPy 35 materialS management11 rehabilitation inPatient 23 orthoPaediCS 36 information teChnology scape. We can only hope that more hospitals like this will continue to be12 Palliative Care inPatient 24 onCology 37 morgue13 ComPlex Continuing Care 25 breaSt aSSeSSment built in the future. ca 02/09 canadian architect 27
    • If Your Customers Have Entran II Radiant Heating, They Could be Entitled to Cash Payments from a $324 Million Settlement There is a $324 million settlement to pay homeowners for claims related to defective hose used in radiant heating and snow melting systems. The hose, called Entran II, was also known as Twintran, Nytrace, Entran II Trace, Entran II Wire, Entran 2, Entran 2 Trace, and Entran 2 Wire. Claim payments vary depending upon the extent of the property damage and the type of installation, for example, in-slab or staple up. The maximum amount payable to any Claimant will be determined by multiplying the square footage of a floor area heated with a particular type of installation by the predetermined costs per square foot of remediating the system. Claimants who have or had severe property damage due to leaks in their systems could receive up to 50% or more of their maximum claim. Claimants who have or had less severe property damages including corrosion or other problems could receive up to 30% or more of their maximum claim. Homeowners who have Entran II hose but have not suffered damage may also file a claim. Contact your customers to notify them of the benefits of this settlement and to assist them with their remediation. The deadline for filing claims is November 19, 2009. Only customers who file a claim by that date can receive a cash payment. For More Information Visit: www.entraniisettlement.com Call: 1-800-254-9222 or Write: Entran II Claims Administrator, P.O. Box 24, Minneapolis, MN 55440-0024 CirCle reply Card 23p28 Entran Ad.indd 28 1/28/09 2:57:50 PM
    • CirCle reply Card 24Durabond_v1_CanadianArchitect.indd 1 4/22/08 4:42:51 PM
    • practiceWOrKinG SMarterAn overview of net fees, lAbour And utilizAtion rAtes cAn improveyour prActice’s profitAbility And efficiency.text rick linleyThe profession of architecture has become a commodity in the minds of going. The multiplier is calculated simply as Net Fee ÷ Direct Labour.many, weakening the profession as a whole. If architecture is to have a sig- Overhead is the second major expense category. It is the cost of all othernificant impact on society and the environment, the profession must be aspects of running the practice. Overhead expenses include occupancy costsstronger. And the path to a strong profession runs through the business (rent, heat, power, etc.), benefit costs (statutory holidays, dental plans,engine of individual practices. Unfortunately, the business engine of pro- etc.), consultants (legal, accounting, etc.), office equipment (hardware,fessional firms is widely misunderstood, and its misuse or neglect by prac- software, copiers, plotters, etc.), promotional costs, taxes, and indirecttice leaders is a limiting factor in building stronger, more influential organ- labour. The overhead rate is used to measure how effectively all of yourizations. The current state of the economy may provide firms with a unique overhead resources are being deployed. The OH rate is simply Overheadopportunity to optimize practice. Expenses ÷ Direct Labour. Profitability is a key driver of influence for the profession. It is not the The single largest component of overhead is indirect labour, which is theonly requirement but without profit, firms cannot be strong and influential cost of paying you and your staff for all non-billable hours. Indirect labouron a sustainable basis. Profit = Net Fee - Expenses. That’s the business can amount to approximately 40-50% of all overhead costs. Indirect labourengine. Let’s take a hypothetical firm as shown in Figure 1 to explain the typically includes hours spent by project personnel who are between tasksparts of the business engine in more detail. or between projects. It also represents the majority of hours logged by sup- Figure 1 shows the three-year average results of a firm of 12 personnel. port personnel such as marketing, office administration, accounting, etc.Net fees are the starting point. The net fees exclude consultants and other Since indirect labour is the largest component of overhead, it is measureddirect expenses such as check-sets, plots, and other non-reimbursables. separately. This measurement is known as the utilization rate. This is anNet fees also exclude reimbursable expenses such as travel, printing, per- indicator of how much time your staff is being deployed on billable