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Zorgidee 2014: Het potentieel van zorgrobotica - Bram Vanderborght
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Zorgidee 2014: Het potentieel van zorgrobotica - Bram Vanderborght

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“Robotprof krijgt 1,5 miljoen voor toponderzoek” titelde de kranten afgelopen zomer. Prof. Bram Vanderborght van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel kreeg met zijn onderzoeksgroep de subsidie van de …

“Robotprof krijgt 1,5 miljoen voor toponderzoek” titelde de kranten afgelopen zomer. Prof. Bram Vanderborght van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel kreeg met zijn onderzoeksgroep de subsidie van de European Research Council toegewezen voor onderzoek naar een nieuwe generatie aandrijvingen voor robots. De groep is ondermeer actief in het domein van de robotprotheses die bijvoorbeeld een been vervangen bij het wandelen, of exoskeletons die om het lichaam zitten om te helpen bij revalidatie en ontwikkelt daarnaast ook sociale robots die bijvoorbeeld kinderen met autisme communicatieve vaardigheden aanleren. Prof. Bram Vanderborght is dan ook de ideale man om het potentieel van robots voor de zorgsector toe te lichten en samen met ons een blik in de roboticatoekomst te werpen.

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  • 1. Het potentieel van zorgrobotica Prof dr ir Bram Vanderborght ! Robotics Research Group Vrije Universiteit Brussel 2/5/14 !1 pag.
  • 2. Ageing population Change 1990 to 2009 1990 (1) Excluding French overseas departments. (2) Data may be affected by the change of population definition in 2008. (3) 2008 instead of 2009. Source: Eurostat (demo_pjanind) In 1990 In 2060 Persons 65+ à 13,7 % Persons Figure 2.8: Population structure by major age groups, EU-27 (1) 65+ à Persons 85+ à Persons 85+ à (% of total population) 3,1 % 3.1 3.3 4.5 12.3 12.7 14.4 increase with 250% k increase with 400% k 6.9 8.9 11.0 12.1 16.6 18.0 17.8 17.8 75 50 à à 5.7 10.6 100 30% 12% 66.8 67.2 67.2 64.6 61.9 59.2 57.1 56.0 25 19.5 17.2 15.6 15.4 14.5 14.0 14.1 14.0 1990 2000 2009 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 0 In 1990 67% of population support population 80+ years 65-79 years 15-64 years 0-14 years In 2060 Only 56% of population support population Working (1) Excluding French overseas departments; 2020 to 2060 data are EUROPOP2008 convergence scenario. Source: Eurostat (demo_pjanind and proj_08c2150p) population shall - Work harder - Work more To realize the same Today 40 hout/week 
 !2 à In 2060:2/5/14 50 hour/week pag.
  • 3. Increasing life expectancy In 1960 Life expectancy Belgium 69,66 years Av. EU 67,72 years In 2008 (50 years later) Life expectancy Belgium 80,10 years Av. EU 78,66 years At age of 65 Belgium 13,52 years Av. EU 13,99 years At age of 65 Belgium 19,50 years Av. EU 18,46 years ! Source:  HEIDI  data  tool  EU-­‐Commission ! For Belgium this is an increase of 18,2% over 50 years ! 1/5 longer life!!! 2/5/14 !3 pag.
  • 4. Increased need for assistance The need for Personal Assistance with everyday activities increases with age. ! % of persons needing assistance with everyday activities by age Not only functional weakness, but mobility also affected by lower motor skills due to stroke or neurological misfunction 2/5/14 !4 pag.
  • 5. Increased health cost For EU by 2050: ! healthcare spending increase with 25% For Flanders by 2050 : • will be confronted much stronger • its demographic pattern counts more elderly people • And Healthcare costs are higher in comparison with other EU countries ! • Today = 11,1% of GDP = 36,8 billion EUR Source: EU White Paper “Together for Health: A Strategic Approach for the EU 2008-2013”. Health is the greatest wealth! ! • Increase of 25% = 9,2 billion EUR/year 2/5/14 !5 pag.
  • 6. ? 2/5/14 !6 pag.
  • 7. Robots are about to enter our daily life Aibo Justin Claudia Mitchell Roomba 2/5/14 !7 pag.
  • 8. Disruptive technologies: Advances that will transform life, business, and the global economy Policy makers and societies need to prepare for future technology. To do this well, they will need a clear understanding of how technology might shape the global economy and society over the coming decades. ! Since the Industrial Revolution, technology has had a unique role in powering growth and transforming economies. ! The McKinsey Global Institute set out to identify which of these technologies could have a massive economically disruptive impact between now and 2025. 2/5/14 !8 pag.
