Christmas in polan1

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  • 1. Christmas in Poland: Click here to go back In Poland, Christmas Eve is a very quiet time and has a twenty- four hour fast which ends with a huge feast. The feast can’t start until the first star appears at night. The feast contains twelve courses and is completely free of red meat. It contains fish, cabbage, dumplings, potatoes and a type of thin bread that is like holy bread. The fish that is used is usually herring, carp or pike. For the Polish people their twelve courses can also consist of fish soup.A tradition in Poland, that is not taken seriously is one where old people predict thenext year’s weather on what they see outside on January the sixth. In Poland theclimate is very icy and it almost always snows on Christmas Day.Some Polish people believe that if Christmas sees no snow, then Easter certainlywill, or if the Christmas tree sinks in water then an egg will roll on ice. Other beliefsinclude that the star that shines on Christmas Eve will make the hens lay more eggs.Some Polish girls believe that if they blindfold each other and touch fence pickets astraight smooth picket would portend a resourceful husband while a crooked andrough one was an indication of a clumsy and awkward husband.There are three types of Polish carols - religious, legendary and imaginative. Thereligious carols are among the most profound and beautiful of all Polish hymns. Thelegendary ones are based on the book of the Apocrypha containing many legendsand details for which strict historical truth can’t be assumed. The third kind owetheir life to people of humble birth, who in relating the story of the nativity usedfamiliar surroundings taken from their own homes. Click here to go back
  • 2. Christmas in France: Click here to go backNearly every French home duringChristmas displays a crèche or, in Englisha nativity scene, which serves as a focusfor the Christmas celebration. As early asthe 17th century, the forerunners of thedomestic crèche began to appear in theform homemade decorated glass calledgrottoes or rockeries. These were mainlyfound in upper and middle class homes.Neapolitan crèches enjoy great successin France.CelebrationUnlike some countries gifts are given outon the 6th of December. That is calledSaint Nicholas Day. Christmas has turnedout to be one of the main religious festivals in France. The procession of the Christchild and the visit to the crèche were essential elements of the traditionssurrounding this great celebration. In France, although Easter remained the majorreligious festival, the festivities connected with Christmas grew, as the many carolsand church or family creches demonstrate.In the Middle Ages, French carols were dances accompanied by singing. Also the"carol" was a kind of round dance. In time the "carol" changed its meaning,referring to only to certain kinds of songs. A number of currently popular AmericanChristmas carols came directly from France.Christmas is usually celebrated with all of the family coming together on ChristmasEve. Children in France put their sabots (shoes) in front of the fireplace where theyhope Pere Noel, Father Christmas, will fill them with presents.Pere Noels French partner is Pere Fouettard, father spanker, and he will "reward"bad children with a spanking.FoodThe midnight service on Christmas Eve is traditionally followed by a meal called "LeReveillion". Reveillion means to wake up or the first call of the day. Sidewalk cafesand restaurants are open all night serving "Le Reveillion". The meal can consist ofoysters, sausages, wines, baked ham, roast fowl, salads, fruit and pasta.DecorationThroughout France, one of the ways of decorating a house is by using many types offlowers. They put these flowers around the house in bunches or by themselves. Oneof the most common places for flowers is the table.This is the way French people celebrate Christmas.By ROBERT AND KIERON Click here to go backChristmas in Germany: Click here to go back
  • 3. Traditions inGermany The Christmas tree is a popular tradition in Germany. It started when St. Boniface was in the forest and came upon a group of Pagans that were worshipping an oak tree. St. Boniface walked over to the tree and cut it down from the roots of the oak tree and grew an evergreen tree and said this was the tree of Christ because it rose again like Christ came back from the dead. Itwasn’t till many years later that Martin Luther in Germany started the tradition ofdecorating the tree. He started to decorate it with candles and many years later itturned into the Christmas tree we have today. It is a tradition for Nikolaus to putslittle gifts and sweets or a rod in the boots of the children, on the eve of December the6Th. He leaves candy in the shoes of children who are good and switches to coal in theshoes of children who are bad. Nikolaus travels with his companion known variouslyas called Krampus, Pelzebock, Pelznickel, Hans, Muff, Bartel and Gumphinkel. Thecompanion is most commonly know as Knecht and he carries switches around to putin the shoes of the children who have been naughty.SantaIn Germany, Santa is called Nikolaus and he wears a red suit and has a long whitebeard. The origin of the name Nikolaus is a Greek bishop of Myra (acity now in Turkey. In Eastern Germany Nikolaus is also called Ash, Shaggy Goat orRider.TreatsGingerbread men and houses, pfefferneuse cookies are special treats. They also makeuncommon star cookies called Zimtsterne (Cinnamon Stars). They do not eatgingerbread like in Great Britain or Sweden. Our Lebkuchen is darker, bigger, softerand sweat and has the shape of hearts, stars, cubes and rods, sometimes with nuts ora very sweet filling.How They Count DownThey count down by lighting one candle on the first Sunday and they go to the fourthSunday. On Christmas Sunday they light a large white candle and place it in themiddle of the other candles. This originated in Germany as well.DecorationsIn 1880 glassmakers in Thuringia discover how to make blown glass balls and bells.They became decorations to trim the Christmas trees all over the world.How Presents are GivenDecember 6th, Nikolaus walks the streets on that night. He leaves presents in thechildren’s shoes. The children leave their shoes outside the door. If the children arebad, he leaves coal in their shoes. If they’re good he leaves candy and goods.The Day Before ChristmasThe 24th of December is the commemoration day (Catholic) of all ancestors of JesusChrist, especially Adam and Eve. The gifts under the Christmas Tree are brought bythe Christkind(Christ Child) and before or after opening them, the family has a special dinner. Insome regions they eat carp or turkey.Decorating the Christmas TreeOn Christmas Eve the parents set up the Christmas tree and decorate it. Once theyhave finished, the children open the presents. The rest of the family comes around onChristmas day.by Ben and Dean Click here to go back
  • 4. Australia -Merry Christmas Mexico - Feliz NavidadBelgium - Zalige Kertfeest Netherlands - Hartelijke KerstroetenBrazil - Feliz Natal Norway - Gledelig JulChina - Sheng Tan Kuai Loh Poland - Boze NarodzenieDenmark - Glaedelig Jul Portugal - Boas FestasEngland - Happy Christmas Romania - Sarbatori veseleFinland - Hauskaa Joulua Russia - Hristos RazdajetsjaFrance - Joyeux Noel Croatia - BozicGermany - Frohliche Weihnachten Slovenia - Screcno Novo LetoGreece - Eftihismena Christougenna Spain - Felices Pascuas, Feliz NavidadHungary Sweden - God JulIreland - Nodlig mhaith chugnat United States - Merry ChristmasIndonesia - Selamat Hari Natal Wales - Nadolig LlawenItaly - Buon Natale Yugoslavia - Cestitamo BozicJapan - Kurisumasu Omedeto