XXL WORKSHOP 2012AR0025Michela Turrin8-2-2012         Delft         University of         Technology         Challenge the...
XXL WorkshopCoordination: Michela TurrinInstructors:Prof.dr.ir. Sevil Sariyildiz; ir. Paul de Ruiter;Prof.Dr.ir. Joop Paul...
Multidisciplinary design processThe XXL workshop is concerned with the design, computation,engineering, and production of ...
Multidisciplinary interaction                                XXL WORKSHOP   4
National Stadium, Beijing, ChinaBirds Nest - Herzog & de Meuron Architekten - Arup       STRUCTURAL GEOMETRY              ...
INITIAL CONFIGURATION                   XXL WORKSHOP   6
PARAMETRIC INVESTIGATION RELATING THE STRUCTURAL     GEOMETRY AND THE CONSTRUCTION COSTS                                 X...
FINAL CONFIGURATION                      XXL WORKSHOP   8
XXL WORKSHOP   9
Louvre, Abu Dhabi, United Arabs EmiratesJean Nouvel, Buro Happold                            CLADDING GEOMETRY            ...
DAYLIGHT EFFECT IN SPACES UNDERNEATH THE ROOF                                XXL WORKSHOP   11
GEOMETRY OF STRUCTURE AND CLADDING                              XXL WORKSHOP   12
INVERSE DAYLIGHTING APPROACH                               XXL WORKSHOP   13
PERFORMANCE DRIVEN GEOMETRY                              XXL WORKSHOP   14
STRUCTURAL GEOMETRY       VISUAL QUALITY                             XXL WORKSHOP   15TO&I
Multidisciplinary interaction, interaction of people          February 8, 2012                                           X...
Design of a StadiumONE OF THE KEY CHALLENGES:AN INNOVATIVE FUNCTIONAL PROGRAM                             XXL WORKSHOP   17
SPORT ACTIVITY                 XXL WORKSHOP   18
EVENTS AND SHOWS                   XXL WORKSHOP   19
SPECIAL ICON               XXL WORKSHOP   20
EMPTY SPACE              XXL WORKSHOP   21
Yearly, monthly, weekly, daily patterns of functions Scale of the event/occupancy                    Functions to be propo...
XXL WORKSHOP   23
ICONIC VALUE OF RETRACTABILE ROOFS                                     XXL WORKSHOP   24
Swiss Tech Convention Center - Richter Dahl Rocha & Associates                                                            ...
Olympic Stadium in Montreal, SchlaichICONIC VALUE OF RETRACTABILE ROOFS                                        XXL WORKSHO...
Ohita Stadium, reconfigurable roof - Massimo Majowiecki                                        XXL WORKSHOP   27FUNCTIONAL...
XXL WORKSHOP   28
SMALL SCALE ADAPTABILITY   XXL WORKSHOP   29
A new Stadium in RotterdamTHE NEW KUIP                             XXL WORKSHOP   30
De Kuip          XXL WORKSHOP   31
Project location                   XXL WORKSHOP   32
Project location - StadionPark                                 XXL WORKSHOP   33
Project location - StadionPark                                 XXL WORKSHOP   34
Project location - StadionPark                                 XXL WORKSHOP   35
Project location – two project sites                                       XXL WORKSHOP   36
De Nieuwe Kuip, Rotterdam - project by KCAP                                              XXL WORKSHOP   37
De Kuip, Rotterdam                     XXL WORKSHOP   38
Project location – De Kuip                             XXL WORKSHOP   39
Multidisciplinary process and teams                               XXL WORKSHOP   40
Disciplines• Architectural Design• Structural Design• Envelope Design• Climate Design• Design Informatics                 ...
Design TeamThe design process is done as a collaborative digital design in amultidisciplinary group of students in which e...
Design TeamRegular teams have 5 team members. When not possible, teams have4 members and the tasks for Climate Design are ...
Dalian Stadium, China - UNStudioAESTHETIC AND VISUAL CONCEPT    RELATION WITH THE CONTEXT                                 ...
Beijing National Stadium, Herzog & De Meuron - ArupSTRUCTURE AS INTEGRAL PART OF THE ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT                ...
Beijing Arena, Munich - Herzog & & De Meuron ArupAllianz National Stadium, Herzog De Meuron - - ArupENVELOPE AS INTEGRAL P...
Olympic Stadium, Munich – Frei OttoINTEGRATION OF STRUCTURE AND CLADDING AS INTEGRAL PART OF THE                          ...
XXL WORKSHOP   48
XXL WORKSHOP   49
Taiwan Solar Stadium, by Toyo Itophotovoltaic technology for a 50,000-seat stadium                                        ...
Solar-powered stadiumgenerating 100% of itselectricity from photovoltaictechnology                                XXL WORK...
AAMI Stadium, Melbourne - Cox Architects, ARUPDIGITAL DESIGN PROCESS AS SUPPORT TO INTEGRATING DIFFERENT                  ...
Design TasksArchitectural DesignInstructors: Prof.dr.ir. Sevil Sariyildiz, ir. Paul de RuiterDesign of a Stadium:• Adaptab...
Design TasksStructural DesignInstructors: Prof.Dr.ir. J. Paul; ir. A. Borgart• The objective is the design of an innovativ...
Design TasksEnvelope DesignInstructor: ir. T. KleinThe objective is the design of an envelope system:• Deeply integrated w...
Design TasksClimate DesignInstructor: dr.ir. A. van Timmeren; dr.ir. M. TenpierikThe objective is the conception and devel...
Design TasksDesign InformaticsInstructors: Arch. M.Turrin; ir. P.Nourian; Arch.ir. Y. ChatzikonstantinouConception and dev...
Design Process                 XXL WORKSHOP   58
Design process• The whole team develops the design solution based on closecollaboration and interdisciplinary integration•...
INTERDISCIPLINARY INTEGRATION                                            Climate DesignArchitectural DesDes Informatics   ...
ResponsibilitiesWHOLE TEAM:• Defining the whole picture of the design and developing it alongthe entire process is respons...
ResponsibilitiesARCHITECT:• Develop and guide the architectural concept of the projectalong the entire design process.• De...
ResponsibilitiesSTRUCTURAL DESIGNER:• Responsible for conceiving and developing the structuralsystem of the project.• Driv...
ResponsibilitiesENVELOPE DESIGNER:• Responsible for conceiving and developing the skin system ofthe project.• Driving the ...
ResponsibilitiesCLIMATE DESIGNER:•   Responsible for conceiving and developing the energy-    efficient climate concept of...
ResponsibilitiesDESIGN INFORMATCS EXPERT:• Managing role: responsible for the entire digital process of thedesign:    • No...
CONTINUITY OF FEEDBACKS:        Each team member provides inputs since the early conceptual designCONCEPTUAL DESIGN       ...
ITERATION                                                Climate DesignArchitectural DesDes Informatics                   ...
Design process• Each aspect of the design is developed by integrating inputs alsofrom the other disciplines• The collabora...
DIGITAL PROCESS                  XXL WORKSHOP   70
XXL WORKSHOP   71
Schedule           XXL WORKSHOP   72
SchedulePinup presentation              Final presentation            Middle Term presentation                            ...
Schedule           XXL WORKSHOP   74
Schedule           XXL WORKSHOP   75
Schedule           XXL WORKSHOP   76
Schedule           XXL WORKSHOP   77
Consults           INSTRUCTORS                  Architectural Design                     Structural Design                ...
Exams• Each group will be evaluated based on the process.• Each student will be evaluated based on the product, presentati...
ExamsGrade:INDIVIDUAL:     50% on individual work                (30% on product, 20% on report and presentations)COLLECTI...
Project Examples                   XXL WORKSHOP   81
Projects – XXL 2011http://xxl2011.blogspot.comExamples of final presentations                                  XXL WORKSHO...
XXL WORKSHOP   83
XXL WORKSHOP   93
XXL WORKSHOP   106
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Turrin opening2012

  1. 1. XXL WORKSHOP 2012AR0025Michela Turrin8-2-2012 Delft University of Technology Challenge the future
  2. 2. XXL WorkshopCoordination: Michela TurrinInstructors:Prof.dr.ir. Sevil Sariyildiz; ir. Paul de Ruiter;Prof.Dr.ir. Joop Paul; ir. Andrew Borgart;ir. Tillmann Klein;Arch. Michela Turrin; ir. Pirouz Nourian; Arch.ir.Yannis ChatzikonstantinouDr.ir. Arjan van Timmeren; Dr.ir. Martin Tenpierik.Elective Course (12 ECTS) – BT + Design Studio Architecture XXL WORKSHOP 2
  3. 3. Multidisciplinary design processThe XXL workshop is concerned with the design, computation,engineering, and production of a horizontal large span buildingstructure.• Multidisciplinary design process toward an integral design XXL WORKSHOP 3
  4. 4. Multidisciplinary interaction XXL WORKSHOP 4
  5. 5. National Stadium, Beijing, ChinaBirds Nest - Herzog & de Meuron Architekten - Arup STRUCTURAL GEOMETRY BUDGET XXL WORKSHOP 5
  6. 6. INITIAL CONFIGURATION XXL WORKSHOP 6
  7. 7. PARAMETRIC INVESTIGATION RELATING THE STRUCTURAL GEOMETRY AND THE CONSTRUCTION COSTS XXL WORKSHOP 7
  8. 8. FINAL CONFIGURATION XXL WORKSHOP 8
  9. 9. XXL WORKSHOP 9
  10. 10. Louvre, Abu Dhabi, United Arabs EmiratesJean Nouvel, Buro Happold CLADDING GEOMETRY DAYLIGHT XXL WORKSHOP 10
  11. 11. DAYLIGHT EFFECT IN SPACES UNDERNEATH THE ROOF XXL WORKSHOP 11
  12. 12. GEOMETRY OF STRUCTURE AND CLADDING XXL WORKSHOP 12
  13. 13. INVERSE DAYLIGHTING APPROACH XXL WORKSHOP 13
  14. 14. PERFORMANCE DRIVEN GEOMETRY XXL WORKSHOP 14
  15. 15. STRUCTURAL GEOMETRY VISUAL QUALITY XXL WORKSHOP 15TO&I
  16. 16. Multidisciplinary interaction, interaction of people February 8, 2012 XXL WORKSHOP 16Image by TO&I Tuncer and Jeroen Coenders Bige
  17. 17. Design of a StadiumONE OF THE KEY CHALLENGES:AN INNOVATIVE FUNCTIONAL PROGRAM XXL WORKSHOP 17
  18. 18. SPORT ACTIVITY XXL WORKSHOP 18
  19. 19. EVENTS AND SHOWS XXL WORKSHOP 19
  20. 20. SPECIAL ICON XXL WORKSHOP 20
  21. 21. EMPTY SPACE XXL WORKSHOP 21
  22. 22. Yearly, monthly, weekly, daily patterns of functions Scale of the event/occupancy Functions to be proposed XXL WORKSHOP 22 Time (yearly, monthly, weekly, daily patterns)
  23. 23. XXL WORKSHOP 23
  24. 24. ICONIC VALUE OF RETRACTABILE ROOFS XXL WORKSHOP 24
  25. 25. Swiss Tech Convention Center - Richter Dahl Rocha & Associates VideoICONIC VALUE OF RETRACTABILE ROOFS XXL WORKSHOP 25
  26. 26. Olympic Stadium in Montreal, SchlaichICONIC VALUE OF RETRACTABILE ROOFS XXL WORKSHOP 26
  27. 27. Ohita Stadium, reconfigurable roof - Massimo Majowiecki XXL WORKSHOP 27FUNCTIONAL INTEGRATION OF RECONFIGURABLE ROOFS
  28. 28. XXL WORKSHOP 28
  29. 29. SMALL SCALE ADAPTABILITY XXL WORKSHOP 29
  30. 30. A new Stadium in RotterdamTHE NEW KUIP XXL WORKSHOP 30
  31. 31. De Kuip XXL WORKSHOP 31
  32. 32. Project location XXL WORKSHOP 32
  33. 33. Project location - StadionPark XXL WORKSHOP 33
  34. 34. Project location - StadionPark XXL WORKSHOP 34
  35. 35. Project location - StadionPark XXL WORKSHOP 35
  36. 36. Project location – two project sites XXL WORKSHOP 36
  37. 37. De Nieuwe Kuip, Rotterdam - project by KCAP XXL WORKSHOP 37
  38. 38. De Kuip, Rotterdam XXL WORKSHOP 38
  39. 39. Project location – De Kuip XXL WORKSHOP 39
  40. 40. Multidisciplinary process and teams XXL WORKSHOP 40
  41. 41. Disciplines• Architectural Design• Structural Design• Envelope Design• Climate Design• Design Informatics XXL WORKSHOP 41
  42. 42. Design TeamThe design process is done as a collaborative digital design in amultidisciplinary group of students in which each student has his/herown different responsibility. XXL WORKSHOP 42
  43. 43. Design TeamRegular teams have 5 team members. When not possible, teams have4 members and the tasks for Climate Design are distributedtransversally to the other disciplines. XXL WORKSHOP 43
  44. 44. Dalian Stadium, China - UNStudioAESTHETIC AND VISUAL CONCEPT RELATION WITH THE CONTEXT XXL WORKSHOP 44 FUNCTIONAL PROGRAM
  45. 45. Beijing National Stadium, Herzog & De Meuron - ArupSTRUCTURE AS INTEGRAL PART OF THE ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT XXL WORKSHOP 45
  46. 46. Beijing Arena, Munich - Herzog & & De Meuron ArupAllianz National Stadium, Herzog De Meuron - - ArupENVELOPE AS INTEGRAL PART OF THE ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT XXL WORKSHOP 46
  47. 47. Olympic Stadium, Munich – Frei OttoINTEGRATION OF STRUCTURE AND CLADDING AS INTEGRAL PART OF THE XXL WORKSHOP 47ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT – example toward LIGHTNESS
  48. 48. XXL WORKSHOP 48
  49. 49. XXL WORKSHOP 49
  50. 50. Taiwan Solar Stadium, by Toyo Itophotovoltaic technology for a 50,000-seat stadium XXL WORKSHOP 50
  51. 51. Solar-powered stadiumgenerating 100% of itselectricity from photovoltaictechnology XXL WORKSHOP 51
  52. 52. AAMI Stadium, Melbourne - Cox Architects, ARUPDIGITAL DESIGN PROCESS AS SUPPORT TO INTEGRATING DIFFERENT XXL WORKSHOP 52DISCIPLINES FOR AN INTEGRAL DESIGN SOLUTION
  53. 53. Design TasksArchitectural DesignInstructors: Prof.dr.ir. Sevil Sariyildiz, ir. Paul de RuiterDesign of a Stadium:• Adaptable for different functional program during 24h/7days • Including capacity for exceptionally high number of spectators and no empty seats for minors events• Sustainable• Performance-driven • Integrating multidisciplinary inputs since its early concept• Expression of an individual, distinctive style XXL WORKSHOP 53
  54. 54. Design TasksStructural DesignInstructors: Prof.Dr.ir. J. Paul; ir. A. Borgart• The objective is the design of an innovative and efficientstructural system for a large span Stadium• The proposed structure may be reconfigurable to favor thefunctional adaptivity of the Stadium• Attention to the total amount of needed material is recommended XXL WORKSHOP 54
  55. 55. Design TasksEnvelope DesignInstructor: ir. T. KleinThe objective is the design of an envelope system:• Deeply integrated with the Architectural concept – also foradaptivity • eventually adaptive itself, when needed• Beneficial for a sustainable climate design of the Stadium• Attention to the total amount of needed material is recommended XXL WORKSHOP 55
  56. 56. Design TasksClimate DesignInstructor: dr.ir. A. van Timmeren; dr.ir. M. TenpierikThe objective is the conception and development of an energyefficient Stadium, by means of passive and active use of on-siteenergy resources:• Limited energy consumption for climate control• Energy producing building, based on renewable sourcesAttention will be required also to the use of materials XXL WORKSHOP 56
  57. 57. Design TasksDesign InformaticsInstructors: Arch. M.Turrin; ir. P.Nourian; Arch.ir. Y. ChatzikonstantinouConception and development of a digital and computationalstrategy to create a multidisciplinary design process, including:• Strategies for digital modeling• Loops between geometry and performance analysis• File exchange and archiving• Integration of prototyping XXL WORKSHOP 57
  58. 58. Design Process XXL WORKSHOP 58
  59. 59. Design process• The whole team develops the design solution based on closecollaboration and interdisciplinary integration• The process is based on the convergence of each discipline intothe development of the final design solution• Concepts for architecture, structure, envelope, energy-efficientclimate and informatics support need to be conceived from the verybeginning as part of a whole picture XXL WORKSHOP 59
  60. 60. INTERDISCIPLINARY INTEGRATION Climate DesignArchitectural DesDes Informatics Envelope Des Structural Design XXL WORKSHOP 60
  61. 61. ResponsibilitiesWHOLE TEAM:• Defining the whole picture of the design and developing it alongthe entire process is responsibility of the whole team.EACH MEMBER:• Each team member is responsible for his/her own discipline, aspart of the whole integrated process. XXL WORKSHOP 61
  62. 62. ResponsibilitiesARCHITECT:• Develop and guide the architectural concept of the projectalong the entire design process.• Develop a personal approach on form, detailing and styling,with the capacity of converging inputs from the different disciplinesinto a coherent overall style of the project.• Overall vision of the project: fulfillment of the functionalrequirements, the development of the aesthetics values of theproject, and other architectural performances. XXL WORKSHOP 62
  63. 63. ResponsibilitiesSTRUCTURAL DESIGNER:• Responsible for conceiving and developing the structuralsystem of the project.• Driving the integration between geometry and materialproperties of the structure during the whole process and across thedifferent scales.• Performing numeric evaluations need to support each phase,including structural calculations, quantification of the neededmaterials, fabrication process, etc. XXL WORKSHOP 63
  64. 64. ResponsibilitiesENVELOPE DESIGNER:• Responsible for conceiving and developing the skin system ofthe project.• Driving the integration between geometry and materialproperties of the skin during the whole process and across thedifferent scales.• Performing numeric evaluations need to support each phase,including structural calculations, quantification of the neededmaterials, fabrication process, etc. XXL WORKSHOP 64
  65. 65. ResponsibilitiesCLIMATE DESIGNER:• Responsible for conceiving and developing the energy- efficient climate concept of the project: • The conception and development of strategies to reduce the energy consumption by means of passive climatic control (such as: control of solar gain; shading; ventilation for cooling; daylight; etc.); • The conception and development of strategies to produce energy by means of active technologies (such as: photovoltaic; solar panels; wind turbines; etc.).• Performing numeric evaluations need to support each phase, including calculations on energy. XXL WORKSHOP 65
  66. 66. ResponsibilitiesDESIGN INFORMATCS EXPERT:• Managing role: responsible for the entire digital process of thedesign: • Not as technical support, but strategic support • For integration of the different digital models into a core model during the entire design process (according to BIM concepts) • For the archive (including structuring the archive), file exchanges, for rapid prototyping, etc.• Producing role: a chosen topic for computation XXL WORKSHOP 66
  67. 67. CONTINUITY OF FEEDBACKS: Each team member provides inputs since the early conceptual designCONCEPTUAL DESIGN DEFINITIVE DESIGN DETAILED DESIGNResearch Research ResearchGeneration of alternatives Generation of alternatives XXL WORKSHOP alternatives Generation of 67Evaluations Evaluations Evaluations
  68. 68. ITERATION Climate DesignArchitectural DesDes Informatics Envelope Des Structural Design XXL WORKSHOP 68
  69. 69. Design process• Each aspect of the design is developed by integrating inputs alsofrom the other disciplines• The collaborative digital design requires an integrated 3Dapproach with BIM (Building Information Modeling), performanceanalysis, and file to factory processes. XXL WORKSHOP 69
  70. 70. DIGITAL PROCESS XXL WORKSHOP 70
  71. 71. XXL WORKSHOP 71
  72. 72. Schedule XXL WORKSHOP 72
  73. 73. SchedulePinup presentation Final presentation Middle Term presentation XXL WORKSHOP 73
  74. 74. Schedule XXL WORKSHOP 74
  75. 75. Schedule XXL WORKSHOP 75
  76. 76. Schedule XXL WORKSHOP 76
  77. 77. Schedule XXL WORKSHOP 77
  78. 78. Consults INSTRUCTORS Architectural Design Structural Design Envelope Design Climate Design Design Informatics XXL WORKSHOP 78
  79. 79. Exams• Each group will be evaluated based on the process.• Each student will be evaluated based on the product, presentationand reports.FINAL PRESENTATIONS:For each group, the final presentations will include parts for eachdiscipline given by the single student responsible for it.FINAL REPORTS:A single report will be asked to each students for each discipline (4reports/group) XXL WORKSHOP 79
  80. 80. ExamsGrade:INDIVIDUAL: 50% on individual work (30% on product, 20% on report and presentations)COLLECTIVE: 50% on the integrated interdisciplinary process•The grade on products, presentations and reports is individual for eachstudent by the instructors of his/her discipline•The grade on the process is collective for the group by all the instructors XXL WORKSHOP 80
  81. 81. Project Examples XXL WORKSHOP 81
  82. 82. Projects – XXL 2011http://xxl2011.blogspot.comExamples of final presentations XXL WORKSHOP 82
  83. 83. XXL WORKSHOP 83
  84. 84. XXL WORKSHOP 93
  85. 85. XXL WORKSHOP 106

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