Density and mix Hot tips and tricks by Annabel Stott
Key themes
Key themes1.   Mixing uses
Key themes1.   Mixing uses2. Density and quality
Key themes1.   Mixing uses2. Density and quality3. Density and built-form
Key themes1.   Mixing uses2. Density and quality3. Density and built-form4. Measuring density
Key themes1.   Mixing uses2. Density and quality3. Density and built-form4. Measuring density5. Determining appropriate   ...
Key themes1.   Mixing uses2. Density and quality3. Density and built-form4. Measuring density5. Determining appropriate   ...
Mixing uses
Mixing uses
Mixing usesLocating a mix of uses within a neighbourhoodcan encourage walking to shops and facilities,and provides a criti...
Mixing usesLocating a mix of uses within a neighbourhoodcan encourage walking to shops and facilities,and provides a criti...
Where to locate?
Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.
Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.Uses requiring the most footfall ...
Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.Uses requiring the most footfall ...
Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.Uses requiring the most footfall ...
Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.Uses requiring the most footfall ...
Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.Uses requiring the most footfall ...
Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.Uses requiring the most footfall ...
Density and Quality
Benefits of compactneighbourhoods
Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity
Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity Housing
Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity Housing Transportation
Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity Housing Transportation Economy
Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity Housing Transportation Economy Social
Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity Housing Transportation Economy Social Energy
Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity Housing Transportation Economy Social Energy Landscape
Density and built-form
Perceptions of density
Perceptions of density Higher density does not mean building tall
Perceptions of density Higher density does not mean building tall Good design can enable higher densities to be achieved u...
What does it mean?
What does it mean?Higher density doesnot mean smallerbuilding units
What does it mean?Higher density doesnot mean smallerbuilding unitsGenerous space canbe accommodated athigher densitiesthr...
Density and urban form
Density and urban form Wembley tall building study
Density and urban form Wembley tall building study Analysis by REAL shows how the same density can be delivered by varying...
Density and urban form Wembley tall building study Analysis by REAL shows how the same density can be delivered by varying...
Measuring density
Measuring density
Measuring densityDwellings per hectare (dph)
Measuring densityDwellings per hectare (dph)Square metres per hectare
Measuring densityDwellings per hectare (dph)Square metres per hectareFloor area ratio (FAR) or plot ratio
Measuring densityDwellings per hectare (dph)Square metres per hectareFloor area ratio (FAR) or plot ratioBedspaces per hec...
Measuring densityDwellings per hectare (dph)Square metres per hectareFloor area ratio (FAR) or plot ratioBedspaces per hec...
Determining appropriate densities
Factors which determineappropriate density
Factors which determine appropriate density1. Surrounding built form
Factors which determine appropriate density1. Surrounding built form2. Capacity of facilities
Factors which determine appropriate density1. Surrounding built form2. Capacity of facilities3. Housing types
Factors which determine appropriate density1. Surrounding built form2. Capacity of facilities3. Housing types4. Need for d...
Models of urban capacity
Density and time
Evolution
EvolutionDensities should not be fixed for all time.
EvolutionDensities should not be fixed for all time.Should be able to respond in response toneed.
EvolutionDensities should not be fixed for all time.Should be able to respond in response toneed.Cumulative densities chan...
EvolutionDensities should not be fixed for all time.Should be able to respond in response toneed.Cumulative densities chan...
Key messages
Key messages
Key messages1. Higher densities can help to create successful places by   supporting local businesses, services and facili...
Key messages1. Higher densities can help to create successful places by   supporting local businesses, services and facili...
Key messages1. Higher densities can help to create successful places by   supporting local businesses, services and facili...
Thank you!
