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Avatar vocabulary chapter 3 vocabulary instruction

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  • Activities-analogies, highlighting prefixes and suffixes, identify synonyms and antonyms, metaphors, Venn diagrams or other organizers, revise their own definitions as their understanding increases Discuss-compare descriptions, describe pictures to each other Games-pictionary, charades, matching synonyms or antonyms, name that category, draw me, talk a mile a minute
  • Happy face/straight face/sad face for little ones Number ranks for older students (1-3, 1-5, 1-10)
  • Say the word A LOT during the lesson! I had the students cloze write and echo the content-specific definition also
  • I had the students echo the forms of the word Sentences-could include pictures, movement, etc. I had students cloze write the sentences and echo the sentences Make sure to provide adequate think time then direct students to read their sentences aloud
  • Make sure to provide adequate think time then direct students to read their sentences aloud Short answer-thumbs up/thumbs down, signal cards, etc. Spend some time clarifying for students as indicated by the FA
  • Examples k-2 in Beck book

Avatar vocabulary chapter 3 vocabulary instruction Avatar vocabulary chapter 3 vocabulary instruction Presentation Transcript

  • Building Vocabulary Chapter 3 Vocabulary Instruction
  • IntroductionEvery lesson is a language lesson regardlessof the content. Academic outcomes are hugelyinfluenced by whether language is taughtarbitrarily or with intent. The purpose of thischapter is to discuss components and methodsof vocabulary instruction.
  • Objectives Participants will demonstrate understanding of the six Marzano components of vocabulary instruction. Participants will demonstrate understanding of a seven-step method of vocabulary instruction. Participants will design a vocabulary lesson.
  • Marzano Components
  • Components of Vocabulary Instruction- Marzano Teacher gives a description, explanation, or example (with nonlinguistic representation) Students restate the description, example, or explanation in their own words Students construct their own nonlinguistic representation Students participate in activities that help build their knowledge of the word Students discuss the terms with each other Students participate in games that let them play with the word
  • Examples of Activities Analogies Highlighting prefixes and suffixes Identify synonyms and antonyms Metaphors Venn diagrams or other organizers Revise their own definitions as their understanding increases
  • Examples of Discussion Activities Compare descriptions or definitions with a partner Describe pictures to a partner or within a small group Construct example situations with a partner
  • Examples of Games “Pictionary” Charades Matching synonyms or antonyms Name that category Draw me Talk a mile a minute
  • A Seven-Step Lesson
  • The following is a method for initial directinstruction when first introducing a word. It isonly ONE part of a system of vocabularyinstruction. Word play activities, exercises, andgames should be added to create a completevocabulary learning experience.
  • Teaching Vocabulary Pick a Tier 2 word relevant to literature you’re currently reading, or a current content-related Tier 2 word. Direct the students to rate their own knowledge of the word before and after the lesson. Remember, students can adjust their rating over time as their understanding increases. Say the word A LOT during the lesson!
