Methadone teachback


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  • Methadone teachback

    1. 1. Methadone Teachback Michelle Kosinski 
    2. 2. Opioids  Opioids are medications that relieve pain  Reduce the intensity of pain signals reaching the brain and affect those brain areas controlling emotion, which diminished the effects of a painful stimulus  Medications include  hydrocodone (Vicodin), oxycodone (OxyContin, Percocet), morphine (Kadian, Avinza), codeine, and others
    3. 3. Opioid Effects  Acute Effects  euphoria; drowsiness; impaired coordination; dizziness; confusion; nausea; sedation; feeling of heaviness in the body; slowed or arrested breathing  Health Risks  constipation; endocarditis; hepatitis; HIV; addiction; fatal overdose
    4. 4. Methadone Uses  Used to relieve moderate to sever pain that has not been relieved by non-narcotic pain relievers  Is an opioid analgesic  Prevent withdrawal symptoms in patients who were addicted to opiate drugs and are enrolled in treatment programs in order to stop taking or continue not taking the drugs  Methadone is the synthetic opioid  Meaning, it works the same way an opioid does but is man made
    5. 5. Methadone Side Effects Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:  Drowsiness  Stomach pain  Mood changes  Weakness  Dry mouth  Vision problems  Headache  Sweating   Nausea  Flushing Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep  Vomiting  Difficulty urinating   Constipation Decreased sexual desire or ability  Swelling of the hands, arms, feet, and legs  Missed menstrual periods  Loss of appetite  Weight gain
    6. 6. Methadone Clinics  There are methadone clinics throughout the United States  Patients can get methadone treatments to help with withdrawal symptoms  Effective treatment incorporates daily methadone medication in conjunction with behavioral health counseling
    7. 7. Benefits of Methadone  Methadone is a legal medication that is prescribed by a physician and is carefully monitored  Administered orally  Given in stable daily dosing to avoid producing a drug high  Slow acting drug and provides long lasting relief (24 hours or more)  Administered by a clinic that provides ongoing counseling and support  Access to medical and social services
    8. 8. Risks and Considerations  Like most ay opioid medications, overdose can occur if the medication is not taken as prescribed  Methadone is utilized as a safe opiate replacement in the treatment of opioid dependency. However, abruptly ceasing methadone will typically elicit uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. These can be avoided by following a gradual taper off of the medication while under the supervision of your physician.  Methadone replacement therapy is typically not short-term. Many clients will remain on methadone for a year or more before becoming ready to taper off of the medication. Some clients may remain on methadone for an indefinite period of time.
    9. 9. References  reports/prescription-drugs/opioids/what-are-opioids  abused-drugs/commonly-abused-drugs-chart  82134.html 