Density and mix, Annie Stott
Density and mix, Annie Stott
Density and mix, Annie Stott
Density and mix, Annie Stott
Density and mix, Annie Stott
Density and mix, Annie Stott
Density and mix, Annie Stott
Density and mix, Annie Stott
Density and mix, Annie Stott
Density and mix, Annie Stott
Density and mix, Annie Stott
Density and mix, Annie Stott
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Density and mix, Annie Stott

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UDSS11 'hot tips and tricks' session, day 2

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  • Amenity - Higher densities support mixed uses and can provide a balanced range of facilities within a 5–10 minute walk.\n Housing – The stock can more easily provide a wider range of housing types and tenures.\n Transportation – The development provides a customer base for effective public transport, while promoting cycling.\n Economy – The development can make local business more viable.\n Social – Passive surveillance and opportunities for social use of public spaces are improved.\n Energy – There are opportunities for more efficient form of energy supply, including local generation and distribution networks.\n Landscape – Countryside is retained and new landscape open space can be provided.\n
  • Amenity - Higher densities support mixed uses and can provide a balanced range of facilities within a 5–10 minute walk.\n Housing – The stock can more easily provide a wider range of housing types and tenures.\n Transportation – The development provides a customer base for effective public transport, while promoting cycling.\n Economy – The development can make local business more viable.\n Social – Passive surveillance and opportunities for social use of public spaces are improved.\n Energy – There are opportunities for more efficient form of energy supply, including local generation and distribution networks.\n Landscape – Countryside is retained and new landscape open space can be provided.\n
  • Amenity - Higher densities support mixed uses and can provide a balanced range of facilities within a 5–10 minute walk.\n Housing – The stock can more easily provide a wider range of housing types and tenures.\n Transportation – The development provides a customer base for effective public transport, while promoting cycling.\n Economy – The development can make local business more viable.\n Social – Passive surveillance and opportunities for social use of public spaces are improved.\n Energy – There are opportunities for more efficient form of energy supply, including local generation and distribution networks.\n Landscape – Countryside is retained and new landscape open space can be provided.\n
  • Amenity - Higher densities support mixed uses and can provide a balanced range of facilities within a 5–10 minute walk.\n Housing – The stock can more easily provide a wider range of housing types and tenures.\n Transportation – The development provides a customer base for effective public transport, while promoting cycling.\n Economy – The development can make local business more viable.\n Social – Passive surveillance and opportunities for social use of public spaces are improved.\n Energy – There are opportunities for more efficient form of energy supply, including local generation and distribution networks.\n Landscape – Countryside is retained and new landscape open space can be provided.\n
  • Amenity - Higher densities support mixed uses and can provide a balanced range of facilities within a 5–10 minute walk.\n Housing – The stock can more easily provide a wider range of housing types and tenures.\n Transportation – The development provides a customer base for effective public transport, while promoting cycling.\n Economy – The development can make local business more viable.\n Social – Passive surveillance and opportunities for social use of public spaces are improved.\n Energy – There are opportunities for more efficient form of energy supply, including local generation and distribution networks.\n Landscape – Countryside is retained and new landscape open space can be provided.\n
  • Amenity - Higher densities support mixed uses and can provide a balanced range of facilities within a 5–10 minute walk.\n Housing – The stock can more easily provide a wider range of housing types and tenures.\n Transportation – The development provides a customer base for effective public transport, while promoting cycling.\n Economy – The development can make local business more viable.\n Social – Passive surveillance and opportunities for social use of public spaces are improved.\n Energy – There are opportunities for more efficient form of energy supply, including local generation and distribution networks.\n Landscape – Countryside is retained and new landscape open space can be provided.\n
  • Amenity - Higher densities support mixed uses and can provide a balanced range of facilities within a 5–10 minute walk.\n Housing – The stock can more easily provide a wider range of housing types and tenures.\n Transportation – The development provides a customer base for effective public transport, while promoting cycling.\n Economy – The development can make local business more viable.\n Social – Passive surveillance and opportunities for social use of public spaces are improved.\n Energy – There are opportunities for more efficient form of energy supply, including local generation and distribution networks.\n Landscape – Countryside is retained and new landscape open space can be provided.\n
