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Winning hearts andminds: how to embedUX from scratch in a large organisation       Michele Ide-Smith  UX Cambridge, Novemb...
“As their usability approach matures,organisations typically progressthrough the same sequence of stages,from initial host...
A bit of backgroundPhoto by Kaptain Kobold http://www.flickr.com/photos/kaptainkobold/5359290323
About me                                                                            Head of                               ...
A revelation can become a passion
The organisation I worked for had tosave £160 million in the next 5 years
Costs per transaction• Face-to-face £8.23• Telephone    £3.21• Website      £0.39Source: SOCITM (Society for IT Managers),...
Technology Acceptance Model (Davis, 1989)
Making Council web services useful and usable saves public money
We came a long way in 5 years…2006                                             2011Occasional usability              Dedic...
UX Maturity Model diagram from an article by @rfeijo http://johnnyholland.org/2010/04/16/planning-your-ux-strategy/ We got...
How did we get started?Photo by Sarah and Mike …probably http://www.flickr.com/photos/sarahandmikeprobably/4266668689/
UX techniques are not hard to pick up
But knowing when and why to use      them takes experience
Lesson learnt #1
Start with small butperfectly formed projects                 Research  Improve                     Design      Evaluate  ...
Demonstrate the value of using UXmethods, however small the project
Lesson learnt #2
Some stakeholders have strong opinions
Data can speak volumes
Use data to tell a story about your users  User testing / interviews         Customer feedback  Call centre stats         ...
Lesson learnt #3
Highlighting poor design and content    requires tact and diplomacy
Always point out something positive as well as the negatives                                         Use familiar language...
Lesson learnt #4
Find a UX Champion who can gain    organisational support and resources                                                   ...
Lesson learnt #5
If you have budget available anddecide to use external expertise
Find a supplier who’ll work collaboratively                          Work collaboratively                                 ...
Lesson learnt #6
The whole team can learn UX skills
Everyone in the team could use                                       Analytics data or do an expert reviewPhoto by Oblong ...
Anyone can have design ideas
The person who created thesesketches had no prior UX experience
Developers appreciate design input when it makes their lives easier
Lesson learnt #7
Regular user testing is an invaluable                                        way to get early feedback on designsPhoto by ...
Recruiting users can be time consuming and expensive
Maximise opportunities to recruit     users e.g. add a check box oncustomer surveys / feedback forms, or  a question to th...
Lesson learnt #8
It’s your job to sell the value of UX
Set targets and evaluate andbenchmark using consistent metrics
Lesson learnt #9
UX people should influence all areas ofthe business that impact on customers
Procurement decisions are often onlybased on cost and business requirements
Bad UX costs the business through increased calls to customer supportPhoto by ntr23 http://www.flickr.com/photos/ntr23/443...
Integrate usability evaluations andaccessibility audits into procurement
Speak to customer support tounderstand customer problems
Lesson learnt #10
Standardising processes and templatessaves time and helps with a UX roll out
We integrated UX processes into Agile         (Scrum) processes
Creating method cards helped develop UX knowledge and summarise when    and how to use UX techniques
Method cards courtesy of http://nform.com/tradingcards/
Leave room to experiment with newtechniques – don’t be too prescriptive
Lesson learnt #11
UX can become a full time job
It’s often only a small percentage          of your job role
After 4 years we created adedicated UX Architect role
Developing UX skills, retaining talent    and recruiting is hard work
Lesson learnt #12
Do you know who your users are?Photo by Joe Shablotnik http://www.flickr.com/photos/joeshlabotnik/305410323/
Work with data experts¹ to segment customers and help create personas,to enable everyone in the organisation         to kn...
Use personas to bring your user data to lifePhoto by Canned Tuna http://www.flickr.com/photos/cannedtuna/4852756417/
We created personas with quantitativedata (demographic and transactional)      as well as qualitative data
Personas inform service design, notjust website and application design
UX was being considered at each point       in a customer journey
A team which collaborates and learns together can   achieve great things                Photo by Rob Young http://www.flic...
UX adoption / maturity survey• Based on Human Factors International  checklist (developed after 2009 survey)• 65 responden...
Sectors
Organisation size
46%    Have executive support               30%At senior executive level (V or C level)
8%Have UX governance
24% strategy    Have a published UX         or vision statement    13%                  19%Review or update    State that ...
Most popular UX techniques
Most effective techniques
16%standardisedUse the same shared /UX methods within the organisation    22%                11%UX research is a   Have a ...
41% values andSaid their organisation   recognises UX successes
25%Define measurable success criteriaand performance metrics for everywebsite or application they develop               8%...
36% part ofSaid UX skills are a recognised        their job description    38%                  22%   Have staff        Pr...
