Hammarby Sjöstad– a new city district with emphasis on water and ecology
Hammarby Sjöstad – a new city district inspired by waterThe water has inspired the name of the to Stockholm’s urban growth – a modern,entire project – the town around the lake semi-open, block-based city, a combinationHammarby Sjö. of a closed, traditional inner city with more The first drawings of what would be- modernistic and open planning. The innercome Hammarby Sjöstad were pencilled city street dimensions, block sizes, buildingin back in 1990. The idea was to show a Stockholm city heights, density and functionality mix areunique opportunity – expanding the inner integrated with a new openness, waterfrontcity with a focus on the water, while regen- Hammarby Sjöstad views, parks and sunlight.erating an old industrial and harbour area Limited building depths, recessed pent-into a modern neighbourhood. house flats, maisonettes, large balconies and terraces, big windows, flat roofs and light- coloured rendering on water-facing façades Hammarby Sjöstad embody different applications of a modern- istic architectural programme, as does the emphasis on durable materials such as glass, wood, steel and stone.Once fully built, Hammarby Sjöstad will have structure, urban planning and design of the Traffic and services are concentrated alongabout 11,000 residential units for just over buildings. a three-kilometre avenue linking Hammarby25,000 people and a total of about 35,000 This expansion has involved extensive de- Sjöstad together, from mårtensdal to Dan-people will live and work in the area. Ham- velopment of the infrastructure, with traffic vikstull.marby Sjöstad will be fully built about 2017. barriers removed and the old industrial and parks, quays and walkways in different terminal areas phased out, concentrated or styles have been laid out around Hammarby Architecture and urban construction given a new purpose. Stockholm and nacka Sjö. The water areas at the heart of the townHammarby Sjöstad is Stockholm’s biggest municipalities have reached an agreement comprise a concentrated visual park – theurban development project for many years. on how the areas either side of the municipal city district’s blue eye.The area’s location as a natural continuation boundary should develop and interact. Ham-of Stockholm’s inner city has shaped the infra- marby Sjöstad adds a new “growth ring”
– a modern water city, close to Stockholm CityAlong Hammarbyleden taller buildings fac-ing the water are built in a classic inner citystyle that harmonises with the large-scalequay facilities and large open water areas. The milieu on Sickla udde and alongsideSickla Kanal is more intimate and small-scale,with natural shorelines. Here, developmentis gradually downscaled towards the shore-lines, and then follows the line of the land asit rises towards the avenues’ crest and Sicklapark.Sickla Kaj’s buildings are more city-like. marby Sjöstad’s most unique profile building,Large-scale, multi-functional buildings have in the form of a perforated cube. The buildingbeen built along the avenue, with small-scale is twice the height of the surrounding devel-backstreet and courtyard houses built be- opment.tween the quay and Sjöstadsparterren, the Henriksdalshamnen is one of the final plan-new park walkway. ning areas in Hammarby Sjöstad. The plan Dense, city-style environments are also be- entails a substantial expansion of the quaysing built in Hammarby Gård around a lens- to include, among other things, a harbourshaped green space with a newly-created basin with space for restaurants and smallpool. boats. The plan is that the Värmdöleden high- Two special projects are in progress in the way will run underground through a tunnelLugnet area. The first is Lugnets Terass, a sea under Henriksdalsberget, “Tvärbanan” (thepark with jetty decking, pergolas and flower- light rail link) will be extended towards Slus-beds bordering the avenue. sen, and the avenue will be extended to a The other involves the construction of Ham- new mall facility at Danvikstull.
– extensive public transport, close to culture and natureSubstantial investments have been made in Services in Hammarby Sjöstadpublic transport as part of the overall ob- The area has had preschool and elementaryjective of creating an eco-friendly city dis- school facilities for some years now, with Sjös-trict. The goal is for 80% of residents’ and tadsskolan the most recently opened (2007).workers’ journeys to be made by public There is a retirement home on the banks oftransport, on foot, or by bicycle by 2010. Sickla Kanal, and health care facilities are The eco-friendly adaptation also involves provided in the area.a major investment in green spaces, walk- Commercial services are gradually expand-ways, several large parks, a reed park with ing and the area now has a reasonably widewooden jetties, etc. commercial and retail offering, in addition to the usual convenience goods outlets. The Sickla Köpkvarter mall, which is easily acces- sible to Hammarby Sjöstad residents, is home to the majority of the major retail chains. Leisure and culture There are around 100 mooring places for small boats along the Sickla Kaj canal. Sjös- tadshallen, a sports hall to the north-east of Sickla udde’s oak-forested hill, was opened in October 2005. Jogging tracks that cross two ecoducts over the Södra Länken high- way lead directly over to the nacka nature reserve. During the summer, Sicklasjön lake is a tempting destination for swimmers, while in the winter, Hammarbybacken’s slalom slopes are within walking distance. There is a library at Sickla Kaj and a new culture and theatre centre is built in Lugnet. Kulturama and fryshuset not only provide Trams, ferries and carpools educational courses, they also offer cultural activities, mainly for children and young“Tvärbanan”, the light rail link from Alvik, has people. The Sofia parish is represented ina central route running through Hammarby the chapel, Sjöstadskapellet. The old Die-Sjöstad along the unifying avenue and bus selverkstaden factory building, which housestraffic has been carefully thought out, offering theatrical venues, a library, concert venuesseveral routes into Stockholm city. and cultural workshops, is also close by in the A ferry traffics Hammarby Sjö throughout Sickla area.the year, from early in the morning until mid- All new construction offers access for thenight. During the summer season, a ferry also A new highway, Södra Länken, has been disabled, in line with the City’s plan for peo-runs from Hammarby Sjöstad to nybroviken. designed in line with the City’s environmen- A carpool is also open to everyone living ple with disabilities. tal requirements, and has accordingly beenand working in the area. Around 450 mem- lowered and bridged by two ecoducts tobers have already joined the carpool, which Hammarbybacken and the large nacka na-now has 25 cars at its disposal. ture reserve.