  • Amenity - Higher densities support mixed uses and can provide a balanced range of facilities within a 5–10 minute walk.\n Housing – The stock can more easily provide a wider range of housing types and tenures.\n Transportation – The development provides a customer base for effective public transport, while promoting cycling.\n Economy – The development can make local business more viable.\n Social – Passive surveillance and opportunities for social use of public spaces are improved.\n Energy – There are opportunities for more efficient form of energy supply, including local generation and distribution networks.\n Landscape – Countryside is retained and new landscape open space can be provided.\n
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  • Density is just one aspect of built form. Building height, block size and building typology will all affect the character of an area and the perceptions of density.\n Height does not necessarily increase density. High buildings can be less efficient in terms of the ratio of net to gross areas. Nor does a building need to be tall to be a landmark. \n The contribution that a tall building makes to the look of the street will depend on how it meets the ground.\n
  • Density is just one aspect of built form. Building height, block size and building typology will all affect the character of an area and the perceptions of density.\n Height does not necessarily increase density. High buildings can be less efficient in terms of the ratio of net to gross areas. Nor does a building need to be tall to be a landmark. \n The contribution that a tall building makes to the look of the street will depend on how it meets the ground.\n
  • Density is just one aspect of built form. Building height, block size and building typology will all affect the character of an area and the perceptions of density.\n Height does not necessarily increase density. High buildings can be less efficient in terms of the ratio of net to gross areas. Nor does a building need to be tall to be a landmark. \n The contribution that a tall building makes to the look of the street will depend on how it meets the ground.\n
  • The size of a dwelling is one of the main factors in defining who can live there and how they can use their home. \n Dwelling size often determines how comfortable people feel within a space and how much privacy the home offers. Good design and creative use of space can achieve both high quality and appropriate densities.\n Providing homes with adequate or generous space standards does not conflict with providing appropriate densities. \n The UK currently has the lowest space standards in Europe, with average homes at 76m2. Yet we also build to some of the lowest densities in Europe. In comparison, the Georgian house achieved some of the highest densities in the UK, while providing generous, flexible and adaptable spaces.3\n
  • The size of a dwelling is one of the main factors in defining who can live there and how they can use their home. \n Dwelling size often determines how comfortable people feel within a space and how much privacy the home offers. Good design and creative use of space can achieve both high quality and appropriate densities.\n Providing homes with adequate or generous space standards does not conflict with providing appropriate densities. \n The UK currently has the lowest space standards in Europe, with average homes at 76m2. Yet we also build to some of the lowest densities in Europe. In comparison, the Georgian house achieved some of the highest densities in the UK, while providing generous, flexible and adaptable spaces.3\n
  • The size of a dwelling is one of the main factors in defining who can live there and how they can use their home. \n Dwelling size often determines how comfortable people feel within a space and how much privacy the home offers. Good design and creative use of space can achieve both high quality and appropriate densities.\n Providing homes with adequate or generous space standards does not conflict with providing appropriate densities. \n The UK currently has the lowest space standards in Europe, with average homes at 76m2. Yet we also build to some of the lowest densities in Europe. In comparison, the Georgian house achieved some of the highest densities in the UK, while providing generous, flexible and adaptable spaces.3\n
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  • Density and mix, Annie Stott

    1. 1. Density and mix Hot tips and tricks by Annabel Stott
    2. 2. Key themes
    3. 3. Key themes1. Mixing uses
    4. 4. Key themes1. Mixing uses2. Density and quality
    5. 5. Key themes1. Mixing uses2. Density and quality3. Density and built-form
    6. 6. Key themes1. Mixing uses2. Density and quality3. Density and built-form4. Measuring density
    7. 7. Key themes1. Mixing uses2. Density and quality3. Density and built-form4. Measuring density5. Determining appropriate densities
    8. 8. Key themes1. Mixing uses2. Density and quality3. Density and built-form4. Measuring density5. Determining appropriate densities6. Density and time
    9. 9. Mixing uses
    10. 10. Mixing uses
    11. 11. Mixing usesLocating a mix of uses within a neighbourhoodcan encourage walking to shops and facilities,and provides a critical mass of customers for localbusinesses, creating opportunities for people towork locally, and making places for a wide rangeof people to participate in activities and meet eachother.
    12. 12. Mixing usesLocating a mix of uses within a neighbourhoodcan encourage walking to shops and facilities,and provides a critical mass of customers for localbusinesses, creating opportunities for people towork locally, and making places for a wide rangeof people to participate in activities and meet eachother.A mix of uses is required successful, vibrantplaces.
    13. 13. Where to locate?
    14. 14. Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.