work.mits and other expenses paid on behalf of the client. Net fees are what the The utilization rate is akin to a tachometer in that it indicates how hot youfirm has to work with after all these flow-through expenses are taken into are running. The utilization rate is Direct Labour ÷ Total Labour.account. Net fee is your fuel gauge. Work in process and fee backlog define PSMJ Resources Inc. is one of several well-known A/E consulting firmshow much fuel you have in the tank. The quality of those fees is also critical. that track key indicators in the industry. PSMJ’s survey provides bench-If fee quality is poor, the chances of arriving at your profit destination are marks for key indicators. The median values taken from the 2007 surveyseverely compromised. were as follows: Direct labour is the first of two major expense categories. It is the rawcost of all the billable hours for you and your staff. It excludes personnel • Net Fees per Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) $118,126expenses such as dental, statutory holidays, CPP, EI, and other mandatory • Multiplier 3.09or customary benefits. Direct labour effectiveness is measured by the • Overhead Rate 1.60multiplier. The multiplier is like your speedometer. It is an indicator of how • Utilization Rate 60%efficiently you are employing direct labour and it tells you how fast you are • Profitability 15% FTEs No. U Factor Total Labour Direct Labour 3-Year Average % NF Reception/Admin. 1 0% $ 25,000 $ — Net Fee $ 1,000,000 100% Office Manager 2 6% $ 32,000 $ 1,920 Expenses Intern II 3 90% $ 30,000 $ 27,000 Direct Labour @ 2.60 multiplier $384,615 38.5% Intern III 4 90% $ 34,000 $ 30,600 Overhead @ 1.50 OH Rate $576,923 57.7% Architect I 5 85% $ 36,000 $ 30,600 Subtotal Expenses $ 961,538 96.2% Architect I 6 85% $ 40,000 $ 34,000 Operating Profit (before bonus and taxes) $ 38,462 3.8% Architect II 7 85% $ 46,000 $ 39,100 Architect III 8 85% $ 52,000 $ 44,200 Other Metrics Technologist II 9 90% $ 45,000 $ 40,500 Net Fee/FTE @ 12.0 FTEs $ 83,333 Technologist III 10 87% $ 49,000 $ 42,630 Indirect Labour @ 70% U Rate $164,835 16.5% Jr. Principal (30%) 11 70% $ 70,000 $ 49,000 Total Labour $ $549,451 54.9% Sr. Principal (70%) 12 50% $ 90,000 $ 45,000 Avg. comp./FTE $ 45,788 Total 70% $ 546,000 $ 384,550 $ 45,750 avg. comp.FiGure 1 FiGure 230 canadian architect 02/09
    • With an understanding of the business engine and the key metrics, you Optimization is not a linear process. Net fees, direct labour and overheadare able to make both strategic and day-to-day decisions about how to oper- must be optimized simultaneously, but the highest leverage place to startate your practice more effectively. You only have three adjustments at your optimizing is by critically reviewing the quality of this firm’s net fees.disposal—net fee, direct labour, and overhead. Each firm has unique goals Net-fee quality is more important than quantity. It does not make anyreflected in its mission, vision and values. The net fee, direct labour and sense to take on more fees and the risk associated with those fees unless itoverhead targets you set for your practice must be aligned with your goals. can be done more profitably. Although it may seem counterintuitive, the Let’s take another look at the hypothetical firm to explore optimization most effective way to optimize is to reduce fees in the short term by walkingoptions. Let’s assume that this firm has decided to reposition itself as a away from unprofitable clients. Our current economic situation may help toleader in two specific building types within a four-hour driving radius of its facilitate these decisions. Once the quality of net fees is stabilized, this firmcurrent location. It recognizes that it will need to change aspects of all three can consider increasing the quantity of revenue by increasing its serviceareas to ensure its goals are met. offering, diversifying its areas of specialty, expanding geographically, or a The best place to start is with a labour analysis of this firm as shown in myriad of other strategies. Figure 3 shows the impact of actually reducingFigure 2. The firm currently has 12 staff including two principals. Figure 2 net fees but increasing fee quality. Note the increase in multiplier as a resultshows that the utilization rate for the firm is currently 70%. This is signifi- of focusing on higher-margin work.cantly higher than a median firm in the PSMJ survey and likely means that After net fee, the next best place to optimize is direct labour as measuredthe firm is running too hot. Running hot could mean investments in this by the multiplier. Strategies include reducing staff count, outsourcing,firm’s future