Pronouns
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Pronouns

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Pronouns Pronouns Presentation Transcript

  • A pronoun is a word that takes the place of one or more nouns. Pro- means for (standing FOR a noun) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yg
  •  Pronouns that are used to refer to people or things are called personal pronouns.  Examples: he, she, it
  • A subject pronoun is used as thesubject of a sentence. The subject is WHO or WHAT the sentence is about. She is my sister. It is my hat. Does he have a dog. You and I go to the movie.
  • An object pronoun is a personal pronoun in the objective case. It is used as the direct or inderect object of a verb. Object pronouns will never be the subject of the sentence. Give the pencil to me. The teacher gave her a referral. I will tell you a secret. Hannah read it to them.
  • Singular Plural I weSubject Pronouns you you he, she, it they me usObject Pronouns you you him, her, it them
  • 1. Listen to this song and then lets try it together! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v2. Activity. Complete WS p. 16 as a table and then we will go over it together.
  • How do you know when to use me or I, we or us?1. Use a Subject Pronoun as a subject2. Use Object pronoun as object of the verbExamples (Circle the correct pronoun listed):SUBJECT-She owns a collection of books.INDIRECT OBJECT-He told her an amusing story.DIRECT OBJECT-The fable entertained us.
  • When in a pair (Susan and I) Always take the pronoun OUT of the pair to see which pronoun is the correct one to use.EXAMPLES: Richard and (I or me) recited the story. Jennifer helped Richard and (I or me).Read sentence without the words that the pronoun is paired with to see what works.
  • When using a pronoun in a pair:**ALWAYS put the pronoun secondSeth and I read some comic books.(Not I and Seth) Science interests Mike and me.(Not me and Mike).
  • In formal writing and speech: use a subject pronoun after a linking verb.RIGHT  The winner is she. NOT  She is the winner.
  •  Complete WS p. 19, Using Pronouns Correctly and then we will review as a class.
  • Antecedent-The noun or group of words that a pronoun refers toExample: Tyler read “The Hungry Caterpillar.” He found it exciting.ANTECEDENT of he  ___________________ANTECEDENT of exciting  __________________
  • RULE FOR PRONOUNS and ANTECEDENTS:1. Pronoun must agree with antecedent in number (singular or plural) and gender.2. The gender of a noun may be masculine (male), feminine (female), or neuter (referring to things).
  • Complete WS p. 17 for Review
  • Possessive Pronoun A pronoun that shows who or what has something. NOTE: A possessive pronoun may take the place of a possessive noun.
  • Examples:Matt’s shoe is too small. Replace noun with possessive pronoun. _______ shoe is too small.Mike’s homework is perfect. Possesive Noun- __________ Replace with pronoun- _________________ homework is perfect.
  • Possessive pronouns have two forms.- One form is used before a noun.- The other form is used alone. Singular Plural Used my our before your your nouns his, her, its their Used mine ours alone yours yours his, hers, its theirs
  • ALWAYS REMEMBER:POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS do NOT contain an apostrophe. * Possessive its never splits. *It’s - is a contraction standing for it is *Its  no apostrophe is POSSESSIVEExample: I love my book. (Its) characters are funny. *Its is a possevive pronoun standing for what noun?
  • Complete WS p. 18 to review possessive pronouns
  • indefinite pronoun A pronoun that does not refer to a particular person, place, or thing.Example: Does anyone know where Mr. Malloy went? Everyone thought he was hiding in a locker.NOTE: Most indefinite pronouns are either ALWAYS singular or plural.
  • Singular Plural another everybody no one both anybody everyone nothing few anyone everything one many anything much somebody others each neither someone several either nobody somethingSINGULAR or PLURAL All, any, most, none and some can be singular orplural, depending on the phrase that follows them.
  • When an indefinite pronoun is used as thesubject, the verb must agree with it in number.EXAMPLE:Everyone discusses the dance last Friday. (singular)Both talk about how fun it was! (plural)All of the dance was very loud. (singular)All of the middle schoolers were dancing fools. (plural)
  • Possessive pronouns often have indefinite pronounsas their antecedents. In such cases, the pronounsmust agree in number.Each of the teachers has his or her uniqueteaching style.Several have funny conversations with theirstudents.
  • Complete WS p. 19reviewingIndefinite pronouns