    15. 15. Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.Uses requiring the most footfall should be located in places with the bestconnections, where they are easily accessible. They should be:
    16. 16. Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.Uses requiring the most footfall should be located in places with the bestconnections, where they are easily accessible. They should be: ■ At the junctions of movement routes
    17. 17. Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.Uses requiring the most footfall should be located in places with the bestconnections, where they are easily accessible. They should be: ■ At the junctions of movement routes ■ Served by public transport
    18. 18. Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.Uses requiring the most footfall should be located in places with the bestconnections, where they are easily accessible. They should be: ■ At the junctions of movement routes ■ Served by public transport ■ Easy to access and pleasant to use
    19. 19. Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.Uses requiring the most footfall should be located in places with the bestconnections, where they are easily accessible. They should be: ■ At the junctions of movement routes ■ Served by public transport ■ Easy to access and pleasant to use ■ Near to community facilities
    20. 20. Where to locate?To make mixed-use work consideration must be given where uses arelocated.Uses requiring the most footfall should be located in places with the bestconnections, where they are easily accessible. They should be: ■ At the junctions of movement routes ■ Served by public transport ■ Easy to access and pleasant to use ■ Near to community facilities ■ Convenient for parking
    21. 21. Density and Quality
    22. 22. Benefits of compactneighbourhoods
    23. 23. Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity
    24. 24. Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity Housing
    25. 25. Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity Housing Transportation
    26. 26. Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity Housing Transportation Economy
    27. 27. Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity Housing Transportation Economy Social
    28. 28. Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity Housing Transportation Economy Social Energy
    29. 29. Benefits of compactneighbourhoods Amenity Housing Transportation Economy Social Energy Landscape
    30. 30. Density and built-form
    31. 31. Perceptions of density
    32. 32. Perceptions of density Higher density does not mean building tall
    33. 33. Perceptions of density Higher density does not mean building tall Good design can enable higher densities to be achieved using a range of building and layout types
    34. 34. What does it mean?
    35. 35. What does it mean?Higher density doesnot mean smallerbuilding units
    36. 36. What does it mean?Higher density doesnot mean smallerbuilding unitsGenerous space canbe accommodated athigher densitiesthrough good designand a creative use ofvolume, light andoutdoor space
    37. 37. Density and urban form
    38. 38. Density and urban form Wembley tall building study
    39. 39. Density and urban form Wembley tall building study Analysis by REAL shows how the same density can be delivered by varying building height, block size and building depth
    40. 40. Density and urban form Wembley tall building study Analysis by REAL shows how the same density can be delivered by varying building height, block size and building depth In this example, the 3 storey perimeter blocks deliver the same density as the 22 storey block
    41. 41. Measuring density
    42. 42. Measuring density
    43. 43. Measuring densityDwellings per hectare (dph)
    44. 44. Measuring densityDwellings per hectare (dph)Square metres per hectare
    45. 45. Measuring densityDwellings per hectare (dph)Square metres per hectareFloor area ratio (FAR) or plot ratio
    46. 46. Measuring densityDwellings per hectare (dph)Square metres per hectareFloor area ratio (FAR) or plot ratioBedspaces per hectare
    47. 47. Measuring densityDwellings per hectare (dph)Square metres per hectareFloor area ratio (FAR) or plot ratioBedspaces per hectareHabitable rooms per hectare
    48. 48. Determining appropriate densities
    49. 49. Factors which determineappropriate density
    50. 50. Factors which determine appropriate density1. Surrounding built form
    51. 51. Factors which determine appropriate density1. Surrounding built form2. Capacity of facilities
    52. 52. Factors which determine appropriate density1. Surrounding built form2. Capacity of facilities3. Housing types
    53. 53. Factors which determine appropriate density1. Surrounding built form2. Capacity of facilities3. Housing types4. Need for different types of housing
    54. 54. Models of urban capacity
    55. 55. Density and time
    56. 56. Evolution
    57. 57. EvolutionDensities should not be fixed for all time.
    58. 58. EvolutionDensities should not be fixed for all time.Should be able to respond in response toneed.
    59. 59. EvolutionDensities should not be fixed for all time.Should be able to respond in response toneed.Cumulative densities change as areasevolve and mature.
    60. 60. EvolutionDensities should not be fixed for all time.Should be able to respond in response toneed.Cumulative densities change as areasevolve and mature.Lifetime Homes concept - allow for easeof adaptation
    61. 61. Key messages
    62. 62. Key messages
    63. 63. Key messages1. Higher densities can help to create successful places by supporting local businesses, services and facilities
    64. 64. Key messages1. Higher densities can help to create successful places by supporting local businesses, services and facilities2. Higher density does not mean building tall. Good design can enable higher densities to be achieved using a range of building and layout types
    65. 65. Key messages1. Higher densities can help to create successful places by supporting local businesses, services and facilities2. Higher density does not mean building tall. Good design can enable higher densities to be achieved using a range of building and layout types3. Higher density does not mean building smaller units. Generous space can be accommodated at higher densities through good design and a creative use of volume, light and outdoor space
    66. 66. Thank you!
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