(Avoider(1 By doing presentations and forgetting the pain of failure Set a target of say, one short presentation per month Take a few risks - copy other peoples techniques that you think work
(Avoider(2 Use a flipchart and practice managing it Dont use an overhead projector until youre more confident Do a joint presentation with a colleague
Resister Practice Often Dont set too high standards Pick issues you care about to present
Accepter Seeking feedback on the quality of presentation. Seeking advice from better presenters Identifying weaknesses Using more advanced techniques in presentation
(Seeker(1 He is generally a good, and confident presenter. there may be a lack of care in preparation
(Seeker(2 He may need some rectifications such: Check overconfidence Have a strong strategic purpose for your presentation Dont rely on his skills only - follow checklists
Rememberoverconfident Seeker is more likely to upset the audience than a presenter with less skills.
Communication & Presentation
non-verbal communication non-verbal communication makes about 50% of your presentation success. It conveys enthusiasm and commitment for a topic you present
non-verbal communication Eye contact Body Control Voice Quality
(A( Eye contact (1 Eye contact is vital for improving your contact with the audience Eye Contact will make The audience feel more engaged and more confident in the presenter.
(Eye contact (2Lack of eye contact will: Distance you from your audience Increase your fear and nervousness Make your audience seem large and impersonal
(Eye contact (3Good Eye Contact will: Make the audience feel more interested Allow the presenter to become more fluent Allow the presenter to get some feedback, e.g. nods, smiles
B( Body Control Body Language is The visual impact you make when you present. Some presenters actually LOOK boring before they have even said a word. You can also convey nervousness very easily by the way you stand.
??How can you Look Lifting your shoulders Slightly dropping your shoulders Thrusting your shoulders back
Avoid Annoying Habits Hands in pockets Constant pointing Playing with a pen Twiddling with a tie
Avoid Annoying Habits Touching your nose Tweaking your ear Scratching your head Pushing your hair back repeatedly Turning a ring on your finger
PracticeGet a friend to video you whilst practicingpart of a presentation and you find out whathabits youve got
Advices Hands should be used actively to reinforce your points manage the movement of your shoulders, body, head and hands. if you are in lectern Lean forward when making a point.
Advices Open your hands by your side when explaining issues When use overhead projector you must move around to handle the transparencies. With Flipchart you must move to and from it.
C( Voice Quality 38% of your impact in presentation comes from the quality of voice Good presenters learn to use the infinite variety of their voices to add emphasis and impact to their presentations
C( Voice Quality It is important that you are heard comfortably from the back practice in an empty room with a colleague at the back (Note when room full of people)
C( Voice Quality Variation in volume is also important You should speak more loudly when you make key points. speak more emphatically than in normal conversation
C( Voice Quality Pause significantly whenever you have made a key point Pause when you have finished covering a step of the argument Add a bit of eye contact to allow the audience to absorb the points you have made
C( Voice QualityRange and Pitch Avoid Monotone record yourself and keep trying until it sounds scary or exciting. The biggest problem is reading from a script
General Tips Train yourself to use :Notes , Prompt cards, Overhead projectorslides, Pre-prepared flipchart and Pre-prepared computer presentation screens.
General Tips Make sure you end words and sentences clearly, pausing between sentences Make sure you emphasize the correct words Make it Memorable
General Tips Managing Your Environment Moving in the room Using equipments(Make sure that the image is square) Test Voice Talk to audience not to visual aids
With Projector Touch Turn Talk
Touch: the part of the visual aid you want the audience to focus on TURN (or raise your head and eyes) to make contact with the audience TALK to your audience
Equipment An inexperienced presenter can often create distractions by managing the equipment badly. Train equipments to: position the equipment correctly concentrate on what you are saying
Equipment A common mistake is to start talking to the visual aid rather than to the audience. The audience wont be able to hear you properly
Handling Questions Questions used to correct misinterpretations and to give additional information . an opportunity to reinforce your presentation
Handling Questions showing a positive approach in your answers and keeping control of the session Allow enough time for questions
7Steps1-Select a person who has a question2. Listen attentively3. Break eye contact4. Rephrase or neutralize the question
5-Answer the question6. Link back to the thrust of the presentation7. Move on
Finishing Presentation Try to finish your presentation attractively as started Use flag for finishing like: "The last thing Id like to say…… Finally…..
Finishing PresentationKeep audience interest by improving your personal delivery skills, When finishing, make sure finally really means finally.
Finishing Presentation summaries what you have said The presenter should ask the audience if they have any questions. Tell how long you are allowing.
Effective Presentation is a complete unit good preparation , understanding your audience and driving your presentation well.