such as professional development and marketing are running changing the skills mix, introducing improved design, technical and projectbehind, principals may be spending excessive time on non-strategic tasks, management methodologies, improving information technology infrastruc-staff may be overworked which can lead to disgruntled clients, not to men- ture, and a myriad of other possible operational interventions. If directtion high staff turnover. Another aspect of this firm is that the average sal- labour is optimized it makes sense to also increase fee quantity as long asary for principals and staff is quite low. In fact, the junior principal in this fee quality is not compromised.firm may be asking himself/herself if these new responsibilities are a rea- The third and final place to optimize is overhead. Optimizing overhead issonable risk/reward balance. not just about reducing costs—in some cases increased costs may be war- Referring back to Figure 1 reveals that in addition to low compensation ranted. Utilization is the first place to start. Again it may seem counterintui-and high utilization, there is very little profit for the principals to share. tive, but this firm should increase its non-billable hours so that more timeThis also means very little in the way of staff bonuses, growth potential, can be invested in business development to generate higher-quality fees. Inrainy-day funds, and return on investment. With profitability of 3.8% this addition, training and professional development should receive investmenthypothetical firm is underperforming. Thin margins may also mean that funds so that projects can be delivered more efficiently and with highercash flow is a problem. Our hypothetical firm is most likely a weak practice value to clients. Other expenses that warrant a review are variable and fixedthat has very little influence in its community. costs such as benefits, rent, office equipment, IT, etc. % NF % NF Net Fee $ 925,000 100% Net Fee $ 1,000,000 100% Expenses Expenses Direct Labour @ 2.65 multiplier $349,057 37.7% Direct Labour @ 2.80 multiplier $357,143 35.7% Overhead @ 1.52 OH Rate $530,566 57.4% Overhead @ 1.50 OH Rate $535,714 53.6% Subtotal Expenses $ 879,623 95.1% Subtotal Expenses $ 892,857 89.3% Operating Profit (before bonus and taxes) $ 45,377 4.9% Operating Profit (before bonus and taxes) $ 107,143 10.7% Other Metrics Other Metrics Net Fee/FTE @ 11.0 FTEs $ 84,091 Net Fee/FTE @ 11.0 FTEs $ 90,909 Indirect Labour @ 69% U Rate $156,823 17.0% Indirect Labour @ 65% U Rate $192,308 19.2% Total Labour $ $505,879 54.7% Total Labour $ $549,451 54.9% Avg. comp./FTE $ 45,989 Avg. comp./FTE $ 49,950 FiGure 3 FiGure 4 02/09 canadian architect 31
    • CA FTEs No. U Factor Total Labour Direct Labour % NF Reception/Admin. 1 10% $ 27,000 $ 2,700 Net Fee $ 1,100,000 100% Office Manager 2 0% $ 46,000 $ — Expenses Intern II 3 95% $ 35,000 $ 33,250 Direct Labour @ 2.88 multiplier $381,944 34.7% Intern III 4 95% $ 40,000 $ 38,000 Overhead @ 1.45 OH Rate $553,819 50.3% Architect I 5 95% $ 45,000 $ 42,750 Subtotal Expenses $ 935,764 85.1% Architect II 6 80% $ 52,000 $ 41,600 Operating Profit (before bonus and taxes) $ 164,236 14.9% Architect III 7 70% $ 65,000 $ 45,500 Technologist II 8 95% $ 50,000 $ 47,500 Other Metrics Technologist III 9 90% $ 58,000 $ 52,200 Net Fee/FTE @ 11.0 FTEs $100,000 Jr. Principal (30%) 10 50% $ 85,000 $ 42,500 Indirect Labour @ 64% U Rate $214,844 19.5% Sr. Principal (70%) 11 40% $ 100,000 $ 40,000 Total Labour $ $596,788 54.3% Total 64% $ 603,000 $ 386,000 Avg. comp./FTE $ 54,253 $ 54,818 avg. comp.FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 Celebrate the Vision and Commitment of the profession with your colleagues at the RAIC, OAQ, AAPPQ Festival of Architecture and Forum, June 17-19 2009 in Montreal Experience the world-class architecture Festival of Architecture of Montreal while enjoying: Continuing Education courses that qualify and Forum for core credits (hours) 60% of all courses will be offered in English Inspiring talks from architects Jan Gehl, Hon FRAIC and Bernardo Gómez- MONTREAL 2009 Pimienta, Hon FRAIC Hilton Montreal Bonaventure | June 17-20 2009 Presentation of Awards and Honours with the top professionals of the year Social activities, tours and networking Trade Show featuring cutting-edge products and services Summer days in cosmopolitain and friendly Montreal, and much more! The Royal L’Institut royal Architectural d’architecture Institute of Canada du Canada For more information, visit festival2009.raic.org32 CANADIAN ARCHITECT 02/09 CIRCLE REPLY CARD 25
