Catching up, moving on


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Presentation to 3rd Wildau Conference on RFID

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  • Why catching up?No co-ordinated approach by libraries – fragmented market
  • Quick review of the history
  • Different imperatives have driven demandIn the public libraries – to reduce staffing, in the academics to extend accessEven greater cuts now anticipatedNew suppliers with new ideas/different data models and different data/more UNIQUE solutions e.g. Complete replication of circ system. Use counts on tags, bib data on tags, location data on tags
  • Some access control, some borrower registration but 99% self-service circulationLibrarians themselves force creation of solutions that don’t work well/at all with LMS e.g. use counts on stock items, offline circulation“Partnerships” create monopolies, prevent choice and changeSome RFID suppliers limited in their response to challenge others over-ambitious
  • Tags declared “end of life” by manufacturerSoftware “tweaks” to extract barcode data from variety of data modelsNo standardisation of owning authority ID (pre ISIL)OversellingBecame clear that we needed to learn from our neighbours
  • Modified DDM used by a few suppliersNo real consensus on best way forwardBSI intervened in BIC Standards committee to promote 28560-2
  • Taking the pulse of UK RFID Why do they buy it?What are they doing with it?What do they want from it?
  • Self service still most important but decliningSecurity not good“Me too” factor has almost disappeared
  • Cash handling and borrower admin major growth areasStock management showing slight growth
  • No longer just a self-service technologyAwareness of the value of standards increasing
  • Where now?
  • Libraries want to exploit this expensive technology moreAll UK RFID vendors identified SIP as a key factor holding back developmentNCIP is circulation protocol but challenge is to find better ways to use/manage stock in all areas
  • Children’s libraryOffline circ/ILL without the need for LMS intervention
  • Catching up, moving on

    1. 1. Catching up, moving on - the UK library RFID market today<br />Mick Fortune<br />Library RFID Ltd.<br />3. Wildauer Symposium "RFID und Medien“ 5 Oktober 2010<br />
    2. 2. Catching up?<br />
    3. 3. First 10 years<br />First deployed in 1998 (at University of Central Lancashire)<br />First public library (Norwich) 2000/1<br />Slow but steady growth across all sectors<br />Mostly self service<br />Mostly SIP driven - using barcode number only<br />Almost exclusively linked to LMS<br />
    4. 4. Market trends<br />Demand for self-service increased - driven by cuts in library budgets<br />More suppliers/more data models/more solutions<br />Growing demand for additional functionality from libraries increased data requirements<br />Little interoperability between LMS/RFID and RFID/RFID<br />
    5. 5. The role of the LMS in UK Library RFID development<br />RFID use in libraries almost exclusively linked to LMS<br />Librarians demanded new functionality from RFID vendors <br />New solutions didn’t interoperate<br />Some LMS/RFID solutions were unique, non-transferable<br />
    6. 6. Late 2008 – Signs of Change<br />By 2008 early adopters had begun to discover limitations/problems:<br />Major re-tagging and software re-writes<br />Clients effectively prevented from switching suppliers<br />“Horror” stories emerge of unusable hardware, wasted investments<br />BIC asked to help promote a UK standard<br />
    7. 7. Creating a UK standard<br />Unlike other countries the UK had no national data standard.<br />However the UK (through BSI) were promoting ISO 28560.<br />Meeting in early 2009 of all UK LMS and RFID suppliers opted to use 28560-2<br />UK Data model – using subset of 28560-2 agreed in mid 2009 (revised 2010)<br />
    8. 8. Surveys<br />In 2009 and 2010 I conducted a survey of UK library uses of RFID on behalf of BIC/MLA<br />2009 <br />51 replies altogether, 27 active sites<br />2010<br />168 replies altogether, 114 active sites<br />
    9. 9. Main reasons<br />
    10. 10. Main uses<br />
    11. 11. Attitudes (%)<br />
    12. 12. Moving on?<br />
    13. 13. Meeting Market Demands<br />Frustrations with SIP evident among UK RFID community<br />New functionality is required – automated accessioning, smart shelves need new protocols, faster execution<br />Some US ILS vendors already ignoring SIP<br />NISO report slow uptake of NCIP<br />
    14. 14. A new SIP?<br />Meeting in London in January 2010 to discuss options for change<br />3M announced SIP 3.0<br />BIC group decided to develop new communications infrastructure<br />3M and NISO (NCIP) kept advised<br />NISO circulating working papers to NCIP group<br />
    15. 15. Some Clarifications<br />Not prescriptive<br />Should be readily translatable to XML , SIP 3.0 or…<br />First objective will be to support existing SIP 2.0 functionality<br />All 3rd party providers using SIP invited to participate<br />
    16. 16. Progress so far<br />First draft of new protocol was discussed in midSeptember 2010<br />Well received by all parties (LMS, RFID, Libraries, Media suppliers)<br />3M and NCIP sent copies of draft protocol<br />First web service trial being builtby TALIS and Intellident<br />
    17. 17. 2010 – A Snapshot<br />New applications:<br />University of Cardiff smart library, Trafford Metropolitan Borough smart accessioning<br />Economic pressures will force a more collaborative agenda for UK libraries<br />Greater resource sharing will need increased use of standards<br />
    18. 18. Next Steps<br />Complete and agree new communications standards<br />Re-examine UK data model usage<br />Continue to monitor developments in UHF<br />Work more closely with smart card providers<br />
    19. 19. RFID/LMS – Competing or Co-operating?<br />Many RFID ambitions go beyond current ability of LMS to support<br />LMS development increasingly focused on resource discovery and virtual collection management<br />Opportunity for RFID? <br />
    20. 20. Thank You!<br />Mick Fortune<br />Library RFID Ltd.<br />t. +44 1865 727411<br />m. +44 7786 625544<br />e.<br />w.<br />b.<br />