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Improve Delivery

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A training aide to help radio people improve on-air performance

A training aide to help radio people improve on-air performance

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  • 1. Improving Your Delivery
    • Presenter
    • Michael Marcotte, PRNDI NewsWorks
  • 2. Improving Your Delivery
    • Goals of this Session:
        • Listen & Analyze Your Delivery
        • Address Weaknesses
        • Practice Good Habits
        • Develop Your Style
  • 3. Improving Your Delivery
    • Listen for the Components of Your Delivery
      • Your Physical Voice -- your core speaking apparatus – your sound foundation
      • Your Vocal Control – your performance tools – where most improvements are
      • Your Methods, Message & Environment – the many other things that affect delivery
  • 4. Improving Your Delivery
    • Your Physical Voice:
          • Diaphragm/lung capacity – your source of air, volume, rhythm
          • Larynx/vocal cords – your source of vibration, pitch
          • Pharynx/nasal cavity – your source of resonance, control, shaping, tempo
          • Tongue/teeth/musculature – your source of enunciation
  • 5. Improving Your Delivery
    • Your Vocal Control:
        • Pitch – high and low tones
        • Tempo – slow and fast speed
        • Volume – soft and loud intensity
        • Rhythm – stops and starts
        • Enunciation – articulation
  • 6. Improving Your Delivery
    • Pitch – Variations convey meaning:
    • Level 4 – special emphasis high end
    • Level 3 – primary stress up slightly from optimum
    • Level 2 – home base optimum pitch
    • Level 1 – finality low end
        • Use Level 2 for most of your pitch. Find level 2 at about 1/3 up your total range.
        • (Total range is between lowest note and highest note you can sing. Habitual pitch is usually higher, near middle.)
        • Use Level 3 for key words or ideas.
        • Use Level 1 at end of sentences or ideas.
        • Use Level 4 rarely, for special emphasis, or in sports.
  • 7. Improving Your Delivery
    • Tempo – your reading rate.
      • Most people read between 140 to 180 words per minute.
      • Speed up to add energy (by contracting vowel sounds).
      • Slow down to emphasize (by expanding vowel sounds). A slow rate can be tedious if listeners are familiar with your content.
      • Changing tempo creates unpredictability.
  • 8. Improving Your Delivery
    • Volume – your amplitude.
      • Use normal speaking levels in a studio.
      • Never be too loud or too low for comfort.
      • Maintain fairly consistent volume, using variations for emphasis and variety.
      • More volume requires more breath.
  • 9. Improving Your Delivery
    • Rhythm – the use of pauses between words, phrases and sentences.
      • Vary according to ideas conveyed.
      • Staccato can add emphasis, but don’t overuse.
      • Use longer pauses before or after a word or phrase to add dramatic effect.
  • 10. Improving Your Delivery
    • Enunciation – the clear, natural articulation of vowels, consonants and their combinations.
      • Don’t over enunciate but don’t use lazy speech either.
  • 11. Improving Your Delivery
    • Your Methods, Message and Environment
        • Pronunciation/Dialect
        • Script/Writing
        • Concentration/Interpretation
        • Eyesight/Hearing
        • Confidence/Practice
        • Mic Placement/Acoustics/Settings
        • Health/Stress
  • 12. Improving Your Delivery
    • Analyze Your Delivery
    •  
      • Listen to recordings of yourself
        • Listen as a stranger
        • Be kind
        • Note strengths
        • Note weaknesses
        • Practice one improvement at a time
  • 13. Improving Your Delivery
  • 14. Improving Your Delivery
    • Exercise
    • Listen to Examples
    • Identify Traits
    • ***
    • Listen to Each Other
    • Offer One Suggestion
  • 15. Improving Your Delivery
    • Actual Delivery Samples:
  • 16. Improving Your Delivery
    •  
    • Rate Your Impressions (1-low, 5-high)
    •  
    • Overall Likeability 1 2 3 4 5
    •  
    • Any Distractions (weaknesses)? Describe:
    •  
    • Physical Traits 1 2 3 4 5
    •  
    • Vocal Control 1 2 3 4 5
    •  
    • Method/Other 1 2 3 4 5
  • 17. Improving Your Delivery
    • Sample Copy:
    • The Gateway Company has announced plans to close its main operations in Ireland and the United Kingdom.