    • Canada’s BEST source of environmental risk information for real estateERIS reports include and identify: • Waste disposal sites • PCB storage sites • Spills • Contaminated sites • Fuel storage sites • Nearby industrial facilities Information Services include: Aerial Photographs • City Directory Search • Database Reports Fire Insurance Maps • Property Title Search • Topographic Maps Visit www.eris.ca Call: toll free: 1-877-512-5204 Email: info@eris.ca
    • BooksreVieWed BY LesLie Jen and ian Chodikoff ran from November 2008 to January 2009 in the Royal Ontario Museum, itself one of Toronto’s most highly controversial building projects. the Phaidon atlas of 21st century World architecture By the editors of Phaidon Press. London: Phaidon Press Limited, 2008. Embarking on a world tour of buildings beyond the de rigueur visit to Ronchamp or an all­inclu­ sive package tour of Herzog & de Meuron’s great­ est hits is likely impractical—especially if it’s done all in one shot. After all, it’s expensive and time­ consuming to trot the globe on an architectural pilgrimage seeking the masterpieces of the designUnbuilt toronto: a history of the city that by the underwhelming Nathan Phillips Square. world’s rock stars. Fear not, for Phaidon’s latestMight have Been Federal Avenue was ultimately and stupidly mammoth offering will more than make up for it.By Mark osbaldeston. Toronto: dundurn Press, 2008. thwarted by the City’s issuance of permits Following their 2004 effort The Phaidon Atlas of allowing the construction of two buildings on Contemporary World Architecture, the equally heftyLiving in Toronto is a bit like buying your gro­ land which was intended for the boulevard. But The Phaidon Atlas of 21st Century World Architectureceries at Price Chopper; you might get what you in 1929, the resurrection of Federal Avenue in distinguishes itself from its predecessor withabsolutely need, but the overall experience is a the form of Cambrai Avenue was accompanied by over 90% new buildings completed since 2000.relatively joyless exercise. That Toronto is so the presence of Vimy Circle, from which several The images in this book will make you weak inmuch less than the sum of its parts can be significant axial conduits would have radiated. the knees: 4,600 gorgeous colour photographs ofpartially explained by Mark Osbaldeston’s With a memorial to Canada’s war dead in its 1,037 buildings by 653 architects from 89Unbuilt Toronto: A History of the City That Might centre, Vimy Circle would have been Toronto’s countries are grouped into the six geographicalHave Been, an impressively researched explo­ greatest monumental public space. We are wit­ regions of Oceania, Asia, Europe, Africa, Northration of dozens of never­realized architectural ness to the power of such masterfully conceived America and South America. Buildings featuredand master­planning projects intended for the moments in stunning drawings provided by the range from single­family residences to inter­city. Spanning two centuries, the projects include City of Toronto Archives, and in them we see national airports, railway stations to art galleriesroads and highways, transit systems, towering traces of grandeur from our collective memory of and museums. The striated cladding of Foreignskyscrapers and civic buildings that, if built, other cities, other continents. We are tortured by Office Architects’ Carabanchel Housing inwould have undoubtedly given shape to a very the prospect of what could have been. Madrid titillates, the highly kinetic and graphi­different city than the one we know today. The waterfront is probably Toronto’s most cally arresting Keith Haring Art Museum in Surprisingly, Osbaldeston is not a trained hotly contested urban design issue in present day, Japan’s Yamanashi Prefecture inspires, and thearchitect or planner—but is, in fact, a lawyer for and perhaps it’s not surprising that the debate expansive, simple purity of the Shark Alley Housethe Ministry of Finance, with a background in began as far back as the 1850s, when legislation on New Zealand’s Great Barrier Island soothes.municipal and land development law. His permitting the construction of railway tracks This is not just a glossy coffee­table tome topassion for the history of Toronto is clear in this shattered the dream of a waterfront esplanade. impress your friends: specific information valu­endeavour, and the numerous maps, historical Over 100 years later, in 1968, Buckminster Fuller able to architects is provided, such as client, costphotographs, and evocative drawings contribute threw his hat in the ring with Project Toronto, in and geographical coordinates. Moreover, thou­to a highly compelling read. which he proposed a 3,000­foot enclosed galleria sands of plans, sections and maps