"for he will save his people from their sins" (Mt 1:21)JESUS "there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we mustMeaning : be saved" (Acts 4:12).“GOD SAVES”
Jesus fulfilled the messianic hope of Israel in his threefold office ofCHRIST priest, prophet and king The one who anointed is the Father,Meaning : the one who was anointed is the Son, and he was anointed with the Spirit“Anointed One” who is the anointing. Jesus is the Christ, for "God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit“Messiah” (Hbr) and with power" (Acts 10:38)
The title "Son of God" signifies theSON OF unique and eternal relationship of Jesus Christ to God his Father: he is GOD the only Son of the Father (Jn 1:14, 18; 3:16, 18); he is God himself (Jn 1:1) The Baptism and the Transfiguration of Christ, the voice of the Father designates Jesus as his "beloved Son“ “Truly this man was the Son of God” Centurion
Indicates divine sovereignty. "No one can say Jesus is Lord except by theLORD Holy Spirit" (1 Cor 12:3) By attributing to Jesus the divine titleKyrios (Grk) "Lord", we believe that from the power, beginning that theAdonai (Hebr) honor and glory due to God the Father are due also to Jesus, because "he was in the form of God“= YHWH (Phil 2:2) “My Lord and my God” Thomas
THE SON OF GOD BECAME MAN1. WHY DID THE WORD BECOME BLESH?2. TRUE GOD AND TRUE MAN
WHY DID THE WORD BECOME FLESH?1. In order to save us by 3. Our model of holiness reconciling us with "Love one another as I have loved God you.”"loved us and sent his Son to be the expiation for our sins” 4. Partakers of the divine nature2. That we might know "For the Son of God became man God’s love so that we might become God.""For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life."
CHRISTOLOGICAL HERESIES A BRIEF LOOK AT THE EARLY ECUMENICAL COUNCILS OF THE CHURCH THAT UPHELD THE ORTHODOXY OF THE CATHOLIC FAITH
ADOPTIONISM Belief that Jesus was born merely human and that he became divine later in his life. Paul of Samosata professed that Jesus was Son of God by adoption.
ADOPTIONISM First Council of Nicaea, 325 A.D Church professed that Jesus is Son of God by nature and not by adoption.
ARIANISM Arius of Alexandria Christ had been given every honor but divinity. Belief that Jesus was “from another (or like) substance” than that of the Father.
ARIANISM First Council of Nicaea, 325 A.D Church professed the doctrine of the hypostatic union. Christs nature was wholly divine and wholly human.
APOLLINARIANISM Belief that Jesus had a human body and lower soul but a divine mind. Apollinaris further taught that the souls of men were propagated by other souls, as well as their bodies.
APOLLINARIANISM First Council of Constantinople, 381 A.D Church professed that the eternal Son also assumed a rational, human soul which is endowed with true human knowledge. Scripture says He “increased in wisdom and in stature, and in favor with God and man”.
MACEDONIANS Belief that Holy Spirit was a creation of the Son, and a servant of the Father and Son.
MACEDONIANS First Council of Constantinople, 381 A.D Church professed “The Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Giver of Life, Who proceeds from the Father, Who with the Father and the Son is equally worshipped and glorified, Who has spoken through the Prophets.”
NESTORIANISM Belief that Christ exists as two persons, the man Jesus and the divine Son of God, rather than as two natures of one divine person. Nestorius professed that Mary was not “Theotokos” but only “Christotokos”.
NESTORIANISM Council of Ephesus, 431 A.D “The Word, uniting to himself in his person the flesh animated by a rational soul, became man.” – St. Cyril of Alexandria Mary is “Theotokos” meaning “God-bearer.”
DOCETISM Belief that Jesus only seemed to have a physical body and to physically die. But in reality he was incorporeal, a pure spirit, and hence could not physically die.
DOCETISM “There is only one physician, who is both flesh and spirit, born and unborn, both from Mary and from God, true life in death, first able to suffer and then unable to – Jesus Christ our Lord”. – St. Ignatius of Antioch
MONOPHYSITISM Belief that Christ has only one nature (divine) and that the human nature ceased to exist when Christ became man.
MONOPHYSITISM First Council of Chalcedon, 451 A.D Church holds that Christ has two natures, one divine and one human.
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