Philippine gods and goddesses


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Philippine gods and goddesses

  1. 1. PHILIPPINE MYTHOLOGY Pantheon of the Gods and Goddesses Mythological Creatures
  2. 2. Philippine mythology is derived from Philippine folk literature, which is the traditional oral literature of the Filipino people. This refers to a wide range of material due to the ethnic mix of the Philippines. Each unique ethnic group has its own stories and myths to tell. Introduction
  3. 3. PHILIPPINE PANTHEON. The stories of ancient Philippine mythology include deities, creation stories, mythical creatures, and beliefs. Ancient Philippine mythology varies among the many indigenous tribes of the Philippines. Some groups during the pre-Spanish conquest era believed in a single Supreme Being who created the world and everything in it, while others chose to worship a multitude of tree and forest deities (diwatas). Diwatas came from the Sanskrit word devata which means "deity", one of the several significant Hindu influences in the Pre- Hispanic religion of the ancient Filipinos. Introduction…
  4. 4. Because the country has many islands and is inhabited by different ethnic groups, Philippine Mythology and superstitions are very diverse. However, certain similarities exist among these groups, such as the belief in Heaven (Kaluwalhatian or Kalangitan), Hell (Impiyerno), and human soul (kaluluwa). Introduction…
  5. 5. The prevalence of belief in the figures of Filipino mythology is strong in the provinces. Many common folk attribute psychological problems to these superstitions and considered significant for psychologists in understanding the Filipino psyche. Introduction…
  6. 6. Before the arrival of the Spaniards and the introduction of Roman Catholicism in the 1500's, the indigenous inhabitants of the Philippines were adherents of a mixture of animism, Hinduism, and Vajrayana Buddhism. Bathala was the supreme God of the Filipinos, represented by the langit, or sky, but not all Filipinos believed in it. The Ninuno, or the ancient ancestors, were the people who taught Filipinos/Tagalogs who will be in the future; they believed in the supreme God. For the Bikolanos, the supreme God was Gugurang. Introduction…
  7. 7. Other Filipino gods and goddesses include araw (sun), buwan (the moon), tala (the stars), and natural objects (such as trees, shrubs, mountains, or rocks). However, they were not the Western kinds of gods and goddesses; they were representations for some Filipinos/Tagalogs; or they were representations as gifts. As the Abrahamic religions began to sweep the islands, most Filipinos became Christians, consequently believing in only one God. Other Filipinos became Muslims, especially in the southern islands of the country such as Mindanao. Introduction…
  8. 8. The famous gods and goddesses of Greek, Roman, Norse, Egyptian, Chinese, and Japanese mythology are the most widespread popular mythology in the world today. These different countries contain different gods and goddesses. Even if Filipino Mythology is not as well-known as the others, they still contain similar elements, such as gods, goddesses, creation stories, mythical creatures and beliefs. Filipino mythology gods and goddesses
  9. 9. PANTHEON of Philippine gods and goddesses (in Alphabetical order)
  10. 10. god of fire; brother of Agwe AGUI
  11. 11. god of waters AGWE
  12. 12. god of the sea, fishing, and seafaring AMAN SINAYA
  13. 13. God of the sea AMANIKABLE
  14. 14. The ill-tempered god of the sea because among of the first generation gods (aside from Bathala), he was never married after his love was spurned by a beautiful mortal maiden, Maganda. In frustration, he swore vengeance against the humans by sending turbulent waves and horrible tempests in order to wreck boats and to drown men AMANIKABLE
  15. 15. the bird who stirred up the waters and the heavens AMIHAN
  17. 17. Anagolay• The goddess of lost things and the only offspring of Lakapati and Mapulon. • She was married to Dumakulem.
  18. 18. goddess of the wind and the rain ANITUN TABU
  19. 19. Anitun Tabu• The fickle-minded goddess of wind and rain. • She was the daughter of Idiyanale and Dumangan and the sister of Dumakulem.