offer a level of Certainly, we can be thankful that some of flanking University Avenue, linking King Street to detail that architects seek, along with fascinatingthese schemes were never carried out, such as the the waterfront, next to a 400­foot Crystal Pyramid graphic data on carbon footprints by country andSpadina/Scarborough Expressway, which would and a Gateway Tower—all of which would have climate change, construction growth and nationalhave unequivocally scarred the city, decimating given Toronto a much­needed global identity. wealth, and global population densities relativemany vital neighbourhoods and the natural Ideally, this book will give necessary perspec­ to the location of featured projects. Fleshing outravine landscape. But at other times, we can only tive to the bureaucrats, planners and architects and giving greater context to the work are shortmuse wistfully over some of the projects that who contribute to the evolving form of the city. essays accompanying each of the projects—which,would have been utterly transformative, facilitat­ One hopes that Unbuilt Toronto will inspire a incidentally, are designed by both emerginging the creation of a Toronto that could rightfully sustained collective vision that will ameliorate a practitioners and seasoned veterans with decadesbe called a world­class city. Toronto that at times seems nothing more than of practice under their belts. Take, for example, Federal Avenue, a scheme an amateurish aggregation of merely “good­ Considering the bang for the buck, it’s worthinitiated around the end of the 19th century, in enough” interventions. LJ every penny of the substantial $225 list price. Anwhich a grand European­style boulevard would added bonus: repeated lifting of the 14.5­poundhave linked Union Station to a formal civic A companion exhibition to Unbuilt Toronto was volume will supplement your New Year’s resolu­square on Queen Street—a site currently occupied organized by the Toronto Society of Architects, which tion cardio workout. LJ34 canadian architect 02/09
    • ProdUct & LiteratUre shoWcase Permacon Versailles® stone,hto: toronto’s Water from Lake iroquois to Lost rivers to the ideal solutionLow-Flow toilets Easily available, economical & durable.edited by Wayne Reeves and Christina Palassio. Toronto: Coach house Books, Versailles® Stone allows for the construction of buildings to become2008. trendsetters of great architectural projects. It is offered in a variety ofDespite the manipulation of eco­systems to accommodate our growing cities, colours, shapes and finishes to easilythe rivers that exist beneath the morass of urbanity can never entirely dis­ match your work of art. Whether it hasappear. This recent publication contains 34 essays to delight the reader, with been used for institutional buildings, upscale condominiums or for com-stories about Toronto’s natural systems and man­made infrastructure per­ mercial properties, Versailles® Stonetaining to the provision, purification and protection of its water. Reading has become part of the architecturalabout watersheds has never been so engaging! This book, divided into four heritage.sections (foundations, transformation, explorations and directions), loosely WWW.PERMACON.CAtraces a narrative from the prehistoric era to the founding of the Town of circLe rePLY card 101York in 1793, and from the destructive powers of Hurricane Hazel in 1954 tocurrent waterfront and riparian management policies. Multiconnect The story of Toronto’s water begins with Ed Freeman’s article on the city’s A completely flush in-slab or poke-geological origins and continues with Nick Eyles’ article on the city’s various through floor outlet, which providesravines, lagoons, cliffs and spits, describing the history of the city from the access to power, voice and data. The Multiconnect outlet is ideal for appli-Laurentide Ice Sheet 25,000 years ago to the eventual formation of our Great cations where floor space must beLakes. Other transformations have been caused by civilization. As outlined unobstructed by a raised object. Thein Chris Hardwicke and Wayne Reeves’ essay, the alterations to Toronto’s attractive appearance and innovativeLake Ontario shoreline, especially over the past 200 years, repeatedly in­ design allows for maximum flexibilityvolved lake­filling and the concretization of the waterfront—a situation that and functionality. Multiconnect is a cost effective solution providing easeis only now beginning to be addressed with any serious intent. of installation and maximum space As the city grew, deforestation, pollution and sprawl ensued, while issues flexibility. Multiconnect is availableof public health, safe drinking