  • Word Knowledge Rating Scales– Younger students could use Happy face/Straight face/Sad face picture choices– Older students could use number rankings (1-3, 1-5, 1-10)
  • Seven Steps1. Introduce the word2. Student-friendly definition3. Content-specific definition4. Use the word in other contexts5. Guiding questions & sentence starters6. Short-answer questions7. Repeat the word(ELLA)
  • Seven-Step LessonStructure & Progression
  • ExamplesBefore continuing, open the followingdocuments, print them, and use them as youfollow along during the next several slides. Example Lesson Plan Example Organizer – Student Edition Example Organizer – Teacher Edition
  • Vocabulary Lesson – 1 equivalent Word knowledge rating Before 1 2 3 4 Introduce the word   Forms of the word and synonyms: After 1 2 3 4 - - say the word General definition: When things are equivalent, they are basically equivalency alike and students echo; the same or have equal value. equal comparable write the word and Math definition: Equivalent fractions are fractions that represent the same value. students write the The word used in other contexts:   What is an example of two things that are equivalent? word; clap syllables When she looked for a new job, she wanted to find one with a An example of two things that are equivalent is…. (if appropriate). salary equivalent to her current salary. When someone borrows something and then doesn’t return it, that’s equivalent to stealing. Direct the students Two five dollar bills are equivalent to 1 ten dollar bill. to rank their current   Non-examples: What is an example of two things that are not equivalent? understanding of •3/4 and 1/2 An example of two things that are not equivalent is… the word (“before”). •50 minutes and 1 hour •Fff •Ffff •Fff •    
  • Vocabulary Lesson – 2 & 3 Provide a student equivalent   Word knowledge rating Before 1 2 3 4 After 1 2 3 4 friendly definition Forms of the word and synonyms: General definition: When things are equivalent, they are basically verbally and in the same or have equal value. equivalency alike writing; have equal comparable students “cloze” Math definition: Equivalent fractions are fractions that represent write and echo the the same value. The word used in other contexts:   What is an example of two things that are equivalent? definition. An example of two things that are equivalent is…. When she looked for a new job, she wanted to find one with a Explain the salary equivalent to her current salary. meaning more fully When someone borrows something and then doesn’t return it, in the context of the that’s equivalent to stealing. text or concept. Two five dollar bills are equivalent to 1 ten dollar bill.   Non-examples: What is an example of two things that are not equivalent? As age-appropriate, •3/4 and 1/2 An example of two things that are not equivalent is… provide parts of •50 minutes and 1 hour •Fff speech and forms •Ffff •Fff of the word, and a • few synonyms and/   or antonyms.  
  • Vocabulary Lesson - 4 equivalent Word knowledge rating Before 1 2 3 4 Provide   Forms of the word and synonyms: After 1 2 3 4 sentences in General definition: When things are equivalent, they are equivalency alike which the word is basically the same or have equal value. equal comparable used in other Math definition: Equivalent fractions are fractions that represent the same value.   contexts. The word used in other contexts: What is an example of two things that are equivalent? An example of two things that are equivalent is…. When she looked for a new job, she wanted to find one with a salary equivalent to her current salary. Students “cloze” When someone borrows something and then doesn’t return it, write and then that’s equivalent to stealing. echo the Two five dollar bills are equivalent to 1 ten dollar bill.   sentences. Non-examples: What is an example of two things that are not equivalent? •3/4 and 1/2 An example of two things that are not equivalent is… •50 minutes and 1 hour •Fff •Ffff •Fff •    
  • Vocabulary Lesson – 5 (ab) Ask students to equivalent   Word knowledge rating 4 Before 1 2 3 After 1 2 3 4 Think-Pair-Share- Forms of the word and synonyms: Write, using a General definition: When things are equivalent, they are basically the same or have equal value. equivalency alike sentence starter, equal comparable Math definition: Equivalent fractions are fractions that about an example represent the same value.   The word used in other contexts: What is an example of two things that are equivalent? or situation in An example of two things that are equivalent is…. which the word When she looked for a new job, she wanted to find one with a salary equivalent to her current salary. would be used. When someone borrows something and then doesn’t return it, that’s equivalent to stealing. Two five dollar bills are equivalent to 1 ten dollar bill. Circulate to monitor   Non-examples: What is an example of two things that are not equivalent? discussions and to •3/4 and 1/2 An example of two things that are not equivalent is… ensure students •50 minutes and 1 hour •Fff are using the word •Ffff •Fff • verbally.    
  • Vocabulary Lesson – 5 (cd) equivalent Word knowledge rating Before 1 2 3 Provide two or three   4 non-examples and General definition: When things are equivalent, they are Forms of the word and synonyms: After 1 2 3 4 have the students basically the same or have equal value. equivalency alike make note of them. Math definition: Equivalent fractions are fractions that equal comparable Ask students to represent the same value.   The word used in other contexts: What is an example of two things that are equivalent? Think-Pair-Share- An example of two things that are equivalent is…. Write, using a When she looked for a new job, she wanted to find one with a salary equivalent to her current salary. sentence starter, about a non-example When someone borrows something and then doesn’t return it, that’s equivalent to stealing. of the word or a Two five dollar bills are equivalent to 1 ten dollar bill. situation that does   Non-examples: What is an example of two things that are not equivalent? not represent the •3/4 and 1/2 An example of two things that are not equivalent is… word. •50 minutes and 1 hour •Fff Circulate to monitor •Ffff •Fff discussions and to •   ensure students are using the word   verbally.
