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XXL2012 - G1 - (Pre)final_presentation

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Architect: Bhattacharya, Anurag …

Architect: Bhattacharya, Anurag
Structural Engineer: Dijk, Niels van
Envelope Designer: Li, D. Wilton
Design Informatics: Steenkamp, Fred
Climate Designer: Smidt, Daniel M.

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  • 1. Envelope XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft 3 Approaches: · Energy Generation · Natural Lighting and Ventilation · Parametric Shaping Solar Panels Voids & Shadings · Ground View Perspectives ht Sunlig South · Coverage of · Voids for · The Whole Geometry Solar Panels LIght & Fresh Air Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 2. Envelope XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft Beams from Slab · Steel Columns & Sun Shading Fixed at the bottom, holded by beams from slabs, supported by the truss on the roof. · Construction Diagram · Transparent Solar Panels Guided Water Flow Water Drain · Water Draining System Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 3. Envelope XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft APRODUCED  BY  AN  AUTODESK  EDUCATIONAL  PRODUCT Detail A to the Truss PRODUCED  BY  AN  AUTODESK  EDUCATIONAL  PRODUCT PRODUCED  BY  AN  AUTODESK  EDUCATIONAL  PRODUCT Water Drain to Beams from Slabs Key Image Solar Panels Detail B PRODUCED  BY  AN  AUTODESK  EDUCATIONAL  PRODUCT PRODUCED  BY  AN  AUTODESK  EDUCATIONAL  PRODUCT Floor Levels Sunshading Detail C · Section A-A · Fragment Elevation PRODUCED  BY  AN  AUTODESK  EDUCATIONAL  PRODUCT A Solar Panels PRODUCED  BY  AN  AUTODESK  EDUCATIONAL  PRODUCT PRODUCED  BY  AN  AUTODESK  EDUCATIONAL  PRODUCT PRODUCED  BY  AN  AUTODESK  EDU Water Drain · Detail A · Detail B · Detail C PRODUCED  BY  AN  AUTODESK  EDUCATIONAL  PRODUCT PRODUCED  BY  AN  AUTODESK  EDUCATIONAL  PRODUCT Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 4. Envelope XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft E W Attach more solar panels on the east and west to get more efficiency in the morning Sun Angle Direction and afternoon. · General Pattern Direction · Variation of Solar Planel Coverage ight DayL · Diffused Gental Light · Fresh Air Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 5. Climate XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft Main goal: Electricity from solar energy A zero energy building Optimization: - High energy generation with PV-cells throughout the day and year Parameters: - Orientation - Slope - Shade - Amount (pattern) - Efficiency - (Temperature) Boundaries: - Small site (reuse old site) - Fixed orientation (field / grandstand / phasing) - Capacity + optimal grandstand view Result: Total generation 10GWh / year Total (reduced) consumption ± 13GWh / year (76% covered) Zero energy* building with 25% effective panels*) Calculated for Electricity with some assumptions Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 6. Climate XXL Workshop 2012 - TU DelftWhy?- Sustainable building- Cut costs- Up to 30% of budget spent on electricity- Up to 25% of total energy used is for lighting Source: Master thesis - Energy demand ... in sport stadiums - A. Dietrich & C. Melville - 2011How?Generate more sustainable energy- Smart building shape and PV coverageWorkflow Rhino 3D Geometry- Parametric modelling- Analysing- OptimizingUse less energy- LED lighting (60% more efficient) Grasshopper Geco Ecotect optimalization / control / calculation bridge irradiation analysis engine Excel data collection / calculation / representation Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 7. Climate XXL Workshop 2012 - TU DelftWhat happened?Shape - Roof- Orientated West South West (-65 degrees from South)- Optimal roof slope of 9 degreesPattern - Facade- More PV on East and West facade to spread generationMinor spread effect with East/West PV* 200 Households extra per yearFacade shows the main goalSlope is very effective 2850 Households New  -­‐  Total New  -­‐  Façade New  -­‐  Roof Toyo  Ito  -­‐  Taiwain Area  PV 79803 20387 59416 14155 [m2] Fill  factor 0.7 0.9 % Solarpanel  Efficiency   0.20 0.20 0.20 % Total  energy  generation 10.3 0.7 9.5 1.14 [GWh/year] Household  energy  consumption 3600 3600 3600 3600 [kWh/year] Households 2854 203 2651 317 # Households  per  100m2 3.6 1.0 4.5 2.2 #/100m2 Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 8. Old kuip Structural beam New part grandstand Second structural beamNew grandstand New grandstand Last structural beam Final grandstand andand functions and functions functions
  • 9. Research w h d d lVariables d- width d- height- length- divisions- sections
  • 10. Two options 1769m steel 2017m steel
  • 11. Loadings d.l. roof 0,8 kN/m2 l.l. snow 2,1 kN/m2 l.l. wind -1,1 kN/m2 closed open 50m 50m 42m 42m 230m 230m
  • 12. Roof
  • 13. Trusses 17m 16m 14m 230m
  • 14. Design Informatics XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft Two Challenges Acoustic Analysis #1 Good Acoustic properties for Stadium, and Concert Usage 1/3 Musicians report choosing not to play at a venue because of poor Acoustics - A survey of reverberation times in 50 European venues presenting pop & rock concerts, Niels W. Adelman-Larsen , Department of Sound Production, Nordic Institute for Stage and Studio, Oslo, Norway # 2 Identity for Feyernoord Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 15. Design Informatics XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft # 1 Max Tier Gradient Maximum Tier Ratio - Due to small site Sharper Grandstands - Sound more direct to pitch 35° As loud as a 65000 Seater stadium can be! #2 More Direct Sound Higher sound pressure level (dB) good for Atmosphere - Bad for hearing, sound systems at least 10 dB higher - Potentially bad for acoustics of concerts, Initial calcu SPL - 104db, Reverberation of 7.6 seconds #3 A - symmetrical Grandstand Sound Dispersion Excessive noise into neighbourhood Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 16. Design Informatics XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft #4 Sound Distribution Absorb sound from roof space Reflect sound inside/during music concerts Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 17. Design Informatics XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft # 5 Pop/Rock Concerts Good Reverberation time of 0.6s to 1.2 s Grey Area - Reflective Panels White - Absorbing Material Panels 110m Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 18. Design Informatics XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft a&d b&w #6 Sin/Cos Wave Concept a*sin(b*z/y+c)+d*cos(w*z/y+x) amplitude frequency phase dampening Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 19. Design Informatics XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft #7 Evolutionary Algorithm - Galapagos Grasshopper Plug in + Acoustic Shoot Optimization of sound distribution inside concert space Through annealing process, software attempts to space sound rays equally. Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 20. Design Informatics XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft #8 Panelling Construction of Panels - Crimping of Surface Structural Grid overlay Baffles, for Absorbing Sound waves Individual Panels taken from list in grasshopper Reflective Surface for Concert Performance Surface Loft Anurag Bhattacharya, Daniël Smidt, Niels van Dijk, Wilton Danqing Li, Frederich Steenkamp
  • 21. Design Informatics XXL Workshop 2012 - TU Delft Interior Render During Concert Performance