Paul Nolan: Green Infrastructure- Delivering Economic Growth and Resilient PlacesPresentation Transcript
If GI is the answer, what is the question?
“It’s not about themoney, money: money!!”
“Its the economy stupid...”
But which bit of the economy? Are we credible?• Growth• Unemployment• Inflation• Balance of payments• Equal• Green “sustainable”
GI Economic Benefits Framework
Types of economic impact• Direct • 16,000 businesses • £750m/annum• Indirect• Reduce cost• Reduce risk
Do we have enough GI?
More GI than we think?Liverpool Liverpool City Region• 64% GI • 80% GI
“Britains mental picture of its landscape is far removed from the reality” “2.27% of England is built on.”
• N Need andtype functions value benefit
Need andtype functions value benefit
Pinch Points• A Pinch Point is a location where due to one or more issues (the pinches) opportunities for investment and sustainable development are reduced. The result is that either investment does not take place or that any investment made underperforms.• By 2030, there is the potential for some 250,000 new jobs to be created in the Atlantic Gateway area and around 140,000 of these jobs will be associated with Atlantic Gateway priority projects, involving £14 billion of new investment.
Function Pinch Location of pinch points Parts of areas ofaccessible Risk of flooding search with little accessible waterwater storage storage upstream and a tendency to flood Parts of areas ofaesthetic Risk of poor search with little aesthetic (all will aesthetic have strong need) Parts of areas offlow reduction Risk of flooding search with little flow reductionthrough through surface roughnesssurface upstream and a
Darker areas indicateareas of greatest needfor GI to addresshealth issues Dots indicate new projects funded by £300k from health sector
Climate “Pinch Points” Increasing green infrastructure coverMaximum Surface Temperature (deg centigrade) 50 to manage projected surface temperature increases in the city 40 Current temp - 2010 Projected temp - 2050 Current GI level 20 50 100 0 Green Infrastructure percentage cover
Excess deaths due toheatwave4%– 200616% - 2003HEATWAVE PLAN
• “Populations exposed to greener environments also enjoy lower levels of income deprivation related to health inequality.• Physical environments which promote good health may be important in the fight to reduce socio-economic health inequalities.”• Mitchell & Popham (2008) Effect of exposure to natural environment on health inequalities: an observationalpopulation study. The Lancet 372(9650):pp. 1655-1660.
350 MENTAL HEALTHNumber of cases per Super Output 300 250 200 Area 150 R² = 0.255 100 50 0 0% Percentage green 60% 20% 40% 80% infrastructure 100%
Need andtype functions benefit value
“It’s not about themoney, money: money!!” Need andtype functions benefit value
Spreadsheet-basedUser Guide + Calculator The Toolkit
Carlisle Liverpool£25bn Wirral Waters£8bn£29.4m 14x ROI
Finally!• Can we afford not to make better use of GI?• Grey/Green Infrastructure.• We have many of the tools needed to identify where and how GI can support the economy and increase resilience.• Good examples emerging of use of GI by developers.• What does a GI engineer do? – Is that a step too far?
Thank You Paul Nolan Director The Mersey Forest firstname.lastname@example.org www.merseyforest.org.uk