water and adequate sewage treatment re­ in a variety of configurations andmained significant challenges. Mahesh Patel’s article describes how the city finishes.has improved the health of its citizenry over decades, after periods of typhoid circLe rePLY card 102 www.nocom.ca (888) 225-2478and cholera. During the glory years of improving public health—the late1920s and ’30s—Toronto built modern water­purification plants, notably the turning up the heatR.C. Harris Water Treatment Plant which opened in 1938. It was a veritable Mitsubishi Electric has taken heating“palace of purification” that continues to inspire Torontonians with its to a whole new level with our exclu-ambitious architecture. Other essays describe some of the painful side sive Hyper Heat Inverter technology. Even when outdoor temperatures dropeffects of urbanization, like Gary Miedema’s article on the early river mills of to –25°C—a challenge for typicalToronto. These mills were responsible for the development of communities heat pump systems—the City Multi H2ilike Malvern, Hogg’s Hollow and York Mills but they also contributed to de­ system stays on the job, working effi-forestation and flash floods. And when Toronto became a large coal­burning ciently to keep the indoor environmentcity in the 1850s, its ravines and valleys would make for convenient disposal consistently comfortable.sites that lay beneath many apartment buildings, houses and schools today. This book is a poignant reminder to any city­dweller of the cultural,historical and environmental importance of fresh water, public health, lakes,rivers and streams to any urban system. ic circLe rePLY card 103 new Ultrabond ECO 360 designed for rolling loads MAPEI’s new hard-setting, latex Noise, Vibration adhesive is specifically designed for and Acoustics homogenous sheet vinyl applications that are subject to heavy-duty rolling Consulting Engineers loads. 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    • calendarEnzo Mari Louis I. Kahn: The Making of liquidated architecture technology, new and prospectiveJanuary 15-February 22, 2009 This a Room February 26, 2009 Damon Rich deliv­ regulatory policies, and other criti­exhibition at the Cambridge Galler­ February 7-March 29, 2009 This exhi­ ers this lecture at 7:00pm in the cal issues affecting contaminatedies, Design at Riverside encompass­ bition—organized around Kahn’s Paul Desmarais Theatre at the Cana­ site restoration.es industrial, graphic and furniture proclamation that “architecture dian Centre for Architecture in www.remtec09.comdesign, and is an homage to Italian comes from the making of a room”— Montreal. Admission is free.design legend Enzo Mari. The show is on display at the University of augmented landscapesincludes 60 designs from his pro­ Pennsylvania’s Arthur Ross Gallery, Surface image March 12, 2009 Mark Smout oflific career, including products from and explores Kahn’s concept of March 2, 2009 Torben Berns, Planet­ Smout Allen Architectural DesignItalian and Japanese manufacturers the room as the building block of ary Society Visiting Professor in Research in London delivers thissuch as seating, kitchen utensils, architecture. Architecture, delivers this lecture at lecture at 6:30pm at the Universityoffice accessories, children’s games www.upenn.edu/ARG 6:00pm in Room G10 of the Mac­ of Waterloo School of Architectureand graphics. donald­Harrington Building at in Cambridge.www.cambridgegalleries.ca Building Storeys: A Photo McGill University in Montreal. Exhibit of Toronto’s Aging 49 citiesWes Jones: Works from Spaces land/Scape/architecture March 17, 2009 Amale Andraos andEl Segundo February 17-22, 2009 A collaborative March 3, 2009 Eelco Hooftman of Dan Wood of New York’s Work ACJanuary 22-April 25, 2009 This exhibi­ effort by Heritage Toronto and GROSS. MAX in Edinburgh delivers deliver this lecture at 6:30pm intion focusing on the practice of Wes members of Toronto’s Shadow this lecture at 6:30pm in Room 103 Room 103 of the John H. DanielsJones, the Frank Gehry Internation­ Collective, this exhibition at the of the John H. Daniels Faculty of Faculty of Architecture, Landscapeal Visiting Chair in Architectural Gladstone Hotel in Toronto is a Architecture, Landscape and Design and Design at the University ofDesign, takes place at the Eric visual documentation and anec­ at the University of Toronto. Toronto.Arthur Gallery at the John H. Dan­ dotal exhibit of 14 of the city’siels Faculty of Architecture, Land­ cherished—and in some cases, remtec ‘09: remediation For more inFormation about these, and additional list-scape and Design, University of somewhat unknown—heritage technology Summit ings oF Canadian and inter-Toronto. Projects selected explore buildings and sites. March 3-5, 2009 This forum takes national events, please visitfuture possibilities for single­ and www.heritagetoronto.org place in Atlanta, and covers advan­ www.canadianarchitect.commulti­unit housing. ces in remediation science and circle reply card 27 02/09­ canadian architect 37
