Local heritage and planning policy- Pete Boland, RTPI CPD
Local Heritage and Planning Policy“It’s the Development Plan Stupid!”Pete Boland
Policy FrameworkBlack Country Core StrategyDudley Local Development FrameworkDevelopment Strategy Development Plan DocumentHalesowen AreaAction PlanBrierley Hill AreaAction PlanStourbridgeArea Action Plan
Black Country Core StrategyENV2: Historic Character and Local Distinctiveness Policy“All development should aim to protect and promote the special qualities,historic character and local distinctiveness of the Black Country in order to helpmaintain its cultural identity and strong sense of place. Development proposalswill be required to preserve and, where appropriate, enhance localcharacter and those aspects of the historic environment together with theirsettings which are recognised as being of special historic, archaeological,architectural, landscape or townscape quality.”
ENV2: Historic Character and Local Distinctiveness (Cont..)“All proposals should aim to sustain and reinforce special character and conserve the historic aspects of the followinglocally distinctive elements of the Black Country:a) The network of now coalesced but nevertheless distinct small industrial settlements of the former SouthStaffordshire Coalfield, such as Darlaston & Netherton;b) The civic, religious and commercial cores of the principal settlements of medieval origin such as Wolverhampton,Dudley, Wednesbury & Walsall;c) Surviving pre-industrial settlement centres of medieval origin such as Tettenhall, Aldridge, Oldbury andKingswinford;d) Areas of Victorian and Edwardian higher density development which survive with a high degree of integrityincluding terraced housing and its associated amenities;e) Areas of extensive lower density suburban development of the mid 20th century including public housing andprivate developments of semi-detached and detached housing;f) Public open spaces, including Victorian and Edwardian municipal parks, often created upon and retainingelements of relict industrial landscape features;g) The canal network and its associated infrastructure, surviving canal-side pre-1939 buildings and structurestogether with archaeological evidence of the development of canal-side industries and former canal routes (seealso Policy ENV4);h) Buildings, structures and archaeological remains of the traditional manufacturing and extractive industries of theBlack Country including glass making, metal trades (such as lock making), manufacture of leather goods, brickmaking, coal mining and limestone quarrying;i) The Beacons”
ENV2: Historic Character and Local Distinctiveness (Cont..)“In addition to statutorily designated and protected historic assets particular attention should be paidtothe preservation and enhancement of:• locally listed historic buildings and archaeological sites;• historic parks and gardens including their settings;• locally designated special landscape areas and other heritage based site allocations.Development proposals that would potentially have an impact on any of the above distinctive elementsshould be supported by evidence included in Design and Access Statements which demonstrates that allaspects of the historic character and distinctiveness of the locality have been fully assessed andused to inform proposals. In some instances local authorities may require developers to undertakedetailed Historic Landscape Characterisation studies to support their proposals.”
Dudley Metropolitan BoroughAn overarching conservation strategy required• Need to understand more comprehensively what local distinctiveness is• Move away from individual heritage assets – what makes areas locallydistinctive• Area based concept – areas designated as a means of protection• A fresh look using Historic Characterisation to identify areas worthy of alocal designation.
Detailed Historic Characterisation•Brierley Hill UHLC (evidence base for Brierley Hill AAP)•Glass Quarter UHLC (evidence base for Glass Quarter SPD)•Stourbridge UHLC (evidence base for Stourbridge AAP)•Emerging Halesowen UHLC (evidence base for Halesowen AAP)
• Detailed Survey Work Depicted in Overview• Identification of Areas of High Historic TownscapeValue (AHHTV).
Proposed ‘AHHTV’-Areas of High HistoricTownscape ValueProposed ‘APA’ –ArchaeologicalPriority AreaProposed ‘AHHLV’-Areas of High HistoricLandscape Value
BCS Regeneration CorridorsExtensive Characterisation/Appraisal• HER used for:Plotting HeritageAssetsIdentifying APA’s• Black Country HLC-identified potentiallysignificanttownscape &landscape• Focused Surveyidentifies-character areas;Conservation Area &Listing potential;AHHTV; AHHLV,AHHDLV;Threats;Opportunities.