  20. 20. The fickle-minded goddess of wind and rain. She was the daughter of Idiyanale and Dimangan and the sister of Dumakulem ANITUN TABU
  21. 21. god of the sun, lord of war, son of Bathala, patron of warriors APOLAKI
  22. 22. Apolaki• The god of sun and was chiefly the patron of warriors. •He was the son of Anagolay and Dumakulem.
  23. 23. the shell goddess ASPENE
  24. 24. god of war BAGOBO
  25. 25. king of the gods, ruler of the heavens, creator of humanity BATHALA
  26. 26. Bathala • The supreme god of the Tagalogs; creator of man and earth and addressed sometimes as Bathalang Maykapal. • He dwells in Kaluwalhatian together with the lesser gods and goddesses. • Aside from the lesser gods and goddesses, he sent his anitos in order to assist the daily lives of every human. • When most of the natives were converted to Christianity during the Spanish Era, he was referred to the Christian God.
  27. 27. god of pacts BAYOA
  28. 28. goddess of beauty DAL’LANG
  29. 29. goddess of secrets DAYEA
  30. 30. god of mambabarangs DELTISE
  31. 31. god of evil; enemy of Bathala DETINOS
  32. 32. Diyan Masalanta• The goddess of love, conception and childbirth and the protector of lovers. • She was the daughter of Anagolay and Dumakulem and youngest of all the deities. • After the conversion of the natives to Christianity during the Spanish Era, she was then referred as Maria Makiling.
  33. 33. goddess of love, pregnancy, childbirth, became known as "Maria Makiling" post-Spanish DIYAN MASALANTA
  34. 34. The goddess of love, conception and childbirth and the protector of lovers. She was the daughter of Anagolay and Dumakulem and youngest of all the deities. After the conversion of the natives to Christianity during the Spanish Era, she was then referred as Maria Makiling. DIYAN MASALANTA
  35. 35. goddess of medicinal herbs DIHAS
  36. 36. Dimangan•The goddess of good harvest. •She was married to Idiyanale and had two offspring.
  37. 37. Dumakulem• The strong, agile guardian of mountains and the son of Idiyanale and Dumangan. • His sister was Anitun Tabu. • He later married Anagolay.
  38. 38. DUMAKULEM
  39. 39. god of winds HABAGAT
  40. 40. god of Magic HALMISTA
  41. 41. Hanan• The goddess of morning; • sister of Mayari and Tala and one of the three daughters of Bathala by a mortal woman.
  42. 42. god of the morning HANAN
  43. 43. god of the sea and the ocean HAYO
  44. 44. goddess of death HUKLOBAN
  45. 45. HUKLOBAN The last agent of Sitan could change herself into any form she desired. She could kill someone by simply raising her hand and could heal without any difficulty as she wished. Her name literally means "crone" or "hag."
  47. 47. IDEANALE • The goddess of labor and good deeds. Natives used to call for her guidance in order to make their works successful. She married Dimangan and had two offspring.
  48. 48. god of thunder KALINGA
  49. 49. Although he is not a God, he is still considered as a high power. He has the power to change destiny at his will. KAPALARAN
  50. 50. god of earthquakes KIDUL
  51. 51. god of healing KILUBANSA
  52. 52. god of gluttony, food, and eating LAKAMBUWI
  53. 53. deity of fertility and cultivated fields LAKAPATI
  54. 54. LAKAPATI • The goddess of fertility and the most understanding and kind of all the deities. Also known as Ikapati, she was the giver of food and prosperity. Her best gift to mankind was agriculture (cultivated fields). Through this, she was respected and loved by the people. Later, she was married to Mapulon and had a daughter.