    • Backpagea Man fOr all SeaSOnSh. Peter Oberlander was a suPPOrter Of architecture and urbanism in canada.his cOmmunity, POlitical and ciVic engagement was an insPiratiOn tO eVeryOne.teXt the Oberlander family CM, FASLA, FCSLA, LLD (Hon) brought many collaborative projects and a life filled with travel to the great cities of the world. A series of firsts marked a distinguished career: co­founding the Lower Mainland Regional Planning Board (now Metro Vancouver) (1952); launching Canada’s first professional program in Community and Regional Planning at UBC (1960); initiating Canada’s Ministry of State for Urban Affairs as its inaugural Deputy Minister (1970); co­founding the United Nations Con­ ference on Human Settlements (Habitat I) held in Vancouver and establishing the Centre for Human Settlements, UBC (1976); Senior Advisor and Special Assistant to the United Nations Secretary General (Habitat II) in Istanbul (1996) and the World Urban Forum (Habitat III) in Vancouver (2006). Following his lifelong com­ mitment to the motto of “Ideas into Action,” Peter’s final project was to establish the Habitat Exchange, an online portal and archive of international human settlement resources (www.chs.ubc.ca/archives/). Numerous publications include Houser: the Life of Catherine Bauer (UBC Press 1999, co­authored with Eva Newbrun); Improving Human Settlements (UBC Press 1976, editor); and Land: The Central Human Settlement Issue (UBC Press 1985). aBOVePeter Oberlander and arthur ericksOn at an architectural institute Of british cOl- Oberlander also received numerous awards and umbia (aibc) dinner in VancOuVer in may 2006. honours such as Officer of the Order of Canada (2002); Honorary Doctorate, UBC (1998); Cana­Peter Oberlander, OC , PhD, FRAIC, LLD (Hon) couver’s Granville Island and Toronto’s Harbour­ dian Citizenship Judge (1998 to 2005); Fellowwas an architect, planner, urban advocate, and front as urban cultural places in former industrial of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canadacommitted family man. He lived a life full of zones. Outside the fields of architecture and (RAIC); and a Special Certificate of Recognitionurban adventures from his childhood in Vienna, urban design, Oberlander served as the Chair of from the Architectural Institute of BritishAustria, to his escape to England prior to his the Vancouver School Board and as a board mem­ Columbia (AIBC). In 2008, both he and his wifedeportation to Canada as an “enemy alien” in ber of many local Jewish organizations. Cornelia received the Vancouver Civic Merit1940, to a career devoted to supporting the pro­ He came to Vancouver in 1949 to teach at the Award in recognition of their many contributionsfessions of architecture, planning and landscape University of British Columbia (UBC), initially to Vancouver. His passing in late December at thearchitecture. Upon his release in 1940, he within the School of Architecture, and later estab­ age of 86 marks a turning point in the history ofenrolled in the McGill School of Architecture lishing the UBC School of Community Regional Canadian architecture. ca(BArch 1945) followed by studies at the Harvard Planning. Oberlander inspired hundreds of stu­University Graduate School of Design (MCP 1947, dents locally, nationally and internationally Those wishing to remember Peter Oberlander mayPhD 1956). through his teaching at UBC and through his work choose to make a donation to the following A devoted student of Walter Gropius, Ober­ for the United Nations. In addition to his academ­ Vancouver organizations: Vancouver Jewish Filmlander advocated for Modernism in Canada before ic career, he consulted with Thompson, Berwick Festival Society (www.vjff.org); The Salvation Armyit was popular to do so. He helped stop Vancouver and Pratt, and Downs/Archambault and Partners (www.salvationarmy.ca); BC Cancer Foundationfrom building a massive invasion of freeways, on a wide variety of planning projects. His de­ (www.bccancerfoundation.com); Vancouverwhile leading the way for the federal government voted marriage of over 56 years to celebrated General Hospital and UBC Hospital Foundationto support the design and establishment of Van­ landscape architect Cornelia Hahn Oberlander, (www.worldclasshealthcare.ca).38 canadian architect 02/09
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