Hammarby Sjöstad – with new and integrated environmental solutionsThe City of Stockholm has imposed stringent employed a new methodology under which The Hammarby modelenvironmental requirements on buildings, staff from different administrations/authorities Hammarby Sjöstad has its own eco-cycle,technical installations and the traffic environ- sat in the same premises, right from day one the Hammarby model, which outlines envi-ment. A specific environmental programme of the project. The work has been conducted ronmental solutions for waste, energy, waterwas drawn up for Hammarby Sjöstad with the on an interdisciplinary basis, thereby substan- & sewage.aim of halving the total environmental impact tially accelerating the decision-making proc- The Swedish Trade Council has developedin comparison with a district built in the early ess and enabling the project to run extremely a model to build the sustainable city – Sym-1990s. smoothly. The planning process was unique biocity, which is built on the experiences from The strict environmental requirements de- and resulted in new and integrated environ- Hammarby Sjöstad. Read more about this onmanded completely new environmental solu- mental solutions whereby the resources pro- www.symbiocity.org.tions. The Hammarby Sjöstad project office vided by one player are utilised by another. Energy The Hammarby model Högdalen’s combined heat and power plant B iofuel Hammarby heat plant Bi oso l ids Di st r ict h eat i ng an coo l i ng strict de l ec g – Di tri he atin Pu c ict rif str Di i ed iity l B io f ue Environmentally wa friendly electricity P u r i f i e d w a s t e wa ter stew Co mb usti B i ogas at er ble w aste e Organic wast Biog B i o s olids a as ging The sea acka wp Ne s tin s s, e la Wastew ater ast ,g es Stor lw x bo Street sto ica ter er m ap Sjöstaden’s and Henriksdal’s ctr p ing wa wa g– er wastewater treatment plants ele c yc l i n t Re d an Wa rm s Drink ou rd wate a st H az e r (r Equalizer ain at w er ) Lake Hammarby Sjö r Wate Lake Mälaren/drinking water plant SedimentationEnergy Water & Sewage Waste• Combustible waste is converted into district • A pilot sewage treatment plant facility has • An automated waste disposal system heating and electricity. been built to evaluate new sewage treat- with different refuse chutes, block-based• Biofuel from nature is converted into district ment techniques. recycling rooms, and area-based waste heating and electricity. • Biogas is extracted from the digestion of collection points help the residents to sort sewage sludge. their waste at source.• The heat from the treated wastewater is converted into district heating and district • The post-extraction sludge – the biosolids • Combustible waste is converted into district cooling. – is used as a fertiliser. heating and electricity.• Solar energy is converted into electrical • Rainwater from courtyards and roofs is not • Organic waste is converted/digested into energy or used to heat water. drained to the wastewater treatment plant, biosolids and used as fertiliser.• Electricity shall be “Good Environmental but into Hammarby Sjö. • All recyclable material is recycled: news- Choice”-labelled, or equivalent • Rainwater from streets is treated locally/set- papers, glass, cardboard, metals, etc. tled and then drained into Hammarby Sjö, • Hazardous waste is incinerated or recycled. not to the wastewater treatment plant.
