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Routes Of Administration Of Medications
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Routes Of Administration Of Medications

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  • 1. Routes of administration of medications MPS 102
  • 2. How are medications administered
    • Oral
    • Topical
    • Inhalation
    • Rectal
    • Vaginal
    • Injection
      • Subcutaneous
      • Intradermal
      • Intramuscular
      • Intravenous
  • 3. Why choose a particular route?
    • Antacid oesophagus/stomach/intestine
    • Topical skin/eye
    • liquid, ointment, cream
    • Vaginal Pessaries; Infection/induction
    • Rectal Haemorrhoid treatment
    • Drops oral/eye/ear
    • Inhalation Liquid/powder
    • e.g. Asthma medication
    For a local effect -- direct effect in particular area
  • 4. Why choose a particular route?
    • For a systemic effect
        • Oral
        • Rectal
        • Topical
        • Intradermal
        • Subcutaneous
        • Intramuscular
        • Intravenous
  • 5. Why choose a particular route?
    • Speed of absorption
      • IV quickest, direct into the circulation
      • Oral may be slow, depends on
        • Preparation
        • Stomach contents.
    • .Duration of effect
      • Oral or intramuscular can be slow release for a more prolonged effect over a period of time.