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Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
Improve Delivery
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Improve Delivery

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A training aide to help radio people improve on-air performance

A training aide to help radio people improve on-air performance

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  • 1. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Presenter </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Marcotte, PRNDI NewsWorks </li></ul>
  • 2. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Goals of this Session: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Listen & Analyze Your Delivery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Address Weaknesses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Practice Good Habits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop Your Style </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 3. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Listen for the Components of Your Delivery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your Physical Voice -- your core speaking apparatus – your sound foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your Vocal Control – your performance tools – where most improvements are </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your Methods, Message & Environment – the many other things that affect delivery </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Your Physical Voice: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diaphragm/lung capacity – your source of air, volume, rhythm </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Larynx/vocal cords – your source of vibration, pitch </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pharynx/nasal cavity – your source of resonance, control, shaping, tempo </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tongue/teeth/musculature – your source of enunciation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 5. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Your Vocal Control: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pitch – high and low tones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tempo – slow and fast speed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Volume – soft and loud intensity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rhythm – stops and starts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enunciation – articulation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 6. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Pitch – Variations convey meaning: </li></ul><ul><li>Level 4 – special emphasis high end </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 – primary stress up slightly from optimum </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 – home base optimum pitch </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 – finality low end </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use Level 2 for most of your pitch. Find level 2 at about 1/3 up your total range. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Total range is between lowest note and highest note you can sing. Habitual pitch is usually higher, near middle.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use Level 3 for key words or ideas. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use Level 1 at end of sentences or ideas. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use Level 4 rarely, for special emphasis, or in sports. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 7. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Tempo – your reading rate. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most people read between 140 to 180 words per minute. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed up to add energy (by contracting vowel sounds). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow down to emphasize (by expanding vowel sounds). A slow rate can be tedious if listeners are familiar with your content. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing tempo creates unpredictability. </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Volume – your amplitude. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use normal speaking levels in a studio. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never be too loud or too low for comfort. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain fairly consistent volume, using variations for emphasis and variety. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More volume requires more breath. </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Rhythm – the use of pauses between words, phrases and sentences. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vary according to ideas conveyed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staccato can add emphasis, but don’t overuse. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use longer pauses before or after a word or phrase to add dramatic effect. </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Enunciation – the clear, natural articulation of vowels, consonants and their combinations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t over enunciate but don’t use lazy speech either. </li></ul></ul>
  • 11. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Your Methods, Message and Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pronunciation/Dialect </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Script/Writing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concentration/Interpretation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eyesight/Hearing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confidence/Practice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mic Placement/Acoustics/Settings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health/Stress </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 12. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Analyze Your Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen to recordings of yourself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Listen as a stranger </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be kind </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Note strengths </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Note weaknesses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Practice one improvement at a time </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 13. Improving Your Delivery
  • 14. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Traits </li></ul><ul><li>*** </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to Each Other </li></ul><ul><li>Offer One Suggestion </li></ul>
  • 15. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Actual Delivery Samples: </li></ul>
  • 16. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Rate Your Impressions (1-low, 5-high) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Overall Likeability 1 2 3 4 5 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Any Distractions (weaknesses)? Describe: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Traits 1 2 3 4 5 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Vocal Control 1 2 3 4 5 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Method/Other 1 2 3 4 5 </li></ul>
  • 17. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Sample Copy: </li></ul><ul><li>The Gateway Company has announced plans to close its main operations in Ireland and the United Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>The computer maker blames slow overseas sales… and an overall decline in the personal computer market. </li></ul><ul><li>The move effectively pulls Gateway out of Europe. Some reports indicate Asia may be next. </li></ul>
  • 18. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Rate Your Impressions (1-low, 5-high) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Overall Likeability 1 2 3 4 5 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Any Distractions (weaknesses)? Describe: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Traits 1 2 3 4 5 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Vocal Control 1 2 3 4 5 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Method/Other 1 2 3 4 5 </li></ul>
  • 19. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Practice Good Habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Goal: Clarity + Humanity = Trusted Delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clarity conveys information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Makes the intellectual connection </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shows preparedness, believability </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Humanity conveys feeling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Makes the emotional connection </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides the basis for sincerity, authenticity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 20. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Practice Good Habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage Your Physical Voice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise the diaphragm. Use diaphragmatic breathing. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use good posture. Stand up if possible. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Warm up the larynx, pharynx, jaw and tongue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tongue-twisters </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Therapeutic copy (designed to address weaknesses) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exaggerate pitch, rhythm, tempo, enunciation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 21. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Practice Good Habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage Your Vocal Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relax! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-broadcast stretch, exercise </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deep cleansing breath (during countdown) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remove the headphones (if free to do so) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Inhabit Your Copy” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>know what it says, what it means </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>picture it, feel it </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>use hand and facial gestures </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 22. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Practice Good Habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage Your Methods, Message, Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Work your Script </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Write it the way you say it </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-read all copy out loud </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tongue trips occur between the eye and mouth – fix the offending source </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One idea per sentence </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark copy as needed – such as key words, optional end points, etc </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 23. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Practice Good Habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage Your Methods, Message, Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pronounce words properly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-read to avoid surprises </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use clear pronouncers, liberally </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look up, check any questionable terms, names </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid Regional or Ethnic Dialects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strive to use General American dialect </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No dialect is inferior to another but local or ethnic dialects may prove distracting to some in large or distant audiences </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 24. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Practice Good Habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage Your Methods, Message, Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be natural. Be conversational. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speak to one listener – a likeable acquaintance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use a volume consistent with a 3-5 foot distance to the listener </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relax but assert control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be empathic but not emotional </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be focused but not intense </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 25. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Practice Good Habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage Your Methods, Message, Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be Alert. Be present. Concentrate. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Get good rest, diet, exercise </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ignore distractions, keep focus on the listener </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shun last minute-itis </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Know your microphone & settings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stay on microphone “beam” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aim breath past microphone diaphragm/element </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set levels in advance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 26. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Practice Good Habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage Your Methods, Message, Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aircheck Frequently. Practice for Improvement. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have supervisor provide feedback </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on improving one aspect at a time </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is okay to develop an on-air style that may be different than your day to day voice – provided it serves you and your listener. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 27. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Develop Your Style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn a weakness into a strength. David Brinkley’s halting delivery was his trademark. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The more you “perform” the more you risk losing authenticity. Base your style on what comes naturally. </li></ul></ul>
  • 28. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Develop Your Style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Style can be associated with the content. Are you more “Reflective?” “Hard boiled?” “Nutty?” “Motherly?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newscasters succeed when their delivery is not even noticed. However they may still have a style – it just happens not to call attention to itself. </li></ul></ul>
  • 29. Improving Your Delivery <ul><li>Presenter </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Marcotte, PRNDI NewsWorks </li></ul>

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