Challenges• Resources - limited resources and budget• Communication / education - lack of  understanding of what UX is• St...
Top tips• Sell the benefits and value• Gain buy in and engage others e.g. observing  user testing, sketching and ideation ...
In conclusion
“No matter how impassioned yourapproach, it’s impossible to take acompany straight from UX indifference toUX maturity. The...
Thanks for listening!Photo by brieuc_s http://www.flickr.com/photos/brieuc/4225881624/
Get in touchMichele Ide-SmithUser Experience SpecialistRed Gate Softwaremichele.ide-smith@red-gate.com@micheleidesmithwww....
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Winning hearts and minds: how to embed UX from scratch in a large organisation

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A talk I gave at UX Cambridge 2011 about my experiences of embedding UX in a large, public sector organisation.

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  • Developed by Fred Davis in 1989, to provide a valid and reliable method of predicting user acceptance of information systems. TAM is an extension of the Theory of Planned Behaviour (Azjen, 1989) but uses two key measures: perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use.Perceived usefulness is defined here as "the degree to which a person believes that using a particular system would enhance his or her job performance.“Perceived ease of use, in contrast, refers to "the degree to which a person believes that using a particular system would be free of effort."
  • Choose a self-contained project
  • School closures page – analyticsLibraries – card sorting how people understand the term ‘your library online’OU – course listing on home page
  • My Manager and Director are both supportive of UX
  • Transcript of "Winning hearts and minds: how to embed UX from scratch in a large organisation"

    1. 1. Winning hearts andminds: how to embedUX from scratch in a large organisation Michele Ide-Smith UX Cambridge, November 2011
    2. 2. “As their usability approach matures,organisations typically progressthrough the same sequence of stages,from initial hostility to widespreadreliance on user research.” Jakob Nielsen
    3. 3. A bit of backgroundPhoto by Kaptain Kobold http://www.flickr.com/photos/kaptainkobold/5359290323
    4. 4. About me Head of Information Interactive Architecture Production Started MSc in Web HCI Web developer accessibility UX Specialist1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Web Strategy Project Manager & Manager Information Architect Observed user testing Graduated with MSc in HCI
    5. 5. A revelation can become a passion
    6. 6. The organisation I worked for had tosave £160 million in the next 5 years
    7. 7. Costs per transaction• Face-to-face £8.23• Telephone £3.21• Website £0.39Source: SOCITM (Society for IT Managers), 2009
    8. 8. Technology Acceptance Model (Davis, 1989)
    9. 9. Making Council web services useful and usable saves public money
    10. 10. We came a long way in 5 years…2006 2011Occasional usability Dedicated UX Architectsurvey UX techniques and skills embedded
    11. 11. UX Maturity Model diagram from an article by @rfeijo http://johnnyholland.org/2010/04/16/planning-your-ux-strategy/ We got to here
    12. 12. How did we get started?Photo by Sarah and Mike …probably http://www.flickr.com/photos/sarahandmikeprobably/4266668689/
    13. 13. UX techniques are not hard to pick up
    14. 14. But knowing when and why to use them takes experience
    15. 15. Lesson learnt #1
    16. 16. Start with small butperfectly formed projects Research Improve Design Evaluate Prototype
    17. 17. Demonstrate the value of using UXmethods, however small the project
    18. 18. Lesson learnt #2
    19. 19. Some stakeholders have strong opinions
    20. 20. Data can speak volumes
    21. 21. Use data to tell a story about your users User testing / interviews Customer feedback Call centre stats Analytics
    22. 22. Lesson learnt #3
    23. 23. Highlighting poor design and content requires tact and diplomacy
    24. 24. Always point out something positive as well as the negatives Use familiar language e.g. ‘customer focus’, ‘customer experience’Photo by hatalmas http://www.flickr.com/photos/hatalmas/6094281702
    25. 25. Lesson learnt #4
    26. 26. Find a UX Champion who can gain organisational support and resources UX rocks!!Photo by Dunechaser http://www.flickr.com/photos/dunechaser/3538429942/
    27. 27. Lesson learnt #5
    28. 28. If you have budget available anddecide to use external expertise
    29. 29. Find a supplier who’ll work collaboratively Work collaboratively And help transfer skills to in-house teamsPhoto by Lollyman: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lollyman/4424552903
    30. 30. Lesson learnt #6
    31. 31. The whole team can learn UX skills
    32. 32. Everyone in the team could use Analytics data or do an expert reviewPhoto by Oblong http://www.flickr.com/photos/oblongpictures/5250948891
    33. 33. Anyone can have design ideas
    34. 34. The person who created thesesketches had no prior UX experience
