Cambodia

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A presentation we gave about our primary school project in the (recently ex) Khmer Rouge areas of Cambodia, founded in 2000.

It was given to the P&G Alumni's group in 2005, in London - and is still current, I think.

Published in: Education, Travel, Business

Cambodia

  1. 1. Cambodia …… a family story of change mick yates
  2. 4. Cambodia <ul><li>Land area 69,898 sq miles </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum height 5,948 feet (Phnom Aural) </li></ul><ul><li>Population 13,124,764 </li></ul><ul><li>Population / sq mile 190 </li></ul>England & Wales <ul><li>Land area 58,372 sq miles </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum height 3,560 feet (Snowdon) </li></ul><ul><li>Population 52,401,200 </li></ul><ul><li>Population / sq mile 897 </li></ul>
  3. 7. Cambodia <ul><li>Stone Age 5000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Funan Kingdom 1C AD </li></ul><ul><li>Chenla Kingdom 550 </li></ul><ul><li>Angkor Empire - Hindu 803 </li></ul><ul><li>Stone Age </li></ul><ul><li>Hadrian’s Wall built </li></ul><ul><li>Wales becomes Christian </li></ul><ul><li>Charlemagne - Emperor </li></ul>World
  4. 8. Cambodia <ul><li>Stone Age 5000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Funan Kingdom 1C AD </li></ul><ul><li>Chenla Kingdom 550 </li></ul><ul><li>Angkor Empire - Hindu 803 </li></ul><ul><li>Thai invasion - Buddhism 1431 </li></ul><ul><li>French Colony 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>Independence 1953 </li></ul><ul><li>US bombing 1969 </li></ul><ul><li>Stone Age </li></ul><ul><li>Hadrian’s Wall built </li></ul><ul><li>Wales becomes Christian </li></ul><ul><li>Charlemagne - Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Joan of Arc burnt at stake </li></ul><ul><li>Gettysburg Address </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Elizabeth crowned </li></ul><ul><li>US Moon Landing </li></ul>World
  5. 9. Cambodia <ul><li>Stone Age 5000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Funan Kingdom 1C AD </li></ul><ul><li>Chenla Kingdom 550 </li></ul><ul><li>Angkor Empire - Hindu 803 </li></ul><ul><li>Thai invasion - Buddhism 1431 </li></ul><ul><li>French Colony 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>Independence 1953 </li></ul><ul><li>US bombing 1969 </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer Rouge 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam invasion 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Reconciliation” 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Stone Age </li></ul><ul><li>Hadrian’s Wall built </li></ul><ul><li>Wales becomes Christian </li></ul><ul><li>Charlemagne - Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Joan of Arc burnt at stake </li></ul><ul><li>Gettysburg Address </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Elizabeth crowned </li></ul><ul><li>US Moon Landing </li></ul><ul><li>First PC </li></ul><ul><li>Margaret Thatcher - PM </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Clinton - President </li></ul><ul><li>International Space Station </li></ul>World
  6. 11. <ul><li>Pol Pot was born in 1925 into a well-to-do family, and given a scholarship by King Sihanouk to study in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>From 1970 his Khmer Rouge forces fought a civil war against the US-backed Lon Nol government </li></ul><ul><li>The Khmer Rouge captured Phnom Penh April 17, 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>In 3 years, an estimated 1.8 million people died – 200,000 killed, and 1.6 million of starvation </li></ul><ul><li>The Vietnamese stopped the killing by 1979, but were ostracised by the UN – the Khmer Rouge were included as official representatives of Cambodia </li></ul><ul><li>April 1998, Pol Pot died just north of Anlong Veng from an apparent heart attack … and his body was burned </li></ul><ul><li>Today, there is a tourist shrine marking his grave …. </li></ul>
  7. 12. <ul><li>if you were a teacher, doctor, professional or lawyer… </li></ul><ul><li>… or if you wore glasses, or could speak a foreign language, or were educated </li></ul><ul><li>you were classified as an enemy - you were arrested, interrogated, tortured </li></ul><ul><li>and then killed </li></ul>
  8. 13. 16,000 people went into Tuol Sleng School 7 came out alive
  9. 15. <ul><li>Ta Mok is known as &quot;the butcher&quot; for his role in the violence during the Khmer Rouge rule in 1975-78 </li></ul><ul><li>After defeat by the Vietnamese in 1979, Ta Mok set up his base at Anlong Veng </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1990s he was very influential as he commanded 70 percent of the Khmer Rouge army </li></ul><ul><li>1992 saw a national election organized by the UN, but the Khmer Rouge refused to be involved </li></ul><ul><li>Ta Mok was captured in 1999 and now is in jail awaiting trial on charges of genocide </li></ul><ul><li>Only then did the “Reconciliation Areas” become open to the rest of the world …. </li></ul>
  10. 16. Source: UNICEF 60.1 million 13.2 million Population 100% 30% Safe water 11.5 33.2 Birth rate/ 1000 people 78 57 Life expectancy 7 470 Mother Mortality / 100,000 births 5 96 Infant Mortality / 1,000 births 99 / 99% 81 / 57 % Adult Literacy male / female Britain Cambodia
  11. 17. Source: UNICEF 18.8 % 41.3 % Population 0-14 years old 60.1 million 13.2 million Population 100% 30% Safe water 11.5 33.2 Birth rate/ 1000 people 78 57 Life expectancy 1.6% 10% Inflation rate 7 470 Mother Mortality / 100,000 births 5 96 Infant Mortality / 1,000 births £ 15,619 £ 167 Income per person 100 / 100% 82 / 74 % Primary school enrolment m / f 99 / 99% 81 / 57 % Adult Literacy male / female Britain Cambodia
  12. 18. Save the Children <ul><li>Started in England in 1919 by Eglantyne Jebb </li></ul><ul><li>Led to the UN “Convention on the Rights of the Child” </li></ul><ul><li>Defined modern Charities – scientific approach </li></ul><ul><li>Now the World’s largest independent Children’s Charity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>an Alliance of 27 independent Members (e.g. STC US, UK, Norway) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health, Education, Exploitation, Nutrition, Crisis, HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Works in over 111 countries </li></ul>