  • 9. Study Gartner • 2013  Hype  Cycle  on  evolving  relationship   Combine  the  best  of  the  two  worlds   Machines   between  human  and  machine.   • precision   • repeatability   • 3  trends:   – Augmenting  humans  with  technology   – Machines  replacing  humans   – Humans  and  machines  working  alongside  each   other • 3D  jobs   • …     Humans   • creativity   • problem  solving     • dexterity     • …   ! Human  robot  interaction 2/5/14 !9 pag.
  • 10. New technology required 2/5/14 !10 pag.
  • 11. Gait rehabilitation GAIT IMPAIRMENT ❑ Neurological disorders: Stroke , SCI , MS, … ❑ Impact on individual: Quality-Of-Life ❑ Impact on society: Health Care MOTOR COMMAND GAIT RECOVERY ❑ “Relearning to walk by walking” MOTOR RECOVERY Sensory input ❑ Neural plasticity Effort Intensity 2/5/14 !11 pag.
  • 12. Gait rehabilitation treadmill training with body-weight support ❑ resource intensive ❑ ❑ labour intensive LOW POTENTIAL 2/5/14 !12 pag.
  • 13. Rehabilitation exoskeletons Knexo VUB ALTACRO VUB 2/5/14 !13 pag.
  • 14. Mirad assistive exoskeleton 2/5/14 !14 pag.
  • 15. Prostheses 2/5/14 !15 pag.
  • 16. AMPfoot 2.0 AMPfoot 2 VUB 2/5/14 !16 pag.
  • 17. Cyberlegs Cyberlegs VUB-SSSA 2/5/14 !17 pag.
  • 18. Social human-robot interaction Human has
 to be central Machine is
 central screen menus keyboard mouse WALL-E speech  –  emotions  -­‐  gestures 2/5/14 !18 pag.
  • 19. The  social  huggable  robot -­‐Human-­‐robot  interaction  focused   children   -­‐Robot-­‐Assisted  therapy   ! Abilities:   -­‐Able  of  verbal  communication   -­‐Directs  its  gaze   -­‐Express  emotions/animations     à social  interface   ! ! 2/5/14 !19 pag.
  • 20. Robot Assisted Therapy: Autism Spectrum Disorders ! ‘Don’t underestimate persons with autism, try to understand’ ‘Someone with ASDs is really like you, just more extreme’ ! • • • • • • widespread  abnormalities  of  
 social  interactions  and  communication restricted  interests highly  repetitive  behavior pervasive, spectrum manifestation may vary in level of severity life-time condition     !         specific individualized treatment (recommended 25 hours/week) early and adapted interventions   2/5/14 !20 pag.
  • 21. Why social robots might be useful for ASD treatments? 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) ! Safety Simplicityàcomplexity Predictability Controlability Interactivity       High level of motivation and involvement in tasks The robot = social mediator:   2/5/14 !21 pag.
  • 22. Aim of Probo Aim is not to replace therapists with robots, but to use the strengths of the robots to: • • •   facilitate and improve the therapy process mediate the human-child interaction make the learning process more pleasant & motivating, by developing attractive RAT games   2/5/14 !22 pag.
  • 23. Also other social robots 2/5/14 !23 pag.
  • 24. Conclusion • Robots are about to enter our daily life • Answer  to  societal  challenges   • Create  new  economic  markets   • Robots will be everywhere in different forms and applications, impact bigger than the internet • But still much research necessary • Have to think about ethical problems as well • Solve in a multidisciplinary research effort 2/5/14 !24 pag.
  • 25. Research  team:   Prof.  dr.  ir.  Dirk  Lefeber,  Prof.  dr.  ir.  Bram  Vanderborght   ! Dr.  ir.  Ronald  Van  Ham,  Dr.  ir.  Michaël  Van  Damme,  Dr  ir  Heidi  Cuypers,  Dr.   ir.  Bjorn  Verrelst,  Dr.  ir.  Rene  Enrique  Jimenez  Fabian,  Dr.  ir.  Mizanoor   Rahman,  Dr.  ir.  Carlos  Rodriguez  Guerrero,  dr.  ir.  Pablo  Gómez  Esteban,  Dr.   ir.  Ramazan  Unal   ! lic.  Pierre  Cherelle,  ir.  Joseph  Jezic  von  Gesseneck,  ir.  Victor  Grosu,  ir.   Branko  Brackx,  ir.  Svetlana  Grosu,  ir.  Louis  Flynn,  ir.  Greet  Van  de  Perre,  ir.   Karen  Junius,  ir.  Glenn  Mathijssen,  ir.  Joost  Geeroms,  ing.  Tim  Schepers,  ir.   Maarten  Weckx,  ir.  Cao  Hoang  Long,  ir.  Laura  De  Rijcke,  ir  Tom  Verstraten,   ir  Marta  Moltedo,  Ramona  Simut,  Kristel  Knaepen,  Eva  Swinnen,  ir.   Hamed  Yaghini   ! The  work  was  supported  by  several  EU  and  national  projects:   FP7:  Viactors,  Corbys,  Cyberlegs,  H2R,  BIOMOT,  DREAM,  
 IWT-­‐SBO:Mirad    and  ERC  starting  grant  SPEAR               Bram.vanderborght@vub.ac.be               2/5/14 !25 pag.

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