Lesson 2

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Lesson 2

  1. 1. Lesson 2Grammar and Fixed Expressions<br />
  2. 2. 1.The Impending Aspect<br />
  3. 3. In Chinese, when indicating an action is going to happen very soon, you can <br />(1) put any of the adverbs 要, 快, 就要, 快要before the main verb or the predicative adjective; and <br />(2) put the particle 了at the end of the sentence. For example:<br />The Impending Aspect<br />
  4. 4. Example 1:<br />飞机就要起飞了。<br />The airplaneis about to take off.<br />(subject) (verb)<br />
  5. 5. Example 2:<br />电影快开始了。 <br />The movie is going to beginsoon.<br /> (subject) (verb)<br />
  6. 6. Example 3:<br />The dinneris going to be coldsoon.<br /> (subject) (pred. adj.)<br />晚饭要凉了。 <br />
  7. 7. To form a question, one can add 吗 or 吧 to the end of the sentence. For example:<br />Are you about to go back to China?<br />你就要回中国了吗/吧?<br />Note 1<br />
  8. 8. The affirmative answer to the question is 对 or 是.<br />The negative answer will be 没 (有) or 还没(有)呢. <br />
  9. 9. 1.<br />A: 天气快热了吧?<br />B: 对/是。<br />Do the following exercise<br /><ul><li>Click to see the answer</li></li></ul><li>A: Is the weather getting hot? <br />B: Yes.<br />Answer 1<br />
  10. 10. If there is a time phrase such as 明天, 五点, in the sentence to indicate the specific time when the action is going to take place, only 就要...了can be used. For example:<br />Note 2<br />
  11. 11. My younger brother is having dinner at 5:30. <br />我弟弟五点半就要吃饭了。<br />He said that his mom is coming tomorrow.<br />他说他妈妈明天就要来了。<br />
  12. 12. 2.The Imperative Sentence<br />
  13. 13. The Imperative Sentence<br />We always use sentences like these in our conversations:<br />Have some tea, please!<br />Let’s go.<br />请喝茶!<br />我们走吧。<br />
  14. 14. Sentences like those are known asImperative Sentence. <br />An imperative sentence is used to express a suggestion, advice, or to make a command. <br />
  15. 15. To form a negative imperative sentence, one can put either 别 or 不要 before the main verb or the predicative adjective. For example:<br />
  16. 16. Don’t eat!<br />Let’s not go.<br />不要吃饭!<br />我们别走吧!<br />
  17. 17. To soften the tone of an imperative sentence, one can add the particle 了to the end of the sentence. For example:<br />On borad (the plane)!<br />上飞机了!<br />Note<br />
  18. 18. 3.The expression 怎么行<br />
  19. 19. The expression 怎么行is often used as a rhetorical question. <br />It translates into English roughly as “Would it be OK?” For example:<br />
  20. 20. 学汉语不作作业,怎么行?<br />Study Chinese, and won’t do the homework. Would it work?<br />
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