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Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
Manual for Streets 1
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Manual for Streets 1

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Presentation by Phil Jones

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  • 1. Manual for Streets 1 The Contribution of Streets to Successful Places to Live Birmingham 18 April 2011 Phil Jones, PJAPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 2. What is a street anyway?   “A street is a highway that has important public realm functions beyond the movement of traffic” (Manual for Streets)   Streets have a sense of place and are distinctive   Streets are lined with and provide direct access to buildings and public spaces   Most highways in built-up areas can be considered as streets.Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 3. What are roads for? ‘The word ‘road’ derives from the Old English word for a journey on horseback: a road was something that one rode along’ (Dictionary of Urbanism) ‘Roads are essentially highways whose main function is accommodating the movement of motor traffic.’ (Manual for Streets)Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 4. Previous National Guidance on Residential Roads Design Bulletin 32 Second Edition (1992) “Residential roads and footpaths are an integral part of housing layout where ... in the patterns of movement around buildings the needs of pedestrians and cyclists for safety and convenience are given priority in design over the use of motor vehicles.”Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 5. But highly standardised car-led geometric standards...Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 6. ...created highly standardised, car-led layouts...Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 7. “Some housing, such as this, meets planning and highway standards, but fails to create a sense of place or identity. We need to set our sights higher” The Communities Plan - 2003Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 8. Welcome to The Midlands!!Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 9. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 10. Poundbury, DorsetPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 11. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 12. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 13. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 14. New Hall, HarlowPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
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  • 16. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 17. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 18. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 19. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 20. Building for Life - 4 Groups, 20 Criteria    Environment and Community    Character    Streets, Parking & Pedestrianisation    Design and Construction Streets are fundamental to the assessment...Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 21. Q4. Does the development have easy access to public transport? Group 1 - Environment & Community The Village, St AustellPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 22. Q9. Do the buildings and layout make it easy to find your way around? The Village, St Austell Group 2 - CharacterPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 23. Q 10. Are the streets defined by a well-structured building layout? The Russells, Broadway, Worcestershire Group 2 - CharacterPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 24. Q11. Does the building layout take priority over the streets and car parking, so that the highways do not dominate? The Meadows, Shepton Mallet Broadclose, Bude Group 3 - Streets, Parking & PedestrianisationPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 25. Q12. Is the car parking well integrated and situated so it supports the street scene? Broadclose, Bude, Cornwall Lime Tree Square, Street, Somerset Group 3 - Streets, Parking & PedestrianisationPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 26. Q13. Are the streets pedestrian, cycle and vehicle friendly? Victoria Gardens, Camelford, North Cornwall Group 3 - Streets, Parking & PedestrianisationPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 27. Q14. Does the scheme integrate with existing streets, paths and surrounding development? The Russells, Broadway, Worcestershire Group 3 - Streets, Parking & PedestrianisationPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 28. Q15. Are public spaces and pedestrian routes overlooked and do they feel safe? Gwean Pawl Urban Village, Redruth Clay Field, Elmswell, Suffolk Group 3 - Streets, Parking & PedestrianisationPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 29. Manual for Streets (2007) Streets are the arteries of our communities – a community’s success can depend on how well it is connected to local services and the wider world. However, streets are not just there to get people from A to B – they have many other functions. They form vital components of residential areas and greatly affect the overall quality of life for local people. (MfS Foreword)Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 30. Aims of Manual for Streets   Bring about a transformation in quality   A fundamental culture change to achieve streets that: –  help to build and strengthen the communities they serve; –  meet the needs of all, by embodying the principles of inclusive design –  provide part of a well-connected network; –  are attractive and have their own distinctive identity; –  are cost-effective to construct and maintain; and –  are safe.Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 31. Manual for Streets - Status and application   Manual for Streets replaced DB32   Applies throughout England and Wales   Focuses on lightly-trafficked residential streets; but   Many of its principles are applicable elsewhere, eg high streets and lanes   It is guidance, not a standard or policy documentPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 32. Working in partnership •   Truly multidisciplinary teams: planners, highways engineers, transport planners, researchers, urban and landscape designers... •   Crossing sectors: local people, elected members, consultants, local authority officers, campaign groups, utilities, homebuilders…Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 33. Sustainability   MfS promotes walking, cycling, public transport due to... –  Climate change/emissions –  Congestion –  Accidents –  Health issues   Labyrinthine and badly connected places encourage car usePhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 34. Mode hierarchy   Consider modes in order: –  Pedestrians –  Cyclists –  Public Transport –  Motor vehicles   Accommodate all users on streets   Tight corner radii level crossingsPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 35. Developing a Movement Framework   Where are the key desire lines?   How can the development enhance the existing movement framework rather than disrupt or sever it?   What points of connection and linkage can be achieved?   Should these be for all modes?   Can concerns over ‘rat running’ be addressed through slower speeds?Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 36. Street Character Types   Consider –  Key dimensions (widths etc) –  Relationship to buildings and private realm –  Parking –  Materials –  Planting etc   Terminology important –  Eg avenue, mews, lane, boulevard –  Not Minor Access Road, Local Distributor RoadPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 37. Assembling Streets...   Junctions as places   Street width considerations: –  Traffic composition –  Pedestrian flow –  Parking –  Width/height ratios –  Swept paths –  Trees   Designing in three dimensionsPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 38. Visibility   MfS recommends shorter ‘Y’/forward sight distances than previous guidance   No safety case for ‘X’ distance of more than 2.4m   Can consider splays measured beyond the kerb Design Miles per hour 37 30 25 20 Speed DB32 - Y Distances (Metres) 90 70 45 33 Manual for Streets - Y Distances 59 43 33 25Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 39. Why are reduced visibility splays so critical? Shorter sight lines helps to make urban development happen:   Sites that were previously undevelopable can now come forward   Maximising use of accessible, brownfield sites   Enabling higher densities   Less need for unsustainable greenfield sitesPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 40. Y XPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 41. Speed at Junctions and Links   Speed increases with road width and visibility for both links and junctions 30 45 40 25 Road Width = 5 m 35 Road Width = 5 m Road Width = 6 m Speed (mph) 20 Road Width = 6 m Speed (mph) 30 Road Width = 7 m 25 Road Width = 7 m 15 Road Width = 8 m 20 Road Width = 8 m 10 Road Width = 9 m 15 Road Width = 9 m Road Width = 10 m 10 Road Width = 10 m 5 5 0 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Y Distance (m) Forward Visibility (m) Junction data Link dataPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 42. Ingress Park, EssexPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 43. Frontage Access Research   Accident and Traffic Flow Data examined for 20 sites   Traffic flows up to 23,000 per day   Very few recorded accidents involving driveways   No safety justification for limiting direct access to busier streetsPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 44. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 45. Local Standards   Local standards are important to reflect local context   Local standards need to cover placemaking and urban design   Focus on improving local distinctiveness –  Vernacular details –  Material choices   Local authorities are strongly recommended to review standards and guidance to embrace MfS principles.Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 46. The Lincolnshire Design Guide for Residential Areas (1996) advocates the qualities of traditional settlements over those of recent developments by juxtaposing illustrations of both. In the following pages it then proceeds to propose a road layout which would clearly make it impossible ever to produce the type of traditional settlement that is considered so admirable. Sue McGlynn and Ivor Samuels, 2000.Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 47. Suffolk Residential Design Guide “There have been many changes since 1993 in planning policy relating to housing and a greater emphasis on achieving higher quality design. The SDG is now showing its age.” It is anticipated that Manual for Streets will be supplemented in Suffolk... Work is progressing...Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 48. Worcestershire CC new standards...Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 49. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 50.    Leicestershire/East Midlands guidance    Initial review in 2007 following MfS – but mainly junction visibility    More comprehensive review said to be pending...Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 51. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 52. Staffordshire CC standards (2000)Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 53. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 54. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 55. Quality Audits    Quality Audits introduced in MfS1 - a ‘Balanced Audit’ reviewing key aspects of a design against set objectives    Some authorities (eg Kent, Solihull) have taken the concept further    CIHT working towards a guidance note on Quality Audits. Policy Review Objective Setting Design Quality AuditingPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 56. Car Parking Parking solutions should not dominate the scheme, and should be carefully considered to reduce the impact of parking spaces on the character and layout of the development. The Taylor Review.Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 57. Car parking - key principles    No single best solution to providing car parking.    A combination of solutions will often be appropriate    “Rediscover the street as a beautiful car park”    On-street parking is efficient, understandable and can increase vitality and safety    Rear courtyards need to support on-street parking, not replace it.Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 58. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 59. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 60. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 61. Efficiency of types of parking Level of efficiency/ Type of parking Comments flexibility On-street (communal) Most efficient as High parking spaces are shared and the street provides the means of accessing the spaces. Off-street communal Requires additional access and circulation space. Off-street allocated Although more spaces but grouped inflexible, this arrangement allows the potential for future changes in allocation. Off-street allocated Inflexible, and largely garages but grouped precludes shared use. Also security concerns. Off-street within Inflexible in perpetuity individual dwelling and more space curtilage consuming due to need Low for driveways. Garages within individual dwelling curtilagePhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 62. Tricky Issues - Adoption    Highway Authority can refuse to adopt due to concerns over geometry and maintenance issues –    visibility splays, radii, carriageway widths    materials, street trees and planting, sustainable drainage...etc.    Solutions –    Development of protocols for collaborative working with highways officers    Continuous learning from experience    Development of better standardsPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 63. Tricky Issues – Level Surface Streets    Concerns of visually-impaired/vulnerable people over ‘shared space’ designs has extended to very lightly-trafficked streets.    Solutions – recognition of pros and cons of level surfaces, close dialogue with relevant groups, appropriate traffic speeds and volumes.Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 64. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
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  • 71. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 72. “The quality of the public realm (streets, squares and openspace) generally does not reflect the quality of thearchitectural heritage of Buxton town centre.”Buxton Design StrategyHigh Peak BC will work with Derbyshire CC to see thathighway works, including the design and construction of newroads or highway improvements...reflect the Strategy as faras possible. This will be key to raising the quality of thepublic realm in the town centre. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 73. Discussion Points - Geometry - Materials - Parking - Level Surface Streets - Trees and PlantingPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 74. GeometryPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 75. Straight and Bendy Streets – Fronts and BacksPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 76. Straight(ish) streets vs bendy streets Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 77. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 78. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 79. Shepton MallettPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 80. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 81. PoundburyPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 82. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 83. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 84. Junction Geometry - Kirby LonsdalePhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 85. LincolnshirePhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 86. The Hoplands, SleafordPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 87. The Hoplands, SleafordPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 88. Ingress ParkPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 89. MaterialsPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 90. PoundburyPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 91. RedruthPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 92. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 93. Truro, BelvederePhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 94. Shepton MallettPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 95. Ingress ParkPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 96. ParkingPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 97. Victoria Gardens, CamelfordPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 98. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 99. Victoria Gardens, CamelfordPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 100. SouthwarkPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 101. Clay LanePhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 102. The Hoplands, SleafordPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 103. Highfields, BakewellPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 104. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 105. Mortonhamstead DevonPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 106. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 107. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 108. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 109. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 110. Level Surface StreetsPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 111. Broadclose, BudePhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 112. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 113. Lime Tree Square, StreetPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 114. MortonhampsteadPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 115. Trees and PlantingPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 116. Charlton Down, DorsetPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 117. SherbournePhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 118. Newhall, HarlowPhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 119. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 120. Broadclose, BudePhil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions
  • 121. Phil Jones Associates sustainable transport solutions

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