Axis Layer – ‘htv’Extensive Historic Characterisation - NorthLegendAreas of High Historic Townscape ValueConservation AreaAreas of High Historic Landscape ValueArea of Special Townscape ValueAreas of High Historic DesignedLandscape Value
Designation FrameworkStatutory List ConservationAreasScheduledAncientMonumentsRegisteredParks &GardensLocally ListedBuildingsAreas of HighHistoricTownscapeValue (AHHTV)Areas of HighHistoricDesignedLandscapeValue(AHHDLV)ArchaeologicalPriority Areas(APA)Areas ofHighHistoricLandscapeValue(AHHLV)Development Plan Policies
Halesowen Area Action Plan – Policy 24Suggested Policy - Conservation and Enhancement of Local Character and Distinctiveness inHalesowen• All development proposals should take account of the locally distinctive character of the area in whichthey are to be sited, including its historic character, and should respect and respond to its positiveattributes. Physical assets (buildings, sites or areas together with their settings) whether man made ornatural that positively contribute to the local character and distinctiveness of Halesowen’s landscape andtownscape should be retained and wherever possible enhanced and their settings be respected.• The Halesowen Urban Historic Landscape Characterisation (UHLC) has mapped out for each identifiedcharacter zone various buildings and spaces and assigned a degree of significance to them based upon thecontribution they make to the overall character of the historic environment. This includes Locally ListedBuildings that are felt to make a particularly special contribution to local character. The Halesowen UHLCdocument, therefore, provides baseline data that in conjunction with the information held in DudleyCouncil’s Historic Buildings Sites and Monuments Record must be used for land use appraisals and toinform proposals for development.• New development in Halesowen should be designed so as to reinforce and enhance local distinctivenessand full reference should be made in Design and Access Statements accompanying planning applicationsto the Halesowen Urban Historic Landscape Characterisation. Design and Access Statements should clearlyset out the steps that have been taken to achieve locally responsive outcomes through either traditionalor more contemporary design solutions.
Suggested Policy - Areas of High Historic Townscape Value (AHHTV)(Halesowen AAP)• Areas of High Historic Townscape Value (AHHTV) are recognised in the HalesowenUrban Historic Landscape Characterisation (UHLC) as defining discrete areas oftownscape of acknowledged importance. Where new development is proposed inan AHHTV every effort must be made to ensure it consolidates or enhances theexisting positive characteristics of the locality including the public realm. Not onlyshould existing townscape in these areas be conserved and enhanced but theopportunity should be taken to create complementary good quality townscapethrough extension, new build or redevelopment. Views into, out of and within theAHHTV must be respected.• Design and Access Statements accompanying planning applications in AHHTV’smust be prepared with full reference to the Halesowen UHLC and must clearlyevidence how the proposal has taken account of its detailed findings in order toproduce a locally responsive high quality design that, wherever appropriate, alsoconserves and where possible enhances significant historic assets together withtheir settings. Proposals that fail to respond adequately to their townscape contextor that would prejudice views into, out of or within AHHTV’s will not be permitted.
Halesowen Area Action Plan – Policy 26Suggested Policy - Areas of High Historic Landscape Value (AHHLV)• Within Areas of High Historic Landscape Value, Dudley Council will resist anydevelopment or other works taking place which would be detrimental to thecharacter, quality and historic integrity of the landscape. Dudley Council will seekto protect and enhance views into, from or within Areas of High HistoricLandscape Value. Approval will not be given where such views would be undulyinterrupted or harmed, or where the opportunity to enhance such a view wouldbe lost.
Halesowen Area Action Plan – Policy 27Suggested Policy - Designed Landscapes of High Historic Value (DLHHV)• Designed Landscapes of High Historic Value will be preserved andwherever possible enhanced and Dudley Council will resist anydevelopment or other works taking place which would be detrimental tothe setting, character, quality and historic integrity of the landscapeincluding detailed design features and individual historic componentswhether man made or natural.
• Pic to illustrateHalesowen Area Action Plan – Policy 28Suggested Policy - Archaeological Priority Areas (APA)Archaeological Priority Areas have been identified in the Halesowen Urban Historic LandscapeCharacterisation and in respect of these and any other areas of potential archaeologicalsignificance that may be identified and included in the Dudley Council Historic BuildingsSites and Monuments Record through the life of the plan, Dudley Council will:•Expect developers as part of any planning application to provide adequate information toallow the full and proper consideration of the impact of the proposed development onarchaeological remains through desk top archaeological appraisal and as Dudley Councildeems appropriate subsequent physical site evaluation/building recording.•Resist development that would have a damaging impact upon significant archaeologicalremains and where potentially negative impacts have been identified expect developersto devise and put forward for agreement suitable measures designed to mitigate suchimpact in order to preserve buildings, structures or buried deposits in situ.•Where preservation in situ would be unreasonable seek to ensure that provision is madefor an appropriate level of archaeological investigation and recording of any building,structure or buried deposit of interest prior to the commencement of development, siteclearance or infrastructure works and for appropriate publication of the results.
Policy into PracticeTwo Positive Appeal Decisions
The Dudley Borough Landscape andTownscape Character Study
App/C5615/D/11/2160416• “The farmhouse at Foxcote Farm is of local historic importance, recordedon the Council’s HER and the surroundings are part of a designatedLandscape Heritage Area in the Unitary Development Plan (2005) (UDP).• As was evident from the site visit, the farm complex, with the main houseat its heart, is a significant, historic feature in the local landscape,particularly as seen from Oldnall Road.’• The building is not statutorily or locally listed or in a conservation area,but even so, alterations or extensions to it should respect its characterand be sympathetic to its appearance.• ….the proposal would conflict with UDP Policy DD1 and ENV2 of the BlackCountry Core Strategy (2011), which seek to ensure that newdevelopment makes a positive contribution to an areas character andappearance and that the special qualities, historic character and localdistinctiveness of the Black Country are protected and promoted’.