    35. 35. Developers appreciate design input when it makes their lives easier
    36. 36. Lesson learnt #7
    37. 37. Regular user testing is an invaluable way to get early feedback on designsPhoto by Kaptain Kobold http://www.flickr.com/photos/kaptainkobold/5181464194
    38. 38. Recruiting users can be time consuming and expensive
    39. 39. Maximise opportunities to recruit users e.g. add a check box oncustomer surveys / feedback forms, or a question to the call centre scripts
    40. 40. Lesson learnt #8
    41. 41. It’s your job to sell the value of UX
    42. 42. Set targets and evaluate andbenchmark using consistent metrics
    43. 43. Lesson learnt #9
    44. 44. UX people should influence all areas ofthe business that impact on customers
    45. 45. Procurement decisions are often onlybased on cost and business requirements
    46. 46. Bad UX costs the business through increased calls to customer supportPhoto by ntr23 http://www.flickr.com/photos/ntr23/4435476085
    47. 47. Integrate usability evaluations andaccessibility audits into procurement
    48. 48. Speak to customer support tounderstand customer problems
    49. 49. Lesson learnt #10
    50. 50. Standardising processes and templatessaves time and helps with a UX roll out
    51. 51. We integrated UX processes into Agile (Scrum) processes
    52. 52. Creating method cards helped develop UX knowledge and summarise when and how to use UX techniques
    53. 53. Method cards courtesy of http://nform.com/tradingcards/
    54. 54. Leave room to experiment with newtechniques – don’t be too prescriptive
    55. 55. Lesson learnt #11
    56. 56. UX can become a full time job
    57. 57. It’s often only a small percentage of your job role
    58. 58. After 4 years we created adedicated UX Architect role
    59. 59. Developing UX skills, retaining talent and recruiting is hard work
    60. 60. Lesson learnt #12
    61. 61. Do you know who your users are?Photo by Joe Shablotnik http://www.flickr.com/photos/joeshlabotnik/305410323/
    62. 62. Work with data experts¹ to segment customers and help create personas,to enable everyone in the organisation to know their users1. Data experts could be market researchers or data analysts
    63. 63. Use personas to bring your user data to lifePhoto by Canned Tuna http://www.flickr.com/photos/cannedtuna/4852756417/
    64. 64. We created personas with quantitativedata (demographic and transactional) as well as qualitative data
    65. 65. Personas inform service design, notjust website and application design
    66. 66. UX was being considered at each point in a customer journey
    67. 67. A team which collaborates and learns together can achieve great things Photo by Rob Young http://www.flickr.com/photos/rob-young/2835825416
    68. 68. UX adoption / maturity survey• Based on Human Factors International checklist (developed after 2009 survey)• 65 respondents, sourced from UX networks and groups (London IA, LinkedIn, Twitter)
    69. 69. Sectors
    70. 70. Organisation size
    71. 71. 46% Have executive support 30%At senior executive level (V or C level)
    72. 72. 8%Have UX governance
    73. 73. 24% strategy Have a published UX or vision statement 13% 19%Review or update State that UX is an it regularly organisational success driver
    74. 74. Most popular UX techniques
    75. 75. Most effective techniques
    76. 76. 16%standardisedUse the same shared /UX methods within the organisation 22% 11%UX research is a Have a published required step UX standard
    77. 77. 41% values andSaid their organisation recognises UX successes
    78. 78. 25%Define measurable success criteriaand performance metrics for everywebsite or application they develop 8% Measure and report ROI
    79. 79. 36% part ofSaid UX skills are a recognised their job description 38% 22% Have staff Provide training /dedicated to UX education for non-100% of the time UX staff
    80. 80. Challenges• Resources - limited resources and budget• Communication / education - lack of understanding of what UX is• Strategy – lack of UX vision; lack of mandate; de-centralisation leads to departmental silos; no centralised UX plan; UX as a ‘bolt on’• Change – fear of change
    81. 81. Top tips• Sell the benefits and value• Gain buy in and engage others e.g. observing user testing, sketching and ideation sessions• Go undercover• But at some point you’ll need to embed and formalise the process
    82. 82. In conclusion
    83. 83. “No matter how impassioned yourapproach, it’s impossible to take acompany straight from UX indifference toUX maturity. The demands are toodisruptive. Focus, as the undercovermanifesto suggests, on big changethrough small victories, slowly winningthe hearts and minds and convincing yourteam of the need for UX approaches .” Cennydd Bowles, James Box
    84. 84. Thanks for listening!Photo by brieuc_s http://www.flickr.com/photos/brieuc/4225881624/
    85. 85. Get in touchMichele Ide-SmithUser Experience SpecialistRed Gate Softwaremichele.ide-smith@red-gate.com@micheleidesmithwww.ide-smith.co.ukwww.linkedin.com/in/micheleidesmith
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