  13. 26. Reconciliation Area Project 2000-2003 <ul><li>Run by the Provincial Education Office in Siem Reap and Save the Children (Norway), funded by SCN and private donors </li></ul><ul><li>Covered four districts: Angkor Chum and Varin in Siem Reap; Anlong Veng and Trapang Prasat in Udor Meanchey </li></ul><ul><li>The objectives were numerically defined around </li></ul><ul><ul><li>increasing children's enrolment and grade promotion rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assisting schools in building sustainable infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>providing better learning environments for children </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Activities included </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction of school buildings, playgrounds, wells and toilets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library and resource center construction, training librarians, provision of materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School management and administration training, practice and provision of material and equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child Friendly Learning training for teachers and school administrators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving school-home relationships through parent associations </li></ul></ul>
  14. 35. HRH Sihanouk HRH Sihamoni
  15. 36. Enrolment Results %Girls = 49% %Girls = 50% 89 15456 30780 39 6251 12790 Total 89 3082 6219 47 1316 2724 Varin 89 6699 13363 42 2497 5515 Angkor Chum 88 2159 4286 38 1258 2314 Trapang Prasat 89 3516 6912 30 1180 2237 Anlong Veng (all) girls All (all) girls All % Enrolment % Enrolment 2002 - 2003 1999   “ Reconciliation Areas”
  16. 37. Grade Promotion Results %Girls = 49% %Girls = 51% 83 10976 21551 53 3355 6793 Total 80 2005 3911 53 709 1442 Varin 86 5098 9995 61 1657 3348 Angkor Chum 83 1670 3282 40 453 904 Trapang Prasat 82 2203 4364 48 536 1069 Anlong Veng (all) girls All (all) girls All % Promotion % Promotion 2002 - 2003 1999   “ Reconciliation Areas”
  17. 38. Drop Out Results %Girls = 53% %Girls = 50% 6 758 1512 13 899 1694 Total 4 103 205 8 121 228 Varin 6 326 653 10 286 540 Angkor Chum 8 152 301 21 252 489 Trapang Prasat 7 177 353 20 240 437 Anlong Veng (all) girls All (all) girls All % Drop Out % Drop Out 2002 - 2003 1999   “ Reconciliation Areas”
  18. 39. Teachers on the ground 88 23 41 47 17 6 Teachers Voluntary Formal Voluntary Formal 2002 1999 2454 5316 Girls All 2002 18 new schools
  19. 40. Capitalising on opportunity … <ul><li>A little bird at the UN told us that the Japanese Government had $200 hundred million dollars left over from the aid offered to SE Asia for the 1997 currency crisis … </li></ul><ul><li>…… .. so the team went after some of it ........! </li></ul><ul><li>Save the Children Norway had never accepted money from another Government </li></ul><ul><li>They had also steered well clear of World Bank oversight in previous programs </li></ul>PERSUASIVE SELLING, ANYBODY?
  20. 41. JSDF / World Bank program <ul><li>$1.6 Million over two years … 2001-2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Two Provinces around the Reconciliation Areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) to promote access of the most vulnerable children to basic education, especially girls, within the Cambodian Government framework of “Education for All” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) to strengthen interaction with NGOs and Government Agencies and integrate school learning with local development activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“… reflected both the experience and capacity of Save the Children Norway to implement education programs for vulnerable children in Cambodia, and the participation of local communities” </li></ul>OTHERWISE KNOWN AS FOLLOWING A SUCCESSFUL TEST MARKET!!
  21. 42. <ul><li>New - 23 Primary Schools, 25 Mini schools & 7 Education Offices </li></ul><ul><li>82,900 children affected </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very significant increases in enrolment in schools (from 59% to 91% across all districts, exceeding original targets) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equally significant increases in promotion rates in schools (from 57% to 83%, again exceeding original targets) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The dropout rate compared very favourably with other similar schools in Cambodia </li></ul></ul>JSDF / World Bank – results NOW WHAT … EXPAND FURTHER?
  22. 43. <ul><li>$1.8 Million over two years … 2003-2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Granted in record time (around 3 months) </li></ul><ul><li>The JSDF does not usually make second grants </li></ul><ul><li>Covered 2 new Provinces </li></ul><ul><li>…………… and so it goes on! </li></ul>JSDF / World Bank – 2nd grant
  23. 44. <ul><li>Cambodian Field Office is now one of their biggest </li></ul><ul><li>Save the Children Norway is growing globally </li></ul><ul><li>Has a rejuvenated private fund raising program </li></ul><ul><li>Seen as the Primary Education expert by NGO peers </li></ul><ul><li>Considered a great partner by Education Authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Motivated staff! </li></ul>Save the Children Norway
  24. 45. So what did we learn from our journey? <ul><li>Always respect your “customers” and what they do </li></ul><ul><li>Find out what is really going on – be there, all of you </li></ul><ul><li>The 80:20 rule – we are more the same than different </li></ul><ul><li>Clear vision & strategy, execute 100% – and measure! </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt the best technology and techniques to the need </li></ul><ul><li>Bring other people along – lead & build partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Look to make things sustainable – prepare to leave </li></ul><ul><li>See each step as a test for the next one </li></ul><ul><li>Treat it all as a learning experience for everyone </li></ul>10. Have fun!!
  25. 48. Cambodia …… a family story of change mick yates

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