By Michelle Schroeder<br />Internet Filtering in South Korea<br />
Background<br />South Korea was established in 1948<br />Openly approving North Korean government is illegal and a lot of internet filtering pertains to this<br />Thousands of South Koreans since South Korea has been established have been arrested under the anti-communist National Security Law<br />Investigations and arrests are still happening today even though South Korea and North Korea are trying to get along.<br />
Background<br />More than 89 percent of South Korean households have Internet access, making South Korea the most connected country<br />There are over 30,000 internet cafes<br />Three South Korean internet service providers control nearly 85% of the internet market<br />The largest is KorNet which provides about half of the ADSL lines, which then makes KorNet the largest ADSL supplier in the world.<br />
Internet Filtering<br />South Korean filters many areas such as political content related to North Korea, gambling sites, pirated software, pornography sites, and so on<br />South Korea has state ethic guidelines<br />This is where most South Korean search engines require users to verify they are at least 19 years old before allowing access to porn sites<br />
Legal and Regulatory Frameworks<br />The NSL is the primary regulation governing Internet speech in South Korea<br />NSL was designed to prevent communist ideology and pro-North Korean sentiment<br />This statute provides up to years of imprisonment<br />ISPs are responsible for policing content on their networks<br />There is a government list of around 120,000 sites in which the ISPs are required to filter<br />
Legal and Regulatory Frameworks<br />Internet access facilities such as Internet Cafes and public libraries are required to install internet filtering software<br />The Youth Protection Act of 1997 made ISPs officially responsible for policing the internet<br />Under this act, homosexual content is considered “harmful and obscene”<br />In 2003 this homosexual content provision was removed because of outcries<br />
ONI Testing Results<br />The testing revealed that South Korea filters content related to North Korea, a handful of sites dedicated to gambling, and two sites devoted to pirated software<br />ONI’s test suggested that there is little blocking of sensitive content in South Korea<br />ONI’s testing registered no blocks on pornography sites and homosexual content<br />Minor’s access is restricted though by requiring age identification<br />
Conclusion<br />South Korea is the most connected country, yet the citizens of this country are not able to have access to unfiltered internet<br />Citizens of South Korea are often held liable and arrested for going against South Korean internet filtering laws<br />
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