development

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introduction, MEDCs, LEDCs &indicators

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development

  1. 1. Development Introduction
  2. 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>To gain an understanding of development. </li></ul><ul><li>To see how development varies between countries. </li></ul><ul><li>To introduce development indicators. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is development? <ul><li>Development is characterised by the following: </li></ul><ul><li>the level of technology </li></ul><ul><li>communication levels </li></ul><ul><li>levels of car ownership </li></ul><ul><li>computer technology </li></ul><ul><li>financial development </li></ul><ul><li>buildings </li></ul>
  4. 4. Which countries are developed?
  5. 5. Malawi, an LEDC <ul><li>The picture shows a scene on the shores of Lake Malawi at Cape McClear in 1984. People wash in the lake, get their drinking water directly from the lake, catch fish in the lake, dry their nets and pull up their boats on the beach </li></ul>
  6. 6. Johannesburg… <ul><li>a high technology society </li></ul><ul><li>a modern road system </li></ul><ul><li>high levels of car ownership </li></ul>the most modern commercial city of South Africa. <ul><li>internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>modern sports stadiums </li></ul><ul><li>high rise buildings </li></ul>
  7. 7. A skyline at night The sky-line of a city in a developed country blazes with electric light. Electricity consumption is a good measure of development.
  8. 8. Differences in healthcare <ul><li>malaria </li></ul><ul><li>tuberculosis </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/Aids </li></ul><ul><li>bilharzia </li></ul><ul><li>diarrhoeal diseases </li></ul>Many diseases are common in poor countries
  9. 9. <ul><li>This is called a 'developed' society. </li></ul><ul><li>Even in 'developed' countries, poverty and crime are present. </li></ul>LONDON
  10. 10. Differences in education levels MEDC’s have a high education level. They use computers; study maths and science. LEDC’s have only basic education levels. They do jobs like farming and fishing (like their parents).
  11. 11. Differences in income levels <ul><li>owns a car </li></ul><ul><li>lives as a single family unit </li></ul><ul><li>is well fed </li></ul><ul><li>goes to good schools </li></ul><ul><li>spends extra money </li></ul>A west European or North American family:
  12. 12. In LEDCs… <ul><li>A semi-rural family: </li></ul><ul><li>doesn't live at home (migrant workers) </li></ul><ul><li>has no money for goods </li></ul>

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