  • Vocabulary Lesson - 6 EQUIVALENT Ask short answer (yes/no) 8th grade math questions to hone 1. Introduce the word (speak, write, choral read, echo read, clap syllables, etc.) 2. Student-friendly definition understanding – Formative When things are equivalent, they are basically the same or of equal value. assessment! 3. Content-specific definition Equivalent fractions are fractions that represent the same value. 4. Use the word other contexts (can include pictures, movement, etc.) Students can signal using When she looked for a new job, she wanted to find one with an equivalent salary. When someone borrows something and then doesn’t return it, that’s equivalent to thumbs up/thumbs down or stealing. Two five dollar bills are equivalent to 1 ten dollar bill. a signal card. 5. Guiding questions and sentence starters (provide think time) A.) What is an example of two things that are equivalent? B.) “An example of two things that are equivalent is ….” Address misconceptions or misunderstandings (Non-examples: ¾ and ½; 50 minutes and 1 hour) C.) What is an example of two things that are not equivalent? individually or with a small D.) “An example of two things that are not equivalent is …” group when the lesson is over. 6. Short-answer questions (formative assessment) Are these things equivalent? (yes or no) o ½ dozen eggs and 6 eggs o 1 quarter and 3 dimes 7. Repeat the word (choral read, echo read, etc.)
  • Vocabulary Lesson - 7 Echo read or choral equivalent   Word knowledge rating Before 1 2 3 4 After 1 2 3 4 read the word. Forms of the word and synonyms: General definition: When things are equivalent, they are basically Direct the students to the same or have equal value. equivalency equal alike comparable rank their current Math definition: Equivalent fractions are fractions that represent understanding of the the same value. The word used in other contexts:   What is an example of two things that are equivalent? word (“after”). When she looked for a new job, she wanted to find one with a salary An example of two things that are equivalent is…. Direct students to equivalent to her current salary. create their own non- When someone borrows something and then doesn’t return it, that’s linguistic equivalent to stealing. Two five dollar bills are equivalent to 1 ten dollar bill. representation of the   Non-examples: What is an example of two things that are not equivalent? word and to write and/ •3/4 and 1/2 An example of two things that are not equivalent is… or say a definition in •50 minutes and 1 hour •Fff their own words (can •Ffff •Fff • use the back of the   organizer).  
  • Your Turn!
  • Your turn to practice!Open the following planning templates beforecontinuing. Blank Lesson Plan Template Blank Organizer Template
  • Tier 2 Word Review Importance and utility, instructional potential, conceptual understanding Is the word relevant to a current topic, concept, or work of literature in your classroom? – Is the word presenting itself naturally? Is the word important to the current topic? Does the word have leverage and usefulness? – Can the word be used in other contexts? Will studying this word help students develop their overall language skills?
  • Your turn to practice! Choose a grade level Choose a content area GLE Choose a related Tier 2 word Follow the template to create a lesson Refer to the examples to help youSUBMIT THE FOLLOWING: – Lesson plan – Organizer (Teacher Edition) – Organizer (Student Edition)
  • Summary Six Marzano components for vocabulary instruction include: teacher description, students restate in their own words, non-linguistic representation, activities, discussions, and games. A seven-step lesson includes: an introduction, a student-friendly definition, a content-specific definition, examples of the word in other contexts, guiding questions and sentence starters, short- answer questions, and a repetition of the word.
  • Further Readings Making Content Comprehensible for English Learners: The by Echevarria, Vogt, and Short Bringing Words to Life: Robust Vocabulary Instruction by Beck, McKeown, and Kucan Building Academic Vocabulary by Marzano and Pickering English Learners and Language Acceleration (WestEd) Academic Word Listhttp ://www.victoria.ac.nz/lals/resources/academicwordlist/subli