  55. 55. goddess of volcanoes LALAHON
  56. 56. god of disease, although unlike Manggagaway, he cures them LINGA
  57. 57. ferryboat god, ferries souls to hell MAGUAYEN
  58. 58. god of strength and bravery MALYARI
  59. 59. goddess of war MANGARAGAN
  60. 60. goddess of disease, poses as a healer and inflicts terror by inducing maladies instead; one of Sitan's helper MANGGAGAWAY
  61. 61. She was the first agent of Sitan and was primarily blamed as the cause of diseases. Sometimes, she would change herself into a human form, appearing as a false healer. If she wished to kill someone, she employed a magic wand MANGGAGAWAY
  62. 62. The only male agent of Sitan, he was to emit fire at night and when there was bad weather. Like his fellow agents, he could change his form to that of a healer and then induce fire at his victim's house. If the fire were extinguished immediately, the victim would eventually die. His name remains today as witch MANGKUKULAM
  63. 63. god of broken families MANISILAT
  64. 64. The second agent of Sitan, she was tasked to destroy and break every happy and united family that she could find MANISILAT
  65. 65. The god of seasons and husband of Lakapati of whom they had a daughter MAPULON
  66. 66. one-eyed, beautiful goddess and ruler of the moon, daughter of Bathala MAYARI
  67. 67. MAYARI The goddess of the moon and one of the three daughters of Bathala by a mortal woman. She was the most charming of all the goddesses. She had two sisters, Tala and Hanan
  68. 68. god of mountains and hills OGHEP
  69. 69. god of knowledge PAMAHRES
  70. 70. god of music PASIPO
  71. 71. the king of the Dwendes of the North PUGHE
  72. 72. god of trees PUNHO
  73. 73. god of death SIDAPA
  74. 74. god of hell SIGINAGURAN
  75. 75. goddess of fishes SIRENHA
  76. 76. god of the afterlife, guardian of the realm of the spirits SITAN
  77. 77. The guardian of Kasamaan and the keeper of all souls therein, the counterpart of Satan. He had four agents whose task was to lead man to sin and destruction. SITAN
  78. 78. goddess of gold SODOP
  79. 79. goddess of magic, queen of witchery SOMILGE
  80. 80. goddess of the stars; daughter of Bathala TALA
  81. 81. Tala• The goddess of the stars; • sister of Mayari and Hanan and one of the three daughters of Bathala by a mortal woman.
  82. 82. Mythological Creatures
  83. 83. FAMOUS PHILIPPINE DIWATAS 1.Mariang Makiling 2.Mariang Sinukuan 3.Maria Cacao 4.Diwata ng Kagubatan
  84. 84. Mariang Makiling • The most famous of all the enchantress in the Philippine mythology and folkl ore. • She was the protector and guardian of Mount Makiling located in Los Baños, Laguna. Thus, modern sightings of her were even reported. • Maria Makiling is a
  85. 85. Mariang Sinukuan • She was the resident and protector of Mount Arayat loc ated
  86. 86. Maria Cacao • She dwells in Mount Lantoy, Argao, Cebu where she had cacao trees, hence a plantation outside her own cave. • After harvest,
  87. 87. Diwata ng Kagubatan• Also known as Virgen Del Monte, she was worshiped by the ancient Cuyunon of Cuyo Island, Palawan. • She is honored in a celebrated feast, periodically held atop of Mount Caimana in the mentioned island. • When most of the natives were converted to Christianity during the Spanish Era, about
  89. 89. Aswang
  90. 90. Kapre
  91. 91. Siyokoy
  92. 92. Manananggal
  93. 93. Kantanod
  94. 94. Tiyanak
  95. 95. Tikbalang
  96. 96. Diwata
  97. 97. Nuno sa Punso
  98. 98. Sirena
  99. 99. Resources: F. Landa Jocano, Outline of Philippine Mythology (Centro Escolar University Research and Development Center, 1969) Angelfire Editors. (n.d.). Mysterio delas Felipinas. Retrieved November 10, 2011, from Angelfire: Philippine mythology. (2006, June 01). Retrieved November 10, 2011, from Michael Bourne's Book of Thoth: