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Turrin opening2012
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Turrin opening2012

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XXL 2012 - Opening Lecture - Course Organization

XXL 2012 - Opening Lecture - Course Organization

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  • 1. XXL WORKSHOP 2012AR0025Michela Turrin8-2-2012 Delft University of Technology Challenge the future
  • 2. XXL WorkshopCoordination: Michela TurrinInstructors:Prof.dr.ir. Sevil Sariyildiz; ir. Paul de Ruiter;Prof.Dr.ir. Joop Paul; ir. Andrew Borgart;ir. Tillmann Klein;Arch. Michela Turrin; ir. Pirouz Nourian; Arch.ir.Yannis ChatzikonstantinouDr.ir. Arjan van Timmeren; Dr.ir. Martin Tenpierik.Elective Course (12 ECTS) – BT + Design Studio Architecture XXL WORKSHOP 2
  • 3. Multidisciplinary design processThe XXL workshop is concerned with the design, computation,engineering, and production of a horizontal large span buildingstructure.• Multidisciplinary design process toward an integral design XXL WORKSHOP 3
  • 4. Multidisciplinary interaction XXL WORKSHOP 4
  • 5. National Stadium, Beijing, ChinaBirds Nest - Herzog & de Meuron Architekten - Arup STRUCTURAL GEOMETRY BUDGET XXL WORKSHOP 5
  • 6. INITIAL CONFIGURATION XXL WORKSHOP 6
  • 7. PARAMETRIC INVESTIGATION RELATING THE STRUCTURAL GEOMETRY AND THE CONSTRUCTION COSTS XXL WORKSHOP 7
  • 8. FINAL CONFIGURATION XXL WORKSHOP 8
  • 9. XXL WORKSHOP 9
  • 10. Louvre, Abu Dhabi, United Arabs EmiratesJean Nouvel, Buro Happold CLADDING GEOMETRY DAYLIGHT XXL WORKSHOP 10
  • 11. DAYLIGHT EFFECT IN SPACES UNDERNEATH THE ROOF XXL WORKSHOP 11
  • 12. GEOMETRY OF STRUCTURE AND CLADDING XXL WORKSHOP 12
  • 13. INVERSE DAYLIGHTING APPROACH XXL WORKSHOP 13
  • 14. PERFORMANCE DRIVEN GEOMETRY XXL WORKSHOP 14
  • 15. STRUCTURAL GEOMETRY VISUAL QUALITY XXL WORKSHOP 15TO&I
  • 16. Multidisciplinary interaction, interaction of people February 8, 2012 XXL WORKSHOP 16Image by TO&I Tuncer and Jeroen Coenders Bige
  • 17. Design of a StadiumONE OF THE KEY CHALLENGES:AN INNOVATIVE FUNCTIONAL PROGRAM XXL WORKSHOP 17
  • 18. SPORT ACTIVITY XXL WORKSHOP 18
  • 19. EVENTS AND SHOWS XXL WORKSHOP 19
  • 20. SPECIAL ICON XXL WORKSHOP 20
  • 21. EMPTY SPACE XXL WORKSHOP 21
  • 22. Yearly, monthly, weekly, daily patterns of functions Scale of the event/occupancy Functions to be proposed XXL WORKSHOP 22 Time (yearly, monthly, weekly, daily patterns)
  • 23. XXL WORKSHOP 23
  • 24. ICONIC VALUE OF RETRACTABILE ROOFS XXL WORKSHOP 24
  • 25. Swiss Tech Convention Center - Richter Dahl Rocha & Associates VideoICONIC VALUE OF RETRACTABILE ROOFS XXL WORKSHOP 25
  • 26. Olympic Stadium in Montreal, SchlaichICONIC VALUE OF RETRACTABILE ROOFS XXL WORKSHOP 26
  • 27. Ohita Stadium, reconfigurable roof - Massimo Majowiecki XXL WORKSHOP 27FUNCTIONAL INTEGRATION OF RECONFIGURABLE ROOFS
  • 28. XXL WORKSHOP 28
  • 29. SMALL SCALE ADAPTABILITY XXL WORKSHOP 29
  • 30. A new Stadium in RotterdamTHE NEW KUIP XXL WORKSHOP 30
  • 31. De Kuip XXL WORKSHOP 31
  • 32. Project location XXL WORKSHOP 32
  • 33. Project location - StadionPark XXL WORKSHOP 33
  • 34. Project location - StadionPark XXL WORKSHOP 34
  • 35. Project location - StadionPark XXL WORKSHOP 35
  • 36. Project location – two project sites XXL WORKSHOP 36
  • 37. De Nieuwe Kuip, Rotterdam - project by KCAP XXL WORKSHOP 37
  • 38. De Kuip, Rotterdam XXL WORKSHOP 38
  • 39. Project location – De Kuip XXL WORKSHOP 39
  • 40. Multidisciplinary process and teams XXL WORKSHOP 40
  • 41. Disciplines• Architectural Design• Structural Design• Envelope Design• Climate Design• Design Informatics XXL WORKSHOP 41
  • 42. Design TeamThe design process is done as a collaborative digital design in amultidisciplinary group of students in which each student has his/herown different responsibility. XXL WORKSHOP 42
  • 43. Design TeamRegular teams have 5 team members. When not possible, teams have4 members and the tasks for Climate Design are distributedtransversally to the other disciplines. XXL WORKSHOP 43
  • 44. Dalian Stadium, China - UNStudioAESTHETIC AND VISUAL CONCEPT RELATION WITH THE CONTEXT XXL WORKSHOP 44 FUNCTIONAL PROGRAM
  • 45. Beijing National Stadium, Herzog & De Meuron - ArupSTRUCTURE AS INTEGRAL PART OF THE ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT XXL WORKSHOP 45
  • 46. Beijing Arena, Munich - Herzog & & De Meuron ArupAllianz National Stadium, Herzog De Meuron - - ArupENVELOPE AS INTEGRAL PART OF THE ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT XXL WORKSHOP 46
  • 47. Olympic Stadium, Munich – Frei OttoINTEGRATION OF STRUCTURE AND CLADDING AS INTEGRAL PART OF THE XXL WORKSHOP 47ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT – example toward LIGHTNESS
  • 48. XXL WORKSHOP 48
  • 49. XXL WORKSHOP 49
  • 50. Taiwan Solar Stadium, by Toyo Itophotovoltaic technology for a 50,000-seat stadium XXL WORKSHOP 50
  • 51. Solar-powered stadiumgenerating 100% of itselectricity from photovoltaictechnology XXL WORKSHOP 51
  • 52. AAMI Stadium, Melbourne - Cox Architects, ARUPDIGITAL DESIGN PROCESS AS SUPPORT TO INTEGRATING DIFFERENT XXL WORKSHOP 52DISCIPLINES FOR AN INTEGRAL DESIGN SOLUTION
  • 53. Design TasksArchitectural DesignInstructors: Prof.dr.ir. Sevil Sariyildiz, ir. Paul de RuiterDesign of a Stadium:• Adaptable for different functional program during 24h/7days • Including capacity for exceptionally high number of spectators and no empty seats for minors events• Sustainable• Performance-driven • Integrating multidisciplinary inputs since its early concept• Expression of an individual, distinctive style XXL WORKSHOP 53
  • 54. Design TasksStructural DesignInstructors: Prof.Dr.ir. J. Paul; ir. A. Borgart• The objective is the design of an innovative and efficientstructural system for a large span Stadium• The proposed structure may be reconfigurable to favor thefunctional adaptivity of the Stadium• Attention to the total amount of needed material is recommended XXL WORKSHOP 54
  • 55. Design TasksEnvelope DesignInstructor: ir. T. KleinThe objective is the design of an envelope system:• Deeply integrated with the Architectural concept – also foradaptivity • eventually adaptive itself, when needed• Beneficial for a sustainable climate design of the Stadium• Attention to the total amount of needed material is recommended XXL WORKSHOP 55
  • 56. Design TasksClimate DesignInstructor: dr.ir. A. van Timmeren; dr.ir. M. TenpierikThe objective is the conception and development of an energyefficient Stadium, by means of passive and active use of on-siteenergy resources:• Limited energy consumption for climate control• Energy producing building, based on renewable sourcesAttention will be required also to the use of materials XXL WORKSHOP 56
  • 57. Design TasksDesign InformaticsInstructors: Arch. M.Turrin; ir. P.Nourian; Arch.ir. Y. ChatzikonstantinouConception and development of a digital and computationalstrategy to create a multidisciplinary design process, including:• Strategies for digital modeling• Loops between geometry and performance analysis• File exchange and archiving• Integration of prototyping XXL WORKSHOP 57
  • 58. Design Process XXL WORKSHOP 58
  • 59. Design process• The whole team develops the design solution based on closecollaboration and interdisciplinary integration• The process is based on the convergence of each discipline intothe development of the final design solution• Concepts for architecture, structure, envelope, energy-efficientclimate and informatics support need to be conceived from the verybeginning as part of a whole picture XXL WORKSHOP 59
  • 60. INTERDISCIPLINARY INTEGRATION Climate DesignArchitectural DesDes Informatics Envelope Des Structural Design XXL WORKSHOP 60
  • 61. ResponsibilitiesWHOLE TEAM:• Defining the whole picture of the design and developing it alongthe entire process is responsibility of the whole team.EACH MEMBER:• Each team member is responsible for his/her own discipline, aspart of the whole integrated process. XXL WORKSHOP 61
  • 62. ResponsibilitiesARCHITECT:• Develop and guide the architectural concept of the projectalong the entire design process.• Develop a personal approach on form, detailing and styling,with the capacity of converging inputs from the different disciplinesinto a coherent overall style of the project.• Overall vision of the project: fulfillment of the functionalrequirements, the development of the aesthetics values of theproject, and other architectural performances. XXL WORKSHOP 62
  • 63. ResponsibilitiesSTRUCTURAL DESIGNER:• Responsible for conceiving and developing the structuralsystem of the project.• Driving the integration between geometry and materialproperties of the structure during the whole process and across thedifferent scales.• Performing numeric evaluations need to support each phase,including structural calculations, quantification of the neededmaterials, fabrication process, etc. XXL WORKSHOP 63
  • 64. ResponsibilitiesENVELOPE DESIGNER:• Responsible for conceiving and developing the skin system ofthe project.• Driving the integration between geometry and materialproperties of the skin during the whole process and across thedifferent scales.• Performing numeric evaluations need to support each phase,including structural calculations, quantification of the neededmaterials, fabrication process, etc. XXL WORKSHOP 64
  • 65. ResponsibilitiesCLIMATE DESIGNER:• Responsible for conceiving and developing the energy- efficient climate concept of the project: • The conception and development of strategies to reduce the energy consumption by means of passive climatic control (such as: control of solar gain; shading; ventilation for cooling; daylight; etc.); • The conception and development of strategies to produce energy by means of active technologies (such as: photovoltaic; solar panels; wind turbines; etc.).• Performing numeric evaluations need to support each phase, including calculations on energy. XXL WORKSHOP 65
  • 66. ResponsibilitiesDESIGN INFORMATCS EXPERT:• Managing role: responsible for the entire digital process of thedesign: • Not as technical support, but strategic support • For integration of the different digital models into a core model during the entire design process (according to BIM concepts) • For the archive (including structuring the archive), file exchanges, for rapid prototyping, etc.• Producing role: a chosen topic for computation XXL WORKSHOP 66
  • 67. CONTINUITY OF FEEDBACKS: Each team member provides inputs since the early conceptual designCONCEPTUAL DESIGN DEFINITIVE DESIGN DETAILED DESIGNResearch Research ResearchGeneration of alternatives Generation of alternatives XXL WORKSHOP alternatives Generation of 67Evaluations Evaluations Evaluations
  • 68. ITERATION Climate DesignArchitectural DesDes Informatics Envelope Des Structural Design XXL WORKSHOP 68
  • 69. Design process• Each aspect of the design is developed by integrating inputs alsofrom the other disciplines• The collaborative digital design requires an integrated 3Dapproach with BIM (Building Information Modeling), performanceanalysis, and file to factory processes. XXL WORKSHOP 69
  • 70. DIGITAL PROCESS XXL WORKSHOP 70
  • 71. XXL WORKSHOP 71
  • 72. Schedule XXL WORKSHOP 72
  • 73. SchedulePinup presentation Final presentation Middle Term presentation XXL WORKSHOP 73
  • 74. Schedule XXL WORKSHOP 74
  • 75. Schedule XXL WORKSHOP 75
  • 76. Schedule XXL WORKSHOP 76
  • 77. Schedule XXL WORKSHOP 77
  • 78. Consults INSTRUCTORS Architectural Design Structural Design Envelope Design Climate Design Design Informatics XXL WORKSHOP 78
  • 79. Exams• Each group will be evaluated based on the process.• Each student will be evaluated based on the product, presentationand reports.FINAL PRESENTATIONS:For each group, the final presentations will include parts for eachdiscipline given by the single student responsible for it.FINAL REPORTS:A single report will be asked to each students for each discipline (4reports/group) XXL WORKSHOP 79
  • 80. ExamsGrade:INDIVIDUAL: 50% on individual work (30% on product, 20% on report and presentations)COLLECTIVE: 50% on the integrated interdisciplinary process•The grade on products, presentations and reports is individual for eachstudent by the instructors of his/her discipline•The grade on the process is collective for the group by all the instructors XXL WORKSHOP 80
  • 81. Project Examples XXL WORKSHOP 81
  • 82. Projects – XXL 2011http://xxl2011.blogspot.comExamples of final presentations XXL WORKSHOP 82
  • 83. XXL WORKSHOP 83
  • 84. XXL WORKSHOP 93
  • 85. XXL WORKSHOP 106

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