    • The computer maker blames slow overseas sales… and an overall decline in the personal computer market.
    • The move effectively pulls Gateway out of Europe. Some reports indicate Asia may be next.
  • 18. Improving Your Delivery
    •  
    • Rate Your Impressions (1-low, 5-high)
    •  
    • Overall Likeability 1 2 3 4 5
    •  
    • Any Distractions (weaknesses)? Describe:
    •  
    • Physical Traits 1 2 3 4 5
    •  
    • Vocal Control 1 2 3 4 5
    •  
    • Method/Other 1 2 3 4 5
  • 19. Improving Your Delivery
    • Practice Good Habits
      • The Goal: Clarity + Humanity = Trusted Delivery
        • Clarity conveys information
          • Makes the intellectual connection
          • Shows preparedness, believability
        • Humanity conveys feeling
          • Makes the emotional connection
          • Provides the basis for sincerity, authenticity
  • 20. Improving Your Delivery
    • Practice Good Habits
      • Manage Your Physical Voice
        • Exercise the diaphragm. Use diaphragmatic breathing.
        • Use good posture. Stand up if possible.
        • Warm up the larynx, pharynx, jaw and tongue
          • Tongue-twisters
          • Therapeutic copy (designed to address weaknesses)
          • Exaggerate pitch, rhythm, tempo, enunciation
  • 21. Improving Your Delivery
    • Practice Good Habits
      • Manage Your Vocal Control
        • Relax!
          • Pre-broadcast stretch, exercise
          • Deep cleansing breath (during countdown)
        • Remove the headphones (if free to do so)
        • “ Inhabit Your Copy”
          • know what it says, what it means
          • picture it, feel it
          • use hand and facial gestures
  • 22. Improving Your Delivery
    • Practice Good Habits
      • Manage Your Methods, Message, Environment
        • Work your Script
          • Write it the way you say it
          • Pre-read all copy out loud
          • Tongue trips occur between the eye and mouth – fix the offending source
          • One idea per sentence
          • Mark copy as needed – such as key words, optional end points, etc
  • 23. Improving Your Delivery
    • Practice Good Habits
      • Manage Your Methods, Message, Environment
        • Pronounce words properly
          • Pre-read to avoid surprises
          • Use clear pronouncers, liberally
          • Look up, check any questionable terms, names
        • Avoid Regional or Ethnic Dialects
          • Strive to use General American dialect
          • No dialect is inferior to another but local or ethnic dialects may prove distracting to some in large or distant audiences
  • 24. Improving Your Delivery
    • Practice Good Habits
      • Manage Your Methods, Message, Environment
      • Be natural. Be conversational.
        • Speak to one listener – a likeable acquaintance
        • Use a volume consistent with a 3-5 foot distance to the listener
        • Relax but assert control
        • Be empathic but not emotional
        • Be focused but not intense
  • 25. Improving Your Delivery
    • Practice Good Habits
      • Manage Your Methods, Message, Environment
        • Be Alert. Be present. Concentrate.
          • Get good rest, diet, exercise
          • Ignore distractions, keep focus on the listener
          • Shun last minute-itis
        • Know your microphone & settings
          • Stay on microphone “beam”
          • Aim breath past microphone diaphragm/element
          • Set levels in advance
  • 26. Improving Your Delivery
    • Practice Good Habits
      • Manage Your Methods, Message, Environment
        • Aircheck Frequently. Practice for Improvement.
          • Have supervisor provide feedback
          • Focus on improving one aspect at a time
          • It is okay to develop an on-air style that may be different than your day to day voice – provided it serves you and your listener.
  • 27. Improving Your Delivery
    • Develop Your Style
      • Turn a weakness into a strength. David Brinkley’s halting delivery was his trademark.
      • The more you “perform” the more you risk losing authenticity. Base your style on what comes naturally.
  • 28. Improving Your Delivery
    • Develop Your Style
      • Style can be associated with the content. Are you more “Reflective?” “Hard boiled?” “Nutty?” “Motherly?”
      • Newscasters succeed when their delivery is not even noticed. However they may still have a style – it just happens not to call attention to itself.
  • 29. Improving Your Delivery
    • Presenter
    • Michael Marcotte, PRNDI NewsWorks

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