Environmental solutions – WasteThese days waste is no longer waste, it is a Three-level waste managementresource that is being utilised. New things In Hammarby Sjöstad, waste is managed atare being produced from recycled mate- three different levels: building-based, block-rials so we can be more economical with based, and area-based.nature’s resources. Building-based separating at source The heaviest and bulkiest waste; combustible waste, organic waste and newspapers, cata- logues, paper, etc, is separated and depos- ited in different refuse chutes in or adjacent to the buildings. Area-based hazardous waste collection point Block-based recycling rooms Hazardous waste, e.g. paint, varnish and The types of waste that do not belong in the glue residues, nail polish, solvents, batteries building-based refuse chutes can be left in and chemicals must be separated out and block-based recycling rooms. These types of handed in at the hazardous waste collection waste include: packaging, bulky waste, elec- point in GlashusEtt, the area’s environmental trical and electronic waste. information centre. Automated waste disposal system Refuse chutes are linked by underground pipes to a central collection station to which the waste is carried by vacuum suction. An advanced control system sends the waste to large containers, one for each fraction. The refuse collection vehicles can collect the con- tainers without driving into the area and the refuse collection workers avoid heavy lifting. Environmental solutions – EnergyWhen the construction work on Hammarby Solar cells, solar panels and fuel cellsSjöstad is completed, the residents them- Solar cells convert the sun’s luminous energyselves will produce 50 per cent of the fuel into electrical power. Solar cells have beenrequired to produce the energy they need. installed on several façades and roofs. TwoTreated wastewater and domestic waste of the buildings on Sickla Kanalgata, for ex-will be converted into heating, cooling and ample, have been fitted with solar cells thatelectricity by Fortum. New technology is provide the energy needed for their publicalso being tested in the area, such as fuel areas.cells, solar cells, and solar panels. 390m² of south-facing solar panels have been installed on the roof of the Viken block. District heating They exploit the sun’s heat and use it to heatThe Högdalen combined heat and power the hot water supply. The solar panels pro-plant uses domestic waste as an energy duce half of the energy required to meetsource (fuel) to produce district heating and the building’s annual hot water requirement.electricity. The heat in the treated wastewa- There is a fuel cell installed in GlashusEtt, theter from the Henriksdal wastewater treatment plant is used in the production of district heat- area’s environmental information centre. ing in the Hammarby heat plant. District cooling Having been cooled down by the heat pumps, the treated wastewater can also be utilised by the Hammarby heat plant – waste cold, a pure waste product, is used to cool the water that circulates in the district cooling network in Hammarby Sjöstad.
Environmental solutions – Water and sewageOne of Hammarby Sjöstad’s environmen- Storm watertal goals is to reduce water consumption All storm water, rainwater and snowmelt isby 50%. In Stockholm, the normal use is treated locally, and the system is referred to200 litres water/person/day, but our aim is as LOD (the Swedish acronym for “local stormto reduce this figure to 100 litres. Thanks to water treatment”).eco-friendly installations, consumption lev- Storm water from developed areas is infil-els are currently approximately 150 litres/ trated into the ground or drained to Sicklaperson/day. Canal, Hammarby Canal or Danvik Canal. Another goal is cleaner sewage; fewer A storm water canal runs through the parkcontaminants are to be dispersed into the Sjöstadsparterren (the Sjöstaden parterre).Stockholm archipelago via our treated The water is drained from the courtyards viawastewater, and a cleaner residual prod- numerous small gutters and is then carried onuct, biosolids, can be reused on agricultural to Hammarby Sjö through a water ladder de-land. The level of hazardous substances is signed by the artist, Dag Birkeland.to be reduced by 50%, and 95% of the Storm water from the streets is drained intophosphorus is to be separated out and re- two closed settling tanks. The water is al-cycled for agricultural use. lowed to remain there, to let the contaminants sink to the bottom (settling), and then drained Cutting edge technology evaluated out into the canals.Sjöstadsverket, a new test wastewater treat-ment plant for wastewater from the equiva- Green roofslent of 600 people in Hammarby Sjöstad, has means that the wastewater should, hopefully, The green roofs with sedum plants that arebeen built to evaluate new technology. The contain a minimum of contaminants. visible on many of the buildings are designedfour separate treatment lines under evalua- to collect the rainwater, delaying and evapo-tion contain chemical, physical and biologi- Biogas is extracted from sewage sludge rating it. At the same time, the roofs form liv-cal processes. The wastewater that goes to Biogas is extracted from the digestion of ing green areas in the cityscape.the local wastewater treatment plant comes sewage sludge from the wastewater treat-solely from housing in the area, and does not ment plant. Biogas, the most environmentallycome from storm water and industries. This friendly form of fuel currently available, is pri- marily used as vehicle fuel in buses and cars but also in approximately 1,000 gas stoves in Hammarby Sjöstad.
StockHolm inner city development areaS Danvikstull Stockholm city alen ka n viks Dan Henriksdalshamnen Hammarby Sjöstad Hammarby Sjö Lugnet en led a r by Ha mm Sickla Udde Luma Sic kla ka na l Hammarby Gård Sickla Kaj n ke L än d ra Mårtensdal Sö Nacka nature reserveHammarby SjöStad compreHenSive plan, produced by StockHolm city planning development Hammarby Sjöstad has its own planning area boundary Heavy municipal engineering NOrTH environmental information centre reSidential parkS, yardS – GlashusEtt undeveloped area footpatHS, cycle patHS, SquareS etc. exiSting development tramlineS exiSting buSineSS development, induStrial and commercial buSineSS area educational facilitieS A LfA pR I n T/12-2 0 0 8/B u m LI n G A B GlashusEtt, Lugnets allé 39, SE-120 66 Stockholm, Sweden. Tel +46 8 522 137 00, www.hammarbysjostad.se Development Office, Box 8189, SE-104 20 Stockholm, Sweden. Tel +46 8 508 276 00, www.stockholm.se/hammarbysjostad photos: Lennart Johansson Infobild, Eddie Granlund, ulf Bergström, Thomas Henriksson.