These are important concepts/issues to know/understand from
behavior patterns, beliefs, and all other products of a
particular group of people that are passed on from
generation to generation
can be large or small group
individualism vs. collectivism
- Poverty is the state of one who lacks a certain amount of
material possessions or money.
• Absolute poverty or destitution refers to the deprivation
of basic human needs, which commonly includes
food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter, health care and
Relative poverty is defined contextually as economic
inequality in the location or society in which people live.
ethnicity and schools
- is a socially defined category of
people who identify with each other based on a shared social
experience or ancestry.
- refers to a shared pattern of characteristics such as
cultural heritage, nationality, race, religion, and language.
prejudice, discrimination, and bias
An adverse judgment or opinion formed beforehand or
without knowledge or examination of the facts.
The act or state of holding unreasonable preconceived
judgments or convictions. See Synonyms at predilection.
Irrational suspicion or hatred of a particular group, race, or
treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in fav
or ofor against, a person or thing based on the group, class,
orcategory to which that person or thing belongs rather tha
n onindividual merit: racial and religious intolerance and dis
the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of
people, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex.
Example: victims of racial discrimination
discrimination against homosexuals
a tendency to believe that some people, ideas, etc., are
better than others that usually results in treating some
diversity and differences
It is a state of having differences, whether it is
age, condition, race, belief, religion, gender or sexual
orientation. Only once equality is achieved, diversity
becomes meaningful. In today's society, whether it is
democratic or not, diversity does exist; however, it
becomes a source of conflict if such diversity exists without
Bilingual education involves teaching academic content in
two languages, in a native and secondary language with
varying amounts of each language used in accordance
with the program model.
education in an English-language school system in which
students with little fluency in English are taught in both their
native language and English
The jigsaw classroom is a cooperative learning
technique with a three-decade track record of
successfully reducing racial conflict and increasing
positive educational outcomes. Just as in a jigsaw
puzzle, each piece--each student's part--is essential for
the completion and full understanding of the final
product. If each student's part is essential, then each
student is essential; and that is precisely what makes
this strategy so effective.
Positive personal contact with others from different
refers to our ability to relate to others. It is our ability to
perceive someone else’s thoughts, feelings, and
motivations. In other words it refers to our ability to
empathize with someone else and see things from their
critical thinking and emotional intelligence
A. sex similarities/differences
math and science
girls emphasize "rapport talk"
boys emphasize "report talk"
aggression and self-regulation
eliminating gender bias
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